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# SP3D Structure Tutorial: Grids: An Overview

## Session 1: Grids: An Overview

Objective:
By the end of this session, you will be able to:

Identify the tasks that can be performed using the Grids task in SP3D.

Prerequisite Session:

SP3D Overview

Overview:
The Grids task allows you to create and manipulate coordinate systems and reference planes
and cylinders defined relative to a coordinate system. For a rectangular grid system, you define
vertical grid planes parallel to the x (east)- and y (north)-axes and horizontal elevation planes.
For a radial grid system, you define concentric vertical cylinders, radial vertical planes passing
through the center of the cylinders, and horizontal elevation planes. A coordinate system has
only one reference plane or cylinder at a given position. For example, only one grid plane can
be created at x = 10 ft on the coordinate system named CS-0.
Grid lines are displayed at the intersection of the elevation planes and the vertical grid planes.
Grid arcs are displayed at the intersection of the elevation planes with the reference cylinders.
You can choose the elevation planes on which you want to show grid lines/arcs for a given
vertical grid plane/arc.
The reference planes and cylinders associated with the given coordinate system are displayed
in the Workspace Explorer nested under the coordinate system. You can select any system as
the parent of the coordinate system. The reference planes are also displayed for graphic
selection on rulers. You can turn these rulers off/on by using the View > Rulers command.
The positions of the reference planes are shown as check marks on the rulers. You can drag
these rulers to any position you want in the graphic window.
You can use the coordinate systems, reference planes, and the grid lines/arcs when positioning
your design objects in the 3D model. Use any number of different reference grid systems for
pipe racks, buildings, or other areas of the plant. If you modify the position of the reference
planes/cylinders later, then the associated grid lines/arcs move and all design objects whose
positions depend on these reference elements also move.
Figure 1 shows a rectangular grid.

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## Figure 2 shows a radial grid.

Coordinate Systems:

## Right-handed coordinate systems can be defined for positional reference. In a right-handed

coordinate system, the positive direction of the axes are defined, as shown in Figure 4, using
the thumb pointing to positive x (east), the index finger pointing to y (north), and the middle
finger pointing to z (elevation).

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## SP3D Structure Tutorial: Grids: An Overview

In the modeling environment, you can interact with the coordinate system in rectangular,
spherical, or cylindrical coordinates by selecting the desired coordinate input/output option on
the PinPoint ribbon. It is the same coordinate system, but just a different coordinate mode.
There are two types of coordinate systems:

## Global coordinate system

Design coordinate system (local coordinate system)

## Global Coordinate System:

Each model contains one global coordinate system, which you cannot edit or delete. All data
you create is stored in the database relative to this coordinate system.
You can view coordinates while you model and output coordinates to drawings relative to the
global coordinate system or any local or design coordinate system.
The positive y-axis designates the north axis and the positive z-axis designates the elevation
axis.

Tips:

Model your graphics within 10,000 meters of the global origin to avoid problems with
round-off errors in calculations.

To visually reference the global coordinate system, you can activate the global
coordinate display by using the Coordinate system drop-down list on the PinPoint
ribbon, as shown in Figure 5.

## Design Coordinate System:

Design coordinate systems are created in relation to the global coordinate system by specifying
the origin and orientation of the new coordinate system axes. You can have any number of
named coordinate systems to aid in the design of localized constructions such as separate
buildings.
The coordinate system used for modeling, the active coordinate system, is selected on the
PinPoint ribbon.

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## SP3D Structure Tutorial: Grids: An Overview

Tip:

Create a design coordinate system for your plant monument instead of using the
global coordinate system. Create the design coordinate system for your plant
monument even if the coordinate systems are directly on top of each other. This
coordinate system should not have a grid system defined relative to it. The coordinate
system will be used only to report coordinates in drawings and reports. If you want to
move the entire plant relative to the plant monument, you only have to move the
coordinate system representing the plant monument.

Elevation Planes:
Elevation planes are parallel to the X-Y plane (the plane defined by the x- and y-axes) of the
coordinate system. Elevation planes are used in both rectangular and radial grid systems. Grid
lines are displayed on the elevation plane at the intersection of the elevation plane with the
You can create and edit multiple elevation planes with a single command.

## Rectangular Grid Planes:

In a rectangular grid system, grid planes are vertical planes parallel to either the x-axis or the yaxis of the coordinate system. A smartstep command on the Create and Edit ribbons of the grid
plane controls the elevation planes that will display a grid line at the intersection with the grid
plane.
You can create and edit multiple grid planes with a single command.

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## Figure 7: Rectangular Grid Plane

For a radial grid system, cylinders are defined with their axis coincident with the z-axis of a
coordinate system. Any number of cylinders can be defined with a radius greater than zero. A
smartstep command on the ribbon of the grid cylinder controls the elevation planes that will
display a grid arc at the intersection with the cylinder. An arc is created for each quadrant of
the circle rather than a circle.
You can create and edit multiple radial grid cylinders with a single commandthis procedure
is similar to the creation of the rectangular grid plane.

## Figure 8: Reference Cylinder

In a radial grid system, radial planes are vertical planes passing through the coordinate system
origin and positioned by an angle with respect to the north axis being 0 degrees. Radial planes
are infinite in size. Therefore, you cannot place a radial plane that is equal to or greater than
180 degrees.
You can create and edit multiple radial grid planes with a single commandthis procedure is
similar to the creation of the rectangular grid plane.

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## SP3D Structure Tutorial: Grids: An Overview

Grid Wizard:
You can use the Grid Wizard command to quickly create a design coordinate system and an
entire set of related elevation planes, grid planes, radial cylinders, and/or radial planes. Once
you create the grid system by using the wizard, you can add reference objects to the grid
system or edit the existing objects.
For more information related to grids, refer to following topics in the user guide
GridsUsersGuide.pdf:

## Understanding Grids: An Overview

Understanding the Grids Workflow: An Overview
Understanding Coordinate Systems: An Overview
Understanding Elevation Planes: An Overview
Understanding Grid Planes: An Overview

## You can access GridsUsersGuide.pdf from GridsPrintGuide.htm.

Quiz:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Which task enables you to design coordinate systems and create elevation planes, grid