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SKEMA PEMARKAHAN KERTAS KIMIA 2 PERCUBAAN SPM 2014

Question Description Marks


1 (a) (i) [Able to give a definition correctly]
The temperature at which solid turns to liquid

1
......1
(ii) [Able to state the boiling point correctly]
136
0
C

1

......1
(iii) [Able to explain the reasons correctly]
Heat energy is absorbed and
used to overcome the force of attraction between particles
// Heat is absorbed to overcome the intermolecular force between molecule
r: ion/atom

1

1


......2
(b)

(i) [Able to state the process correctly ]
Diffusion
1
.1
(ii) [Able to state the type of particle correctly ]
Ion
1
....1
(iii) [Able to explain the observations correctly]
- Potassium manganate(VII)is made up of tiny particles
- The spaces between particles in gel are smaller than in water//vice versa
- Potassium manganate (VII) particles diffuse slower in gel // vice versa
1
1
1



.3

9


















No
2
Explanation Mark

Mark
(a) Able to state the type of compound correctly
Sample answer:
Ionic / salt / inorganic
1 1
(b) Able to write the formula correctly
Sample Answer:
XY
2
/ MgCl
2

1 1
(c)(i)

Able to write the electron arrangement correctly
Answer:
2. 8 . 2 / 2 , 8 , 2

1
(ii) 2 . 7 / 2 , 7

1 2
(d)(i)


Able to show:
1. nucleus for both atoms & all shells filled with correct number of
electrons.
2. sharing one pair of electrons




1

1






2
(ii) Able to state the bond correctly
Answer:
Covalent

1 1
(e)









Able to compare both melting points correctly.
Sample answer:
Compound/(a) is higher than substance/(d)

Able to give reasons correctly








Sample Answer:
1.(Electrostatic) forces between particles/ ions is stronger.
2. more heat/energy required to overcome the forces


1



1
1








3
Total 10
Y Y
Question No Mark Scheme
Sub
Mark
Total
Mark
3 (a) HCl 1 1

(b) (i) No changes // blue litmus paper remain unchanged 1 1

(ii) Consist of molecule // no hydrogen ion / H
+


1 1
(c) (i) 1. Helps acid to ionizes / dissociate

2. Produce hydrogen ion / H
+
//
HCl H
+
+ Cl
-

[ award pt 2 if write correct equation]
1


1



2
(ii) 2H
+
+ CO
3
2-
CO
2
+ H
2
O

1. Correct reactants and products
2. Balanced equation



1
1




2
(iii) 1. Effervescence // bubbles of gas
2. `Pop` sound

1
1

2
(iv) Acid only shows its acidic properties when dissolve in water
// H
+
/ hydrogen ions are responsible for acid to show their
properties.



1

1
Total 10

























No 4 Explanation Mark mark
(a)(i) Able to state the energy conversion
Answer
Chemical Electrical


1


1
(ii) Able to state the negative terminal & reason
Answer
Magnesium / Mg
Magnesium / Mg is more electropositive // higher position in
Electrochemical Series // higher tendency to release electron


1

1




2
(iii) Able to write the half equation
Answer
Mg Mg
2 +
+ 2e


1


1
(iv) Able to state the observation
Sample answer
Brown solid deposited // copper electrode becomes thicker



1


1
(b)(i) Able to state the ions present
Answer
Na
+
, Cl
-
, H
+
, OH
-



1


1
(ii) Able to name the gas collected
Answer
Chlorine



1


1
(iii) Able to calculate the volume of gas collected

1. No. of mole of gas = 12 / 24 000 // 0.0005
2. Mass of gas = 0.0005 x 71 g
= 0.0355 g



1
1
1



3
Total

10


Question No Mark Scheme
Sub
Mark
Total
Mark
5 (a) C
3
H
8
O
[ r : C
3
H
7
OH ]

1 1

(b) 1. No. of mole of carbon dioxide = 0.1 X 3 // 0.3

2. Volume of carbon dioxide = 0.3 x 24 dm
3
// 7.2 dm
3
//
7200 cm
3


1

1


2

(c) (i) Compound that contain carbon and hydrogen only

1 1
(ii)





water
1. Functional diagram
2. Label : water








1
1








2
(d) (i) Oxidation 1

1
(ii) Propanoic acid

[ r : formula ]

1

1
(e) (i)











H O H H H
| || | | |
H C C O C C C H
| | | |
H H H H


[ a: CH
3
COOC
3
H
7
]








1










1




(ii) To increase rate of reaction // As a catalyst

1 1
Total 10










SOALAN 6

6 a The amount of heat energy released when one mol of
precipitate formed from its ion
1

b(i)

Heat released= mcQ

= 100 x 4.2 x 3.5 show working ...1 m
= 14700 J



1
1.....2

ii

No of moles of Ag
+
= 0.5 x 50
1000

= 0.025 mol


No of moles of Cl
-
= 0.5 x 50
1000

= 0.025 mol





1




1
............2

iii

Heat of precipitation = 14700 J
0.025

= - 588 kJ/mol


1

1.........2

c

Energy

Ag
+
+ Cl
-


AgCl

Label energy,anak panah .........................1
2 aras yg betul utk exothermic rection .....................1
3 formula bahan dan hasil yang betul










3

d

Ag
+
+ Cl
-
AgCl

1



11







BAHAGIAN B
7 (a) 1.Smaller pieces of charcoal has larger/bigger total surface total area
2.Smaller pieces of charcoal is easier to burn when exposed to oxygen
3.More heat is produced by smaller pieces of charcoal than big pieces
4.More heat is absorbed by the food
1
1
1
1 4
(b) (i) ) 40/160 // 0.25 cm
3
s
-1
1

(ii) ) Zn + H
2
SO
4
ZnSO
4
+ H
2

1. Correct formula od reactants
2. Correct formula of products
3. Mol of H
2
SO
4
= 0.5 X 50/1000 // 0.025

From equation, 1 mol of H
2
SO
4
1 mol of H
2

4. If 0.025 mol of H
2
SO
4
0.025 mol of H
2


5.
Volume of H
2
= 0.025 x 24 dm
3
//0.6 dm
3
//


0.025 x 24000//600 cm
3

1+1




1
1
1
5
(iii)
Expt I and II
1.Rate of reaction of expt I is higher
2.The size of zinc in Expt I is smaller
3.Total surface area of zinc in Expt I is bigger/larger
4.The frequency of collision between zinc atom and hydrogen ion/H
+
in Expt I is
higher
5. The frequency of effective collision between particles in Exp I is higher
Expt II and III
1. Rate of reaction in Expt II is higher
2.The concentration of sulphuric acid in Exp II is higher
3. The no. of H
+
per unit volume in Expt II is higher/greater in Expt II// the
concentration of hydrogen ion in Expt II is higher
4. The frequency of collision between zinc atom and H
+
in Expt II is higher
5. The frequency of effective collision in Expt II is higher


1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1 10
Total 20

8 (a) (i) A mixture of two or more elements
with a certain fixed composition in which the major component is a
metal.
1
1
2
(ii) 1. Improve the appearance
2. Improve the strength and hardness
3. Increase the resistance to corrosion
[Any two corrections]

1+1

2
(b) (i) Bronze is harder than copper.

1
(ii) 1. Pure copper is made up of same type of atoms and are of the
same size.
2. The atoms are arranged in an orderly manner.
3. The layer of atoms can slide over each other.
4. Bronze is made up of atoms of different size//
In bronze, tin atoms and copper atoms are of different size.
5. The atoms are not orderly arranged// The presence of tin atoms
disturb the orderly arrangement of copper atoms.
6. This reduces/prevents the layer of copper atoms from sliding.


1

1
1

1

1
1
Max5
(iii) Pure copper:




[minimum 3 3 layers ]

Bronze:










1







1+1

3
(c) (i) Sulphur trioxide is dissolved in concentrated sulphuric acid to form oleum.
Oleum is diluted with water to produce sulphuric acid.

1
1
(ii) SO
3
+ H
2
SO
4
H
2
S
2
O
7

H
2
S
2
O
7
+ H
2
O 2H
2
SO
4


1
1

(iii) Moles of S = moles of sulphur
= 48 / 32 =1.5
Volume of SO
2
= 1.5 24 dm
3

= 36 dm
3


1




1
7

Total 20



Tin atom
Copper atom
Copper atom


9 (a (i)) Oxidation number of Aluminium : +3
Oxidation number of Copper : +1
1
1

2
(ii) Aluminium oxide
Copper (I) Oxide
1
1

2
(iii) Oxidation number is not written as Al has only one oxidation
number.
Oxidation number of copper is written as Copper has more than
one oxidation number
1

1


2
1. Example :

CuSO
4
+ Zn ZnSO
4
+ Cu

2. Copper ion undergoes reduction

3. Oxidation number of copper decreases from
+2 to 0.
4. Zinc atom undergoes oxidation
5. Oxidation number of zinc increases from
0 to +2


6. NaOH + HCl NaCl + H
2
O


7. no change in oxidation number
8. The reaction is not a redox reaction


1
1

1
1
1

1


1
1












..8
(a) (i) 1. potassium hexacyanoferrat (III)- to detect Fe
2+
ion
2. Phenolfthalein - to detect OH
-

1
1
2
(ii) Fe Fe
2+
+ 2e 1 1
(iii) Test tube B.
Iron/Ferum is more electropositive than P.
1
1

2
(iv) Q, Fe, P 1

Total 20






10 (a)(i) Lead(II) nitrate: Acid reacts with base/ metal oxide/ metal
hydroxide/ metal carbonate/ metal
Lead(II) sulphate: Precipitation reaction
1

1

(a)(ii) Lead(II) nitrate solution and [any suitable solution which
contains sulphate ion, SO
4
2-
]
1+1

(b) 1. Pour [20 -100] cm
3
nitric acid to a beaker
2. Add PbO/PbCO
3
in small portion
3. Stirring after each addition
4. Until some solid remains unreacted
5. Filter off excess
6. Evaporate until a 1/3 of volume of solution.
7. Leave to cool until crystal form
8 .Filter and dried between filter paper
9.+ 10 . PbO + 2HNO
3
Pb(NO
3
)
2
+ H
2
O
PbCO
3
+ 2HNO
3
Pb(NO
3
)
2
+ CO
2
+ H
2
O
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1+1

(c) 1. Add barium chloride solution to each solution
2. Sodium sulphate and sulphuric acid produce a white
precipitate
3. The one that does not produce a precipitate is hydrochloric
acid
4. Add sodium carbonate to the two remaining solutions
5. Sulphuric acid produces gas bubbles
6. Sodium sulphate does not produce gas bubbles
Note: There are other methods that can be used here.
1
1

1

1
1
1

Total 20