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Drilling Safety

David Calvert, True Oil Enterprises Inc

SAFETY..Safe operating practices and procedures are vital

in the drilling business because the work is hazardous,
involving massive machinery, heavy tools and great physical


December 4 -5, 2012

Drilling Safety
1. Discuss two recent OSHA Incidents

2. Review OHSA Statistics of workplace injuries

3. Review Fatal Occupational Statistics

4. Review of typical OSHA violations

5. OSHA Resources to assist training and safety programs

December 4 -5, 2012

Incident # 1

April 12, 2010

Worker acting as a spotter for the air hoist

operator during the process of bringing the
rig down.
The air hoist line was being used to support
one end of the flow line that had been
disconnected from the bottom of the rig and
forklift was being used to support the other
As the air hoist was lowering the flow line,
the headache ball on the air hoist cable slid
down the outside of the handrail onto the
drilling rig, striking and killing the employee.
Everyone loses from an accident. Injuries result in pain and suffering and may leave a person disabled
or handicapped for life. Even minor injuries may cause loss of time from work and lost pay.

December 4 -5, 2012

Incident # 2

May 12, 2010

The derrick man,

disconnected from his
fall protection and
stepped or fell off the
monkey board.
He was killed in the

More than 90% of all accidents are avoidable, being caused by human error rather than by mechanical failure. It
is extremely important that every person on a drilling rig develop a sense of safety in drilling operations.

December 4 -5, 2012

December 4 -5, 2012

Drilling Safety - Potential Hazards

Once drilling begins, there are several hazards that you must be aware
of and take into consideration to reduce your risk of injury. These risks
may include:
Being struck by tongs, or pipe
Being caught between collars and tongs and pipes
Experiencing strains and sprains during lifting or controlling
movement of drill collars, bit breakers, pipes and tongs

December 4 -5, 2012

Drilling Safety Hazard Avoidance

Implement an effective pipe handling, make-up and break-out procedure
Using proper tong-latching techniques and proper hand and finger
placement on the tong handles
Standing clear of the rotary table when it is moving
Use proper lifting techniques to avoid strains and hoist slowly to limit
pipe momentum
Ask your supervisor for clarification before proceeding.
Always wear appropriate Personal Protective Equipment

December 4 -5, 2012

Top 10 Most Frequently Cited Standards

for Fiscal 2011 (Oct. 1, 2010 to Sept. 30, 2011)


1926.451 Scaffolding
1926.501 Fall Protection
1910.1200 Hazard Communication
1910.134 Respiratory Protection
1910.147 Lockout/Tagout
1910.305 Electrical, Wiring Methods
1910.178 Powered Industrial Trucks
1926.1053 Ladders
1910.303 Electrical, General Requirements
1910.212 Machine Guarding

December 4 -5, 2012

A Sampling of OSHA Violations


Employee riding the traveling blocks 5(a)(1)


No Geronimo Line from Monkey Board 5 (a)(1)


Floor Holes in rig floor/crown walk around 1910.23 (a)


Safety Goggles not clean and in good repair 1910.133


Break Out Tongs Wire clips had u-bold on live end of line 5(a)(1)


Kelly hose not secured with chains 5(a)(1)


V-Door opening not guarded 1910.23

The OSHA Website statistics can assist in modifying their safety program
through examples of where safety injuries and fatalities occur.

December 4 -5, 2012

Industry OSHA Standards

Confined Space Entry
Electrical Safety
Fall Protection
Hazardous Communication
Hazwoper - Awareness
Hot Work
Lockout / Tagout
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Portable fire extinguishers
Respiratory Protection
Slip, Trips and Falls
Spill Prevention and Control

1910.146 (g)
1910.1200 (h)
1910.147 (c)7
1910.157 (g)
1910.134 (e)
1910 Subpart D / 1915 Subpart E

December 4 -5, 2012

December 4 -5, 2012

OSHA Website Drilling Safety Resource Links

Oil and Gas http://stats.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/osh/os/osar0013.htm

OSHA Training http://www.osha.gov/dte/index.html
OSHA Publications http://www.osha.gov/pls/publications/publication.html
Drilling Safety etools - http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/oilandgas/drilling/drilling.html
OSHA Injury and Illness - 1-(202)-691-6170

December 4 -5, 2012


December 4 -5, 2012

We have come a long way from Yesterday

Torpedoes of dynamite used to extinguish a well

December 4 -5, 2012

Im ready to work
Is anyone there?

December 4 -5, 2012