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Adjectives

1.

Adjectives are words that tell us more about people, animals, places and things.

Examples
a.

Samy is a tall boy. (tall tells us about Samy)

b.

That thick book is very heavy. (thick tells us about the book)

c.

Wild animals are kept in cages in the zoo. (wild tells us about the

animals)
d.
2.

Dollah's grandfather is busy. (busy tells us about Dollah's grandfather)

We can also use adjectives to compare people, animals, places and things. There

are three degrees of comparison: positive, comparative and superlative.


The positive form of the adjective is used when no comparison is made.
Examples
a.

She is a smart girl.

b.

He is a fast runner.

c.

The cat is a quiet animal.

The positive form is also used when comparing two persons or things that are similar or equal.
Examples
a.

We are as slow as the other group.

b.

She is as kind as her father.

c.

Thomas is as hungry as his uncle

The comparative form is used when two unequal persons, places or things are compared.
The comparative form of many adjectives is formed by adding -er to the adjective followed by the word
'than'.
Examples
a.

He is older than my father.

b.

I am taller than my sister.

c.

They are younger than I am.

The comparative form of some adjectives is formed using 'more + adjective + than'.
Examples
a.

This problem is more difficult than that.

b.

My book is more interesting than yours.

c.

She is more hardworking than her brother.

The superlative form is used when three or more persons, places or things are compared.
The superlative form of many adjectives is formed by adding est to the adjective. We must
use the before the adjective.
Examples
a.

This is the shortest way to the post office.

b.

The 'Kancil' is the smallest car in Malaysia.

c.

Malek is the strongest boy in his class.

The superlative form of some adjectives is formed by adding most before the adjective.
Examples
a.

Harlina is the most beautiful girl in my village.

b.

Tan is the most hard-working boy in the school.

c.

Chun Chong is the most disobedient pupil in class.

Note: The spelling of some adjectives changes completely when they are used in the comparative and
superlative degrees.
LIST OF ADJECTIVES IN THE DIFFERENT DEGREES OF COMPARISON

Positive
active
bad
beautiful
big
black
bright
clean
clever
confused
cruel
dark
difficult
dirty
fascinating
famous
far
fast
fat
fierce
generous
good
graceful
great
handsome
hard-working
happy
heavy
important
kind
late
light
little
long

Comparative
more active
worse
more beautiful
bigger
blacker
brighter
cleaner
cleverer
more confused
crueler
darker
more difficult
dirtier
more fascinating
more famous
farther/further
faster
fatter
fiercer
more generous
better
more graceful
greater
more handsome
more hard-working
happier
heavier
more important
kinder
later
lighter
less
longer

Superlative
the most active
the worst
the most beautiful
the biggest
the blackest
the brightest
the cleanest
the cleverest
the most confused
the cruelest
the darkest
the most difficult
the dirtiest
the most fascinating
the most famous
the farthest/furthest
the fastest
the fattest
the fiercest
the most generous
the best
the most graceful
the greatest
the most handsome
the most hard-working
the happiest
the heaviest
the most important
the kindest
the latest
the lightest
the least
the longest

old
poor
proud
quiet
responsible
rich
sad
sharp
short
simple
slow
small
strange
strong
tall
thin
ugly
weak
wise
young

older
poorer
prouder
quieter
more responsible
richer
sadder
sharper
shorter
more simple
slower
smaller
stranger
stronger
taller
thinner
uglier
weaker
wiser
younger

the oldest
the poorest
the proudest
the quietest
the most responsible
the richest
the saddest
the sharpest
the shortest
the most simple
the slowest
the smallest
the strangest
the strongest
the tallest
the thinnest
the ugliest
the weakest
the wisest
the youngest