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# 4.

Convertion of slab load to equivalent udl for beam
beam by two ways.
The proposed building consists of six floor level slab including a staircase cover slab. This
building consists of one way(i.e. S2, S6 & S8) and two way slabs (i.e. slab S1, S3, S5, S7 & S8).
Load distribution of slabs are done according to the yeild pattern of slab (i.e. According to
yeild line theory). The load on beam supporting the slab carrying UDL is done accordance
with figure as shown below.

LY

A
E

B
F

LX
D

Figure 1

Above slab have four supporting beams.The Longer beams carry trapezoidal load and the
shorter beam carry triangular load. The following formula is used to convert plane trapezoidal and plane triangular load into linear load.
For figure 1
Let r= Lx/Ly <1

*Lx/3

## and trapezoidal load = *LX*r/(r+2)

Where, =intensity of load in KN/M2

18

02-102/117/127/137

###

6700

###

6100

###

4720

###

6100

###

###

6700

###
A'

Staircase

B'

###

C'

###

D'

###

1000

E'
1'

2'

3'

4'

5'

6'

FIRST FLOOR PLAN

19

## Note:- All dimensions are in mm

02-102/117/127/137

###

6700

###

6100

###

4720

###

## Note:- All dimensions are in mm

6100

###

###

6700

###
A'

Staircase

B'

###

C'

###

D'

###

E'
1'

2'

3'

4'

20

5'

6'

02-102/117/127/137

INTERMEDIATE FLOOR PLAN

###

6700

###

6100

###

4720

###

## Note:- All dimensions are in mm

6100

###

6700

###
A'

###

Staircase

B'

###

C'

###

D'

###

E'
1'

2'

3'

4'

21

5'

6'

02-102/117/127/137

1'

2'

3'

4'

5'

6'
4. GRAVITY

ROOF FLOOR PLAN

22

## Note:- All dimensions are in mm

02-102/117/127/137

4720

5200

1000

## Note:- All dimensions are in mm

ROOF FLOOR SLAB

22

02-102/117/127/137

22

02-102/117/127/137

## 4.1. CONVERSION OF SLAB LOAD TO EQUIVALENT UDL FOR BEAM

4.1.1 Roof slab above stair case
Length of Calculation
Avg Width Area U.L. (KN/m2)
LL
Beam beam A3-A4
projection slab Length (m) (m2) DL
of UDL
(m)
5.720
1.000
5.720
3.826
1.500
(m)
along beam
Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Slab
Ly
Lx
r=
A
-A
3
4
A3-A4
(m)
(m)
LL
4.720
above
Lx DL
due to
staircase
4.720 5.200 0.908 8.382 1.500
Total UDL=

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
4.637 1.818
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
13.188 2.360
17.825 4.178

Length of Calculation
Avg Width Area U.L. (KN/m2)
LL
Beam beam A3-B3
projection slab Length (m) (m2) DL
of UDL
(m)
6.200
1.000 6.200 3.826 1.500
(m)
along beam
Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Slab
Ly
Lx
r=
A
-B
3
3
A3-B3
(m)
(m)
LL
5.200
above
Lx DL
due to
staircase
4.720 5.200 0.908 8.382 1.500
Total UDL=

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
4.562 1.788
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
14.053 2.515
18.615 4.303

## 4.1.2 Roof floor slab

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
4.112 0.806
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
10.947 3.056
15.059 3.862
U.D.L. (KN/m)
Length of Calculation
Avg Width Area
2
Length
(m)
(m
)
DL
LL
Beam beam A2-A3
projection
slab
of UDL
(m)
6.100
1.000 6.100
3.826 0.750
(m)
along beam
Ly
U.D.L. (KN/m)
Ly
Lx
r=
A2-A3
A2-A3
(m)
(m)
DL
LL
6.100
Slab S5
Lx
due to
6.100 5.200 1.173
10.329 2.884
14.155 3.634
U.D.L. (KN/m)
Length of Calculation
Avg Width Area
2
Length
(m)
(m
)
DL
LL
Beam beam A3-A4
projection
slab
of UDL
(m)
4.720
1.000 4.720
3.826 0.750
(m)
along beam
U.D.L. (KN/m)
A
-A
3
4
DL
LL
A3-A4
4.720
due to
74.282
38.108
15.738 8.074
Total UDL= 19.564 8.824
Length of Calculation
Avg Width
Length
(m)
Beam beam A1-A2
projection
slab
of UDL
(m)
7.200
1.000
(m)
along beam
Ly
Lx
A1-A2
A1-A2
(m)
(m)
6.700
Slab S1
due to
6.700 5.200

Beam
B1-B2
B2-B3

## Length of Calculation of UDL along

beam (m)
beam due to
Slab S1
6.700
Slab S2
6.100

Slab S5
Slab S6

Ly
(m)
6.700
6.700
6.100
6.100

23

Area
(m2)
7.200
Ly
r=
Lx
1.288

U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
3.826 0.750
U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
5.373 1.500
Total UDL=
U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
3.826 0.750
U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
5.373 1.500
Total UDL=
U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
3.826 0.750

Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Lx
r=
(m)
LL
Lx DL
5.200 1.288 5.373 1.500
2.800 2.393 3.873 1.500
Total UDL=
5.200 1.173 5.373 1.500
2.800 2.179 3.873 1.500

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
10.947 3.056
5.907 2.288
16.854 5.344
10.329 2.884
5.654 2.190

02-102/117/127/137

## Beam Length of Calculation of UDL along

beam (m)
beam due to
Stair case

7.869 4.037
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
4.960 1.921
12.829 5.958
5.907 2.288
9.688 2.908
15.595 5.195
5.654 2.190
9.166 2.751
14.820 4.941
4.960 1.921
7.796 2.340
12.756 4.261
9.688 2.908
6.638 2.415
16.326 5.323

Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Lx
r=
(m)
LL
Lx DL
4.600 1.326 4.998 1.500
Width Area U.L. (KN/m2)
(m) (m2) DL
LL
1.000 5.600 3.826 0.750
Total UDL=
Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Lx
r=
(m)
LL
Lx DL
4.600 1.026 4.998 1.500
Width Area U.L. (KN/m2)
(m) (m2) DL
LL
1.000 4.720 3.826 0.750
Total UDL=

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
9.166 2.751
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
3.513 0.689
12.679 3.440
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
7.796 2.340
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
3.826 0.750
11.622 3.090

Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Lx
r=
(m)
LL
Slab S4
Lx DL
3.100 2.161 4.123 1.500
Avg Width Area U.L. (KN/m2)
LL
projection slab Length (m) (m2) DL
(m)
7.700
1.000 7.700 3.826 0.750
Total UDL=

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
6.638 2.415
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
4.397 0.862
11.036 3.277

U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
3.826 0.750
U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
5.373 1.500

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
4.194 0.822
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
9.313 2.600

B3-B4

4.720

C1-C2

6.700

Slab S2
Slab S3

C2-C3

6.100

Slab S6
Slab S7

C3-C4

4.720

Slab S8
Slab S9

D1-D2

6.700

Slab S3
Slab S4

Slab S8

Length of Calculation
Beam beam D2-D3
of UDL
(m)
along beam
D2-D3

6.100

D2-D3
due to

Length of Calculation
Beam beam D3-D4
of UDL
(m)
along beam
D3-D4

4.720

D3-D4
due to

Length of Calculation
Beam beam E1-E2
of UDL
(m)
along beam
E1-E2

6.700

E1-E2
due to

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL

## Total load due to staircase

37.141
19.054
Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Ly
Lx
r=
(m)
(m)
LL
Lx DL
4.720 2.800 1.686 3.873 1.500
Total UDL=
6.700 2.800 2.393 3.873 1.500
6.700 4.600 1.457 4.998 1.500
Total UDL=
6.100 2.800 2.179 3.873 1.500
6.100 4.600 1.326 4.998 1.500
Total UDL=
4.720 2.800 1.686 3.873 1.500
4.720 4.600 1.026 4.998 1.500
Total UDL=
6.700 4.600 1.457 4.998 1.500
6.700 3.100 2.161 4.123 1.500
Total UDL=

Slab S7

Ly
(m)
6.100

Avg
projection slab Length
(m)
5.600

Slab S9

Ly
(m)
4.720

Avg
projection slab Length
(m)
4.720

Ly
(m)
6.700

Length of Calculation
Avg Width
Beam beam A1-B1
projection slab Length (m)
of UDL
(m)
5.700
1.000
(m)
along beam
Ly
Lx
A1-B1
A1-B1
(m)
(m)
5.200
Slab S1
due to
6.700 5.200

24

Area
(m2)
5.700
Ly
r=
Lx
1.288

02-102/117/127/137

## Total UDL= 13.507 3.422

U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
3.826 0.750
U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
3.873 1.500
Total UDL=
U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
3.826 0.750
U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
4.998 1.500
Total UDL=
U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
3.826 0.750
U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
4.123 1.500
Total UDL=

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
3.826 0.750
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
3.615 1.400
7.441 2.150
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
3.826 0.750
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
7.664 2.300
11.490 3.050
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
4.443 0.871
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
4.260 1.550
8.704 2.421

Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Lx
r=
(m)
LL
Lx DL
5.200 1.288 5.373 1.500
5.200 1.173 5.373 1.500
Total UDL=
2.800 2.393 3.873 1.500
2.800 2.179 3.873 1.500
Total UDL=
4.600 1.457 4.998 1.500
4.600 1.326 4.998 1.500
Total UDL=
Width Area U.L. (KN/m2)
(m) (m2) DL
LL
1.000 3.100 3.826 0.750
Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Lx
r=
(m)
LL
Lx DL
3.100 2.161 4.123 1.500
Total UDL=

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
9.313 2.600
9.313 2.600
18.626 5.200
3.615 1.400
3.615 1.400
7.230 2.800
7.664 2.300
7.664 2.300
15.327 4.600
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
3.826 0.750
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
4.260 1.550
8.087 2.300

Length of Calculation
Avg Width
Length
(m)
Beam beam B1-C1
projection
slab
of UDL
(m)
2.800
1.000
(m)
along beam
Ly
Lx
B1-C1
B1-C1
(m)
(m)
2.800
Slab S2
due to
6.700 2.800

Area
(m2)
2.800
Ly
r=
Lx
2.393

Length of Calculation
Avg Width
Length
(m)
Beam beam C1-D1
projection
slab
of UDL
(m)
4.600
1.000
(m)
along beam
Ly
Lx
C1-D1
C1-D1
(m)
(m)
4.600
Slab S3
due to
6.700 4.600

Area
(m2)
4.600
Ly
r=
Lx
1.457

Length of Calculation
Avg Width
Length
(m)
Beam beam D1-E1
projection
slab
of UDL
(m)
3.600
1.000
(m)
along beam
Ly
Lx
D1-E1
D1-E1
(m)
(m)
3.100
Slab S4
due to
6.700 3.100

Area
(m2)
3.600
Ly
r=
Lx
2.161

Beam
A2-B2

## Length of Calculation of UDL along

beam (m)
beam due to
Slab S1
5.200
Slab S5

Ly
(m)
6.700
6.100

B2-C2

2.800

Slab S2
Slab S6

6.700
6.100

C2-D2

4.600

Slab S3
Slab S7

6.700
6.100

Length of Calculation
Avg
Length
Beam beam D2-E2
projection
slab
of UDL
(m)
3.100
(m)
along beam
Ly
D2-E2
D2-E2
(m)
3.100
Slab S4
due to
6.700

Beam

beam (m)
beam due to

Ly
(m)

Lx
(m)

r=

LL
DL
LL
Lx DL

A3-B3

5.200

Slab S5

6.100

B3-C3

2.800

Slab S6
Slab S8

6.100
4.720

C3-D3

4.600

Slab S7

6.100

## 2.800 2.179 3.873 1.500

2.800 1.686 3.873 1.500
Total UDL=
4.600 1.326 4.998 1.500

25

3.615
3.615
7.230
7.664

1.400
1.400
2.800
2.300

02-102/117/127/137

C3-D3

4.600

Slab S9

4.720

## 4.600 1.026 4.998 1.500 7.664 2.300

Total UDL= 15.327 4.600

Beam
A1-A2
A2-A3
A3-A4

Beam
B1-B2
B2-B3

beam (m)
beam due to
6.700
Slab S1
6.100
Slab S5
4.720

Staircase

beam (m)
beam due to
Slab S1
6.700
Slab S2
6.100

Slab S5
Slab S6

beam (m)
beam due to
Stair case
B3-B4

4.720
Slab S8

Beam
C1-C2

## Length of Calculation of UDL along

beam (m)
beam due to
Slab S2
6.700
Slab S3

Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Ly
Lx
r=
LL
(m)
(m)
Lx DL
6.700 5.200 1.288 7.376 4.000
6.100 5.200 1.173 7.376 4.000
74.282
38.108

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
15.028 8.150
14.180 7.690
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
15.738 8.074

Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Lx
r=
LL
(m)
Lx DL
5.200 1.288 7.376 4.000
2.800 2.393 5.932 4.000
Total UDL=
5.200 1.173 7.376 4.000
2.800 2.179 5.932 4.000
Total UDL=

## Total load due to staircase

74.282
38.108
Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Ly
Lx
r=
LL
(m)
(m)
Lx DL
4.720 2.800 1.686 5.932 4.000
Total UDL=

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
15.028 8.150
9.047 6.101
24.075 14.251
14.180 7.690
8.659 5.839
22.839 13.529
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
15.738 8.074
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
7.596 5.122
23.334 13.196

Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Lx
r=
(m)
LL
Lx DL
2.800 2.393 5.932 4.000
4.600 1.457 7.001 4.000
Total UDL=
2.800 2.179 5.932 4.000
4.600 1.326 7.001 4.000
Total UDL=
2.800 1.686 5.932 4.000
4.600 1.026 7.001 4.000
Total UDL=
4.600 1.457 7.001 4.000
3.100 2.161 6.126 4.000
Total UDL=

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
9.047 6.101
13.570 7.753
22.617 13.854
8.659 5.839
12.840 7.336
21.499 13.175
7.596 5.122
10.920 6.239
18.516 11.362
13.570 7.753
9.863 6.440
23.434 14.194

Ly
(m)
6.700
6.700
6.100
6.100

Ly
(m)
6.700
6.700

C2-C3

6.100

Slab S6
Slab S7

6.100
6.100

C3-C4

4.720

Slab S8
Slab S9

4.720
4.720

D1-D2

6.700

Slab S3
Slab S4

6.700
6.700

Beam

beam (m)
beam due to

Ly
(m)

Lx
(m)

r=

LL
DL
LL
Lx DL

D2-D3

6.100

Slab S7

6.100

D3-D4

4.720

Slab S9

4.720

## 4.600 1.026 7.001 4.000 10.920 6.239

E1-E2
A1-B1
B1-C1
C1-D1

6.700
5.200
2.800
4.600

Slab S4
Slab S1
Slab S2
Slab S3

6.700
6.700
6.700
6.700

3.100
5.200
2.800
4.600

26

2.161
1.288
2.393
1.457

6.126
7.376
5.932
7.001

4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000

9.863
12.785
5.536
10.735

6.440
6.933
3.733
6.133

02-102/117/127/137

D1-E1

3.100
Slab S4
Length of Calculation of UDL along
Beam
beam (m)
beam due to
Slab S1
A2-B2
5.200
Slab S5
B2-C2

Beam
C2-D2

Slab S2
Slab S6

2.800

beam (m)
beam due to
Slab S3
4.600
Slab S7

6.700
Ly
(m)
6.700
6.100

3.100
Lx
(m)
5.200
5.200

2.161
Ly
r=
Lx
1.288
1.173

6.700
6.100

2.800 2.393
2.800 2.179

Ly
(m)
6.700
6.100

Ly
Lx
r=
(m)
Lx
4.600 1.457
4.600 1.326

6.126 4.000
U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
7.376 4.000
7.376 4.000
Total UDL=
5.932 4.000
5.932 4.000
Total UDL=
U.L. (KN/m2)
DL
LL
7.001 4.000
7.001 4.000
Total UDL=

6.330 4.133
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
12.785 6.933
12.785 6.933
25.570 13.867
5.536 3.733
5.536 3.733
11.072 7.467
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
10.735 6.133
10.735 6.133
21.470 12.267

D2-E2

3.100

Slab S4

6.700

A3-B3

5.200

Slab S5

6.100

B3-C3

2.800

Slab S6
Slab S8

6.100
4.720

C3-D3

4.600

Slab S7
Slab S9

6.100
4.720

## 2.800 2.179 5.932 4.000

2.800 1.686 5.932 4.000
Total UDL=
4.600 1.326 7.001 4.000
4.600 1.026 7.001 4.000
Total UDL=

5.536
5.536
11.072
10.735
10.735
21.470

3.733
3.733
7.467
6.133
6.133
12.267

## 4.1.4 Load calculation in 1st floor

Due to projection slab only in beam D3-D4 in first floor,Loading due to slab is different only in beam
D3-D4 and UDL in beam D3-D4 is calculated as below.
Length of Calculation
Beam beam D3-D4
of UDL
(m)
along beam
D3-D4

4.720

D3-D4
due to

Ly U.L. (KN/m2)
Lx
r=
(m)
LL
Slab S9
Lx DL
4.600 1.026 7.001 4.000
Avg Width Area U.L. (KN/m2)
LL
projection slab Length (m) (m2) DL
(m)
4.720
1.000 4.720 3.826 0.750
Total UDL=
Ly
(m)
4.720

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
10.920 6.239
U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
3.826 0.750
14.746 6.989

## 4.1.5 UDL due to staircase in Tie beam B3-B4

Beam Length of Calculation of UDL along
beam (m)
beam due to
B3-B4
4.720
Stair case

U.D.L. (KN/m)
DL
LL
37.141
19.054
7.869 4.037

27

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## 4.2 CALCULATION OF SELFWEIGHT OF ELEMENTS

4.2.1 Self weight of beam
a) along X-X direction
Cross sectional size of beam=600 mm*350 mm
Slab thickness =100mm (Taking smallest slab thickness)
Self weight of beam = ( 0.600-0.100 )*0.300*25
= 3.750 KN/m

## b) along Y-Y direction

Cross sectional size of beam=500 mm*300 mm
Slab thickness =100mm (Taking smallest slab thickness)
Self weight of beam = ( 0.500-0.100 )*0.300*25
= 3.000 KN/m
4.2.2 Self weight of Brick wall
a) Parapet wall (230mm thick and 900mm height)
= 0.23(0.9-0.075)18.85
ii) 12.5mm thick two side plaster
= 0.0125(0.9-0.075)20.402
iii) R.C.C. Coping at top of wall
= 0.350.062525
b) Main outside Brick wall (230mm thick)
i) Along X-X direction
Height of wall
Using 12.5 mm cement plaster on both side of wall
Assuming 40% wall is covered by opening,then
ii) Along Y-Y direction
Height of wall
Using 12.5 mm cement plaster on both side of wall
Assuming 40% wall is covered by opening,then
iii) Along X-X direction for beam A3-A4 at roof floor
Height of wall (due to staircase beam)
Using 12.5 mm cement plaster on both side of wall
Assuming 40% wall is covered by opening,then
iv) Along X-X direction for tie beam A3-A4
Height of wall (due to staircase beam)

=
=
=
=
=

=
=
=
=
=

=
=
=
=

3.577
0.421
0.547
4.544

( 3.0-0.600 )
2.400*0.230*18.85
2*2.4*0.0125*20.4
(10.405+1.224)

KN/m
KN/m
KN/m
KN/m

= 2.400 m
= 10.405 KN/m
= 1.224 KN/m
= 11.629 KN/m
=

6.978 KN/m

= 2.500 m
(10.405+1.224)*0.6 = 10.839 KN/m
= 1.224 KN/m
= 12.063 KN/m
( 3.0-0.500 )
2.500*0.230*18.85 = 7.238 KN/m
2*2.4*0.0125*20.4
(10.839+1.224)
= 3.900 m
(10.839+1.224)*0.6 = 16.908 KN/m
= 1.989 KN/m
= 18.897 KN/m

=
=
=
=

( 3.0+1.5-0.600 )
3.900*0.230*18.85
2*3.9*0.0125*20.4
(16.908+1.989)

= 11.338 KN/m

=
= (10.405+1.224)*0.6 =
=

0.900 m
3.902 KN/m
0.459 KN/m

4.361 KN/m

= ( 3.0-1.5-0.600 )

28

02-102/117/127/137

Using 12.5 mm cement plaster on both side of wall

## c) Partition Brick wall (110mm thick)

i) Along X-X direction
Height of wall
Using 12.5 mm cement plaster on both side of wall
Assuming 40% wall is covered by opening,then
ii) Along Y-Y direction
Height of wall
Using 12.5 mm cement plaster on both side of wall
Assuming 40% wall is covered by opening,then

= 0.900*0.230*18.85
= 2*0.9*0.0125*20.4
= (3.902+0.459)

=
=
=
=

( 3.0-0.600 )
2.400*0.110*18.85
2*2.4*0.0125*20.4
(4.976+1.224)

= (4.976+1.224)*0.6

=
=
=
=

( 3.0-0.500 )
2.500*0.110*18.85
2*2.4*0.0125*20.4
(5.184+1.224)

=
=
=
=

2.400
4.976
1.224
6.200

m
KN/m
KN/m
KN/m

3.720 KN/m

=
=
=
=

2.500
5.184
1.224
6.408

3.845 KN/m

m
KN/m
KN/m
KN/m

= (5.184+1.224)*0.6
KN/m

## 4.3.3 Self weight of Column

Size of Column
Let's take unit Length of Column

= 500mm * 500mm
= 1.00m
= 0.50*0.50*25.0
= ###

## 4.4.4 Self weight of staircase

= 148.563 KN
= 76.216 KN

29

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30

02-102/117/127/137

900

50

75

350

## Fig. Parapet Wall

31

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32

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33

02-102/117/127/137

5.1 INTRODUCTION TO LATERAL LOAD ANALYSIS
Lateral load on the building frames are caused primarily by wind pressure. In addition to,EQ
shocks produce horizontal sway , which results in the inertia force acting horizontally on the
structure .For the reason mentioned above in the introduction topic, only the lateral load due
to the EQ shocks is dealt here . It was found by extensive o bservation that these horizontal
forces, rather than induced by the simultaneous verticle motion of the ground, are chiefly
responsible for the structural EQ damages . For this reason , building codes in the localities
with higher EQ incidence required that structural design .
To resist corresponding horizontail force , these horizontal forces have been computed using
SEISMIC COEFFICIENT METHOD following IS 1893 (part I) :2002. The horizontal forces due
to EQ shocks are determined and the next step was to find the design forces in the member
due to these lateral forces. The exact analysis of such forces requires very lengthy computation. In the most of the cases, however, such accurate determination are neither required nor
justified.

## 5.2 CALCULATION OF LUMP MASS

For span
SN
(m)
1
2
2.1
2.2
6.700
2.3
2.4
2.5
1
2
2.1
2.2
6.100
2.3
2.4
2.5
1
2
2.1
2.2
4.720
2.3
2.4
2.5
1
2
2.1
2.2
5.200
2.3
2.4

Element
Beam
Wall
230 mm wall with no opening
230 mm wall with 40% opening
110 mm partion wall
Partion wall with 40% opening
Parpet wall
Beam
Wall
230 mm wall with no opening
230 mm wall with 40% opening
110 mm partion wall
Partion wall with 40% opening
Parpet wall
Beam
Wall
230 mm wall with no opening
230 mm wall with 40% opening
110 mm partion wall
Partion wall with 40% opening
Parpet wall
Beam
Wall
230 mm wall with no opening
230 mm wall with 40% opening
110 mm partion wall
Partion wall with 40% opening

=

3.750 6.700

KN
=

23.250 KN

= 11.629 ( 6.700
= 6.978 ( 6.700
= 6.200 ( 6.700
= 3.720 ( 6.700
= 4.544 6.700
= 3.750 6.100

0.500
0.500
0.500
0.500

)
)
)
)

=
=
=
=
=
=

72.101
43.261
38.442
23.065
30.448
22.875

KN
KN
KN
KN
KN
KN

= 11.629 ( 6.100
= 6.978 ( 6.100
= 6.200 ( 6.100
= 3.720 ( 6.100
= 4.544 6.100
= 3.750 4.720

0.500
0.500
0.500
0.500

)
)
)
)

=
=
=
=
=
=

65.124
39.074
34.722
20.833
27.721
17.700

KN
KN
KN
KN
KN
KN

## = 11.629 ( 4.720 0.500

= 6.978 ( 4.720 0.500
= 6.200 ( 4.720 0.500
= 3.720 ( 4.720 0.500
= 4.544 4.720
= 3.000 5.200

)
)
)
)

=
=
=
=
=
=

49.075
29.445
26.166
15.699
21.450
15.600

KN
KN
KN
KN
KN
KN

## = 12.063 ( 5.200 0.500

= 7.238 ( 5.200 0.500
= 6.408 ( 5.200 0.500
= 3.845 ( 5.200 0.500

)
)
)
)

=
=
=
=

56.695
34.017
30.116
18.070

KN
KN
KN
KN

30

02-102/117/127/137

5.200

## 2.5 Parpet wall

For span
SN
(m)
1
2
2.1
2.2
2.800
2.3
2.4
2.5
1
2
2.1
2.2
4.600
2.3
2.4
2.5
1
2
2.1
2.2
3.100
2.3
2.4
2.5
3
3.1
3.2
4

Element
Beam
Wall
230 mm wall with no opening
230 mm wall with 40% opening
110 mm partion wall
Partion wall with 40% opening
Parpet wall
Beam
Wall
230 mm wall with no opening
230 mm wall with 40% opening
110 mm partion wall
Partion wall with 40% opening
Parpet wall
Beam
Wall
230 mm wall with no opening
230 mm wall with 40% opening
110 mm partion wall
Partion wall with 40% opening
Parpet wall
Column
Upto bottom of Smaller column
Rest of column
Staircase

4.544 5.200

23.629 KN

8.400 KN

=

3.000 2.800

KN

## = 12.063 ( 2.800 0.500

= 7.238 ( 2.800 0.500
= 6.408 ( 2.800 0.500
= 3.845 ( 2.800 0.500
= 4.544 2.800
= 3.000 4.600

)
)
)
)

=
=
=
=
=
=

27.744
16.647
14.738
8.843
12.723
13.800

KN
KN
KN
KN
KN
KN

= 12.063 ( 4.600
= 7.238 ( 4.600
= 6.408 ( 4.600
= 3.845 ( 4.600
= 4.544 4.600
= 3.000 3.100

0.500
0.500
0.500
0.500

)
)
)
)

=
=
=
=
=
=

49.457
29.674
26.272
15.763
20.902
9.300

KN
KN
KN
KN
KN
KN

= 12.063 ( 3.100
= 7.238 ( 3.100
= 6.408 ( 3.100
= 3.845 ( 3.100
= 4.544 3.100

0.500
0.500
0.500
0.500

)
)
)
)

=
=
=
=
=

31.363
18.818
16.660
9.996
14.086

KN
KN
KN
KN
KN

## = 6.250 ( 3.000 0.500 ) =

= 40.10.10.425
=

= 76.216 0.50

31

15.625 KN
0.400 KN

= 148.563 KN
= 38.108 KN
= 186.671 KN

02-102/117/127/137

500

500

100

400

500

300
300

## Fig. Sectional view of beam & column

32

02-102/117/127/137

33

02-102/117/127/137

## 5.2.2 Lumped load of slab

As per Art. IS 1893-1984, Clause 4.1
The earthquake force shall be calculated for the full dead load plus the percentage of imposed
SN
1
2

## Imposed Uniformly Distributed Floor loads (KN/m2)

Up to and including 3.0
Above 3.0

25
50

For calculating the design seismic force of the structure, the imposed load on the roof need not
be considered.
Area No of U.L.(KN/m2)
Floor
(m2)
Slab DL
LL
DL
LL
(KN)
slab (KN)
Cover
slab
24.544
1
8.382
0.000
205.739
0.000
205.739
Above
296.956
3.826 0.000 91.217
0.000 91.217
staircase Projection slab 23.840 1
Slab S1
34.840 2
5.373 0.000 374.391
0.000 374.391
Slab S2
18.760 2
3.873 0.000 145.315
0.000 145.315
Slab S3
30.820 2
4.998 0.000 308.077
0.000 308.077
Roof
Slab S4
20.770 2
4.123 0.000 171.269
0.000 171.269
Slab S5
31.720 2
5.373 0.000 340.863
0.000 340.863
2303.597
Slab Slab S6
17.080 2
3.873 0.000 132.302
0.000 132.302
Slab S7
28.060 2
4.998 0.000 280.488
0.000 280.488
Slab S8
13.216 1
3.873 0.000 51.186
0.000 51.186
Slab S9
21.712 1
4.998 0.000 108.517
0.000 108.517
Projection slab
### 1
3.826 0.000 391.191
0.000 391.191
Slab S1
34.840 2
7.376 2.000 513.960
### 653.320
Inter- Slab S2
18.760 2
5.932 2.000 222.550 75.040 297.590
mediate Slab S3
30.820 2
7.001 2.000 431.542
### 554.822
floor
Slab S4
20.770 2
6.126 2.000 254.474 83.080 337.554
(Second, Slab S5
31.720 2
7.376 2.000 467.933
### 594.813
3514.427
Third and Slab S6
17.080 2
5.932 2.000 202.620 68.320 270.940
Fourth) Slab S7
28.060 2
7.001 2.000 392.896 112.240 505.136
Slab S8
13.216 1
5.932 2.000 78.391 26.432 104.823
Slab S9
21.712 1
7.001 2.000 152.006 43.424 195.430
Slab S1
34.840 2
7.376 2.000 513.960
### 653.320
Slab S2
18.760 2
5.932 2.000 222.550 75.040 297.590
Slab S3
30.820 2
7.001 2.000 431.542
### 554.822
First
Slab S4
20.770 2
6.126 2.000 254.474 83.080 337.554
Floor Slab S5
31.720 2
7.376 2.000 467.933
### 594.813
3532.487
Slab S6
17.080 2
5.932 2.000 202.620 68.320 270.940
Slab S7
28.060 2
7.001 2.000 392.896 112.240 505.136
Slab S8
13.216 1
5.932 2.000 78.391 26.432 104.823
Slab S9
21.712 1
7.001 2.000 152.006 43.424 195.430
Projection slab
4.720 1
3.826 0.000 18.060
0.000 18.060

33

02-102/117/127/137

5.2.3

SN

Floor

Staircase cover

Roof floor

Intermediate floor
3
(1st, 2nd, 3rd & 4th)

Tie beam

beam (m) beam beam(KN)
(KN)
4.720 m 2
17.700
35.400
5.200 m 2
15.600
31.200
6.700 m 10
23.250
232.500
6.100 m 8
22.875
183.000
4.720 m 4
17.700
70.800
5.200 m 6
15.600
93.600
2.800 m 6
8.400
50.400
4.600 m 6
13.800
82.800
3.100 m 4
9.300
37.200
6.700 m 10
23.250
232.500
6.100 m 8
22.875
183.000
4.720 m 4
17.700
70.800
5.200 m 6
15.600
93.600
2.800 m 6
8.400
50.400
4.600 m 6
13.800
82.800
3.100 m 4
9.300
37.200
6.700 m 10
30.150
301.500
6.100 m 8
27.450
219.600
4.720 m 4
21.240
84.960
5.200 m 6
19.500
117.000
2.800 m 6
10.500
63.000
4.600 m 6
17.250
103.500
3.100 m 4
11.625
46.500

34

floor (KN)
66.600

750.300

750.300

936.060

02-102/117/127/137

S1

S5

Staircase

S5

S1

S2

S6

S8

S6

S2

S3

S7

S9

S7

S3

S4

S4
Fig. Plan of Roof floor slab

35

02-102/117/127/137

## 5.2.4 Lumped Load of column

S.N
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Wt. Of column(KN)

Floor
staircase cover
Roof floor
Fourth floor
Third floor
Second floor
First floor
Tie beam

Below the slab
(KN)
0.000 4 @ 1.450 5.5259 = 32.050
32.050

## 5.526 = 32.050 28 @ 1.450 5.5259 =

### 256.400
5.526 = 224.350 28 @ 1.450 5.5259 =
### 448.700
5.526 = 224.350 28 @ 1.450 5.5259 =
### 448.700
5.526 = 224.350 28 @ 1.450 5.5259 =
### 448.700
5.526 = 224.350 28 @ 1.450 5.5259 =
### 448.700

## 5.526 = 224.350 28 @ 1.450 5.5259 =

### 448.700
Remarks:-The least thickness of slab is considered ie.100mm

4@
28 @
28 @
28 @
28 @
28 @

1.450
1.450
1.450
1.450
1.450
1.450

## 5.2.5 Lump load of wall

a) Above the staircase wall: No parpet wall above staircse slab
b) Roof floor:
(i) Parapet wall
Along Long wall (i.e. X-X direction) = (6.70*4+6.10*4+4.72) 4.544
Along Short wall (i.e. Y-Y direction) = (5.20*2+2.80*2+4.60*2+3.10*4) 4.5444
(ii) Wall
Along X-X direction i.e. for span 4.72m (230mm thick)
= (4.72-0.5)*2 6.9775
Along Y-Y direction i.e. for span 5.2 m (230mm thick)
= (5.20-0.5)*2 12.063
c) Intermediate floor(1st to 4th floor):
(i) Outside wall (230mm wall)
(6.70*2+6.1*2+4.72-0.5*5)*2 6.978
Along X-X direction
=
(5.2+2.8+4.6+3.1*2-0.5*5)*2 7.238
Along Y-Ydirection
=
Inside
wall
(ii)
Along X-X direction (i.e. 110mm thick wall) = ((6.7-0.5)*4+(6.1-0.5)*4) 3.720
Along Y-Y direction(i.e. 230 mm thick wall) = ((5.2-0.5)*4+(4.6-0.5)*4) 12.063
d) Ground floor
(i) Outside wall (230mm wall)
Along X-X direction
Along Y-Ydirection

=
=

=
=
=

### KN
### KN
### KN

= 58.890 KN
= 113.390 KN
=
### KN

=
=
=

### KN
### KN
### KN

= 175.6 KN
= 424.61 KN
=
### KN

(6.70*2+6.1*2+4.72-0.5*5)*2 6.978 =
(5.2+2.8+4.6+3.1*2-0.5*5)*2 7.238 =

### KN
### KN
### KN

## (ii) Inside wall

Along X-X direction (i.e. 110mm thick wall) = ((6.7-0.5)*4+(6.1-0.5)*4) 3.720 = 175.6 KN
Along Y-Y direction(i.e. 230 mm thick wall) = ((5.2-0.5)*4+(4.6-0.5)*4) 12.063 = 424.61 KN
### KN
Total lumped load of wall in each floor is as shown in table
Weight of wall (KN)
SN
Floor
Outside wall
Inside wall
1
Staircase cover
0.000
0.000
2
Roof floor
424.993
172.280
3
4th floor
624.177
600.204
4
3rd floor
624.177
600.204
5
2nd floor
624.177
600.204
6
1st floor
624.177
600.204
7
Ground floor
624.177
600.204

36

(KN)
0.000
597.274
1224.381
1224.381
1224.381
1224.381
1224.381

02-102/117/127/137

5.2.6
SN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

## Calculation of Total Lumped mass in each floor

Floor

Slab
296.956
2303.597
3514.427
3514.427
3514.427
3532.487
0.000

Staircase cover
Roof floor
4th floor
3rd floor
2nd floor
1st floor
Ground floor

Total
Beam Column
Wall
66.600 32.050
0.000
0.000 395.606
750.300 256.400
597.274
93.336 4000.906
750.300 448.700
1224.381 186.671 6124.479
750.300 448.700
1224.381 186.671 6124.479
750.300 448.700
1224.381 186.671 6124.479
750.300 448.700
1224.381 186.671 6142.539
936.060 448.700
1224.381
93.336 2702.476
Total lumped mass of all floor= 31614.96 KN

395.606 KN
3m
4000.906 KN
3m
6124.479 KN
3m
6124.479 KN
3m
6124.479 KN
3m
6142.539 KN
Plinth level
Ground level

3m
2702.476 KN
0.9m

## Fig. Lumped mass in each floor

37

02-102/117/127/137

## 5.3 CALCULATION OF THE BASE SHEAR

5.3.1 SEISMIC COEFFICIENT METHOD
Design seismic base shear:
The Total Design Lateral Force or Design Seismic Base Shear (V B) along any principle direction shall
be determined by the following expression:
VB = AhW
where, Ah = Design horizontal acceleration spectrum value as per 6.4.2, IS 1893( Part I ):2002, using
the fundamental natural period Ta as per 7.6 in the considered directon of vibration
And W = Seismic wt. of the building as per clause 7.4.2
= 31614.964 KN
The Design Horizontal Seismic coefficinet Ah for a structure shall be determined by the following expS
Z
Ah = a
### R g Provided that for any structure with Ta 0.1 sec, the value of Ah will not
be taken less than Z/2 what ever be the value of I/R
where, Z = Zone factor given in table 2 of IS 1893-2002( Part I )
= 0.360 ( for very severe zone i.e zone V)
= Important factor depending upon the functional use of the structure, table 6
= 1.500 (for commercial building, as per table 6 of clause 6.4.2)
R = Response reduction factor, the values of R for buildings are given in table 7.
=5
Sa
Average Response Acceleration coeff. for rock or soil sites as given by fig. 2 and table 3
=
g
based on appropriate natural perionds and damping of the structure.
ression:

Now, For Sa/g, the appropriate fundamental natural period of vibration(T a), in sec, of all other buildings
including moment resisting frame with brick infil panels, may be estimated by the following emperical
expression :
0.09h
d
where, h = Height of the building in m defined in clause 7.6.1 and
d = Base dimension of the building at the plinth level in metre, along the considered
direction of the lateral force.
Along X-X direction,i.e. grid A-A, d = 30.320 m. Tax = 0.09 ### / 30.320
= 0.294 sec
Along Y-Y direction,i.e. grid 1-1, d = 15.700 m. Tay = 0.09 ### / 15.700
= 0.409 sec
Considering 5% damping for medium soil,
From figure 2 of IS 1892(Part I):2000
Along X-X direction,i.e. grid A-A, Sa/g = 2.5
Along Y-Y direction,i.e. grid 1-1, Sa/g = 2.5
Therefore,
S
Along X-X direction,i.e. grid A-A, A
Z
0.360 1.500
=
= 0.135
a

2.5
hx =
### R g
2
5

S
Along Y-Y direction,i.e. grid 1-1,
0.360 1.500
Ahy = Z a
=
= 0.135

2.5
### R g
2
5
Therefore,
Ta =

## Along X-X direction,i.e. grid A-A,

VBx =

AhxW

= 0.135 31614.964

= 4268.020 KN

## Along Y-Y direction,i.e. grid 1-1,

VBy =

AhyW

= 0.135 31614.964

= 4268.020 KN

38

02-102/117/127/137

## 5.3.2 Distribution of design force:

The Design Base Shear ( VB ) shall be distributed along the height of the building as per the following
expression:-

Qi = VB

WiHi2
WiHi2

## where, Qi = Design lateral force at floor i

Wi = Seismic wt. of floor i
Hi = Height of floor measured from base
n = No. of storey of building, is the no. of levels at
which the mass are located.

## 5.3.3 Calculation of lateral forces and shear at storey level

VBx = 4268.020 KN
SN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

STOREY
Staircase cover
Roof Floor
4th Floor
3rd Floor
2nd Floor
1st Floor
Tie Beam

hi
(m)
18.9
15.9
12.9
9.9
6.9
3.9
0.9
Total=

Wi

Wi*hi2

(KN)
395.606
4000.906
6124.479
6124.479
6124.479
6142.539
2702.476
31614.964

(KNm2)

141314.248
1011469.098
1019174.548
600260.185
291586.445
93428.013
2189.006
3159421.543

Qi
Cumulative Qi
(KN)
(KN)
190.900
190.900
1366.380
1557.280
1376.789
2934.069
810.883
3744.952
393.900
4138.852
126.211
4265.063
2.957
4268.020

SN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

FLOOR
Staircase cover
Roof Floor
4th Floor
3rd Floor
2nd Floor
1st Floor
Tie Beam

LATERAL FORCE
(KN)
190.900
1366.380
1376.789
810.883
393.900
126.211
2.957

39

## ALONG X- DIRECTION ALONG Y- DIRECTION

95.450
95.450
273.276
227.730
275.358
229.465
162.177
135.147
78.780
65.650
25.242
21.035
0.591
0.493

02-102/117/127/137

## 4.2 CALCULATION OF SELFWEIGHT OF ELEMENTS

4.2.1 Self weight of beam
a) along X-X direction
Cross sectional size of beam=600 mm*350 mm
Slab thickness =100mm (Taking smallest slab thickness)
Self weight of beam
=
=

( 0.600-0.100 )*0.350*25
4.375
KN/m

## Cross sectional size of beam=700 mm*400 mm

Slab thickness =100mm (Taking smallest slab thickness)
Self weight of beam
=
=

( 0.700-0.100 )*0.400*25
6.000
KN/m

## Cross sectional size of beam=400 mm*300 mm

Slab thickness =100mm (Taking smallest slab thickness)
Self weight of beam
=
=

( 0.400-0.100 )*0.300*25
2.250
KN/m

## Cross sectional size of beam=550 mm*300 mm

Slab thickness =100mm (Taking smallest slab thickness)
Self weight of beam
=
=

( 0.550-0.100 )*0.300*25
3.375
KN/m

## b) along Y-Y direction

Cross sectional size of beam=600 mm*350 mm
Slab thickness =100mm (Taking smallest slab thickness)
Self weight of beam
=
=

( 0.600-0.100 )*0.350*25
4.375
KN/m

## Cross sectional size of beam=400 mm*300 mm

Slab thickness =100mm (Taking smallest slab thickness)
Self weight of beam
=
=

( 0.400-0.100 )*0.300*25
2.250
KN/m

5.2.3

SN

Floor

Staircase cover

Roof floor

Intermediate floor
3
(1st, 2nd, 3rd & 4th)

4.720
5.200
6.700
6.100
4.720
5.200
2.800
4.600
3.100
6.700
6.100
4.720
5.200
2.800

Tie beam

4.600
3.100
6.700
6.100
4.720
5.200
2.800
4.600
3.100

4.720
5.200
6.700
6.100
4.720
5.200
2.800
4.600
3.100
6.700
6.100
4.720
5.200
2.800

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

No. of beam
2
2
10
8
4
6
6
6
4
10
8
4
6
6

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
65.124
49.075
56.695
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
65.124

(KN)

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
390.74
294.45
226.78
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
390.74

4.600
3.100
6.700
6.100
4.720
5.200
2.800
4.600
3.100

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

6
4
10
8
4
6
6
6
4

49.075
56.695
30.150
27.450
21.240
19.500
10.500
17.250
11.625

294.45
226.78
301.50
219.60
84.96
117.00
63.00
103.50
46.50

(KN)

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
390.741
294.451
226.780
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
390.741

0.000

911.972

911.972

911.972
294.451
226.780
301.500
219.600
84.960
117.000
63.000
103.500
46.500

936.060