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# Describe the forces that act on this boulder.

## The forces acting on it are balanced.

Recall: Law of Inertia
Balanced forces acting on an object
Net force acting on the object is zero.

=
0

Translational
Equilibrium
pp 107-110
condition in which the net force acting on the object is zero
Translational Equilibrium
At rest
( = 0)
Uniform Motion
( = & )
Static
Equilibrium
Dynamic
Equilibrium

For an object in translational
equilibrium, the forces acting on
an object are ___________.
balanced
(balanced, unbalanced, equal to zero)
Since this boulder is at rest, it is in _______________.
static equilibrium
Assuming that it is on a flat horizontal surface,
what forces act on the boulder?

and

will cancel
each other.

They are equilibrant
of each other.
Compare the magnitude and direction of these forces.
Equilibrant force
- Force that will cancel out the
effects of the other forces
Since it moves with constant velocity, it is in
_____________.
dynamic equilibrium
Consider this car that moves with constant
velocity.
Which force is the equilibrant of the thrust?
equilibrant of the cars weight?

Exercise 1 (Standing Still)
A box stands still on the floor. If the mass
of the box is 80 kg, how much normal force
does the floor exert on it?
Exercise 1 (Standing Still)
F
N
= 784 N F
G
= -784 N
So that the net force would be zero, the
Normal Force must be equal in magnitude with
the Gravitational Force BUT opposite in
direction.
The Normal Force in the situation is
called the Equilibrant of the Gravitational
Force.
T
2
= 2.24 N
T
1

T
3
= 3.0 N
45
How much
tension (T
1
)
is in the
left string?
26.57
T
1
T
2

T
3

A spider hangs
motionless to its web
tension T
1
and T
2
are both
0.2 N, what is the weight
of the spider? Let be
equal to 52.
Exercise 4 (Almost Slipping)

A box stands still on an inclined plane due
to the friction that the plane surface exerts on
the box. If the mass of the box is 40 kg, how
much (a) friction and (b) normal force is
exerted on the box? Let the angle of inclination
of the plane be equal to 24.
Exercise 4 (Almost Slipping)
Diagram:
Given:
F
G

F
N

f
s

F
Gx

F
Gy

m
block
= 40 kg = 24
o

Required:
F
N
= ? f
s
= ?

Exercise 4 (Almost Slipping)
What is the equilibrant of static friction?

Summary
When the net force acting on an object is
zero (F=0), it could either be in static
equilibrium (at rest) or dynamic
equilibrium (moving at a constant velocity).

The equilibrant of a force is equal in
magnitude but opposite the direction of
that force.