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WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 22, 2014 Successful People Read The Post 4000 RIEL



Eddie Morton
CAMBODIA is one of only
two economies worldwide
to have declined in global
value chain (GVC) participa-
tion since 1995, according to
the World Trade Organiza-
tions latest study.
The WTOs World Trade
Report 2014, released on
October 20, shows Cambo-
dias overall percentage of
GVC participation one
countrys contribution to a
multicountry production
network slipped from about
44 per cent in 1995 to 40 per
cent in 2008.
Looking at the changes
across time, all economies
apart from South Africa and
Cambodia increased their
participation in GVCs, the
WTO report states, adding
that data on GVC linkages
remains scarce.
The report also shows that
between 1995 and 2008
Cambodia became more
Aaron Tam and Dennis Chong
HONG Kong authorities
and pro-democracy pro-
testers yesterday held their
first talks aimed at ending
weeks of rallies that have
immobilised parts of the
city, after its leader ruled
out major reforms.
Chief Executive Leung
Chun-ying, in an interview
late on Monday, said open
elections for his successor
as demanded by demon-
strators would result in the
largest sector of society
the citys poor dominating
the electoral process.
But hours before the talks
began, he raised the pros-
pect of limited reforms
offering protesters an olive
branch after more than three
weeks of rallies and road-
blocks in the financial hub.
Several major intersec-
tions in the semi-autono-
mous southern Chinese city
have been paralysed since
September 28 by mass rallies
demanding free elections, in
chain in
hold rst
HK talks
May Titthara and Sean Teehan
Takeo province
OUR employees suffered
back and leg injuries after
part of the floor collapsed
at a Takeo province gar-
ment factory yesterday morning.
Authorities blamed the incident
the latest to raise questions about
building safety in Cambodias big-
gest export industry on substand-
ard construction.
Some 800 workers fled from Build-
ing B of the Nishiku Enterprise fac-
tory at about 9:30am after part of the
ground floor near the entrance caved
in, pinning several workers under
their sewing machines and causing
minor injuries, witnesses said.
According to a primary investiga-
tion, it was caused by substandard
construction, said Som Hor, depu-
ty chief of a military police unit in
Bati districts Putsar commune. We
have asked investigating officers to
check the construction again,
because the company did not follow
the blueprints they submitted.
A portion of the floor, below eight
work stations, collapsed due to a
lack of reinforcement in its founda-
tion. It sat atop a 40-by-20-metre
Factory collapse injures four
Govt, owners must do more to ensure safety in garment sector: labour groups
A security guard inspects
damage at Nishiku Enter-
prises garment factory in
Takeo province yesterday
morning. VIREAK MAI
Factory collapse in Takeo province injures four
Continued from page 1
reservoir dug underneath and
gave way under the factorys
weight, said Chan Monika
director of Nishikus human
While about 150 people stood
outside Nishikus large gates
after workers left the factory, the
floor of the building slanted
about 1 metre underground,
with portions of the ceiling
downed, wires and hunks of
insulation hanging from above.
Recounting the incident two
hours later, Khat Sorya said she
fell down after the floor collapsed
while she was retrieving a pair of
scissors for a co-worker.
I heard a sound, and I ran
back, but the concrete I was
standing on collapsed and I fell
with machines, Sorya said.
Luckily I was not injured; I tried
to crawl out of the debris.
At Bati Referral Hospital, four
injured women and two who
fainted in shock rested on wood-
framed beds with no mattresses
set up outside the hospital.
Oeur Pich, whose left leg was
injured, said that when the floor
fell, she first struggled to climb
up amid dust and rubble, but
then tried to help other workers
stuck under machines. The
industrial appliances were too
heavy for her to lift on her own,
so she shouted until other work-
ers came back to help.
As soon as I heard a sound,
the machines and workers col-
lapsed [with the floor]; I am
extremely shocked, but luckily
nobody was killed, she said. I
will continue to work at [Nishiku]
even though I am afraid
because I have no choice.
Nishiku supplies to UK-based
New Look, the Community Legal
Education Center (CLEC) said. It
also supplies to H&M, according
to union C.CAWDU.
An H&M spokeswoman said
yesterday that local staff in
Cambodia is currently investi-
gating this case, and we cannot
comment further at this point.
New Look did not respond to
an email.
The collapse shows that more
attention must be paid to build-
ing safety at garment factories,
Dave Welsh, country director of
labour rights group Solidarity
Center, said at the hospital.
It just speaks to the fact that
structural integrity should be a
priority, he said.
Responsibility for inspections
falls on the Ministry of Labour,
said Moen Tola, head of the
labour program at CLEC. Month-
ly safety inspections, by law, are
supposed to be carried out.
In the wake of the Wing Star
Shoes factory collapse that killed
two workers, including a 13-year-
old girl, in Kampong Speu in May
last year, Minister of Labour Ith
Sam Heng, then the social affairs
minister, promised swift action.
We will create an inspec-
tion committee to investigate
all the factories in this coun-
try, he said.
But Labour Ministry spokes-
man Heng Sour last night said
that following the Wing Star col-
lapse, a new committee had
instead been set up by the Min-
istry of Land Management,
Urban Planning and Construc-
tion to carry out surprise
inspections on building condi-
tions and fire safety.
Sun Lyhov of C.CAWDU, how-
ever, said the government has
little control over what is being
built. They have no control
over the quality of buildings,
Lyhov said. The union is consid-
ering a lawsuit against the fac-
tory, he added, because yester-
days incident is not the factorys
first infraction.
In separate incidents in the
garment sector since the Wing
Star collapse, workers have been
injured when a walkway col-
lapsed into a pond at a factory in
the capitals Meanchey district,
and authorities have discovered
an entire storey built at a factory
without permission.
Yesterdays collapse coincid-
ed with the release of the Inter-
national Labour Organizations
Better Factories Cambodia
(BFC) programs third transpar-
ency report.
The report documents facto-
ries compliance with critical
issues relating to workers
rights, health and safety.
Nishiku, previously called
Asia Dragon Garment, is listed
as compliant with all 20 appli-
cable critical issues.
But Jill Tucker, BFC chief tech-
nical adviser, said that struc-
tural assessments were not
something the group was capa-
ble of doing.
In order to do a real struc-
tural assessment you need
qualified structural engineers;
we do not have any on staff,
she said. I dont think that we
will ever become engineers, its
not our role. But we need to
make sure that others are look-
ing into this.
Tucker said the ILO invited a
team of experts from Filipino
company ECCI on a 10-day trip
to Cambodia in June to assess
the building and fire safety of a
sample of factories.
They could only go to 10 fac-
tories out of 500 . . . [so] they tried
to get coverage of different types
of factories, she said, adding
that the experts met with repre-
sentatives of GMAC, the Labour
Ministry and the Land Manage-
ment, Urban Planning and Con-
struction Ministry.
Based on ECCIs findings,
which BFC received yesterday,
the group would be making rec-
ommendations, Tucker said.
Nishiku was not one of the fac-
tories selected for assessment.
In the future, Tucker added,
the structural integrity of facto-
ries is definitely an issue we
need to address . . . [but] it is not
something we can do alone.
According to the transpar-
ency report, other critical
issues are lessening since the
program began publicly sham-
ing factories.
In its report, the BFC noted a
19 per cent improvement in
the requirement to hold regular
evacuation drills and an 8 per
cent improvement in the
requirement to ensure that
workers are free from discrimi-
nation since it first began nam-
ing problem factories last year.
Out of the 13 factories origi-
nally included in the low com-
pliance list, two have gotten
their act together in recent
months, the report says.
One-fourth of the 95 facto-
ries added to the Critical Issues
list in this report made improve-
ments . . . in anticipation of their
inclusion, it says. The total
number of Critical Issues viola-
tions in this group of factories
fell from 109 to 75 between July
and September. ADDITIONAL
A man takes photographs of the collapsed oor at Nishiku Enterprises garment factory in Takeo province
yesterday morning. VIREAK MAI
Charges over broken statue
Charles Rollet and Sen David
HARGES have been
led in the case of
a tourist from New
Zealand who toppled
and broke a Buddha statue
in Cambodias ancient Bayon
temple before eeing back to
New Zealand, a police ofcial
has conrmed.
Even though she is not
Cambodian, according to the
law we have to le a complaint
against her to protect our heri-
tage and statues. It has already
been presented at the [Siem
Reap provincial] court, said
Pan Chay, chief of the heritage
police in Siem Reap.
Chay declined to elaborate
on the specic charges and the
sentences they would imply,
citing further investigation.
Willemijn Vermaat, the Dutch
tourist who broke the statue,
is now back in New Zealand,
where she has lived for the past
eight years.
Last week, Vermaat told New
Zealand media that she pushed
the statue a replica from 1988
under the orders of a mystical
spirit goddess.
Friends of Vermaat told re-
porters she had been strug-
gling with personal issues.
But there is no clear indica-
tion whether Vermaat will be
extradited to Cambodia to face
the charges.
We have not been contacted
by the Cambodian authorities
regarding this case, said Nick
Peulen, a Dutch embassy of-
cial in Bangkok.
Although the possibility of
such an extradition seems un-
likely New Zealand and Cam-
bodia do not have any extradi-
tion agreement, and efforts to
extradite New Zealand-based
internet entrepreneur Kim
Dotcom to the US are dragging
on some Cambodian ofcials
are not letting the matter go.
Apsara Authority director
Bun Narith said the organisa-
tion, which manages the Ang-
kor Wat complex, had already
asked the advice of the Council
of Jurists at Cambodias Council
of Ministers to gure out a way
to bring Vermaat to justice.
We will ask how to proceed,
Narith said.
He added that the Bud-
dha statue at the centre of the
storm has been repaired, and
will be reinaugurated in its
rightful place in a ceremony on
Workers repair a Buddha statue earlier last week after it was damaged by a tourist at Siem Reaps ancient
Bayon temple. PHOTO SUPPLIED
Kim Sarom
THE Supreme Court yesterday
upheld the murder convictions
of former Phnom Penh Mu-
nicipal Police chief Heng Pov
and three others in the case
of the 2003 killing of Phnom
Penh Municipal Court judge
Sok Sethamoni.
Defendants Pov, Ly Rasy,
Hang Vutha and Prum Sop-
hearith have been convicted
on a raft of charges including
multiple high-prole murders
since their arrests in 2006,
but have consistently blamed
the late, disgraced ex-National
Police chief Hok Lundy and for-
mer head of penal police at the
Ministry of Interior Mok Chito
for framing them.
Pov took the same tack yes-
terday, saying that Lundy and
Chito who currently serves
as the chief of the Interior Min-
istrys Central Justice Depart-
ment had framed him for his
refusal to sign fraudulent titles
granting several homes to Viet-
namese nationals.
He also took issue with the
fact that he had been barred
from his own sentencing hear-
ing because he had arrived late.
It is damn unjust for me, and
I will appeal to the Ministry of
Justice and the National Assem-
bly, because I did not commit
this as accused, he added.
Pov and the others were ac-
cused of shooting judge Set-
hamoni while his car was
stopped at a trafc light. Days
after the incident, a military
police investigation yielded
the arrests of three other men,
but they were later released,
and authorities picked up Pov
and the others instead. Pov was
sentenced to 18 years in prison,
and the rest were given 16.
Family members of the ac-
cused also blasted the courts
decision, with Chea Kim Hoy,
Rasys mother, saying her son
had been convicted solely based
on accusations contained in an
unsigned letter.
Sun Sophorn, sister of former
co-defendant Hang Vuthy (not
to be confused with defendant
Hang Vutha), who did not ap-
peal his sentence, criticised
the courts decision not to call
her brother to testify as pres-
sure exerted on him by Chito
not to appeal.
All of these [things] were
ordered by Mok Chito, so no
one dares to make a decision
. . . Hang Vuthy is the most cru-
cial witness in the case of Heng
Pov, she said.
Chito has always denied alle-
gations of involvement.
Heng Povs conviction
afrmed by high court
More prep for Water Festival
Chhay Channyda

HOUSANDS of gov-
ernment forces will
be deployed to help
with crowd control at
this years Water Festival, while
boaters, who wont be allowed
to camp out in the usual area
across the river from the Royal
Palace, will be allotted their
own places to sleep, according
to new measures that were an-
nounced by ofcials.
Kheng Tito, spokesman for
the National Military Police,
said yesterday that 2,000 mem-
bers of the military police will
be on hand at the ceremony,
which starts on November 5
and goes on for three days.
They will be ready to coop-
erate with the national police
forces to regulate public order
and the trafc in the capital,
Tito explained, adding that
1,000 additional military po-
lice personnel will assist with
rst aid in case of an unex-
pected accident.
We are preventing a repeat
of the old incident from hap-
pening again, he said, refer-
ring to a panicked stampede at
the 2010 festival in which 353
were killed.
The festival has not been
held since, with the govern-
ment citing oods and the
death of King Father Norodom
Sihanouk as the reasons for
the recent cancellations.
In years past, those who
raced along the Tonle Sap dur-
ing the festival stayed along the
eastern bank of the river. But
with the paving of the prom-
enade, boaters have been told
to stay in pagodas and schools
this year, Long Dimanche,
spokesman for City Hall, said
last month.
While he didnt specify the
locations, Kem Gunawadh, di-
rector general of state-owned
broadcaster TVK, said yester-
day that there are 10 locations
in pagodas, schools and in
the Phnom Penh Port area re-
served for boaters during the
three-day festival.
He added that 1,000 foreign
tourists are expected to attend
and that the government will
advertise the festival on CNN.
There will also be live con-
certs by the Ministry of Cul-
ture and private companies
at Wat Botum, Wat Phnom,
across the river in Chroy
Changvar and at Freedom
Park, Gunawadh said.
People walk along the newly paved promenade on the east bank of the Tonle Sap river yesterday. Authorities
are suggesting that boaters look for accommodation in pagodas and schools during Water Festival. PHA LINA
Mom Kunthear
ABOUT 600 employees of a
Phnom Penh garment factory
will return to work today after
walking out with the demand
of receiving their salaries before
next months Water Festival.
Ginwin Industry (Cambo-
dia) Co yesterday agreed to pay
workers a portion of their wag-
es ahead of the festival, said
Toun Saren of the Collective
Union of Movement of Work-
ers (CUMW).
Workers want a salary ad-
vance this month because the
Water Festival will begin a day
before they are typically paid,
Saren said.
In addition to the request,
workers want better conditions
at the factory, Saren said. The
Arbitration Council will hear
the demands today.
While workers reluctantly
agreed to the partial payment
of their salary yesterday, many
dont like the deal, said So Nang,
a 27-year-old representative.
We negotiated twice, and
the factory agreed to advance
each worker $100, Nang said.
The workers are not happy
to accept this, but have no
Factory OKs
only part of
pay advance
Refugee debate
Concerns on
deal will be
aired: Sokha
CTING opposition leader
Kem Sokha said yesterday
that he will write to the
government and the Australian
Embassy expressing concerns
over the refugee resettlement
scheme between the two coun-
tries, and he also might raise the
issue in parliament.
The CNRP deputy president
made the comments after
meeting with representatives of
groups that have protested the
deal including students, activ-
ists and monks.
In my view, if looking at both
sides, the Australian government
has a problem with refugees in
their country. Too many refugees
keep coming there on boats. This
is a serious problem and politi-
cally they have used this issue to
gain support during the election
campaign. I do not agree with this
politicking, which puts pressure
on others, he said.
But then Cambodia is bound by
its refugee convention obligations,
and thus cannot say no, he added.
This is completely wrong, it
is not an obligation . . . We must
be aware that the refugees
themselves are seeking a new life
in Australia. They did not ask for
Cambodia. TAING VIDA
CNRP youth: well fight ISIS
Meas Sokchea

T LEAST 50 opposition
party youth members
and supporters are
asking for permission
to join the US-led ght against
Islamic State militants, a lead-
ing activist said yesterday.
In return, they hope the
US will help them ght Viet-
namese encroachment in
Cambodia and take back the
island of Koh Tral (or Phu
Quoc) from Vietnam, said
Soung Sophorn, 27, who was
the Cambodia National Res-
cue Partys sole candidate in
Pailin province during last
Julys national election.
The youths who want to
join [the ght against ISIS]
have already prepared our-
selves and this is our own
choice, he said yesterday,
adding that the young nation-
alists want to represent Cam-
bodia as part of the US-led
international coalition.
After eliminating ISIS reb-
els, I will ask the United States
of America to eliminate Viet-
namese rebels on Koh Tral
too, Sophorn said.
We are already prepared to
die together in ghting ISIS.
Two other youth activists
backed up Sophorns claims.
When Khmer children
nish [our] mission in help-
ing the world, we will ask the
world to help Cambodia back.
We want the world to know
our Khmer childrens heart,
said Neang Sokhun, 26, the
CNRP youth treasurer in Ch-
bar Ampov district.
Thirty-two-year-old activ-
ist Hang Sisovath said he was
willing to depart at any time.
We cannot avoid death, so
we agree to die for our nation
and for the world. I am already
prepared send me at any
time, I will go, he said.
CNRP spokesman Yim So-
vann would not say whether
the party supported the youth
or not.
He said that the party sup-
ported activities that promot-
ed peace for the world.
Public affairs head Mu Soch-
ua said that the youth can go
on their own, its not the policy
of the party.
But government spokesman
Phay Siphan said that Cambo-
dians would not be allowed to
go off and ght ISIS.
The Constitution does not
allow [Cambodians] to join
[and ght] against anyone.
Joining [a group] to oppose
anyone is not the political
platform of the Royal Gov-
It was reported last week that
members of Dutch biker gangs
had travelled to Iraq and joined
Kurdish forces ghting ISIS.
Cambodia National Rescue Party youth member Soung Sophorn talks to the media last year. Soung Sophorn
is one of more than 50 CNRP youth who is offering to ght Islamic Militants. THE PHNOM PENH POST
Charles Rollet
THE arrest of the French di-
rector of a Sihanoukville NGO
for child abuse has left the
citys small French community
dumbfounded, in large part
because of the mans promi-
nent role in setting up the rst
formal French school in town.
Philippe Broaly, a former
judge from Lyon, was arrested
last week and accused of sexu-
ally abusing seven boys aged
between 12 and 19.
Broaly is the president of
Enfants du Cambodge, an
NGO which partners Cambo-
dian children with donors in
But Broaly was also the presi-
dent of the Ecole Francaise de
Sihanoukville, which now has
parents reeling over the allega-
tions, even though the allega-
tions stem from his work with
the NGO, not the school.
Eric Gaiddon, a diving in-
structor who has three chil-
dren at the school, said Broaly
was the driving force behind its
Just last year I was fetch-
ing my children at his house,
said Gaiddon, explaining that
classes were held in Broalys
home before a new building
was constructed.
None of the parents had
heard about this, he said.
Thanks to Broalys efforts, the
private school was recognised
by the French Embassy in 2013,
which helped it obtain teachers
and equipment.
No one at the school had
heard of any lurid activities on
Broalys part, said Gaiddon.
If someone had heard about
it, in two days everybody would
have known because the com-
munity [is so small].
The French Embassy con-
rmed to the Post that it sent a
representative to Sihanoukville
on Monday to speak with par-
ents about the schools future,
and that it visited Broaly under
detention as well.
Khoem Vando, deputy direc-
tor of eld operations for child
protection NGO Action Pour
Les Enfants, said his organi-
sation had heard rumours of
abuse at Enfants du Cambodge
before but had no evidence
to carry out an investigation,
something which changed
when a tip came through in
July from a former teacher.
A representative of Enfants du
Cambodge who did not iden-
tify herself on the phone said
donors would not be fazed.
He would never do such
Shock in Sihanoukville
at claims of sex abuse
Laignee Barron
IN ADDITION to bringing a
highly anticipated boost to the
regions development, next years
ASEAN Economic Community
could also incur a host of darker
consequences, including an
increase in child sexual exploita-
tion, the United Nations warns.
With freer borders and
enhanced mobility under the
upcoming integration, offend-
ers who prey upon children
may have an easier time gain-
ing access to the regions vul-
nerable kids, according to an
internal report by the UN Office
on Drugs and Crime.
Tourist arrivals in ASEAN are
projected to nearly triple from
40.5 million in 2014 to over 112
million by 2018.
The rise in legitimate tourist
arrivals is likely to be matched by
a similar increase in travelling
child sex offenders seeking
access to vulnerable children,
said the UNODCs Protecting the
Future: Improving the Response
to Child Sex Offending in South-
east Asia report. While Western
males may be perceived as the
stereotypical child sex tourist in
Southeast Asia, Asian tourists
make up a larger percentage of
the offenders, the reports finds.
From the data that we have, a
small percentage of offenders
are Westerners; the vast majority
of the offences are committed by
Cambodians, followed by Viet-
namese, Chinese and Japanese
visitors, said Margaret Akullo, a
UNODC program coordinator
and one of the reports authors.
From 2003-2013, 305 offend-
ers were arrested in Cambodia
for child sex offences, 132 of
whom were Cambodian,
UNODC data show.
Though sexual crimes against
children are imprisonable
offences in Cambodia, only a
slim fraction of the suspects end
up brought to trial and sen-
tenced. Just 18 foreigners were
sent to court in Cambodia dur-
ing 2013 for sexually abusing
children, according to the Min-
istry of Interior.
Meanwhile, studies have cal-
culated the victims to number
closer to a thousand over the
past decade.
Cambodias legal system is
among the weakest in the ASEAN
. . . the poor legal enforcement
and the option of buying justice
will make Cambodia the top des-
tination for child sex offenders,
said Seila Samleang, executive
director of child protection NGO
Action Pour Les Enfants.
The UNODC is currently
working with Cambodia to
strengthen the legal gaps and
address a perceived lack of skills
and knowledge in the police
force in terms of investigating
and prosecuting child exploita-
tion cases in coordination with
the other ASEAN members.
This is not a crime one
country can fight on its own in
isolation, said Akullo.
Cambodian Interior Ministry
spokesman Khieu Sopheak
offered assurances that the King-
dom had a strategy.
We have our mechanisms . . .
We are not doing nothing,
Sopheak said.
Trodden-upon dancer
bore enduring grudge
NEXT time youre intoxicated
and attempting some moves
at a wedding party, watch
your feet. A Poipet man was
beaten up at home on Mon-
day, days after he stepped on
the toes of a hothead on a
wedding reception dance
floor. The victim was watch-
ing TV and had forgotten to
lock his door when the pair of
suspects quietly entered and
jumped him. A neighbour
called the police, who arrest-
ed them. The duo claimed
they had asked the victim to
apologise at the wedding but
he had refused. DEUM AMPIL
Things get messy at the
market after drug raid
A TRIO of Kratie town market
vendors was found to have
been selling a lot more than
clothes at their stalls on
Monday. According to police,
they also offered meth.
Neighbouring vendors had
seen them palming off drugs
to customers and tipped off
police, who mounted an
undercover sting. A total of
14 packages of yaba pills
were uncovered and the sell-
ers have been packed off to
Police say they arrested
notorious moto robber
A VIOLENT moto thief was
picked up by police in Phnom
Penhs Chbar Ampov district
on Monday. The arrest came
two months after he beat up
a man who was walking
home in order to steal his
bike. He escaped and police
didnt think they would find
him until he was spotted on
Monday. He has been sent to

Ship sails on suspects
alleged boat scheme
A BUSINESSMAN who alleg-
edly pulled a fast one on his
partner was charged in court
yesterday with breach of
trust. The 58-year-old estab-
lished a fast boat company
in Kampong Chhnang prov-
ince with a Vietnamese part-
ner, but slyly sold all 65 boats
on the side and kept the
money for himself. The
alleged victim is asking for
the more than $100,000 that
he spent on the business to
be paid back. PHNOM PENH POST
Woman refuses to flee
from suspect with knife
A TOUGH woman bravely
tried to fight off a knife-
wielding attacker in Kratie
town on Saturday after he
tried to steal her necklace.
According to police, the vic-
tim was walking home when
the thief appeared with a
knife. Instead of handing the
necklace over, she attempted
to fight him off and was left
injured. Luckily neighbours
intervened and walloped the
man, before packing his
bruised and bloodied body off
Translated by Sen David
left without
LMOST 20,000 people
could die as a result of
AIDS over the next seven
years if they are not given access
to HIV medication, a National
AIDS Authority ofcial said
At a conference in the capital to
announce mid-year transmission
rates, Tia Phalla, the NAA vice-
chairman, said that although the
number of people contracting HIV
was declining, only about 53,000
of roughly 72,000 people with
HIV/AIDS were receiving medica-
tion, leaving the rest at risk.
If they dont receive these
drugs, we estimate that 19,193
people will die over the next
seven years, he said, adding that
funding was crucial.
[On average], at least 3,074
people die each year [due to AIDS],
which is most concerning.
According to information
released by the NAA yesterday,
789 people were infected with
HIV in the rst six months of
the year.
For the period from July 2015
to December 2017, the NAA said,
$38-$44 million will be needed
for HIV/AIDS issues, about $26
million of which will directly go to
treatment. SENDAVID
Broken promises
Charges laid
after migrant
work scam
RECRUITER was charged
yesterday with duping 24
migrant worker hope-
fuls out of more than $40,000 in
exchange for jobs in South Korea
that she allegedly had no means
of delivering.
The workers went to Em Sam
Ouens Cambodian Organisation
for Veteran Economic Develop-
ment in Phnom Penh last year
after hearing a radio advertise-
ment, according to prosecuting
attorney Than Thavorak.
Many victims have applied
for work from her organisation
because she lied that her organi-
sation has obtained the licence
for labourer recruitment from
the Ministry of Labour, he said.
To attract more people . . . she
also said that she was a relative
of a high-ranking Ministry of
Labour ofcial.
According to the allegations,
more than 50 workers paid
between $300 and $500 for prom-
ised employment in South Korea.
But as of a 2007 agreement, Cam-
bodian workers can only secure
employment in South Korea via a
government-run quota system.
Sam Oeun did not nd jobs
for any workers her company
recruited, nor did she return the
money, according to the hearing
at Phnom Penh Municipal Court
yesterday. She was charged with
fraud and creating confusion
that interfered with the duties of
public ofcials, said judge Kim
Rath Narim.
He added that she was arrested
by the Ministry of Interiors penal
police on January 10 based on the
complaints of the labourers.
A verdict is scheduled for No-
Work ethic focus of KRT hearing
Stuart White

N A closed-door meet-
ing yesterday, the Khmer
Rouge tribunal discussed
assertions from the Khieu
Samphan defence that it has
insufcient resources to both
attend hearings in the recently
begun Case 002/02 and simul-
taneously prepare its appeal in
Case 002/01.
Though the defences claims
formed part of its reasoning
for boycotting further hear-
ings in the new trial until it
has submitted its appeal in
the rst, trial chamber judges
yesterday questioned why the
defence had not requested
additional resources until
this month.
With the defence absent due
to their boycott, judges instead
put questions to representa-
tives from the courts Ofce of
Administration and Defence
Support Section (DSS).
Judge Jean-Marc Lavergne at-
tempted to discern how much
time Samphan defenders Ar-
thur Vercken and Anta Guisse
had spent outside of Cam-
bodia since the Case 002/01
judgement was issued, and
whether the working hours re-
ected in their recent month-
ly reports correspond[ed] to
half-time work.
In response, DSS head Isaac
Endeley said that he hadnt
counted the days the team
had spent away but noted
that they had left for a period.
As for the work reports, he
added, they corresponded
clearly to a full-time work-
load for the Khieu Samphan
defence team.
Since defence team budgets
only allow for one internation-
al lawyer, he added, Guisse and
Vercken share one salary.
Judge Claudia Fenz also
asked whether the budget
could support two sets of law-
yers per client, a system that
deputy administration head
Knut Rosandhaug said he did
not envision . . . but if the trial
chamber so directs, we will
implement that situation.
Samphan defender Vercken
yesterday called the tenor of
the meeting, which he was
briefed on later, ridiculous
and very aggressive, noting
that he was perfectly capable
of working on the case from
his ofce in France We are in
2014, he noted and refuted
the benchs assertion that his
team had only recently sought
additional resources.
We asked for supplemen-
tary resources since months
[ago], he said.
Only 45 minutes of yester-
days meeting were made pub-
lic, and court legal communi-
cations ofcer Lars Olsen said
he was unable to comment on
what was discussed outside of
that window.
Khieu Samphan (centre) sits with co-lawyers Arthur Vercken (right) and Anta Guisse (left) before the
pronouncement of the verdict in case 002/01 at the ECCC in August. ECCC
dies after
toad meal
With AEC, risks abound
Khouth Sophak Chakrya
A NEWLY married teen died
after eating toad on Monday
afternoon in Tbong Khmum
province, according to local
Yu Touch, a police officer in
Dambe districts Seda com-
mune, said that Toeng Porng,
18, died after eating a meal of
fried red toad.
Her husband and two broth-
ers became violently sick, but
have survived, he said.
Deputy district police chief
Orng Sokheng said that
authorities initial conclusion
is that the family must have
failed to clean the toads prop-
erly and had accidentally eaten
their highly poisonous eggs.
The toad meat is not the
problem, but its eggs are very
poisonous, and it can poison
whoever eats it and kill them.
I believe that people already
know about this, Sokheng
Rom Ra, Porngs husband,
said that he had eaten the
same type of toad numerous
times without any problem.
He said that although he
knew the eggs were poison-
ous, they must have mistak-
enly included them in Mon-
days meal.
The toad meat is more deli-
cious t han f rog meat,
he said.
Asian common toads, which
are found in Cambodia and
can be red in colour, are toxic
to humans and known to
cause illness and death. Sci-
entists believe this is one rea-
son that the species has few
A child sits on a chair at an orphanage in Siem Reap province in July. A new report suggests that ASEAN
integration could lead to an increase in child exploitation. GEORGE NICKELS
Hor Kimsay
and Daniel de Carteret
rubber farmers are
hoping a commit-
ment to stabilise
prices among rubber produc-
ing countries will help curb
sliding prots in the sector.
Industry representatives
from Thailand, Indonesia,
Vietnam, Malaysia, Cambo-
dia and other rubber produc-
ing countries met in Malaysia
last week to discuss what can
be done to stem the fall of
rubber prices.
According to an October
15 report from Reuters, the
rubber producing nations
agreed to urge their mem-
bers not to sell rubber below
$1.50 a kilogram.
Ly Phalla, director general
of the Agriculture Ministrys
General Directorate of Rub-
ber, who attended the Malay-
sia meeting, would not com-
ment directly on a potential
oor price yesterday.
The major reason behind
the lower price of rubber at
the market is due mainly to
oversupply, he said.
Once those major rubber
producing countries slow
down their production, the
price will be better.
Phalla said that industry
bodies from rubber produc-
ing nations had arrived at an
in principle agreement that
would be formalised at an of-
cial signing by the Ministry
on December 12.
Many Cambodian rubber
farmers are currently facing
unprotable harvests due to
declining prices.
Despite imports up 29 per
cent in the rst nine months
of the year to 67,500 tonnes,
the value of rubber exports
have declined by 8 per cent
from a year earlier to $113
Leng Kimchheang, a rub-
ber farmer who owns 100
hectares of rubber elds in
Mondulkiri province, said
that he was selling rubber in
his area for 2,500 riel ($0.63)
per kilogram.
It cannot compensate the
cost of labour, he said.
It was necessary to com-
plete the harvest however,
Kimchheang said, to ensure
that the tree continued to
yield rubber in future years.
I need to force myself to
harvest to avoid damaging
the tree, he said.
Oul Kunthy, a rubber farm-
er with 6 hectares in Tbong
Kmum province, sells his
produce at 3,900 riel per ki-
logram, or close to $1,000 per
tonne. Still, Kunthy said, at
that price it is hard to justify
Prices have dropped dra-
matically he said from about
$5,000 per tonne in 2010.
We cannot survive with
the current price, but we
dont know what to do or
where to raise our difcul-
ties, Kunthy explained. If
there is a price mechanism
to improve the price to a bet-
ter level, it will provide us
new hope.
Independent Economist
Srey Chanthy warned against
applying a rubber oor
I dont think the market
will buy it, because they will
have other alternatives and
the demand is not there,
Chanthy said.
Chanty said that larger rub-
ber producers had bought up
a lot of land in recent years
which was contributing to the
oversupply in the market and
driving down prices.
A xed sale price above
what the market was willing
to pay, Chanty said, was likely
to drive smallholders out
of the business as it would
weaken further the demand
for rubber.
Only the larger producers,
able to maintain lower costs
of production would be able
to sustain less global demand
he said.
Indicative Exchange Rates as of 21/10/2014. Please contact ANZ Royal Global Markets on 023 999 910 for real time rates.
Career fair
spurs jobs
Chan Muyhong
CAMBODIAs lack of skilled
workers in manufacturing, and
engineering industries was cast
into the limelight at this years
National Career Fair.
Pleading to a room of job-
hungry students, Pich Sophoan,
secretary of state for the Min-
istry of Labour and Vocational
Training, said the scarce
number of skilled industry
graduates continues to exacer-
bate Cambodias jobs mis-
match issue.
Our primary sector in eco-
nomic growth is agriculture,
but students are not interested
to study about it, Sophoan
With an average of $700 mil-
lion of foreign investment
f lowing into the country
annually, Sophoan urged uni-
versity students to consider
the growing demand for grad-
uates in the industrial and
agricultural sectors instead of
finance and banking.
We have too many students
studying marketing, manage-
ment, banking and business,
Sophoan said during the two-
day career fair, which was large-
ly filled with exhibitors from the
finance and business sectors.
The National Career Fair will
conclude today at Diamond
Island Convention centre.
A collection container hangs from a rubber tree in Kampong Chams Memot district earlier this year. Rubber
producing countries in the region last week agreed in principle to consider price mechanisms to stabilise
rubber prices for the industry. HENG CHIVOAN
Farmers hope for rubber fix
Cambodia value chain participation underwhelming
Continued from page 1
involved in downstream production
activities participating only at the
tail end of the production line of GVCs.
Manufacturing was recorded as Cam-
bodias biggest contributing sector to
the worlds value chains.
The WTO stated that the reason that
low-income countries, such as Cambo-
dia, remained low on GVC participation
was due largely to their ability to fulfil
only low-skilled tasks.
Upgrading remains a challenge
for many developing countries, the
WTO report goes on to say.
Independent economist Srey Chanty
said that Cambodias downstream
GVC participation was a direct conse-
quence of poor skills training at the
tertiary level and the countrys ongo-
ing dependency on the low-skilled
garment and rice sectors.
Cambodia is stuck in this low-
skilled value chain system, with edu-
cation of the labour force in Cambodia
still very limited; that is why we are not
moving away or forward in these sec-
tors, he said.
Cambodia simply does not have the
skill yet to increase their value in the
chain of production and so our share
in the global production line is very,
very limited.
But Jayant Menon, lead economist
on trade and regional integration for
the Asian Development Bank, con-
tested the WTOs findings, saying that
Cambodia has made significant
improvements to its contribution to
GVCs since 2008.
Indeed, Cambodia appeared on the
radar screens of Japanese firms looking
to set up reserve factories mainly after
the recent Thai floods, but also a bit
before that as wages in China began to
rise sharply, Menon said.
The WTOs World Trade Report 2014
only looks at the period up to 2008 in its
analysis of GVCs in the region and there-
fore misses out on the notable improve-
ments occurring in Cambodia since
then in plugging into GVCs.
The ADB last month urged all devel-
oping Asian nations, including Cambo-
dia, to develop new GVCs by installing
low and predictable trade tariffs and
taxes, improved logistics and transport
infrastructure and by developing policy
that safeguards public health, social
well-being and the environment.
Hiroshi Suzuki, chief economist and
CEO of the Business Research Institute
of Cambodia (BRIC) said Cambodias
government along with Japanese firms
had made significant improvements to
the countrys involvement in GVCs.
Cambodia would be now one of the
biggest improved countries for partici-
pation in GVC because of Japanese
investment in labour-intensive parts
manufacturing, he said, citing the
Cambodian operations of electrical and
auto-parts makers Minebea, Yazaki and
Sumi since 2008.
China growth falls to five-year low
Fran Wang
HINAS gross do-
mestic product
(GDP) expanded
in the third quarter
at its slowest pace since the
depths of the global nancial
crisis, ofcial data showed
Tuesday, but analysts said the
worlds second-largest econ-
omy may have bottomed out.
The 7.3 per cent year-on-
year increase in July-Sep-
tember was lower than the
7.5 per cent expansion in the
previous three months, the
National Bureau of Statistics
(NBS) said, and the slowest
since the 6.6 per cent in the
rst quarter of 2009. How-
ever, it exceeded the median
forecast of 7.2 per cent in an
AFP survey of 17 economists.
Chinas economy a key
driver of global growth is
suffering from a deating
property bubble, a crackdown
on corruption and weak de-
mand from Europe, prompt-
ing authorities to introduce
monetary easing measures.
While the headline gure
was likely to add to concerns
about the world economy,
ofcials were quick to put a
largely positive spin on it.
China showed good mo-
mentum of stable growth in
the rst three quarters, said
NBS spokesman Sheng Lai-
yun, with progress made and
quality improved.
But he acknowledged the
third-quarter slowdown was
partly due to unexpectedly
greater pains brought by the
structural reform which
included still pronounced
overcapacity in traditional in-
dustries and a correction in
the property market this year.
The internal and external
environment is still compli-
cated and the economic de-
velopment still faces many
challenges, he said.
The NBS said GDP expand-
ed 7.4 per cent in January-
Sheng said growth had
remained in a reasonable
range as, among other fac-
tors, job creation was stable.
Chinas ofcial 2014 growth
target is about 7.5 per cent
in March, the same as last
year, though ofcials includ-
ing Premier Li Keqiang have
openly stated it could come
in lower.
The analysts polled by AFP
forecast growth of 7.3 per
cent this year, unchanged
from the previous estimate
three months ago but slower
than actual growth of 7.7 per
cent in 2013.
The momentum of the
economy bottoming out and
stabilising is now relatively
clear, Ma Xiaoping, a Beijing-
based economist for British
bank HSBC, told AFP.
Currently theres no risk
of an accelerated slowdown,
she added. AFP
An empty warehouse warehouse of Shanghai Kuajingtong International Co at the Shanghai Pilot Free Trade
zone. Chinas trade my slow as its economy cools in the coming years. AFP

In brief
Hong Kong brokers are
left hanging by China
BROKERS are still waiting to
find out when the link between
Hong Kongs and Shanghais
stock exchanges will begin as
a six-month deadline runs out.
There is no timetable for the
program, and October 27 is the
last start date within that time
frame. When Chinas Premier
Li Keqiang unexpectedly
announced the plan to connect
the two exchanges in an April
10 speech, regulators said the
link would begin in six months.
The lack of a definitive
commencement is raising
Minister: Thailand
facing stagflation
FINANCE Minister Sommai
Phasee said Thailand is at
risk of staflation a period of
inflation and low economic
growth due to low
consumption levels. He said:
The poor people dont have
money to spend while people
who have money to spend are
not confident about the
future. However, Sommai
does not see the situation as
dire just yet because the
governments fiscals are quite
strong and its soon-to-be
imposed stimulus measures
are expected to boost liquidity.
Source : National Bureau of Statistics
Q2 Q3
Q2 Q3
Quarterly growth
%, y-o-y
China GDP
AbbVie to pay $1.6B to
Shire as deal dies
AbbVie on Monday officially
pulled the plug on its proposed
$54 billion takeover of Irish
competitor Shire and said it
would pay the European
company a $1.6 billion
breakup fee. AbbVie said the
transaction became untenable
due to the unacceptable level
of risk following new US
Department of Treasury rules
intended to discourage deals
in which US companies merge
with foreign competitors to
shift their headquarters to
countries with a lower taxation
rate. AFP
IBM earnings drops
$18M; stock plummets
SHARES of IBM plummeted
on Monday after earnings
collapsed on a $4.7 billion
charge and weak sales.
Third-quarter earnings sank
from $4 billion a year ago
period to just $18 million,
mainly due to a charge for
the company offloading its
money-losing microchip
business to GlobalFoundries.
IBM will pay GlobalFoundries
$1.5 billion in cash to take
over its money-losing semi-
conductor manufacturing
operations. Although the
cash payments will be made
over three years, IBM took a
$4.7 billion pre-tax charge in
the third quarter. AFP
EW big-screen
iPhones helped
propel Apples prot
and revenue in the
last quarter, as the California
tech giant smashed earnings
The rm said on Monday that
prot rose 13 per cent to $8.5
billion, as revenues jumped to
$42.1 billion in the scal fourth
quarter ending September 27.
Apple said it sold more
than 39 million iPhones in
the quarter, boosted by last
months launch of the large-
screen iPhone 6 and 6 Plus,
which hit some markets on
September 19. That compared
with 33.8 million in the same
period a year ago.
The iPhone accounted for
more than $23 billion in reve-
nue, over half of Apples overall
earnings for the quarter.
Sales of iPads which may
have been lower ahead of the
October launch of new models
fell from a year earlier to 12.3
million, producing some $5.3
billion in revenues.
I view it as a speed bump,
not a huge issue, Apple chief
executive Tim Cook said of the
decline in iPad sales during a
conference call with analysts.
I know there is a popular
view the [tablet] market is sat-
urated, we dont see that.
As appetites for tablet have
diminished, Apples market
share has slipped to 25 per
cent, compared to 70 per cent
for the rival Android plat-
form, according to Strategy
People are holding onto
iPads longer than they do iP-
hones, and Apple is still re-
searching when consumers
typically upgrade to new tab-
lets, according to Cook.
He saw some promising de-
velopments for iPad sales, in-
cluding a recent alliance with
IBM to improve tablet capa-
bilities for businesses.
I am very bullish on where
we can take iPad over time,
Cook said.
Apple sold 5.5 million Mac
computers and 2.6 million
iPods in the quarter. Growing
Mac sales came as the person-
al computer market shrank.
On the Mac, it was just an
absolutely blow-away quar-
ter, Cook said. The back-to-
school season voted, and the
Mac won.
The nancial results were
the best ever for a September
quarter, and the scal year that
just ended was one for the re-
cord books, Cook said earlier
in a statement.
Apple, the worlds biggest
rm by market value, closed its
scal year with a prot of $39.5
billion on revenues of nearly
$183 billion.
Trip Chowdhry at Global
Equities Research said Apples
quarterly report handsomely
beats [expectations] on both
top line and bottom line.
Amit Daryanani at RBC Cap-
ital Markets said Apples guid-
ance for the key upcoming
holiday season was also ahead
of most predictions.
Apple forecast revenue be-
tween $63.5 billion and $66.5
billion and gross prot mar-
gins between 37.5 per cent and
38.5 per cent.
The big upside driver in
the quarter was iPhone units,
Daryanani said, adding that
Apples forecast leaves plenty
for upside surprises. AFP
Total boss dies in Moscow plane crash
THE CEO of French oil giant
Total, Christophe de Margerie,
died in a plane crash at a Mos-
cow airport on Monday when
the private jet he was in struck
a snowplough on takeoff.
Russian investigators said
yesterday the driver of the
snow-clearing machine was
drunk and that his actions,
along with an error by air traf-
fic controllers, appeared to be
to blame for the crash.
Total, Europes third largest
oil firm, confirmed the death
of its 63-year-old boss known
affectionately as the Big
Moustache because of his
distinctive facial hair and said
its board would call an emer-
gency meeting.
While admired by the indus-
try for expanding Totals activ-
ities around the world, he was
also often in controversy for
helming Total when it was
embroiled in judicial woes
including the UN oil-for-
food scandal.
In a statement confirming the
tragedy, Total said De Margerie
died just after 10pm [Paris
time] [2000 GMT] on October
20 in a private plane crash at
Vnukovo Airport in Moscow,
following a collision with a
snow removal machine.
Four people were found
dead at the scene of the acci-
dent, including three crew
members and Christophe de
The Vnukovo airport said in a
statement that the Falcon Das-
sault business aviation jet
crashed as it prepared to take
off for Paris. Experts from the
Interstate Aviation Committee,
which investigates all Russian
air accidents, and officials from
Russias federal aviation agency
have launched a probe into the
accident. The investigating
committee said that it has
been established that the driver
of the snowplough was in a
drunken state.
It added that a preliminary
theory was that an error by air
traffic controllers and the
actions of the snowplough
driver were to blame. AFP
TALKS aimed at ensuring Russian
natural gas deliveries to Ukraine
this winter were being held with
the European Union in Brussels
yesterday as ghting continues in
Ukraines war-torn east in deance
of a six week-old truce.
EU Energy Commissioner Guenther
Oettinger, Russian Energy Minister
Alexander Novak and his Ukrainian
counterpart Yuri Prodan are attend-
ing the talks that were supposed to
end at 2pm yet may take longer than
planned, ofcials said.
The standoff between the two for-
mer Soviet republics is coming to a
head four months after Russia halted
gas shipments over a pricing and debt
dispute as a separatist insurrection
raged in eastern Ukraine. The EU,
which depends on Russian fuel piped
across Ukraine for about 15 percent
of its needs, has been seeking to bro-
ker a deal to avoid a repeat of supply
cuts experienced in 2006 and 2009.
Energy has become a focus of
Ukraines economic woes. Russian
President Vladimir Putin said last
week that supplies to Europe would
be reduced if the Ukrainian govern-
ment siphoned off fuel for its own
use. Ukraine has said it wont take any
gas bound for Europe and that its a
reliable transit country.
Ukraine will have gas for the win-
ter after agreeing to pay $385 per
thousand cubic meters of fuel from
Russia until March 31, President
Petro Poroshenko said. The govern-
ment may use loans from the Inter-
national Monetary Fund or other -
nancial organizations to pay for the
purchases, he said.
Putin said last week that Europe
should help Ukraine pay upfront for
natural gas to guarantee steady win-
ter supply.
Ukraine and the European Com-
mission should nd about $1.6 bil-
lion by the end of the year for upfront
payments through a bridge loan or
a guarantee of rst class European
lenders, Russias Energy Ministry said
on its website after the talks in Milan
last week.
Ukraine also agreed to pay $3.1 bil-
lion of debt for past supplies by year-
end, which was another condition
for the resumption of deliveries, ac-
cording to OAO Gazprom CEO Alexey
The government in Moscow offered
Ukraine a more exible payment
schedule, cutting its demand for the
rst debt payment to $1.45 billion
from $2 billion, Novak said October
13. Ukraine also agreed to that pro-
posal, Miller said.
Gazprom has said its owed $5.3
billion for past supplies, an amount
Ukraine disputes. Putin said last week
that Russia has cut its estimate of the
debt to $4.5 billion, which includes a
discount if the countries resolve their
dispute. BLOOMBERG
Russia and Ukraine meet for crunch gas discussions
FRANCE and Germany, the
eurozones two biggest econo-
mies, promised on Monday to
do what was needed to boost
investment in the single cur-
rency area at a time when the
regions economy is agging.
We agreed to draw up a
joint paper by the time of the
next Franco-German eco-
nomic council, which will
contain the investment possi-
bilities in both countries and
our joint vision of Europe,
German Finance Minister
Wolfgang Schaeuble said.
He was speaking at a news
conference with his Economy
Minister Sigmar Gabriel and
their French counterparts,
Michel Sapin and Emmanuel
Macron, following a mini-
summit in Berlin.
The next Franco-German
council will be on December 1.
Mondays meeting came at
a crucial time for Paris, which
is at loggerheads with Brus-
sels over its 2015 budget as it
is likely to overshoot EU debt
targets once again.
France believes that Ger-
many could help the euro-
zones stalling economy by
loosening its purse strings
and increasing investment
to match the savings Paris
is seeking to make in public
At the news conference, Ma-
cron said 50 billion ($64 bil-
lion) was the gure Germany
could afford to invest without
jeopardising its budget.
Both Schaeuble and Gabriel
made it clear that while they
did not dispute the gure,
most of that investment should
come from private rather than
public funds. AFP
France, Germany set
to boost investment
Apples new iPhone 6 Plus (left) and iPhone 6 helped Apple beat quarterly
expectations as revenue for the period jumped to $42.1 billion. BLOOMBERG
Big iPhones bring big profits
pilots cont
LUFTHANSA pilots, on strike
since Monday, extended their
industrial action to include
long-haul flights yesterday,
grounding almost all inbound
and outbound services at Ger-
manys usually busy Frank-
furt airport.
In the ninth walkout by its
pilots since April of this year,
the German airline said that it
has cancelled 1,511 f lights
over the two days of the stop-
page, with some 166,000 pas-
sengers affected.
Nevertheless, the situation
in Frankfurt, Germanys bus-
iest airport, was relatively
calm because around 90,000
passengers had been informed
in advance via email or text
message, a Lufthansa spokes-
man said.
The strike started on Mon-
day at 1100 GMT, initially on
short and medium-haul serv-
ices, but was extended to
include long-haul flights at
0400 GMT yesterday.
The walkout was scheduled
to end at 2159 GMT yesterday
The pilots are striking over
plans by management to raise
the age at which pilots are able
to take early retirement. AFP
Source : Apple
Apple revenues
Dec Mar Jun Sept
2013 2014
By product
$ billions
4.6 Accessories
$ billions
Quarter ending
Ukraines Energy and Coal Industry
Minister Yuri Prodan arrives for talks. AFP
Sources: Total, Whos Who
Christophe de Margerie
Worlds fifh biggest oil company
Nearly 100,000 employees
Begins career with Total in 1974
President, Total Middle East
Region 1995 - 1999
Appointed CEO in 2007,
chairman in 2010
Joins management committee in 1992
Head of the Exploration-
Production division from 1999
Cleared in 2013 of corruption
over the UNs oil for food
programme in Iraq
Family background in dipomacy,
October 20, 2014: killed in a
plane accident in Moscow
10.7 billion euros in profits, 2013
Age: 63
3 children
Reputation as a brilliant negotiator
Personal links to Middle East leaders
International commodities
Thailand Vietnam
Singapore Malaysia
Hong Kong China
Japan Taiwan
Thai Set 50 Index, Oct 20
FTSE Straits Times Index, Oct 20 FTSE BursaMalaysiaKLCI, Oct 20
Hang Seng Index, Oct 20 CSI 300 Index, Oct 20
Nikkei 225, Oct 20 Taiwan Taiex Index, Oct 20
Ho Chi Minh Stock Index, Oct 20
2,433.39 23,088.58
1,796.22 3,202.74
600.55 1,015.24
South Korea Philippines
Laos Indonesia
India Pakistan
Australia New Zealand
KRX 100 Index, Oct 20 PSEI - Philippine Se Idx, Oct 20
Laos Composite Index, Oct 20 Jakarta Composite Index, Oct 20
BSE Sensex 30 Index, Oct 20 Karachi 100 Index, Oct 20
S&P/ASX 200 Index, Oct 20 NZX 50 Index, Oct 20
29,709.41 26,534.28
5,029.34 1,422.88
7,068.03 3,988.72
Item Unit Base Average (%)
Gasoline R 5250 5450 3.81 %
Diesel R 5100 5200 1.96 %
Petroleum R 5500 5500 0.00 %
Gas Chi 86000 76000 -11.63 %
Charcoal Baht 1200 1300 8.33 %
Construction equipment
Item Unit Base Average (%)
Rice 1 R/Kg 2800 2780 -0.71 %
Rice 2 R/Kg 2200 2280 3.64 %
Paddy R/Kg 1800 1840 2.22 %
Peanuts R/Kg 8000 8100 1.25 %
Maize 2 R/Kg 2000 2080 4.00 %
Cashew nut R/Kg 4000 4220 5.50 %
Pepper R/Kg 40000 24000 -40.00 %
Beef R/Kg 33000 33600 1.82 %
Pork R/Kg 17000 18200 7.06 %
Mud Fish R/Kg 12000 12400 3.33 %
Chicken R/Kg 18000 20800 15.56 %
Duck R/Kg 13000 13100 0.77 %
Item Unit Base Average (%)
Steel 12 R/Kg 3000 3100 3.33 %
Cement R/Sac 19000 19500 2.63 %
Food -Cereals -Vegetables - Fruits
Cambodian commodities
(Base rate taken on January 1, 2012)
Crude Oil (WTI) USD/bbl. 83.42 0.71 0.86% 4:51:22
Crude Oil (Brent) USD/bbl. 86.16 0.76 0.89% 5:15:43
NYMEX Natural Gas USD/MMBtu 3.68 0.01 0.27% 5:15:00
RBOBGasoline USd/gal. 221.85 1.83 0.83% 5:14:52
NYMEX Heating Oil USd/gal. 250.09 1.53 0.62% 5:10:02
ICEGasoil USD/MT 739 6 0.82% 5:15:14
CBOT Rough Rice USD/cwt 12.48 -0.03 -0.20% 2:20:33
CME Lumber USD/tbf 333.5 -1 -0.30% 20:25:58
In India, tweets move markets
Rajhkumar K Shaaw
EFORE Narendra Modi was
elected Indias prime minis-
ter ve months ago, Shishir
Bajpai barely used his Twit-
ter account. Now, he cant do without
it, as Modi attempts to reboot Asias
third-largest economy.
Every decision gets posted on
Twitter, said the Mumbai-based di-
rector at IIFL Wealth Management,
which has $10 billion under manage-
ment and advisory. Theres a lot of
transparency now.
While monitoring social media is
nothing new for investors, it has be-
come all but indispensable for fol-
lowers of Indias $1.5 trillion stock
market after Modi transformed the
way ofcial policy is announced by
the oil and nance ministries. The
government now uses the network
more than any other globally, accord-
ing to Twitter Incs own data.
Bajpai is among a growing number
of money managers using the mi-
croblog to understand how Modi is
steering the economy. The 64-year-
old politician and his ministers are
sending dozens of tweets a day, in-
cluding an August 13 announcement
of gasoline price cuts that preceded
the press release by 90 minutes and
led to a 1.8 per cent drop in Indian
Oil shares.
ICICI Prudential Asset Manage-
ment, Indias second-biggest money
manager, is using social media to get
a handle on the governments poli-
cies, said S Naren, the rms chief in-
vestment ofcer. Birla Sun Life Asset
Management, Indias fourth-biggest
money manager, plans to start look-
ing at Twitter more closely, co-chief
investment ofcer Mahesh Patil said.
Modi, who hasnt given a single in-
terview to local reporters since tak-
ing power in May, has more than 7
million followers on Twitter. His post
declaring victory on election day in
May was retweeted 70,575 times, a
record for India, Raheel Khursheed,
the head of news, politics and gov-
ernment at Twitter India, said in an
e-mailed response to questions.
Modis reliance on social media to
communicate is prompting com-
plaints by Indias press corps. The
Editors Guild of India, an association
of local journalists, asked the govern-
ment to enlarge access and engage
more actively with reporters, the
body said in a statement last month.
The country had more than 12,000
newspapers as of March 2013, ac-
cording to the Registrar of Newspa-
pers for India.
The government is using all avail-
able media platforms, AP Frank No-
ronha, director general of the Press
Information Bureau. I am a regular
user of Twitter and Facebook, Oil
Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said.
It gives people a sense of where I
am going and what I am doing. Its
a very effective tool to connect with
Modi is also using Twitter to woo for-
eign leaders as he seeks overseas in-
vestment to boost economic growth.
Before visiting Japan in August, the
prime minister tweeted in Japanese
about the friendship between the
two countries. His Japanese counter-
part, Shinzo Abe, who includes Modi
among the four people he follows, re-
plied in English. BLOOMBERG
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has single handedly changed the way the government announces policies. PHOTO SUPPLIED
China put to
death 2,400
people last
year: group
THE worlds top executioner,
China put 2,400 people to death
last year, a US-based rights
group said yesterday, shedding
rare light on a statistic Beijing
considers a state secret.
The figure was a fall of 20 per
cent from 2012, the Dui Hua
Foundation said, and a fraction
of the 12,000 in 2002.
China is so reticent on the
issue that it has done nothing
to publicise the long-term
decline in its use of the death
penalty. But it still executes
more people than every other
country put together, rights
groups say.
The total for the rest of the
world combined was 778 peo-
ple in 2013, according to
Amnesty Internationals annu-
al report earlier this year. It
does not give an estimate for
Chinese executions.
Dui Hua said that it obtained
its figures from a judicial offi-
cial with access to the number
of executions carried out each
year. But the recent annual
declines were likely to be off-
set this year, it said, due to fac-
tors including the strike hard
campaign in the violence-
wracked largely Muslim region
of Xinjiang.
Hundreds of people have
been convicted of terrorist
offences in the restive area, and
last week a court condemned
12 to death in connection with
a July attack.
China currently executes
more people every year than
the rest of the world combined,
but it has executed far fewer
since the power of final review
of death sentences was returned
to the [Supreme Peoples Court]
in 2007, Dui Hua said.
Chinas top court examines all
death sentences issued in the
country, and sent back 39 per
cent of those it reviewed last
year to lower courts for addi-
tional evidence, Dui Hua said,
citing a report by the Southern
Weekly newspaper.
The Chinese legal system is
tightly controlled by the ruling
Communist Party and courts
have a near 100 per cent convic-
tion rate in criminal cases.
The use of force to extract
confessions remains wide-
spread in the country, leading
to a number of miscarriages of
justice. AFP
Pistorius starts five-year jail term
Kiev rejects claims of cluster bomb use
Stephanie Findlay

OUTH African star athlete Os-
car Pistorius was sentenced to
ve years in prison yesterday
for killing his girlfriend, in the
climax to his sensational trial watched
around the world.
The Paralympian sprinter known
as the Blade Runner was led from
the dock down to the cells to start his
sentence for shooting model Reeva
Steenkamp on Valentines Day 2013.
Count one, culpable homicide: the
sentence imposed is ve years, Judge
Thokozile Masipa told Pistorius in the
Pretoria courtroom.
It was a stunning fall from grace for
the 27-year-old who made history by
becoming the rst double amputee
Paralympian to compete against able-
bodied athletes at the 2012 London
Olympics, inspiring millions.
But during his trial, the prosecution
painted a darker picture of the sports
star, presenting a dangerously volatile
young man with a penchant for guns,
beautiful women and fast cars.
Lawyers said however that Pistorius
will probably not serve the full term
for the offence of culpable homicide,
equivalent to manslaughter, and per-
haps as little as 10 months.
Pistorius, who had wept and vom-
ited at times during his trial, stood
stock-still as he was sentenced, veins
bulging in his forehead and his jaw
muscles clenched.
He was also sentenced to three
years, suspended for ve years, for ac-
cidentally ring a pistol under a table
at a restaurant in Johannesburg in
January 2013.
Pistorius had testied that he shot
Steenkamp, 29, four times through a
locked bathroom door at his upmar-
ket Pretoria home after he mistakenly
believed she was an intruder. Pros-
ecutors had argued that he murdered
her in a t of rage after an argument.
As the court adjourned, Pistorius
turned to look at the public gallery,
then briey took the hands of his fam-
ily members before being led by police
to the cells.
Amid a media frenzy, he was later
taken to a police van which was es-
corted to Pretorias Kgosi Mampuru
prison. He is already accommodated
at Kgosi Mmapuru, in Pretoria, said
correctional services spokesman
Manelisi Wolela.
Steenkamps family welcomed the
sentence, the dramatic end to a trial
televised globally that began in March
but was repeatedly adjourned.
Steenkamps ailing father Barry said
he was very glad the trial was over
and a lawyer for the family said the
sentence was welcome.
Oscar Pistoriuss uncle said the
sprinters family accepted the courts
judgment. Oscar will embrace this
opportunity to pay back to society,
Arnold Pistorius said.
The verdict and the sentence have
been hotly debated in South Africa,
with many expressing the opinion
that Pistorius quite literally got away
with murder.
The Steenkamps lawyer Dup de
Bruyn said that the sentence will likely
be served as two years in prison and
three years under house arrest.
A member of Pistoriuss legal team,
Roxanne Adams, said he would likely
serve a sixth of the ve-year term 10
months before being transferred to
house arrest.
Neither side indicated immediately
whether they would appeal against
either the September verdict or yester-
days sentence.
State prosecution spokesman Nathi
Mncube said they had been disap-
pointed with the conviction for cul-
pable homicide rather than murder.
But he added: We have not made up
our minds whether we are going to
appeal or not.
Adams said the defence had no
comment on whether it will appeal.
The International Paralympic Com-
mittee said Pistorius who won
sprint gold medals at three Games
would not be allowed to compete in
the next event in 2016 even if he was
released early.
Masipa said she wanted to nd a
balance between retribution, deter-
rence and rehabilitation, dismiss-
ing defence claims that the disabled
athlete would face particular suffer-
ing in prison.
It would be a sad day for this coun-
try if an impression were to be created
that there was one law for the poor
and disadvantaged and another for
the rich and famous, said Masipa.
She also weighed the ability of Pis-
torius to cope with incarceration
given his physical disability. Yes the
accused is vulnerable, but he also has
excellent coping skills, she said.
Discussing the gravity of Pistoriuss
crime, the judge said he had been
guilty of gross negligence.
Using a lethal weapon, a loaded
rearm, the accused red not one, but
four shots into the door, said Masipa.
The toilet was a small cubicle and
there was no room for escape for the
person behind the door, she said.
The prosecution had called for 10
years in jail for the athlete, while the
defence pleaded for house arrest
and community service. But Masipa
said that a community service order
would not be appropriate.
With the conviction and sentence,
Pistorius has lost his glittering sports
career, lucrative contracts and
above all his hero status, tarnished
forever. AFP
UKRAINES armed forces
yesterday rejected allegations
that they indiscriminately
used banned cluster bombs
in the six-month war against
pro-Russian insurgents in the
separatist east.
Human Rights Watch on
Monday published a de-
tailed investigation carried
out jointly with the New York
Times that identied 12 inci-
dents in which these weapons
killed six people including
a Swiss aid worker in and
around the rebel-held city of
Donetsk earlier this month.
The global rights group said
there appeared to be wide-
spread use of these weapons,
which are highly inaccurate
as they are sprayed across a
wide area.
The report supported claims
made throughout the conict
by Russia that Ukraines gov-
ernment had been violating
human rights and killing in-
nocent civilians through in-
discriminate use of force.
It is shocking to see a
weapon most countries have
banned used so extensively
in eastern Ukraine, said Hu-
man Rights Watch researcher
Mark Hiznay.
The report said one of the
cluster bomb attacks was re-
sponsible for killing a Swiss
International Committee of
the Red Cross worker in Do-
netsk on October 2.
The group urged Ukrainian
forces to immediately make
a commitment not to use
cluster munitions and for
the government to accede to
the treaty banning their use.
The 2008 Convention on
Cluster Munitions banning
their use has been signed by
113 parties but not Ukraine or
the United States.
Cluster munitions contain
dozens or even hundreds of
smaller explosives that are
carried by bombs or rockets.
Human Rights Watch said
these smaller explosives are
spread indiscriminately over
a wide area, often the size of a
football eld, putting anyone
in the area at the time of attack
at risk of death or injury.
Two top Ukrainian military
ofcials denied using such
weapons when contacted.
These charges are ground-
less, said a Ukrainian defence
ministry spokesman.
Ukraines eastern campaign
spokesman Vladyslav Selezny-
ov further dismissed what
the rights group described
as evidence showing that the
military shelled civilian neigh-
bourhoods in industrial cities
of Donetsk home to nearly a
million people before the war.
Human Rights Watch
knows that these are banned
weapons and we do not use
banned weapons, Seleznyov
said by telephone.
Neither do we shell civil-
ian neighbourhoods, because
this endangers lives. But our
opponents constantly at-
tack these neighbourhoods,
Seleznyov added. AFP
Former Paralympian athlete Oscar Pistorius, escorted by South African policemen,
enters a police van after being sentenced at the High Court in Pretoria yesterday. AFP
Paralysed man walks again
ian man can walk
again after receiving
revolutionary treat-
ment in Poland in a break-
through hailed by one of the
British scientists responsible
as more impressive than a
man walking on the Moon.
Darek Fidyka was paralysed
from the chest down following
a knife attack in 2010, but can
now walk using a frame after
nerve cells from his nose were
transplanted into his severed
spinal column, according
to research published in the
journal Cell Transplantation
When theres nothing, you
cant feel almost half of your
body. Youre helpless, lost, the
patient, who is now recovering
at the Akron Neuro-Rehabili-
tation Center in Wroclaw, told
the BBCs Panorama program.
When it begins to come
back, you feel youve started
your life all over again, as if
you are reborn, the 40-year-
old said. Its an incredible
feeling, difcult to describe.
Specialist olfactory en-
sheathing cells (OECs), which
form part of the sense of smell,
were used in the treatment as
they are pathway cells, en-
abling nearby nerve bres
to be continually regenerated.
Pawel Tabakow, consultant
neurosurgeon at Wroclaw Uni-
versity, led a team of surgeons
in removing one of the patients
olfactory bulbs before trans-
planting cultured cells into the
spinal cord in the treatments
two crucial operations.
The scientists involved think
that the cells, implanted above
and below the injury, enabled
damaged bres to reconnect,
although other researchers
have reacted more sceptically.
What weve done is establish
a principle, nerve bres can
grow back and restore func-
tion, provided we give them a
bridge, said Geoff Raisman,
chair of neural regeneration
at University College Londons
Institute of Neurology, who
led the British research team
working on the joint project.
This is more impressive than
a man walking on the Moon. I
believe this is the moment pa-
ralysis can be reversed.
Tabakow said it was amaz-
ing to see how regeneration
of the spinal cord, something
that was thought impossible
for many years, is becoming
a reality.
But other scientists were
more cautious, saying it was
important to await the results
of clinical testing with more
cases. We have to be very pru-
dent, said Alain Privat from
Frances health and medical
research institute Inserm.
Privat said it was not yet
clear whether it was really the
transplant itself that allowed
the spinal cord to function
again or whether this was a
byproduct of the operations.
For two years after sustain-
ing the injury, Fidyka showed
no sign of recovery despite in-
tensive ve-hour physiothera-
py sessions.
The rst signs of improve-
ment came three months after
the surgery, when his left thigh
began putting on muscle.
Three months later, Fidyka
was able to take his rst steps
with the aid of parallel bars and
leg braces. He can now walk
outside using a frame and has
also recovered some feeling in
his bladder and bowel.
I think its realistic that one
day I will become indepen-
dent, he said.
What I have learned is that
you must never give up but
keep ghting, because some
door will open in life.
The research was funded by
the UK Stem Cell Foundation
and the Nicholls Spinal Injury
Foundation (NSIF), set up by
chef David Nicholls after his
son Daniel was paralysed in a
2003 swimming accident.
NSIF has given 1 million
($1.6 million) to researchers
in London and 240,000 to the
team in Poland. Both camps
say they will not seek to prot
from the research.
It would be my proudest
boast if I could say that no pa-
tient had had to pay one penny
for any of the information we
have found, Raisman said.
NSIF said it would acquire
any patents and make them
freely available.
When Dan had his acci-
dent I made him a promise
that one day he would walk
again, Nicholls said. The re-
sults with Darek show we are
making signicant progress
towards that goal.
The UK Stem Cell Founda-
tion said the team was now
searching for the best source
of olfactory ensheathing cells
and developing prototype
nanobre biomaterials on
which transplanted OECs
could grow.
They hope to raise enough
money to hold clinical trials
on 10 patients in Britain and
Poland. AFP
Darek Fidyka walks with the aid of a walking frame at a rehabilitation
Centre in Wroclaw, Poland, in this undated photo from the BBC. AFP
HK ofcials, democracy
protesters hold rst talks
Continued from page 1
one of the biggest challenges
to Beijings authority since the
Tiananmen pro-democracy
protests of 1989.
I hope this dialogue can
calm the relatively tense
atmosphere in society, said
Chief Secretary Carrie Lam,
Leungs deputy, in opening
remarks yesterday as the talks
began at a medical college.
As part of promised consti-
tutional reforms China has
offered Hong Kongers the
chance to vote for the first
time for their next chief exec-
utive in 2017.
But only those vetted by a
1,200-strong committee loyal
to Beijing will be allowed to
stand for election a proposal
activists have labelled a fake
democracy. Under the current
system the committee directly
elects the leader.
The governments direction
of development . . . is not dem-
ocratic, equal, open and is not
an improvement, said Alex
Chow, secretary-general of the
Hong Kong Federation of Stu-
dents, one of the groups lead-
ing the protests.
Chow, wearing a black T-shirt
with the words Freedom now
and accompanied by four
other student l eaders,
demanded that the public
should have the right to nom-
inate candidates for the 2017
chief executive election.
The peoples demands for
the citys future constitutional
development are very simple
civil nominations. We dont
want pre-selected candidates,
Chow said.
But Lam said the city must
work within the framework
provided by Beijing: Hong
Kong is not an independent
country, it cannot decide its
political system on its own.
Leung, in an interview yester-
day afternoon, said he was
open to creating a more demo-
cratic committee to vet candi-
dates for his successor.
He said that, while Beijing
would not back down on vet-
ting his successor, the com-
mittee tasked with selecting
those candidates could
become more democratic.
The offer is still a long way
from meeting the core
demands of protesters. But
Leungs comments were the
first indication of a potential
negotiating point.
Lam also said the govern-
ment will consider whether to
prepare a report for mainland
Chinese authorities on events
in the city after Beijings deci-
sion at the end of August on
Hong Kongs political reforms.
Analysts have suggested such
a move to appease protesters.
Leung in the interview yes-
terday afternoon insisted his
administration remains in
charge of dealing with the
ongoing protests, after repeat-
ed speculation Beijing was
really calling the shots.
We dont have any instruc-
tions from Beijing, or sugges-
tions, as to when or who we
clear the streets, he said.
He also warned that police
could move on the barricades
at any time even with talks
going on because patience
among many locals was run-
ning out and some were taking
the law into their own hands.
Five representatives from
each side faced each other
across a large rectangular table
for the two hours of talks.
Protests have been largely
peaceful until recent days,
when police trying to reopen
some roads and armed with
pepper spray and batons
clashed with demonstrators.
There are fears of further
violence should the talks make
no progress. AFP
Car attacker
as radical
THE young man killed by police
on Monday after he ran over
two Canadian soldiers with his
car in a Quebec parking lot was
known to authorities as a sus-
pected radical, officials said.
One of the two soldiers is in
critical condition in the hospi-
tal in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu,
some 40 kilometres southeast
of Montreal, while the other
was not as seriously injured,
officials have said.
The incident occurred shortly
before noon, when a car drove
into the two soldiers in a super-
market car park before fleeing
with police in pursuit. A few
kilometres away, the driver lost
control and flipped the car into
a ditch on the side of the road.
A witness said the driver was
holding a knife and headed
towards police after he extri-
cated himself from his vehicle.
Police shot multiple times at
the suspect, a 25-year-old man,
who later died.
Quebec police could not con-
firm whether the man was
armed, and said only that shots
had been fired.
They said the terrorist thesis
[was] being considered by
investigators, but did not pro-
vide further details. AFP
Protesters watch talks between authorities and pro-democracy
leaders on a giant screen in the Admiralty district yesterday. AFP
Missing Australia teen
resurfaces in IS video
A TEENAGER who ran away
from Australia to join militants
in Iraq and Syria has
reappeared months later in a
video of the Islamic State group,
vowing to not stop fighting,
reports said yesterday. The
17-year-old, named as
Abdullah Elmir but who calls
himself Abu Khaled, carried a
rifle and directly addressed
Australian Prime Minister Tony
Abbott, the Sydney Morning
Herald said. To Tony Abbott, I
say this: these weapons that we
have, these soldiers, we will not
stop fighting, said Elmir. AFP
Thai junta-picked council

starts work on reforms
A COUNCIL selected by
Thailands ruling junta yesterday
started work on reforms to
close the nations festering
political divide, a task critics
dismiss as aimed at diluting the
influence of former premier
Thaksin Shinawatra. Prime
Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha,
who led a military coup in May,
has said reforms to rid the
kingdom of corruption are
necessary before new elections
can take place. The first meeting
of the 250-strong National
Reform Council (NRC), tasked
with recommending initiatives
including a new constitution,
began with members taking an
oath in parliament. AFP
Ex-Aus PM Whitlam dies at 98
ORMER Austra-
lian prime minister
Gough Whitlam, a
towering gure who
led the nation through a pe-
riod of massive change and
remains the countrys only
leader to be sacked, died yes-
terday aged 98.
A loving and generous
father, he was a source of
inspiration to us and our
families and for millions of
Australians, his children
Antony, Nicholas, Stephen
and Catherine said in an-
nouncing his death.
Conservative Prime Min-
ister Tony Abbott called the
Labor stalwart a giant of
his time, and instructed
ags around the country to
be own at half mast while
suspending normal parlia-
ment for the day as a mark
of respect.
Whitlam represented more
than a new politics. He repre-
sented a new way of thinking,
about government, about our
region, about our place in the
world and about change it-
self, Abbott said.
Despite being in power for
only three turbulent years,
Whitlam launched sweeping
reforms of the nations eco-
nomic and cultural affairs.
He stopped conscription,
introduced free university
education, recognised com-
munist China, pulled troops
from Vietnam, abolished
the death penalty for federal
crimes and reduced the vot-
ing age to 18.
Under his leadership, the
last traces of the White Austra-
lia policy designed to exclude
non-white migrants were also
removed, and he became the
rst Australian leader to visit
China, now the nations big-
gest trading partner.
But the amboyant and
driven Whitlam was also di-
visive while in ofce, with an
autocratic reputation, falling
out with minister after min-
ister and earning enemies
along the way.
Ultimately, he became
Australias only prime min-
ister to be sacked, a touch-
stone moment in the nations
political history.
He led Labor to its rst vic-
tory in 23 years at the De-
cember 1972 election on the
back of the famous Its Time
campaign, before being sen-
sationally red in 1975 by
governor-general Sir John Kerr,
the Queens representative.
His dismissal was prompted
by a refusal by parliaments
upper house, where his Labor
Party did not hold a majority,
to pass a budget bill until the
government agreed to call a
general election.
To end the impasse, Kerr
took the unprecedented step
of sacking Whitlam and in-
stalling then opposition lead-
er Malcolm Fraser as caretaker
prime minister.
I dont think Gough . . . I
never felt he bore me personal
animosity. He regarded that as
politics, Fraser said yesterday
of that tumultuous time.
He wasnt the sort of per-
son who bore grudges. He
didnt carry a bitterness into
the future. He was a much
larger man than that, a more
generous man than that.
Abbott paid tribute to Whit-
lams lifetime of service to his
country, in the air force dur-
ing World War II and as a poli-
tician and ambassador.
In his own party, he in-
spired a legion of young peo-
ple to get involved in public
life, Abbott said.
He established diplomatic
relations with China and was
the rst Australian Prime
Minister to visit China. China
is our largest trading partner.
That is an enduring legacy.
Former prime minister
John Howard hailed Whit-
lams belief that an activist
and interventionist national
government was always the
appropriate response to Aus-
tralias challenges.
Gough Whitlam brought to
public life high intelligence, a
commanding presence and
a strong belief that govern-
ment intervention could solve
most of societys problems,
he said.
Another former prime min-
ister, Julia Gillard, described
him as a great leader.
Mr Whitlam lived on in Aus-
tralias universities, its health
system, its suburbs, its fam-
ily law, its relationship with
China and its multicultural
society, she said, while fellow
Labor titan Paul Keating cred-
ited him with giving Australia
new vitality and focus.
Current Labor leader Bill
Shorten said the country had
lost a true legend, regardless
of politics.
His vision, his ambition, of-
fered Australia a new sense of
what it might be. Our country
is different because of him,
he said. AFP
Gough Whitlam receives Italys highest honour, the Grande Ufciale
dellOrdine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana on August 11, 1999. AFP

Islamic authorities probe
dog patting event in KL
ISLAMIC authorities in Malaysia
are conducting a probe into a
controversial dog patting event
aimed at removing the stigma
regarding mens best friend in
the multi-ethnic Muslim-
majority country. The event,
called I want to touch a dog
and held in a park on the
outskirts of the capital Kuala
Lumpur on Sunday, encouraged
patting dogs seen as unclean
in Islam and reportedly drew
hundreds of Muslims, raising
the ire of religious leaders.
Islamic authorities said they
would investigate the event,
while a Muslim leader, Nooh
Gadut, said the event was an
attempt to insult clerics. Dont
try to create a culture that is
opposite to Islam, he was
quoted as saying. The Muslim
organiser, Syed Azmi Alhabshi,
30, had said his intention was to
help people overcome their fear
of dogs and promote com-
passion towards animals. AFP
FB ordered to disclose

revenge porn addresses
A TOKYO court has ordered
Facebook to disclose the IP
addresses used by fake
accounts that were posting
revenge porn, a lawyer said
yesterday, in the first such case
in Japan. In response to the
order the US-based social
networking site revealed IP
addresses a string of numbers
identifying the computer being
used connected to two
accounts that were uploading
personal information and
private pictures, lawyer Yohei
Shimizu said. He said it was the
first such case in Japan
involving the worlds largest
social network, but added that
Tokyo District Court had issued
a similar order in a separate
case involving defamation in
August. AFP
Life imitates Coupling
Man held for
porn dump
in Japan
PENSIONER who dumped
almost a quarter of a
tonne of pornography in
a Japanese park is unlikely to be
charged, police said yesterday,
because the stash belonged to an
ill friend.
Hideaki Adachi was spotted
unloading 17 sacks of lms and
magazines, which included around
500 VHS video tapes, from the
back of a truck at a small park in
Osaka, western Japan.
Adachi, 70, was arrested on
suspicion of illegally dumping the
200 kilograms of porn, but was
released the next day after telling
police he had found the trove in
a storehouse belonging to a bed-
ridden friend, police said.
He wanted to get rid of them
out of goodwill for his friend, a
spokesman said.
Asked if the pensioner had left
the library in the park with the
intention of giving the material
away, the spokesman said ofcers
thought not because the videos
were not laid out to be seen.
Adachi, who worked as a volun-
teer in the park helping home-
less people, had hoped that the
huge collection of adult material
would be picked up and taken to a
proper disposal site. AFP
Shaun Walker
ALENTINA sifts a
aky mixture from
a purple sachet into
the end of a small
pipe, holds a lighter to it, and
inhales. Her voice becomes
tense and high-pitched for
a moment, then she relaxes.
A faint, almost Christmassy
odour of lightly stewed fruits
wafts through the room.
This is a hit of spice, the
name given to various syn-
thetic smoking mixtures mak-
ing headlines in Russia. On the
market for ve years, spice has
the potential to be deadly.
According to Russian au-
thorities, in recent weeks the
spice epidemic has taken 25
lives and led to 700 people
seeking medical attention.
Hardly a day goes by without
a fresh horror story of adoles-
cents dying from the drug.
Earlier this month a refugee
from Lugansk in east Ukraine
died after smoking with her
friends in a town in southern
Russia. Four others were taken
to hospital.
Valentina has smoked for
nearly two years. Now in her
mid-30s, she was a heroin
addict for a year after leaving
university, but kicked the habit
and was clean for more than a
decade. She and her husband
would occasionally smoke
marijuana, and one day two
years ago a friend brought a
packet of spice to their house
and suggested they try it.
We thought it was just like
hash not that addictive, she
recalls. She was wrong. Now,
she and her husband buy their
supply from a dealer each
morning after dropping their
children at school.
Much of the product is be-
lieved to be imported from
China, though many say that
labs in Russia are also churn-
ing out the mixtures. Along
with older users such as Val-
entina, thousands of teenage
Russians are using it.
Yevgeny Roizman, an anti-
drug campaigner known for
his rehabilitation centres for
heroin addicts, warned this
year of the consequences of the
spice epidemic. These drugs,
unlike heroin, are much more
widely used, can be distrib-
uted more quickly and easily,
are harder to detect, and kids
are starting to use them much
younger, he said.
The consequences are
quick addiction, fast decline
and, as far as I can see, irre-
versible consequences that
cant be cured. Heroin in Rus-
sia is yesterdays problem.
Spice is a cannabis substi-
tute made from various herbs
with the addition of lab-syn-
thesised chemicals.
Authorities say the problem
is that each time a mixture
is analysed and banned by
authorities, the formula is al-
tered and the newly legal mix
can be sold again. Parliament
is considering a bill to ban all
synthetic smoking mixtures.
The current system of
ghting spice simply doesnt
work, said Sultan Khamzayev,
a member of Russias public
chamber and an anti-drug
Chemists need just three
hours to change the formula,
but all the necessary bureau-
cratic work to identify and
ban a particular drug takes
ve months. That means for
the whole period, people can
simply sell any old poison.
An MP from the far-right
Liberal Democratic party
wrote recently that the death
penalty should be introduced
for spice dealers.
The formula of the drug var-
ies from batch to batch, and
the way different versions in-
teract with different people is
always slightly different, but
the main bonus for users is
that any fear and inhibition
disappears. But withdrawal
kicks in within a couple of
hours and is often punishing.
You lose all your coordi-
nation, says one Muscovite
spice addict. You cant think
properly, and you cant walk.
Its like being catastrophi-
cally drunk, but there is also
a panic and terror. You begin
to sweat, have crashing pal-
pitations and feel sick. Often,
youll simply begin projectile
vomiting, with no warning. If I
stop smoking now, within two
hours I will be vomiting. Its no
better than heroin withdrawal,
perhaps its even worse.
Most dangerous is the with-
drawal period for early-stage
addicts, when the physical
symptoms are mild but in-
tense depression sets in. Val-
entina remembers days of
total panic, and not realising
until later that she was experi-
encing withdrawal symptoms.
One day I stood up and
I understood with absolute
clarity that the only way for me
to escape from the awful life I
was in was to murder both
of my children, and then kill
myself, she says. I was crys-
tal clear that this was the only
course of action open to me.
Luckily, my husband stopped
me, and calmed me down. But
what about people who dont
have that support?
A typical week sees several
news stories in Russian local
press detailing horrendous
deaths and suicides attributed
to spice: children jumping
from windows, heart attacks,
even self-immolation.
Valentina is convinced that
the deaths that are reported
are just the tip of the iceberg.
Spice does not show up on
ordinary toxicology tests and
she thinks it could be a hidden
trigger in violent crimes where
there are no signs of mental
illness or other drug use.
Spice is the latest horror drug
to hit Russia. Several years ago
krokodil, a synthetic heroin
substitute made from boiling
codeine tablets with other in-
gredients, became popular.
Devastatingly addictive, it
would literally rot the esh
of users, leading to appalling
wounds and a quick death.
When the sale of codeine was
banned two years ago, spice
began to pick up in popularity.
They ban one nightmare
drug and another pops up,
says Anya Sarang, a Russian
activist who works on rights
for drugs users.
Its a natural consequence
of the reghting approach
we have to drug use. Of course
we need to ban spice, but if
marijuana was legal, nobody
would turn to these awful mix-
es. But of course, thats a fairly
unrealistic policy in the Rus-
sian climate. THE GUARDIAN
Spice: drug
gaining grip
on Russia
Spice is the latest horror drug to hit Russia. According to Russian authorities, in recent weeks the
epidemic has taken 25 lives and led to 700 people seeking medical attention. PHOTO SUPPLIED
First sex done sideways, square dance style
THE rst act of copulation has been
traced back to ancient animals that
were endowed with such cumber-
some sexual organs they had to mate
side by side.
Fossilised features of antiarch sh
suggest that early intercourse was not
the smoothest of affairs, with males
faced with the task of steering their
bony L-shaped organs between twin
genital plates that adorned the females
like tiny cheese graters.
The males organ was nearly as long
as his body and xed rigid, leading pa-
leontologists to nally work out that
the creatures small, jointed arm-like
appendages were probably of help in
achieving the correct position.
Fundamentally, they could not
have done it in the missionary posi-
tion, said John Long, professor of
palaeontology at Flinders University
in Adelaide. The very rst act of cop-
ulation was done sideways, square-
dance style.
Antiarchs are primitive forms of
jawed sh called placoderms that lived
in lakes more than 380 million years
ago. They are known from fossils, only
a few centimetres long, dug up in Chi-
na, Estonia and Orkney in Scotland.
Like so many in science, the latest
discovery came about by chance. Last
year, Long was working in a palaeon-
tologists laboratory in Tallinn, Estonia,
when he was handed a box of placod-
erm bones.
Among them he found a plate with
a strange, grooved bone attached. He
had studied placoderms all his life but
was at a loss to explain what it was.
Later that day, the penny dropped: It
was a clasper, a sex organ, and it was
the oldest and the most primitive one
yet found on the planet, he said.
The chance nding prompted a
search for other samples that led them
to private collections of fossils in the
UK and Holland. From those they
gathered more evidence of male anti-
archs with their claspers still attached.
The grooves in the organs are used to
transfer sperm from male to female.
Further examination of the antiarchs
revealed the rst evidence of discrete
female sexual organs, in the form of
small genital plates in exactly the right
position to facilitate sex.
The detailed studies led Long and his
colleagues to solve another mystery
that has puzzled specialists for more
than a century. Weve wondered, for
over 100 years, what these tiny little
jointed arms were used for in these
very peculiar sh. Now we know that if
your sexual organs are rigid and xed
to your whole body, then little arms are
very useful for helping to link the male
and female together, Long said.
The male can get his large L-shaped
sexual organ into the right position to
dock with the female genital plates,
which are like cheese graters very
rough so they act like Velcro, locking
the male organ into position to trans-
fer sperm.
The discovery of such ancient copu-
lation means that sex with internal fer-
tilisation evolved early on in the his-
tory of vertebrates but was then lost,
with sh reverting back to spawning
in water, and then evolved again in a
different way.
Modern sharks and rays have clasp-
ers that they use to deposit sperm into
females, but instead of being attached
to their whole bodies as in antiarchs,
the organs grow along the inner part of
their pelvic ns.
Weve dened the point in evolu-
tion when the origin of internal fertili-
sation in all animals began and thats
a really big step, said Long. In terms
of evolution, this is the very earliest
act of copulation that we know of.
Zerina Johanson, a co-author on the
paper and researcher at the Natural
History Museum in London, said: Pre-
viously we showed that many placod-
erms had internal fertilisation males
transferring sperm into females, where
eggs or embryos developed but we
lacked information from the Antiarchi,
currently accepted as the most primi-
tive group of placoderms.
Now we know that internal fer-
tilisation is the general condition for
placoderms, and is the most primitive
type of reproduction for vertebrates,
she added. THE GUARDIAN
You lose all your coordination.
Its like being catastrophically
drunk, but there is also a
panic and terror
An artists impression of antiarch sh
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N FEBRUARY of 1960, the Ameri-
can magazine Look ran a cover
story that asked, Should a Girl
Be First in Space? It was a sen-
sational headline representing an
audacious idea. And as we all know,
the proposal fell short. In 1961, NASA
sent Alan Shepard above the strato-
sphere and only in 1983 did Sally Ride
become Americas first female astro-
naut to launch.
But why would anyone think a
woman would be the first to space,
anyway? Medical studies, for one
thing. Some studies in the 1950s and
60s suggested female bodies had
stronger hearts and could better
withstand vibrations and radiation
exposure. Moreover, psychological
studies suggested that women coped
better than men in isolation.
But there was another, more com-
pelling reason that women might
outshine men as potential astro-
nauts: basic economics. Thanks to
their size, women are, on average,
cheaper to launch. As a NASA guinea
pig, I had the chance to verify this.
Last year I took part in a NASA-
funded project called HI-SEAS
(Hawaii Space Exploration Analog
and Simulation). It required that I
and five other crew members live as
astronauts on the surface of Mars. We
didnt leave Earth, obviously, but for
four months we were cooped up in a
geodesic dome on the side of the
Mars-like Mauna Loa volcano. Our
food, water, power, and communica-
tions were limited, and we were only
allowed to exit the habitat if we wore
mock spacesuits.
This was the first HI-SEAS mission
a third starts this month and it
was designed to study the types of
food Mars explorers might eat. I was
the crew writer, blogging for Discover
and the Economist, and conducted a
sleep study, too.
I collected and managed the crews
sleep data over the course of the
experiment. One device we used to
track sleep was the sensor armband,
which also provides estimates of dai-
ly and weekly caloric expenditure.
While I didnt know which data
belonged to which subject due to
anonymity requirements, I could see
each subjects sex. Over time I
noticed a trend.
Week in and week out, the three
female crew members expended less
than half the calories of the three
male crew members. Less than half!
We were all exercising roughly the
same amount at least 45 minutes a
day for five consecutive days a week
but our metabolic furnaces were cali-
brated in radically different ways.
The data did fit with my other
observations. At mealtime, the wom-
en took smaller portions, while men
often went back for seconds.
The calorie requirements of an
astronaut matter significantly when
planning a mission. The more food a
person needs to maintain her weight
on a long space journey, the more food
should launch with her. The more
food launched, the heavier the pay-
load. The heavier the payload, the
more fuel required to blast it into orbit
and beyond. Every pound counts on
the way to space. NASA was keenly
aware of this, and thats why in the
early 1960s it considered a female
astronaut corps. Of course, politics
and culture have a pesky way of
sneaking into engineering decisions.
According to Robert Zubrin, aero-
space engineer, author and president
of the Mars Society, a round-trip mis-
sion to Mars could cost as little as $30
billion. While this is a low-ball esti-
mate that ignores many of the details,
it suggests that a manned Mars mis-
sion might not cost $450 billion, an
amount proposed by NASA in 1989.
Many of todays estimates tend to be
around $100 billion.
To put these price tags in perspec-
tive, the Curiosity rover cost $2.5 bil-
lion. And while Curiosity is an
impressive feat of engineering that is
collecting and analysing more of
Mars than any robot before, its capa-
bilities as an explorer pale in com-
parison to that of a human crew. In
mere hours, a trained geologist could
spot a rock that fills in gaps of solar
system formation theory. Such a sig-
nificant discovery could take a rover
weeks, months, or years, if ever.
In the early 2000s, Alan Drysdale, a
systems analyst in advanced life sup-
port, was thinking about the problem
of bodies. He turned to a NASA docu-
ment on physiological metrics that
details needs and effluents for a
range of body types. The STD-3000
gave the stats for women whose size
was in the fifth percentile to men
sized in the 95th percentile, a range
from about 4-foot-11 and 90 pounds
to 6-foot-3 and 215 pounds. He
crunched the numbers.
Drysdale found that a fifth-percen-
tile woman would use less than half
the resources of a 95th-percentile
man. While we didnt have a woman
on the HI-SEAS crew who was in the
fifth percentile, our stats were similar
to the predictions.
Drysdale, who no longer works with
NASA, is emphatic that the space
agency wastes money and doesnt
consider cost-saving approaches like a
Mars crew of smaller astronauts. He
says his calculations suggest all things
being equal, such a crew would
launch for half the payload cost.
Small women havent been demon-
strated to be appreciably dumber than
big women or big men, so theres no
reason to choose larger people for a
flight crew when its brain power you
want, says Drysdale. The logical
thing to do is to fly small women.
Harry Jones, of NASA Ames
Research Center, says that he too
noticed the average female and male
calorie requirement differed signifi-
cantly and published on the topic in
the early 2000s. For a Mars mission,
life support will be a major cost, he
says. It is expected that oxygen and
water can be recycled, but not food.
Reducing the crews calorie require-
ment would cut cost.
Indeed, a number of people I talked
to acknowledged the benefits of an
all-female crew, or even just a crew
made of smaller people in general.
One proponent is Andrew Rader, a
mission integrator at SpaceX. Any-
thing to reduce weight and even in
terms of making the spacecraft seem
bigger, having smaller astronauts
would be great, he says. I think its a
reasonable proposal.
As reasonable as an all-female Mars
mission is from an economic per-
spective, some might find the idea
offensive. After all, itd be an expedi-
tion that fails to represent half the
worlds population; an all-female
Mars crew would strike many as
exceptionally biased.
Then again, space-mission design
has always been biased in one way or
another. Exploration in general is
nothing if not political, dictated by the
people with the money and power to
choose the face of the expedition.
And at this stage of predesign
research for Mars, many who work
with NASA believe selecting the right
people for a mission is more nuanced
than calculating size and resource
requirements. Its not really politi-
cally correct to mention that size,
body type, gender, intelligence, agili-
ty, emotional structure, education,
and other individual differences
might all affect the cost-benefit equa-
tion in astronaut selection, says
Jones. Really, the issues are all about
crew performance including group
dynamics, individual psychology,
etc. SLATE
An all-women Mars mission?
Kate Greene is a writer in San Francisco
and author of Reality Mining.
Kate Greene
Lifestyle Lifestyle Lifestyle Lifestyle
THE past four decades have not been
very good ones for the worlds animals.
Since 1970, the populations of verte-
brate species have declined by more
than 50 per cent. For kids, that means
there are half as many mammals,
amphibians, reptiles, birds and fish
around today as there were around the
time their parents were born.
This news comes from the World
Wildlife Funds Living Planet Report,
which surveyed the health of more
than 10,000 animal populations to
understand the challenges facing liv-
ing things on Earth today. Most of
these challenges, the report says, are
caused by people.
The demands that were making on
Earth are unsustainable, said Keya
Chatterjee, of the WWF.
This is bad news for animal species
because its hard for them to adapt to
changes in their environment.
She pointed to the story of 35,000
walruses that gathered on a beach in
Alaska this autumn. Normally, the
walruses would be resting on sea ice
scattered throughout the Arctic. But
global warming has caused most of
that ice to melt, so the walruses must
cram themselves onto the beach,
where they are at risk of dying from
disease or stampedes.
Freshwater creatures have suffered
the most. Those populations are espe-
cially vulnerable to changes in their
habitats and have declined 76 per cent
during the time period of the report.
But the news from the WWF isnt all
gloomy. The report also includes con-
servation success stories and ways to
protect species and their habitats.
Kids can get involved in the conser-
vation effort as well. According to
Chatterjee, most of humans ecologi-
cal footprint comes from burning fos-
sil fuels. Anything that you can do to
use less energy makes a small
Kids are a really important part of
this change, Chatterjee said. Theyre
the ones that are most affected by this
because theyre the ones who are going
to be living with this planet.
Citizen scientist programs are
another way for people to contribute
to conservation efforts. Through the
Smithsonians eMammal project,
families can set up cameras in their
backyards to help researchers keep
track of endangered animals in our
region. Another program, FrogWatch-
USA, teaches kids how to recognise
and report the calls of local frogs and
toads so that scientists can better
protect them.
These kinds of programs really
work, said Don Moore, a senior scien-
tist at the National Zoo. Just look at
the bald eagle: The famous bird
almost went extinct in the middle of
the 20th century, but a combination
of government protection, monitor-
ing from citizen scientists and pro-
grams to protect their habitat brought
the bald eagles back. Now they are no
longer considered endangered, and
Moore often sees them in his own
The bald eagle is a symbol of opti-
mism, Moore said. It shows what we
can do if we make individual choices to
EGENDARY fashion
designer Oscar de la
Renta, whose beauti-
ful clothes dened
American elegance for genera-
tions and were beloved by rst
ladies and Hollywood stars,
died on Monday. He was 82.
His company website bore
only his trademark signature
in white against a navy blue
US media reported his
death at his home in Kent,
Connecticut, quoting family
members. He was diagnosed
with cancer in 2006.
Earlier this month, his lux-
ury brand announced that
British-born designer Peter
Copping would take over as
creative director although
that he would work closely
with De la Renta on designing
the next collection.
Schooled in the mastery of
European couture, De la Renta
worked until the end of his
life, most recently designing
the wedding dress for human
rights lawyer Amal Alamud-
din, who wed Hollywood actor
George Clooney last month.
One of the worlds most
eminent designers, his frocks
were worn by American rst
ladies from Jacqueline Ken-
nedy and Nancy Reagan to
Hillary Clinton and Laura
Bush, as well as lm stars
such as Sarah Jessica Parker.
Tributes quickly poured in
from friends, celebrities and
younger designers who mourn-
ed the loss of one of Americas
most eminent designers.
Former rst lady Bush said
she and her husband, George
W Bush, were deeply sad-
dened by his death, saying
he had designed the favourite
clothes of her and her twin
We will miss Oscars gen-
erous and warm personal-
ity, his charm, and his won-
derful talents, she said in a
statement. We will always
remember him as the man
who made women look and
feel beautiful.
US singer Gloria Estefan said
De la Renta had been a big
part of 3 of my lifes biggest mo-
ments. Much love and peace 2
his family and all who loved
him! she wrote on Twitter.
Saddened to hear the news
about Oscar de la Renta. Thank
you for bringing so much beau-
ty into the world #RIP, wrote
designer Rebecca Minkoff.
Truly saddened by the loss
of one of the greatest fashion
icons of all time, wrote de-
signer and businesswoman
Ivanka Trump.
Born on July 22, 1932, in the
Dominican Republic, De la
Renta left home to study in Ma-
drid and work as an apprentice
to Cristobal Balenciaga.
In 1960 he moved to France
to become an assistant at Lan-
vin in Paris, where he embed-
ded himself in the world of
haute couture, before moving
to the United States to work for
Elizabeth Arden.
He created his eponymous
label in 1965 and over the de-
cades became one of the most
lauded designers in New York.
He created clothes of timeless
elegance, regal glamour and
sophistication beloved by gen-
erations of women.
He was twice president of the
Council of Fashion Designers
of America and honoured with
a string of awards.
In a career that spanned
ve decades, De la Renta
saw his company grow into a
multi-million-dollar empire
that included ready to wear,
fragrances, a home line and
a bridal collection, which he
launched in 2006.
He married twice, rst in
1967 to Francoise de Lan-
glade, an editor at French
Vogue and then in 1989, six
years after her death, he mar-
ried American publisher An-
nette Reed.
Popular and charming, De la
Renta built close rapports with
fellow designers such as Karl
Lagerfeld and John Galliano,
whom he invited to spend
time in his workshop after his
career collapsed over an anti-
Semitic rant.
Everyone in life deserves
a second chance, said De la
Renta at the time. I think that
life is about forgiving and help-
ing people.
He entertained generous-
ly with his wives, keeping a
Rolodex of famous friends,
including the Clintons, Henry
Kissinger and the late writer
Truman Capote.
In an interview with New York
Magazine published last year,
De la Renta looked back on his
long career and the changes in
the fashion world.
Its unbelievably extraordi-
nary to remember that when I
came to New York, it was a time
when women couldnt wear a
pair of pants to a restaurant.
What women have achieved
in the last 50 years, I wish men
would have achieved in the
last 100. Im sorry to say it, but
were really stupid. AFP
US fashion designer Oscar
de la Renta dies at age 82
How kids and families can help save our wildlife
Families can help the Smithsonians eMammal project keep track of wildlife such as deer
Oscar de la Renta (centre) acknowledges applause during the Cali
Exposhow fashion show in Cali, Colombia, in October 2009. AFP
BEFORE she was confronted by
a TV news crew, and before she
was found dead in a hotel room
near her home, 63-year-old Brit
Brenda Leyland allegedly de-
voted much of her ample free
time to tweeting abuse at the
parents of a toddler who went
missing seven years ago.
Those parents, Kate and
Gerry McCann, were long ago
absolved of any guilt in their
daughter Madeleines case,
which dominated European
headlines for months. But that
didnt convince people like Ley-
land, who sent more than 4,000
tweets to the McCanns between
December 2010 and this year.
I fear, that we are in this 4 long
haul, she tweeted in September.
Up to all of us to a) Bang home
the facts b) Make #McCanns live
in shame for years.
That type of sustained vitriol
might seem sort of deranged.
But as crazy as Leylands be-
haviour might seem, its not un-
common: There are thousands
of Barbara Leylands. Theres
an entire population who ex-
ist, it would seem, solely to fo-
ment outrage and speculation
around tabloid cases that have
long since gone cold.
More than 600 people belong
to the Facebook page Casey
Anthony Boycott Information,
dedicated to sharing hysterical,
minute updates on the lives of
anyone even tangentially in-
volved in the case, including
Anthonys parents, attorney
and village idiot jurors.
A page on Lisa Irwin a 10-
month-old who disappeared
from Missouri three years ago
still updates daily, even though
there are no developments.
(Page administrators are con-
vinced Lisas mom, never even
charged, is the culprit.)
Meanwhile, defenders of
Amanda Knox have for seven
years waged a pitched battle for
control over the Wikipedia page
on her case. And those defend-
ers claim to be battling an army
of anti-Knox trolls, who have
manipulated Wikipedia.
The Wiki War illustrates
how social media is being in-
uenced, the administrator
on a pro-Knox Facebook page
wrote just three weeks ago. So
we want to extend our thanks
to the efforts of the supporters
who are behind this website.
To outsiders, perhaps the
Knox crusaders and Leylands
of the web look like hopeless
trolls; to the trolls themselves,
though, theyre ghting for a
just cause.
In many ways, the line be-
tween the people we call
trolls and the people we
cheer for bringing crimes to
our attention is a very thin
one. In both cases, activists feel
theyre acting to correct a cru-
cial imbalance of power and
This is what makes Leylands
case so tragic: She was undone
by the same forces she sought
to harness. Leyland, for years
an armchair Twitter investiga-
tor, soon found herself investi-
gated by supporters of the Mc-
Canns, who thought her tweets
constituted harassment. They,
in their role as power-balanc-
ing vigilantes, compiled a dos-
sier on her.
That dossier made its way
to a Sky News reporter, who
confronted Leyland outside
her home. Days later, Leyland
was dead in a hotel room; au-
thorities ruled her death not
Perhaps this should be a les-
son to all the other cold-case
trolls out there: When any-
one can take justice into their
hands, everyone becomes vul-
nerable. However that doesnt
mean anybody will stand down.
In Leylands fateful words to Sky
News, Im entitled to do that.
A view from inside
the trollosphere
The World Worldlife Funds Living
Planet Report says that giant pandas
Khouth Sophak Chakrya
A BAD batch of noodles is believed to
be behind the food poisoning of
almost 300 people, many of whom had
attended an engagement ceremony in
Kampong Thom provinces Santuk
district on Monday night, police said
Seung Phea, Prasat commune police
chief, said that some of the guests were
vomiting up blood in the hours after
the ceremony. Those affected included
the brides mother.
About five hours after eating the
noodles, the villagers had symptoms
of nausea, he said.
Many of the 283 people guests and
their family members who had eaten
the leftovers were taken to health
clinics or hospitals, he added.
One guest, Bin Neng, 21, gave birth
to twins at the district hospital after
the ceremony, despite still vomiting
up blood.
Sam Ny, director of Prasat Com-
mune Health Center, said that the
noodles were likely to blame.But we
still do not know exactly what toxins
were in the noodles, he said, adding
tests would be carried out.
The noodles were ordered from a
man named Deung, said the brides
mother, Sech Sorphea.
Sex education should cover more
than just the physical side of things
Napamon Roongwitoo

ALKING to children about
the birds and the bees can
be awkward and many par-
ents choose to ignore the
subject altogether.
Even sex education teachers tend
to talk about the subject matter-of-
factly, focusing on scientic knowl-
edge rather than the things that are
applicable in real life, like relation-
ships and emotional complications.
Sex education does not only mean
physical changes and sexual inter-
course, but also extends to sexual
diversity, respect and equality for all
genders, along with other aspects. Dr
Pansak Sugraroek, gynaecologist and
renowned relationship expert in Thai-
land, talked on the embarrassing
issue at a recent session at an Interna-
tional Parenting Network (IPN) lecture
in Bangkok.
It is better to talk to your children
about sexuality from when they are
young. Sex education does not only
mean sexual intercourse. They should
know that women and men are differ-
ent, he said. Dr Pansak believes that
when children are caught touching
their private organs, parents should
seek to understand the nature of chil-
dren and their curiosity.
Some parents would say its dirty
and they would get an incurable dis-
ease from touching it or that it will
fall off. Some threaten their kids that
police will arrest them. Some even
spank their kids. This makes the chil-
dren feel bad about their body. They
should instead take the opportunity
to teach them about cleanliness, a
habit that should be introduced as
early as possible, he said.
He added that parents have a ma-
jor inuence on their childs per-
ception of sexuality. Children today,
however, are also more exposed and
inuenced on perceptions of sexual-
ity through media and the internet
than ever before.
How you approach the subject
can affect how your children perceive
sex. For example, if you are watching
TV together and a love scene comes
up, you should not panic and turn off
the TV. What you should do is notice
how your children react to that scene
and tell them that sex can be beauti-
ful at the right time and with the right
person, he recommended.
The IPN session also covered the
forms of sexual discrimination that
children are exposed to. Naturally,
children under 5 do not have gender-
based preferences and their interest
in certain toys do not necessarily re-
ect their future sexuality.
Let children play with what they
want. Boys can play with a cooking
set. Girls can play with action heroes.
Putting a boy in a oral shirt wont
make him change his gender. These
things can only suppress the childs
true interest, because they need ap-
proval from their parents. If you tell
a boy who likes to cook that cooking
is only for girls, he might miss out on
his real interest.
One tricky situation for parents of
teenage boys is dealing with sexually
provocative material. The best way to
deal with it, according to Dr Pansak,
is to respect their privacy. It is impos-
sible to prevent boys and girls from
having sexual interests, but it is pos-
sible to divert their attention.
Teenagers want to be acknowl-
edged. You can take them to do things
that they like or make other offers
that you know they wont say no to.
Set some time aside to be with them
and talk about things that they are
interested in. That way, they spend
less time thinking about sex and they
also get closer to the parents.
For parents whose child may show
tendencies towards homosexuality,
he said the most important thing is
to avoid expressing the attitude that
alternative orientations are bad, be-
cause that not only affects their self-
esteem but also their perception to-
wards other members of society.
Also remember that you cannot
change a persons sexual orientation,
not even your childs. Its a personal de-
cision to make. Whatever gender your
children choose to be, let them know
that your love for them wont change.
Teens who start relationships also
need guidance. Most parents dont like
the idea of their teenage child having
a boyfriend or girlfriend. But Dr Pan-
sak said its only natural for teenagers
to want to have someone special.
Dont tell your daughter that all
men are jerks, or tell your son that
women are evil. Try to approach the
subject impersonally. Teenagers are
naturally defensive, but they are less
so when the subject is not directly
about them, said Dr Pansak.
The most important thing to re-
member when it does come time for
discussions with children or teenag-
ers is to wait for that right moment,
or to create one. Sitting them down
and telling them about it will only
make them resist or feel awkward.
When there is news about rape,
sex scandals, or relevant statistics,
casually ask them what they think,
and give them your opinion. It is im-
portant to listen to what they have
to say. Just because they are younger
doesnt mean their opinions arent
valid. If you dont listen, they wont tell
you much in the future, he advised.
Energy drinks could cause
big problems, says WHO
Thai teens put balloons under their shirts so they look pregnant during a sex education program in Bangkok in October 2013. AFP
ENERGY drinks will become a
significant public health prob-
lem if their use among young
people is not addressed
through a cap on caffeine levels
and restrictions on their sale
and marketing, United Nations
researchers have warned.
A World Health Organisation
study said the primary risk was
from high caffeine levels, which
can cause problems such as
palpitations, hypertension,
convulsions and, in extreme
cases, heart failure leading to
death. The paper, published in
Frontiers in Public Health last
week, adds to concerns about
the harmful effects of excessive energy-
drink consumption.
The researchers wrote that caffeine
has a proven negative effect on chil-
dren. They said: The aggressive mar-
keting of energy drinks targeted at
young people, combined with limited
and varied regulation, have created an
environment where energy drinks
could pose a significant threat to pub-
lic health.
The WHO study, a review of the lit-
erature, said there was also a prolifera-
tion of products containing
extreme caffeine levels, far
higher than mainstream
Energy drinks also include
other ingredients such as guar-
ana, taurine and B vitamins,
which the WHO researchers
say require further investiga-
tion, including into their inter-
action with caffeine.
The paper, which does not
represent WHO policy, said
there was growing evidence of
harm due to consumption of
energy drinks with alcohol.
A European Food Safety
Authority study found that over
70 per cent of 18- to 29-year olds who
drink energy drinks mix them with
The study authors said research has
shown this is more risky than drinking
alcohol alone, possibly because ener-
gy drinks make it harder for people to
notice when they are getting drunk
even though there is no reduction in
intoxication.They said energy drinks
had also been linked to dangers when
combined with physical activity and
to obesity and dental cavities.
The authors did not quantify what
cap should be imposed on caffeine
levels but stated that it should be evi-
dence based. Other recommendations
included making health practitioners
aware of the potential dangers of
excess caffeine, educating the public
about the risks of mixing the drinks
with alcohol, and better labelling.
In the UK the Food Standards Agen-
cy requires high-caffeine energy drinks
to be labelled as such and from Decem-
ber they must contain a warning stat-
ing: Not recommended for children or
pregnant or breastfeeding women.
A spokesman said: The FSA advises
that people who are sensitive to caf-
feine should only consume high caf-
feine drinks ... in moderation. It is not
planning further legislation.
Gavin Partington, of the British Soft
Drinks Association, said the review had
failed to take into account conclusions
of other scientific articles, adding: Sev-
eral of the policy recommendations it
makes are already well established
through the BSDAs voluntary code and
EU regulation.
An industry code of practice restricts
marketing energy drinks to children.
Noodle soup sickens 300
Cambodians at ceremony
A NEW device similar to a simple preg-
nancy home-test could allow doctors
to diagnose a patient with suspected
Ebola in under 15 minutes, its French
developers said Tuesday.
Trials at a high-security lab have
validated the technique and proto-
type kits should be available in Ebo-
la-hit countries by the end of October
for a clinical trial, Frances Atomic
Energy Commission (CEA) said in a
The diagnostic tool, not yet approved
by regulators, works by monoclonal
antibodies reacting to the presence of
virus in a tiny sample, which can be a
drop of blood, plasma or urine.
A European pharma company Vedal-
ab is turning it into a user-friendly kit
called Ebola eZYSCREEN. Like a home
pregnancy test, a positive result sees a
small stripe showing up in a results
window on the hand-held device.
The kit is simple to use in the field
without any additional equipment,
said the CEA. AFP
French make fast Ebola test
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Tel 023 881 178 | Fax 023 886 677 | www.maiair.com
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Dorilocos, or crazy Doritos, are the latest craze sweeping the Mexican
street-snack scene. THE WASHINGTON POST
Mexicos snacks
are not for the
faint of tongue
Nick Miroff

HE streets of metro-
politan Mexico City,
population 20 mil-
lion, are many things,
not all of them pleasant. They
are crowded, yes. Malodorous,
at times. Dirty, sure. They are
also one of the worlds great
incubators of snack-food ex-
perimentation, where street
vendors slather mayo and
cheese on grilled corncobs,
and carve mangoes into ow-
ering fruit bouquets.
Perhaps, then, it was only a
matter of time before some-
one gazed upon a bag of Na-
cho Cheese Doritos, a product
boasting no fewer than 27 in-
gredients, and thought: these
need more. That appears to be
how Dorilocos Crazy Doritos
came along.
They are not for the faint of
tongue nor weak of stomach.
But Dorilocos are a testa-
ment to the culinary inven-
tiveness and intense competi-
tion on Mexicos streets, where
its simply not enough to sell
processed snack foods as the
manufacturers intended.
Theyre good, but whoa,
thats a lot of different things
all at once, said Gabriela Dor-
oteo, sampling Dorilocos for
the rst time at the behest of
her 12-year-old son, Yael.
She held a plastic fork in
one hand. Her other cradled a
bag of Nacho Cheese Doritos
sliced open, lengthwise, then
heaped with grated carrots, ji-
cama, cucumber, pickled pork
rinds, peanuts, jellied candies,
lime juice, two kinds of chili
powder, and swirls of several
kinds of fruity syrup and hot
sauce. It was a veritable insane
asylum of sugar and spice.
It looked like a Jackson Pol-
lock painting dumped in a
chip bag.
Theyre just a fad, scoffed
Carlos Gonzalez, a pushcart
tamale vendor, watching teens
and young adults line up at
the Dorilocos stalls across the
street. Theyre for kids, he
said, and people who dont
have to worry about gastritis.
No one is sure of Dorilo-
coss precise origins. Some say
they are a northern invention
concocted somewhere along
the border. Others trace them
to the rough barrios that ring
Mexico City. There are Dorilo-
cos fan pages on Facebook
and DIY YouTube videos about
how to make them.
Evelia Alcala rst encoun-
tered Dorilocos about a year
ago at the outdoor market
in her gritty Santo Domingo
neighbourhood in southern
Mexico City. I tried them,
she said, and I said to myself:
I can do better.
She had been selling socks
and backpacks on the street
for six years until then. Then
she began experimenting with
spice combinations and sauc-
es until she found the right
blend. Now she serves about
300 Dorilocos a week from
her stall, just down the street
from Mexicos National Au-
tonomous University. Alcala
sells them for 18 pesos, about
$1.50. The bag of chips alone
costs her nearly half that.
Alcala named her stall
Dorilocos La Sonrisa rough-
ly, Crazy Doritos with a Smile,
decorating it with colourful
banners that depict several
chip brands loaded with top-
pings. Other variations in-
clude Fritolocos (a more por-
table version of Frito Pie) and
PapiLocos, made with Rufes.
At the ready are other Dorito
avours: Pizza, Flaming Hot,
Devil-Hot and a milder one
called Incognito. But the ro-
jos Nacho Cheese are the
Dorilocos standard. It is only

Alexanders day begins with gum stuck in his
hair, followed by more calamities. Though
he finds little sympathy from his family and
begins to wonder if bad things only happen to
him, his mom, dad, brother, and sister all find
themselves living through their own terrible,
horrible, no good, very bad day.
City Mall: 11:25am, 3:50pm, 5:30pm
Tuol Kork: 9:40am, 11:50am, 3:45pm
Meanchey: 9:55am, 6:05pm

A couple begin to experience terrifying super-
natural occurrences involving a vintage doll
shortly after their home is invaded by satanic
cultists. Stars: Ward Horton, Annabelle Wallis,
Alfre Woodard.
City Mall: 9:20am, 1:15pm, 3:20pm, 10:05pm,
Tuol Kork: 9:45am, 1:40pm, 5:35pm, 7:55pm,
Meachey: 9:45am, 1:35pm,4pm, 8pm
In this installment of the Ju-on franchise, a
school teacher visits the home of a boy whos
been absent from school for a long period of
time, unaware of the horrific tragedy which oc-
curred in the boys household.
Meanchey: 7:05pm
Facing threats to his kingdom and his family,
Vlad Tepes makes a deal with dangerous super-
natural forces.
City Mall: 9:20am, 1:50pm, 3:30pm, 5:25pm,
7:25 pm
Tuol Kork: 11:30am, 2:55pm, 7:40pm, 10pm
Meanchey: 11:45am, 2pm, 7:55pm, 10:05pm
A young orphaned boy raised by underground
cave-dwelling trash collectors tries to save his
friends from an evil exterminator.
Citymall: 11:20am
Tuol Kork: 5:55pm
Meanchey: 3:50pm
Salsa @ The Groove
Beginner salsa lessons will precede
a salsa party open to participants of
all skill levels. The cost of the lesson
is $5 per person, but the party is free
for all.
The Groove, #1C Street 282 on top of
Terrazza Italian Restaurant. 8pm
Lipstick @ St Tropez
Groups of four women get one free
bottle of vodka (except for Grey Goose)
and 50 per cent o on all cocktails
and wine for the evening. With music
by DJ Naga.
Maison Saint Tropez, #31 Street 174.
Meta House hosts a debate about the relationship between development workers and the media tonight. BLOOMBERG
A scene from Oblivion. BLOOMBERG
Zumba @ K1 Gym
Zumba tness involves dance and
aerobic elements with a choreography
that incorporates hip-hop, soca,
samba, salsa, merengue, mambo and
martial arts. Squats and lunges are
also included.
K1 Gym, #131, Street 199 Quay. 6pm
Debate @ Meta House
The German cultural centre hosts a
debate organised by Ruom Collective
about the relationship between
development workers and the media.
The panel includes Sebastian Strangio,
author of Hun Sens Cambodia
Meta House, #37 Sothearos
Boulevard. 7pm
9.05am - STOLEN: A former thief frantically
searches for his missing daughter, who has been
kidnapped and locked in the trunk of a taxi. HBO
5:05pm - HITCH: While helping his latest client woo
the fine lady of his dreams, a professional date
doctor finds that his game doesnt quite work on
the gossip columnist with whom hes smitten. HBO
7pm - OBLIVION: On a spectacular future Earth that has
evolved beyond recognition, one mans confrontation
with the past will lead him on a journey of redemption.
11:30pm - SIX BULLETS: A mixed martial artist
engages the help of a retired mercenary to look for
his kidnapped daughter. HBO
Thinking caps
1 Ample, as a doorway
5 Pre-stereo recordings
10 Clickable image
14 Cut and paste, e.g.
15 Some Hindu people
16 Wine valley
17 Boyfriend
18 He brings the house down in
19 Where a squirrel squirrels nuts
20 It makes letters bigger
23 Donned the feedbag
24 Apiece, in scores
25 Followed closely, dog-style
27 ___ beaucoup
29 Is it soup ___?
32 Actors lines meant for the
33 Palindromic Eastern title
35 Class-conscious org.?
37 Pencil stump
38 Its twisted off
43 Costello or Gehrig
44 Draft pick
45 Dada founder
46 Hits with ones head
49 Arid
51 Out of practice
55 More nimble
57 Rams maam
59 ___ chi (martial art)
60 South African peninsula
64 Hubs
65 Texas shrine (with the)
66 Demons doings
67 Vending machine inserts
68 The brightest star in Orion
69 ___ over backward
70 Hey ... over here!
71 Stretches across
72 There are 10 million in a joule
1 Computer accessory
2 Form a conception
3 It may be needed for a change
4 Decorative case
5 Fable finale
6 Common way to take medicine
7 Not yet final, in law
8 Court attention-getter
9 The Terminator woman
10 West ___ (Jamaicas home)
11 North or South state
12 Bloomed
13 Uh-uh
21 Coniferous evergreen forest
22 Drink in Boston Harbor?
26 Star of a ball, briefly
28 Blackguard
30 Come in!
31 Asian holiday
34 Litigators org.
36 Menu phrase
38 Traces
39 Beats to the tape
40 Venerable
41 Missed the mark
42 PC brain
43 Barbell abbr.
47 Keyboard user
48 Didnt I tell you?
50 Royal guards
52 Candy company Russell ____
53 Using a camcorder
54 Gives the right-of-way
56 Nature calls?
58 Angora, merino, etc.
61 Gymnasts feat
62 Crazed with passion
63 Daughter of Hera and Zeus
64 Chop (off)
Tuesdays solution Tuesdays solution
Victory just the tonic for Nadal
N ONGOING appendix
problem didnt affect Span-
ish former world number
one Rafael Nadal as he
breezed through 6-2, 6-2 in his rst
round match with Italian journey-
man Simone Bolelli at the Swiss In-
doors on Monday.
The 28-year-old Spaniard who
has been on a 10-day antibiotic re-
gime for an appendix which will
have to be removed in the coming
weeks recorded his rst victory in
three visits to Basel in just 71 min-
utes breaking Bolelli four times.
He next plays Frances Pierre-Hu-
gues Herbert, who defeated another
Frenchman Eduard Roger-Vasselin
6-3, 6-7 (5/7), 7-6 (7/3).
Nadal had been unsure of taking
to the court as a result of his medi-
cal worries. However, he said that
getting through in good form was a
huge relief.
I had some doubts with myself
that I would be able to compete
well, said Nadal, seeded second in
the event behind ve-time champi-
on and home hero Roger Federer.
Today was a very positive victory
for me.
Im very happy for what happened.
With my [summer-long] wrist injury
and now the appendix, its not been
a great season. This was a dangerous
match for me and I won it.
Im very pleased with what hap-
pened. When you are 10 days on an-
tibiotics, the body goes down some,
you feel a little scared on how you
will play.
But Im happy with my perfor-
mance today, Im looking forward to
playing the next round [today].
Nadal began against Bolelli, a 77th-
ranked qualier by winning a seven-
minute opening game before set-
tling into his familiar match rhythm.
He broke twice to claim the rst set in
31 minutes and earned a break in the
second for 4-2 on the way to victory
over the 29-year-old.
Nadal, who has despite his tness
problems won four titles this year
including his ninth French Open
crown, is amazed that its been a de-
cade since his last Basel appearance.
Ten years without being here,
thats a long time. But nally Im
here, he said.
I was really sorry not [to] be able to
come here last year [fatigue]. But Im
happy to be here now.
And Im really happy to get my
rst Basel win, added Nadal, who
lost to Feliciano Lopez in 2003 and
Rainer Schuettler a year later.
Canada record comforts Bouchard
Eugenie Bouchard took comfort
in her rise to a Canadian-record
number ve in the world after she
opened her WTA Finals campaign
with a disappointing round-robin
defeat on Monday.
The 20-year-old went down 6-2,
6-3 to Romanias Simona Halep in
Singapore, hours after reaching the
highest ranking achieved by any Ca-
nadian player, man or woman.
I didnt know about it actu-
ally until about an hour before the
match. Someone told me, and I was
like, Oh, my God. Really? This is so
weird, Bouchard said.
Yeah, its really cool. Doesnt feel
super, [its] not like there is anything
to celebrate. I lost, so I was just like,
Okay, I just want to keep moving
Its always a cool thing, move up
in the rankings.
Bouchards rise comes after a
breakthrough year in which she
made the Wimbledon nal, the
French and Australian Open semis
and won her rst WTA title. But her
debut in the eight-player season -
nale proved tough as she committed
30 unforced errors and was broken
four times by world number four
Halep. AFP
Rafael Nadal returns a ball to Simone Bolelli during their game at the Swiss Indoors ATP 500 tennis tournament on Monday in Basel. AFP
H S Manjunath
WITH their regular centre Jor-
dan Bergren having left the
country and prolic scorer
Ben Laird somewhat off-
colour, Smart Dragons found
the going real tough against
Extra Joss Fighters, who
posted a 65-48 victory in the
Angkor Beer Cambodian Bas-
ketball League at the Olympic
Stadium Indoor Arena late on
Monday evening.
While the defeat will push
the Dragons down the peck-
ing order for the play-offs
from the fourth spot they held
before this game, the Fighters
will almost certainly move up
from their sixth position. The
nal rankings to determine
play-off pairings will be known
only after two more round-
robin matches are completed
this evening.
The Fighters came out bet-
ter in the rst quarter through
Arjhay De La Rosa and Patrick
Robles, the pair ticking off a
few scores from behind the
three-point line. While the
Dragons switched the defence
format to keep the baskets
down, they could hardly im-
prove their own scoring rate.
In the second quarter, the
Dragons employed the more
secure man-on-man defence,
preventing in the bargain De
La Rosa and Robles taking
shots from behind the arc. The
ploy got the Dragons a few
steals helping Hon Wei Chan
score several times by driving
to the basket, but the Fight-
ers quickly transitioned with
Stephen Sirumas speed giving
the team a 34-24 advantage at
half time.
With three minutes to play
in the third quarter, the Fight-
ers led by 15 points. Chhim
Chandara sheared off ve of
those with a fast break and a
three-pointer for the Dragons,
who were still not completely
out of the woods.
The fourth quarter saw the
Dragons mess up several turn-
overs and Laird, quite unlike
his consistent self, missed a
few in the face of the sustained
aggression from the Fighters.
The Dragons could hardly get
back into the game.
Fighters keep Dragons
on the run in the CBL
Kings Voynov gets suspended
SLAVA Voynov, a Russian
defenceman with the Stanley
Cup champion Los Angeles
Kings, was suspended indefi-
nitely by the NHL on Monday
after his arrest on suspicion of
domestic violence.
The league said that its con-
tract with players provides for
a suspension of a player fac-
ing a criminal investigation
where failure to do so would
create a substantial risk of
material harm to the legiti-
mate interests and/or reputa-
tion of the league.
Voynov, who will continue to
be paid, had appeared in all six
games this season for the Kings
and has two assists.
The NHLs swift action in
suspending Voynov comes
after the NFL was criticised for
failing to act quickly and deci-
sively in cases of domestic vio-
lence involving marquee play-
ers, including now-suspended
Baltimore Ravens running
back Ray Rice.
The league gave no details of
the circumstances of Voynovs
arrest, but police in the Los
Angeles suburb of Redondo
Beach said Voynov, who was
processed under his full first
name of Viatcheslav, was
arrested after officers respond-
ed to a call about a possible
family fight at a residence in the
beach community.
Police found no one at the
residence in question, but were
later contacted by police in
nearby Torrance, who were
alerted by hospital staff who
treated a woman for injuries
possibly received during a
domestic violence incident.
Redondo Beach police
officers responded to the hos-
pital and met with the victim,
determining that a domestic
violence incident did occur in
Redondo Beach, Redondo
Beach police lieutenant Joe
Hoffman said.
The officers then arrested
Voynov, who was also at the
hospital, Hoffman said. He
was freed on bail and is ten-
tatively scheduled to appear
in court on December 1.
These developments are of
great concern to our organi-
zation, the Kings said in a
We support the NHLs deci-
sion to suspend Slava Voynov
indefinitely during this proc-
ess, and we will continue to
take appropriate action as the
legal proceedings and the
investigation by the NHL take
their course. AFP
Los Angeles Kings defenceman Slava Voynov (right) was suspended indenitely by the NHL following his
arrest on Monday on charges of domestic violence. AFP
Table tennis course
precedes ASEAN event
THE National Olympic
Committee of Cambodia, in
cooperation with the
Cambodian Table Tennis
Federation, on Monday
launched a training course on
table tennis officiating and
competition organising in
preparation for the 2014
ASEAN Table Tennis
Championship, which will be
held at the Olympic Stadium
Indoor Hall from November
1-5. The six-day course, which
is being led by International
Table Tennis Federation
instructor Cyril Sen of
Malaysia, was officially opened
at the NOCC headquarters by
NOCC secretary-general Vath
Chamroeun and CTTF
President Rath Sakorn. YEUN
India suspends future
tours to West Indies
INDIAS cricket chiefs yesterday
suspended future tours to the
Caribbean following the West
Indies decision last week to
abandon their visit to India. All
bilateral tours between BCCI
[Board of Control for Cricket in
India] and the WICB [West Indies
Cricket Board] stand
suspended, BCCI secretary
Sanjay Patel said in a statement.
India were scheduled to tour the
Caribbean in February-March
2016 to play three Tests, five
one-dayers and a Twenty20
international. The BCCI also
announced it would initiate
legal proceedings against the
WICB due to the abrupt
cancellation of this tour. AFP
Steelers rally for win
over Texans in the NFL
THE Pittsburgh Steelers rallied
in quick-fire fashion on Monday,
scoring 24 points in less than
three minutes en route to a
30-23 NFL victory over Houston.
The Texans had silenced the
crowd at Heinz Field by taking a
13-0 lead midway through the
second quarter. But Steelers
running back LeVeon Bell
sparked a string of 24 straight
points in a 2:54 span near the
end of the first half as the
Steelers turned things around
against the stunned Texans. AFP
Golfer McIlroy taking
time off for legal dispute
WORLD number one Rory
McIlroy is taking time away
from golf early next year to
better deal with the multi-
million dollar legal dispute he
has with his former
management company. The
Northern Irishman took the
decision after lawyers
representing himself and the
Dublin-based Horizon company
failed to reach an out-of-court
agreement settling a complex
contractual dispute. AFP
Montpellier lose centre
Tuitavake for five weeks
FORMER New Zealand
international centre Anthony
Tuitavake will be out of action for
up to five weeks after suffering a
double fracture during his club
Montpelliers 30-23 European
Rugby Champions Cup defeat
by Toulouse at the weekend. The
32-year-old capped six times
by the All Blacks broke his eye
socket and nose two minutes
into the second-half of Sundays
game and will undergo an
operation in the next few days
according to the club. AFP
A worker walks on the pitch inside the new National Stadium at the Sports Hub complex in Singapore. The state of the turf has forced the cancellation of an international rugby xture. AFP
Singapore slung as the Maori
All Blacks scrap rugby game
INGAPORES new National
Stadium suffered fresh em-
barrassment yesterday when
the Maori All Blacks scrapped
their November 15 match against Asia
Pacic Dragons over the poor state of
its pitch.
New Zealand Rugby Union (NZRU)
ofcials said they felt let down over
the situation, which could affect Singa-
pores bid to host a team in the Super 15
southern hemisphere competition.
The below-par pitch has already
attracted negative comments from
visiting football teams including Bra-
zil, whose coach Dunga complained
most of it is sand and that it could
injure his players.
We feel let down that this happened
at this late stage, NZRU general man-
ager for planning and operations Nigel
Cass said in a statement sent to AFP.
However, the safety or our players
is paramount and we were unable to
get the assurance we needed that the
pitch was playable.
There was no immediate comment
from ofcials at Singapores Sports
Hub, a SG$1.3 billion (US$1 billion)
multi-venue complex whose centre-
piece is the roofed, 55,000-seat Na-
tional Stadium.
Singapores sports governing body
has already threatened to withhold
funding over the state of the pitch,
much of which was covered with sand
during Brazils 4-0 friendly win last
week over Japan.
Rugby markings and the positions
of the rugby posts were clearly visible,
while the bouncing ball kicked up small
clouds of sand during the game featur-
ing superstars Neymar and Kaka.
The cancellation comes as southern
hemisphere rugby ofcials deliberate
whether to award a Super 15 franchise
to Singapore or Japan, hosts of the
2019 Rugby World Cup.
The ASEAN Football Federation is
also contemplating moving matches
away from the National Stadium for
Singapores co-hosting of the Suzuki
Cup, starting next month.
A November 8 concert by Taiwanese
pop star Jay Chou at the stadium has
been shifted to December 27 to give
the grass a chance to grow before the
Suzuki Cup, where Singapore are de-
fending champions.
The pitch combines synthetic and
natural grass to improve durability.
The Asia Pacic Dragons is an invita-
tional side drawn from Asian and Poly-
nesian players. AFP
South Africa cruise to victory over New Zealand
SOUTH Africa cruised to a six-
wicket win over New Zealand in
the first one-day international at
Mount Maunganui yesterday,
guided home by a captains
knock from AB de Villiers.
The Proteas ended their run
chase at 236-4 in 48.1 overs, eas-
ily overhauling the 231 target
New Zealand set after losing the
toss and being sent in to bat.
De Villiers top-scored for South
Africa with 89, ably supported by
JP Duminy (58), who combined
with his skipper for a 139-run
partnership when the Proteas
were looking wobbly at 97-4.
Wicketkeeper Luke Ronchis
gritty 99 was the standout per-
formance for the Black Caps but
he had little support apart from
unlikely strike partner Trent
Boult, with whom he set a New
Zealand record 10th-wicket
stand of 74.
The three-match series is
essentially a World Cup warm-
up for both sides as New Zealand
prepares to co-host the tourna-
ment next year.
However, South Africa could
also overtake Australia as the
worlds top ranked ODI team if
they complete a 3-0 whitewash
over the Black Caps, who are
ranked seventh.
De Villiers said he was pleased
with the sides performance,
aside from his bowlers failure to
snuff out the dogged resistance
of Ronchi and Boult.
Weve got to finish big games
of cricket, especially big games
of cricket coming up, Im think-
ing of World Cups and must
wins, he said. In the World Cup,
if you get teams to nine down
you have to finish them off.
New Zealand captain Bren-
don McCullum said he was
pleased at his sides fightback
after losing early wickets and
the return of veteran all round-
er Dan Vettori after 15 months
on the sidelines.
There were some fighting
qualities there but unfortunate-
ly the class of AB and JP towards
the end meant we couldnt win,
he said. AFP
South Africas AB de Villiers bats during their ODI cricket match against New Zealand at the Bay Oval in
Mount Maunganui yesterday. AFP
Cambodia edge Brunei
to take third spot in Laos
CAMBODIA capped off a
promising but ultimately
disappointing run in the Suzuki
Cup qualifiers with a 1-0 win
over Brunei at the Chao
Anouvong Stadium in Vientiane
on Monday evening. Chhin
Chhoeun grabbed the only goal
of the game on 56 minutes to
see the Kingdom secure third in
the table on six points behind
toppers Myanmar (10 points),
who pushed Laos (nine) into
second thanks to a 2-1 victory
over the hosts on Monday.
Cambodias Sok Chanrasmey
and Laos Soukaphone
Vongchiengkham were the top
scorers at the qualifiers with
four goals each. Myanmar and
Laos continued their record of
making it to every finals stage of
the biennial tournament since it
began in 1996. Myanmar will
head to Singapore next
month to face the reigning
champions in Group B
together with 2010 titlists
Malaysia and 2012 runners
up Thailand. Laos,
meanwhile, will travel to
Hanoi to enter Group A
alongside 2008 winners
Vietnam, the Philippines and
four-time beaten finalists
Indonesia. DAN RILEY
Cambodia battling at
Homeless World Cup
CAMBODIA added to their
opening loss at the 2014
Homeless World Cup in
Santiago with two more
defeats on Monday, going
down 8-4 to Switzerland before
being thumped 8-2 by reigning
champions Brazil. Despite the
results, the Kingdoms
representatives in Chile could
take heart from performing in
41-degree heat and with a
thread-bare squad of four
players and no subs which
includes local recruit Manual
Reyes, who plays as a keeper.
To score three goals for my
country is amazing, said
Cambodias Then Lang Eng of
his hat-trick against
Switzerland. We fought so
hard but they were too good.

Keita survives crash in
rented Lamborghini
LAZIO forward Keita Balde
walked away from a high-speed
car crash which caused
extensive damage to a 180,000
(US$230,000) Lamborghini he
had no right to rent, according to
reports yesterday. The 19-year-
old Spaniard was travelling at
120kmh or more according to
Corriere dello Sport when he
lost control in Rome in the early
hours of Monday morning.
While the yellow Lamborghini
a 550 brake horse power
supermachine with a top speed
of 320kmh suffered extensive
damage to its front end after
hitting three crash barriers, a
petrified Balde escaped injury-
free. According to the report,
Keita had attended a concert by
American rap artist Snoop Dog
on Sunday evening with several
Lazio team-mates and there are
conflicting reports over whether
alcohol was involved. AFP
Real Madrid trip to Anfield
tops bill of night in Europe
HE meeting of Liverpool and
Real Madrid, who have 15 Eu-
ropean Cups between them,
is the pick of tonights games
in the Champions League, which all
kick off at 1:45am Cambodian time.
Group A
Atletico Madrid v Malmo
In a nely-poised Group A, Span-
ish champions Atletico can ill afford
a slip-up against Malmo at the Vi-
cente Calderon.
It is a very important match to
maintain a strong position in the
group. Nothing else matters to us just
now, said Atletico midelder Mario
Suarez, who scored in Sundays 2-0
win against Espanyol in La Liga.
Diego Simeones side, runners-up
last season, lost at Olympiakos in
matchday one but recovered to beat
Juventus at home last time out.
Olympiakos v Juventus
Juventus have been plagued by an in-
ability to transfer their superb domes-
tic form in recent times onto the Euro-
pean stage and a 1-0 defeat at Atletico
Madrid in their last outing means there
is pressure on Massimiliano Allegris
side before their trip to Greece.
The Turin giants remain top of Serie
A despite being held to a 1-1 draw at
Sassuolo at the weekend and won 7-0
when they last met Olympiakos in the
group stage 10 years ago.
However, a trip to the hostile sur-
rounds of the Karaiskakis stadium
promises to be just as tough for Juve
as it was for Atletico, who lost 3-2 to
Olympiakos in their opening game.
Group B
Ludogorets Razgrad v Basel
A rousing 1-0 win against Liverpool
at the St Jakob-Park three weeks ago
boosted Basels prospects of progress-
ing to the last 16 from Group B ahead
of a double-header against Bulgarian
side Ludogorets Razgrad. The Swiss
champions, who will again be with-
out suspended Chilean midelder
Marcelo Diaz, head to Soa fresh
from winning 1-0 at Young Boys at the
Ludogorets forced to play 350 ki-
lometres from Razgrad at the national
stadium because their own ground is
not deemed suitable are still looking
for a rst point in their debut group-
stage campaign after running Liver-
pool and Real Madrid close.
Liverpool v Real Madrid
Liverpool and Real Madrid, who
have won a remarkable 15 European
Cups between them, clash at Aneld
with the Reds looking to maintain
their perfect record against the Span-
ish giants. Liverpool beat Madrid 1-0
in the 1981 nal and then triumphed
5-0 on aggregate in the group stage in
2008-09. However, while Real are the
reigning European champions, Liver-
pool are adapting to the competition
again after a ve-year absence.
Brendan Rodgers side are under
pressure to perform after a lame 1-0
defeat at Basel last time out, but they
will need to defend better than they
did in beating Queens Park Rangers
3-2 in the Premier League on Sun-
day. Madrid head to England on a
run of seven consecutive wins, having
scored 32 goals in that time.
Nevertheless, Carlo Ancelottis side
will be without the injured Gareth
Bale and could be distracted by the
impending Clasico against Barcelona
on Saturday.
Group C
Bayer Leverkusen v Zenit St Petersburg
Zenit head to Germany to face Bayer
Leverkusen in Group C looking to ex-
tend a 16-match unbeaten run in all
competitions. However, the Russian
Premier League leaders have drawn
their last three games, including a
frustrating goalless stalemate with
Monaco three weeks ago and a 2-2
draw with Krasnodar at the weekend,
when they came from 2-0 down with
Brazil forward Hulk netting his 50th
goal for the club.
Monaco v Benca
Monaco meet Portuguese opposition
for the rst time since their 3-0 defeat to
Porto in the 2004 nal when they host
Benca at the Stade Louis II. The prin-
cipality club are top of Group C, having
beaten Leverkusen 1-0 at home before
a creditable 0-0 draw at Zenit, while
Benca are yet to register a point.
The game will carry added signi-
cance for Monacos Portuguese coach
Leonardo Jardim, who coached Sport-
ing to second place in the Portuguese
top ight last season behind their great
city rivals Benca.
Group D
Anderlecht v Arsenal
Arsenal make the short trip to Brus-
sels to face Anderlecht bidding to
record a morale-boosting win after
seeing their stuttering recent form
continue at the weekend. The Gunners
required a last-minute Danny Welbeck
equaliser to draw 2-2 with Hull City
on Saturday, a result that means they
have won just twice in nine games in
all competitions. However, a double-
header against the Belgian champions
will give them a chance to build on a
convincing 4-1 win against Galatasaray
in their last group game.
Galatasaray v Borussia Dortmund
Borussia Dortmund have been out-
standing in the Champions League in
the last couple of years and their coach
Jurgen Klopp will be looking for a rous-
ing performance away to Galatasaray
at a time when they are enduring a
miserable sequence of results in the
Bundesliga. AFP
Real Madrid defender Miguel Torres (left) vies with Liverpool forward Dirk Kuyt during
their UEFA Champions League second round, second leg at Aneld on March 10, 2009. AFP
NEPALS powerful football
chief Ganesh Thapa stepped
down from his post on Mon-
day, pending a parliamentary
investigation accusing him of
embezzling millions of dollars
and accepting bribes during
his 19-year tenure.
Thapa, a vice-president of
the Asian Football Confedera-
tion (AFC), is under investiga-
tion over allegations that 580
million rupees (US$5.85 mil-
lion) were embezzled.
He announced his plans to
stand aside as president of the
All Nepal Football Association
(ANFA) at a press conference.
I am now handing over
my responsibilities . . . for two
months, Thapa said.
ANFAs CEO Indra Man Tu-
ladhar said that the associa-
tions treasurer Biraj Jung Sha-
hi would also step down while
an anti-graft commission in-
vestigates corruption claims
involving the two men.
The allegations include
an unexplained deposit of
$115,000 into Thapas account
from a Qatari company owned
by businessman Mohammed
bin Hammam, himself em-
broiled in a bribery scandal in-
volving the Gulf nations bid to
win hosting rights for the 2022
World Cup, a lawmaker said.
Ramhari Khatiwada, a mem-
ber of Nepals parliamentary
public accounts committee,
told AFP that the committee
had asked the government to
investigate and suspend Tha-
pa and Shahi.
It was clear to us that there
has been mishandling of funds
and he has used his position
to take money illegally, said
Thapa is also a member of
Nepals parliament, nomi-
nated last August by the royal-
ist Rastriya Prajatantra Party
Nepal, headed by his brother
Kamal Thapa. AFP
Nepal Fed chief steps
down pending probe
Longleys prized Willy
Dan Riley
THE Chinese consider the
number eight as auspicious
due to its similar sounding to
their word for wealth or pros-
perity. Gameweek 8 of the Cell-
card Fantasy League was cer-
tainly lucky for some, with
Southampton grabbing the
headlines by smashing eight
past a woeful Sunderland over
the weekend.
The Saints Serbian summer
signing Dusan Tadic was the
undisputed star of the show.
The 25-year-old midfielders
goal, four assists, clean sheet
and bonus added up to 23
fantasy points the top indi-
vidual round score of the sea-
son so far.
Joining him in the elite 11
of the Dream team was
another new Southampton
recruit Graziano Pelle, who
helped torment the Black
Cats with two goals and an
assist for 15 points.
Man City striker Sergio Ague-
ro gave another sensational
performance in netting all four
of his teams goal against Tot-
tenham which couldve eas-
ily been five had he not missed
a penalty to earn 19 points.
Half a dozen fantasy manag-
ers racked up three-digit totals,
although Peter Mannings
incredible 121 points tally
could not be honoured with
prizes as he is not registered.
Both Sopheak Lis Kouprey
Kh and Steve Longleys LVGs
Golden Willy were second with
105 points, but Longley would
ultimately scoop the US$20
phone credit from sponsors
Cellcard due to having fewer
transfers during the round.
In fact, it was Longleys only
transfer, Leighton Baines,
which gave him his biggest
boost with the Everton
defender chosen as captain to
double up to 30 points. He
also boasted the sizzling
Saints pair of Tadic and Pelle
in his ranks to get him safely
past the century mark
The facebook competition
was date with the lucky
number eight, with the answer
to the weekly question being
8 minutes, correctly guessed
by five users.
As none of the users also
answered that West Broms
Stephane Sessegnon would be
the scorer of the first goal, the
rollover prize of $20 phone
credit will be split equally
amongst the five Mao Sorsen-
gphirum, Kuong RedDevil,
Kloung Sivly, Poppy Flack and
Ly Chheng Nann.
Sundays clash between lead-
ers Chelsea and title aspirants
Man United is the most notable
fixture of gameweek 9 this
English Premier League
West Brom 2 Man United 2
Spanish La Liga
Real Sociedad 1 Getafe 2
Italian Serie A
Genoa 1 Empoli 1
Fresh sea air
Hawaiian surfer John John Florence competes during his quarter-nal heat of the Moche Rip Curl Pro Portugal at Supertubos Beach in Peniche on Monday. Florence won the round but was beaten in the semi-nal by South
Africas Jordy Smith, who lost the grand nal to Mick Fanning of Australia. The Portugal event is the penultimate destination out of 11 stops in the world championship tour, with the series concluding in Hawaii in December. AFP
Panel set for Bianchi crash probe
ORMER world cham-
pion Emerson Fitti-
paldi is part of a high
level panel named
on Monday to propose new
safety measures after the Ja-
pan Grand Prix crash that left
French driver Jules Bianchi
ghting for his life.
The 10-member group,
which will also include re-
nowned former Formula One
team chief Ross Brawn, will
make recommendations by
early December, the Interna-
tional Automobile Federation
(FIA) governing body said.
Bianchis Marussia car
smashed into a recovery ve-
hicle on the drenched Suzuka
track on October 5 leaving the
25-year-old with life threaten-
ing brain injuries.
Bianchi is still in intensive
care in a Japanese hospital
and a communique released
by his team and family last
week said he was in a critical
but stable condition.
The investigation panel will
carry out a full review of the ac-
cident to gain a better under-
standing of what happened,
and will propose new measures
to reinforce safety at circuits,
an FIA statement said.
The group will begin its
work this week and present
its ndings at the next meet-
ing of the World Motor Sport
Council on December 3 in
Doha, it added.
FIA president Jean Todt an-
nounced ve days after the
crash that a panel would in-
vestigate the crash.
The inquiry is to be chaired
by Peter Wright, president of
the FIA safety commission,
and include heavyweight For-
mula One names such as two-
time drivers champion Fitti-
paldi, who still heads the FIA
drivers commission.
Brawn helped Ferrari win
several titles as technical di-
rector and stood down as
Mercedes team principal at
the end of last year.
Former Ferrari team lead-
er Stefano Domenicali is in
the group along with former
driver Alex Wurz, chief racing
steward Gerd Ennser, Eduardo
de Freitas, World Endurance
Championship racing direc-
tor, circuits commission chief
Roger Peart, FIA court of ap-
peal judge Antonio Rigozzi,
and Gerard Saillant, president
of the FIA medical medical
Race changes ahead
The Japan Grand Prix went
ahead in heavy rain after a
typhoon battered part of the
A lm of the accident showed
one driver Adrian Sutil aqua-
plane off the dry racing line,
causing his Sauber to spin off
the track.
Bianchi appeared to do the
same, but attempted to cor-
rect his slide and was pitched,
nose-rst into a collision with
the heavy vehicle, carrying a
crane to recover Sutils car.
Japan race director Char-
lie Whiting said that not
everybody slowed down in
response to yellow alert ags
waved on the track.
He said that Bianchi had
slowed but refused to say by
how much.
Whiting said the FIA was
already considering ways to
control cars in dangerous con-
ditions, including an electroni-
cally controlled speed limit
when yellow ags are in use.
The FIA was also thinking of
tting skirts to all recovery
vehicles to ensure it was im-
possible for cars to go beneath
them, as Bianchi did, Whiting
said. AFP
Marussia driver Jules Bianchi of France drives during the rain-soaked Formula One Japanese Grand
Prix in Suzuka on October 5 prior to a crash which left him in intensive care in hospital. AFP