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Nomen: _____________________________

Dies est: _______________________

Conjugating Latin Verbs


1.

Verb Parts:

incolo, incolere, _________________________________________________________

Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________


Verb Stem: ____________________________

Tense: Imperfect Tense ____________________

* ______________________________________________________

2.

Verb Parts:

consisto, consistere, ______________________________________________________

Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________


Verb Stem: ____________________________

Tense:

Present Tense

____________________

* ______________________________________________________
3.

Verb Parts: rogo, rogare, ____________________________________________________________


Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________
Verb Stem: ____________________________

Tense: Present Tense_____________________

* ______________________________________________________

4.

Verb Parts: consisto, consistere, ______________________________________________________


Verb Stem: ____________________________

Tense: Future Indicative __________________

* ______________________________________________________
5.

Verb Parts: quaero, quaerere, ________________________________________________________


Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________
Verb Stem: ____________________________

Tense: Present Tense ____________________

*
* ______________________________________________________
Decline the new noun: munitio, munitionis

Meaning:____________________ Declension:____________

* ______________________________________________________
Decline the new noun: genus, generis, n.

Meanings:_________________ Declension:____________

Exercise 296

Nmen: _____________________________

Practice with Primary Sequence.

Hodie est: ___________________________

Instructions:
A. Put a box around the Introductory Word to the Indirect Question. B. Name the mood & tense of the Indirect
Questions. (You may want to refer to pp.48-51 in the Grammar.) C. Translate.
1. Rogat num cpiam aquae habemus. _________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
2. Rogat num Caesar Galls vcerit. ___________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
3. Quaeret ubi hosts cnstiterint. ______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
4. Quaeret ubi cpia aquae sit. ________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
5. Rogat quis impertor sit. ___________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
6. Quaerit qus Caesar vcerit. ________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
7. Rogbit valeantne mlits. __________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
8. Quaeret vceritne Caesar barbars. ___________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
9. Rogat quae genera hominum Americam incolant. _______________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
10. Quaerit quae genera hominum Galliam tum incoluerint. __________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
11. Quaeret quants mntins hosts parverint. __________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
12. Rogbit quae mntinum genera ns parmus. _________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
13. Rogat quae gents Galliam incolant. _________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
14. Quaerit quae gents prvinciam incoluerint. ___________________________________________________
____________________________________

Exercise 297

Nmen: _____________________________
Hodie est: ___________________________

Part A: Imitate the word order and structure of this model sentence in translating.
Rog qus mlits viderit.
I ask what soldiers he saw.
1.

I ask what hostages he killed. _____________________________________________________________

2.

I ask what general he praised. _____________________________________________________________

3.

I ask what plans he has learned. ____________________________________________________________

4.

I ask what hills he has occupied. ___________________________________________________________

Part B: Again, imitate the word order and structure of this model sentence:
Rogat ubi mlits sint.
He asks where the soldiers are.
1.

I ask where the general s. ________________________________________________________________

2.

I ask where the enemy s. _________________________________________________________________

3.

I ask where the fortifications are. ___________________________________________________________

4.

I ask where the winter quarters are. _________________________________________________________

Review:
1.

Exercise 298

Translate and explain the translation of the italicized phrases:


a. They sent letters to the Senate. __________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
b. They gave rewards to the slave. _________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

2.

Give the rule for agreement of relative pronouns. ______________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

3.

Translate; then parse ad and pugntum est.

Ad flmen di pugntum est.

_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Reading No.19

War Information

It is of vital importance for a general to have the fullest possible information about the enemy before
committing his troops to battle. Many military disasters have been due to ignorance either of the
enemys force and disposition or of the detail of the battleground. When the Battle of Gettysburg
opened, Lees scouts were away on a foraging expedition. The Union army was therefore able to
reconnoiter and seize the most strategic points on the field and fight the action from chosen positions.
Lees army was terribly defeated.
Today every resource is used to discover vital war information. Hitlers invasion of Poland was backed
by scientific study of every pertinent detail. Even the weather conditions had been calculated. During
the years preceding the invasion of Europe in World War II, Allied experts studies the minutest detail of
the invasion coast of Fortress Europe. Planes, spies, maps, scientists, travelers, refugeesall were
used to place before the general staff the fullest possible information.
Military experts have always recognized the importance of such information. Caesar, too, though he
lacked maps of modern technical excellence, as well as planes and swift-moving scouting cars, made
extensive inquiries before launching a campaign. There were Roman spies, Gallic refugees,
merchantsall of whom he consulted. The Roman army sent out cavalry and special scouts
(exploratores) to study the terrain (natura loci) and the disposition of the opposing forces.
What then would a general wish to know?

Ante1 proelium imperator legatos et tribunos militum in concilium vocat. In concilio


quaerit quantum numerum et equitum et militum hostes habeant, ubi castra hostium sint,
quantas paraverint munitiones; num copiam aquae et frumenti habeant; quantam armorum
copiam habeant. quaerit etiam quae sint portus et flumina et montes in hostium finibus; quae
genera hominum eas partes incolant; num omnia quae ad bellum pertinent paraverint; num
fortes sint et cupidi belli gloriae; num acriter pugnent; quos duces habeant, num boni sint.
Ante1 proelia imperator equites mittit qui naturam loci explorent et cognoscant ubi hostes
constiterint. Cognoscit num aciem instruxerint; num ad proelium sint parati.
Ita Caesar et omnes magni duces saepe hostes superaverunt quod omnia quae ad
proelium pertinent cognoverant.

1 ante, prep. w/accusative: before.

Exercise 299 Practice with Secondary Sequence

Nmen: _____________________________________

Explain the tense of the underlined word.

Dies est:_____________________________________

1.

Legatus quaesivit quantam aquae copiam milites haberent. _______________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2.

Legatus quaesivit ubi hostes constitissent. ______________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3.

Barbari quaesiverunt quantam militum copiam Romani coegissent. ______________________________


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4.

Barbari quaesiverunt ubi Romani castra posuissent. _________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5.

Quaesiverat quae esset natura montis. _________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

6.

Quaesiverat quantum obsidum numerum legatus coegisset. ________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7.

Quaerebat qui portus essent in eis locis. ________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

8.

Quaerebant num hostes colles occupavissent. __________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

9.

Romanus, Quaero, inquit, num Deus vester sit Deus verus. ___________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise 300

Nmen: _____________________________________

Imitate the word order and structure of the model

Hodie est:___________________________________

In translating:

MODEL: Centurio quaerebat num copia frumenti in castris esset.


The centurion was asking whether there was a supply of grain in the camp.

1.

The military tribune was asking whether there was an abundance of water in the winter
quarters. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2.

The lieutenant was asking whether there was a bridge on the river. _____________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3.

The barbarians were asking whether there were soldiers in the forest. ___________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

MODEL: Legatus quaesivit ubi Galli constitissent.


The lieutenant asked where the Gauls had taken up a position.

1.

The leader asked where the enemy had stationed the guards. _____________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2.

Caesar asked where the Gauls had prepared fortifications. _________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3.

The barbarians asked where Caesar had drawn up the troops. ____________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise 301

Nmen: _____________________________
Dies est: _____________________________

1.

Lgtus, Quaero, inquit, qu sint socii vestri. ______________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

2.

Tribunus mlitum quaesivit quae hominum genera loca incolerent. ________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

3.

Rmn magnas mntins paraverunt qu facilius hosts pellerent. ______________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

4.

Barbar impetum in agmen fcrunt n mlits certum ordinem servarent. ___________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

5.

Quaero num Caesar plurimum apud Rmns valuerit. _________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

6.

Quaerit num amcus verus atque certus facile cernatur. _________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

7.

Nnne Chrstin Chrstum nomine rgis appellant? ____________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

8.

Quaero num Chrstum Rgem atque Dominum vocetis. _________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

9.

Rogvit qu prncips convenissent. ________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

10.

Di atque criter pugntum est in loc angusto et difficili n hosts agmen flmen traducerent. _________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

11.

Legatum misit qu obsids clam ad castra deduceret. ___________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

12.

Dux rogvit quantam cpiam aquae frumentique servi in hberna portavissent. _______________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

13.

Eques dc ostendit ubi cpiae hostium constitissent. ___________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

14.

Qu prncips cpis coegerunt? ___________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

15.

E Custds occiderunt et usque ad castra nostr appropinquaverunt. ______________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

16.

Rmn collem vall fossaque mnvrunt qu diutius cpis hostium sustinerent. ___________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

17.

Quaerit cr gents barbarae obsids inter s dederint. ___________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

18.

Dux equitem celeriter misit qu auxilium peteret. ______________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

19.

Impertor quaesivit num tribuni mlitum omnia comparavissent. __________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

20.

Rogat unde equitatus contenderit. __________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise 302

Nmen: _____________________________
Hodie est: ___________________________

1.

I asked where the enemy was. _____________________________________________________________

2.

They asked whether the chief led the barbarians across the river. __________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

3.

They asked whom we called king and emperor. _______________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

4.

We asked what chief was influential among them. _____________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

5.

We asked where the barbarians had taken up a stand/position. ____________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

6.

They ask what races of men inhabit Gaul now. ________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

7.

We ask what kinds of arms they have. _______________________________________________________

8.

The lieutenant asked how great fortifications they had prepared. __________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

9.

We asked why they were fighting without a sure hope. _________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

10.

We asked where they had led the allies. _____________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

11.

He asked whence they had come. __________________________________________________________

12.

They had secretly collected the hostages into a safe place. _______________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

13.

He asked whether they had seen the column of the enemy. ______________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

14.

He said, Arent you a brave and sure friend? ________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

15.

He asked where there was an abundance of water. _____________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise 303 - Formal Review of Unit Seven

Nmen: _____________________________________
Dies est:_____________________________________

Answer completely on separate paper. This will serve as your study guide for the Unit Seven
exam. Ask if you have questions.
1.

How may direct questions be introduced in Latin? What mood is used?

2.

What is the difference between ubi and quo?

3.

What is the difference between ne, num, and nonne? Give Latin examples of each, and
translate the examples of num and nonne several ways in English.

4.

Decline the interrogative pronoun. Why is it a pronoun?

5.

Decline the interrogative adjective qui.

6.

When is quis used as an adjective?

7.

Is qui ever used for quis?

8.

What construction do verbs of transporting take?

9.

What construction do verbs of calling, etc. take?

10. What are the endings of the perfect and pluperfect subjunctive active? What stem is used?
11. What are indirect questions?
12. What mood is used in indirect questions? How are they introduced?
13. Can ne, nonne, and num be used in indirect questions?
14. Is qui ever used for quis in indirect questions?
15. Give the rules for sequence.
16. What does inquit mean and how is it used?
17. Give Latin examples illustrating the use of each subjunctive tense in an indirect question.

Reading #20: Bataan!

Vos omnes cognovistis quantas copias nostri milites in Bataan 1 diu sustinuissent.
Japones enim magnum et fortem impetum in insulas2 Philippinas3 fecerunt. Omnia

armorum et telorum genera quae nunc ad bellum utilia sunt habebant.

Etiam

magnum numerum omnium generum militum in insulas 2 traduxerant. Quaesiverant

qui portus, quae loci natura, quae flumina essent. Omnia quae ad bellum pertinebant

cognoverant. Itaque dux noster, vir magnus et fortis, omnes copias nostras in loca

difficilia et angusta quae Bataan vocant deduxit quo diutius impetum hostium

sustineret.

Munitiones celeriter paravit; custodes collocavit; milites instruxit;

impetus hostium exspectavit.

Undique nostri ab hostibus et loci natura

contenebantur neque erant multi milites Americani in Bataan; tamen diu et acriter ibi

pugnatum est. Nam nostri fortes erant et gloriae nominis Americani cupidi erant.

Multos impetus fortiter sustinuerunt; saepe hostes post magnam caedem pepulerunt.

Interim cognovimus quanto in periculo nostrae legiones essent et quaerebamus

cur duces nostri magnam armorum et militum copiam non mitterent. Ei tamen

omnia pericula cognoverant. Itaque auxilia non miserunt ne hostes ea occiderent.


Tandem4 nostri, propter magnum hostium numerum, nondiutius sustinuerunt.
Itaque hostibus se dederunt atque arma tradiderunt.

Dux autem noster, The

President, inquit, of the United States ordered me to break through the Japanese

lines and proceed from Corregidor to Australia for the purpose, as I understand it, of

organizing the American offensive against Japan. A primary purpose of this is the
relief of the Philippines. I cam through and I shall return.

Nonne virtutem militum fortium semper laudabimus atque memoria

tenebimus? Gloria enim eorum gloria nostra est.

1. Bataan, indecl. noun: Bataan. 2. insula, ae: island. 3. Philippinus, a, um: Philippine. 4. Tandem: meanwhile

Nomen:______________________________
Reading #20: Bataan
Practice with chunking; insert diagonal lines between grammatical phrases. Ive got you started.

Vos omnes cognovistis / quantas copias / nostri milites in Bataan1 / diu sustinuissent. /
Japones enim / magnum et fortem impetum / in insulas2 Philippinas3 / fecerunt. /
Omnia armorum et telorum genera quae nunc ad bellum utilia sunt habebant. Etiam
magnum numerum omnium generum militum in insulas2 traduxerant. Quaesiverant
qui portus, quae loci natura, quae flumina essent. Omnia quae ad bellum pertinebant
cognoverant. Itaque dux noster, vir magnus et fortis, omnes copias nostras in loca
difficilia et angusta quae Bataan vocant deduxit quo diutius impetum hostium
sustineret. Munitiones celeriter paravit; custodes collocavit; milites instruxit; impetus
hostium exspectavit. Undique nostri ab hostibus et loci natura continebantur neque
erant multi milites Americani in Bataan; tamen diu et acriter ibi pugnatum est. Nam
nostri fortes erant et gloriae nominis Americani cupidi erant. Multos impetus fortiter
sustinuerunt; saepe hostes post magnam caedem pepulerunt.
Interim cognovimus quanto in periculo nostrae legiones essent et quaerebamus cur
duces nostri magnam armorum et militum copiam non mitterent. Ei tamen omnia
1. Bataan, indecl. noun: Bataan. 2. insula, ae: island. 3. Philippinus, a, um: Philippine

OVER

pericula cognoverant. Itaque auxilia non miserunt ne hostes ea occiderent.


Tandem4 nostri, propter magnum hostium numerum, non diutius sustinuerunt.
Itaque hostibus se dederunt atque arma tradiderunt.

Dux autem noster, The

President, inquit, of the United States ordered me to break through the Japanese lines
and proceed from Corregidor to Australia for the purpose, as I understand it, of
organizing the American offensive against Japan. A primary purpose of this is the relief
of the Philippines. I came through and I shall return.
Nonne virtutem militum fortium semper laudabimus atque memoria tenebimus?
Gloria enim eorum gloria nostra est.

4. Tandem, adv.: finally.