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0348- The Codex Theodosianus

On Religion, 4th Century CE


C. Th. XV.xii.1: Bloody spectacles are not suitale !or ci"il ease and do#estic $uiet. %here!ore since &e ha"e
proscried gladiators, those &ho ha"e een accusto#ed to e sentenced to such &or' as punish#ent !or their
cri#es, you should cause to ser"e in the #ines, so that they #ay e punished &ithout shedding their lood.
Constantine (ugustus.
C. Th. XV).".1: )t is necessary that the pri"ileges &hich are esto&ed !or the culti"ation o! religion should e
gi"en only to !ollo&ers o! the Catholic !aith. %e desire that heretics and schis#atics e not only 'ept !ro# these
pri"ileges, ut e su*ected to "arious !ines. Constantine (ugustus.
C. Th. XV).x.4: )t is decreed that in all places and all cities the te#ples should e closed at once, and a!ter a
general &arning, the opportunity o! sinning e ta'en !ro# the &ic'ed. %e decree also that &e shall cease !ro#
#a'ing sacri!ices. (nd i! anyone has co##itted such a cri#e, let hi# e stric'en &ith the a"enging s&ord. (nd
&e decree that the property o! the one executed shall e clai#ed y the city, and that rulers o! the pro"inces e
punished in the sa#e &ay, i! they neglect to punish such cri#es. Constantine and Constans (ugusti.
C. Th. XV)."ii.1: The aility and right o! #a'ing &ills shall e ta'en !ro# those &ho turn !ro# Christians to
pagans, and the testa#ent o! such an one, i! he #ade any, shall e arogated a!ter his death. +ratian, Valentinian,
and Valens (ugusti.
C.Th. X)."ii.1,: -et the course o! all la& suits and all usiness cease on .unday, &hich our !athers ha"e rightly
called the -ord/s day, and let no one try to collect either a pulic or a pri"ate det0 and let there e no hearing o!
disputes y any *udges either those re$uired to ser"e y la& or those "oluntarily chosen y disputants. (nd he is
to e held not only in!a#ous ut sacrilegious &ho has turned a&ay !ro# the ser"ice and oser"ance o! holy
religion on that day. +ratian, Valentinian and Theodosius (ugusti.
C.Th. XV.".1: On the -ord/s day, &hich is the !irst day o! the &ee', on Christ#as, and on the days o! Epiphany,
Easter, and 1entecost, inas#uch as then the 2&hite3 gar#ents 2o! Christians3 sy#oli4ing the light o! hea"enly
cleansing ear &itness to the ne& light o! holy aptis#, at the ti#e also o! the su!!ering o! the apostles, the
exa#ple !or all Christians, the pleasures o! the theaters and ga#es are to e 'ept !ro# the people in all cities, and
all the thoughts o! Christians and elie"ers are to e occupied &ith the &orship o! +od. (nd i! any are 'ept !ro#
that &orship through the #adness o! 5e&ish i#piety or the error and insanity o! !oolish paganis#, let the# 'no&
that there is one ti#e !or prayer and another !or pleasure. (nd lest anyone should thin' he is co#pelled y the
honor due to our person, as i! y the greater necessity o! his i#perial o!!ice, or that unless he atte#pted to hold
the ga#es in conte#pt o! the religious prohiition, he #ight o!!end our serenity in sho&ing less than the usual
de"otion to&ard us0 let no one dout that our cle#ency is re"ered in the highest degree y hu#an'ind &hen the
&orship o! the &hole &orld is paid to the #ight and goodness o! +od. Theodosius (ugustus and Caesar
Valentinian.
C. Th.XV).i.6: %e desire that all the people under the rule o! our cle#ency should li"e y that religion &hich
di"ine 1eter the apostle is said to ha"e gi"en to the Ro#ans, and &hich it is e"ident that 1ope 7a#asus and
1eter, ishop o! (lexandria, a #an o! apostolic sanctity, !ollo&ed0 that is that &e should elie"e in the one deity
o! 8ather, .on, and 9oly .pirit &ith e$ual #a*esty and in the 9oly Trinity according to the apostolic teaching
and the authority o! the gospel. +ratian, Valentinian and Theodosius (ugusti.
C. Th. XV).".iii: %hene"er there is !ound a #eeting o! a #o o! :anichaeans, let the leaders e punished &ith a
hea"y !ine and let those &ho attended e 'no&n as in!a#ous and dishonored, and e shut out !ro# association
&ith #en, and let the house and the d&ellings &here the pro!ane doctrine &as taught e sei4ed y the o!!icers o!
the city. Valentinian and Valens (ugusti.
.ource:
Oli"er 5. Thatcher, ed., The Library of Original Sources ;:il&au'ee: <ni"ersity Research Extension Co., 1=>?@,
Vol. )V: The Early :edie"al %orld, pp. A=B?1.
The Codex Theodosianus ;Book of Theodosius@ &as a co#pilation o! the la&s o! the Ro#an E#pire under the
Christian e#perors since ,16. ( co##ission &as estalished y Theodosius )) in 46= and the co#pilation &as
pulished in 4,C. The Codex decreed that pagan schools, te#ples, and ga#es &ere !oridden, so that pagans
&ould no longer ha"e the opportunity to sin0 D...the pleasures o! the theaters and ga#es are to e 'ept !ro# the
people in all cities, and all the thoughts o! Christians and elie"ers are to e occupied &ith the &orship o! +od.D
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The Code &as so#e&hat ine!!ectual and Ro#an la& &as organi4ed !urther in the Corpus 5uris Ci"ilis during the
reign o! 5ustinian ).
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