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TYPICAL SUGGESTIVE SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM FOR POTABLE WATER SYSTEM

Flow

CASE
I
II
III
1.11 0.22

Pres.
TDS

3
900

Desc.

3
420

100

m3/hr
kg/cm2
100 mg/liter

HYDROPHORE

DM WATER STORAGE TANK

POTABLE WATER
PUMP

Flow

CASE
I
II
III
0.89 1.78

Pres. 5.35 5.23


TDS 5
5

Unit

IV

PT

Static Mixer
Desc.

Flow

kg/cm2
mg/liter

Pres.
TDS 500

Pres Flow
52 1.85

Max

Potable Water System Operating Pressure

Nor

50

3.23

Potable Water System Operating Pressure

4 kg/cm2

Min

40

8.09

TDS

Throat Pressure (Point 2)


Filtered Water Pressure (Point 3)

5 mg/liter

Operating Pressure Range

As per DM Water Quality

2.8 kg/cm2

Assumed

3 kg/cm2

Assumed

I
2

m /hr

5.2 kg/cm2
5 kg/cm2

DM Water Quality

Potable Water
Distribution

FT

Calculation
Potable Water System Operating Pressure

Filtered Water

NaOCl Dosing
1

Desc.

Unit

IV

Filtered Water Quality


Filtered Water Quality

TDS
TDS

900 mg/liter
100 mg/liter

Max
Min

Due to seasonal variation

Potable Water Quality


Potable Water Quality

TDS
TDS

500 mg/liter
50 mg/liter

Max
Min

As per WHO recommendation

CASE
II
III
2
50

50

IV

Unit
m3/hr

kg/cm2
50 mg/liter

Case I
Point 1
Flow Rate
Pipe Size (OD)
Pipe Thickness
Pipe Size (ID)
Velocity Through Pipe
Velocity at Throat

0.89
60.3
2.77
54.8
0.11

m3/hr
mm
mm
mm
m/sec

TDS levels in drinking water should prefrably be monitored specially when a reversed osmossis is used for
Source:
www.TDS in drinking water.

ecially when a reversed osmossis is used for raw water purification.A minimum TDS of 100mg/liter(100 ppm, parts per million) should be set . A maxim

ppm, parts per million) should be set . A maximum of 500mg/Liter(500 ppm) is the upper limit.Water with a TDS above 500 ppm will have a salty taste. S

a TDS above 500 ppm will have a salty taste. Studies by theWorld Health Organization also showed that water dranked by rats, dogs and cats with soli

water dranked by rats, dogs and cats with solids below 100 ppm had bad effects on the animal's stomach.

Pump Flow
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

Head
Developed
36.5
40.5
43.25
45.75
47
48.75
50.8
52.1
53.25
55

60
50
40
30
20

y = -0.0009x5 + 0.018x4 - 0.1281x3 + 0.3631x


54.956
R = 0.999

10

53.4004

0
0

y = -0.0009x5 + 0.018x4 - 0.1281x3 + 0.3631x2 - 1.8077x + 54.956


R = 0.999

2
5.20274

Head
Developed
36.5
40.5
43.25
45.75
47
48.75
50.8
52.1
53.25

Pump Flow

10
9

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

8
7
6
5
4
3
2

y = 8E-05x3 - 0.0282x2 + 1.5632x - 14.435


R = 0.998

1
0

40.5
7.93396

10

20

30

Head
Flow
y = -7E-07x5 + 0.0002x4 - 0.0195x3 + 0.961x2 - 22.832x + 221.27
R = 0.9984

40

50

Series1

Poly. (Series1)
0.1281x3 + 0.3631x2 - 1.8077x +
54.956
R = 0.999

10

Series1

Poly. (Series1)

14.435

50

60

TYPICAL SUGGESTIVE SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM FOR POTABLE WATER SYSTEM

Desc.
Flow
Pres.
TDS

CASE
Unit
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
1.11 0.22 1.11 0.22 0.14 0.03 m3/hr
3
3
3
3
3
3 kg/cm2
900 420 900 420 900 420 mg/liter

HYDROPHORE

DM WATER STORAGE TANK

NaOCl Dosing
1

2
CASE
Unit
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
Flow 0.89 1.78 0.89 1.78 0.11 0.22 m3/hr
Pres. 5.2 5.2
4
4
5.2
4 kg/cm2
TDS 5
5
5
5
5
5 mg/liter

PT

Static Mixer
Desc.
Flow

Pres Flow
52 1.85

Max

Potable Water System Operating Pressure

5.2 kg/cm2
5 kg/cm2

Nor

50

3.23

Potable Water System Operating Pressure

4 kg/cm2

Min

40

8.09

DM Water Quality

TDS

5 mg/liter

Operating Pressure Range

As per DM Water Quality

1000 kg/m3

Fluid Densit
Ejector Inlet Elevation
Ejector Thorat Elevation

0 m
0 m
2.8 kg/cm2

Throat Pressure (Point 2)


Filtered Water Pressure (Point 3)

3 kg/cm

Assumed

Assumed

Filtered Water Quality


Filtered Water Quality

TDS
TDS

900 mg/liter
420 mg/liter

Max
Min

Due to seasonal variation

Potable Water Quality


Potable Water Quality

TDS
TDS

500 mg/liter
50 mg/liter

Max
Min

As per WHO recommendation

I
2

Pres. 5.2
TDS 500

Calculation
Potable Water System Operating Pressure

Potable Water
Distribution

FT

Desc.

POTABLE WATER
PUMP

Filtered Water

II
2
5.2
50

CASE
III
IV
2
2
4
500

4
50

Unit
V
VI
0.25 0.25 m3/hr
5.2
4 kg/cm2
500 50 mg/liter

Throat Diameter Selection:


Case I
Point 1
Inlet Pressure

Throat Pressure

5.2 kg/cm
2.8 kg/cm2
m3/hr
mm
mm
mm
m/sec

Flow Rate
Pipe Size (OD)
Pipe Thickness
Pipe Size (ID)
Velocity Through Pipe

0.89
60.3
2.77
54.8
0.11

Velocity at Throat
Thorat Diameter

0.13 m/sec
50.1 mm

Ejector Inlet Diameter


Thorat Diameter Selected
Flow Rate
Velocity at Inlet
Velocity at Throat
Inlet Pressure
Pressure at Throat

:
:
0.89
0.11
1.41
5.2

m3/hr
m/sec
m/sec

kg/cm2
-976 kg/cm2

Case II
Point 1
Inlet Pressure

Corresponding Flow

979 kg/cm2
1.11 m3/hr

5.2 kg/cm
2.8 kg/cm2

Throat Pressure

Case III
Point 1
Inlet Pressure

Flow Rate
Pipe Size (OD)
Pipe Thickness
Pipe Size (ID)
Velocity Through Pipe

4 kg/cm
2.8 kg/cm2
0.89 m3/hr
60.3 mm
2.77 mm
54.8 mm
0.11 m/sec

0.22 m/sec
53.4 mm

Velocity at Throat
Thorat Diameter

m3/hr
m/sec
m/sec

Flow Rate
Velocity at Inlet
Velocity at Throat
Inlet Pressure

0.89
0.11
1.41
4

Flow Rate
Pipe Size (OD)
Pipe Thickness
Pipe Size (ID)
Velocity Through Pipe

1.78
60.3
2.77
54.8
0.21

Velocity at Throat
Thorat Diameter

m3/hr
mm
mm
mm
m/sec

Throat Pressure

Case IV
Point 1
Inlet Pressure

Flow Rate
Pipe Size (OD)
Pipe Thickness
Pipe Size (ID)
Velocity Through Pipe

4 kg/cm
2.8 kg/cm2
1.78 m3/hr
60.3 mm
2.77 mm
54.8 mm
0.21 m/sec

0.12 m/sec
52.1 mm

Velocity at Throat
Thorat Diameter

m3/hr
m/sec
m/sec

Flow Rate
Velocity at Inlet
Velocity at Throat
Inlet Pressure

1.78
0.21
2.8
4

Throat Pressure

Case V
Point 1
Inlet Pressure

Throat Pressure

Case V
Point 1
Inlet Pressure
Flow Rate
Pipe Size (OD)
Pipe Thickness
Pipe Size (ID)
Velocity Through Pipe

4 kg/cm2
2.8 kg/cm2
0.22 m3/hr
60.3 mm
2.77 mm
54.8 mm
0.03 m/sec

0.07 m/sec
23.7 mm

Velocity at Throat
Thorat Diameter

0.06 m/sec
37.7 mm

m3/hr
m/sec
m/sec

Flow Rate
Velocity at Inlet
Velocity at Throat
Inlet Pressure

0.22
0.03
0.35
4

5.2 kg/cm
2.8 kg/cm2

Flow Rate
Pipe Size (OD)
Pipe Thickness
Pipe Size (ID)
Velocity Through Pipe

0.11
60.3
2.77
54.8
0.01

0.22 m/sec
54 mm

Velocity at Throat
Thorat Diameter

m3/hr
m/sec
m/sec

Flow Rate
Velocity at Inlet
Velocity at Throat
Inlet Pressure

0.11
0.01
0.18
5.2

m3/hr
mm
mm
mm
m/sec

Throat Pressure

54.8 mm
15 mm
Flow Rate
Velocity at Inlet
Velocity at Throat
Inlet Pressure
Pressure at Throat

Thorat Diameter Selection is OK


Differential Pressure

1.78
0.21
2.8
5.2

kg/cm2
#### kg/cm2

Thorat Diameter Selection is OK

Pressure at Throat

Thorat Diameter Selection is OK

3904 kg/cm2
0.22 m3/hr

Differential Pressure

3904 kg/cm2
142 m3/hr

Differential Pressure

Corresponding Flow

DM Water Flow
DM Water TDS
Filter Water Flow
TDS

1.78
5
142
420

Total Flow Rate


TDS of Mixture

143 m3/hr
415 mg/liter

Differential Pressure
Corresponding Flow

kg/cm2
-978 kg/cm2

Pressure at Throat

Thorat Diameter Selection is OK

981 kg/cm2
1.11 m3/hr

Differential Pressure

981 kg/cm2
70.9 m3/hr

Differential Pressure

Corresponding Flow

DM Water Flow
DM Water TDS
Filter Water Flow
TDS

0.89
5
70.9
900

Total Flow Rate


TDS of Mixture

71.8 m3/hr
889 mg/liter

Corresponding Flow

kg/cm2
#### kg/cm2

Pressure at Throat

Thorat Diameter Selection is OK

3905 kg/cm2
0.22 m3/hr

Differential Pressure

3905 kg/cm2
142 m3/hr

Differential Pressure

Corresponding Flow

DM Water Flow
DM Water TDS
Filter Water Flow
TDS

1.78
5
142
420

Total Flow Rate


TDS of Mixture

143 m3/hr
415 mg/liter

Corresponding Flow

kg/cm2
-10 kg/cm2

Pressure at Throat

kg/cm2
-57 kg/cm2

Thorat Diameter Selection is OK

10.1 kg/cm2
0.14 m3/hr

Differential Pressure

10.1 kg/cm2
7.21 m3/hr

Differential Pressure

Corresponding Flow

DM Water Flow
DM Water TDS
Filter Water Flow
TDS

0.11
5
7.21
420

Total Flow Rate


TDS of Mixture

7.33 m3/hr
414 mg/liter

Corresponding Flow

m3/hr
m/sec
m/sec

Corresponding Flow

57 kg/cm2
0.03 m3/hr

Considering Design Differential Pressure and Corresponding Flow as


Differential Pressure

Corresponding Flow

Acutal Condition for Filtered Water Line


Differential Pressure
979 kg/cm2
Corresponding Flow

70.9 m3/hr

Acutal Flow Condition


DM Water Flow
DM Water TDS
Filter Water Flow
TDS

0.89
5
70.9
900

Total Flow Rate


TDS of Mixture

71.8 m3/hr
889 mg/liter

m3/hr
mg/liter
m3/hr
mg/liter

Check Potable Water Quality

0.24 kg/cm2
1.11 m3/hr

Differential Pressure

m3/hr
mg/liter
m3/hr
mg/liter

Potable Water Quality is OK

m3/hr
mg/liter
m3/hr
mg/liter

Check Potable Water Quality

m3/hr
mg/liter
m3/hr
mg/liter

Potable Water Quality is OK

m3/hr
mg/liter
m3/hr
mg/liter

Potable Water Quality is OK

Corresponding Flow

57 kg/cm2
17.1 m3/hr

DM Water Flow
DM Water TDS
Filter Water Flow
TDS

0.22
5
17.1
420

Total Flow Rate


TDS of Mixture

17.3 m3/hr
415 mg/liter

m3/hr
mg/liter
m3/hr
mg/liter

Potable Water Quality is OK