Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 56

DESIGN OF SHORE PILE WITHOUT BRACING

(WITHOUT SURCHARGE PRESSURE)

hw

Free height =

12 ft

h1 =

39 ft

26 ft

O''
h

51

ft

Pa
D

25 ft

Pw
Pp

0
soil pressure
=
12268 psf

soil pressure
=
1500.21 psf

water pressure
=
2402.4 psf

INPUT DATA
Length of free end

26 ft

Embedment length

24.5 ft

Angle of internal friction (above dredge line)

33 deg

Angle of internal friction (below dredge line)

36 deg

Dia of pile

20 inch

Spacing of pile

2.5 ft

Unit wt of soil (Wet)

130 lb/ft3

Unit wt of soil (Dry)

y'

100.77 lb/ft3

Unit wt of water

yw

62.4 lb/ft3

Depth water table from EGL

12 ft

Factor of safety

1.5

eqn =

CALCULATION
Active earth pressure coeff

Ka =

0.295

Passive earth pressure coeff =

Kp =

3.85

Active soil pressure

Water pressure

Passive earth pressure

Ka

y'

1500 psf

yw

h1 =

2402.4 psf

12268 psf

Pa

37.88 kip/ft of width

Pw

46.246 kip/ft of width

Pp

150.28 kip/ft of width

kp

Taking moment about O


Assuming

D= 24.50 ft
Mo

If FS =

29.4 ft

55.4 ft

1.5

then
Total length of pile

26 ft
10.0 kip

14 ft
6.12 kip

O''

moment about O''

116 kip-ft

Total length of pile

52 ft

dia of pile

20 in

As

5.56

Use

12

sq. in

20 mm dia bar

DESIGN OF SHORE PILE WITHOUT BRACING

(WITH SURCHARGE PRESSURE)

hw

Free height =

12 ft

26 ft

O''

30 ft
h

53

Ps

ft
h1 =

41 ft

Pa
D

27 ft

Pw
Pp

o
soil pressure
=
13345 psf

soil pressure
=
1564.08 psf

water pressure
=
2536.56 psf

surcharge pressure
=
353.76 psf

INPUT DATA
Length of free end

26 ft

Embedment length

26.65 ft

Angle of internal friction (above dredge line)

33 deg

Angle of internal friction (below dredge line)

36 deg

No. of storey of building adjacent to the boundary


Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL)

=
w

6 storied
200 psf

Dia of pile

24 inch

Spacing of pile

2.5 ft

Unit wt of soil (Wet)

130 lb/ft3

Unit wt of soil (Dry)

y'

100.77 lb/ft3

Unit wt of water

yw

62.4 lb/ft3

Depth water table from EGL

12 ft

Factor of safety

1.5

eqn =

CALCULATION
Active earth pressure coeff

Ka =

0.295

Passive earth pressure coeff =

Kp =

3.85

Surcharge pressure

Ka

Active soil pressure

Ka

Water pressure

Passive earth pressure

kp

200 x

6 =

353.76 psf

y'

1564 psf

yw

h1 =

2537 psf

13345 psf

Pa

41.174 kip/ft of width

Pw

51.556 kip/ft of width

Ps

10.613 kip/ft of width

Pp

177.82 kip/ft of width

Taking moment about O


Assuming

D= 26.65 ft
Mo

If FS =

1.5

then
Total length of pile

31.98 ft

57.98 ft

5 kip
14 ft
2.9 kip

2 ft
0.12 kip

O''

moment about O''

48 kip-ft

Total length of pile

57 ft

dia of pile

24 in

As

10.54

Use

20

111.18

sq. in

20 mm dia bar

DESIGN OF BRACED SHORE PILE

(WITH SURCHARGE PRESSURE)

12 ft
O

hw

Free height =

12 ft

26 ft

O''
30 ft
h

36.5 ft
h1 =

25 ft

Pa
D

11 ft

Pw
Pp

soil pressure
=
5257.76 psf

soil pressure
=
1084.31 psf

water pressure
=
1528.8 psf

surcharge pressure
=
353.76

INPUT DATA
Length of free end

26 ft

Embedment length

10.5 ft

Angle of internal friction (for free end portion)

33 deg

Angle of internal friction (for embedment portion)

36 deg

No. of storey of building close to the boundary


Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL)

=
w

6 storied
200 psf

Dia of pile

Spacing of pile

2 ft

Depth of bracing from EGL

12 ft

Spacing of bracing

8 ft

20 inch

Unit wt of soil (Wet)

130 lb/ft3

Unit wt of soil (Dry)

y'

100.77 lb/ft3

Unit wt of water

yw

62.4 lb/ft3

Depth water table from EGL

12 ft

Factor of safety

CALCULATION

eqn =

Active earth pressure coeff

Ka =

0.295

Passive earth pressure coeff =

Kp =

3.852

Surcharge pressure

Ka

Active soil pressure

Ka

Water pressure

Passive earth pressure

kp

200 x

6=

353.76 psf

y'

1084 psf

yw

h1 =

1528.8 psf

5258 psf

Pa

19.789 kip/ft of width

Pw

18.728 kip/ft of width

Ps

10.613 kip/ft of width

Pp

27.603 kip/ft of width

Taking moment about O


Assuming

D= 10.50 ft
Mo

If FS =

14.7 ft

40.7 ft

21.526 kip

172.21 kip

then

Total length of pile

now

R/ 8
R

12 ft
21.53

kip

9.2 kip
26 ft
14 ft

10.0 kip

14 ft
6.12 kip

O''

moment about O''

-66 kip-ft

Ps

surcharge pressure
353.76 psf

DESIGN OF BRACED SHORE PILE

(By free end method)


[Teng, Page 380]

(CONSIDERING SURCHARGE PRESSURE)

12 ft
O

hw

Free height =

26 ft

12 ft

h1 =
soil pressure
= 772 psf

14 ft

5.33 ft
14

Pa

22 ft
O''

9.3 ft

15 ft

Pw
30 ft

h2 =

= 37 ft

2.0 ft

Pa'
water pressure
=
873.6 psf

11 ft
D1 =
Pp

soil pressure
=
3071.35 psf

9 ft

For Granuar Soil

INPUT DATA
Length of free end

26 ft

D1 =

9 ft

Angle of internal friction (above dredge line)

33 deg

Angle of internal friction (below dredge line)

36 deg

No. of storey of building close to the boundary


Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL)

=
w

6 storied
200 psf

Dia of pile

20 inch

Spacing of pile

2.25 ft

Depth of bracing from EGL

12 ft

Spacing of bracing

20 ft

Unit wt of soil (Wet) above dredge line

130 lb/ft3

Unit wt of soil (Dry) above dredge line

y'

100.77 lb/ft3

Unit wt of water

yw

62.4 lb/ft3

Unit wt of soil (Dry) below dredge line

yb'

95 lb/ft3

Depth water table from EGL

12 ft

Factor of safety

eqn =

-24

CALCULATION
Active earth pressure coeff. (above dredge line)

Ka =

0.295

Active earth pressure coeff. (below dredge line)

Kba =

0.260

Passive earth pressure coeff (below dredge line)

Kp =

3.852

200 x

6=

353.76 psf

Surcharge pressure

Ka

Active soil pressure

Ka

y'

772.38 psf

(above dredge line)

Active soil pressure

Kb a

yb'

680.2 psf

(below dredge line)

Water pressure

yw

h1 =

873.6 psf

pp-pa

341.26 psf

680.2 psf

1.99 ft

3071 psf

yb'

(kp-kba)

pa'
h2

Passive earth pressure

pa' / (pp-pa)
(pp-pa)

D1

Pa

10.041 kip/ft of width

Pa'

0.6779 kip/ft of width

Pw

6.1152 kip/ft of width

Ps

10.613 kip/ft of width

Pp

13.821 kip/ft of width

Taking moment about O

Assuming

D= 10.99 ft
Mo

-24

15.39 ft

Total length of pile

41.39 ft

Given length

45 ft

13.626 kip

354.27 kip

If FS =

R/ 20

Reaction per bracing

then

now

effective

R
(increase 30%)

Maximum moment

13.63 kip
x=

Ka =

0.295

Kba =

0.260

Kp =

3.852

y'

100.77 lb/ft3

yw

62.4

lb/ft3

yb'

95

lb/ft3

12 ft

19.5 ft

19.5 ft
7.5

579 psf

7.5 ft

26 ft
14 ft

10.0 kip

14 ft

468 psf

Let us assume point of zero shear i.e. point of maximum moment at x below EGL

354 psf

let

19.5 ft

equn =

-0.6756

6.165

Maximum moment

Moment at 27 ft from EGL

12 ft

Ka =

0.295

Kba =

0.260

Kp =

3.852

13.63 kip

9.55 kip
27 ft
15 ft

10.8 kip

1 ft
O''
dredge line

354 psf
point of maximum moment

14 kip-ft/ft width

31 kip-ft

1.5*85 =

47 kip-ft

Negative moment per pile


Ultimate moment

100.770 lb/ft3

yw

62.400 lb/ft3

yb'

95.000 lb/ft3

15 ft
7.02 kip

moment about O''

y'

Designing as a circular column from STAAD-Pro,


As

5.78

sq. inch

---

Use 12-20 mm dia

Ps

surcharge pressure
=
353.76 psf

DESIGN OF BRACED SHORE PILE

(By free end method)


[Teng, Page 380]

(CONSIDERING SURCHARGE PRESSURE)

4 ft
R

4 ft

6 ft

12 ft

26 ft
22 ft
22 ft

14 ft
h

= 37.8 ft

30 ft

O''
Y=

11.76

2.66

ft

ft
D1= 9.1 ft

For Granuar Soil

INPUT DATA
Length of free end

26 ft

Depth of passive pressure

D1

9.101 ft

No. of storey of building close to the boundary


Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL)

=
w

eqn =

56

6 storied

200 psf

Assumed depth of isolated footing of this building

6 ft

Assumed depth of influence of surcharge pressure (5xB)

30 ft

Dia of pile

20 inch

Spacing of pile

2.25 ft

Depth of bracing from EGL

4 ft

Spacing of bracing

20 ft

Depth water table from EGL

12 ft

Angle of internal friction (above dredge line)

30 deg

Angle of internal friction (below dredge line)

35 deg

Unit wt of soil (Wet) above dredge line

125 lb/ft3

Unit wt of soil (Dry) above dredge line

y'

120 lb/ft3

Unit wt of water

yw

62.4 lb/ft3

Unit wt of soil (Dry) below dredge line

yb'

95 lb/ft3

(assuming B = 6 ft)

Factor of safety (F.S.)

CALCULATION
Active earth pressure coeff. (above dredge line)

Ka

0.333

Active earth pressure coeff. (below dredge line)

Ka' =

0.271

Passive earth pressure coeff (below dredge line)

Kp

3.690

Calculation of Earth pressure


4 ft
120 x

12 =
14 =

480 psf
12 ft

x
125 x

1440
0.33 =

480 psf

(dry)

0.33 =

583 psf

(wet)

0.27 =

864 psf

1750
x
22 ft

3190

14 ft
x

583 psf

pp'-pa'

=
Y

yb'

(kp-ka')

864

325

0.33 x

200 x

324.82 psf

2.66 ft
Y=

Surcharge pressure

6=

2.66

ft

400.0 psf

864.458 psf

pp'-pa'

325

D1

surcharge pressure
=
400.00 psf

CALCULATION OF EMBEDMENT DEPTH

Taking moment about bracing level


4 ft

12 ft
2880 #

2880 x

6720 x

11520

ft-lb

15 =

100800

ft-lb

4083.3 x

17.3 =

70777.8

ft-lb

1150.3 x

22.9 =

26327.1

ft-lb

12000 x

17 =

8 ft

22 ft

14 ft
6720 #

ft

4083.33 #

204000 ft-lb
413424.885 ft-lb

26834 #

Y=

2.66

ft

1150.3 #

Now,

Pp =
equ

By trial

Pp x

D1

413424.89

56

Therefore total embedment required,

0
=

11.76

Therefore minimum pile length required,

42.5 ft

Provided length of pile

45 ft

13452.2 #

For
D=

F.S. =
11.76

ft

2
x

1.4

Pp

325 x

D12
D1 =

9.101 ft

equn =

0.5 x

16.5 ft

O.K.

9.1 ft

now
R=

T/ 20

26834 -

13452.224 =

13381.4 #

(30% increment for bracing & wale design)

13381.4 x

Reaction per bracing,

17.40

1.3 =

20

17395.84

348

kip

(Use for bracing & wale design)

Calculation Maximum Moment


z
Let the point of zero shear be at z below water level

4 ft
=
=

Then

0.33
x
41.7 z

480 psf

125 z

12 ft

equn is

z ft
13381.41

2880

480 z

400.00 ( z +

6)

0.5 x

41.7 z2

22 ft
14 ft

By trial

7.775 ft
583 psf

equn =

Maximum Moment

2.66 ft
864.458 psf
2880 x

11.8

3732 x

3.89

14508.2 ft-lb

1259.4 x

2.59

3263.91 ft-lb

13.8 =

5510 x

6.89

37950.1 ft-lb
89634 ft-lb

13381 x
Maximum moment

15.8

=
=
=

211091 ft-lb
121457 ft-lb
121
kip-ft

480 x

7.78 =

41.7 x

z2

33912

ft-lb

325
0.5 x

400.00 x

9.1 ft

2956.21 psf

surcharge pressure
=
400.00 psf

Negative moment per pile


Ultimate moment=

273.28 x

273 kip-ft
1.5

410

kip-ft

charge pressure

6 ft

30 ft

6 ft

30 ft
12000 #

charge pressure

6 ft

30 ft

DESIGN OF BRACED SHORE PILE

(By free end method)


[Teng, Page 380]

4 ft

(WITH SURCHARGE PRESSURE)

R1
hw

12 ft

h1 =
soil pressure
= 772 psf

14 ft

12 ft
Free height =

26 ft

R2

13.3 ft
22

Pa

30.5 ft
O''

17.3 ft

15 ft

Pw
30 ft

h2 =

= 38 ft

2.2 ft

Pa'
water pressure
=
873.6 psf

12 ft
D1 =
Pp

soil pressure
=
2924.55 psf

9.4 ft

For Granuar Soil

INPUT DATA
Length of free end

26 ft

D1 =

9.4 ft

Angle of internal friction (above dredge line)

33 deg

Angle of internal friction (below dredge line)

36 deg

No. of storey of building close to the boundary


Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL)

=
w

6 storied
200 psf

Dia of pile

Spacing of pile

2.25 ft

Depth of 1st layer bracing from EGL

4 ft

Depth of 2nd layer bracing from EGL

12 ft

Spacing of bracing

20 ft

20 inch

Unit wt of soil (Wet) above dredge line

130 lb/ft3

Unit wt of soil (Dry) above dredge line

y'

100.77 lb/ft3

Unit wt of water

yw

62.4 lb/ft3

Unit wt of soil (Dry) below dredge line

yb'

86.61 lb/ft3

12 ft

Depth water table from EGL

eqn =

-2

Factor of safety

CALCULATION
Active earth pressure coeff. (above dredge line)

Ka =

0.295

Active earth pressure coeff. (below dredge line)

Kba =

0.260

Passive earth pressure coeff (below dredge line)

Kp =

3.852

200 x

6=

353.76 psf

Surcharge pressure

Ka

Active soil pressure

Ka

y'

772.38 psf

(above dredge line)

Active soil pressure

Kb a

yb'

680.2 psf

(below dredge line)

Water pressure

yw

h1 =

873.6 psf

pp-pa

311.12 psf

680.2 psf

2.19 ft

2925 psf

yb'

(kp-kba)

pa'
h2

Passive earth pressure

pa' / (pp-pa)
(pp-pa)

D1

Pa

10.041 kip/ft of width

Pa'

0.7436 kip/ft of width

Pw

6.1152 kip/ft of width

Ps

10.613 kip/ft of width

Pp

13.745 kip/ft of width

Taking moment about O


Assuming

D=

11.59 ft

Mo

If FS =

Total length of pile

R/ 20

then

now

-2

=
R

16.221 ft

42.221 ft

13.767 kip

275.34 kip

(increase 30%)

4 ft
13.77 kip
x=

16.9 ft

16.9 ft
501 psf 12.9 ft
9.2 kip
26 ft
22 ft

10.0 kip

14 ft

804 psf
6.12 kip

O''

Let us assume point of zero shear i.e. point of maximum moment at x below EGL
let

16.88 ft

354 psf

equn =
Maximum moment

-1.115 kip
-80.89 k-ft

moment about O''

-68 kip-ft

###

Ps

surcharge pressure
=
353.76 psf

Design of bracing
U channel size

10 in
4 in

Compressive stress

18 ksi

Area of U-channel

8.8 sq. in.

capacity of bracing

2*8.8*40

Length of bracing

44 ft

Wt of U-channel

30 lb/ft

Load per each temporary column

316.8 kip

2.64 kip

212701.5

6.875 ft

212836.8
-135.3346