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Algebra revision

1. If a = 3, b = 5, and c = 8, evaluate the following expressions:


(a)

a+b/ 2
(b)

(a+b) / 2
(c)

(a+b) / 2+c / 2
(d)

(a+b) / 2+c ( )/ 2
Note: It is useful to be able to read the kind of notation used in this question, because
that is how formulae appear in the formula bar in Excel. In Excel, the variables would be
cell addresses. So for example instead of a, b, and c, we might have A1, A2, and A3.
Then the answer to part (a) would be the number in cell B1.

In order to obtain the answer to (b), you will need to supply brackets:

2. If


a= 3,b = 5, and c = 8, evaluate the following expressions:
(a)


b a
c
9

(b)


b a
c
9

(c)


(b a) /(c / 9)
3. Simplify the following expressions:
(a) (3a + 4b) + 2(a + 7b)
(b) (3x 5y) (y x)
(c) 3 5 ) 9 3 ( +
(d) 3 5 9 3 +
(e)


(3+9) (53)
(f)


k
2
+ k
k
3
+ k

4.
(a) Write 87 as a percentage of 95.
(b) Write 103 as a percentage of 95.
(c) Suppose the average income in a certain town has varied over the years, as
shown in the table:
Year
Average
income
2000 $57,309
2005 $55,430
2010 $69,408

(i) What was the percentage change in average income from 2000 to 2005?
(ii) What was the percentage change in average income from 2000 to 2010?

5.(a) (Relevant for critical values in hypothesis testing) Draw a number line, place the
following numbers on the number line, and then answer the questions below. 1.645, 1.645,
1.6, 1.6, 1.7, 1.7. [Remember that if x is to the left of y on the number line, then we say


x < y.]
For each of the following inequalities, state whether it is true or false:
(i) 1.6 < 1.645
(ii) 1.6 < 1.645
(iii) 1.645 < 1.6
(iv) 1.645 < 1.7
(b) (Relevant for p-values in hypothesis testing) Write the following numbers in ascending
order of magnitude.
0.011, 0.01, 0.05
6. In the following, n is the number of times an event occurs, so it might be positive or zero
but not negative. List the non-negative numbers n that satisfy each inequality:
(a) 3 n < 6
(b) 4 < n 6
(c) 3 < n < 7
(d) n is at least 4 and no bigger than 10
(e) n is greater than 4 and less than 10
(f) n is at most 1

7. Transform the following equations to make x the subject and hence find the value of x.
(a)


3x
4
2 = 11
(b)

x 3
2
= 1.645
(c)

x 2.3
1.5
= z , where

z = 1.96
In (c), write x in terms of z and then make the substitution

z = 1.96 .