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Physical and Chemical Principles, November 2012 (as compiled by the board exam

takers)
Note: These aren't the actual questions, but generally what the questions were about.
We couldn't remember the actual questions.

VERY BIG TIP: Usually marami pinapahanap sa isang tanong, pero once nakuha na
yung isa and sure ka doon, you can stop solving na. Unique yung mga choices :))

6 hours, 100 questions

1. What did Wohler do?
2. Important element for proper function of thyroid gland?
3. Most abundant metal in human body? a. Mg, b. Ca, c. I, d. K
4. The chemical symbol for Tungsten is derived from the Latin word: __?
5. Given values of [H+] and [OH-], solve for pH
6. Given values of pH, calculate [H+]
7. When was nitroglycerine discovered, and what is it's form?
8. Stoichiometry: How much salicylic acid is needed to form x grams of aspirin? Given
yung reaction in word form.
9. Given moment of inertia and mass, find the radius of the hoop (wtf)
10. Calculate how many 325 mg tablets is needed to kill a person given the LD-50
dosage.
11. Reaction of ethanoyl chloride with propanol will yield?
12. Which of the given triglycerides will have the highest boiling point (pero ang labo ng
choices)
13. Some shitty question about n-butane, isobutane, extent of reaction (4 yung given),
and Gibbs free energy
14. What is the concentration of Ca2+ and Mg2+ in groundwater from dolomite after
mixing with acid rain of pH = 5.60?
15. Chemical formula of caffeine
16. Primary contaminants of BTEX?
17. Given a set of bonds, which is the most polar and least polar?
18. Given [Na+] = 0.15 and solubility of sodium urate, find the concentration of sodium
urate needed to stop gout.
19. Given toxic level of [HCN], what is the pH of the water if [CN-] = 10^-5? (no Ka
given)
20. Given: volume of Tagaytay lake, herbicide concentation, flowrate of water, rate of
first order degradation, find rate of herbicide input. (solution: model the lake as a CSTR
reactor)
21. Given length from Pasig river to Makati, sewage velocity, concentration of
contaminants in Pasig river, rate of first order degradation, find concentration of
contaminants near Makati. (same solution as above)
22. Given volume, flowrate, concentration of contaminants, find rate of decomposition
(same solution as above)
23. Color expected from octahedral atom due to a d-d complex.
24. If Pb and Al are both dipped in boiling water, and are then dipped in water at room
temperature, which will have higher temperature?
25. What will happen to temperature in a throttling process from high to low pressure?
26. What will happen to acidity of a can of soda if it is opened, releasing CO2?
27. What happens to potassium metal if it comes in contact with water? a. ignite, b.
explode, c. H2 will be generated, d. all of the above
28. Given mass percentage of compound, find empirical formula.
29. Given CO2 + H2O -> C6H12O6 + O2, C6H12O6 + O2 -> H2O + CO2, what are the
coefficients? Which is respiration and which is photosynthesis?
30. Given 4 nuclear equations, match it with the speficic type of nuclear reaction.
31. Definition of nuclear fusion.
32. Definition of metabolism, catabolism, anabolism.
33. Which compound is oxidized?
34. Given zinc-silver electrode, which of the following statements is TRUE?
35. Balancing (ANG DAMI)!
36. Titration of H2O2 with KMnO4.
37. Titration of H2SO4 with NaOH to determine mass of sample using Kjeldahl method,
given 12.71% protein nitrogen.
38. Given concentration of HgCl2 and Cl-, determine concentration of HgCl+.
39. Bioconcentration of tilapia given phenol concentration and concentration of lipids
in tilapia.
40. Based on Bohr model, what will happen when electron jumps from lower to higher
energy level?
41. Carnot cycle: Given Tc and Th, solve for efficiency and work.
42. Given moles of Silane, calculate silica produced.
43. Given Ka of indicator, what is its pH range?
44. Find Boiling point of benzene and many shits! just find one!
45. Find the boiling point of water at temperature and blabla just find one!
46. Ideal Gas and Van Der Waal's! Just find one!
47. Given Half life get K!
48. There's a thunderstorm :O air at 300k! What is the final temperature if no energy lost
and Volume increase by 2!
49. Clausius Clapeyron!!! Given pressure and Temperature. Get Hvap!
50. Given K @T1. Get K @ t2. ung isang K nasa x10^-60. ahhaha
51. Mono atomic gas. t1= 300k. Get T2 if delta E=209J.
52. Given delta H of formation of CO2 and H2O, and H of reaction, find delta Hf of
octane.
53. Octane- Concept
54. something to do with 11-tetradecenyl acetate :) :> sakto ba? =)) HAHAH
55. Given Ksp=2.01x10^-39. Fe(OH)3. [OH-]=1.01x10^-7. what is the concentration of
Fe(III)
56. Calculate heat of reaction: hydrogenation of ethyne to ethane
57. Calculate Kp for reaction of SO2 + H2S -> H2O + S
58. Ideal gas equation problem: Calculate pressure of Cl2.
59. Components of acid rain?
60. Rate of ozone layer depletion, pero ANG LABO ng equations :))
61. Plant: Capsaici - capsicum
62. Ionic Strength -Debye and Huckel equation
63. Protection for Beta Particle
64. Cement Dust Particle - Good equipment for minimization? Scrubber, ESP, Cyclone?
65. How many atoms in Al2(SO4)3
66. synthetic vanillin vs natural
67. Degree of Freedom
68. Zn Ag- Anode Cathode
69. How to prepare 1x10^-12 tequila


Chemical Engineering, November 2012 (as compiled by the board exam takers)
Note: These aren't the actual questions, but generally what the questions were about.
We couldn't remember the actual questions.


37 objective questions, 21 situational problems (3 questions each) = 100 POINTS! -_-

Time allotted: 9 hours

PROBLEM SOLVING:
THERMODYNAMICS: Very hot steel ball dipped into oil. Calculate:
1. Entropy change of the ball.
2. Entropy change of the oil
3. Total entropy change.

CHEMISTRY: Two cylinders, both V = 1 cu.m, separated by a closed valve. First cylinder is
at 40 bar, 200 K, filled with N2 gas. The valve is opened, pressure is equalized, then valve
is closed again. (mukhang madali, PERO MAHIRAP SIYA) Calculate:
4. Final temperature of cylinder 2.
5. Mass of nitrogen in first cylinder.
6. Initial internal energy of N2 gas (Vi and Hi were also given)

THERMODYNAMICS: Reversible, adiabatic process for steam.
7. Given T1, P1 and P2, calculate delta H (SI units)
8. Given T1, P1 and P2, calculate T2 (English units naman)
9. Calculate delta H from number 8.

MOMENTUM TRANSFER: Energy balance problem with pump. Given downstream and
upstream pressures, length of pipe, diameter, temperature. Fluid is H2 gas.
10. Calculate specific volume of H2 at given conditions.
11. Find mass flowrate (could not be solved kasi walang velocity na given... HULA!)
12. Given efficiency = 0.6, find work supplied by pump.

AGITATION: Scale-up problem. Given impeller diameter, tank diameter of 0.3 m,
impeller speed, blending time for small-scale pilot test. Two unknown liquids being
mixed, no properties given. System to be scaled-up to tank diameter of 2.5 m.
13. Find impeller speed for scale-up.
14. Power consumption.
15. Blending time for scale-up.

CRYSTALLIZATION: Na2CO3 to be crystallized. 3% of water evaporated
16. Find mass ratio of Na2CO3 decahydrate to anhydrous Na2CO3
17. Weight of mother liquor.
18. Weight of solvent that remained.

CRYSTALLIZATION: 10000 g of saturated Na2CO3 solution at 30 degC, 3000 g to be
crystallized.
19. Amount of water in initial solution
20. Amount of water in mother liquor
21. Temperature of mother liquor.

DISTILLATION: Distillation with purge stream. Reflux ratio = 2. Pero mass balance problem
lang talaga siya.
22. Find weight of distillate.
23. Moles of vapor at top section.
24. Moles of vapor at bottom section.

COMBUSTION: 100 moles of butane combusted with 5000 moles air. Find:
25. Theoretical O2
26. Theoretical air
27. Percent excess air

SPRAY NOZZLE: 10000 gal/min of water to be cooled from 120 degF to 90 degF in a
spray cooling pond.
28. Calculate area to be used given heat duty in BTU/sq.ft
29. Given this nozzle configuration, what should be the dimensions of the pond?
30. What is the head?

HEAT TRANSFER/PROCESS CONTROL: A tank is filled with a solution of Cobalt-60. It gives
off heat as it degrades, increasing the temperature of the solution. Heat is also given off
due to convection. The net rate of heat transfer is also given. Calculate:
31. Mass of solution.
32. Temperature after 24 hours.
33. Maximum temperature that will be attained by the solution.

THERMODYNAMICS: Ammonia is cooled from T1 (gaseous form) to T2 (solid form).
Calculate:
34. Entropy loss at the fusion temperature.
35. Total change in entropy.
36. Absolute entropy at the melting temperature (a reference point was given).

ADSORPTION: Fixed-bed adsorption! T_T
37. Find superficial velocity.
38. Find breakthrough time.
39. Capacity ratio.

LEACHING: Counter-current extraction of NaOH from inert CaCO3 using water as
solvent. 95% of NaOH is to be extracted. Constant inert/solution in underflow. Find:
40. Weight of underflow.
41. Weight of solvent used.
42. Total number of stages.

MOMENTUM TRANSFER: Energy balance with pump (again).
43. Total static head.
44. Volumetric flowrate of water.
45. Work supplied by pump.

STOICHIOMETRY: Given a reaction and gas composition, and percent conversion
based on limiting reactant:
46. Find extent of reaction.
47.
48. Percentage of Cl2 gas in final product.

CHE CALCULATIONS: Given HNO3 solution and density (no basis was given, pero you
have to assume it to get the correct answer):
49. Find weight of H2O in solution.
50. Find mole fraction of HNO3.
51.

CHEMISTRY: Given percent composition of gaseous mixture:
52. Find average molar mass.
53.
54.

EQUIPMENT DESIGN: Given initial cost at 2004 and cost indices. (pero MALING MALI
YUNG MGA GIVEN, kelangan pa hulaan at mag-trial and error)
55. Find cost at 2008.
56. Find cost at 2010.
57. Find cost at 2010 if inflation is 2.5%.

SOLID MENSURATION: Given a cylindrical piece of silica with dimensions of height and
diameter, it is heated and molded into thin wires of D = 0.125 mm.
58. Find total length of wire obtained.
59. Given the density of silica, what is the total weight of the wire?
60. If it is to be coated with a layer of polymer coating, what will be the mass of coating
used (density is given).

CHE CALCULATIONS: Pressure calculations.
61. Convert pressure from kPa to mm Hg
62. Given atmospheric pressure and depth of water, find pressure at the bottom of the
lake.
63.

--------------------------
OBJECTIVES:
64. Which reaction occurs in the Hargreaves process? A process for the
manufacture of salt cake (sodium sulfate) by passing a mixture of sulfur
dioxide and air through sodium chloride brine in a countercurrent manner.
65. Component used in transducer for vacuum pressure.
66. Air actuator to be used for multiple effect evaporator to prevent overflowing, what
should the settings be? a. Air to open, normally closed; b. Air to close, normally opened;
c. Time-lapsed control; d. density gauge
67. If half-life increases with initial concentration, what is the order of reaction?
68. Which is true about the molecularity of reaction? a. applies only to elementary
reactions, b. applies only to nonelementary
69. Which is best suited for a flash dryer?
70. Which of the following is used for plant growth as an anti-herbicide? a.
dichloroethane b. safeners c. dinitroanilene d. carbamates
71. What process involves transfer of solute from liquid solvent to gas phase?
72. Which acid is used in scrubbing for purification of acetylene? a. HCl b. H2SO4 c.
HNO3
73. What is the main goal of thermodynamics?
74. Which of the following is not taken into account for plug-flow reactors? a. volume b.
flow pattern c. longitudinal dispersion d. properties of fluid.
75. Why is the vapor space in an evaporator at vacuum pressure? a. to increase
temperature difference with steam T, b. to decrease temperature difference with
steam T, c. to increase heat transfer area
76. Why does a venturi meter have less power loss? a. high pressure recovery, b. low
pressure recovery, c. simple design
77. What happens to a saturated liquid if total pressure is decreased?
78. It is avoided because it disturbs the signal (Noise).
79. Which of the following is used for thermodynamic temperature control?
80. What does the expression U = U(T,V) mean?
81. Which of the following reactions is slaking?
82. Under which conditions is PFR better than CSTR? a. n = 0, b. n > 0, c. n < 0, d. n < 1

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