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Group 2: Game Theory Application: Israel-Palestine Conflict

I. BACKGROUND OF ISRAEL-PALESTINE CONFLICT



The Israel-Palestine conflict can be dated way back in the 1250BC and has been going on until present.
Various events have transpired and is too lengthy to narrate. Unfortunately, the actual history, facts and
figures of the conflict often become lost in the murk of outspoken opinions and ideologies. Here is a timeline
of the most fundamental facts of a globally important issue we have at hand:


II. GAME THEORY APPLICATION: ISRAEL STRATEGIES VS. PALESTINE STRATEGIES

Palestine

Israel
Zionism
Arab
commission
was formed
to
investigate
land sales to
Jews, and
protest led
to cessation
of these
sales
UN
Partitio
n Plan
Arab
leaders
and
governme
nt
rejected
the
partition
1947-194
9 War
Tranjordan
, Egypt,
Syria, and
Iraq
intervened
and sent
forces that
attacked
the Israeli
army
1967
War
Some
fled
beyond
Palestine,
and
others
became
citizens
of the
Jewish
state
Jewish
immigra
tion to
Palestin
e
Conflict
grew
Accepte
d by the
Jewish
public,
except
for its
fringes
The civil
war
broke
out, and
the
partition
plan was
not
impleme
nted
Zionist
forces
outnumbe
red all
Arab and
Palestinia
n
combatant
s
combined
Birth of
Israel
Made a
surprise
attack on
Egypt
Israel
occupied
the final
22% of
Palestine
ISRAEL
Use of Force Military
Occupation
US Political
Aid
Arbitration
P
A
L
E
S
T
I
N
E
Armed Resistance ISRAEL
Rise of Political
Movements
ISRAEL
International
Recognition
PALESTINE


UN Resolution on
Two-State Solution


ISRAEL
Group 2: Game Theory Application: Israel-Palestine Conflict
III. ANALYSIS OF STRATEGIES

Israel Use of Force vs. Palestine Armed Resistance
Armed conflict is the worst case scenario because the United Nations (UN) Charter prohibits use of force
or threat of force. Israels strategy is to use violence and raise arms against Palestine. Moreover, United
States (US) has been known to provide assistance to Israel in any circumstance.

Palestine, on the other hand, will naturally respond with the same violence to protect their territorial
integrity and inhabitants. Article 51 of the UN Charter allows the right of collective self-defense against
armed attack. Having US on its side, Israel obviously wins in this case.

Israel Military Occupation vs. Palestine Rise of Political Movements
Israeli forces continue their military occupation, land confiscations and construction of settlements in the
West Bank and blockade of the Gaza Strip. While Palestinian political parties, Hamas and Fatah,
continuously claim their over tWest Bank and Gaza Strip territories. The Latin American countries
support Palestine in its endeavour.

Palestine may receive assistance from its neighbouring countries, but it still not enough to in comparison
with the military, political and financial support Israel receives from the US. US has always been upfront
in favouring Israel over Palestine.

US Political Aid for Israel vs. International Recognition for Palestine
UN General Assembly passed a resolution to upgrade Palestines status as a non-member observer state
in the UN which also provides rights and privileges for Palestine.

Israel voted against the resolution stating that there is already an existing peace process negotiation
between Israel and Palestine. Nine countries voted against the resolution and one of them is US. US is
one of the five permanent members in the Security Council and it can exercise its veto power against the
resolution. While Palestines strategy is to come before the UN in peace and to seek international
recognition. Fortunately, an overwhelming majority of 138 UN member-states voted for the resolution.
Clearly, Palestine wins in this situation.

Arbitration vs. Two-State Solution
Israels strategy is to submit their case for arbitration to the ICC International Court of Arbitration or
Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA). The decision of these tribunals will be based on the facts given by
the parties, hence, it will be impartial and binding upon the parties. The only downside is arbitration will
only take place if both parties will agree to such method of dispute resolution.

Palestine expressed its interest with two-state solution wherein the land will be divided for the two
nations. However, two-state solution will never work because the Israel and Palestine have entirely
different ideologies. Palestine refuses to recognize Israels right to exist as much as Israel refuses to
support Palestines effort to be an independent state. If this is left to them, the conflict will never be
resolved. Arbitration is the best strategy.

IV. RECOMMENDATION

Arbitration, with the insistence and support of UN member-states, is the best solution to resolve Israel and
Palestine conflict. Mediation, UN resolutions and negotiations will never work for two conflicting nations
overwhelmed with hate and cynicism. Theyve been living alongside each other for years without being able
to achieve peace or trust. Palestine seeks all of Israel, and Israel wants to control Palestinian borders to
secure the Jewish state and its inhabitants.

Arbitration, as opposed to mediation, will not require parties to communicate endlessly until they reach to a
settlement. Arbitration is as rigid as a court process. The arbitrators will hear the case and decide based on
trial and evidence submitted by the parties. Israel and Palestine will never come to an agreement themselves.
What they need is an impartial tribunal which will make a decision for them, and that decision will be legal
and binding.