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*RUNALLOCATION

Allocation helps to distribute data from a source region to a target region using the specified driver.
Syntax
*RUNALLOCATION
*FACTOR=<driver>
*DIM P_ACCT WHAT=<soure>; WHERE=<target>; USING=<distribution key>; [TOTAL=
<distribution key>]
*DIM <other dimensions>
*ENDALLOCATION
WHAT (Source)
The source value represents the range of data values to be allocated by the allocation function. This value is
qualified by one or several tuples in the cube.
Possible WHAT options are:
Options Descriptions Example
Member A specified dimension base member. *DIM Region WHAT = US
[property]=property value A filter to select dimension members
based on a specified property and a
given value for that property.
*DIM Product_Group = [Fruit] =
"apples"
BAS All leaf level members of a specific
dimension parent member
*DIM Product_Group =
BAS(TotalProduct)
same as WHERE Use the same members defined in the
WHERE parameter for the specified
dimension
*DIM Account WHERE = Rent
*DIM Account WHAT = Rent
<> member The <> operand references all members
not equal to a defined member.
In the <>member mode, the member
should be base member in the
dimension.
If the <> is used, all other base members
in that dimension should be included in
the region.
*DIM Region USING <> Corp
Restriction of WHAT
You cannot use blank or [ALL] in WHAT condition.
Analytics Enterprise Performance Management Business Planning and Consolidation
7.5, version for SAP NetWeaver
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You cannot use non-base members with <>.
USING and TOTAL (Distribution key)
The basis of the allocation is the definition of a portion or complete source value to be allocated. The
method of defining the basis is the use of a factor. A factor can be the value or values that can be multiplied
or divided to derive a value (added or subtracted potential future support).
A factor can also derive values based on a defined region of data referred as using, or the basis region.
Possible USING and TOTAL options are:
Options Descriptions Example
Member A specified dimension base member. *DIM Region USING = US
BAS All leaf level members of a specific
dimension parent member
*DIM Product_Group =
BAS(TotalProduct)
same as WHERE Use the same members defined in the
WHERE parameter for the specified
dimension. The same dimension must be
for both WHERE and USING.
Note
WHERE only supports a single
member reference.
*DIM Account WHERE = Rent
*DIM Account USING =
PercentAcct
<> member The <> operand references all members
not equal to a defined member.
In the <>member mode, the member
should be base member in the
dimension.
If the <> is used, all other base members
in that dimension should be included in
the region.
*DIM Region USING <> Corp
[property]=property value A filter to select dimension members
based on a specified property and a
given value for that property.
*DIM Product_Group = [Fruit] =
"apples"
Restriction of USING
You cannot use >0. For example, USING = Amount >0 is not supported.
USING and TOTAL must have the same definition.
You cannot use non-base members with <>.
You cannot use parent member directly in USING. BAS(parent) is still allowed as described above.
FACTOR (Driver)
FACTOR can be used to define any arithmetic expression, written in the {expression} parameter, and can
contain operands, parentheses, constants, and one or both of the keywords USING and TOTAL,
representing respectively the amount coming from the USING region, the amount of the driver, and the
amount coming from the TOTAL region, the sum of the drivers.
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If FACTOR is omitted, the FACTOR defaults to 1.
If the arithmetic expression is omitted, the default is multiplication.
Possible FACTOR options are:
Options Descriptions Example
.8 Only a fixed amount is to be applied to
the source value for allocation.
Tuple value of the WHAT is 10 for product
A
10*.8 = 8
USING The value of the USING region defined is
used as the basis of the allocation. This
provides the ability to change values
without having to edit the definition of the
allocation.
Tuple value of the WHAT is 10 for product
A, tuple value of the USING is .8
10*.8 = 8
-1 * USING/100
Or
1 * USING/100
Calculation takes the defined region as
USING, and reverses the value
(negative), then divides the value by 100.
Tuple value of the USING region is 70 for
product A.
-70/100 = -.7
(-70%) (1-70)/100 = -.69 (-69%)
Note
This is used with driver accounts not
reporting values.
USING/TOTAL Calculation takes the region defined as
USING, and divides the total value for the
region defined as TOTAL.
Tuple value of USING region is 70 for
product A. The total of the TOTAL region
(tuples) is 700, assuming that the using
region is for all regions not just US.
70/700 = .1 (10%)
Basic Mathematical
expression with USING &
TOTAL
(For example, 1 + USING,
USING -1 , and 1 USING)
Calculation takes the region defined as
USING, and does the necessary
mathematical operations with the total
value for the region defined as TOTAL.
Tuple value of the USING region is 70 for
product A.
1+70 = 71
70 -1 = 69
1-70 = -69
Restriction of FACTOR
You cannot use any script logic keywords in FACTOR expression.
WHERE (Target)
The target identifies the tuples to which the values should be allocated. It represents dimension member
combinations to which the values should be distributed. The target identifies the dimension for which the
value of the members is modified as compared to the source, and only explicitly mentioned and
characterized dimension should be modified.
The keyword WHERE is used in combination with the keyword *DIM to identify the target dimension members
(the values to be modified against the source).
Possible WHERE options are:
Options Descriptions Example
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Options Descriptions Example
Member A specified dimension base member. *DIM Region WHERE = US
BAS All leaf level members of a specific
dimension parent member
*DIM Product_Group =
BAS(TotalProduct)
same as WHAT Use the same members defined in the
WHAT parameter for the specified
dimension
*DIM Account WHAT = Rent
*DIM Account WHERE = Rent
blank or [All] The ability to assume all base members
for given dimensions either via a blank
parameter or [ALL] key word
*DIM Entity =
*DIM IntCo = [ALL]
[property]=property value A filter to select dimension members
based on a specified property and a
given value for that property.
*DIM Product_Group = [Fruit] =
"apples"
Common Restriction
*APP (ability to write in different application if needed), COUNT and LIST keywords inside
RUNALLOCATION or any other options not mentioned above are not supported.
Examples
Example 1
The account RENT is entered in entity GLOBALOPS, inter-company NON_INTERCO. This amount must be
allocated using a percentage of allocation that is entered by the user in account PERCENT in the appropriate
entities and for the desired members of the CATEGORY, TIME, DATASRC, and RPTCURRENCY dimensions.
This allocation demonstrates the following features:
It uses the {dimensiontype}DIM keyword to identify the dimensions by type
It uses the <<< and >>> keywords to reference the definitions used to the left or to the right
Before Allocation
Source Account (RENT) data:
RENT CHINA China
RENT JAPAN Japan
RENT INDIA India
RENT ASAREST Rest of Asia
RENT ASA Asia 50,000,000.00
Driver (Percent Account) data:
PERCENT CHINA China 10.00
PERCENT JAPAN Japan 32.00
PERCENT INDIA India 8.00
PERCENT ASAREST Rest of Asia 50.00
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Syntax
*XDIM_MEMBERSET TIME=2006.SEP 01.
*XDIM_MEMBERSET P_ACCT=RENT,PERCENT 02.
*XDIM_MEMBERSET ENTITY=ASA,INDIA,CHINA,JAPAN,ASAREST 03.
*RUNALLOCATION 04.
*FACTOR=USING/100 05.
*DIM P_ACCT WHAT=RENT; WHERE=<<<; USING=PERCENT 06.
*DIM ENTITY WHAT=ASA; WHERE=INDIA,CHINA,JAPAN,ASAREST; USING=<<< 07.
*ENDALLOCATION 08.
After Allocation
RENT CHINA China 5,000,000.00
RENT JAPAN Japan 16,000,000.00
RENT INDIA India 4,000,000.00
RENT ASAREST Rest of Asia 25,000,000.00
RENT ASA Asia 50,000,000.00
Example 2
The account RENT is entered in entity GLOBALOPS, inter-company NON_INTERCO. This amount must be
allocated on the basis of the square meters of rented space used by all European entities.
This allocation demonstrates the following features:
Allocation uses historical rent as the driver
It uses the BAS( ) keyword to build a list of members
Before Allocation
Below is the history data shown for the 2008.JAN period. Asia is the parent node.
Entity CATEGORY 2008.JAN
Asia all ACTUAL
Asia ACTUAL
China ACTUAL 1,500.00
Japan ACTUAL 7,000.00
India ACTUAL 500.00
Rest of Asia ACTUAL 5,000.00
Planning Asia ACTUAL
Source Account (RENT) data:
To allocate 50,000 to base countries
This input can be received in the Planning Asia entity
Driver data:
The historical data is the Driver
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Syntax
*XDIM_MEMBERSET TIME=2008.JAN,2009.JAN 01.
*XDIM_MEMBERSET P_ACCT=RENT 02.
*XDIM_MEMBERSET CATEGORY=ACTUAL,PLAN 03.
*XDIM_MEMBERSET ENTITY=ASA,BAS(RASA) 04.
05.
//Create total rent data to be allocated. 06.
*WHEN ENTITY 07.
*IS "ASA" 08.
*REC (EXPRESSION=50000,TIME=2009.JAN,CATEGORY=PLAN) 09.
*ENDWHEN 10.
*COMMIT 11.
12.
//Allocate to base countries. 13.
*RUNALLOCATION 14.
*FACTOR=USING/TOTAL 15.
*DIM P_ACCT WHAT=RENT; WHERE=<<<; USING=<<<; TOTAL=<<< 16.
*DIM ENTITY WHAT=ASA; WHERE=BAS(RASA); USING=<<< TOTAL=<<< 17.
*DIM TIME WHAT=>>>; WHERE=2009.JAN; USING=2008.JAN; TOTAL=<<< 18.
*DIM CATEGORY WHAT=>>>; WHERE=PLAN; USING=ACTUAL; TOTAL=<<< 19.
*ENDALLOCATION 20.
21.
//Clear the total rent account. 22.
*WHEN ENTITY 23.
*IS "ASA" 24.
*REC (EXPRESSION=0,TIME=2009.JAN,CATEGORY=PLAN) 25.
*ENDWHEN 26.
After Allocation
Entity CATEGORY 2009.JAN
Asia all PLAN 50,000.00
Asia PLAN 50,000.00
China PLAN 7,500.00
Japan PLAN 35,000.00
India PLAN 2,500.00
Rest of Asia PLAN 5,000.00
Planning Asia PLAN
2009.JAN is posted with rents for individual countries based upon their historical share.
Example 3
The sum of all ADVERTISING expenses incurred by all European operations must be reallocated to each
European operation based on their external SALES.
This allocation demonstrates the following features:
It uses the DOT({type}) keyword to identify the dimensions by type
It demonstrates the ability to perform aggregations in the WHAT region (SALESEUROPE and
ALL_INTCO are parent members)
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It shows a many-to-one redirection of a dimension (it reads the sum of the Inter-company members
and writes it in the NON_INTERCO member of the INTCO dimension)
It shows a one-to-one redirection of a dimension (it reads the INPUT member and writes the results in
the ALLOCATED member of the DATASRC dimension)
Before Allocation
Source data History data for External Sales:
Actual Periodic 2008.JAN
Planning Asia
China 500,000
Japan 600,000
India 200,000
Rest of Asia 800,000
Asia 2,100,000
Asia all 2,100,000
Data to be allocated (ADVERTISING):
Plan Periodic 2009.JAN
Planning Asia 500,000
China
Japan
India
Rest of Asia
Asia
Asia all 500,000
Syntax
Factor: USING/TOTAL
APP or (Dim) or
VALUE
WHAT WHERE USING TOTAL
DOT(A) ADVERTISING <<< EXTSALES <<<
DOT(E) SALESEUROPE BAS(SALESEUROPE
)
<<< <<<
DOT(I) ALL_INTERCO NON_INTERCO >>> BAS(ALL_INTERCO
)
DATASRC INPUT ALLOCATED INPUT <<<
*RUNALLOCATION 01.
*FACTOR =USING/TOTAL 02.
*DIM P_ACCT WHAT=ADVERTISING; WHERE=<<<; USING=EXTSALES; 03.
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TOTAL=<<<
*DIM ENTITY WHAT=ASA; WHERE=BAS(RASA); USING=<<<; TOTAL=<<< 04.
*DIM INTERCO WHAT=WORLD_INTERCO; WHERE=I_NONE; USING=>>>;
TOTAL=BAS(World_InterCo)
05.
*DIM P_DATASRC WHAT=MANUAL; WHERE=ALLOCATED; USING=MANUAL;
TOTAL=<<<
06.
*DIM TIME WHAT=2009.JAN; WHERE=2009.JAN; USING=2008.JAN;
TOTAL=<<<
07.
*ENDALLOCATION 08.
After Allocation
Plan Periodic 2009.JAN
Planning Asia
China 119,048
Japan 142,857
India 47,619
Rest of Asia 190,476
Asia 500,000
Asia all 500,000
Example 4
This example implements the same scenario as example 3, but using a system variable for year.
(%YEAR%). This returns current calendar year. Assume that the script is for year 2009.
Before Allocation
Source data History data for External Sales:
Actual Periodic 2008.JAN
Planning Asia
China 500,000
Japan 600,000
India 200,000
Rest of Asia 800,000
Asia 2,100,000
Asia all 2,100,000
Data to be allocated (ADVERTISING):
Plan Periodic 2009.JAN
Planning Asia 500,000
China
Japan
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Plan Periodic 2009.JAN
India
Rest of Asia
Asia
Asia all 500,000
Syntax
Factor: USING/TOTAL
APP or (Dim) or
VALUE
WHAT WHERE USING TOTAL
DOT(A) ADVERTISING <<< EXTSALES <<<
DOT(E) SALESEUROPE BAS(SALESEUROPE
)
<<< <<<
DOT(I) ALL_INTERCO NON_INTERCO >>> BAS(ALL_INTERCO
)
DATASRC INPUT ALLOCATED INPUT <<<
*RUNALLOCATION 01.
*FACTOR =USING/TOTAL 02.
*DIM P_ACCT WHAT=ADVERTISING; WHERE=<<<; USING=EXTSALES;
TOTAL=<<<
03.
*DIM ENTITY WHAT=ASA; WHERE=BAS(RASA); USING=<<<; TOTAL=<<< 04.
*DIM INTERCO WHAT=WORLD_INTERCO; WHERE=I_NONE; USING=>>>;
TOTAL=BAS(World_InterCo)
05.
*DIM P_DATASRC WHAT=MANUAL; WHERE=ALLOCATED; USING=MANUAL;
TOTAL=<<<
06.
*DIM TIME WHAT=%YEAR%.JAN; WHERE=%YEAR%.JAN; USING=%YEAR%
(-1).JAN; TOTAL=<<<
07.
*ENDALLOCATION 08.
After Allocation
Plan Periodic 2009.JAN
Planning Asia
China 119,048
Japan 142,857
India 47,619
Rest of Asia 190,476
Asia 500,000
Asia all 500,000
Example 5
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All accounts in the profit and loss of category ACTUAL, for the three entities ITALY, FRANCE and UK, are
copied into the corresponding accounts of the entity GLOBALOPS for category BUDGET. This allocation is
basically an example of a simple copy action, which does not use FACTOR at all. In this example the engine
performs a one-to-one copy (ACTUAL into BUDGET) and a many-to-one copy (ITALY, FRANCE and UK are
added up and copied into GLOBALOPS).
Before Allocation
Actual Periodic 2007.DEC
UK (Great Britain) 30,000
Italy 10,000
France 10,000
Budget Periodic 2008.FEB
Global Operations
Syntax
Factor:
APP or (Dim) or VALUE WHAT WHERE
ACCOUNT [GROUP] = profit & loss <<<
CATEGORY ACTUAL BUDGET
ENTITY SALESITALY; SALESFRANCE;
SALESUK
GLOBALOPS
DOT(R) LC <<<
A property not supported in ALLOCATION replaces a property with variable using a select statement.
Ensure that the *SELECT statement selects only base members.
*XDIM_MEMBERSET ACCOUNT=ADVERTISING,EXTSALES 01.
*XDIM_MEMBERSET ENTITY=UK,ITALY,FRANCE,GLOBAL 02.
*XDIM_MEMBERSET P_DATASRC = INPUT 03.
*XDIM_MEMBERSET TIME = 2007.DEC,2008.JAN 04.
*XDIM_MEMBERSET CATEGORY = ACTUAL,BUDGET 05.
*XDIM_MEMBERSET INTCO= I_NONE 06.
*XDIM_MEMBERSET RPTCURRENCY = LC 07.
*SELECT(%ACCT%, "[ID]",ACCOUNT,"[CALC]='N'","[GROUP]='PL'") 08.
09.
*RUNALLOCATION 10.
*FACTOR= 11.
*DIM ACCOUNT WHAT=[GROUP]="PL" AND [CALC]="N"; WHERE=<<< 12.
*DIM CATEGORY WHAT=ACTUAL; WHERE=BUDGET 13.
*DIM ENTITY WHAT=UK,ITALY,FRANCE; WHERE=GLOBAL 14.
*DIM DOT(R) WHAT=LC; WHERE=<<< 15.
*DIM TIME WHAT=2007.DEC; WHERE=2008.FEB 16.
*ENDALLOCATION 17.
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After Allocation
Budget Periodic 2008.FEB
Global Operations 50,000
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and are not intended to be used in a productive system environment. The Code is only intended to better
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and completeness of the Code given herein, and SAP shall not be liable for errors or damages caused by
the usage of the Code, except if such damages were caused by SAP intentionally or by its gross
negligence.
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