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Index Number

MAURITIUS EXAMINATIONS SYNDICATE


The Certificate of Primary Education Examination
October 2014

HISTORY & GEOGRAPHY


(Subject Code No. 142)

Time:

1 hour
For Markers Use Only

Instructions to Candidates
1.

2.

Section/
Question

Check that this question paper


contains 4 questions printed on
12 pages numbered 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13.

You should not use red ink in


answering questions.

4.

Write all your answers clearly on


the question paper.

Marks

1A

Write your Index Number on the


question paper in the space
provided above.

3.

MARKING

1B
2
3

B
4

5.

TOTAL

Attempt all questions.


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Mauritius Examinations Syndicate

Sig

REVISION
Marks

Sig

CONTROL
Marks

Sig

Marks

SECTION A
For each item in Questions 1A and 1B, circle the letter which shows the correct answer.
Example:

Mauritius is found in the

Arctic Ocean.

Atlantic Ocean.

Indian Ocean.

Pacific Ocean.

Question 1A (16 marks) (Mauritius)


Study Map 1 and then answer items 1 to 5.
Map 1

Triolet

Rivire
du
Rempart
Pieter Both
Mountain

F
Bambous

G
E

km

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1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Mountain E is

Le Morne Mountain.

Tourelle du Tamarin.

Piton de la Petite Rivire Noire.

Lion Mountain.

Sugar Mill

Marks

F is

F.U.E.L.

Mdine.

Belle Vue.

Savannah.

Historical place G where the Dutch landed in Mauritius is

Cap Malheureux.

Souillac.

Port Louis.

Ferney.

What is the direction of Rivire du Rempart village from Pieter Both Mountain?

North East

South East

South West

North West

The distance in a straight line from Triolet to Rivire du Rempart is about

12 km.

15 km.

18 km.

21 km.

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Study Map 2 which shows the Indian Ocean region. Then answer items 6 to 8.
Map 2
New Delhi

J
Nairobi

Jakarta

jj
Gaborone

6.

Which one of these capital cities is nearest to the Equator?

A
B
C
D
7.

Jakarta
New Delhi

Nairobi

Group of islands H is the

A
B
C
D
8.

Gaborone

Chagos Archipelago.
Comoros.
Seychelles.
Maldives.

Port J from which Indian indentured labourers came to Mauritius during British rule is

A
B
C
D

Madras (Chennai).
Colombo.
Bombay (Mumbai).

Kolkata (Calcutta).

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Marks

Question 1B (16 marks)

1.

Marks

Diagram 1 shows a deep and steep river valley.

Diagram 1

A deep and steep river valley is called a

2.

3.

4.

crater.

gorge.

ridge.

hill.

In Rodrigues, volcanic ash and dust solidified to form


A

limestone.

basalt.

tuffs.

corals.

The land use in an area where crops are grown is known as

industrial land use.

recreational land use.

residential land use.

agricultural land use.

A powerful earthquake under the sea may cause a

tropical cyclone.

volcanic eruption.

tsunami.

flash flood.

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5.

6.

7.

8.

Which one of these plants was introduced in Ile de France from China?

Manioc

Ayapana

Nutmeg

Tea

The last Governor of Ile de France Charles Decaen built the

Government House in Port Louis.

village of Mahebourg.

port of Souillac.

Botanical Gardens at Pamplemousses.

During the British period, many people left Port Louis and went to live in the
Plaine Wilhems because of the

malaria disease.

destructive cyclones.

abolition of slavery.

closing down of sugar mills.

Which one of these dependencies exported coconuts to Mauritius during the British period?

Seychelles

Saint Brandon

Rodrigues

Agalega

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Marks

Question 2 (28 marks)

Marks

1. Study carefully Picture 1 and Picture 2. Then answer questions (a) and (b).
Picture 1: National Park

Picture 2: Chimney of old sugar mill

Tick () the box showing the correct answer.


(a)

Which one should be protected as a historical monument?


National park

(b)

Chimney of old sugar mill

Which one is important for ecotourism?


National park

2.

Chimney of old sugar mill

Many tourists visit Rodrigues nowadays.


Complete sentences (a) to (e) with suitable words. Choose the correct words from the
list given below.
Caverne Patate
market

airport
guest houses

craft

Ile Cocos

One example has been done for you.

airport
(a) The place where airplanes land with tourists is the ...
.
(b) In the area of Port Mathurin, many tourists stay in
(c) One tourist attraction at Plaine Corail is

...

.....

(d) Tourists like to visit the bird sanctuary at

...

(e) Tourism creates jobs in .... industries.

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3.

Study Map 3 which shows contour lines for the height of the land in Rodrigues. Then
answer questions (a) and (b).
Map 3

contour line
settlement
Port-Mathurin

Mont Lubin

Marchal

(a) In Map 3, shade like this

the land which is more than 300 metres high.

(b) Which place (settlement) has the lowest temperature?

4.

Fill in the blanks in sentences (a) to (d) with the names of important personalities
in the past. Choose from the list of names given below.
Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo

Sir Robert Farquhar

Sir John Shaw Rennie

Captain Willoughby

Pierre Poivre

(a) The British officer who fought against the French in the Battle of Grand Port in
August 1810 was ... .
(b) After 1810, the first Governor of the British Colony of Mauritius was
....

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Marks

(c) After independence in 1968, .... became


the first Governor General of Mauritius.

(d) In 1992, the first president of the Republic of Mauritius was


....

5.

Study Map 4 which shows the Bay of Grand Port. Then answer questions (a) and (b).
Map 4

Vieux
Grand Port

Ile aux Fouquets

X
Mahebourg

Ile aux Aigrettes

(a)

Name small island

X which the British captured in August 1810 to attack the French.

...........................................................................................................................................................

(b)

Why did the French build a fort on small island

X?

Give one reason.

............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Marks

SECTION B
Question 3 (20 marks)
1.

Study Maps 5 (a) and 5 (b) which show areas under sugar cane cultivation in 1835 and
in 1870.
Map 5 (a): Areas under sugar cane
in 1835

(a)

Map 5 (b): Areas under sugar cane


in 1870

In which part of Mauritius was sugar cane mostly grown in 1835?


...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

(b)

Give two reasons why the areas under sugar cane cultivation increased between
1835 and 1870.
(i)

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

(ii)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Marks

2.

Picture 3 shows the Aapravasi Ghat in Port Louis.

Marks

Picture 3

The Aapravasi Ghat has been declared a World Heritage Site. Give one reason why.
...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

During the French period, Port Louis became a busy port and town
in Ile de France.

3.

(a)

Name the French Governor who built the port and town of Port Louis.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

(b)

Give two reasons why Port Louis became the most important port and town of Ile
de France.
(i)

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

(ii)

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Marks

Question 4 (20 marks)


1.

Study carefully Picture 4 which shows one environmental problem. Then answer
questions (a) and (b).
Picture 4

(a)

What is the environmental problem which is affecting some coastal areas?


...........................................................................................................................................................

(b)

Give two damages which this problem may cause to the environment.
(i)

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

(ii)

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

2.

Study Diagram 2 which shows one type of rainfall in Mauritius and Rodrigues.
Diagram 2

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Now answer questions (a) and (b).


(a)

Marks

Name the type of rainfall shown in Diagram 2.


...........................................................................................................................................................

(b)

(i) Which one of places A, B or C receives the least rainfall?


..............................................................................................................................................................................

(ii) Give one reason why.


.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

3. (a)

Market gardening is called commercial farming. Give one reason why.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Picture 5: A greenhouse

(b)

Picture 5 shows market gardening in a greenhouse. Give one reason why


greenhouses are being used in market gardening today.
.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Marks

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