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Introduction
Almost all wire products are produced
from coiled wire drawn from either
chemically or mechanically descaled
rod. Due to economic and environmen-
tal considerations chemical descaling
(pickling and liming) has become a
thing of the past, with two possible
exceptions:
1. Cold-heading-quality wire which
requires an extremely clean surface
for enhancing the extrusion process.
2. Plating-quality wire which requires
an extremely clean surface for elec
tro-chemical bonding, and appear-
ance purposes.
Virtually all other wire products can,
and should, be produced from mechani-
cally-descaled material especially parts
that are subsequently plastic coated or
painted.
Mechanical descaling can be accom-
plished either at the wire mill or, bet-
ter yet, immediately before the wire is
converted into its final or semi-finished
form. The problem of providing suitable
coatings or corrosion resistance when
descaled and drawn wire is produced at
a remote wire mill precludes procuring
mechanically-descaled wire from these
commercial mills. Therefore, the most
practical method of producing this mate-
rial is just before the wire is converted
into a straightened, formed, or welded
part on site. This especially applies
when wire diameter is .218 (5.5 mm)
and larger which permits combination
single-hole drawing and descaling.
RMG
Mechanical
Descalers
Material costs usually constitute over 50% of the total manufacturing costs.
These costs can be cut 20% by mechanically descaling in-house.
3.1
Economic Considerations
Almost any company that purchases
cold-drawn wire can lower costs and
improve productivity by procuring inex-
pensive green (non-descaled) rod and
producing their own cleaned and drawn
wire in-line with their existing produc-
tion process. Two immediate cost ben-
efits will be realized:
1. Material costs can be cut 20%.
2. Since rod coils are usually available
in weights that are double the weight
of wire coils, the production pro-
cess can become much more efficient
because of the longer sustained pro-
duction runs with minimum time lost
for coil changeover.
Reverse-Bending Mechanical
Descalers
There are two principle methods of
mechanical descaling: Shot-blasting and
reverse-bending.
Shot-blasting is usually confined to rod
diameters larger than .625 (16 mm).
Reverse-bending the rod is predomi-
nantly done on rod diameters less than
.625 (16 mm). This simple process
employs, in most cases, two sheaves
oriented at right angles to each other.
The rod is pulled over and through the
sheaves which causes reverse flexing
and both compresive and tensile bend-
ing on all four sectors of the rod.
The combination of the reverse bending
and stretching forces causes the rod to
severely elongate and, in fact, it is this
elongating process that causes the scale
to break away from the surface of its
steel parent. Steel is relatively elastic;
the laminar ferrous oxide scale is almost
completely inelastic and easily fractures
and falls away from the rod.
The amount of scale, and the strength
of the bond which holds it to the rods
surface, varies with the rod mills manu-
facturing practices and is controllable.
It is important to tell your rod supplier
that you plan to mechanically-descale
the rod. The mill can then contribute
to somewhat easier scale removal by
controlling rod production time and
temperatures. Keeping the rods surface
dry and storing indoors also facilitates
scale removal.
The amount of elongation imposed
on the rod as it traverses through the
descaler is a direct function of the
pitch diameter of the reverse-bending
sheaves. Scale starts to break loose at an
elongation of about 5%. At 8% to 9%
most of the scale has broken off.
Cleaning Techniques
The breaker rolls can only reverse-bend
the wire. Residual dust and scale must
be cleaned off the rod before descaling
is considered complete. The air wipe
method using a carbide-inserted guide
assembly has proven to be the most eco-
nomic and effective method of surface
dust removal. Using an exiting air-wipe
assembly and a liquid lube box on the
wire drawing machine provides the best
combination for effectively cleaning
the material especially when the lube
system includes a recirculating pump,
a particle settling tank, and a filtering
system.
ROCKFORD MANUFACTURING GROUP INC.
14343 INDUSTRIAL PARKWAY SOUTH BELOIT, ILLINOIS 61080
PHONE 815.624.2500 FAX 815.624.7254 EMAIL: rmgfelm@rmgfelm.com Website: www.rmgfelm.com 7/06
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RMG
MD-10 Descaler
Attachment
For in-line wire drawing machines...
diameter range 7/32 (5.5 mm) through 13/32 (10.0 mm)
General Specifications
The RMG MD-10 Mechanical Descaler
provides the industrys simplest and
most practical system for scale breaking
and removal. The MD-10 consists of
four principle parts:
1. An entrance guide assembly with
hardened guide rollers.
2. A two-roll reverse bending assembly
with replaceable carbide inserts.
3. A carbide-inserted air wipe assembly
for blowing off residual dust. Air
consumption is very low. When used
with a wire drawer, an electrically-
interlocked solenoid valve is pro-
vided which automatically shuts off
air supply when the wire drawer
stops.
4. A hinged, covered enclosure with
facilities for connecting to a dust
collecting unit for accumulation and
removal of scale.
The MD-10 accommodates two rod
diameter ranges: 7/32 (5.6 mm) to
9/32 (7.1 mm) using 2.5 (63.5 mm)
pitch-diameter breaker rolls and 9/32
(7.1 mm) to 13/32 (10.4 mm) using
3.25 (82.5 mm) diameter breaker rolls.
The MD-10 descaler is designed to be
used with RMG in-line wire drawers
that have provision for attaching the
descaler. Existing wire drawers can be
modified in order to accept a descaler.
RMGs Model 67 28 (700 mm)
capstan wire drawer is used, in most
cases, to provide the tractive drawing
force for pulling the rod through the
descalers breaker rolls and for drawing
the wire. However, on relatively slow-
speed applications of about 100 fpm
(31 m/min) and slower, it is possible to
adapt a smaller Model 56 (24/600 mm
capstan), providing the wire diameter
after drawing will be under .200
(5.0 mm).
3.2
Features and Benefits
Simplicity and Ease of Set-up: designed
to permit the operator to set-up the
machine quickly and easily.
Easy Scale Removal: for either dump-
ing into tote pans or for use with central
station scale-handling and dust collect-
ing equipment.
RMG Model 67 In-Line Wire Drawing
Machine with standard frame MD-10
Descaler attachment.
RMG Model 67 In-Line Wire Drawing Machine with reverse frame MD-10 Descaler attach-
ment. This configuration is typically used in wire products applications.
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ROCKFORD MANUFACTURING GROUP INC.
14343 INDUSTRIAL PARKWAY SOUTH BELOIT, ILLINOIS 61080
PHONE 815.624.2500 FAX 815.624.7254 EMAIL: rmgfelm@rmgfelm.com Website: www.rmgfelm.com
MD-10 Descaler Set-up
8. ...and
through the
exiting end
of the des-
caler. Note
that the air
wipe assem-
bly has al-
ready been
removed.
9. Slide the air
wipe assem-
bly over the
head-end of
the rod.
11. Insert air
wipe into
housing
and secure
using latch-
ing lever.
12. Connect
the air sup-
ply to the
air wipe
connector.
10. Before
replacing
air wipe,
push wire
end through
draw box
and attach
gripper
chain.
13. Wire drawing can now begin.
CAUTION AT START-UP: Observe
loop in descaler to insure it does not
get caught as it initially forms
around vertical roll. CLOSE COVER
prior to operation.
11/06
1. Point head-
end of rod.
2. Use file to
remove fins
or flash.
4. Insert
pointed end
through des-
caler en-
trance and
pull out
approxi-
mately elev-
en feet
beyond draw
box.
5. Bend back
toward rear
of machine
forming
hairpin
and push
loop over
horizontal
roll...
6. ...and then
underneath
and around
vertical roll...
7. ...and up
around and
over the
top...
3.3
3. Remove air
wipe.
CAUTION:
OBSERVE ALL BASIC
SAFETY
PRECAUTIONS
DURING
DESCALER SET-UP.
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RMG
MD-14 Descaler
Attachment
For in-line wire drawing machines...
diameter range 7/32 (5.5 mm) through 9/16 (14.0 mm)
Features and Benefits
RMGs larger MD-14 Mechanical Descalers pro-
vide the same features available on the smaller
MD-10 descalers, including these advantages:
1. An entrance guide assembly with
hardened guide rollers.
2. A two-roll reverse bending assembly with
replaceable carbide inserts.
3. A carbide-inserted air wipe assembly for blow
ing off residual dust. Air consumption is very
low. When used with a wire drawer, an elec-
trically-interlocked solenoid valve is provided
which automatically shuts off air supply when
the wire drawer stops.
4. A spring counter-balanced, hinged
covered enclosure with facilities for
connecting to a dust collecting unit for accu-
mulation and removal of scale.
5. The industrys easiest set-up
mechanism for 9/16 (14.0 mm) rod.
(See reverse for set-up procedure.)
6. Free-standing construction ready for instal-
lation in front of an RMG in-line wire drawing
machine. Risers to match any wire line height
are quoted separately.
7. Machines available for either left-to-right
(reverse frame) or right-to-left
(standard frame) rod flow.
8. The industrys huskiest sealed bearing assem-
bly using standard bearings.
3.4
Roller assembly showing construction of
carbide-inserted roller, shaft, and bearing
housing. The entire assembly is held in place
by four bolts and can very easily be removed
from the descaler for routine servicing.
RMG MD-14 Mechanical Descaler shown
with High Speed Model 910 Wire Drawer.
8. Connect the
air supply to
the air wipe
connector.
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ROCKFORD MANUFACTURING GROUP INC.
14343 INDUSTRIAL PARKWAY SOUTH BELOIT, ILLINOIS 61080
PHONE 815.624.2500 FAX 815.624.7254 EMAIL: rmgfelm@rmgfelm.com Website: www.rmgfelm.com
MD-14 Descaler Set-up
7/06
3.5
9. Align wire
with rollers;
use bar, if
necessary, to
position wire.
10. Insert bar
into pivoting
assembly and
rotate.
11. Continue
rotating pivot-
ing assembly.
12. Move bar
to second hole
in pivoting
assembly and
continue
rotating until
it locks into
place.
13. Raise roller
assembly to
vertical posi-
tion.
14. Lower
hold-down
roller assembly
and lock by
sliding handle
forward.
1. Point head-
end of rod.
3. Remove
guide roller,
as shown.
4. Remove air
wipe.
5. Push wire
through des-
caler and hang
airwipe on
wire. DO NOT
reinsert airwipe
at this time.
6. Insert wire
through draw-
box and attach
gripper chain.
7. Insert air
wipe into hous-
ing and secure
using latching
lever.
15. Use pry
bar to posi-
tion wire in
between guide
rollers.
16. Replace
guide roller.
17. Replace
pry bar.
Finished set-
up position is
pictured here.
CLOSE DOOR
prior to opera-
tion.
2. Use file to
remove fins or
flash.
CAUTION:
OBSERVE ALL BASIC
SAFETY
PRECAUTIONS
DURING
DESCALER SET-UP.