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Anger-Islamic Perspective
Anger is one of those human weaknesses which, most of the time, causes many
different troubles.It creates numerous social problems. Most of the crimes are
committed when a person is in a state of rage and loses his mental control. It also
causes many physical problems. It is one of the important reasons of high bloodpressure, hypertension, loss of facial beauty and other related diseases. The
Prophet (saw) himself was a soft person and he has taught humanity to control
their anger as much as possible.
The most difficult task for an individual is to control his inner-self (nafs). The
Prophet (saw) says: The real wrestler and fighter is not the one who defeats his
opponent in fight but the one who controls himself at the time of anger (Al
Bukhari and Al Muslim). Once a man asked the Prophet (saw) to advice him
something. The Prophet said: Make it a habit to control your anger. This man
asked to advice something else but the Prophet repeated the same sentence
(Bukhari). It is possible that the prophet knew about the habit of this man getting
One of the methods of teaching religion is that the teacher should control his
temperament. The Prophet (saw) says: Teach people religion, provide them
religious education and make education easy and interesting. When you feel anger,
then you should keep quiet. He repeated the last sentence three times (Musnad e
Ahmed and Tibrani).
Some methods of controlling anger are suggested by Isalm. The Prophet (saw)
says: Anger is from the influence of Satan (getting out of control in anger). The
origin of Satan is fire and fire is put off through water, therefore whenever you feel
anger, perform ablution (wuzu) (Abu Dawood). Another method taught by the
Prophet is that when one feels anger, he should sit down if he is standing or if he
still feels anger, he should lie down (Ahmed, Tirmizi).
The Prophet (saw) has also given good news of paradise to those who control
anger. The one who controls his anger, Allah will stop His anger upon him on the
Day of Judgment (Behaqi). At another place the Prophet (saw) says: The one
who controls his anger and neglects his rage though he has the power to punish his
opponent, Allah will present him on the Day of Judgment in front of others and He

will give him a chance to choose one of the Hoors of paradise Tirmizi, Abu

Control Your Tongue- An Islamic Perspective

Most of the conflicts in this world arise from our speech whether they are personal,
national or even international. We say something without realizing the deep effects
and results leaving behind us. The roots of most of the psycho problems are in the
use of uncontrolled use of tongue. We cannot imagine those deep scars we leave
behind when we insult a person abusing them or using a sarcastic language. The
holy Prophet Mohammad (saw) has stopped us hurting others. Many Ahadith of
the Prophet (saw) ask us to avoid such words which hurt others.
In a long Hadith, the Prophet emphasized on encouraging the worshipping of God
through prayers, charity, fasting and pilgrimage to Makkah (Hajj) but at the end of
the Hadith, he says that all these things are useless. Then he held his tongue and
said: control it and do not be careless of using it. One of the companions
said: Will Allah ask us about whatever we say? The Prophet said: Yes, many
people will go to hell because of their careless and bad speech (Ahmed-TirmiziIbn e Majah).
In another Hadith the Prophet says: The person who takes the responsibility of his
tongue and his sexuality (unlawful use of sex), I take his responsibility to paradise
(Bukhari). In another Hadith, a companion asked the Prophet: What may be most
dangerous in my life? The Prophet held his tongue and said: This is the most
dangerous (Tirmizi). In another Hadith, the Prophet said: The one who keeps
quiet has saved himself (from troubles in this world and accountability in the
Hereafter) (Ahmed-Tirmizi).
A companion asked the Prophet: How can I save myself in the Hereafter? The
Prophet said: Control your tongue, love your home and weep over your sins
(Tirmizi). Once the Prophet said to Abu Zar Ghaffari: Shall I tell you two things
which are easy in their burden but have a heavy weight on your deeds? Abu Zar
said:Why not? He said: Try to be quiet most of the time and be good to people.
Once the Prophet said: It is better to be alone rather than sitting with bad people,
and it is better to sit with good friends than sitting alone. To tell people good things
is better than keeping quiet and it is better to keep quiet than talking nonsense and
useless (Al Behaqi).

EXAMINER TIPS for O Level Islamiyat 2058

These tips are to help you when revising and highlight some of the common mistakes made
by students in their exam papers.
General advice
Preparing to get a good grade begins as soon as you start your course. You can prepare by:
finding out what you need to know.
keeping your notes organised so you always know where to find information you have
knowing how your exam papers are structured and practising past questions.
Your notes and preparing for the exam
Download a copy of the Revision Checklist from Cambridge Students and read through it. Be
really clear what topics you need to know then check that your notes are complete and make
sense. If you need further advice, speak to your teacher who will have a full copy of the
Try to produce an accurate set of notes when you do the work in the first place, but if you
need to improve your notes you could:
ask a friend if you can copy up work which you have missed from them but make sure
you understand it,
find more information on topics you have studied, using your textbook, the library or the
Internet. For it to be useful make sure that you fully understand it if not ask your
buy a good revision guide if you can find one in a bookshop.
Answering the questions in the examination
Read the instructions on the cover of the exam paper carefully so you know what you
need to do and how many questions you need to answer.
Make sure you use your time carefully. Each paper now is of equal length. You should
practise the amount of time it takes to answer each question, taking in account the
number of marks available. In question 1 there are only 8marks available, so you
shouldnt need to spend as much time on this question as the other, which are worth 14
marks. However, this does meant that you will have to know the question 1 topic very
well to allow you to write an accurate and concise answer.
Read the questions carefully. This is very important as many students know a topic but
lose marks because they have not read the question carefully and so have answered it
incorrectly. When you answer questions on the paper think very carefully about what is
being asked. Try to learn how to respond to command words like Identify, Outline,
Describe, and Explain. It is important that you answer the question and do not fall into
the trap of just writing down everything you know.
Answer the questions in order of how confident you are leave the one you are not
confident about until last.
Do not repeat the same answer in different sections. Examiners do not set questions
which require identical answers, if you find you are repeating an answer check that you

have read the question properly.

Try to answer all the questions required for the paper, in other words, you should have
answered four questions in total two compulsory questions and two optional questions.
Do not try to answer all five questions as it will mean you will take away valuable time that you
could spend on the other answers. Examiners do not credit you with more marks if
you have answered all five questions and so it is only a waste of your time.
Examiners are not testing your spelling, however you should try to make sure that you are
using the correct word as the examiner cannot chose for you. So in a question about the
Caliphs, if you say Abu Bakr instead of Umar, the examiner cannot assume that you
meant to say Umar.
Also, apart from the key words which you will learn in the Arabic as part of the syllabus,
e.g. zakat, musnad, qiyas, keep all your language in English. Examiners do not always
understand your mother tongue so will not know what you are trying to say if you use a
term which is culturally significant for you.
Make sure you know the meaning of all the words you are using.
Try not to generalise too much. Although some questions may be asking you to outline
or trace something, you should be as specific about the facts as possible. So in a
question where you have to outline the main events in Ramadan, saying The Quran
should be recited frequently is not enough to assume you know about the tarawih
prayers which are done nightly.
Try to understand the difference between part (a) questions which test your knowledge,
and part (b) questions which are there to test how well you understand the knowledge
you have learnt.
Understanding the difference between the different parts of questions
Part (a)
Questions require you to write full but accurate details about the topic in the question. This
does not mean that you should try to write all the information you have learnt on your course,
but keep to the area which has been set in the question. So a question like Describe the
main events of the Prophets migration, means that you should give the key facts related to
what happened when he left Makka, what happened on his journey, and briefly what
happened when he arrived in Madina. You should not give a detailed account of his life in
Makka, the revelations and the persecutions, and likewise you should not give a detailed
account of his first few years in Madina. Stick to the relevant facts.
Part (b)
Questions try to judge if you understand what you have learnt on your course. These are
called evaluative questions because they try to get you to explain something, give reasons for
something, or give your opinion on something. They are not worth as many marks as part (a)
so the answers should generally be shorter but to the point. However, shorter does not mean
vague or general. The answers should still be relevant, cover a few different points and not
be repetitive.
If a question asks e.g. Explain why this fast is important in Islam, answers such as Fasting
is of great importance to the Muslims will not gain marks as there has been no attempt to
suggest why it is important, e.g. because is gives self-control and discipline.
Use the glossary in the Revision Checklist to help you decide which command words are
asking you to write about the facts and which ones are asking you to give reasons.