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Why was KSSR introduced?
Answer :

KSSR was introduced as an effort to restructure and improve the current curriculum to ensure that
students have the relevant knowledge, skills and values to face the challenges of the 21st century.

What is meant by a Standard Curriculum?
Answer :

KSSR was formulated based on a statement of standards. The statement of standards comprise of
content standards and learning standards which need to be achieved by a student in a specific
period and level of schooling. The Content and Learning standards are defined as follows:

- Contents Standards are specific statements on what the students must know and can do, within a
specific period of schooling, covering the areas of knowledge, skills and values.

- Learning Standards are set criteria or indicators of education quality and achievements which can
be measured for each content standard.

What is the difference between KSSR and KBSR?
Answer :
Curriculum design is based on 6 areas:
Spiritual, Attitude and Values
Physical and Aesthetical Development
Science and Technology
Curriculum design is based on 3 areas:
Man and his environment
Self-development of the individual
Curriculum Materials
Curriculum Standard documents
Curriculum Materials
Study syllabus
Design of the Curriculum:
Design of the Curriculum:
Organisation of the Curriculum:
Level I (Year 1, 2 & 3)
Basic Core Modules, Thematic Core
Modules and Elective Modules

Level II (Year 4, 5 & 6)
Core and Elective Subjects
Organisation of the Curriculum:
Level I (Year 1, 2 & 3)
Core, compulsory and additional subjects

Level II (Year 4, 5 & 6)
Core , Compulsory and Additional

The elements of creativity and Innovation,
entrepreneurial, information technology and
Elements of Analytical and creative thinking
4M (Reading, Writing, Counting and
3M (Reading, Writing and Counting)

Is there a change in subjects for Level 1 KSSR?
Answer :

Yes. In Year 1 KSSR, a new subject is introduced, and all knowledge disciplines are reorganized
within the form of Basic Core Modules, Thematic Core Modules, and Elective Modules, for more
effective curriculum management.

Why was Thematic Core Modules introduced?
Answer :

The Thematic Core Modules was introduced to reduce the number of subjects taken at Level One.
This module comprises the themes of the World of Art and World of Science and Technology. In the
World of Arts, two subjects are introduced, that is the Visual Arts and (Thematic) Music. Design,
Science and Technology (DST) contains elements of science, information and communication
technology, and Design and Technology.

Why wasnt Science made a Basic Core Module?
Answer :

Science was not made the core basic module because a core module emphasizes literacy and
numeracy, self-esteem and character and spiritual development. Science is introduced in the
Thematic Core Module to provide basic knowledge on the discipline of Science.

Why has the time allocated for teaching Islamic Studies at SJK (C) and SJK (T)
reduced compared to SK?
Answer :

At the SJK (C) and SJK (T), the allocated time for the teaching of Chinese and Tamil languages is
360 minutes each. If the allocation of time for Islamic studies is made to be in line with that in
National schools, this would mean that the students will finish school late, as total hours will exceed
1380 minutes a week.

Can the school allow streaming in KSSR?
Answer :

KSSR does not encourage streaming.

Will KSSR be able to produce a community with good character?
Answer :

Yes. The concept of KSSR contains core values for character building and self-image which will
ensure that through the curriculum and co-curriculum, a student is taught and guided to have the
skills of leadership, good character and high self-esteem.

Who will teach the World of Science and Technology?
Answer :

The most suitable teacher for this will be teachers with Science options.

Should Year 1 pupils learn Information and Communication Technology (ICT)?
Answer :

Yes. All Year 1 pupils must learn basic ICT skills to enable them to utilise the skills in various
Can Cross-curricular elements not be used in Teaching and Learning (T&L)?
Answer :

Cross-curricular elements need not be used for each session of T&L but need to be applied to the
appropriate T&L.
When will the ICT elements be taught in the World of Science and Technology?
Answer :

It is vital to teach basic ICT skills to Year 1 pupils and it is proposed that the skills are taught at the
beginning of the year. These basic skills can also be taught within the Science elements using ICT.
The ICT Elements can be fully mastered and therefore be reinforced through cross-curricullar
What are the minimum and maximum number of ICT content standard and learning
standard that is required per week?
Answer :

There is no minimum or maximum number set as each student has different level of abilities.
However all content and learning standards must be reached within a specified time as outlined by
the ICT document standard.
Will the students be bored in class with the additional time allocated for English
Answer :


No. There are various technics and methods that will be introduced by the teachers to keep the
students interested. The Language Arts module stresses on for learning and language appreciation.
An effective and interesting T&L for languages can be carried out through singing, jazz chants,
choral speaking, drama, music and other supporting teaching materials.
What should the teacher do if a student fails to meet the specified standards?
Answer :

The teacher is required to carry out continuous follow up activities such as to conduct revision to
ensure that the student eventually achieves the standard.
Will text books be provided for all Year 1 subjects?
Answer :

Yes, except for the World of Musical and Visual Arts, where text books will not be given. However,
there are guide books on this subject.
Will all students learn computers for Cross-Curricular Element Information and
Communication Technology (CCE-ICT)?
Answer :

For the CCE involving ICT (CCE-ICT), the student will use the ICT materials that are already
available in schools such as computers, cd, internet, and others according to the suitability of topics.
For teachers, the 3 approaches recommended to be applied for CCEICT are:

Students using laptop in class, computers at the access centres and at the computer labs for the
purpose of finishing work as required
Teachers using laptops with a LCD projector for the purpose of teaching using specific course
software and digital materials
Teachers using laptops with a LCD projector in class, carrying out interactive activities with
students, or teachers using the computer in computer labs for the purpose of T&L with students
How will the CCE-ICT be carried out if more than one teacher need to use the lab
at one time?
Answer :

The infrastructure available in schools, like computer labs, access points, and lap tops, have to be
used optimally by teachers in the CCE-ICT T&L. The administrator must also ensure that all
facilities are maintained in good order and can be accessed during the schooling period. In the
event a teacher wants to use the computer lab, the school must make available the schedules for
use and the reservation forms.
How will schools without internet access carry out computer based learning?
Answer :

All schools are given internet access through the MOE School Net network, and not all topics in
EMK-TMK (or CCE and ICT) will require internet access. If the school faces problems of internet
access, the school can contact the person responsible or the State Department of Education. The
school has been informed through KP.BTMK 1/044/01 Jld. 11 (11) dated 13 November 2008 that an
alternative access can be used.

What are the efforts that have been made to prepare teachers for KSSR?
Answer :

The MOE has carried out KSSR awareness courses to all teachers involved in carrying out KSSR.
Teachers are also given support materials and access to information from the MOE website such
as http://www.moe.gov.my/bpk or call KSSR hotline at 03-88842283
Can KSSR help stimulate the teachers and students creativity in T&L?
Answer :

KSSR can help stimulate teachers and students creativity through the T&L (Teaching and Learning
approach) such as (edutainment), and additional cross-curricular elements. Teachers are given for
learning guidebooks to assist them in carrying out the T&L.
What are the channels made available to teachers facing problems with KSSR?
Answer :

The MOE has provided the website for KSSR (www.moe.gov.my/bpk) with which teachers are able
to interact, in the event of problems. In addition, teachers are encouraged to contact the JU, District
Education Office Officers, or State Education Department officers for KSSR related advice.
In Level 1, how far is sex education taught?
Answer :

Social and Reproductive Health Education is not taught as a subject but as a large component
(75%) in the subject of Health Education.