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Hazard Communication Sheet

n-BUTANOL

C4H9OH

Butan-1-ol; n-Butyl Alcohol; 1-Butanol


o

DESCRIPTION

Colourless, liquid with a characteristic odour; m.p. 89 C; b.p. 118 C.


Slightly soluble in water. CAS: 71-36-3. UN number: 1120.

HEALTH HAZARDS

HARMFUL: Harmful if swallowed


Exposure to high vapour concentrations or swallowing may produce
central nervous system depression with headache, nausea,
giddiness, unconsciousness and death. If swallowed aspiration
into the lungs may cause fatal lung damage (pulmonary oedema).
Eye contact causes pain and irritation and may cause damage.
Liquid degreases the skin and may cause cracking..
Long-term exposure to high vapour levels may cause ear damage
resulting in hearing loss.

FIRST-AID

SAFETY HAZARDS

Inhalation: Remove from source of exposure. If breathing stops or shows signs of failing
apply artificial respiration. Use oxygen if breathing is laboured. Obtain medical help.
Skin Contact: Remove contaminated clothing and flush affected area with water for
at least 15 minutes. Treat patient as for inhalation. Obtain medical help.
Eyes: Flood with eyewash or water for at least 15 minutes. Obtain medical help.
Ingestion: Wash out mouth with water. Treat as for inhalation. Obtain medical help.
REACTS with alkali metals and strong oxidants liberating an EXTREMELY
FLAMMABLE gas (hydrogen).
EXPLOSIVE. Forms flammable/explosive vapour/air mixtures.
Take precautions against static discharges.
o

FLAMMABLE. Flash point 29 C. Explosive limits 1.4-11.3%.


For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant
foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water
spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Do not use straight streams of water. Use
self-contained breathing apparatus if fire is large or in a confined space.

FIRE

SPILLAGE

Refer to local spillage/emergency procedures.


Liquid can be absorbed using sand/proprietary adsorbent or transferred to a
suitable closed container. Contaminated adsorbent should be transferred into a
double polythene lined or other suitable container and disposed of as contaminated
waste. Use non-sparking tools and avoid sources of ignition. Clean up spills
immediately, observing precautions in the Exposure Controls section.

CONTAINMENT LEVEL 2

Refer to local procedures/risk assessment for


specific personal protective equipment
requirements. Chemical Protective Clothing and
Eye Protection must be worn where there is risk
of liquid contact. Respiratory Protective
Equipment and Local Exhaust Ventilation may
be required to protect against vapour.

OCCUPATIONAL
EXPOSURE LIMIT

Health & Safety Executive : Workplace Exposure Limit


-3
8-Hour TWA : None
15 minute TWA : 50 ppm (154 mgm )

EXPOSURE
CONTROLS

ISSUE

DATE:

Risk Assessment Services

2005

REF.

NUMBER:

053C99