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ENGLISH SUFFIXES

Suffixes (word-endings) come at the end of a word. They show whether the word is a verb, noun, adjective, or adverb. Learning
these word-endings can help you recognize a noun, adjective, verb, or adverb.
Noun Suffixes
These are common endings for nouns. f you see these endings on a word, then you !now it must be a noun.
-dom
wisdom(n)
!ingdom(n)
at the end of a word means"
- state or condition
- domain, position, ran!
- a group with position, office, or ran!
wise#dom means the state of understanding what is good, right and lasting
!ing#dom means the domain or area belonging to a !ing.
-ity
capability(n)
fle$ibility(n)
at the end of a word means condition or %uality of &&&&&&&&&&.
capable#ity means the condition of being capable.
fle$ible#ity means the %uality of being fle$ible.
-ment
contentment(n)
at the end of a word means act of &&&&&&&&&&' state of &&&&&&&&&&' result of
content#ment means the state of being satisfied (content).
-sion, -tion
celebration (n)
at the end of a word means act of &&&&&&&&&&' state of &&&&&&&&&&.
celebrate#tion means the act of celebrating
-ness
toughness (n)
at the end of a word means state of &&&&&&&&&&.
tough#ness means the state of being tough.
-ance, -ence
assistance (n)
at the end of a word means act of &&&&&&&&&&' state of &&&&&&&&&&' %uality of
assist#ance means act of giving help.
-er, -or
fighter (n)
actor (n)
at the end of a word means one who &&&&&&&&&&' that which &&&&&&&&&&.
fight#er means one who fights
act#or means one who acts.
-ist
violinist (n)
at the end of a word also means one who &&&&&&&&&&' that which &&&&&&&&&&.
violin#ist means one who plays the violin.
Adjective Suffixes
These are common word endings for adjectives.
-ive
e$tensive(adj)
selective(adj)
at the end of a word means doing or tending toward doing some action
e$tend#ive means doing something large in range or amount
select#ive means tending to select.
-en
wooden (adj)
at the end of a word means made of &&&&&&&&&&.
wood#en means made of wood.
(ote" )hen the word is an adjective, the -en means made of &&&&&&&&&&. )e have seen -en at the
end of a verb. There it means to ma!e &&&&&&&&&&.
-ic
heroic (adj)
poetic (adj)
at the end of a word means characteristic of&&&&&&&&&&' li!e &&&&&&&&&&.
hero#ic means characteristic of a hero.
poet#ic means characteristic of (or li!e) poets or poetry.
-al
financial (adj)
manual (adj)
sometimes ma!es an adjective' when it ma!es an adjective it means relating to
finance#al means relating to finance. (*inance means money.)
manu#al means relating to the hand. (+anus means hand in Latin.)
-able
portable (adj)
pleasurable
(adj)
at the end of a word means able &&&&&&&&&&' can &&&&&&&&&&' or giving
port#able means can be carried' able to be carried.
pleasure#able means giving pleasure.
-y
hairy (adj)
rainy (adj)
at the end of a word means having &&&&&&&&&&.
hair#y means having hair (a lot of hair).
rain#y means having rain.
-ous
mysterious (adj)
at the end of a word means full of &&&&&&&&&&' having &&&&&&&&&&.
mystery#ous means full of mystery.
-ful
hopeful (adj)
beautiful (adj)
at the end of a word means full of &&&&&&&&&&' having &&&&&&&&&&.
hope#ful means full of hope.
beauty#ful means full of beauty.
(ote" The suffi$ -ful is always spelled with one l' the word full has two.
-less
powerless (adj)
homeless(adj)
at the end of a word means without &&&&&&&&&&.
power#less means without power.
home#less means without a home.
Verb Suffixes
These are common endings for verbs. f you see these endings on a word, then the word is most li!ely a verb.
-en
brighten (v)
soften (v)
at the end of a word means to ma!e &&&&&&&&&&.
bright#en means to ma!e bright.
soft#en means to ma!e soft.
-ize
publicize (v)
at the end of a word means to ma!e &&&&&&&&&&.
public#ize means to ma!e public or to ma!e the public aware of.
-ate
activate(v)
differentiate(v)
at then end of a word means to have or be characterized by &&&&&&&&&&.
active#ate means to ma!e active.
different#ate means to ma!e or show a difference.
-ify or -fy
simplify(v)
at the end of a word means to cause to become or to ma!e.
simple#ify means to ma!e simple or simpler.
Adverb Suffixes
This is the most common ending for an adverb. f you see this ending on a word, you can be fairly certain that it is an adverb.
,owever, !eep in mind that not all adverbs end this way.
-ly
%uic!ly (adv)
at the end of a word almost always ma!es an adverb' occasionally it will ma!e an adjective.
%uic!#ly.
Adjectives with suffixes
Fill in the blanks with an adjective derived from the word given.
-. +y car is really very &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(economic) .
.. There was a &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(comedy) opera on T/ last night.
0. ,e1s a very&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& (ambition) man.
2. The school organises &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(education) visits.
3. 4he cries a lot because she1s really very&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& (sense) .
5. They held a long&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& (philosophy) discussion about the subject.
6. The plane was caught in an &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&-(electricity) storm.
7. haven1t had a very&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& (product) day.
8. )e visited a &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(history) house last wee!end.
-9. love&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& (classic) music.
2. Word building
-. :uring the last years, there was a great&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& (improve) in science and medicine.
.. )hen +ar! entered the house, his mother loo!ed at him in &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(astonish) .
0. The teacher fell on the floor and the !ids roared with &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(laugh) .
2. There was a feeling of&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& (sad) in her eyes.
3. Tim has always shown a lot of&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& (interest) on stamps.
5. :o you have&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& (permit) to go out;
6. need an (enlarge) &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& of this photograph.
7. :ue to the fog, all flights had a delayed&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& (arrive) .
8. <ttention, please= have an important &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(announce) to ma!e.
-9. The central ban! has promised a &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(reduce) in interest rates
--. The judge told him it was &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(responsible) to drin! and drive, and banned him for a year.
-.. 4he divorced him because of his&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& (!ind) to the children.
-0. The !eys were loc!ed inside the car. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(luc!), a side window was open.
-2. Thousands of people are living in &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(miserable) after the terrible earth%ua!e.
-3. ,er boss accused her of being over- &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(ambition) .
-5. This poem shows the wonderful &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(sensitive) of the poet.
-6. The evening was&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& (enjoy) )e spent it playing cards and tal!ing.
-7. :ue to the cler!1s &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(stubborn), we missed the train.
-8. The thing hate about >ohn is his &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(reliable) .
.9. 4he upset him with a &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(tact) remar! about his big nose..
. Fill the ga!s with the adjectives in brackets.
- ,e1s such a monotonous spea!er. was &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& stiff. (bored ? boring)
. +ost se%uels are &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&. (disappointed ? disappointing)
0 had such a &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& day went straight to bed. (tired ? tiring)
2 @veryone1s very &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& about the news. (e$cited ? e$citing)
3 That lamp produces a very &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& effect. (pleased ? pleasing)
5 The whole school was &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& by the tragic event. (saddened ? saddening)
6 don1t li!e watching &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& films on my own. (depressed ? depressing)
7 was &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& when she told me she1d got divorced. (amazed ? amazing)
8 ,e1s such a &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& guy. ,e only ever tal!s about himself. (bored ? boring)
-9 1m very &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& in films and theatre. (interested ? interesting)
-- (o one !new what would happen ne$t. )e were all &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& . (intrigued ? intriguing)
-. t was a very &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& situation. (interested ? interesting)
-0 There1s been some very &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& news. (surprised ? surprising)
-2 ,is mother was &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& by what she found under his bed. (disgusted ? disgusting)
-3 Their hamburgers are &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& . (disgusted ? disgusting)
-5 :ad always arrives home from wor! thoroughly &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& . (e$hausted ? e$hausting)
-6 ,e1s always showing off. t1s really &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& . (annoyed ? annoying)
-7 thin! <le$ is one of the most &&&&&&&&&&&& people 1ve ever met. ,e can1t !eep still for a second. (annoyed ? annoying)
-8 wal!ed into the pub and saw <ndy with a strange woman. ,e seemed really &&&&&&&&&. (embarrassed ? embarrassing)
.9 4he !ept tal!ing about her boyfriend problems all night. t was rather &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& . (embarrassed ? embarrassing)