Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

1848

June 28th - Rizals parents married in Kalamba, La Laguna: Francisco Rizal-Mercado y Alejandra (born in
Bian, April 18, 1818) and Teodora Morales Alonso-Realonda y Quintos (born in Sta. Cruz, Manila, Nov.
14, 1827).
1861
June 19th - Jose Rizal is born to become the seventh child born to his parents.
June 22nd - Rizal was christened with the name Jose Protasio Rizal-Mercado y Alonso-Realonda.
1870
Jose began school under the instruction of Justiniano Aquin Cruz at just nine years of age.
1871
Jose continued his education under the instruction of Lucas Padua at the age of ten in a public school in
Kalamba.
1872
June 10th - At the age of eleven, Rizal is examined by those in charge of college entrance to San Juan de
Letran College as part of Sto. Tomas University in Manila. He entered the school system as a scholar.
1875
June 16th - Rizal enters Ateneo Municipal de Manila as a boarder at just 14 years of age.
1876
March 23rd - At the age of fifteen, Rizal received a Bachelor of Arts Degree from Ateneo de Manila with
the highest honors.
1877
June - Jose entered Sto. Tomas University in Manila where he studied philosophy.
1877
November 29th - Rizal wrote a poem and received recognition for his writing from the Royal Economic
Society of Friends of the Country, also known as Amigos del Pas. The recognition comes in the form of a
diploma of merit and honorable mention.
1878
June - At the age of sixteen, Rizal decided to switch gears in his educational pursuits and transferred into
the medical course at St. Tomas University.
Won Liceo Artistico-Literario prize, in poetical competition for Indians and Mestizos, with the
poem To the Philippine Youth.
Was wounded in the back for not saluting a Guardia Civil lieutenant whom he had not seen. However,
the authorities ignored his complaint.
1880
April 23rd - At the age of nineteen, he received Licco Artstico-Literario diploma of honorable mention
for the allegory, "The Council of the Gods", in competition open to "Spaniards, mestizos and Indians". He
was unjustly deprived of the first prize due to discrimination.
December 8th - Rizal produced his first Operetta called "On the Banks of the Pasig".
Princess Shelly Ann Carla
Aguiman

Rizal MWF 7.30-8.30


Mr. Randy Bacares

1881
At the age of twenty, he submitted the winning wax model design for commemorative medal for the
Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Country centennial.
1882
May 3rd - Secretly left Manila taking a French mail steamer at Singapore for Marseilles and entering
Spain at Port Bou by railroad. His brother, Paciano Mercado, furnished the money.
June - Absence noted at Sto. Tomas University, which owned the Kalamba estate. Rizals father was
compelled to prove that he had no knowledge of his sons plan in order to hold the land on which he
was the Universitys tenant.
June 15th - Rizal made his arrival in Barcelona.
October - Began to study again in Madrid.
1886
June 19th - Rizal received the degree of Licentiate in Medicine with honors from the Central University
of Madrid at the age of 23.
He then became an assistant to Dr. L. de Wecker, a Paris oculist and visited many universities in Berlin,
Leipzig, and Heidelberg in the country of Germany.
1887
Feb 21st - At the age of 26, Rizal finished his first novel titled "Noli Me Tangere" in Berlin. The novel
offends Catholic officials and Rizal is deemed to be a troublemaker
He then traveled to Austria, Switzerland, and Italy.
July 3rd - Rizal left from Mersailles in Italy.
August 5th - arrived in Manila. He travels to nearby areas escorted by a Spanish Lieutenant, detailed by
the Governor-General, as escort.
1888
February - Rizal left Spain and set sail for Hong Kong in Japan.
February 28th to April 13th - Became a guest at the Spanish Legation, Tokyo and traveled Japan.
April to May - Traveled the United States.
May 24th - Studied in the British Museum to edit Morgas 1609 Philippine History in London
1889
March - At the age of 28 he published Morgas History. He also published The Philippines A Century
Hence in La Solidaridad, a Filipino fortnightly review, first of Barcelona and later of Madrid.
1890
February to July - At the age of 29, in Belgium, he finished El Filibusterismo which is the sequel to Noli
Me Tangere. He also published The Indolence of the Filipino in La Solidaridad.
August 4th - Returned to Madrid to confer with his countrymen on the Philippine situation, which then
constantly grew worse.
1891
January 27 - Left Madrid for France.
Princess Shelly Ann Carla
Aguiman

Rizal MWF 7.30-8.30


Mr. Randy Bacares

November - At the age of 30, arranged for a Filipino agricultural colony in British North Borneo.
Practiced medicine in Hong Kong.
1892
June 26th - At the age of 31, returned to Manila under Governor-General Despujols safe conduct pass.
July 3rd - Organized a mutual aid economic society: La Liga Filipina.
July 6th - Ordered deported to Dapitan, but the decree and charges were kept secret from him.
Taught school and conducted a hospital during his exile, patients coming from China coast ports
for treatment. Fees thus earned were used to beautify the town. Arranged a water system and had the
plaza lighted.
1896
August 1st - At the age of 35. - Left Dapitan en route to Spain as a volunteer surgeon for the Cuban
yellow fever hospitals. Carried letters of recommendation from Governor-General Blanco.
August 7th to October 3rd - Was on Spanish cruiser Castilla in Manila Bay.
Sailed for Spain on Spanish mail steamer and just after leaving Port Said was confined to his
cabin as a prisoner on cabled order from Manila. (Rizals enemies to secure the appointment of a
governor-general subservient to them, the servile Polavieja had purchased Governor-General Blancos
promotion.)
October 6th - Placed in Montjuich Castle dungeon on his arrival in Barcelona and the same day reembarked for Manila. Friends and countrymen in London by cable made an unsuccessful effort for a
Habeas Corpus writ at Singapore. Upon arrival in Manila, he was placed in Fort Santiago dungeon.
December 3rd - Charged with treason, sedition and forming illegal societies, the prosecution arguing
that he was responsible for the deeds of those who read his writings.
During his imprisonment Rizal began to formulate in his mind his greatest poem who others
later entitle, My Last Farewell.
December 12th - Rizal appeared in a courtroom where the judges made no effort to check those who cry
out for his death.
December 15th - Wrote an address to insurgent Filipinos to lay down their arms because their
insurrection was at that time hopeless. Address not made public but added to the charges against him.
December 27th - Formally condemned to death by a Spanish court martial.
Pi y Margall, who had been president of the Spanish Republic, pleaded with the Prime Minister
for Rizals life, but the Queen Regent could not forgive his having referred in one of his writings to the
murder by, and suicide of, her relative, Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria.
December 29th - Completed and has been put into writing - "My Last Farewell." He concealed the poem
in an alcohol heating apparatus and gave it to his family. He may have also concealed another copy of
the same poem in one of his shoes but, if so, it is lost in decomposition in his burial.
December 30th - Rizal, at the age of 35 years, 6 months, 11 days, he was permitted to marry Josephine
Bracken in his Fort Santiago death cell just two hours before he is shot by a firing squad. She is Irish, the
adopted daughter of a blind American who came to Dapitan from Hong Kong for treatment.
Shot on the Luneta, Manila, at 7:03 a.m., and buried in a secret grave in Paco Cemetery. (Entry
of his death was made in the Paco Church Register among suicides.)
Princess Shelly Ann Carla
Aguiman

Rizal MWF 7.30-8.30


Mr. Randy Bacares

1897
January -Commemorated by Spanish Free-masons who dedicated a tablet to his memory, in their Grand
Lodge hall in Madrid, as a martyr to Liberty.
1898
August - Filipinos who placed over it in Paco cemetery, a cross inscribed simply December 30, 1896,
sought his grave, immediately after the American capture of Manila. Since his death his countrymen had
never spoken his name, but all references had been to The Dead.
December 20th - President Aguinaldo, of the Philippine Revolutionary Government, proclaimed
December 30th as a day of national mourning.
December 30th - Filipinos held Memorial services at which time American soldiers on duty carried their
arms reversed.
1911
June 19th - Birth semi-centennial observed in all public schools by an act of the Philippine Legislature.
1912
December 30th - Rizals ashes transferred to the Rizal Mausoleum on the Luneta with impressive public
ceremonies.

Princess Shelly Ann Carla


Aguiman

Rizal MWF 7.30-8.30


Mr. Randy Bacares