Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 7

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Problem 2.

The

motion of a particle is defined by the relation


10 3 5 2
x=
t t 20t + 10, where x and t are expressed in meters and
3
2
seconds, respectively. Determine the time, the position, and the
acceleration of the particle when = 0.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 7/e, Ferdinand P. Beer (Deceased), E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, George H. Staab, 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Problem 12.

It is known that from t = 2 s to t = 10 s the acceleration of a particle is


inversely proportional to the cube of the time t. When t = 2 s,
u = 15 ft/s, and when t = 10 s, u = 0.36 ft/s. Knowing that the particle
is twice as far from the origin when t = 2 s as it is when t = 10 s,
determine (a) the position of the particle when t = 2 s and when t = 10 s,
(b) the total distance traveled by the particle from t = 2 s to t = 10 s.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 7/e, Ferdinand P. Beer (Deceased), E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, George H. Staab, 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Problem 16.

The acceleration of point A is defined by the relation a = 200 x + 3200 x3 ,


where a and x are expressed in m/s 2 and meters, respectively. Knowing
that the velocity of A is 2.5 m/s and x = 0 when t = 0, determine the
velocity and position of A when t = 0.05 s.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 7/e, Ferdinand P. Beer (Deceased), E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, George H. Staab, 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Problem 34.

Steep safety ramps are built beside mountain highways to enable vehicles
with defective brakes to stop safely. A truck enters a 250-m ramp at a
high speed uo and travels 180 m in 6 s at constant deceleration before its
speed is reduced to u0 / 2. Assuming the same constant deceleration,
determine (a) the additional time required for the truck to stop, (b) the
additional distance traveled by the truck.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 7/e, Ferdinand P. Beer (Deceased), E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, George H. Staab, 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Problem 40.

Two rockets are launched at a fireworks performance. Rocket A is


launched with an initial velocity u0 and rocket B is launched 4 seconds
later with the same initial velocity. The two rockets are timed to explode
simultaneously at a height of 80 m, as A is falling and B is rising.
Assuming a constant acceleration g = 9.81 m/s 2 , determine (a) the initial
velocity u0 , (b) the velocity of B relative to A at the time of the
explosion.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 7/e, Ferdinand P. Beer (Deceased), E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, George H. Staab, 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Problem 44.

Car A is parked along the northbound lane of a highway, and car B is


traveling in the southbound lane at a constant speed of 96 km/h. At
t = 0, A starts and accelerates at a constant rate a A , while at t = 5 s, B
begins to slow down with a constant deceleration of magnitude a A / 6.
Knowing that when the cars pass each other x = 90 m and u A = u B ,
determine (a) the acceleration a A , (b) when the vehicles pass each other,
(c) the distance between the vehicles at t = 0.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 7/e, Ferdinand P. Beer (Deceased), E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, George H. Staab, 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Problem 11.C3
The motioned of a particle is defined by the equations x = 30t2 120t and y = 120t2
40t3, where x and y are expressed in millimeters and t in seconds. Derive expressions for
the velocity and acceleration of the particle as a function of t. Consider the time interval
0 t 2s and plot (a) the path of the particle in the xy plane, (b) the components of the
velocity vx and vy and the magnitude of the velocity v, (c) the components of the
acceleration ax and ay and the magnitude of the acceleration.
Solution
From the motion of the particle we find
(a)
x = 30t 2 120t

y = 120t 2 40t 3

vx = x = 60t 120

v y = y = 240t 120t 2

ax = 
x = 60

a y = 
y = 240 240t

(b) Plot the trajectory of the particle

Program
% Problem 11.C3
%
t = [0:0.5:20];
x = 30*t.^2-120*t;
y = 120*t.^2-40*t.^3;
v_x = 60*t-120;
v_y = 240*t-120*t.^2;
v = sqrt(v_x.^2+v_y.^2);
a_x = 60;
a_y = 240-240*t;
a = sqrt(a_x.^2+a_y.^2);
figure(1)
plot(x,y);
xlabel('x (ft)')
ylabel('y (ft)')
legend('Trajectory')
grid on
axis([0 10000 -3e5 0])
figure(2)