Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 12

OBJECTIVES QUESTIONS

ELECTRIC CIRCUITS
1. Resistivity of a wire depends on
(a) length (b) material
(c) cross section area (d) none of the above
2. Two bulbs marked 200 watt-250 volts and 00 watt-250 volts are !oined in
series to 250 volts supply" #ower consumed in circuit is
(a) $$ watt (b) %& watt
(c) 00 watt (d) $00 watt
3. ' circuit contains two un-e(ual resistances in parallel
(a) current is same in both
(b) large current flows in larger resistor
(c) potential difference across each is same
(d) smaller resistance has smaller conductance
4. )onductance is e*pressed in terms of
(a) ohm+m (b) m+ohm
(c) mho+m (d) mho
5. Two resistances R
1
and R
2
give combined resistance of ,"5 ohms when in series
and ohm when in parallel" The resistances are
(a) $ ohms and % ohms (b) $ ohms and - ohms
(c) "5 ohms and $ ohms (d) "5 ohms and 0"5 ohms
6. .hen have three resistances of values 2/ $ and %" .hich of the following
combination will give an effective resistance of , ohms0
(a) 'll the three resistances in parallel
(b) 2 resistance in series with parallel combination of $ ohm and % ohm
resistance
(c) $ ohm resistance in series with parallel combination of 2 ohm and % ohm
resistance
(d) % ohm resistance in series with parallel combination of 2 ohm and $ ohm
resistance"
7. Two kilo ohm/ 1 . resistors are connected in series" Their combined
resistance value and wattage will be
(a) 2k/ 1 . (b) 2k/ .
(c) 2k/ 2 . (d) k/ 1 .
8. .hich method can be used for absolute measurement of resistances0
(a) 2hm3s law method (b) .heatstone bridge method
(c) Releigh method (d) 4ortent5 method
9. Three $ ohm resistors are connected to form a triangle" .hat is the resistance
between any two of the corners0
(a) 6 ohms (b) $ohms
(c) 2 ohms (d) ,+$ ohms
10. 2hm3s law is not applicable to
(a) dc circuits (b) high currents
(c) small resistors (d) semi-conductors
11. 2hm3s law is not applicable in all the following cases Except
(a) 7lectrolytes (b) 'rc lamps
(c) 8nsulators (d) 9acuum ratio values
12. The element of electric heater is made of
(a) copper (b) steel
(c) carbon (d) nichrome
13. .hich of the following has negative temperature coefficient0
(a) :rass (b) ;ercury
(c) 7lectrolytes (d) <ilver
14. 9ariable resistors are
(a) .ire wound resistors (b) Thin film resistors
(c) Thick film resistors (d) 'l of the above
15. 4ow resistance can be accurately measured by
(a) =elvin bridge (b) .heat stone bridge
(c) .ein3s bridge (d) >one of the above
16. Temperature coefficient of resistance is e*pressed in terms of
(a) ohms+ohms
0
) (b) mhos+ohm
0
)
(c) mhos+
0
) (d) ohms+
0
)
17. .hich material is e*pected to have least resistivity0
(a) )opper (b) 4ead
(c) ;ercury (d) ?inc
18. The resistance temperature coefficient is defined as
(a) increase in resistance per degree centigrade
(b) decrease in resistance per degree centigrade
(c) the ratio of increase in resistance per degree centigrade
to the resistance at 0
0
)
(d) the ratio of increases in resistance per degree centigrade
to the rate of rise of resistance at 0
0
)
19. @or a fi*ed supply voltage the current flowing through a conductor will
decrease when
(a) cross-sectional area of the conductor is increased
(b) length of the conductor is reduced
(c) length of the conductor is reduced
(d) cross-sectional area is increased and length is decreased
20. .hen current flows through heater coil it glows but supply wiring does not
glow because
(a) supply wiring is covered with insulation layer
(b) current through supply line flows at slower speed
(c) supply wires are made of superior material
(d) resistance of heater coil is more than that supply wires
21. The resistance of 00 ./ 200 . lamp is
(a) 00 (b) 200
(c) ,00 (d) %00
22. .hen checked with an ohm meter an open resistor reads
(a) 5ero (b) high but not 5ero
(c) low but not 5ero (d) infinite
23. .hich of the following carbon coded resistor has value of 0 k with 20A
tolerance0
(a) Red/ red/ green and silver stripes
(b) Bellow/ violet/ yellow and silver stripes
(c) 2range/ orange/ black and gold stripes
(d) :rown/ black/ orange and no tolerance band
24. The form factor of a 2209/ 50 C5 '")" wave form is
(a) "5 (b) ",
(c) " (d) 0"D5
25. The form factor of dc supply voltage is always
(a) 5ero (b) 0"5
(c) unity (d) infinite
26. The capacitors for power factor correction are rated in terms of
(a) 9oltage (b) 9'
(c) k. (d) =9'R
27. #oor power factor results in all of the following 7E)7#TF
(a) overloading of transformers
(b) overloading of alternators
(c) reduction in power losses
(d) reduction in load handling capacity of electrical system
28. #ower factor of an inductive circuit can be improved by connecting a capacitor
to it in
(a) series (b) parallel
(c) either series or parallel (d) depends on the value of the capacitor
29. The effects due to electric current are
8" ;agnetic effect
88" Ceating effect
888" 4uminous effect
'ppliance working on which effect can be used on ac as well as dc supply0
(a) 8 only (b) 88 only
(c) 88 and 888 only (d) 8/ 88 and 888
30. .hen a"c" flows through a resistance/ then
(a) current leads emf (b) current lags emf
(c) current and e"m"f" are inphase (d) none of the above
31. The power factor of incandescent bulb is
(a) 0"D lagging (b) 0"D leading
(c) unity (d) 5ero
32. ' incandescent bulb can work on
(a) ac only (b) dc only
(c) both ac as well as dc(d) depend on the shape of the coil
33. .hich will draw least current
(a) ,0 . lamp (b) ,0 . tube light
(c) ,0 . induction
34. ' %0 . soldering iron is operated from the %0 C5 power line" The resistance
of the soldering iron is
(a) 0 ohms (b) 25"5 ohms
(c) 5"5 ohms (d) &5"% ohms
35. 8n a"c" circuits/ the a"c" meters measure
(a) r"m"s" values (b) peak values
(c) mean value (d) mean s(uare values
36. ' capacitor
(a) offers easy path to a"c" but blocks d"c"
(b) offers easy path to d"c" but blocks a"c"
(c) offers easy path to both a"c" and d"c"
(d) block a"c"
37. The unit of inductive susceptance is
(a) Cenry (b) ;illi-henry
(c) <iemens (d) 2hms
38. 'n inductor supplied with 509 ac with a fre(uency of 0 kC5 passes a current
of &"-% m'" The value of inductor is
(a) mC (b) 0 mC
(c) 00 mC (d) C
39. 8n a"c" circuit/ the power is consumed only in
(a) inductance (b) capacitance
(c) resistance (d) all the given above
40. 'n electric bulb rated 220 9 is connected 220 9/ 5 C5 source" Then/ the bulb
(a) does not glow (b) glows intermitteltly
(c) glows continuously (d) fuses
41. .hich of the following refers to a parallel circuit0
(a) The e(uivalent resistance is greater than any one of the resistors
(b) The current through any one element is less than the source current
(c) The current through each element is the same
(d) The voltage across element is in proportion to its resistance value
42. )apacitive susceptance is e*pressed in terms of
(a) @arads (b) ;icro-farads
(c) <iemens (d) 2hms
43. 'dmittance is the reciprocal of
(a) capacitive reactance (b) inductive reactance
(c) reactive power (d) impedance
44. .hich of the following case represents the largest mmf0
(a) ' 20-turn coil wound around a 0 cm iron core and passing a current of $ '
(b) ' %0-turn coil wound around a 0 cm iron core and passing a current of '
(c) ' 00-turn coil wound around a $0 cm carboard core and passing a
current of 0"&5'
45. .attless current is possible/ only in
(a) resistive circuit (b) non-resistive circuit
(c) 4R-circuit (d) 4)R-circuit
46. ' series R4 circuit is to operate at fre(uencies in the range of 00 C5/ %00 C5"
8t is re(uired that the current lags the source vltage by at least $0
0
over this
range" 8f R G 000 ohms/ the appropriate value of 4 will be
(a) 0"-2 C (b) -$2 C
(c) 0"-2 mC (d) -"2 mC
47. ' mC inductance and 0 @ capacitance when connected in series to an a"c"
source/ possess e(ual reactance" The angular fre(uency of the a"c" source is
(a) 0
,
(b) 00
(c) 0 (d) 200
48. 8n a series R) circuit as fre(uency increases
(a) current increases (b) current decreases
(c) remains unaltered
49. ' non-linear network does not satisfy
(a) homogeneity condition
(b) super-position condition
(c) both homogeneity as well as super-position condition
(d) homogeneity/ super-position and associative condition
50. ' non-linear network does not satisfy
(a) homogeneity condition
(b) super-position condition
(c) both homogeneity as well as super-position condition
(d) homogeneity/ super-position and associative condition
51. 'n ideal current source has 5ero
(a) internal conductance (b) internal resistance
(c) voltage on no load (d) ripple
52. ' terminal where three or more branches meet is known as
(a) combination (b) terminus
(c) anode (d) node
53. ' closed path made by several branches of the network is known as
(a) circuit (b) branch
(c) !unction (d) loop
54. .hich of the following has non-linear 9-8 characteristics0
(a) 9acuum diode (b) Transistor
(c) @ilament bulb (d) 'll of the above
55. =irchhoff3s law is applicable to
(a) ') circuits only (b) H) circuits only
(c) ') as well as H) circuits (d) passive network only
56. 'n ideal voltage source
(a) has terminal voltage proportion to current
(b) has terminal voltage in proportion to load
(c) has 5ero internal resistance
(d) has open circuit voltage nearly e(ual to the voltage on full load
57. .hich of the following is bilateral element0
(a) constant voltage source (b) constant current source
(c) capacitance
58. ' network which contain one or more than one source of emf is known as
(a) active network (b) passive network
(c) electric network (d) non-linear network
59. ' coil with 000 turns carrying a current of D amperes produces a flu* of %*0
-
D
.b" The inductance of the coil will be
(a) 0"000&5 C (b) 0"00&5 C
(c) 0"0&5 C (d) 0"0&5 C
60. The inductance of a coil can be increased by
(a) increasing core length
(b) using core material of high relative permeability
(c) reducing number of turns
(d) any of the above
61. The inductive reactance of an ac circuit having 0"0D henry inductance at %0 C5
fre(uency will be
(a) 0 (b) 20
(c) 25 (d) $0
62. 'n air gap provided in the iron core of an inductor prevents
(a) flu* leakage (b) hysteresis loss
(c) core saturation (d) heat generation
63. ' coil with 000 turns carrying a current of D ' produces a flu* of % * 0
-%
.b"
The inductance of the coil would be
(a) 0"&5 C (b) 0"0&5 C
(c) 0"00&5 C (d) 0"000&5 C
64. The inductance of a circuit is % henrys an a current of % amperes flows
through it" The energy stored will be
(a) ,, !oules (b) 2DD !oules
(c) 55% !oules (d) 5$% !oules
65. 'n inductor stores energy in
(a) electrostatic field (b) electromagnetic field
(c) core (d) magnetic field
66. The current through an inductance follows
(a) a linear growth (b) a linear decay
(c) an e*ponential decay (d) an e*ponential growth
67. 't t G 0
I
with 5ero initial condition/ which of the following acts as open
circuit0
(a) inductor (b) capacitor
(c) resistor (d) all of the above
68. .ith 5ero initial conditions an inductor at t - will act as
(a) open circuit (b) short circuit
(c) a source of voltage (d) a source of current
69. #ower factor for a pure inductor is
(a) unity (b) 5ero
(c) infinite (d) 0"&0&
70. .hich statement about the inductance is incorrect0
(a) The inductance of a coil can be increased by adding few more turns to the
coil
(b) The inductive reactance varies directly as the fre(uency of the applied
voltage
(c) 8nductive reactance can be measured by an ohmmeter
(d) 'n inductance does not oppose direct currents
71. 't t G 0
I
with 5ero initial condition which of hte flowing will act as short
circuit0
(a) 8nductor (b) )apacitor
(c) Resistor (d) >one of the above
72. .ith some initial change at t G 0
I
/ a capacitor will act as
(a) a voltage source (b) a current source
(c) short circuit (d) open circuit
73. 'n ideal diode is
(a) current controlled resistor
(b) voltage controlled resistor
(c) neither current controlled nor voltage controlled resistor
(d) non-linear-time varying resistor
74. The super-position theorem is applicable to
(a) linear responses only
(b) linear and non-linear responses only
(c) linear/ non-linear and time variant responses
75. The super-position theorem is applicable to
(a) current only (b) voltage only
(c) both current and voltage (d) current/ voltage and power
76. ' star circuit has each element of resistance R+2" The e(uivalent delta elements
will be
(a) R (b) $R
(c) $+2 R (d) R+%
77. ' delta circuit has each element of value R+2" The e(uivalent elements of star
circuit will be
(a) 2R (b) %R
(c) $+2 R (d) R+%
78. 8n case of delta connected circuit/ when one resistor is open/ power will be
(a) 5ero (b) reduced to +$
(c) reduced by +$ (d) unaltered
79. @or three phase star connected circuit/
(a) 4ine voltage G phase voltage (b) 4ine currentG phase current
(c) 4ine current G $ phase current (d) >one of the above is true
80. .hich of the following is true for a three phase delta connected circuit
(a) 4ine voltage G phase voltage (b) 4ine currentG phase current
(c) 4ine current G +$ phase voltage (d) 4ine current G $ phase current
81. 8n three phase star connections/ line voltage is the same as
(a) phase voltage (b) +$ phase voltage
(c) $ phase voltage (d) $ phase current
82. 'pplication of >orton3s theorem to a circuit yields
(a) e(uivalent current source (b) e(uivalent impedance
(c) e(uivalent current source and impedance in series
(d) e(uivalent current source and impedance in parallel
83. < is the 4aplace transform of
(a) (l) (b) unit step function
(c) unit doublet (d) unit impulse function
84. ' unit ramp function when integrated yields
(a) unit parabolic (b) unit ramp function
(c) unit doublet (d) unit impulse function