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The Chinese University of Hong Kong
0
Course Examination 2nd Term, 2012-13

Course Code & Title : ....

Time allowed : ..... hours ............. minutes

Student I.D. No. : .... Name : .

paper.
There are a total of SIX questions. The questions are NOT arranged in an
increasing order of difficulties. Answer all questions.
Write all intermediate derivation steps. A correct final answer without
enough intermediate steps may not get full mark. A wrong final answer
with correct intermediate steps will give partial marks.
Good luck!
ENGG 1410 A/B/C/D/E

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30
Course Code :
ENGG 1410A/B/C/D/E 2 ( 3 ) Page 2 of 3

1. Consider the following linear system:
4x
1
- 8x
2
+ 3x
3
= 16
-x
1
+ 2x
2
- 5x
3
= -21
-3x
1
+ 6x
2
- x
3
= -7
(a) (15pt) Compute the solution(s) of the above linear system.
(b) (5pt) What is the rank of the augmented matrix?

2. Consider three vectors: a
1
=(2, 0,1,0), a
2
=(1, 2,0, 6), and a
3
=(2,1, -2, -1).
(a) (5pt) Prove that these three vectors are linearly independent.
(b) (5pt) What is the dimension of the vector space spanned by these three vectors?

3. Given a point x = (4,3), rotate it 30 counter-clockwise with respect to the origin and
then project it to the horizontal axis.
(a) (5pt) Determine the final new point y.
(b) (5pt) Compute the transformation matrix A corresponding to the rotation.
(c) (5pt) Compute the transformation matrix B corresponding to the projection.
(d) (5pt) Compute the matrix that corresponds to the overall linear transformation (rotation first
then projection) from x to y.

Course Code :
ENGG 1410A/B/C/D/E 3 ( 3 ) Page 3 of 3

4. Consider the following matrix
A =
1 !1
2 4
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(a) (12pt) Find the eigenvalues and the eigenvectors of A.
(b) (2pt) What is the spectrum of A?
(c) (3pt) What are the normalized eigenvectors of A?
(d) (3pt) What are the eigenspaces of the eigenvalues of A?

5. For symmetric, skew-symmetric and orthogonal matrices:
(a) (5pt) We know that any square matrix A is the sum of a symmetric matrix R and a skew-
symmetric matrix S. Show one 2x2 matrix example of A = R + S.
(b) (5pt) Is the following matrix B orthogonal matrix? Find its inverse B
-1
.
B =
0 1 0
0 0 1
1 0 0
!
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&
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&

6. For the following matrix
A =
0 0 2
0 2 0
2 0 0
!
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\$
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&
&

(a) (15pt) Find an eigenbasis of A, and diagonalize A.
(b) (3pt) What are similar matrices? Show two 2x2 similar matrices.
(c) (2pt) What are the conditions for an orthonormal basis of eigenvectors?