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Chapter 1 System Overview 1-1 ...........................................................................

1.1 Preface 1-1 ...................................................................................................


1.2 Benefits and Features 1-2 ............................................................................
1.2.1 Large Capacity and High Integration 1-2 .............................................
1.2.2 Powerful Multicast Services 1-3 ...........................................................
1.2.3 Smart Triple Play Solutions 1-3 ............................................................
1.2.4 Superb Service Wholesale Solutions 1-4 .............................................
1.2.5 Abundant Ports 1-4 ..............................................................................
1.2.6 Guaranteed QoS 1-5 ............................................................................
1.2.7 Comprehensive User Management 1-5 ...............................................
1.2.8 Flexible Networking 1-6 ........................................................................
1.2.9 Carrier-Class Reliability 1-6 .................................................................
1.2.10 Strict Security 1-6 ...............................................................................
1.2.11 Superior Maintainability and Manageability 1-7 .................................
1.3 External Ports 1-8 .........................................................................................
1.3.1 Subscriber Ports 1-8 ............................................................................
1.3.2 Network Ports 1-9 ................................................................................
1.3.3 Management Ports 1-9 .........................................................................
1.3.4 Test Ports 1-10 .......................................................................................
Chapter 2 System Architecture 2-1 ......................................................................
2.1 Functional Architecture 2-1 ...........................................................................
2.1.1 Main Control Module 2-1 ......................................................................
2.1.2 ADSL2+ Module 2-2 .............................................................................
2.1.3 SHDSL Module 2-2 ..............................................................................
2.1.4 Ethernet Module 2-2 .............................................................................
2.1.5 ISU Module 2-2 ....................................................................................
2.1.6 Environment Monitor Module 2-3 .........................................................
2.2 Hardware Architecture 2-3 ............................................................................
2.2.1 Cabinet 2-3 ...........................................................................................
2.2.2 MA5600 Frame 2-6 ..............................................................................
2.2.3 Boards, Subboards and Ports 2-8 ........................................................
2.3 Software Architecture 2-10 .............................................................................
Chapter 3 Service Functions 3-1 ..........................................................................
3.1 Broadband Access Services 3-1 ..................................................................
3.1.1 ADSL2+ Service 3-1 ............................................................................
3.1.2 SHDSL Service 3-3 ..............................................................................
3.1.3 LAN Service 3-4 ...................................................................................
3.2 VLAN Services 3-4 .......................................................................................
3.2.1 Standard VLAN 3-4 ..............................................................................
3.2.2 MUX VLAN 3-5 .....................................................................................
3.2.3 Smart VLAN 3-5 ...................................................................................
3.2.4 Super VLAN 3-5 ...................................................................................
3.2.5 QinQ VLAN 3-6 ....................................................................................
3.2.6 VLAN Stacking 3-6 ...............................................................................
3.3 Multicast Services 3-7 ..................................................................................
3.3.1 IGMP Proxy 3-7 ....................................................................................
3.3.2 Managed Multicast 3-8 .........................................................................
3.4 MAC Address Management 3-8 ...................................................................
3.5 Built-in ISU 3-9 .............................................................................................
3.6 Routing Management 3-9 .............................................................................
3.7 ARP and ARP Proxy 3-11 ..............................................................................
3.8 STP/RSTP 3-12 ..............................................................................................
3.9 QoS 3-13 ........................................................................................................
3.9.1 Flow Classification 3-13 .........................................................................
3.9.2 DiffServ Service 3-13 .............................................................................
3.9.3 Traffic Policing and Port Rate Limit 3-13 ................................................
3.9.4 Queue Scheduling 3-14 .........................................................................
3.10 Terminal Management 3-15 .........................................................................
3.11 Environment Monitoring 3-16 .......................................................................
Chapter 4 Networking Applications 4-1 ...............................................................
4.1 System Networking 4-1 ................................................................................
4.1.1 IP-DSLAM Application 4-1 ...................................................................
4.1.2 Built-in ISU Application 4-2 ..................................................................
4.1.3 Subtending Application 4-4 ..................................................................
4.2 Typical Applications 4-5 ................................................................................
4.2.1 QinQ Application 4-5 ............................................................................
4.2.2 VLAN Stacking Application 4-6 ............................................................
4.2.3 Triple Play Application 4-7 ...................................................................
4.2.4 Residential Community Application 4-9 ...............................................
4.2.5 IP Hotel Application 4-10 ........................................................................
Chapter 5 Management and Maintenance 5-1 .....................................................
5.1 System Maintenance 5-1 ..............................................................................
5.2 CLI Mode 5-2 ................................................................................................
5.2.1 Running Environment 5-2 ....................................................................
5.2.2 Characteristics 5-2 ...............................................................................
5.2.3 Networking 5-3 .....................................................................................
5.3 NMS Mode 5-3 .............................................................................................
5.3.1 Running Environment 5-3 ....................................................................
5.3.2 Characteristics 5-4 ...............................................................................
5.3.3 Networking 5-5 .....................................................................................
Chapter 6 Technical Specifications 6-1 ...............................................................
6.1 Physical Specifications 6-1 ...........................................................................
6.1.1 Device Dimensions 6-1 ........................................................................
6.1.2 Device Weight 6-1 ................................................................................
6.1.3 Power Specifications 6-2 ......................................................................
6.1.4 Environment Conditions 6-2 .................................................................
6.1.5 Power Consumption 6-2 .......................................................................
6.2 Performance Specifications 6-3 ....................................................................
6.2.1 System Performance 6-3 .....................................................................
6.2.2 System Configurations 6-3 ...................................................................
6.2.3 Reliability indexes 6-4 ..........................................................................
6.2.4 Service Characteristics 6-4 ..................................................................
6.3 Port Specifications 6-11 ..................................................................................
6.3.1 Console Port 6-11 ..................................................................................
6.3.2 ADSL2+ Port 6-11 ..................................................................................
6.3.3 SHDSL Port 6-12 ...................................................................................
6.3.4 FE Electrical Port 6-12 ...........................................................................
6.3.5 FE Single-Mode Optical Port 6-12 .........................................................
6.3.6 FE Multi-mode Optical Port 6-13 ............................................................
6.3.7 GE Single-mode Optical Port 6-14 .........................................................
6.3.8 GE Multi-mode Optical Port 6-14 ...........................................................
6.3.9 GE Electrical Port 6-15 ...........................................................................
6.4 Standards Compliance 6-15 ...........................................................................
Appendix A Introduction to xDSL Technology A-1 .............................................
A.1 Overview A-1 ................................................................................................
A.1.1 Introduction to xDSL Technologies A-1 ................................................
A.1.2 Specifications of xDSL Technologies A-3 ............................................
A.2 ADSL2+ A-4 .................................................................................................
A.3 SHDSL A-9 ...................................................................................................
Appendix B Environment Requirements B-1 .......................................................
B.1 Storage Requirements B-1 ...........................................................................
B.2 Transportation Requirements B-3 ................................................................
B.3 Running Environment Requirements B-5 .....................................................
Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations C-1 ....................................................
Index .................................................................................................................
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HUAWEI














SmartAX MA5600 Multi-service Access Module
Technical Manual
V300R001

Huawei Technologies Proprietary

SmartAX MA5600 Multi-service Access Module
Technical Manual

Manual Version T2-050228-20050203-C-3.10
Product Version V300R001
BOM 31026528

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. provides customers with comprehensive technical support
and service. Please feel free to contact our local office or company headquarters.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Address: Administration Building, Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.,
Bantian, Longgang District, Shenzhen, P. R. China
Postal Code: 518129
Website: http://www.huawei.com
Email: support@huawei.com

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Copyright 2005 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

All Rights Reserved
No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any
means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Trademarks
, HUAWEI, C&C08, EAST8000, HONET, , ViewPoint, INtess, ETS, DMC,
TELLIN, InfoLink, Netkey, Quidway, SYNLOCK, Radium, M900/M1800,
TELESIGHT, Quidview, Musa, Airbridge, Tellwin, Inmedia, VRP, DOPRA, iTELLIN,
HUAWEI OptiX, C&C08 iNET, NETENGINE, OptiX, iSite, U-SYS, iMUSE, OpenEye,
Lansway, SmartAX, infoX, and TopEng are trademarks of Huawei Technologies
Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this manual are the property of
their respective holders.

Notice
The information in this manual is subject to change without notice. Every effort has
been made in the preparation of this manual to ensure accuracy of the contents, but
all statements, information, and recommendations in this manual do not constitute
the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

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About This Manual
Release Notes
The current version of this manual applies to the SmartAX MA5600 Multi-service
Access Module V300R001.
Related Manuals
The following manuals provide information about the MA5600.
Manual Content
SmartAX MA5600
Multi-service Access Module
Technical Manual
It provides an overall introduction to the MA5600,
including the major functions, system structure,
service implementation, management &
maintenance, networking & applications.
SmartAX MA5600 Multi-service
Access Module Operation
Manual
It is used for assisting the users in general
operations, data configurations and typical
applications of the MA5600.
SmartAX MA5600 Multi-service
Access Module Command Help
It introduces all commands available in the
MA5600, as well as the command usage and
examples. It is only available in electronic form.
SmartAX MA5600 Multi-service
Access Module Installation
Manual
It provides information on the system installation
of the MA5600.
Documentation CD ROM It contains the package of documentation.

Organization
The manual assists the users in understanding, operating and maintaining the MA5600.
There are seven parts in this manual, including:
Chapter 1 System Overview profiles the features of the MA5600, and introduces the
external interfaces of the MA5600.
Chapter 2 System Architecture introduces the hardware architecture of the MA5600,
including its boards, power supply and heat dissipation system. This chapter also briefs
the software architecture of the MA5600.
Huawei Technologies Proprietary

Chapter 3 Service Functions elaborates on VDSL&ADSL service characteristics as
well as other software characteristics of the MA5600.
Chapter 4 Networking Applications introduces various networking applications of
the MA5600.
Chapter 5 Management and Maintenance deals with the CLI-based and
SNMP-based network management systems of the MA5600.
Chapter 6 Technical Specifications gives technical specifications about the MA5600.
Appendix gives environment requirements of the MA5600, as well as a list of
abbreviations and acronyms that appear in this manual.
Intended Audience
The manual is intended for the following readers:
Network administrators
Network engineers
Conventions
The manual uses the following conventions:
I. General conventions
Convention Description
Arial Normal paragraphs are in Arial.
Boldface Headings are in Boldface.

II. Symbols
Eye-catching symbols are also used in the manual to highlight the points worthy of
special attention during the operation. They are defined as follows:
Caution: Means reader be extremely careful during the operation.
Note: Means a complementary description.

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1 System Overview......................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1 Preface............................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 Benefits and Features........................................................................................................ 1-2
1.2.1 Large Capacity and High Integration ...................................................................... 1-2
1.2.2 Powerful Multicast Services .................................................................................... 1-3
1.2.3 Smart Triple Play Solutions..................................................................................... 1-3
1.2.4 Superb Service Wholesale Solutions...................................................................... 1-4
1.2.5 Abundant Ports........................................................................................................ 1-4
1.2.6 Guaranteed QoS..................................................................................................... 1-5
1.2.7 Comprehensive User Management ........................................................................ 1-5
1.2.8 Flexible Networking................................................................................................. 1-6
1.2.9 Carrier-Class Reliability........................................................................................... 1-6
1.2.10 Strict Security ........................................................................................................ 1-6
1.2.11 Superior Maintainability and Manageability .......................................................... 1-7
1.3 External Ports .................................................................................................................... 1-8
1.3.1 Subscriber Ports...................................................................................................... 1-8
1.3.2 Network Ports.......................................................................................................... 1-9
1.3.3 Management Ports.................................................................................................. 1-9
1.3.4 Test Ports.............................................................................................................. 1-10
Chapter 2 System Architecture.................................................................................................... 2-1
2.1 Functional Architecture...................................................................................................... 2-1
2.1.1 Main Control Module............................................................................................... 2-1
2.1.2 ADSL2+ Module...................................................................................................... 2-2
2.1.3 SHDSL Module........................................................................................................ 2-2
2.1.4 Ethernet Module...................................................................................................... 2-2
2.1.5 ISU Module.............................................................................................................. 2-2
2.1.6 Environment Monitor Module .................................................................................. 2-3
2.2 Hardware Architecture....................................................................................................... 2-3
2.2.1 Cabinet .................................................................................................................... 2-3
2.2.2 MA5600 Frame........................................................................................................ 2-6
2.2.3 Boards, Subboards and Ports................................................................................. 2-8
2.3 Software Architecture ...................................................................................................... 2-10
Chapter 3 Service Functions........................................................................................................ 3-1
3.1 Broadband Access Services.............................................................................................. 3-1
3.1.1 ADSL2+ Service...................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.2 SHDSL Service ....................................................................................................... 3-3
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3.1.3 LAN Service ............................................................................................................ 3-4
3.2 VLAN Services................................................................................................................... 3-4
3.2.1 Standard VLAN ....................................................................................................... 3-4
3.2.2 MUX VLAN.............................................................................................................. 3-5
3.2.3 Smart VLAN ............................................................................................................ 3-5
3.2.4 Super VLAN ............................................................................................................ 3-5
3.2.5 QinQ VLAN.............................................................................................................. 3-6
3.2.6 VLAN Stacking........................................................................................................ 3-6
3.3 Multicast Services.............................................................................................................. 3-7
3.3.1 IGMP Proxy............................................................................................................. 3-7
3.3.2 Managed Multicast .................................................................................................. 3-8
3.4 MAC Address Management............................................................................................... 3-8
3.5 Built-in ISU......................................................................................................................... 3-9
3.6 Routing Management ........................................................................................................ 3-9
3.7 ARP and ARP Proxy........................................................................................................ 3-11
3.8 STP/RSTP ....................................................................................................................... 3-12
3.9 QoS.................................................................................................................................. 3-13
3.9.1 Flow Classification................................................................................................. 3-13
3.9.2 DiffServ Service..................................................................................................... 3-13
3.9.3 Traffic Policing and Port Rate Limit....................................................................... 3-13
3.9.4 Queue Scheduling................................................................................................. 3-14
3.10 Terminal Management................................................................................................... 3-15
3.11 Environment Monitoring................................................................................................. 3-16
Chapter 4 Networking Applications............................................................................................. 4-1
4.1 System Networking............................................................................................................ 4-1
4.1.1 IP-DSLAM Application............................................................................................. 4-1
4.1.2 Built-in ISU Application............................................................................................ 4-2
4.1.3 Subtending Application ........................................................................................... 4-4
4.2 Typical Applications ........................................................................................................... 4-5
4.2.1 QinQ Application ..................................................................................................... 4-5
4.2.2 VLAN Stacking Application ..................................................................................... 4-6
4.2.3 Triple Play Application............................................................................................. 4-7
4.2.4 Residential Community Application......................................................................... 4-9
4.2.5 IP Hotel Application............................................................................................... 4-10
Chapter 5 Management and Maintenance .................................................................................. 5-1
5.1 System Maintenance ......................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 CLI Mode ........................................................................................................................... 5-2
5.2.1 Running Environment.............................................................................................. 5-2
5.2.2 Characteristics......................................................................................................... 5-2
5.2.3 Networking .............................................................................................................. 5-3
5.3 NMS Mode......................................................................................................................... 5-3
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5.3.1 Running Environment.............................................................................................. 5-3
5.3.2 Characteristics......................................................................................................... 5-4
5.3.3 Networking .............................................................................................................. 5-5
Chapter 6 Technical Specifications............................................................................................. 6-1
6.1 Physical Specifications ...................................................................................................... 6-1
6.1.1 Device Dimensions ................................................................................................. 6-1
6.1.2 Device Weight ......................................................................................................... 6-1
6.1.3 Power Specifications............................................................................................... 6-2
6.1.4 Environment Conditions.......................................................................................... 6-2
6.1.5 Power Consumption................................................................................................ 6-2
6.2 Performance Specifications............................................................................................... 6-3
6.2.1 System Performance............................................................................................... 6-3
6.2.2 System Configurations............................................................................................ 6-3
6.2.3 Reliability indexes.................................................................................................... 6-4
6.2.4 Service Characteristics ........................................................................................... 6-4
6.3 Port Specifications ........................................................................................................... 6-11
6.3.1 Console Port.......................................................................................................... 6-11
6.3.2 ADSL2+ Port ......................................................................................................... 6-11
6.3.3 SHDSL Port........................................................................................................... 6-12
6.3.4 FE Electrical Port................................................................................................... 6-12
6.3.5 FE Single-Mode Optical Port................................................................................. 6-12
6.3.6 FE Multi-mode Optical Port ................................................................................... 6-13
6.3.7 GE Single-mode Optical Port ................................................................................ 6-14
6.3.8 GE Multi-mode Optical Port .................................................................................. 6-14
6.3.9 GE Electrical Port .................................................................................................. 6-15
6.4 Standards Compliance .................................................................................................... 6-15
Appendix A Introduction to xDSL Technology ..........................................................................A-1
A.1 Overview............................................................................................................................ A-1
A.1.1 Introduction to xDSL Technologies......................................................................... A-1
A.1.2 Specifications of xDSL Technologies ..................................................................... A-3
A.2 ADSL2+............................................................................................................................. A-4
A.3 SHDSL............................................................................................................................... A-9
Appendix B Environment Requirements ....................................................................................B-1
B.1 Storage Requirements ...................................................................................................... B-1
B.2 Transportation Requirements............................................................................................ B-3
B.3 Running Environment Requirements ................................................................................ B-5
Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations .................................................................................C-1
Index ................................................................................................................................................ i-1


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Chapter 1 System Overview
1.1 Preface
As the demand for telecom services keeps growing, provisioning of integrated data,
video, voice and multimedia services that feature large capacity, high data rate, great
bandwidth and good quality has become a new direction in access network
development. In light of global users requirements, Huawei has launched its SmartAX
MA5600 Multi-service Access Module.
The MA5600 employs non-blocking gigabit switching fabric (1 Gbit/s per line board),
facilitating rich access means such as:
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line 2 Plus (ADSL2+)
Single-line High Speed Digital Subscriber Line (SHDSL)
Ethernet
The MA5600 features high density of subscriber ports, diverse interfaces and flexible
networking modes. For residential users, it supports services such as web surfing,
Internet gaming and video on demand (VOD). For commercial users, it supports a
variety of services with guaranteed quality of service (QoS), such as video
conferencing, enterprise Intranet, virtual private network (VPN), and packetized voice
transmission.
Moreover, the MA5600 supports the following functions to ease the operators effort to
build up, operate and maintain a broadband access network:
Intelligent Service Unit (ISU)
Centralized terminal management
Broadband test
Figure 1-1 shows the networking of the MA5600 under centralized management of the
Huawei iManager N2000 network management system (iManager N2000).
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BRAS
IP network
iManager N2000
ADSL2+/FE/SHDSL FE/GE
FE/GE FE/GE
FE/GE
MA5600 MA5600 MA5600
MA5600
ADSL2+ /SHDSL/FE ADSL2+/SHDSL/FE ADSL2+ /SHDSL/FE

Figure 1-1 Networking of the MA5600
1.2 Benefits and Features
The MA5600 provides rich services and management methods, including:
DSLAM access services
Multicast services
Triple play services
Private line services
With its strict guarantee of QoS and powerful access control list (ACL) functions, the
MA5600 offers diverse, operable and manageable broadband access services.
1.2.1 Large Capacity and High Integration
The MA5600 integrates data switching, routing and user management. This helps to
enhance the system integration.
In addition, to satisfy medium and large capacity requirements, the MA5600:
Adopts large capacity backplane with non-blocking GE bus.
The backplane capacity is 210 Gbit/s.
The packet forwarding rate is 72 Mpps.
The switching fabric of main control board (SCU) is 48 Gbit/s.
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Supports high-density line boards, such as 64-port ADSL2+ board and 32-port
SHDSL board.
Each frame provides 896 ADSL2+ lines or 448 SHDSL lines.
Each cabinet houses three frames, providing 2688 ADSL2+ lines or 1344 SHDSL
line.
1.2.2 Powerful Multicast Services
The MA5600 is able to support carrier-class multicast service operation. The MA5600
supports multicast protocols and managed multicast, assisting carriers in provisioning
and managing value-added broadband multicast services.
To be more specific, the MA5600 supports:
Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) Proxy multicast and profile-based
managed multicast with up to 1000 multicast groups
Rich authentication modes for different multicast operations
Single-PVC and multi-PVC multicast
Video traffic received from multiple uplink ports
Channel preview with configurable preview times in one day
Viewership statistics
IGMP pre-join, fast-leave as well as IGMP high performance processing for
broadband TV (BTV) over xDSL
With the managed multicast function, the MA5600 can control the multicast group that
a user can join. Working with the operation support system (OSS) through the TL1
interface on the network management system (NMS), the MA5600 offers a solution to
user authority control for the multicast service providers.
1.2.3 Smart Triple Play Solutions
The MA5600 supports smart triple play solutions to provide Voice over IP (VoIP),
Internet access and BTV. A built-in ISU or an external broadband remote access server
(BRAS) can be used to manage these services.
Built-in ISU
In the MA5600, the built-in ISU is a service board plugged in the frame. The ISU
functions as the service gateway for triple play.
External BRAS
With an external BRAS, triple play users are accessed to the MA5600 through the
Home Gateway. The MA5600 then connects these users to the upstream BRAS
transparently for unified management.
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1.2.4 Superb Service Wholesale Solutions
The MA5600 can coordinate with the ISU to provide service wholesale in various
modes. Major access modes of service wholesale include:
Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) mode
In this mode, the ISU functions as the L2TP access concentrator (LAC). The
MA5600 accesses the wholesale users, and identifies these users by VLAN IDs.
The ISU will then connect the users to various Internet service providers (ISPs)
based on their domain names.
Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) mode
In this mode, the ISU terminates the users and accesses them to different ISPs
through GRE tunnels based on their domain names.
802.1q in 802.1q (QinQ) mode
In this mode, when receiving packets with private VLAN tag from the lower layer,
the MA5600 adds public network VLAN tags to these packets, and then sends
them to the corresponding ISPs.
1.2.5 Abundant Ports
The MA5600 can offer various network ports, service ports, maintenance ports and test
ports to adapt to different network applications. The ports provided by the MA5600 are
open to and compatible with industry standards.
See Table 1-1.
Table 1-1 Ports provided by the MA5600
Type Port Remarks
FE optical/electrical
port
Network port
GE optical/electrical
port
Both the GE and FE optical ports adopt the
SFP optical module. The SFP module can
be a single-mode module or a multi-mode
module, depending on the required reaches.
Service port ADSL2+
Fully compatible with ADSL, with added
advantages of:
Higher data rate
Longer signal reach
Lower power consumption
More stable operation
Support of single and dual ended loop
test
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Type Port Remarks
SHDSL
It adopts symmetric data transmission. It
transmits at 192 kbit/s 2312 kbit/s in both
the upstream and the downstream over a
reach of 30006000 m.

Ethernet
It allows data burst and is delay insensitive.
It transmits at 100 Mbit/s.
Serial port
Ethernet
maintenance port
The ports are used for local and remote
maintenance.
Maintenance
port
Environment monitor
port
Environment parameters collected by the
monitoring device are reported to the host
through this port.
Test port Line test port
It is open and standardized, enabling
connection with external test devices to
carry out xDSL line tests.

1.2.6 Guaranteed QoS
The MA5600 offers customized QoS based on different services and user requirements.
The MA5600 supports:
Traffic rule-based packet filtering, packet redirection, flow mirroring, traffic
statistics, traffic policing, queue scheduling on a port, rate limit on a port, priority
strategies, and VLAN change strategies.
802.1p-based class of service (CoS) and traffic prioritization. 802.1p is used by
default.
Various queue scheduling algorithms, such as strict priority (SP) and weighted
round robin (WRR).
1.2.7 Comprehensive User Management
The MA5600 supports the following user management means:
Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS) accounting
User management based on port and MAC address
Multicast authority control on the users
Management of address resolution and routing
Policy Information Transfer Protocol (PITP)
With PITP, the MA5600 carries the location information of a user port in the PPPoE
authentication request sent to the BRAS. In this way, the MA5600 enables binding
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between the user account and the user port, which is helpful for identifying the
broadband service users.
User management functions facilitated by the ISU
With the ISU board, the MA5600 supports L2TP and authentication based on
PPPoE, PPPoA, VLAN binding, and VLAN+Web (forced portal and embedded
portal). It also supports accounting based on traffic volume or online duration,
offering a bypass access solution for commercial users.
PPPoA-to-PPPoE conversion
IPoA-to-IPoE conversion
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Relay
DHCP Option60
ARP Proxy
Layer 3 forwarding, facilitating both static routing and dynamic routing (such as
RIP based and OSPF based routing)
1.2.8 Flexible Networking
The MA5600 supports various networking modes to cater for the service requirements
of various locations and applications. It supports the following networking modes :
xDSL-based IP DSLAM networking
Subtending networking through Ethernet ports
Triple play networking with unified user management functions
QinQ and VLAN stacking networking, allowing private line interconnection service
and VLAN extension
1.2.9 Carrier-Class Reliability
To ensure operation security, the MA5600 adopts carrier-class reliability design in that:
All boards are hot-swappable.
The SCU supports active/standby switchover.
The ADSL2+ port supports N+1 backup.
The upstream links can be backed up to enhance the system reliability.
The system is self-healing, offering more than 150,000 hours of mean time
between failures (MTBF).
The system offers diverse alarm information, and adopts lightning proof and
anti-interference design.
1.2.10 Strict Security
The MA5600 provides the following functions to ensure network security:
Leveled authority control
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L2 user isolation and controlled mutual access
Restriction on the number of multicast groups allowed for each port
Restriction on the number of hosts allowed to access each port
Query of port IP address by MAC address
Binding between the MAC address and port
Binding between the IP address and port
Protection of DHCP server to enhance DHCP security
DHCP option82, enabling authentication of the type of the customer premises
equipment (CPE)
RADIUS authentication of the management users
Binding between the user account and port
ACL-based access control
1.2.11 Superior Maintainability and Manageability
The MA5600 features excellent management, maintenance, monitoring and test
functions, greatly easing fault locating and routine management.
The MA5600 can be managed on a local or remote terminal, or through the
centralized NMS.
The MA5600 supports network management through the command line interface
(CLI), or inband/outband NMS such as the iManager N2000 based on Simple
Network Management Protocol (SNMP). iManager N2000 NMS provides
graphical user interface (GUI) for centralized management of the MA5600.
The MA5600 enables you to manage the remote transmitting units (RTUs) in a
centralized manner. On the MA5600, you can:
Query the RTU information.
Monitor the status of the RTUs.
Configure the RTU data.
Bind the RTUs.
Upgrade the RTU software.
The MA5600 provides complete alarm, test, diagnosis, and tracking functions.
This can greatly ease your daily maintenance and management, boost network
operation reliability, and ensure network QoS.
The MA5600 provides xDSL line test ports. You can carry out line selection and
fault locating through these ports and the broadband line test system.
The MA5600 collects environment information through its environment monitor
module to facilitate unattended maintenance. The information shows the
temperature and humidity of the machine room, the power supply voltage, and the
smoke alarms.
The MA5600 uses fans for heat dissipation. Each fan has indicators telling the
fans running states. Each fan can be mounted and removed independently.
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1.3 External Ports
External ports include subscriber ports, network ports, management ports, and test
ports.
1.3.1 Subscriber Ports
The MA5600 provides a variety of subscriber ports, including ADSL2+, SHDSL, and
FE/GE ports.
I. ADSL2+ port
Compliant with ITU-T G.992.3 and G.992.5, the ADSL2+ port provides twisted-pair
based ADSL2+ access in coordination with the ATU-R. (ATU-R is short for ADSL
Transmitting Unit-Remote End).
II. SHDSL port
Compliant with ITU-T G.991.2 (Annex A and Annex B), the SHDSL port provides
twisted-pair based SHDSL access in coordination with the STU-R. (STU-R is short for
SHDSL Transmitting Unit-Remote End).
III. FE/GE port
The GE/FE ports of the MA5600 can be used as either subscriber ports or network
ports. When GE/FE ports are used as subscriber ports, the MA5600 can connect with a
LAN switch over optical fiber or Category-5 twisted pairs to provide Ethernet access.
Three types of FE/GE ports are available: FE/GE electrical port, FE/GE single-mode
optical port and FE/GE multi-mode optical port.
The FE/GE electrical port uses an RJ45 connector.
When an electrical port connects with a small capacity L2 switch through
Category-5 twisted pairs, the reach shall be within 100 m.
The FE single-mode/multi-mode optical port uses an LC optical connector.
The port connects with an optical distribution frame (ODF) using the dedicated tail
fiber and then connects to the LAN Switch through optical fibers. The FE
multi-mode port supports a reach of 2 km. The FE single-mode port supports a
reach of 15 km.
The GE single-mode/multi-mode optical port uses an LC optical connector.
The port connects with an ODF using the dedicated tail fiber and then connects to
the LAN Switch through optical fibers. The GE multi-mode port supports a reach of
500 m at low cost. The GE single-mode port supports a reach of 10 km or 40 km.
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1.3.2 Network Ports
The MA5600 provides multiple network ports such as FE and GE ports.
I. FE port
Three kinds of FE ports are available:
FE electrical port
FE single-mode optical port
FE multi-mode optical port
The port cabling is the same as that at the subscriber end. FE ports enable the MA5600
to connect with upstream devices, or with other subtended MA5600 frames.
II. GE port
Three types of GE ports are available:
GE electrical port
GE single-mode optical port
GE multi-mode optical port
GE ports enable the MA5600 to connect with upstream devices, or with other
subtended MA5600 frames.
1.3.3 Management Ports
The MA5600 provides multiple management and maintenance ports. With these ports,
you can maintain the MA5600 locally and remotely in command line interface (CLI)
mode or network management system (NMS) mode.
I. Serial port
The SCU board on the MA5600 provides an RJ-45 serial port (CON) for both local and
remote maintenance. The default baudrate of the serial port is 9600 bit/s.
The port can be used for CLI operations, system commissioning or fault locating. The
cable connecting the serial port and the local maintenance PC has a DB9 connector on
one end, and an RJ45 connector on the other end.
II. Ethernet Maintenance port
The SCU board on the MA5600 provides an RJ-45 Ethernet port (ETH) for both local
and remote maintenance. The port is 10/100M auto-sensing.
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The port can connect with local maintenance PC or remote NMS for program loading,
debugging and other operations.
III. Environment monitor port
The SCU board on the MA5600 provides an RJ-45 environment monitor port (MON) to
connect with the environment monitor module through a special monitoring cable.
It collects various environment parameters sent from the environment monitor module,
including temperature, humidity, power voltage and smoke. Besides, there is also a fan
monitor port on the backplane.
1.3.4 Test Ports
The MA5600 supports line capture function through the external or internal line test bus.
You can use its broadband test ports to interface with an external tester to implement
xDSL line tests.
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Chapter 2 System Architecture
This chapter describes the functional architecture, hardware architecture and software
architecture of the MA5600.
2.1 Functional Architecture
The MA5600 adopts modularized design, in which the functional modules are
independent of each other. All these modules provide standard interfaces, and have
good scalability in terms of system capacity and service types.
The MA5600 consists of multiple functional modules as shown Figure 2-1.
FE/GE
GE GE GE
RS-232
Main control module/
Ethernet module
ADSL2+ module
SHDSL module ISU module

Figure 2-1 Functional modules of the MA5600
The following sections describe these modules in detail.
2.1.1 Main Control Module
Consisting of the SCU board, subboards and related software, the main control
module:
Carries out the control, management and service switching of the MA5600.
Carries out all L2/L3 switch functions supported by Ethernet protocols.
Provides two slots on the front panel to hold the optical or electrical FE/GE
network port subboards.
Provides serial port and Ethernet port for maintenance and management.
Supports switchover between the active and standby SCU board.
Provides an MON port to connect with the environment monitor module.
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2.1.2 ADSL2+ Module
The ADSL2+ module consists of the ADBF board, ADEF board, splitter (SPL) board
and associated software. The SPL board separates voice signals from ADSL2+ signals,
and sends ADSL2+ signals to the ADSL2+ board. The ADSL2+ board provides 64
ADSL2+ subscriber lines for accessing the ADSL Transmitting Unit-Remote end
(ATU-R).
2.1.3 SHDSL Module
The SHDSL module consists of the SHEA board and associated software. This module
provides 32 SHDSL subscriber lines for accessing the STU-R through twisted pair lines.
(STU-R stands for SHDSL Transmitting Unit-Remote end.)
The SHDSL solution aims at serving medium and small enterprises and SOHO users.
2.1.4 Ethernet Module
The FE and GE ports on the SCU, apart from serving as uplink ports, can also serve as
service ports to provide Ethernet access. In this case, they are called the Ethernet
module.
The Ethernet module supports the following features:
Multicast service and IGMP Proxy, with up to 1000 multicast groups
PPPoA-to-PPPoE conversion
IPoA-to-IPoE conversion
PITP for binding between the user account and port.
Subtending with the main control frame through the FE port or GE port
Layer 3 forwarding that facilitates dynamic routing protocols (such as RIP and
OSPF) and static routing
Enhanced QoS and ACL functions
QinQ, enabling point-to-point private line interconnection between different MANs
VLAN stacking, facilitating VLAN extension and wholesale private line services
2.1.5 ISU Module
Consisting of the ISU board and related software, the ISU serves as a built-in BRAS
that supports user authentication based on PPPoE, VLAN binding, and VLAN+Web
(forced portal and embedded portal). It also supports user accounting on the basis of
the traffic volume or online duration.
The ISU solution aims to offer bypass access for commercial users.
The ISU board mounted to the MA5600 frame can provide FE/GE IP uplink ports.
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2.1.6 Environment Monitor Module
The MA5600 environment monitor module consists of the power monitoring unit, power
distribution monitor unit, and fan monitor unit. These units monitor the ambient
temperature, humidity, smoke, smog, water logging, cabinet door sensor, and power
supply.
The module is connected to the serial port MON on the SCU board. In the event of any
abnormality, the module will issue an alarm to the host.
You can set the upper/lower thresholds of some environment alarms through the CLI or
graphic user interface (GUI) NMS. The module shall decide whether to report alarms
based on the predefined parameters. It can also adjust the fan speed according to the
ambient temperature.
2.2 Hardware Architecture
This section introduces the hardware architecture of the MA5600, including the cabinet,
frames and boards.
2.2.1 Cabinet
The MA5600 can be put into a 19-inch front access H66-18 or H66-22 cabinet.
I. Cabinet appearance
Figure 2-2 shows the front view of the H66 cabinet.
The H66 cabinet has these features:
The H66 cabinet has only front doors, and is only front accessible. It can be
installed against the wall. The dimensions of the H66 cabinet can be:
600 mm x 600 mm x 1800 mm (W x D x H), or
600 mm x 600 mm x 2200 mm (W x D x H)
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Figure 2-2 Front view of the H66 cabinet
II. System layout
Considering the power supply modes and the presence of the SPL frame, the number
of service frames to be held in the cabinet also varies.
Table 2-1 lists six typical layouts of the MA5600 in the H66 cabinet. For more details,
refer to SmartAX MA5600 Multi-service Access Module Installation Manual.
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Table 2-1 MA5600 layout in the H66 cabinet
Cabinet height Power mode Service frame SPL frame
2 Yes
DC
3 No 2200 cm
AC 1 Yes
1 Yes
DC
2 No 1800 cm
AC 1 Yes

In case there is no SPL frame, a cabinet can hold three MA5600 service frames to
provide 2688 ADSL2+ subscriber lines.
In case an SPL frame is used, a cabinet can hold two MA5600 service frames to
provide 1792 ADSL2+ subscriber lines.
III. Components in the cabinet
Power supply/power distribution box
In AC power supply mode, the MA5600 uses the GEPS4845 power module
which is 3U (1U=44.45 mm) in height. Both 110 V and 220 V modules are
available.
In DC power supply mode, the MA5600 uses a power distribution box which is
2U in height, facilitating 48 V/60 V power input.
Modem frame
A Modem frame of 1U in height can be configured based on your actual
requirements.
MA5600 service frame
The MA5600 service frame is 10U in height (including a 1U fan frame). It
constitutes the major part of the cabinet. For details on the service frame, refer
to 2.2.2 MA5600 Frame.
The MA5600 uses fans for heat dissipation. The cool air is drawn from the bottom
of the frame, passes through the service boards, and finally is driven out from the
top side of the frame. The fan frame is composed of six 48 V/0.21A DC fans. For
ease of maintenance, each fan can be dismounted separately. Meanwhile, each
fan is equipped with a detection terminal for fan status checking.
SPL frame with line capture function
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The splitter frame is optional. It provides splitter boards to split the xDSL signal
from the POTS/ISDN signal. The main control board SPMF on the splitter frame
also provides a test port that connects with external tester to enable line test.
Air deflector & cabling frame
The frame (3U high) is used for air deflection and cabling.
2.2.2 MA5600 Frame
I. Hardware architecture
The MA5600 frame consists of a service frame and a splitter frame. The number of
service boards and splitter boards to be configured is subject to the planned service
types and traffic volumes.
The dimensions of the MA5600 service frame are: 439.00 mm x 420.00 mm x 444.50
mm (W x D x H).
The backplane of the MA5600 service frame offers GE high speed bus with 16 slots.
Figure 2-3 shows the MA5600 service frame.
0 15
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Figure 2-3 MA5600 service frame
The 16 slots in the service frame are numbered from 0. Among them,
Slots 7 and 8 always hold SCU boards.
Other 14 slots can house any service board.
The ISU and EIU reside in slot 14 and/or slot 15.

Note:
All boards are hot swappable.

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The SPL frame provides 16 slots, numbered from 0 to 15. Figure 2-4 shows the board
layout in the SPL frame.
S
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Figure 2-4 Board arrangement in the MA5600 SPL frame
The SPL frame has a control board (SPMF) and 14 splitter boards that support line
capture. The SPMF provides a test port, which can connect with an external test meter
to facilitate xDSL broadband line test.
II. Working principle
Figure 2-5 shows the block diagram of the MA5600 service frame. The MA5600
employs high speed backplane, enabling inter-board communication over non-blocking
GE bus:
The SCU delivers control messages to the service boards through the GE bus.
The service boards (except the ISU) report the configuration information to the
SCU through the GE bus.
The service boards communicate with each other through the GE bus.
The ISU controls itself instead of being controlled by the SCU.
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Maintenance network port
Maintenance serial port
Environment monitor port
FE/GE port
GE bus
S
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E
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GE port

Figure 2-5 Working principle of the MA5600 service frame
2.2.3 Boards, Subboards and Ports
I. Boards
Table 2-2 and Table 2-3 list all the boards residing in the service and splitter frames
respectively.
Table 2-2 All boards residing in the MA5600 service frames
Name Type Function External port
SCU
Super control
unit
The main control board for
system control and IP uplink
connection
1 maintenance port
1 serial port
1 environment
monitor port
6 FE/GE ports
ISUA
Intelligent
service unit
User authentication and
accounting
ISUA has two subslots:
Subslot 1 holds various
FE/GE optical subboards.
Subslot 2 holds various FE
optical subboards.
If only one subboard is
configured, it is attached
to subslot 1 fixedly.
8 FE ports, or
4 FE ports + 2 GE
ports
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Name Type Function External port
ISUE
Intelligent
service unit
(The lower
subboard is
E4FB, a 4FE
electrical
interface
subboard)
User authentication and
accounting
ISUE has two subslots:
Subslot 1 holds various
FE/GE optical subboards.
Subslot 2 holds 4xFE
subboards fixedly.
8 FE ports, or
4 FE ports + 2 GE
ports
EIU
Uplink port
board
Uplink connection. 1 GE port
ADEF
64-port
ADSL2+ over
POTS board
External splitter
ADSL2+ over POTS access
GE bus
Line protection
64 ADSL2+ ports
ADBF
64-port
ADSL2+ over
ISDN board
External splitter
ADSL2+ over ISDN
GE bus
Line protection
64 ADSL2+ ports
SHEA
32-port SHDSL
board
SHDSL access
GE bus
Line protection
32 SHDSL ports

Table 2-3 All boards residing in the MA5600 splitter frame
Name Type Function Port
SPMF
Splitter frame
main control
board
Coordinate with the SCU to
implement line capture
control on the ADSL2+ board.
2 maintenance serial
ports
2 test ports
8 subtending test ports
SPLT
64-port
ADSL2+ over
POTS splitter
board
Splitting POTS signal from
ADSL2+ signal
Line capture
600 impedance
N+1 backup
64 ADSL2+ ports
64 LINE ports
64 POTS ports
SPLQ
64-port
ADSL2+ over
ISDN splitter
board
Supports:
Splitting POTS signal with
ADSL2+ signal (2B1Q)
Line capture
N+1 backup
64 ADSL2+ ports
64 LINE ports
64 ISDN ports

II. Subboards
Table 2-4 lists all the subboards attached the MA5600s SCU boards.
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Table 2-4 Subboards attached to the MA5600s SCU board
Name Type Position
H531O4GS 4-port GE optical subboard
H531O2GS 2-port GE optical subboard
H531E2GA
2-port GE/FE electrical
subboard
H561E4GFA
4-port GE/FE electrical
subboard
H561O4FM 4-port FE optical subboard
Note: The MA5600 optical port employs
the SFP swappable module. Various
reaches are supported through SFP
module replacement:
GE single-mode optical module: 10
km
GE multi-mode optical module: 500
m
FE single-mode optical module: 15
km
FE multi-mode optical module: 2 km

2.3 Software Architecture
The MA5600 software consists of the board software and host software. In Figure 2-6,
the part enclosed by the dotted line depicts the software architecture of the MA5600.
MA5600 software architecture
Serial
terminal
Telnet
Host software
Board
software 1
Board
software 2
Board
software N
...
Communication control bus
Serial port
connection
NMS
Inband/
outband
Inband/outbant

Figure 2-6 M5600 software architecture

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I. Board software
The MA5600 board software runs on the service boards for the following purposes:
Service management
Data management
Alarm management
Driving and diagnosis
II. Host software
The MA5600 host software runs on the main control board. The software architecture is
based on the TCP/IP model. This architecture covers configuration management,
system service, routing protocol, TCP/IP protocol stack, VLAN protocol, and bottom
driver. It processes network layer protocols, data link layer protocols and messages.
Figure 2-7 shows the MA5600 host software architecture.
TCP/UDP
IP forwarding engine (unicast/multicast forwarding)
Fast forwarding QoS
Routing strategy
management
System
service
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CLI
SNMP
Device management
TFTP FTP TELNET

STP/RSTP
Xmodem
IGMP Proxy 802.1x
Bottom driver
TCP/UDP
IP forwarding engine (unicast/multicast forwarding)
Fast forwarding QoS
Routing strategy
management
System
service
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CLI
SNMP
Device management
TFTP FTP TELNET

STP/RSTP
Xmodem
IGMP Proxy 802.1x
Bottom driver

Figure 2-7 Host software architecture of the MA5600
The MA5600 functional modules and their functions are summarized as follows:
Configuration management module
This module is composed of the CLI terminal and NMS.
System service module
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Services available include configuration, alarm generation, log, traffic statistics
collection and maintenance management.
Routing and TCP/IP protocol stack module
This module processes network layer protocols and data link layer protocols.
Bottom driver module
This module is responsible for device management, loading & backup, operation
system, virtual operating system, bottom layer communication and
communication reliability.
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Chapter 3 Service Functions
This chapter introduces service functions of the MA5600, including:
Broadband Access Services
VLAN Services
Multicast Services
MAC Address Management
Built-in ISU
Routing Management
ARP and ARP Proxy
STP/RSTP
QoS
Terminal Management
Environment Monitoring
3.1 Broadband Access Services
3.1.1 ADSL2+ Service
ADSL2+ is a new generation ADSL technology. Being fully compatible with ADSL,
ADSL2+ has the following enhanced features:
I. New operation modes
ADSL has three operation modes:
ADSL Annex A All Digital Mode ADSL with Improved Spectral Compatibility
with ADSL over POTS. It provides the POTS and ADSL services at the same time
over the same copper pairs.
ADSL Annex B All Digital Mode ADSL with Improved Spectral Compatibility
with ADSL over ISDN. It provides the ISDN and ADSL services at the same time
over the same copper pairs.
ADSL Annex C It provides ADSL in TCM-ISDN crosstalk environment. It is
mainly applied in Japan.
Apart from the above three modes, the following modes are added to ADSL2+:
Annex I Annex A without underlying POTS service. In this mode, the ADSL2
upstream channel uses a frequency spectrum of 3138 KHz, and supports 31
sub-carriers. Accordingly, the upstream bandwidth is increased to over 1 Mbit/s.
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Annex J Annex B without underlying ISDN service. In this mode, the upstream
uses a frequency spectrum of 3276 KHz and supports 64 sub-carriers.
Accordingly, the maximum upstream bandwidth is increased to 2.3 Mbit/s.
II. Improved transmission rate
Compared with ADSL, ADSL2+ supports much higher rate: up to 24 Mbit/s downstream
rate in short-reach transmissions. This is done though the following enhancements:
Improved frame structure
Optimized R-S coding
Wider frequency range
More subcarriers (up to 512)
When ADSL2 Annex J is adopted, the upstream rate can reach 2.3 Mbit/s.
III. Longer transmission reach
Compared with the 5 km reach of ADSL, ADSL2+ supports a transmission reach of 6.5
km at 192/128 kbit/s.
IV. Less power consumption
ADSL2+ supports power management, aiming to reduce overall power consumption.
The following measures are taken for this purpose:
It reduces the power consumption while guaranteeing reliable operation by
eliminating excess SNR margin and cutting back the transmit power.
The newly added L2 low power mode can reduce the transmit power by
maintaining just necessary management messages and synchronous signals
when there is no subscriber data traffic. However, the power mode will exit L2
mode to a normal mode when there is subscriber data traffic. Power consumption
in L2 mode is about 30% of that in normal power mode.
In ADSL2+, the CO and CPE both support power cutback ranging from 0 dB to
40 dB. This can effectively decrease transmit power in normal operations.
V. Reliable operation and good frequency spectrum interoperability
ADSL2+ is characterized by reliable operation and excellent frequency spectrum
interoperability:
The tone ordering and pilot tone location is determined by the receiver based on
the channel analysis in order to reflect the real channel conditions and to select the
best tone as the pilot tone. This improves reliability of the ADSL connection.
In the training, the tone blackout enables the receiver to test the Radio Frequency
Interference (RFI) distribution, and also enables control over the transmit power of
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each tone through the CO-MIB. This helps to avoid RFI and reduce crosstalk from
other wire pairs.
ADSL2+ supports dynamic rate adaptation. Enhanced bit swap and seamless rate
adaptation during show time can improve the tolerance to the line parameter
changing.
The short training procedure enables fast recovery and resynchronization from
errors.
VI. Line diagnosis
ADSL2+ supports dual-end loop test, enabling training between the CO and the CPE.
The following line parameters can be obtained through a line test:
Line characteristics
Quiet line noise Power Spectral Density (PSD)
SNR of a subcarrier
SNR gap of a subcarrier
Bearable bits of a subcarrier
Attainable data rate
VII. Better interconnectivity
ADSL2+ divides the ADSL transceiver into several sublayers:
Transport Protocol Specific Transmission Convergence (TPS-TC)
Physical Media Specific Transmission Convergence (PMS-TC)
Physical Medium Dependent (PMD)
Management Protocol Specific Transmission Convergence (MPS-TC)
It encapsulates each sublayer and defines messages between these sublayers. This
aids in interoperation between different vendors devices.
3.1.2 SHDSL Service
SHDSL provides high speed symmetric data service over one or two twisted pairs. In
SHDSL access application, the transmit rate ranges from 192 kbit/s to 2312 kbit/s.
SHDSL can automatically adjust the transmission rate at the step of 64 kbit/s based on
distance, line status and noise level.
Features of SHDSL module are as follows:
Conforming to ITU-T G.991.2 Annex A and Annex B.
Adopting Trellis Coded Pulse Amplitude Modulation (TC-PAM) for
modulation/modulation.
Delivering symmetric data rate at 1922312 kbit/s.
Adjusting the transmission rate at the step of 64 kbit/s based on the line conditions
at the time of initialization.
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The STU-R derives power supply from an external power unit. The ESH board
communicates with the external power unit and performs remote monitoring on
the power supply.
Querying and configures SHDSL line parameters, including upstream and
downstream transmission rate, NRS margin, output power, and line attenuation.
Supporting online loading of programmable units and board software.
Supporting remote maintenance and software upgrade.
Supporting output of line alarm messages.
Supporting online upgrading and remote maintenance of firmware and software.
Supporting board alarms and line alarms, including state alarms related to lines
and interfaces, as well as fault alarms related to the remote power supply of
subscriber interfaces.
3.1.3 LAN Service
LAN service is a popular data communication service at present. It allows data burst
and is delay insensitive. It is mainly applied to 100BASE-TX Ethernet access based on
UTP-5 for a reach smaller than 100 m.
The MA5600 is capable of transparent bridging for LAN access service. The MA5600
can provide broadband private line access for medium and small enterprises that are
unable to establish their own private networks, or are unable to afford digital data
networks (DDNs), allowing interconnection between the headquarters and the
branches, and between the enterprise and the Internet with guaranteed QoS such as
certain bandwidth and delay. In this way, these enterprises can easily establish their
own VPNs over the public network.
3.2 VLAN Services
VLAN technology classifies devices on a number of different local area networks (LANs)
based on logical instead of physical connections. This technology makes it possible to
divide a physical LAN into different broadcast domains (known as VLANs) logically.
3.2.1 Standard VLAN
A standard VLAN means a common VLAN. The ports in a standard VLAN are
interconnected and all ports are logically equal to each other. IEEE issued 802.1q
standard draft on LAN implementation in 1999.
The VLAN technology makes it possible to divide a physical LAN into different
broadcast domains (known as VLANs) logically. Each VLAN contains a group of work
stations with the same requirements, similar as a LAN in the physical sense. Since a
VLAN is based on logical connections, devices in a VLAN can be located in different
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network segments. The broadcast and unicast flows of one VLAN will not be forwarded
to other VLANs. This help to ease flow control, simplify network management, protect
carrier investment, and improve network security.
3.2.2 MUX VLAN
A MUX VLAN is an application of the VLAN technology. Its implementation is the same
as that of Standard VLAN. However, compared with a Standard VLAN, a MUX VLAN
includes one or more upstream ports and an access port. Upstream ports are
standardized, while the access port is a virtual service port for user access.
A MUX VLAN adopts a VLAN to identify an access connection.
3.2.3 Smart VLAN
A Smart VLAN is also an application of the VLAN technology. Its functions are the same
as those of Standard VLAN. However, compared with a Standard VLAN, a Smart VLAN
includes one upstream interface and multiple virtual service ports for user access, but
these virtual service ports are isolated each other.
Smart VLAN has the following features:
Two types of ports: upstream port and downstream port
The downstream ports are isolated from each other on the physical layer; the
downstream port can communicate with the upstream port; the upstream ports
can communicate with each other; the principle for interworking between
upstream ports in Smart VLAN is the same as that in common VLAN.
Broadcast domains are isolated at two layers (physical layer and link layer),
thereby restricting the broadcast domain and broadcast packets to ensure the
user privacy and network security.
The MA5600 supports 255 Smart VLANs.
In real application, after you allocate multiple downstream ports and one or more
upstream ports to a Smart VLAN, the system will automatically create internal mapping
between the upstream port(s) and downstream ports. In this way MUX VLAN helps to
ease the manual configuration isolate user packets at L2. Such strategy simplifies the
configuration and saves VLAN and IP address resources.
A Smart VLAN does not affect implementation of a common VLAN.
3.2.4 Super VLAN
Super VLAN and Sub VLAN are supported in VLAN aggregation. A Sub VLAN is a
MUX VLAN, Smart VLAN, or Standard VLAN, but cannot work in QinQ or Stacking
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mode. A Sub VLAN belongs to a Super VLAN, and a Super VLAN can include a group
of Sub VLANs.
A Super VLAN corresponds to a route interface at L3. All Sub VLANs in the Super
VLAN share the route interface. This helps to save IP address resources.
A Super VLAN is in a physical network, using VLANs to separate it from broadcast
domains. Host IP addresses are allocated within a network segment, using a default
gateway.
3.2.5 QinQ VLAN
802.1q in 802.1q (QinQ) VLAN enables transmission of VLANs and services of a
private network to the peer end transparently. It is mainly used for leased line services.
A QinQ VLAN ensures that an enterprises internal VLAN Tags can reach to a remote
network through a simple layer 2 tunnel. The following introduces the implementation of
a QinQ VLAN.
After receiving a packet with private VLAN tag, a DSLAM device will assign a public
VLAN ID to the packet and then send it to the upstream network. The packet is
transmitted in the metropolitan backbone network based on its public VLAN ID. When it
reaches a DSLAM device on the other end of the backbone network, its public VLAN
tag will be extracted and restore the original user packet. Then, the packet will be sent
to the CPE.
In summary, the packet delivered in the backbone network has two layers of 802.1q
tags: a public VLAN tag and a private one. In this way, transparent delivery of private
VLANs is realized and public VLAN ID resources are greatly saved.
3.2.6 VLAN Stacking
VLAN stacking is adopted to realize VLAN extension and private line wholesale
service.
When multiple ISPs exist in a L2 metropolitan network, in user access, the user is
identified by its external VLAN ID in the VLAN stacking. The external VLAN ID tells to
which ISP the user belongs. When a user port is connected to a DSLAM device, the
packets from the port are labeled with L2 Tags by the DSLAM device.
The implementation of VLAN stacking is as follows:
VLAN extension
A BRAS is need for VLAN extension and user identification. The system assigns
an internal tag (Customer VLAN) to each port where VLAN stacking is enabled.
Then, the system adds an external tag (Service Provider VLAN) to the ports
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respectively. The packets from these ports are forwarded in the network based on
their external VLAN IDs. After having received the packets, the BRAS will extract
the external VLAN tag and identifies the user by the internal VLAN tag.
Private line wholesale service
When VLAN stacking is adopted to realize private line wholesale service, it is
required that the upper layer network works in L2 mode, and packets are
forwarded directly based on VLANs and MAC addresses.
3.3 Multicast Services
Multicast refers to a process of transmitting packets of data from one source to many
destinations. The key of multicast technology is to carry out packet duplication as near
as the receiver.
Multicast helps to:
Reduce load on the server, so that the server need not handle request on a per
user basis.
Save network bandwidth, which lowers the requirement on the network device.
Adapt to various user quantities, so that increase of users will not impose pressure
on the network.
The following example shows the implementation of multicast. Assume a source host
sends a datagram. The destination in the datagram is the multicast address. All hosts in
the multicast group (namely hosts with the destination multicast address) group can
receive a copy of the datagram. But other hosts in the network cannot receive the
packet. A multicast group is identified by D-class IP address (from 224.0.0.0 to
239.255.255.255).
The MA5600 supports IGMP Proxy and managed multicast.
3.3.1 IGMP Proxy
The MA5600 supports the IGMP proxy function. With the IGMP proxy function, the
multicast router, rather than the MA5600, performs the routing.
From the perspective of a multicast user, the MA5600 is a multicast router
implementing the routers functions defined in the IGMP. It receives the requests from
its downlink users for joining or leaving a multicast group. It also queries at regular
intervals whether a downstream port has multicast group users. By doing so, the
MA5600 obtains multicast group membership information on the downstream ports.
On the other hand, from the perspective of a multicast router, the MA5600 is a multicast
host which sends IGMP requests to the multicast router for joining or leaving a
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designated multicast group. The multicast router does not feel the existence of real
user hosts.
The MA5600 controls the multicast group demanded by the user through the CLI or
NMS. Then it forwards the multicast traffic from the upstream port to the downstream
port based on its group membership information.
The uplink and the downstream ports may not belong to the same VLAN. That is,
inter-VLAN multicast forward is supported. However, an upstream port cannot forward
the multicast data received from its downstream ports, or forward multicast data to
other upstream ports.
3.3.2 Managed Multicast
The MA5600 provides managed multicast based on standardized multicast protocols.
Managed multicast means that the multicast message is under control. It involves:
Program management
This prevents illegal multicast stream from being forwarded.
User management
This prevents illegal users from watching video programs, and restricts the
number of programs a user can watch, fast-leave, and so on.
Authority management
Different multicast users have different authorities to watch and preview programs.
This function enables an operable BTV.
3.4 MAC Address Management
The MA5600 maintains an address list in its main control board and service boards
respectively for packet forwarding. It contains the MA5600 port numbers, and the MAC
addresses of other devices connected to the MA5600.
The MA5600 is capable of learning new addresses. If the source address of a received
packet does not exist in the address list, the MA5600 can add the source address and
the port ID of the received packet to the address list as a new entry. The Administrator
can configure the address list as required. The added or modified item can be either a
static one or a dynamic one.
The MA5600 also provides address aging function. The MA5600 will delete the
associated address items of the equipment which has not sent any packet for a certain
period of time. The address aging function only applies to dynamic address entries.
The addresses are shared by all VLANs.
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3.5 Built-in ISU
The MA5600 supports the remote broadband access server functions through its
built-in Intelligent Service Unit (ISU). The ISU enhances the MA5600 performances in
respect of user management, service control, as well as authentication & accounting.
The built-in ISU has these functions:
Supporting both VLAN user access and PPPoE user access.
Providing multiple authentication means for fixed network users and wireless
network users. (For instance, port binding authentication, Web authentication, and
fast Web authentication.)
Supporting leveled user control based on domain name and user account.
Supporting high speed forwarding, switching and routing.
Managing the user and the equipment.
Supporting accounting based on traffic or duration.
Supporting accounting using RADIUS. The ISU can store 50,000 bills in a local
memory; and it can output the accounting data to an AAA server anytime.
Supporting both static and dynamic IP address allocation and management.
Managing multicast user groups using IGMP.
3.6 Routing Management
In the MA5600, you can either configure a static route manually, or configure a dynamic
routing protocol for the system to detect a dynamic route. The static route and the
dynamic route are managed uniformly by the MA5600. The static routes and the
dynamic routes can be shared.
I. Static route
A static route is a special kind of route that is configured manually by the administrator.
By configuring a static route, an interworking network will be created. However, when a
network fault occurs, the static route cannot change automatically, and the
administrator has to reconfigure it.
II. RIP
Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is a kind of protocol based on the V-D algorithm. It
exchanges routing information through the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) datagram,
and sends the routing updates every 30 seconds. If the router does not receive an
update from the opposite end within 180 seconds, all updates from this router will be
labeled unreachable. Moreover, the updates will be deleted if this router still does not
receive any update within another 120 seconds.
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RIP uses Hop Count to measure the distance to the sink machine, which is called
Routing Metric. With RIP, the hop count from the equipment to the network connected
directly with it is 0 (defined as 1 in some protocol), the distance from the equipment to a
network reachable is 1 hop, and the rest may be deduced by analogy. To restrict the
convergence time, the Metric is defined as an integral number in the range of 015 in
RIP. The hop count will be taken as infinite if it is greater than or equal to 16.
To avoid route loopback and enhance the performance, RIP supports the split-horizon
algorithm. The trigger update is adopted for the change of the routing information.
Moreover, this protocol allows the redistribution of routes obtained by other routing
protocols.
The MA5600 supports two versions of RIP (that is, RIP I and RIP II) at the same time.
RIP II supports authentication in both clear text and MD5 cipher text and the
length-variable subnet mask.
III. OSPF
In the IP network, Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) can dynamically detect and
transmit routes by collecting and transmitting the link state of the autonomous system.
At present, the second version of OSPF is used. It has the following characteristics:
Wide application range
OSPF supports networks of various scales, with a maximum of several hundreds
of routers supported.
Fast convergence
If the topology of the network changes, OSPF can transmit update packets
immediately so that the change can be synchronized with the autonomous
system.
No self-loop
OSPF calculates routes based on the algorithm of shortest path tree first through
the collected link state. Therefore, the algorithm itself can ensure that no self-loop
route is generated.
Subnet mask
OSPF carries the mask information about the network section when describing the
route. Therefore, the OSPF protocol gets free from the restriction of the natural
mask and provides sound support for Variable-Length Subnet Mask (VLSM).
Area division
OSPF allows the network of the autonomous system to be divided into various
areas for management. In this way, the inter-area transmitted routing information
is further abstracted, thus reducing the occupied network bandwidth.
Equivalent route
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OSPF supports multiple equivalent routes to the same destination.
Route hierarchy
OSPF uses 4 types of routes. Based on the sequence of preferences, these
routes are: intra-area route, inter-area route, the first category of external route
and the second category of external route respectively.
Supporting authentication
It supports the interface-based packet authentication to ensure the security of the
route calculation.
Multicast transmission
OSPF can transmit protocol packets by the multicast address at the link layer
capable of multicast transmission. In this way, the broadcast function is realized
and the interference to other network equipment is reduced to the minimum
degree.
3.7 ARP and ARP Proxy
I. ARP
ARP realizes dynamic mapping between an IP address and an MAC address, allowing
the host to find the physical address of a target on the same network given the target's
IP Address.
II. ARP Proxy
When an L3 broadcast domain is isolated at L2 by network devices, ARP Proxy is used
to enable normal communication between two hosts isolated from each other at L2, the
network device need support ARP Proxy.
ARP Proxy is used in VLAN aggregation applications such as a Smart VLAN where the
users in the same VLAN are isolated. Here ARP Proxy is only concerned with such
application as users in the same VLAN are isolated from each other by network
devices.
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Respond PC1
with MAC
port1
ARP-PROXY
ARP-request ARP-reply
port2
PC1 PC1
Respond PC2
with MAC

Figure 3-1 ARP Proxy implementation
As shown in Figure 3-1, PC1 and PC2 both belong to VLAN1. They are isolated from
each other at L2. When PC1 needs to communicate with PC2, it will send an ARP
request after having found that PC2 is located in the same subnet as PC1.
When the MA5600 receives the ARP request, it firstly searches the destination IP
address carried by the ARP request in the ARP table. If the MA5600 finds the
corresponding entry, it will respond PC1 with VLAN1s MAC address, thereby
completing the proxy function.
If the MA5600 cannot find the corresponding entry, it will replace the source MAC
address contained in the request with VLAN1s MAC address, and broadcast the
request in VLAN1. Meanwhile, the MA5600 will also add the information it learnt from
the ARP request to the dynamic ARP table.
After that, when the MA5600 receives PC2s ARP response, whose destination MAC
address is VLAN1s MAC address, its ARP module will search the MAC address in the
ARP table. If the MA5600 finds in the table the MAC address entry corresponding to
VLAN1, it will then respond PC1 with this MAC address.
3.8 STP/RSTP
Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is applicable to loop network. Targeted at preventing
infinite packet generation and cycling within the loop network, STP uses a certain
algorithm to block redundant routes and modify the loop network into loopless tree
network.
STP functions as follows: It determines the network topology through exchanging of a
specific packet between devices. This packet is referred to as configuration message
in IEEE 802.1D. The configuration message contains information necessary for the
spanning tree calculation.
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Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) supported by the MA5600 is an updated version
of STP. Here, 'rapid means in RSTP, the time delay is greatly reduced for the root port
or specified port to enter the forward state when the network device or link changes.
3.9 QoS
QoS, in simple words, refers to providing services of different qualities to different
network traffics depending on the service requirements.
3.9.1 Flow Classification
Flow classification is intended to identify appropriate packets by certain rules.
The rules may be quite simple, for example according to ToS byte in an IP header. The
rules may also be complicated, for example according to combination of MAC address,
IP protocol type, source address, destination address and port number.
3.9.2 DiffServ Service
DiffServ refers to differentiated services. It classifies packets based on the
differentiated services codepoint (DSCP) contained in the ToS byte in an IP header.
DiffServ guarantees different levels of QoS. For example,
At the edge of DiffServ domain, incoming packets are assigned with different
DSCPs.
In the center of DiffServ domain where the MA5600 is located, packets are
forwarded based on the per-hop behavior determined by different DSCPs.
3.9.3 Traffic Policing and Port Rate Limit
Traffic ploicing
Traffic policing is used to limit traffic flow within a valid range. It monitors the incoming
traffic flow on an ingress port. The packet whose rate exceeds the agreed value will be
discarded or tagged.
Port rate limit
You can control the bandwidth of a flow at the egress port by means of limiting it within
the agreed range.
After a rate limit is specified at the egress port, packets beyond the threshold will be
discarded.
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3.9.4 Queue Scheduling
Queue scheduling offers a solution to the network resource contention when multiple
packets are forwarded at the same time. The MA5600 supports strict priority queuing
(PQ) algorithm and WRR algorithm.
The algorithms are summarized as follows.
I. PQ algorithm
Figure 3-2 shows the PQ algorithm.
high
medium
normal
low
Queuing scheduling
Packets leaving the port
Queuing
Packets entering
the port
Classifying

Figure 3-2 Schematic diagram of PQ
PQ aims to give strict priority to important traffic. The important traffic is given absolute
preferential treatment over low-priority queues. In PQ, each packet is placed in one of
four queues: high, medium, normal, or low, which are indicated by 3, 2, 1 and 0
respectively.
In PQ, traffic with a higher priority gets preferential treatment over that of a lower priority.
Therefore, mission-critical traffic is served earlier than the less-critical traffic.
Disadvantage of PQ is that the lower priority traffic may be underserved during network
congestion.
II. WRR algorithm
By WRR algorithm, traffic on a port is divided into four or eight outbound queues. Each
queue takes its turn in queue scheduling, so that all queues can be served for some
time. Each queue is assigned with a weighted value among w3, w2, w1 and w0.
Different weighted value represents different weight.
Take a 100 M port for instance. Assign the weighted value of its WRR algorithm to 50,
30, 10, and 10 (corresponding to w3, w2, w1 and w0 in turn). This aims to guarantee
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the minimum bandwidth of 10 M to the lowest PQ. In this way, packets in the lower PQ
can be served.
Another advantage of WRR algorithm is that it guarantees efficient use of bandwidth
resource. Time allocated to each WRR queue is not fixed. Therefore, when no traffic is
available in one queue, bandwidth resource will be switched to next queue
immediately.
There is also traffic mirroring function which monitors specific traffic flow. It copies
packets on the monitored port for testing and troubleshooting.
3.10 Terminal Management
The terminal management system consists of three parts: NMS, the MA5600 and the
terminal system.
The NMS associates the subscriber port with actual network components.
The MA5600 converts SNMP packets and transparently transmits them between
the NMS and the terminal.
The terminal implements access control over the SNMP agents and terminal
MIBs.
The NMS enables indirect access on the terminal MIBs through the MA5600. As a
result, the NMS achieves centralized management over the terminals, and coordinates
the management and configuration at both the terminals and the office end.
SNMP V1 packets are transmitted between the host systems (also know as proxies).
Upon receiving a request from the NMS, the host system converts the packet and
then forwards it to the board.
After receiving a response from the board, the host system converts the packet
and sends it back to the NMS.
Similarly, after receiving a Trap packet from the board, the host system converts
the Trap packet and sends it to the NMS.
Terminal management means at the office end you can configure and manage the
RTUs, and collect and maintain information on them. In this way, the end users no
longer need to maintain their terminals on the remote end.
In coordination with the NMS, the MA5600 and the RTU, the terminal management
system can:
Perform PVC and protocol configuration of the terminal for service provisioning.
Monitor the terminal status in real time so to discover a fault timely.
Test the terminal to locate a fault quickly.
Manage and maintains all terminals remotely in the office end NMS center in a
centralized manner.
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Upgrade the terminal software or other components online.
3.11 Environment Monitoring
The MA5600 Environment Monitor Unit (EMU) monitors the system power supply and
the environment parameters.
Power supply involves the mains power input, DC power distribution, rectifier and
batteries.
Environment parameters involve the temperature, humidity, door sensor, smoke, water
and MDF.
I. Composition of EMU
In terms of hardware, the EMU consists of an environment monitor board and various
sensors. They are responsible for data collection and control of environment
parameters (inside and outside the cabinet) and some supply parameters.
In terms of software, various environment data is displayed and configured through the
CLI or the NMS.
II. Object of the EMU
The EMU can monitor in real time various environment parameters (involving the MDF,
power supply, distribution, temperature, humidity, smoke, water and alarm), as well as
generate alarms when abnormalities occur. In this way, the EMU guarantees the
normal environment and high reliability for the device.
III. Function of the EMU
The EMU has these functions:
Managing and controls the monitor board.
Checking the monitor parameters of the power, frame and distribution, and
generates alarms in exceptions.
Displaying the configuration of environment monitor module and its relevant data.
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Chapter 4 Networking Applications
The MA5600 can be applied in residential communities, commercial buildings, hotels,
hospitals, campuses or enterprises to offer operable and manageable high speed
broadband services.
4.1 System Networking
4.1.1 IP-DSLAM Application
The MA5600 serves as an IP DSLAM device.
In the downstream direction, it provides ADSL2+, SHDSL and Ethernet access,
facilitating high speed access for commercial users, enterprises, network cafs and
common users.
In the upstream direction, it connects to a BRAS on the convergence layer through its
Ethernet uplink ports on the SCU or EIU board. The BRAS can be a centralized BRAS,
a distributed BRAS, or an office-end BRAS. The BRAS is responsible for user
authentication, user management and service management.
Figure 4-1 shows the networking of xDSL access application.
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I
P
BRAS
AAA Server
IP
NMS
Commercial
user
iManager N2000
MA5600
Residential
user
iTELLINOpenDSE
MA5600
MA5600
MA5600
MA5600
MA5600
MA5600
Residential
user
Residential
user
Commercial
user
Commercial
user
Residential
user

Figure 4-1 xDSL IP-DSLAM application
4.1.2 Built-in ISU Application
In addition to serving as an IP DSLAM, the MA5600 also supports the built-in ISU
application to enable service management, bandwidth management, and security
management for commercial users. In this way, the MA5600 offers a bypass access
solution for commercial users.
The built-in ISU module (namely the ISU board) on the MA5600 can separate the
common subscriber traffic from the commercial user traffic. The common subscriber
traffic is sent upstream to the convergence layer (L3) by the main control system, or
sent to the BRAS for authentication and then to the Internet.
However, the commercial user traffic, after processed by the ISU, is directly sent
through the FE/GE port to the MAN network, without being further processed by the
BRAS.
Figure 4-2 shows the application of the built-in ISU.
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FE
IP
BRAS
0 15
Bypass for
commercial users
L3
FE/GE
Residential user
Commercial user/
Private line user
Commercial user/
Enterprise/Organization
ADSL2+ FE SHDSL FE
I
S
U
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
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C
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A
D
E
A
D
E
A
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A
D
E
A
D
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D
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Commercial user/
Internet cafe

Figure 4-2 The built-in ISU application of the MA5600
The built-in ISU is applicable to Internet cafes, medium and small enterprises, VPN
subscribers, governmental organs, and hotels to provide:
Diverse services
ADSL2+/SHDSL/Ethernet private line service for medium and small enterprises.
L2TP VPN service for large enterprises.
IP HOTEL solution for hotels.
Enhanced security management
Various binding modes, including IP+VLAN+MAC binding, IP+ port binding,
and account+ port binding.
Sophisticated ACL firewall.
Sophisticated bandwidth management
CAR based bandwidth management, with a control granularity of 64 kbit/s.
Flexible service management
Traffic classification based on source/destination MAC address,
source/destination IP address, TCP/UDP port number, or VLAN.
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Differentiated services through L2 802.1P prioritization and L3 DSCP
prioritization.
Dedicated management platform for ISU related commercial users
4.1.3 Subtending Application
The MA5600 supports Ethernet-based subtending. DSLAMs can be subtended in
multiple levels through:
FE/GE ports on the SCU board
GE port on the EIU board
The MA5600s support of subtending helps to enlarge the network coverage, which
meets the large capacity requirement.
I. Subtending through the SCU
Figure 4-3 shows the subtending networking application, where the MA5600 is
subtended to an MA5600/MA5300 frame.
In this networking, the SCU provides GE/FE ports to connect to other DSLAM devices.
Two types of slave frames are available:
MA5600 frame. It uses the SCU as the main control board to provide Ethernet
uplink ports.
MA5300 frame. It uses the ESM as the main control board to provide Ethernet
uplink ports.
MA5600 MA5300
GE/FE GE/FE
MA5600
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
A
D
E
S
H
E
A
A
D
E
A
D
E
A
D
E
A
D
E
A
D
E
A
D
E
S
C
U
E
S
H
A
E
S
H
A
E
A
D
E
S
M
A
D
E
A
D
E
S
C
U
S
H
E
A

Figure 4-3 Subtending through the SCU
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II. Subtending through the EIU
Figure 4-4 shows the subtending networking of the MA5600 through the EIU.
In this networking, the EIU on the MA5600 provides GE ports to connect to the MA5600
(or MA5300) frames in subtending. Two types of slave frames are available:
MA5600 frame. It uses the SCU as the main control board to provide Ethernet
uplink ports.
MA5300 frame. It uses the ESM as the main control board to provide Ethernet
uplink ports.
MA5600 MA5300
GE GE
MA5600
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
S
H
E
A
A
D
E
S
H
E
A
A
D
E
A
D
E
A
D
E
A
D
E
A
D
E
A
D
E
E
S
H
A
E
S
H
A
E
A
D
A
D
E
A
D
E
S
H
E
A
C
U
S
C
U
S
E
S
M
E
S
M
S
C
U
S
C
U
E
I
U
E
I
U

Figure 4-4 Subtending through the EIU
4.2 Typical Applications
4.2.1 QinQ Application
The MA5600 supports QinQ application, as shown in Figure 4-5.
The enterprise traffic adopts xDSL access and is delivered in VLAN mode. As shown in
Figure 4-5, the users of VLAN1 and VLAN2 are accessed to the port which belongs to
VLAN3. QinQ is enabled on the MA5600, so that the MA5600 will add a public VLAN ID
to the user packet, and forward the packet to the upstream network.
In the backbone network, the packet is transmitted using the public VLAN ID. After the
packet reaches the MA5600 on the other side of the backbone network, the MA5600
will extract the public VLAN tag from the packet, and send the packet to the user-side
equipment.
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In QinQ application, the packet transmitted in the backbone network has two layers of
802.1Q tags: a public VLAN tag and a private VLAN tag.
This application allows allocation of a public VLAN ID to user packets so that the
packets can be transmitted over the backbone network using the same VLAN ID. In this
way, public VLAN ID resources are greatly saved, facilitating point to point
interconnection between private line users across the MAN.
IP
Internet
Router
MA5600
Modem
L2
User User
User
L2
Modem
VLAN1 VLAN1 VLAN2 VLAN2
VLAN3 VLAN3
MA5600
User
QinQ
private line

Figure 4-5 QinQ application
4.2.2 VLAN Stacking Application
The MA5600 supports VLAN stacking application, as shown in Figure 4-6.
The implementation of VLAN stacking is similar to that of QinQ private line application.
Compared with QinQ application, the user packet in VLAN stacking application is
untagged. After reaching the MA5600, it will be tagged with two layers of VLAN IDs
(Service Provider VLAN + Customer VLAN), and then transmitted over the backbone
network through the Service Provider VLAN ID, namely the external VLAN ID.
After the packet reaches the MA5600 on the other side of the backbone network, the
MA5600 queries the output PVC ID and extracts the two layers of VLAN IDs from the
user packet. Then the MA5600 forwards the packet through the VLAN stacking port.
VLAN stacking is suitable for user VLAN extension and private line wholesale service.
When VLAN extension and user identification are needed, a BRAS is required. When
private line wholesale service is needed, the upstream network need be in Layer 2
working mode, so that the packets can be directly transmitted using VLAN IDs and
MAC addresses.
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FE/GE
FE/GE
FE/GE
L2/L3
BRAS
ISP2
ISP1
L2/L3
MAN
FE/GE
FE/GE
Internet
MA5600
Modem
MA5600
MA5600
PC
PC
PC PC
Modem
Modem
Enterprise A
Enterprise B
ISP2 enterprise
wholesale user, directly
sent to ISP2
Common user, identified
by 2-layer VLAN tags
with help from BRAS.
ISP1 enterprise
wholesale user, directly
sent to ISP1

Figure 4-6 VLAN stacking application
4.2.3 Triple Play Application
Triple play enables unified access and management of VoIP, Internet access and BTV
services. The MA5600 supports triple play application through a built-in ISU or an
external BRAS.
I. Triple play application through a built-in ISU
Figure 4-7 shows the triple play application through the built-in ISU. It is suitable for
scenarios where a built-in ISU is required.
The built-in ISU functions as the service gateway of triple play to manage the users of
PPPoE Internet access, VoIP and BTV services at the same time. It selects services
based on the terminal type:
PC uses PPPoE access.
Integrated Access Device (IAD) and Set Top Box (STB) use DHCP access.
The IAD and STB need to support DHCP option60. Based on the option60 domain,
the built-in ISU assigns IP addresses at different network segments to the two
types of terminals. It also uses different user management strategies accordingly,
including QoS and bandwidth control strategies.
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MA5600
(Internal BRAS)
DHCP Server
GW
CPE ISP/ASP
IAD
TV
STB
ATU-R
PHONE
PC
Home network
Router
GE
OSS & Radius Server/Radius Proxy
NMS
DHCP
DHCP
PPPoE
NSP
PSTN
Internet
Video
IP
MA5600
(Internal BRAS)
DHCP Server
GW
CPE ISP/ASP
IAD
TV
STB
ATU-R
PHONE
PC
Home network
Router
GE
OSS & Radius Server/Radius Proxy
NMS
DHCP
DHCP
PPPoE
NSP
PSTN
Internet
Video
IP

Figure 4-7 Triple play application (through a built-in ISU)
II. Triple play application (through an external BRAS)
Figure 4-8 shows the triple play application through the built-in BRAS. It is suitable for
scenarios where an external BRAS has been deployed and built-in BRAS is not
required.
In this networking application, triple services are accessed to the MA5600 through the
Home Gateway. The MA5600 makes the multi-service selection.
The MA5600 supports L2 and L3 forwarding. All xDSL ports are allocated to the same
Smart VLAN. Ports in the Smart VLAN are isolated from each other.
The PPPoE packets of the PC are sent to the BRAS transparently through an L2
VLAN.
L3 interfaces and DHCP Relay are configured for the VLAN.
The STB and IAD use DHCP access. They can be allocated with IP addresses at
different network segments based on the terminal type.
The traffic of IP TV and VoIP services are accessed to the MA5600 through L3
interfaces. The MA5600 then delivers the traffic through L3 forwarding.
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MA5600
(External BRAS)
DHCP Server
GW
CPE ISP/ASP
IAD
TV
STB
ATU-R
PHONE
PC
Home network
Router
GE
OSS & Radius Server/Radius Proxy
NMS
DHCP
DHCP
PPPoE
NSP
Home Gateway
BRAS
LSW
PSTN
Internet
Video
IP
MA5600
(External BRAS)
DHCP Server
GW
CPE ISP/ASP
IAD
TV
STB
ATU-R
PHONE
PC
Home network
Router
GE
OSS & Radius Server/Radius Proxy
NMS
DHCP
DHCP
PPPoE
NSP
Home Gateway
BRAS
LSW
PSTN
Internet
Video
IP

Figure 4-8 Triple play application (through an external BRAS)
4.2.4 Residential Community Application
In the residential community application, traffic streams from the community are
accessed to the upstream MAN through an L3 switch or an MA5600 device.
The FE ports of the MA5600 can be used to construct a LAN of community information
management center. The residential users are able to enjoy services such as high
speed Internet surfing and VOD through xDSL Modems.
The MA5600 also enables intelligent management of the community through the
intelligent data terminal (IDT).
Advantages of residential community application are as follows:
It makes the most of the existing networking resources.
The MA5600 is located in the center of a community, which eases the system
management and maintenance.
System expansion can be easily achieved by means of subtending.
Figure 4-9 shows the networking of residential community application.
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PC
ADSL2+ ... ...
MA5600
L2
PC
FE
IP
Community data
center
H
U
B
IDT
H
U
B
IDT
AAA
Web
VOD
DHCP
... ...
Water meter
Other sensors
Electric meter
Smoke alarm
... ...
Water meter
Other sensors
Electric meter
Smoke alarm

Figure 4-9 Residential community application
4.2.5 IP Hotel Application
In IP Hotel application, the MA5600 offers services such as high speed Internet access
and VOD. The MA5600 can implement user accounting based on access duration or
traffic volume. In addition, the MA5600 can assist in guest check-in and check-out in
conjunction with the Centrex console in a hotel.
Figure 4-10 shows the networking of the MA5600 in IP Hotel application.
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iTellin
MA5600
......
L2
Hotel Internet egress
......
IP HOTEL
IP
Console
Internal info center
Hotel A Hotel B
Console
IP HOTEL IP HOTEL IP HOTEL

Figure 4-10 Networking of IP Hotel application
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Chapter 5 Management and Maintenance
The MA5600 supports simple and effective management and maintenance means.
This chapter details how to maintain the MA5600 through the following two modes:
CLI mode
NMS mode
5.1 System Maintenance
The MA5600 provides simple and effective maintenance means as introduced in the
following sections.
I. System configuration
You can configure and maintain the MA5600 in CLI or NMS mode.
The MA5600 NMS supports CLI-based management and SNMP-based management.
In CLI mode, you can maintain the MA5600 locally through a serial port connection
or remotely over a Telnet session.
In NMS mode, you can maintain the MA5600 through inband NMS and/or outband
NMS based on SNMP.
II. System maintenance
The MA5600 carries out system management and maintenance through:
LEDs on each board to indicate the board running status.
Hierarchical user authority control, log management and online help.
Level-based alarm management and alarm filtering.
System status query, version query, as well as debugging and monitoring of
system performance.
Environment monitoring, routine management, as well as fault test and diagnosis
(such as xDSL line test, F5 OAM loopback).
III. Software upgrade
The MA5600 offers multiple means for you to upgrade the software online, and allows
you to roll back to the previous version in case the upgrade fails.
Software upgrade can be realized in these ways:
Using Xmodem protocol through the serial port.
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Using Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) or File Transfer Program (FTP) through
the Ethernet port.
Using Telnet to realize remote upgrading.
5.2 CLI Mode
5.2.1 Running Environment
The CLI-based network management can be realized using operating system attached
programs such as Telnet and HyperTerminal. It does not require extra NMS software.
For example, to maintain the system through serial port connection, you can use the
HyperTerminal of Windows OS; or to maintain the system through a Telnet session, you
can use the Telnet client software.
5.2.2 Characteristics
You can configure all services for the MA5600 in CLI mode. Its major functions are
listed as follows.
I. Local and remote maintenance
The MA5600 CLI supports local and remote maintenance through serial port or
Ethernet port. The MA5600 has embedded Telnet server, which supports multiple
concurrent online sessions.
II. Hierarchical protection
The MA5600 CLI supports hierarchical protection. This function prevents unauthorized
access and operations. For commands that may interrupt services, the system will give
prompts.
III. Easy online help
The MA5600 CLI provides rich and easy online help that eases your operation.
IV. Abundant commands
The MA5600 CLI provides abundant commands and rich prompts to assist the user in
configuring, managing and maintaining the MA5600.
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V. Intelligent command match
The MA5600 CLI interpreter supports incomplete searching method for key words. To
obtain a certain interpretation, you need to enter the non-conflicting key words.
VI. Retrieval of history commands
The CLI provides a function similar to the Doskey. With this function, the executed
commands can be saved automatically, and you can retrieve them from the CLI at any
time to execute them again.
5.2.3 Networking
In CLI network management, the maintenance personnel can log in to the MA5600
through the serial port or a Telnet session to maintain and configure the MA5600. See
Figure 5-1.
MA5600
IP
PSTN
Remote maintenance terminal
(via serial port)
Local maintenance terminal
Remote maintenance terminal
(via network port)

Figure 5-1 Networking for CLI-based network management
5.3 NMS Mode
The MA5600 communicates with the NMS based on SNMP. It supports the iManager
N2000 NMS of Huawei. The following section is an overview of the iManager N2000.
5.3.1 Running Environment
I. Server hardware configuration
You can choose a PC server or UNIX workstation.
The NMS server to be used depends on the actual management requirement. For large
and medium NMS, a UNIX workstation is recommended.
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II. Server software configuration
Windows operating system: Windows 2000 Server + SQL Server 2000
UNIX operating system: Solaris 8.0 or above + Sybase 12
N2000 NMS software: N2000 NMS server software package
III. Client hardware configuration
You can choose a PC or UNIX workstation.
IV. Client software configuration
Windows operating system: Windows 2000 Professional
UNIX operating system: Solaris 8.0 or above
N2000 NMS software: N2000 NMS client software package
5.3.2 Characteristics
The iManager N2000 provides the following functions for you to manage DSLAM
devices.
Integrated DSLAM device management
The iManager N2000 can manage DSLAM devices, routers and LAN switches
and RTUs in a centralized manner. Through a unified management platform, it can
monitor and manage all devices in the network. This significantly eases network
maintenance.
Performance monitoring and traffic statistics collection
The iManager N2000 enables you to monitor system performance and collect
traffic statistics of all devices or a specified device in the network, so that the
resources can be utilized in a reasonable way.
Batch service provisioning
The iManager N2000 supports batch service processing to shorten the time in
deploying the service and responding to end users requirements.
Data backup and uploading
The iManager N2000 provides manual or timed backup or uploading of all devices
(or a specified device) in the network. This greatly enhances security of the device
data in the DSLAM network and eases large scale software upgrade in the
network.
NMS security solution
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The iManager N2000 provides a tool to back up the NMS database, which
supports both manual and timed backup and restoration of the NMS data. In
addition, it supports remote monitoring, enabling remote status monitoring of the
NMS and the NMS database.
Fault management
The iManager N2000 offers an overall network alarm management solution,
enabling fast fault locating and trouble shooting.
Alarm window switching
To simplify the trouble shooting, the iManager N2000 supports window switching.
For example, it allows switching from the topological window to the alarm window,
or switching from the alarm window to the faulty port.
Graphic User Interface
The iManager N2000 provides friendly graphic user interfaces, including:
Network topology view
Panel view
Terminal management view
The iManager N2000 also provides a complete and easy-to-use help system to
assist you in operating the MA5600..
5.3.3 Networking
The MA5600 supports both inband NMS and outband NMS. In actual applications,
outband NMS and inband NMS are usually used in combination.
I. Inband NMS networking
Inband NMS refers to the NMS implemented through the service channel provided by
the managed devices. See Figure 5-2.
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NMS server
NMS client A NMS client B
Intranet
Integrated NMS center
MA5600
MA5600
Local maintenance terminal
Intranet
IP

Figure 5-2 Inband NMS networking
Advantages: Inband network features flexible networking and requires no additional
devices.
Disadvantages: The traffic generated in maintenance occupies the service channel,
making it impossible to maintain a managed device when it is faulty.
II. Outband NMS networking
Outband NMS refers to the NMS implemented through communication channels
provided by special devices rather than by the managed devices. See Figure 5-3.
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NMS server
NMS client A NMS client B
Intranet
Integrated NMS center
MA5600
MA5600
Local maintenance
terminal
Router
RTU
WEB browser
Management
port
Uplink port
PC
PC

Figure 5-3 Outband NMS networking
Advantages: Outband NMS provides more reliable channels for device management.
The NMS can timely locate the fault occurred to a managed device, and monitor the
managed device in real time.
Disadvantages: Outband network requires additional devices to form a network so as
to provide a maintenance channel independent of the service channel.
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Chapter 6 Technical Specifications
This chapter provides technical specifications of the MA5600.
6.1 Physical Specifications
6.1.1 Device Dimensions
Table 6-1 Device dimensions
Item Dimensions (W x D x H)
H66-18: 600 mm x 600 mm x 1800 mm
Cabinet
H66-22: 600 mm x 600 mm x 2200 mm
Frame 439.00 mm x 420.00 mm x 444.50 mm
Board 366.7 mm x 340.0 mm x 2.0 mm

6.1.2 Device Weight
Table 6-2 Device weight
Cabinet Weight
No load 81 kg
H66-18 cabinet
Full load 140 kg
No load 95 kg
H66-22 cabinet
Full load 190 kg

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6.1.3 Power Specifications
The MA5600 supports 110 V/220 V AC and 48 V/-60 V DC power supply.
Table 6-3 Power specifications
Item Description
Rated voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz; 110 V, 50/60 Hz
AC voltage
220 V 30%, 43 V 30%; 85143 V, 4763 Hz
Rated voltage: 48 V/60 V
DC voltage
Range: 40 72V

6.1.4 Environment Conditions
Table 6-4 Environment conditions
Item Description
Long term ambient working temperature 5
o
C+ 45
o
C
Short term ambient working temperature 10
o
C+55
o
C
Ambient working humidity 10%90%, non-condensing
Atmospheric pressure 70106 kPa
Altitude < 4000 m

6.1.5 Power Consumption
Table 6-5 Board power consumption
Board Power consumption (W)
SCU 85
ISUA 37
EIU 3
ISUE 35
ADEF 93
ADBF 95
SHEA 45
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SPMF 5
SPLT 2
SPLQ 2
6.2 Performance Specifications
6.2.1 System Performance
Table 6-6 System performance parameters
Item Description
Switching mode Store and Forward
Backplane bus Backplane capacity: 210 Gbit/s
System L2 forwarding System packet forwarding rate: 72 Mpps
Main control boards switching fabric 48 Gbit/s
Switching forwarding delay
Low forwarding delay. For a 64-byte
Ethernet packet, the time delay is less than
20 s.
Full configuration bit error rate <10 e
-7


6.2.2 System Configurations
Table 6-7 System configurations
Item Description
Management port
SCU:
One 10/100M maintenance port
One serial port
One environment monitor port
GE ports available in a frame
SCU: 16 GE ports
ISU: 12 GE ports
EIU: 1 GE port
FE ports available in a frame
SCU: 16 FE ports
ISU: 18 FE ports
ADSL2+ ports available in a
frame
896 ADSL2+ ports
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Item Description
SHDSL ports available in a
frame
448 SHDSL ports
Maximum PVCs available for
a port
ADSL2+ port: 8 (Up to 256 PVCs are available for an
ADSL2+ board)
SHDSL port: 2
Maximum QoS queues
available for a port
ADSL2+ port: 4
SHDSL port: 4
GE upstream port: 8

6.2.3 Reliability indexes
Table 6-8 MA5600 reliability indexes
Configuration Availability
MTBF
(yrs)
MTTR
(hrs)
Downtime
(mins/yr)
1 SCU +14 service boards 99.99889% 10.29 1 5.83
2 SCUs + 14 service boards 99.99955% 24.83 1 2.37

6.2.4 Service Characteristics
Table 6-9 lists the service characteristics of the MA5600. Table 6-10 lists the service
characteristics of the ISU, namely a built-in BRAS, of the MA5600. Table 6-11 lists the
major management and maintenance features of the MA5600.
Table 6-9 Service characteristics
Item Description
Wire speed L2/L3 switching Supported by all ports
Up to 4k host route entries and 200 static routing
records
Static routing
IP routing
RIP, OSPF
DHCP Relay Option60
DHCP Relay
DHCP Relay Option82
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Item Description
4k 802.1q-based VLANs
Smart VLAN
VALN Trunk
QinQ VLAN
VLAN
VLAN stacking
1000 multicast groups
IGMP proxy
Multicast
Supports managed multicast to implement:
Multicast access authority control
Multicast source control
Multicast user management
STP/RSTP
STP and RSTP in compliant with IEEE 802.1D and
IEEE 802.1W standard
Port aggregation
The SCU board supports up to 3 aggregated port
groups. Up to 6 ports at the same rate can be
aggregated in a group.
Broadcast suppression
Broadcast storm suppression based on a certain
broadband percentage
Port mirror
Port mirror based on port, MAC address, IP address,
or TCP/UDP port number
MAC address table
Address learning in compliance with IEEE 802.1D
standard
MAC address table Up to 16k MAC addresses
Traffic rule-based packet filtering
Packet redirection
Flow mirroring
Traffic statistics
Traffic policing
Queue scheduling on a port
Rate limit on a port
Priority strategies
VLAN change strategies
CoS (802.1p) and traffic prioritization. (802.1p is
used by default)
QoS
PQ and WRR scheduling
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Item Description
Flow control complies with IEEE 802.3x standard
(full-duplex)
Flow control
Back pressure flow control (half-duplex)
Leveled operator authority control
User isolation and mutual access control on L2
Number of hosts allowed to be accessed on each
port is restricted
Number of multicast groups allowed to be added on
each port is restricted
DHCP option82, enabling DHCP user authentication
ACL-based access control
Binding between the user account and physical port
Security features
Prevention of user port theft
Authentication RADIUS Client
Accounting Remote accounting
Terminal management Terminal management
Broadband test Broadband test interfaces are provided.

Table 6-10 Service characteristics of the built-in ISU
Item Description
Number of ISU
concurrent users
Up to 2000 users
Port aggregation
Supports FE port aggregation (but not hybrid aggregation of FE
ports and GE ports)
VLAN
VLAN user management
VLAN port management
General /fast /bound authentication
Web /forced Web authentication
Static VLAN
VLAN service management
VLAN user security
VLAN user exception handling
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Item Description
VLAN private line
Static VLAN private line users
1k VLAN private line users
Centralized authentication and accounting for private line users
VLAN transparent
transmission
Supports VLAN transparent transmission:
From user end to network end
From user end to user end
From network end to network end
DHCP Relay
DHCP
Built-in DHCP Server
ARP
ARP
Proxy ARP
Static routing 1k static routing records at most
RIP 4k unicast route entries (static plus dynamic)
PPP
PPPoE Server
PPP negotiation
PPP user configuration
multi-user calling, PPP application
PPP user test
PPP user exception handling
AAA
Multiple authentication solutions:
Simple authentication
Local authentication
RADIUS authentication
Multiple accounting solutions:
Local accounting and RADIUS accounting
Traffic level settings for control
PPPoE user authentication
PPPoE user domain attributes
VLAN user authentication
Local accounting
Local bill reading of TFTP mode
Bill pool alarm of different thresholds
Flash bill auto-saving after power-off
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Item Description
Users supported 2k users
RADIUS
Users supported:
PPP user (2k online users)
VLAN user (1k RADIUS accounting users)
256 static users
Features:
Active/Standby RADIUS server switchover
Multiple servers
Standard/extended RADIUS authentication and
accounting
802.1x
802.1x authentication
Timed handshake test
Re-authentication
802.1x client authentication attached in Windows XP
DHCP-triggered 802.1x authentication
Accepting 802.1x authentication broadcast messages
ACL/UCL
User- and access address-based UCL
User-based IGAT
VLAN private line-based ACL
Multicast
IGMP Proxy
VLAN user multicast forwarding
255 multicast groups
Binding between multicast group and multicast source
One upstream multicast router
Forced portal
service
Forced portal means: the first HTTP access request of an
authenticated user is sent to the carriers portal server, so that
the carriers web site is always the first web site that the user
accesses.
Built-in portal
server
Embedded in the ISU board to perform Web authentication

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Table 6-11 System management and maintenance
Item Description
Console configuration
Telnet configuration
CLI configuration
SNMP management
Huawei iManager N2000 network management system
System log
Management
hierarchical alarms
Output of debugging information
PING
Trace Route
Maintenance
Telnet maintenance
Loading and backup using Xmodem
Loading and backup using FTP and TFTP
Loading and backup Loading and upgrading upon startup
Online loading
Version rollback

Table 6-12 Service characteristic specifications
Service Specification
Wire speed L2/L3 switching Wire speed L2/L3 switching
Address learning in compliance with IEEE 802.1D
MAC
Supports up to 16K MAC addresses
Static routing
IP routing
Supports up to of 200 static routing table entries
Smart VLAN
VLAN Trunk
Up to 4K IEEE 802.1Q-compliant VLANs
QinQ VLAN
VLAN
VLAN Stacking
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Service Specification
Supports multicast management to implement:
Multicast source control
Multicast user management
Multicast service accounting
IGMP snooping
Multicast
Up to 512 multicast groups
STP/RSTP
STP and RSTP in compliant with IEEE 802.1D and
IEEE 802.1W standard
DHCP Relay
DHCP Relay
DHCP Option82
DHCP Option60
Port aggregation
The ESM board supports up to six groups of port
trunk. Up to eight ports at the same rate can be
aggregated in a group.
Broadcast suppression
Broadcast storm suppression based on a certain
broadband percentage
Port mirror Port mirroring
Broadcast storm suppression
All ports support broadcast storm suppression
based on bandwidth percentage
Static routing
Supports up to 200 static route table items IP routing
OSPF dynamic routing
DHCP DHCP Relay
L2L7 traffic classification
QoS
Bandwidth control

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6.3 Port Specifications
6.3.1 Console Port
Table 6-13 Technical specifications of the Console port
Attribute Description
Connector RJ-45
Standards
compliance
Asynchronous EIA/TIA-232
Baud rate 9600 bit/s (default value)
Service supported
Provides CLI.
Connects with the character terminal.
Connects with the PC serial port, and runs emulation program
in the PC.

6.3.2 ADSL2+ Port
Table 6-14 Technical specifications of an ADSL2+ port
Attribute Description
Connector Delander
Port quantity 64 ADSL2+ ports
Port rate
Upstream rate: 1 Mbit/s
Downstream rate: 24 Mbit/s
Maximum reach 6500 m
Cable type Twisted pairs
Frequency
Downstream frequency: 1382.208 MHz
Upstream frequency:26138 kHz
Modulation DMT
Service supported ADSL2+
Standards compliance
ITU-T G.992.3 (G.dmt), G.992.5 (G.lite), ANSI
T1.413

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6.3.3 SHDSL Port
Table 6-15 Technical specifications of an SHDSL port
Attribute Description
Connector Delander
Port quantity 32 SHDSL port
Port rate Symmetric rate: 1922312 kbit/s
Maximum reach 30006000 m
Cable type Twisted pairs
Step length of rate variation 64 kbit/s
Line code TC-PAM
Frame protocol supported ATM
Standards compliance ITU-T G.991.2 Annex A and Annex B

6.3.4 FE Electrical Port
Table 6-16 Technical specifications of an FE electrical port
Attribute Description
Connector RJ-45 (TPI)
Port rate Full-duplex 100 Mbit/s
Maximum reach 100 m
Standards compliance IEEE 802.3u
Cable category Category-5 twisted pairs

6.3.5 FE Single-Mode Optical Port
Table 6-17 Technical specifications of an FE single-mode optical port
Attribute Description
Connector LC
Port rate Full duplex 100 Mbit/s
Maximum reach 15 km over 9/125 m single-mode fiber
Standards compliance IEEE 802.3u
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Attribute Description
Optical fiber type LD
Operating wavelength 1310 nm
Transmit optical power 8 14 dBm
Receiver sensitivity 31 dBm

6.3.6 FE Multi-mode Optical Port
Table 6-18 Technical specifications of an FE multi-mode optical port
Attribute Description
Connector LC
Port rate Full duplex 100 Mbit/s
Maximum reach 2 km over 62.5/125 m multi-mode fiber
Standards compliance IEEE 802.3u
Optical fiber type LD
Operating wavelength 1310 nm
Transmit optical power 23.5 dBm
Extinction ratio 8 dB
Maximum receiver sensitivity 29 dBm

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6.3.7 GE Single-mode Optical Port
Table 6-19 Technical specifications of a GE single-mode optical port
Attribute Description
Connector LC
Port rate 1.25 Gbit/s
Maximum reach 10 km over 9/125 m single-mode fiber
Standards compliance IEEE 802.3 z
Operating wavelength 1300 nm
Transmit optical power 9.0 dBm 3.0 dBm
Extinction ratio 9.0 dB
Maximum receiver sensitivity 20 dBm

6.3.8 GE Multi-mode Optical Port
Table 6-20 Technical specifications of a GE multi-mode optical port
Attribute Description
Connector LC
Port rate 1.25 Gbit/s
Maximum reach 500 m over 50/125 m multi-mode fiber
Standards compliance IEEE 802.3 z
Operating wavelength 850 nm
Transmit optical power 9.5 dBm 0 dBm
Extinction ratio 9 dB
Receiver sensitivity 17 dBm

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6.3.9 GE Electrical Port
Table 6-21 Technical specifications of a GE electrical port
Attribute Description
Connector RJ-45
Port rate 1000 Mbit/s (full duplex)
Maximum reach 100 m
Standards compliance IEEE 802.3ab

6.4 Standards Compliance
The MA5600 complies with the following standards.
Table 6-22 Standards compliance
Standard Name
ITU-T G.992.1 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) Transceivers
ITU-T G.992.2
Splitterless Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
Transceivers
ITU-T G.992.3 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) Transceivers - 2
ITU-T G.992.5
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) Transceivers-
Extended Bandwidth
ITU-T G.996.1 Test Procedures for Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Transceivers
ITU-T G.997.1
Physical Layer Management for Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
Transceivers
IEEE 802.2
IEEE standard for local and metropolitan area networks: Specific
requirements Part 2: Logical Link Control
IEEE 802.3
IEEE standard for local and metropolitan area networks: Specific
requirements Part 3: Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision
Detection (CSMA/CD) Access Method and Physical Layer
Specifications (includes 802.3ab, 802.3ac and 802.3ad)
IEEE 802.3u Definition of Fast Ethernet (100BTX, 100BT4, 100BFX)
IEEE 802.3x Definition of Full Duplex operation in a switched LAN
IEEE 802.3z Definition of Gigabit Ethernet (over Fiber)
IEEE 802.3ad Definition of Ethernet VLAN Trunking
IEEE 802.1D MAC bridges
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Standard Name
IEEE 802.1p Traffic Class Expediting and Dynamic Multicast Filtering
IEEE 802.1Q
IEEE standard for local and metropolitan area networks: Virtual
Bridged Local Area Networks
IEEE 802.1w Rapid Reconfiguration of Spanning Tree
IEEE 802.1x Port Based Network Access Control
RFC0768 UDP
RFC783 The TFTP Protocol (Revision 2)
RFC0791 IP
RFC0792 ICMP
RFC0793 TCP
RFC0826 ARP
RFC0854 Telnet
RFC0894 Standard for transmitting IP packet on Ethernet
RFC1112 IGMP v1
RFC1155
Structure and identifier of the Internet management information
based on TCP/IP
RFC1157 Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
RFC1213
Internet Network Management Information Base based on
TCP/IP: MIB-II
RFC1493 Bridge MIB
RFC1643
Definitions of Managed Objects for the Ethernet-like Interface
Types
RFC1661 Point to Point Protocol (PPP)
RFC1757 Remote Network Monitoring Management Information Base
RFC1907
Management Information Base for Version 2 of the Simple
Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)
RFC2131 DHCP relay
RFC2236 Internet Group Management Protocol, Version 2 Internet
RFC2516 A Method for Transmitting PPP Over Ethernet (PPPoE)
RFC2613
Remote Network Monitoring MIB Extensions for Switched
Networks
RFC 2652 Ethernet Interface MIB
RFC2819 Remote Network Monitoring

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Table 6-23 Other standards supported
Item Standard Name
ITU-T K.20
Resistibility of telecommunication equipment
installed in a telecommunications centre to
overvoltages and overcurrents
ITU-T K.21
Resistibility of telecommunication equipment
installed in customer's premises to overvoltages
and overcurrents
IEC60950-1999
Safety of information technology equipment
including Electrical Business Equipment
IEC 529
Classification of degrees of protection provided
by enclosures
UL1950
Safety of information technology equipment
including Electrical Business Equipment
CSA C22.2
NO.950
UL Standard for Safety Communications
Cables
EN60950 Safety of Information technology equipment
Security
EN41003 Safety of Information technology equipment
ETS 300 019-1-3
Equipment engineering; environmental
conditions and environment tests for
telecommunications equipment
ETS 300 019-2-2
Equipment Engineering: Environmental
conditions and environmental tests for
telecommunications
equipment.part2-2:specification of
environmental tests transportation
IEC 721-3-3 Classification of environmental conditions Part3
Environment
adaptability
NEBS
GR-63-CORE
Network Equipment-Building System
Requirements: Physical Protection
ETSI EN 300 386
V1.2.1
Electro Magnetic Compatibility test specification
IEC1000-4-11
Electro Magnetic Compatibility testing and
measuring techniques
IEC801.4 Electrical fast transient testing standards
IEC555-2 Electric power line harmonic testing standards
ANSI/IEEEC62.41 Thunder fast transient testing standards
EMC
EN 55014
Limits and methods of measurement of radio
disturbance characteristics of electrical
motor-operated and thermal appliances for
household and similar purposes, electric tools
and similar electric apparatus.

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Appendix A Introduction to xDSL Technology
A.1 Overview
DSL in the term xDSL refers to the digital subscriber line. All xDSL technologies use
existing twisted pair telephone lines to deliver high-bandwidth data service. xDSL
technologies vary in terms of transmission rate, reach and delay due to the different
modulation and coding.
xDSL implements channel multiplexing by dividing spectrums of the copper wire.
Voice and data services are split by filters. Network topology is composed of the
Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer (DSLAM) at the office end and the
Customer Premise Equipment (CPE) at the user end.
A.1.1 Introduction to xDSL Technologies
I. HDSL
High-speed DSL (HDSL) is a well developed xDSL technology. It gains wide
application. It transmits data services over 12 twisted pairs at the rate of T1 full
duplex (1.544 Mbit/s) or E1 (2.048 Mbit/s).
Rate range: Nx64 kbit/s (N=1-32). It reaches 2.048 Mbit/s at the maximum.
Reach: 5km. It reaches 12 km by using repeaters.
Application: HDSL is a replacement of the T1/E1 technology. It is ideal for
applications of distant learning, video conferencing, dedicated network etc.
Compared with conventional T1/E1 technology, HDSL is more cost effective.
T1/E1 transmission requires a repeater every 0.91.8 km, while HDSL ensures
reliable transmission within 3.6 km without a repeater.
II. HDLS2
HDSL2 is newly developed DSL technology, transmitting T1/E1 rate over a single
twisted pair. It uses the same modulation and signaling processing technology as
HDSL.
III. SDSL
Single-line DSL (SDSL) provides high-speed variable bit rate in upstream and
downstream.
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Rate range: 160 kbit/s2.36 Mbit/s. SDSL delivers T1/E1 rate over a single
twisted pair, thus saving one copper wire compared with HDSL technology. It
accommodates an optimized rate based on the traffic volume.
Reach: The maximum reach is above 3 km over 0.4 mm twisted pairs.
IV. IDSL
ISDN DSL (IDSL) transmits 128 kbit/s over twisted pairs by using ISDN terminal
adapter at the subscriber end and ISDN-compatible interface card in the other end.
V. SHDSL
Single-pair High-speed DSL (SHDSL) is developed from the SDSL, HDSL, HDSL2
technologies.
Rate range: 192 kbit/s2312 kbit/s by using two line pairs. The rate is adjustable
according to the actual line condition at the step of 64 kbit/s. The transmit rate is
in the range of 38 kibt/s4600 kbit/s by using 4 line pairs.
Reach: 35 km
Application:
SHDSL, based on TDM, allows the maximum reach of E1, T1 and V.35, thus enabling
long-haul access of FR and CES.
SHDSL, based on ATM, delivers high-bandwidth symmetric rate, and is
supplementary to ADSL.
VI. ADSL
ADSL speed ranges from 32kbit/s to 8.192Mbit/s in downstream, and 32kbit/s to
1.088Mbit/s in upstream. It provides voice service and data service over the same
twisted-pair telephone line.
Data service and voice service are delivered over the same twisted pairs.
Upstream and downstream rate is asymmetric.
Data service and voice service are delivered simultaneously.
VII. RADSL
Rate Adaptive DSL (RADSL) allows transmit rate to be accommodated based on the
actual requirements.
Data service and voice service are delivered over the same twisted pairs.
Synchronous and asynchronous transmission modes are supported.
Rate adaptive: the downstream speed ranges from 640 kbit/s to 12 Mbit/s, and
upstream speed ranges from 128 kbit/s to 1 Mbit/s.
Data service and voice service are delivered simultaneously.
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VIII. VDSL
Very-high-data-rate Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL) technology supports both
symmetric and asymmetric speed ranges. It provides all-round multimedia services
including voice services, video services and digital services.
Rate range: The multimedia services are delivered over the same twisted pairs, with
transmission rate adaptive. Both symmetric and asymmetric rate ranges are
supported.
Maximum reach: 11.5 km
Application: Internet access and VOD, etc.
A.1.2 Specifications of xDSL Technologies
Table A-1 Technical specification of symmetric DSL technology
Index IDSL HDSL SDSL HDSL2
Standards
ANSI
T1.601
ETSI ETR 152
ITU-T G991.1
Proprietary
ANSI
T1E1.4
ITU-T 991.2
Interoperability Yes No No Yes
Line Code 2B1Q 2B1Q 2B1Q TC PAM
Speeds
supported
(bit/s)
64k,
128k,144k
1.5M (T1), 2.3M (E1)
192k,2.36
M
1.5M (T1)
Wire pairs 1 1, 2 or 3 1 1
Maximum
reach
(26 AWG)
18,000 ft
(24AWG)
12,000 ft (2 pair T1, 3
pair E1) 8,000 ft (2 pair
E1)
7,000 ft (1 pair E1)
12,000ft 12,000ft
Rate adaptive No No Yes No
Repeater
support
Yes Yes No No
Framer
protocol
ISDN T1, E1 Proprietary T1

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Table A-2 Comparison between ADSL, VDSL and SHDSL
Index ADSL VDSL SHDSL
Standards
ITU-T G.992.1
ITU-T G.992.2
ANSI T1.413,Issue2
No standard
currently
ITU-T G.991.2
Interoperability Yes No No
Line Code DMT QAM TCPAM
Speeds
Supported
(bit/s)
Asymmetric, 68Mbit/s
in downstream, and
640kbit/s1Mbit/s in
upstream
Symmetric, 12M
Symmetric,
192k-2312k
Wire pairs 1 1 1 or 2
Maximum
reach (26
AWG)
35 km 1.5 km 35 km
Rate adaptive Yes Yes Yes
Repeater
support
Yes Yes Yes

In the following sections, the ADSL2+ and SHDSL technologies will be detailed.
A.2 ADSL2+
I. Overview
The full expression of ADSL2+ is the second generation full rate asymmetric digital
subscriber line. In 2003, the ITU-T issued the new Recommendation G.992.5, which is
also known as ADSL2+ recommendation. This recommendation, which is derived
from the first generation one, provides more functions, higher access rate, and
steadier performance for users.
II. New operation modes
There are three kinds of operating modes for ADSL.
ADSL over POTS: ADSL annex A. In this mode, POTS and ADSL services are
transmitted over the same pair of twisted pairs.
ADSL over ISDN: ADSL annex B. In this mode, ISDN and ADSL services are
transmitted over the same pair of twisted pairs.
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ADSL annex C: It is used under the TCMISDN crosstalk condition. This mode is
mainly applied in Japan.
The following new operating modes are added to the ADSL2+.
Annex I: This digital operating mode is compatible with Annex A in respect of
spectrum. There is no POTS service transmitted on the line, and therefore, the
ADSL2+ upstream spectrum is in the range of 3 kHz to 138 kHz. The number of
sub-bands reaches 31, and the upstream bandwidth is over 1 Mbit/s.
Annex J: This digital operating mode is compatible with Annex B in respect of
spectrum. There is no ISDN service transmitted on the line. In this mode, the
upstream frequency band ranges from 3 kHz to 276 kHz. A maximum of 64
upstream sub-bands are supported and the maximum upstream rate reaches
2.3 Mbit/s.
Annex M: It extends upstream bandwidth of Annex A. The upstream sub-band
starts from 6, and ends with 32, 36, 40, 44, , 63 based on different
requirements of bandwidth. At the same time, the total Tx power remains
unchanged. In this way, Annex M can provide the upstream rate close to Annex J.
There are two kinds of downstream frequency bands, overlap and nonoverlap,
which are the same as Annex B.
Annex L: It extends the reach.
ADSL supports two kinds of interfaces, STM interface (PCM interface) and ATM
interface (UTOPIA). Besides this, ADSL2+ also provides PTM (packet) interface,
which bears HDLC over ADSL in non-ATM transmission mode.
III. Higher transmission rate
Because ADSL2+ uses wider frequency (tone 32511) and more sub-bands (512), it
supports the maximum downstream rate of 24 Mbit/s. Figure A-1 shows its frequency
spectrum. In ADSL2+ Annex J or Annex M, the upstream rate is increased to 2.3
Mbit/s.

Figure A-1 Extended upstream bandwidth of ADSL2+
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IV. Longer reach
The reach of ADSL is less than 5 km, while that of ADSL2+ is 6.5 km at least.
V. Lower power consumption
ADSL2+ provides the power management function to reduce the running power.
ADSL2+ offers the low power consumption mode, L2 mode. In this mode, if no
user data is transmitted, the system reduces the Tx power to 30% of that in
normal running state, which is only used to transmit the necessary management
messages and signal synchronization signals. When there is data to be
transmitted, the normal power consumption is restored rapidly.
The CO and the CPE of ADSL2+ have the function of power cutback, ranging
from 0 to 40 dB. This function can reduce the Tx power of the system effectively
during the normal operation. For ADSL, only the CO has such function, ranging
from 0 to 12 dB.
VI. Steadier running and good frequency spectrum compatibility
ADSL2+ has steadier running capability and good frequency spectrum compatibility.
The receiver determines the carrier sequencing according to the channel
analysis result, which can reflect the channel state more reliably and select most
appropriate tone as pilot. This helps improve the steadiness of the ADSL
connection.
In the training, the Rx end can test the distribution of RFI signals, and can control
the Tx power of each tone through CO-MIB during the tone is closed. This avoids
RFI and reduces the crosstalk to other pairs.
ADSL2+ is of good dynamic adaptability. The enhanced bit swap and the
function of changing line rate seamlessly and dynamically in the show time
state improve the adaptability to the line parameter variation.
For ADSL2+, the receiver and Tx end have the function of power cutback,
ranging from 0 to 40 dB. This function reduces the local end echo and crosstalk.
For ADSL, only the CO has such function in downstream direction, ranging from
0 to 12 dB.
The Rx end determines pilot, which avoids that the line cannot be activated
because of the interference of line bridge extractor and Am.
The Tx and Rx ends control the initialization state length, which optimizes the
function of transmitting and receiving signals.
ADSL2+ provides shortened training process, during which the faulty connection
can be restored to the normal state quickly.
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VII. Line diagnosis function
ADSL2+ supports the dual ended loop test between the CO and the CPE to obtain the
following parameters based on the special line test process.
Line transfer function
The test result is given in two modes: linear expression and logarithm expression. The
former indicates the information about the amplitude and the phase, and the latter
gives the result convenient for calculation.
Static line background noise power spectral density
When modem does not send any data to the line, it only detects the background noise
on the line. Each tone has a test value.
Signal-to-noise ratio
It indicates the ratio of the signal power to the noise power that is received by the
receiver.
Loop attenuation (average value)
It indicates the average value of the amplitudes of transfer function of all nodes.
Signal attenuation
It indicates the ratio of the signal power received by the Rx end to the signal power
transmitted from the Tx end. Actually, it is the line attenuation parameter of ADSL.
SNR margin
This value is given during the training and can be refreshed on a timed basis during
the normal operation. It indicates the capability of the line connection to resist noise.
Maximum reachable rate
You can use the following formula to work out the maximum reachable rate of the line
based on the parameters listed above.
s kbit
dB
TARSNRM snrgap i SNR
ATTNDR
NSC
i
/ 4
3
) (
1
0

|
|
.
|

\
|
(

=

Actual total Tx power
It indicates the actual total Tx power of the local and the remote.
VIII. Seamless rate adaptive
A telephone cable is made up of multiple pairs of twisted pairs. The electric signals in
one pair of twisted pairs are coupled to the other twisted pairs of the same telephone
cable. Such phenomenon is called crosstalk, which has an influence on ADSL
performance.
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ADSL2+ adopts the seamless rate adaptive (SRA) technology to solve the problem of
crosstalk. When ADSL2+ detects its channel environment changed, it adapts the line
rate to the new application without changing BER, thus solving the problem of
crosstalk.
IX. Rate binding function
When multiple telephone lines are bound logically, users can obtain higher rate to
meet different service needs. ADSL2+ supports the rate binding function, by which
two or more twisted pairs can be bound to serve one ADSL connection. Figure A-2
illustrates how the rate varies from the distance when two twisted pairs are bound.

Figure A-2 Rate variation from the distance when two twisted pairs are bound
X. Channelized voice over DSL
In ADSL2+, bandwidth can be divided into channels that have different connection
characteristics to fulfill different applications.
By channelized voice over DSL technology, ADSL2+ is able to provide CvoDSL
service. By this service, the system can transmit TDM voice service over DSL
bandwidth under the condition of guaranteeing the normal operation of the traditional
POTS and Internet access services.
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XI. Improved interworking capability
In ADSL2+, ADSL transceiver unit is functionally divided into different sub-layers,
including TPS-TC, PMS-TC, PMD and MPS-TC. All sub-layers are encapsulated, and
messages among them are defined to achieve the interworking of equipment
produced by different manufacturers.
A.3 SHDSL
I. Overview
SHDSL is developed from the technologies of HDSL, SDSL and ISDN. DSL2
applications are limited by its constant rate delivered. SDSL makes some
improvements to it, but fails to gain wide recognition. Therefore, ITU-T constitutes
SHDSL Recommendation as a replacement.
SHDSL supports a wide range of transmit rate, and features low transmit power,
spectral compatibility. The transmit rate over a single twisted pair is in range of
192 kbit/s2312 kbit/s with 8 kbit/s steps. Optionally, the transmit rate over two twisted
pairs is in range of 384 kbit/s4624 kbit/s with 16 kbit/s steps.
SHDSL delivers data service at the rate reaching 2.3 Mbit/s over length of 3 km. It is
used widely as a replacement of E1/T1 technology, or in applications requiring
symmetric high-speed data service or VoDSL. It is applicable to videoconferencing,
voice bundling etc.
SHDSL advantages are as follows:
Expand the E1/V.35 reach (in TDM mode) to 36 km, four times that of the
ordinary E1/V.35.
Make full use of existing copper wires to enable broadband service access.
Provides functions of flow control, service configuration, status check, remote
maintenance over embedded operation channel (EOC).
II. Standards compliance
ITU-T G.991.2
III. Interface
1) Reference model
If enhanced transmission range is required, one or more SHDSL Regenerator Unit
(SRU) may be inserted into the loop.
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Figure A-3 is the reference model of SHDSL for TDM transport. An SHDSL span
consists of STU-C, STU-R and maintenance console. SHDSL in TDM mode is a
digital transmission device over twisted pair in a sense.
STU-C
U-C U-R
SRU
STU-R
SNI
UNI
Line interface
U-C U-R
U-C U-R
Console
Line interface

Figure A-3 SHDSL reference model for TDM mode
Figure A-4 is the reference model of SHDSL for ATM transport. An SHDSL span
consists of DSLAM, ATU-R and management unit.
UNI U-C U-R
SRU
SNI
U-C U-R U-C U-R
Management
DSLAM STU-R
Line
interface
Line
interface
unit

Figure A-4 SHDSL reference model for ATM transport

Note:
Except the interface, SHDSL DSLAM provides the same functionality as ADSL
DSLAM. SHDSL equipment, along with ADSL, VDSL equipment, can constitute a
hybrid DSLAM.

2) Interface
TDM-based STU-C provides one of the following service network interfaces (SNI).
E1(2048 kbit/s) / T1(1544 kbit/s)
V.35
TDM-based STU-R provides one of the following user network interfaces (UNI).
E1 (2048 kbit/s) / T1(1544 kbit/s)
V.35
ATM-based STU-C provides one of the following SNIs.
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ATM 622 Mbit/s optical interface
ATM 155 Mbit/s optical interface
ATM 155 Mbit/s electrical interface
ATM 34368 kbit/s interface
10/100Base-T interface
100Base-Fx interface
ATM-based STU-R provides one of the following UNIs.
10/100Base-T interface
100Base-Fx interface

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B-1
Appendix B Environment Requirements
The environment falls into three aspects: storage environment, transportation
environment and working environment. The environment requirements are based on
the following two standards:
ETS 300019 Equipment Engineering (EE); Environmental conditions and
environmental tests for telecom equipment
IEC 60721 Classification of environmental conditions

Caution:
Take waterproof measures during the storage, transportation and running of the
equipment.

B.1 Storage Requirements
I. Climatic requirements
Table B-1 Climatic requirements
Item Range
Temperature -40
o
C+70
o
C
Temperature change rate 1
o
C/min
Relative humidity 10%-100%
Altitude 5000 m
Atmospheric pressure 70 kPa-106 kPa
Solar radiation 1120 W/m
Heat radiation 600 W/m
Wind speed 30 m/s

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II. Waterproof requirements
The following requirements shall be met:
Place the equipment in the equipment room.
There is no water on the ground.
Take waterproof measures to prevent water from entering the package.
III. Biological environment requirements
Avoid propagation of epiphyte and mildew.
Prevent rodent animals, such as mice.
IV. Air cleanness requirements
The air has no explosive, conductive, magneto-conductive or corrosive dust.
The density of mechanically active materials complies with Table B-2.
Table B-2 Density requirement for mechanically active materials
Mechanically active material Unit Content
Suspending dust mg/m 5.00
Precipitable dust mg/mh 20.00
Sand mg/m 300.00
Note:
Suspending dust: diameter 75m
Precipitable dust: 75m diameter 150m
Sand: 150m diameter 1000m

The density of chemically active materials complies with Table B-3.
Table B-3 Density requirement for chemically active materials
Chemically active material Unit Content
SO
2
mg/m 0.30
H
2
S mg/m 0.10
NO
2
mg/m 0.50
NH3 mg/m 1.00
Cl2 mg/m 0.10
O3 mg/m 0.05
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V. Mechanical stress requirements
Table B-4 Mechanical stress requirements
Item Sub-item Range
Offset 1.50 mm -
Accelerated speed - 5.00 m/s Sinusoidal vibration
Frequency range 29 Hz 9200 Hz
Impulse response spectrum II 40.00 m/s
Non-stable impulse
Static load 5 kPa
Note:
Impulse response spectrum refers to the maximum accelerated speed response
curve generated by the equipment under the specified impulse motivation. Impulse
response spectrum II means that the duration of half-sine impulse response
spectrum is 22 ms.
Static load refers to the bearable pressure from the upper piled equipment with
package in prescribed piling mode.

B.2 Transportation Requirements
I. Climatic requirements
Table B-5 Climatic requirements
Item Range
Temperature 40
o
C+70
o
C
Temperature change rate 3
o
C/min
Relative humidity 5%100%
Altitude 5000 m
Atmospheric pressure 70106 kPa
Solar radiation 1120 W/m
Heat radiation 600 W/m
Wind speed 30 m/s

II. Waterproof requirements
During the transportation, the following requirements shall be met:
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The package is kept well.
Waterproof measures are taken in the transportation vehicles to prevent rain
entering the package.
There is no water inside the transportation vehicles.
III. Biological environment requirements
Avoid propagation of epiphyte and mildew.
Prevent rodent animals, such as mice.
IV. Air cleanness requirements
There is no explosive, conductive, magneto-conductive or corrosive dust.
The density of mechanically active materials complies with Table B-6.
Table B-6 Density requirement for mechanically active materials
Mechanically active material Unit Content
Suspending dust mg/m No requirement
Precipitable dust mg/mh 3.00
Sand mg/m 100

The density of chemically active materials complies with Table B-7.
Table B-7 Density requirement for chemically active materials
Chemically active material Unit Content
SO
2
mg/m 0.30
H
2
S mg/m 0.10
NO
2
mg/m 0.50
NH
3
mg/m 1.00
Cl
2
mg/m 0.10
HCl mg/m 0.10
HF mg/m 0.01
O
3
mg/m 0.05

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V. Mechanical stress requirements
Table B-8 Mechanical stress requirements
Item Sub-item Range
Offset 3.50 mm - -
Accelerated speed - 10.00 m/s 15.00 m/s
Sinusoidal
vibration
Frequency range 29 Hz 9200 Hz 200500 Hz
Spectrum density of
accelerated speed
1 m/s 0.30 m/s 0.30 m/s
Random
vibration
Frequency range 10200 Hz 200500 Hz 5001000 Hz
Impulse response
spectrum II
300 m/s
Non-stabl
e impulse
Payload 5 kPa

B.3 Running Environment Requirements
I. Climatic requirements
Table B-9 Climatic requirements
Item Range
Temperature -5
o
C+45
o
C
Temperature change rate 3

C/min
Relative Humidity 10%90%
Altitude 4000 m
Atmospheric pressure 70106 kPa
Solar radiation 700 W/m
Heat radiation 600 W/m
Wind speed 5 m/s
Note:
The measurement point of the temperature and humidity is 1.5 m over the floor and
0.6 m at the front of the cabinet. There shall be no the protection board at the front or
back of the cabinet.

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II. Biological environemnt requirements
Avoid propagation of epiphyte and mildew.
Prevent rodent animals, such as mice.
III. Air cleanness requirements
There is no explosive, conductive, magneto-conductive or corrosive dust.
The density of mechanically active materials complies with Table B-10.
Table B-10 Density requirement for mechanically active materials
Mechanically active material Unit Content
Suspending dust mg/m 0.40
Precipitable dust mg/mh 15.00
Sand mg/m 300.00

The density of chemically active materials complies with Table B-11.
Table B-11 Density requirement for chemically active materials
Chemically active material Unit Content
SO
2
mg/m 0.30
H
2
S mg/m 0.03
NH
3
mg/m 1.00
Cl
2
mg/m 0.10

IV. Mechanical stress requirements
Table B-12 Mechanical stress requirements
Item Sub-item Range
Offset 3.50 mm -
Accelerated speed - 10.00 m/s Sinusoidal vibration
Frequency range 2 Hz9 Hz 9 Hz200 Hz
Impulse response spectrum II 40 m/s
Non-stable impulse
Static load 0

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SmartAX MA5600 Multi-service Access Module Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations
A
ACL Access Control List
ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Loop
ADSL2+ Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line 2 Plus
ARP Address Resolution Protocol
ASF Alert Standard Forum
ATU-R ADSL Transceiver Unit - Remote end
B
BIOS Basic Input/Output System
BRAS Broadband Remote Access Server
BTV Broadband TV
C
CAR Committed Access Rate
CHAP Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol
CLI Command Line Interface
CO Central Office
CPE Customer Premises Equipment
CPLD Complex Programmable Logical Device
COS Class of Service
CPE Customer Premises Equipment
D
DDN Digital Data Network
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DFMA Design for Manufacture and Assembly
DSCP Diff Service Code Point
DSL Digital Subscriber Line
DSLAM Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
E
EIP External Instrument Port
EIU Ethernet Interface Unit
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EMU Environment Monitor Unit
F
FDM Division Multiplexing
FE Fast Ethernet
FPGA Field Programmable Gate Array
FTP File Transfer Protocol
G
GE Gigabit Ethernet
GRE Generic Routing Encapsulation
GUI Graphic User Interface
H
HDSL High-speed Digital Subscriber Line
I
IAD Integrated Access Device
ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol
IDT Intelligent Data Terminal
IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
IP Internet Protocol
ISP Internet service provider
ISU Intelligent Service Unit
L
LAC L2TP access concentrator
LAN Local Area Network
L2TP Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol
M
MAC Medium Access Control
MAN Metropolitan Area Network
MDF Main Distribution Unit
MIB Management Information Base
MPS-TC Management Protocol Specific Transmission Convergence
MTBF Mean Time Between Failures
N
NIC Network Information Center
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NMS Network Management System
O
ODF Optical Distribution Frame
OSPF Open Shortest Path First
OSS Operation Support System
P
PITP Policy Information Transfer Protocol
PMD Physical Medium Dependent
PMS-TC Physical Media Specific Transmission Convergence
PPP Point-to-Point Protocol
PPPoA Point-to-Point Protocol Over ATM
PPPoE Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
PQ Priority Queuing
PSD Power Spectral Density
PVC Permanent Virtual Circuit
Q
QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
QoS Quality of Service
QinQ 802.1q in 802.1q
R
RADSL Rate Adaptive Digital Subscriber Line
RADIUS Remote Authentication Dial In User Service
RAU Remote Access Unit
RFI Radio Frequency Interference
RIP Routing Information Protocol
RMON Remote Network Monitoring
RSTP Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
RTU Remote Transceiver Unit
S
SCU Super Control Unit Board
SHDSL Single-pair High-speed Digital Subscriber Line
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
SNI Service Network Interface
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SOHO Small Office Home Office
SNR Signal-to-Noise Ratio
SP Strict Priority
SPM Powerful Splitter Framer Main Control Board
SOHO Small Office Home Office
STB Set Top Box
STP Spanning Tree Protocol
STU-R SHDSL Transceiver Unit - Remote end
T
TC-PAM Trellis Coded Pulse Amplitude Modulation
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol
TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol
ToS Type of Service
TPS-TC Transport Protocol Specific Transmission Convergence
TTL Time To Live
U
UCL User Control List
UDP User Datagram Protocol
UNI User-to-Network Interface
V
VCI Virtual Channel Identifier
VPI Virtual Path Identifier
VPN Virtual Private Network
VLAN Virtual LAN
VOD Video On Demand
VoIP Voice over IP
VT Virtual Terminal
VTY Virtual Type Terminal
W
WRR Weighted Round Robin
X
xDSL x Digital Subscriber Line

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Index
Numerics
255 Smart VLANs, 3-5
2688 ADSL2+ lines, 1-3
448 SHDSL lines, 1-3
64-port ADSL2+ board, 1-3
896 ADSL2+ lines, 1-3
A
address aging, 3-8
ADSL, A-2
ADSL2+
better interconnectivity, 3-3
less power consumption, 3-2
line diagnosis, 3-3, A-7
longer transmission reach, 3-2
seamless rate adaptive, A-7
B
backbone network, 4-5
backplane capacity, 1-2
BRAS
centralized BRAS, 4-1
distributed BRAS, 4-1
office-end BRAS, 4-1
built-in ISU
accounting, 3-9
diverse service, 4-3
enhanced security management, 4-3
flexible service management, 4-3
leveled user control, 3-9
multiple authentication means, 3-9
service gateway, 4-7
sophisticated bandwidth management, 4-3
C
Category-5 twisted pair, 1-8
check-in, 4-10
check-out, 4-10
CLI
abundant commands, 5-2
easy online help, 5-2
hierarchical protection, 5-2
intelligent command match, 5-3
customized QoS, 1-5
D
delay insensitive, 1-5
dynamic mapping, 3-11
E
Environment parameters, 3-16
F
fast-leave, 1-3
frequency spectrum interoperability, 3-2
H
H66 cabinet
component, 2-5
dimensions, 2-3
layout, 2-4
SPL frame, 2-5
HDLS2, A-1
HDSL, A-1
heat dissipation, 1-7
high-density line board, 1-3
Home Gateway, 1-3
host software
architecture, 2-11
TCP/IP model, 2-11
hot-swappable, 1-6
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I
IDSL, A-2
iManager N2000, 1-1, 1-7
inband NMS networking, 5-5
L
large capacity backplane, 1-2
loopless tree network, 3-12
M
MA5600 frame
hardware architecture, 2-6
SPL frame, 2-7
working pricniple, 2-7
managed multicast
authority management, 3-8
program management, 3-8
user management, 3-8
management port
environment monitor port, 1-10
ETH, 1-9
serial port, 1-9
modularized design, 2-1
multicast group membership, 3-7
N
network port
FE port, 1-9
GE port, 1-9
non-blocking GE bus, 2-7
O
OSPF
area division, 3-10
equivalent route, 3-10
fast convergence, 3-10
no self-loop, 3-10
route hierarchy, 3-11
wide application range, 3-10
outband NMS networking, 5-6
P
packet forwarding rate, 1-2
private VLAN tag, 4-6
public VLAN ID, 4-5
public VLAN tag, 4-6
Q
QoS
diffServ service, 3-13
flow classification, 3-13
port rate limit, 3-13
queue scheduling, 3-14
traffic policing, 3-13
R
RADSL, A-2
RIP
Hop Count, 3-10
routing update, 3-9
split-horizon algorithm, 3-10
S
SDSL, A-1
service wholesale
GRE mode, 1-4
L2TP mode, 1-4
QinQ mode, 1-4
SHDSL, A-2
standard VLAN
interconnected, 3-4
network security, 3-5
subscriber port
ADSL2+ port, 1-8
FE/GE port, 1-8
SHDSL port, 1-8
subtending networking, 4-4, 4-5
Super VLAN
router interface, 3-6
Sub VLAN, 3-5
switching fabric, 1-2
system integration, 1-2
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T
Telnet session, 5-2
terminal MIB, 3-15
triple play
built-in ISU, 1-3, 4-7
external BRAS, 1-3, 4-8
V
VDSL, A-3
virtual service port, 3-5
VLAN aggregation, 3-11
VLAN stacking
private line wholesale service, 3-7
VLAN extension, 3-6
X
xDSL line test port, 1-7

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