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# University of Cape Town Department of Electrical Engineering

## Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment EEE3057S Mod A / EEE3031S

Page 1 of 2 25 August 2010
TUTORIAL: ANWERS

1. Explain why distributed windings are preferred over concentrated windings in AC
machines.

2. Explain how a rotating magnetic field is produced in an AC machine.

3. Explain briefly, from first principles, how torque is developed in an induction motor,
when the stator is supplied with balanced three-phase currents.

4. If the rotor of an induction motor is rotated at synchronous speed, how much torque
will the motor develop? Please explain.

5. Relative to an observer on the stator of an induction machine, the rotating magnetic
field due to the stator currents rotates at synchronous speed ns, whilst the machine
rotor rotates at angular speed n. At what angular speeds are the following rotating at:

(a) The rotating magnetic field due to stator currents, relative to an observer on the
rotor.
Slip speed s x n
s
(b) The rotating magnetic field due to stator currents, relative to an observer rotating
at synchronous speed.
Stationary
(c) The rotating magnetic field due to currents induced in the rotor winding, relative
to the observer on the stator.
Synchronous speed n
s
(d) The rotating magnetic field due to currents induced in the rotor winding, relative
to an observer rotating at synchronous speed.
Stationary
(e) The rotating magnetic field due to currents induced in the rotor winding, relative
to an observer on the rotor.
Slip speed s x n
s
(f) The resultant rotating magnetic field due to stator and induced rotor currents,
relative to an observer on the stator.
Synchronous speed n
s
(g) The resultant rotating magnetic field due to stator and induced rotor currents,
relative to an observer on the rotor.
Slip speed s x n
s

(h) The resultant rotating magnetic field due to stator and induced rotor currents,
relative to an observer rotating at synchronous speed.
Stationary

6. For the machine described in PC Sen, Problem A.1, determine its winding factor K
w
.
k
w
= k
d
x k
p
= 0.9598 x 0.9397 = 0.9019
7. For the machine described in PC Sen, Problem A.2, determine the rms value of the
fundamental emf induced in the stator winding.
k
w
= 0.9234
University of Cape Town Department of Electrical Engineering
Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment EEE3057S Mod A / EEE3031S
Page 2 of 2 25 August 2010
N = 1080
E = 4.44 x 60 x 1080 x 0.01 x 0.9234 = 2656.7 V

8. PC Sen, Problem 5.2
a. n
s
= 1200rpm; n = 1164rpm in the same direction as the rotating field
b. f
2
= 1.8Hz
c. Stator field rotates at n
s
= 1200rpm
d. Speed of rotor field relative to:
i. Rotor = slip speed = sn
s
= 36rpm, in the same direction as the rotor
ii. Stator = synchronous speed n
s
= 1200rpm
iii. Stator rotating field = stationary = 0rpm

9. PC Sen, Problem 5.5 (a)
Not asked it Test