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# DESIGN OF SHORE PILE WITHOUT BRACING

## (WITHOUT SURCHARGE PRESSURE)

hw

Free height =

12 ft

h1 =

39 ft

26 ft

O''
h

51

ft

Pa
D

25 ft

Pw
Pp

0
soil pressure
=
12268 psf

soil pressure
=
1500.21 psf

water pressure
=
2402.4 psf

INPUT DATA
Length of free end

26 ft

Embedment length

24.5 ft

33 deg

36 deg

Dia of pile

20 inch

Spacing of pile

2.5 ft

130 lb/ft3

y'

100.77 lb/ft3

Unit wt of water

yw

62.4 lb/ft3

## Depth water table from EGL

12 ft

Factor of safety

1.5

eqn =

CALCULATION
Active earth pressure coeff

Ka =

0.295

Kp =

3.85

Water pressure

Ka

y'

1500 psf

yw

h1 =

2402.4 psf

12268 psf

Pa

Pw

Pp

kp

## Taking moment about O

Assuming

D= 24.50 ft
Mo

If FS =

29.4 ft

55.4 ft

1.5

then
Total length of pile

26 ft
10.0 kip

14 ft
6.12 kip

O''

116 kip-ft

52 ft

dia of pile

20 in

As

5.56

Use

12

sq. in

20 mm dia bar

## (WITH SURCHARGE PRESSURE)

hw

Free height =

12 ft

26 ft

O''

30 ft
h

53

Ps

ft
h1 =

41 ft

Pa
D

27 ft

Pw
Pp

o
soil pressure
=
13345 psf

soil pressure
=
1564.08 psf

water pressure
=
2536.56 psf

surcharge pressure
=
353.76 psf

INPUT DATA
Length of free end

26 ft

Embedment length

26.65 ft

33 deg

36 deg

## No. of storey of building adjacent to the boundary

Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL)

=
w

6 storied
200 psf

Dia of pile

24 inch

Spacing of pile

2.5 ft

130 lb/ft3

y'

100.77 lb/ft3

Unit wt of water

yw

62.4 lb/ft3

## Depth water table from EGL

12 ft

Factor of safety

1.5

eqn =

CALCULATION
Active earth pressure coeff

Ka =

0.295

## Passive earth pressure coeff =

Kp =

3.85

Surcharge pressure

Ka

Ka

Water pressure

kp

200 x

6 =

353.76 psf

y'

1564 psf

yw

h1 =

2537 psf

13345 psf

Pa

Pw

Ps

Pp

## Taking moment about O

Assuming

D= 26.65 ft
Mo

If FS =

1.5

then
Total length of pile

31.98 ft

57.98 ft

5 kip
14 ft
2.9 kip

2 ft
0.12 kip

O''

48 kip-ft

57 ft

dia of pile

24 in

As

10.54

Use

20

111.18

sq. in

20 mm dia bar

## (WITH SURCHARGE PRESSURE)

12 ft
O

hw

Free height =

12 ft

26 ft

O''
30 ft
h

36.5 ft
h1 =

25 ft

Pa
D

11 ft

Pw
Pp

soil pressure
=
5257.76 psf

soil pressure
=
1084.31 psf

water pressure
=
1528.8 psf

surcharge pressure
=
353.76

INPUT DATA
Length of free end

26 ft

Embedment length

10.5 ft

33 deg

36 deg

## No. of storey of building close to the boundary

Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL)

=
w

6 storied
200 psf

Dia of pile

Spacing of pile

2 ft

## Depth of bracing from EGL

12 ft

Spacing of bracing

8 ft

20 inch

130 lb/ft3

y'

100.77 lb/ft3

Unit wt of water

yw

62.4 lb/ft3

12 ft

Factor of safety

CALCULATION

eqn =

Ka =

0.295

## Passive earth pressure coeff =

Kp =

3.852

Surcharge pressure

Ka

Ka

Water pressure

kp

200 x

6=

353.76 psf

y'

1084 psf

yw

h1 =

1528.8 psf

5258 psf

Pa

Pw

Ps

Pp

Assuming

D= 10.50 ft
Mo

If FS =

14.7 ft

40.7 ft

21.526 kip

172.21 kip

then

now

R/ 8
R

12 ft
21.53

kip

9.2 kip
26 ft
14 ft

10.0 kip

14 ft
6.12 kip

O''

## moment about O''

-66 kip-ft

Ps

surcharge pressure
353.76 psf

[Teng, Page 380]

12 ft
O

hw

Free height =

26 ft

12 ft

h1 =
soil pressure
= 772 psf

14 ft

5.33 ft
14

Pa

22 ft
O''

9.3 ft

15 ft

Pw
30 ft

h2 =

= 37 ft

2.0 ft

Pa'
water pressure
=
873.6 psf

11 ft
D1 =
Pp

soil pressure
=
3071.35 psf

9 ft

## For Granuar Soil

INPUT DATA
Length of free end

26 ft

D1 =

9 ft

33 deg

36 deg

## No. of storey of building close to the boundary

Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL)

=
w

6 storied
200 psf

Dia of pile

20 inch

Spacing of pile

2.25 ft

## Depth of bracing from EGL

12 ft

Spacing of bracing

20 ft

130 lb/ft3

y'

100.77 lb/ft3

Unit wt of water

yw

62.4 lb/ft3

yb'

95 lb/ft3

## Depth water table from EGL

12 ft

Factor of safety

eqn =

-24

CALCULATION
Active earth pressure coeff. (above dredge line)

Ka =

0.295

Kba =

0.260

## Passive earth pressure coeff (below dredge line)

Kp =

3.852

200 x

6=

353.76 psf

Surcharge pressure

Ka

Ka

y'

772.38 psf

Kb a

yb'

680.2 psf

Water pressure

yw

h1 =

873.6 psf

pp-pa

341.26 psf

680.2 psf

1.99 ft

3071 psf

yb'

(kp-kba)

pa'
h2

pa' / (pp-pa)
(pp-pa)

D1

Pa

Pa'

Pw

Ps

Pp

Assuming

D= 10.99 ft
Mo

-24

15.39 ft

41.39 ft

Given length

45 ft

13.626 kip

354.27 kip

If FS =

R/ 20

## Reaction per bracing

then

now

effective

R
(increase 30%)

Maximum moment

13.63 kip
x=

Ka =

0.295

Kba =

0.260

Kp =

3.852

y'

100.77 lb/ft3

yw

62.4

lb/ft3

yb'

95

lb/ft3

12 ft

19.5 ft

19.5 ft
7.5

579 psf

7.5 ft

26 ft
14 ft

10.0 kip

14 ft

468 psf

Let us assume point of zero shear i.e. point of maximum moment at x below EGL

354 psf

let

19.5 ft

equn =

-0.6756

6.165

Maximum moment

## Moment at 27 ft from EGL

12 ft

Ka =

0.295

Kba =

0.260

Kp =

3.852

13.63 kip

9.55 kip
27 ft
15 ft

10.8 kip

1 ft
O''
dredge line

354 psf
point of maximum moment

14 kip-ft/ft width

31 kip-ft

1.5*85 =

47 kip-ft

Ultimate moment

100.770 lb/ft3

yw

62.400 lb/ft3

yb'

95.000 lb/ft3

15 ft
7.02 kip

y'

As

5.78

sq. inch

---

## Use 12-20 mm dia

Ps

surcharge pressure
=
353.76 psf

[Teng, Page 380]

4 ft
R

4 ft

6 ft

12 ft

26 ft
22 ft
22 ft

14 ft
h

= 37.8 ft

30 ft

O''
Y=

11.76

2.66

ft

ft
D1= 9.1 ft

## For Granuar Soil

INPUT DATA
Length of free end

26 ft

D1

9.101 ft

## No. of storey of building close to the boundary

Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL)

=
w

eqn =

56

6 storied

200 psf

6 ft

30 ft

Dia of pile

20 inch

Spacing of pile

2.25 ft

## Depth of bracing from EGL

4 ft

Spacing of bracing

20 ft

12 ft

30 deg

35 deg

125 lb/ft3

y'

120 lb/ft3

Unit wt of water

yw

62.4 lb/ft3

## Unit wt of soil (Dry) below dredge line

yb'

95 lb/ft3

(assuming B = 6 ft)

## Factor of safety (F.S.)

CALCULATION
Active earth pressure coeff. (above dredge line)

Ka

0.333

Ka' =

0.271

Kp

3.690

## Calculation of Earth pressure

4 ft
120 x

12 =
14 =

480 psf
12 ft

x
125 x

1440
0.33 =

480 psf

(dry)

0.33 =

583 psf

(wet)

0.27 =

864 psf

1750
x
22 ft

3190

14 ft
x

583 psf

pp'-pa'

=
Y

yb'

(kp-ka')

864

325

0.33 x

200 x

324.82 psf

2.66 ft
Y=

Surcharge pressure

6=

2.66

ft

400.0 psf

864.458 psf

pp'-pa'

325

D1

surcharge pressure
=
400.00 psf

4 ft

12 ft
2880 #

2880 x

6720 x

11520

ft-lb

15 =

100800

ft-lb

4083.3 x

17.3 =

70777.8

ft-lb

1150.3 x

22.9 =

26327.1

ft-lb

12000 x

17 =

8 ft

22 ft

14 ft
6720 #

ft

4083.33 #

204000 ft-lb
413424.885 ft-lb

26834 #

Y=

2.66

ft

1150.3 #

Now,

Pp =
equ

By trial

Pp x

D1

413424.89

56

0
=

11.76

42.5 ft

45 ft

13452.2 #

For
D=

F.S. =
11.76

ft

2
x

1.4

Pp

325 x

D12
D1 =

9.101 ft

equn =

0.5 x

16.5 ft

O.K.

9.1 ft

now
R=

T/ 20

26834 -

13452.224 =

13381.4 #

13381.4 x

17.40

1.3 =

20

17395.84

348

kip

## Calculation Maximum Moment

z
Let the point of zero shear be at z below water level

4 ft
=
=

Then

0.33
x
41.7 z

480 psf

125 z

12 ft

equn is

z ft
13381.41

2880

480 z

400.00 ( z +

6)

0.5 x

41.7 z2

22 ft
14 ft

By trial

7.775 ft
583 psf

equn =

Maximum Moment

2.66 ft
864.458 psf
2880 x

11.8

3732 x

3.89

14508.2 ft-lb

1259.4 x

2.59

3263.91 ft-lb

13.8 =

5510 x

6.89

37950.1 ft-lb
89634 ft-lb

13381 x
Maximum moment

15.8

=
=
=

211091 ft-lb
121457 ft-lb
121
kip-ft

480 x

7.78 =

41.7 x

z2

33912

ft-lb

325
0.5 x

400.00 x

9.1 ft

2956.21 psf

surcharge pressure
=
400.00 psf

Ultimate moment=

273.28 x

273 kip-ft
1.5

410

kip-ft

charge pressure

6 ft

30 ft

6 ft

30 ft
12000 #

charge pressure

6 ft

30 ft

[Teng, Page 380]

4 ft

R1
hw

12 ft

h1 =
soil pressure
= 772 psf

14 ft

12 ft
Free height =

26 ft

R2

13.3 ft
22

Pa

30.5 ft
O''

17.3 ft

15 ft

Pw
30 ft

h2 =

= 38 ft

2.2 ft

Pa'
water pressure
=
873.6 psf

12 ft
D1 =
Pp

soil pressure
=
2924.55 psf

9.4 ft

## For Granuar Soil

INPUT DATA
Length of free end

26 ft

D1 =

9.4 ft

33 deg

36 deg

## No. of storey of building close to the boundary

Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL)

=
w

6 storied
200 psf

Dia of pile

Spacing of pile

2.25 ft

4 ft

## Depth of 2nd layer bracing from EGL

12 ft

Spacing of bracing

20 ft

20 inch

130 lb/ft3

y'

100.77 lb/ft3

Unit wt of water

yw

62.4 lb/ft3

yb'

86.61 lb/ft3

12 ft

## Depth water table from EGL

eqn =

-2

Factor of safety

CALCULATION
Active earth pressure coeff. (above dredge line)

Ka =

0.295

Kba =

0.260

## Passive earth pressure coeff (below dredge line)

Kp =

3.852

200 x

6=

353.76 psf

Surcharge pressure

Ka

Ka

y'

772.38 psf

Kb a

yb'

680.2 psf

Water pressure

yw

h1 =

873.6 psf

pp-pa

311.12 psf

680.2 psf

2.19 ft

2925 psf

yb'

(kp-kba)

pa'
h2

pa' / (pp-pa)
(pp-pa)

D1

Pa

Pa'

Pw

Ps

Pp

Assuming

D=

11.59 ft

Mo

If FS =

## Total length of pile

R/ 20

then

now

-2

=
R

16.221 ft

42.221 ft

13.767 kip

275.34 kip

(increase 30%)

4 ft
13.77 kip
x=

16.9 ft

16.9 ft
501 psf 12.9 ft
9.2 kip
26 ft
22 ft

10.0 kip

14 ft

804 psf
6.12 kip

O''

Let us assume point of zero shear i.e. point of maximum moment at x below EGL
let

16.88 ft

354 psf

equn =
Maximum moment

-1.115 kip
-80.89 k-ft

## moment about O''

-68 kip-ft

###

Ps

surcharge pressure
=
353.76 psf

Design of bracing
U channel size

10 in
4 in

Compressive stress

18 ksi

Area of U-channel

## 8.8 sq. in.

capacity of bracing

2*8.8*40

Length of bracing

44 ft

Wt of U-channel

30 lb/ft

316.8 kip

2.64 kip

212701.5

6.875 ft

212836.8
-135.3346