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Story

BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE

Point
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26

Load
FX
FY
FZ
MX
MY
MZ
COMB101
28.52
3.36 3266.73
-26.43
27.188
-0.787
COMB1
42.78
5.04 4900.09
-39.645
40.782
-1.18
COMB2
-13.76
3.12 3880.39
-28.981 -107.821
-1.373
COMB3
34.58
-39.67 3987.69
89.598
32.595
-1.29
COMB4
82.21
4.95 3959.76
-34.451 173.072
-0.516
COMB5
33.86
47.74 3852.46
-153.03
32.656
-0.599
COMB6
-32.17
5.05
3210.2
-28.829
-145.64
-1.267
COMB7
28.26
-48.43 3344.32 119.395
29.88
-1.163
COMB8
87.79
7.34 3309.41
-35.666 205.477
-0.195
COMB9
27.36
60.83 3175.29
-183.89
29.957
-0.299
COMB10
-43.29
2.57 1906.28
-15.93 -157.607
-0.974
COMB11
17.14
-50.91
2040.4 132.294
17.913
-0.871
COMB12
76.66
4.86 2005.49
-22.767
193.51
0.097
COMB13
16.24
58.35 1871.36 -170.991
17.989
-0.007
ENVE MAX
87.79
60.83 4900.09 132.294 205.477
0.097
ENVE MIN
-43.29
-50.91 1871.36
-183.89 -157.607
-1.373
COMB101
7.76
-4.12 3753.59
-19.134
14.022
3.78
COMB1
11.65
-6.18 5630.39
-28.701
21.033
5.671
COMB2
-24.53
-5.96 4473.15
-20.08
-98.762
4.58
COMB3
9.67
-46.28 4406.45
97.025
19.268
5.187
COMB4
43.16
-3.92 4535.47
-25.841 132.414
4.493
COMB5
8.96
36.39 4602.17 -142.947
14.385
3.886
COMB6
-36.53
-16.24 3876.03
-8.234 -131.378
3.353
COMB7
6.22
-66.63 3792.66 138.147
16.159
4.111
COMB8
48.08
-13.69 3953.94
-15.436 157.591
3.243
COMB9
5.34
36.7 4037.31 -161.817
10.055
2.485
COMB10
-38.84
-10.26 2310.04
-3.5 -136.621
2.034
COMB11
3.91
-60.64 2226.67 142.881
10.916
2.792
COMB12
45.77
-7.7 2387.94
-10.702 152.349
1.924
COMB13
3.03
42.68 2471.31 -157.083
4.812
1.166
ENVE MAX
48.08
42.68 5630.39 142.881 157.591
5.671
ENVE MIN
-38.84
-66.63 2226.67 -161.817 -136.621
1.166
COMB101
56.67
2.88 1634.64
-4.827
55.077
-0.495
COMB1
85
4.32 2451.96
-7.24
82.615
-0.742
COMB2
48.34
3.16 1937.93
-5.33
16.36
-0.436
COMB3
67.77
-8.77 1989.08
13.314
65.807
-1.359
COMB4
87.66
3.75
1985.2
-6.254 115.824
-0.751
COMB5
68.23
15.67 1934.06
-24.898
66.377
0.172
COMB6
38.1
2.5
1678.8
-4.514
-0.13
-0.148
COMB7
62.39
-12.4 1742.73
18.791
61.679
-1.302
COMB8
87.25
3.24 1737.89
-5.669
124.2
-0.541
COMB9
62.96
18.15 1673.96
-28.974
62.391
0.613
COMB10
13.03
1.35
995.46
-2.477
-24.944
-0.01
COMB11
37.32
-13.55 1059.39
20.828
36.865
-1.164
COMB12
62.18
2.1 1054.55
-3.633
99.386
-0.403
COMB13
37.89
17
990.62
-26.937
37.577
0.75
ENVE MAX
87.66
18.15 2451.96
20.828
124.2
0.75

BASE

26 ENVE MIN

13.03

-13.55

990.62

-28.974

-24.944

-1.359

333

333

264

271

269

12

262

10

218

10

227

225

14

216

12

130

11

139

136

13

127

12

383

383

304

299

308

313

10

263

258

269

11

274

11

157

151

10

162

10

168

11

167

167

132

135

135

131

114

118

118

114

68

72

72

67

21

26

23

Design of Raft foundation (Normal Load condition-LC101)


5.00
1.50

C15

0.985
C/L of footing
2.97

1.985

4.97

C17

0.5
2.50

2.50

Loads
V (Ton)
Column C15
333
Column C17
167
Column C17
383
Total =
500
Preliminary size Calculation=

MX (T m)
3
1
2
4

MZ (T m)
3
6
1
9

Density of concrete =

2.5

Density of soil =

1.6

SBC of soil =
Assume footing bottom below GL =

20
3.00

Assume size =

L (m)
5.00

x B (m)
x 4.97

D (m)
x 0.38

Area

A =

5.00

x 4.97

Sectional modulus

ZL =

4.97

x 5.00 ^2

ZT =
5.00
Additional load due to difference in weight of slab & soil =
5.00
x 4.97
x 0.38
x ( 2.50

x 4.97 ^2

Additional moment due to eccentricity =


Longitudinal moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
Column C15
333
x 0.000
Column C17
-167
x 0.000
Total
Transverse moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
Column C15
333
x 0.985
Column C17
-167
x 1.985

Lever arm

Lever arm

- 1.60 )

Total
Total vertical load on raft V =
Total Longitudinal moment on raft ML =
Total Transverse moment on raft MT =
Pmax =
=
Pmin =
=

500.0
9.0
4.0

+ 8.5
+ 0.0
+ 3.5

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 508

/ 25 )

+(9

/ 20.7 )

+(7

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 508

/ 25 )

-(9

/ 20.7 )

-(7

Over burden pressure =

( 3.00

- 0.38 )

x 1.60

Design calculation: Design of Raft Beam : Let the load be transferred through beams which are considered similar to inverted slab - beam design.
Let the beam width be
1000 mm
Ultimate pressure for slab and beam des =

21.26

x 9.81

Depth of beam =
Assume footing depth @ face of beam =
Assume footing depth @ edge =
UDL Load on beam =

300.00

x 5.00

Column C15
1.50

Column C17
2.97

Reaction @ column C15 =


Reaction @ column C17 =

1500 kN / m

4983 kN
2472 kN

Bending moment @ outer face of column C15 of 0.75m dia (i.e. 1.95 - 0.75/2 = 1.575m) @ Sec A
Shear force @ outer face of column C15 of 0.75m dia (i.e. 1.95 - 0.75/2 = 1.575m) @ Sec A=

Bending moment @ Inner face of column C15 towards C17 of 0.75m dia (i.e. 0.75/2 = 0.375m) @
Shear force @ Inner face of column C15 towards C17 of 0.75m dia (i.e. 0.75/2 = 0.375m) @ Sec
Beam design is presented in separate sheet.

Design of Raft Slab : -

Concrete grade :
Steel grade :

20 Mpa
415 Mpa

Cover to bottom :

65 mm

Consider per metre width of slab=


Ku = xu lim/d =
2

R = Mu lim/fck x b x d =
Mu lim =

Negative Bending moment at face of beam for per metre width : M1 =


300
x (2.500 - 1.00 /2)^2

/2

Thickess of slab at face of beam =


Effective depth =

1536

- 65

100

c/c

Ast required =
Provide

16 #

One way shear force is to be checked @ effective depth d from face of beam : V1 @ deff from face of beam i.e.@ =1.43 m from beam centre

Effective depth =

1000

Shear stress v =

( 322

- 65
x 1000 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.

Shear strength of concrete c =

Distribution steel : Minimum reinforcement =


Provide

12 #

0.12
@

100

% of total cross section area


c/c

Two way shear check (Punching shear check) : The column C15 can punch through footing only if it shears against the depth of beam along its two opposite edges, an
The critical section for two-way shear is taken at distance db/2 (i.e. 1600 / 2 mm) from face of column and on other side

at a distance half the effective depth of slab i.e. (ds/2 i.e. 380 / 2 mm) on other side. The footing depth @ face of beam

ds/2

1.95

ds/2
db/2

Failure plane for two way shear

C15

db/2

2.97

C/L of footing
5.82

C17

0.9

C17

Dia of column C15 =


Equivalent square for column C15 (b) =
D =
Width of column
b=
db =
1600
- 65
- 1.50

0.75
m
0.665
m
Width of beam
x 20

=
=

ds =

380
- 65
- 0.50
x 16
Area resisting two - way shear =
= 2 x (b x db + ds/2 x ds + ds/2 x ds) + 2 x (D + db) ds

=
=
Design shear = Column load - soil pressure x area at critical section
Area at critical sect = (b + ds/2 + ds/2) x (D + db/2 + db/2)=
Design shear =
Desigh shear stress =

3330
( 2479

- ( 300
x 1000 )

x 2.836 )
/ ( 2.836

=
x 10 ^6 ) =

Permissible punching shear stress = 0.25 x sqrt (fck)

Cost of Raft Slab : Concrete quantity : Quantity of raft slab =


Quantity of raft beam =

1
1

x1
x2

x 5.00
x 5.00

x 4.97
x 1.00

Steel quantity : Raft slab reinforcement:


Nos. of steel in tansverse direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in tansverse direction (Bottom)=

16 #
16 #

@
@

Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =


Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Bot)=

12 #
12 #

@
@

Raft Beam reinforcement:


Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Bot)=

#REF!
#REF!
16 #

Stirrups: - Outer ring


Inner ring

1
1

x1
x3

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

Outer ring

x1

2 Legs

10 #

Inner ring

x2

2 Legs

10 #

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

10
0.62

12
0.89

Unit weight of steel : Bar Dia (mm)

Unit wt (kg/m)

0.22

0.39

Total quantity =

Individual footing if possible : - (At present, lift dimesion are considered which is availabe, however this dim
Footing size (m)
Depth (m)
Column No. C15
Column No. C16
Column No. C17
Column No. C18
Lift

L (m)
4
2.5
3.8
2.5
4

B (m)
3.7
2.35
1.8
2.35
4.7

D (m)
1.6
0.9
0.8
0.65
0.3

d (m)
0.38
0.23
0.23

328.005
331.495

Section (B x D)
600
450
600
300

T/m2
T/m2
T/m2
m

2
24.850 m

/6

20.708 m

/6

20.584 m

8.499 T

=
=
=

0.0
0.0
0.0

=
=

328.0
-331.5

3
3

-3.5
=
=
=

508.5 T
9.0 T m
7.5 T m

/ 20.6 )

2
21.26 T/m

Revise foundation 1.06


size

/ 20.6 )

2
19.66 T/m

Safe

2
4.19 T/m

dered similar to inverted slab - beam design.

x 1.50

2
312.86 kN/m

2
300.00 kN/m

(Consider maximum)
=
=
=

1600 mm
1600 mm
380 mm

1500 kN / m

1.00

Column C17
0.927

0.5
1.6
1.54
1.000
0.38
5.00

f 0.75m dia (i.e. 1.95 - 0.75/2 = 1.575m) @ Sec A=


m dia (i.e. 1.95 - 0.75/2 = 1.575m) @ Sec A=

1835 kN m
2292 kN

owards C17 of 0.75m dia (i.e. 0.75/2 = 0.375m) @ Sec B=


s C17 of 0.75m dia (i.e. 0.75/2 = 0.375m) @ Sec B=

1816 kN m
2348 kN

per metre width of slab=


700 / (1100 +0.87 fy)=

1000
mm
0.48

0.36 x fck x ku x (1 - 0.416 ku) =


R x fck x b x d

0.138

5909 KN m

- ( 0.5

1.536 m

1463 mm

1156 mm

width

2011 mm

- 0.927 )

322 kN

x 16 )

in

1000

mm

600 kN m

Safe

ve depth d from face of beam : 300


- ( 0.5
/ ( 1000

x (2.500

- 1.00 / 2

x 16 )

x 927 )

rt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

% of total cross section area


in

1000

mm

width

927 mm

2
0.35 N / mm

2
0.34 N / mm

2
1149 mm

2
1131 mm

depth of beam along its two opposite edges, and along the depth of slab on the remaining two edges.
0 / 2 mm) from face of column and on other side i.e. from face of beam, the critical section will be taken

n other side. The footing depth @ face of beam is 1600mm and @ edge 380mm, consider min i.e. 380mm).

Shear Reinf. Required

Unsafe

1000
1505

mm
mm

307

mm

4123897

mm

4.124

m2

2.836

m2

2479

kN

0.874

N / mm2

1.118

N / mm2

x 0.38
x ( 1.60

Safe

=
=

- 0.38 )

9.44
12.20

m3
m3

21.64

m3

100 c/c
#REF!

in Length
in Length

5.000 m
5.000 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

50 Bar Length =
#REF!
Bar Length =

100 c/c
100 c/c

in Length
in Length

4.970 m
4.970 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

50 Bar Length =
50 Bar Length =

#REF!
#REF!
13 Nos.

Bar Length =
Bar Length =
Bar Length =

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

3.125 m
3.125 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

21 Stirrups Bar Length =


21 Stirrups Bar Length =

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

2.260 m
2.260 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =


16 Stirrups Bar Length =

150 c/c

in Length

2.350 m

Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =

#REF!
#REF!
12.841 m

150 c/c

in Length

2.350 m

Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

1.825 m
1.825 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

13 Stirrups Bar Length =


13 Stirrups Bar Length =

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

0.950 m
0.950 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

7 Stirrups Bar Length =


7 Stirrups Bar Length =

16
1.58

Concrete =
Steel
=

20
2.47

25
3.85

32
6.17

21.64 m
#REF! kg

Rs/m

86572

Rs.

60

Rs/kg

#REF!
#REF!

Rs.
Rs.

considered which is availabe, however this dimesions are not enough.]


Reinforcement provided
Short direction
16 #
125
12 #
125
12 #
100
12 #
125
12 #
100

4000

Long direction
16 #
150
12 #
125
16 #
100
12 #
125
12 #
100

Concrete

Steel
3

quatity (m ) quatity (kg)


13.38
392
3.33
97
5.472
195
3.98
70
5.64
367

31.8
4000
127208

1121.0
60
67260

194468 Rs.

Pt= 0.14 %

Pt= 0.22 %

119
10.912
2051.674
3
9.443 m
3274 kg
3

71.2 m

Shear Reinf. Required

3
4000 Rs / m
45 Rs / Kg

2052
80.06

5.150 m
5.150 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

406.9 kg
#REF!

12.721 m Giving total wt =


12.721 m Giving total wt =

566.1 kg
566.1 kg

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

#REF!
#REF!
263.8 kg

4.700 m
3.200 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

61.2 kg
125.0 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

46.6 kg
66.5 kg

4.700 m

Giving total wt =

46.6 kg

3.350 m

Giving total wt =

66.5 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

37.9 kg
54.0 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

20.4 kg
29.1 kg
#REF!

#REF!

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 10 DWG NO. C1

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.3
0.6
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

P
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

146
115
120
120
114
110
117
116

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S
0
0
3
0
3
0
4
1

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

Trial Footing Size


Length - L
Width - B

2.80
3.10

M E_W
M N_S

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

Z_EW
800
77

4.1
mm
mm

Lf

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

1
0
0
1
0
1
0
2

L/B
1.11
AREA
8.68
Section Modulus
Z_NS
4.5

X
Xd =

m2
m3
m3

0.85
0.53
0.59
0.57
0.56
0.51
0.59
0.56

Ld

P-face

Load (T)

+
+

P-face

LOAD CASES
Case

B1 =

Pd

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

Pd

(Df) =

T/m

Pedge

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

20

De

Pedge

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld
2

B = 3.10 m

Footing Identifier =

For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)
Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
723

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.3
Xf
0.15
0.3
L (E-W)
2.8
Lf
1.25
1.25

B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

0.6
3.1
1.023
1.323

Xd
Ld

0.873
0.527

1.023
0.527
4.692

1.35

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.3+2*723/1000)+2.8)/2*(485.651063829787-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*2.8)

N-S

(((0.6+2*723/1000)+3.1)/2*(485.651063829787-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*3.1)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.37
0.55

0.43
0.8

C=

0.5115

0.6615

M_E-W

M_N-S

0.791

0.632

Shear due to Moment =

0.719862
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
3.20
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
65.24 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.516 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.03
0.02
0.76
0.07
0.71
0.03
1.00
0.15
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
24.38
20.72
21.38
21.29
20.63
20.21
21.04
20.93

20

0.12
0.11
0.08
0.29
0.10
0.13
0.10
0.37
#REF!

24.53
20.85
22.22
21.66
21.45
20.38
22.14
21.44
24.53

24.24
20.59
20.54
20.93
19.82
20.05
19.93
20.42
19.82

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
24.41
20.75
22.14
21.36
21.34
20.24
22.04
21.07

P-face
t/m2
24.39
20.73
21.46
21.30
20.71
20.22
21.14
20.94

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
7.97
for E_W
9.69
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

1.22
1.80
8680000
180000

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.30
0.60
2.80
3.10
800
230

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
45.64
PCC
1.05
RCC
3.92
Formwork
2.7
Reinforcement
133
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
133

3.92

35.314

0.96

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

1.25

+
-

Z-Axis

X - Axis

Lf =

Lpu =
1.023

+
+

1.25

Bpu =

B1 = 0.6

B=

1.32

L1 =0.30

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf = 0.15
Xd =0.873
L=

Lf

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

P-face

Pd

P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
17.01
129.39
13.34
14.70
14.14
13.93
12.86
97.35
14.63
102.74
13.92
102.48
97.35
Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
OK

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)
Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

2.8 m

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.85
25.00
0.53
25.00
0.59
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.51
25.00
0.59
25.00
0.56
0.85

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

L1 (E-W)=
B1 (N-S)=
d eff= 723

0.30 m
0.60 m
d eff/2= 362

OK
230

mm

Dcentre= 800

Dmin= 230

D (for one way shear)


D_os=486 For E-W
D_os=486 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=669 For E-W
D_ps=669 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

BP/2

0.527

Case I
No Tension

De

Ld
0.53

Ld

Pd

Lf =

Pd

Pedge

L (E-W)=

2.80 m

&

B (N-S) =

3.10 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
1.01 m

2
1.13 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bp
u*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
24.40
20.74
21.85
21.34
21.08
20.23
21.66
21.02

40.90
32.03
34.87
33.49
32.98
30.80
34.45
32.72
40.9
61.3
26.78

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
27.59
21.61
23.66
22.60
22.37
20.78
23.42
22.10
27.59
41.39

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
45.18
35.54
37.27
37.04
35.30
34.19
36.36
36.07
45.18
67.77

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
24.50
20.83
21.46
21.59
20.74
20.35
21.14
21.29

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
M-face
t/m2
t/m2
tm
24.40
20.74
21.40
21.35
20.66
20.24
21.06
21.00

24.46
20.79
21.44
21.49
20.70
20.30
21.10
21.17

37.08
29.06
30.46
30.61
28.86
27.99
29.74
29.92
37.08
55.62
26.83

0.38

0.38

0.107

0.108

0.12
2690

0.12
2429

2941
0.29

2714
0.24
38.33

32.67
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
66

Nos.
26

Pedestal

1 m3
6 m2

Dia
12

Spacing
125

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
67

Nos.
24

Dia
12

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

N-S only

V@De
t
25.03
19.62
20.56
20.69
19.49
18.90
20.08
20.23
25.03
37.54

35.28
32.81
Depth OK

Spacing
125

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 11 DWG NO. C2

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.3
0.6
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

P
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

147
118
120
118
116
110
112
109

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S
3
2
5
2
0
2
5
2

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

Trial Footing Size


Length - L
Width - B

2.90
3.20

M E_W
M N_S

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

Z_EW
800
77

4.5
mm
mm

Lf

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

L/B
1.10
AREA
9.28
Section Modulus
Z_NS
4.9

X
Xd =

m2
m3
m3

0.82
0.54
0.56
0.54
0.50
0.50
0.53
0.50

Ld

P-face

Load (T)

+
+

P-face

LOAD CASES
Case

B1 =

Pd

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

Pd

(Df) =

T/m

Pedge

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

20

De

Pedge

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld
2

B = 3.20 m

Footing Identifier =

For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)
Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
723

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.3
Xf
0.15
0.3
L (E-W)
2.9
Lf
1.3
1.3

B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

0.6
3.2
1.023
1.323

Xd
Ld

0.873
0.577

1.023
0.577
4.692

1.35

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.3+2*723/1000)+2.9)/2*(498.481632653061-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*2.9)

N-S

(((0.6+2*723/1000)+3.2)/2*(498.481632653061-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*3.2)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.37
0.56

0.43
0.81

C=

0.5115

0.6615

M_E-W

M_N-S

0.777

0.625

Shear due to Moment =

0.699272
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
3.20
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
69.74 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.515 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.62
0.48
1.07
0.52
0.07
0.37
1.11
0.42
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
23.38
20.22
20.40
20.20
20.03
19.32
19.54
19.29

20

0.01
0.23
0.02
0.21
0.00
0.28
0.03
0.26
#REF!

24.01
20.93
21.48
20.93
20.11
19.98
20.67
19.97
24.01

22.75
19.52
19.31
19.47
19.95
18.67
18.40
18.61
18.40

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
24.01
20.70
21.46
20.71
20.10
19.69
20.64
19.71

P-face
t/m2
23.45
20.27
20.51
20.25
20.03
19.36
19.65
19.33

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
8.12
for E_W
9.81
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

1.23
1.80
9280000
180000

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.30
0.60
2.90
3.20
800
230

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
48.50
PCC
1.12
RCC
4.18
Formwork
2.8
Reinforcement
143
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
143

4.18

35.314 0.969364

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

1.3

+
-

Z-Axis

X - Axis

Lf =

Lpu =
1.023

+
+

1.30

Bpu =

B1 = 0.6

B=

1.32

L1 =0.30

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf = 0.15
Xd =0.873
L=

Lf

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

P-face

Pd

P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
16.50
130.77
13.41
13.97
13.41
12.59
12.46
97.11
13.16
98.40
12.46
96.80
96.80
Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
OK

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)
Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

2.9 m

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.82
25.00
0.54
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.54
25.00
0.50
25.00
0.50
25.00
0.53
25.00
0.50
0.82

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

L1 (E-W)=
B1 (N-S)=
d eff= 723

0.30 m
0.60 m
d eff/2= 362

OK
230

mm

Dcentre= 800

Dmin= 230

D (for one way shear)


D_os=498 For E-W
D_os=498 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=674 For E-W
D_ps=674 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

BP/2

0.577

Case I
No Tension

De

Ld
0.58

Ld

Pd

Lf =

Pd

Pedge

L (E-W)=

2.90 m

&

B (N-S) =

3.20 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
1.07 m

2
1.19 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bp
u*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
23.76
20.51
21.04
20.51
20.07
19.54
20.20
19.54

44.09
35.27
36.85
35.27
33.97
32.63
34.61
32.63
44.1
66.1
27.36

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
30.22
24.17
25.36
24.18
23.21
22.35
23.84
22.36
30.22
45.33

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
45.58
36.64
37.12
36.56
36.08
34.09
34.69
33.99
45.58
68.37

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
23.39
20.45
20.41
20.41
20.03
19.61
19.56
19.55

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
M-face
t/m2
t/m2
tm
23.39
20.27
20.40
20.24
20.03
19.38
19.54
19.34

23.39
20.37
20.41
20.33
20.03
19.50
19.55
19.45

38.90
31.55
31.60
31.45
30.67
29.44
29.51
29.32
38.90
58.36
27.00

0.40

0.38

0.112

0.109

0.12
2776

0.12
2516

3054
0.29

2827
0.24
38.04

33.61
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
71

Nos.
27

Pedestal

1 m3
6 m2

Dia
12

Spacing
125

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
72

Nos.
25

Dia
12

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

N-S only

V@De
t
26.57
21.58
21.58
21.51
20.94
20.15
20.15
20.06
26.57
39.85

35.10
32.60
Depth OK

Spacing
125

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 12 DWG NO. C3

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.3
0.6
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

P
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

142
114
117
114
110
102
106
102

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S
1
1
2
1
4
1
3
1

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

Trial Footing Size


Length - L
Width - B

2.80
3.10

M E_W
M N_S

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

Z_EW
800
77

4.1
mm
mm

Lf

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

L/B
1.11
AREA
8.68
Section Modulus
Z_NS
4.5

X
Xd =

m2
m3
m3

0.84
0.54
0.56
0.54
0.55
0.49
0.51
0.49

Ld

P-face

Load (T)

+
+

P-face

LOAD CASES
Case

B1 =

Pd

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

Pd

(Df) =

T/m

Pedge

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

20

De

Pedge

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld
2

B = 3.10 m

Footing Identifier =

For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)
Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
723

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.3
Xf
0.15
0.3
L (E-W)
2.8
Lf
1.25
1.25

B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

0.6
3.1
1.023
1.323

Xd
Ld

0.873
0.527

1.023
0.527
4.692

1.35

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.3+2*723/1000)+2.8)/2*(485.651063829787-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*2.8)

N-S

(((0.6+2*723/1000)+3.1)/2*(485.651063829787-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*3.1)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.37
0.55

0.43
0.8

C=

0.5115

0.6615

M_E-W

M_N-S

0.791

0.632

Shear due to Moment =

0.719862
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
3.20
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
65.24 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.516 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.34
0.29
0.44
0.25
0.99
0.28
0.64
0.23
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
23.89
20.61
21.01
20.62
20.22
19.22
19.72
19.24

20

0.01
0.23
0.01
0.24
0.02
0.29
0.01
0.30
#REF!

24.23
21.13
21.46
21.11
21.22
19.79
20.37
19.77
24.23

23.54
20.09
20.55
20.12
19.21
18.66
19.07
18.70
18.66

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
24.23
20.90
21.45
20.87
21.21
19.50
20.36
19.47

P-face
t/m2
23.92
20.64
21.05
20.64
20.32
19.25
19.79
19.26

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
7.97
for E_W
9.69
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

1.18
1.80
8680000
180000

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.30
0.60
2.80
3.10
800
230

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
45.64
PCC
1.05
RCC
3.92
Formwork
2.7
Reinforcement
133
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
133

3.92

35.314 0.961432

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

1.25

+
-

Z-Axis

X - Axis

Lf =

Lpu =
1.023

+
+

1.25

Bpu =

B1 = 0.6

B=

1.32

L1 =0.30

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf = 0.15
Xd =0.873
L=

Lf

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

P-face

Pd

P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
16.72
125.38
13.61
13.94
13.60
13.71
12.27
89.35
12.85
93.09
12.25
89.47
89.35
Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
OK

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)
Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

2.8 m

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.84
25.00
0.54
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.54
25.00
0.55
25.00
0.49
25.00
0.51
25.00
0.49
0.84

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

L1 (E-W)=
B1 (N-S)=
d eff= 723

0.30 m
0.60 m
d eff/2= 362

OK
230

mm

Dcentre= 800

Dmin= 230

D (for one way shear)


D_os=486 For E-W
D_os=486 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=669 For E-W
D_ps=669 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

BP/2

0.527

Case I
No Tension

De

Ld
0.53

Ld

Pd

Lf =

Pd

Pedge

L (E-W)=

2.80 m

&

B (N-S) =

3.10 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
1.01 m

2
1.13 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bp
u*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
24.10
20.79
21.28
20.78
20.84
19.40
20.12
19.38

40.23
32.20
33.42
32.16
32.45
28.83
30.65
28.78
40.2
60.3
26.56

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
27.20
21.77
22.63
21.74
22.06
19.50
20.79
19.45
27.20
40.79

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
43.87
35.23
36.28
35.25
34.21
31.58
32.89
31.61
43.87
65.81

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
23.89
20.84
21.01
20.86
20.24
19.51
19.73
19.54

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
M-face
t/m2
t/m2
tm
23.89
20.65
21.01
20.66
20.22
19.28
19.72
19.29

23.89
20.76
21.01
20.77
20.23
19.41
19.73
19.44

35.82
29.01
29.52
29.04
27.82
26.07
26.71
26.12
35.82
53.73
26.37

0.37

0.37

0.105

0.104

0.12
2690

0.12
2429

2941
0.29

2714
0.24
38.33

32.20
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
66

Nos.
26

Pedestal

1 m3
6 m2

Dia
12

Spacing
125

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
67

Nos.
24

Dia
12

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

N-S only

V@De
t
24.16
19.60
19.92
19.63
18.77
17.63
18.02
17.66
24.16
36.24

35.28
31.68
Depth OK

Spacing
125

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
Footing Identifier =

ETABS NO. 13, 14 & 15 DWG NO. C4, C5 & C6

+
-

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.3
0.6
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

P
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

109
87
88
87
86
82
83
82

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S
3
2
5
2
0
2
5
2

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

Trial Footing Size


Length - L
Width - B

2.50
2.80

M E_W
M N_S

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

Z_EW
700
77

2.9
mm
mm

Lf

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

L/B
1.12
AREA
7
Section Modulus
Z_NS
3.3

X
Xd =

m2
m3
m3

0.82
0.54
0.57
0.54
0.49
0.50
0.54
0.50

Ld

P-face

Load (T)

+
+

P-face

LOAD CASES
Case

B1 =

1.8

Pd

Pd

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

Pedge

(Df) =

T/m

De

Pedge

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

20

B = 2.80 m

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld

For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)
Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
623

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.3
Xf
0.15
0.3
L (E-W)
2.5
Lf
1.1
1.1

B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

0.6
2.8
0.923
1.223

Xd
Ld

0.773
0.477

0.923
0.477
4.292

1.13

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.3+2*623/1000)+2.5)/2*(448.721951219512-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*2.5)

N-S

(((0.6+2*623/1000)+2.8)/2*(448.721951219512-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*2.8)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.37
0.36

0.43
0.55

C=

0.4615

0.6115

M_E-W

M_N-S

1.209

0.92

Shear due to Moment =

1.520853
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
3.30
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
52.44 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.491 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.90
0.72
1.55
0.72
0.10
0.55
1.58
0.54
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
23.02
19.92
20.11
19.92
19.73
19.15
19.38
19.15

20

0.00
0.33
0.02
0.33
0.02
0.40
0.02
0.41
#REF!

23.93
20.97
21.67
20.96
19.85
20.10
20.98
20.11
23.93

22.12
18.87
18.54
18.87
19.61
18.20
17.79
18.19
17.79

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
23.93
20.64
21.65
20.64
19.83
19.70
20.96
19.69

P-face
t/m2
23.13
20.00
20.29
20.00
19.74
19.21
19.57
19.21

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
7.06
for E_W
9.16
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

0.91
1.80
7000000
180000

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.30
0.60
2.50
2.80
700
230

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
37.58
PCC
0.87
RCC
2.91
Formwork
2.4
Reinforcement
107
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
107

2.91

35.314 1.040964

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

1.1

+
-

Z-Axis

X - Axis

Lf =

Lpu =
0.923

+
+

1.10

Bpu =

B1 = 0.6

B=

1.22

L1 =0.30

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf = 0.15
Xd =0.773
L=

Lf

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

P-face

Pd

P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
16.44
92.29
13.48
14.18
13.47
12.36
12.61
68.98
13.49
69.76
12.62
68.99
68.98
Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
OK

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)
Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

2.5 m

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.82
25.00
0.54
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.54
25.00
0.49
25.00
0.50
25.00
0.54
25.00
0.50
0.82

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

L1 (E-W)=
B1 (N-S)=
d eff= 623

0.30 m
0.60 m
d eff/2= 312

OK
230

mm

Dcentre= 700

Dmin= 230

D (for one way shear)


D_os=449 For E-W
D_os=449 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=599 For E-W
D_ps=599 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

BP/2

0.477

Case I
No Tension

De

Ld
0.48

Ld

Pd

Lf =

Pd

Pedge

L (E-W)=

2.50 m

&

B (N-S) =

2.80 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
0.82 m

2
0.94 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bp
u*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
23.58
20.36
21.06
20.36
19.79
19.49
20.36
19.49

27.39
21.92
23.22
21.91
20.85
20.40
22.04
20.40
27.4
41.1
23.06

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
21.72
17.38
18.52
17.38
16.46
16.16
17.59
16.16
21.72
32.58

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
42.23
34.09
34.58
34.09
33.59
32.07
32.69
32.07
42.23
63.34

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
23.02
20.24
20.12
20.24
19.75
19.55
19.40
19.56

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
M-face
t/m2
t/m2
tm
23.02
19.99
20.11
19.99
19.73
19.23
19.39
19.24

23.02
20.13
20.12
20.13
19.74
19.41
19.40
19.42

23.49
19.16
19.10
19.16
18.53
18.08
18.01
18.09
23.49
35.24
22.60

0.38

0.36

0.107

0.103

0.12
2093

0.12
1869

2714
0.33

2375
0.25
40.34

31.30
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
54

Nos.
24

Pedestal

1 m3
6 m2

Dia
12

Spacing
125

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
53

Nos.
21

Dia
12

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

N-S only

V@De
t
18.52
15.14
15.06
15.14
14.61
14.30
14.20
14.31
18.52
27.78

36.14
29.90
Depth OK

Spacing
125

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 16 DWG NO. C7

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.3
0.6
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

P
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

89
71
73
72
70
65
67
66

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S
1
1
3
1
2
0
3
0

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

Trial Footing Size


Length - L
Width - B

2.20
2.50

M E_W
M N_S

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

Z_EW
600
77

2.0
mm
mm

Lf

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

L/B
1.14
AREA
5.5
Section Modulus
Z_NS
2.3

X
Xd =

m2
m3
m3

0.83
0.55
0.59
0.55
0.54
0.50
0.55
0.50

Ld

P-face

Load (T)

+
+

P-face

LOAD CASES
Case

B1 =

Pd

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

Pd

(Df) =

T/m

Pedge

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

20

De

Pedge

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld
2

B = 2.50 m

Footing Identifier =

For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)
Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
523

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.3
Xf
0.15
0.3
L (E-W)
2.2
Lf
0.95
0.95

B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

0.6
2.5
0.823
1.123

Xd
Ld

0.673
0.427

0.823
0.427
3.892

0.92

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.3+2*523/1000)+2.2)/2*(410.56-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*2.2)

N-S

(((0.6+2*523/1000)+2.5)/2*(410.56-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*2.5)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.36
0.23

0.44
0.36

C=

0.4115

0.5615

M_E-W

M_N-S

1.841

1.438

Shear due to Moment =

3.462729
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
3.40
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
41.06 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.466 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.37
0.34
1.46
0.26
0.86
0.15
1.55
0.05
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
23.71
20.44
20.74
20.47
20.17
19.36
19.73
19.40

20

0.02
0.45
0.01
0.49
0.05
0.55
0.01
0.63
#REF!

24.10
21.23
22.20
21.22
21.08
20.06
21.29
20.08
24.10

23.31
19.65
19.28
19.73
19.27
18.66
18.18
18.72
18.18

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
24.08
20.78
22.20
20.73
21.04
19.51
21.28
19.45

P-face
t/m2
23.76
20.49
20.94
20.51
20.29
19.38
19.94
19.41

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
7.49
for E_W
9.71
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

0.74
1.80
5500000
180000

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.30
0.60
2.20
2.50
600
230

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
30.31
PCC
0.70
RCC
2.09
Formwork
2.2
Reinforcement
72
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
72

2.09

35.314 0.976345

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

0.95

+
-

Z-Axis

X - Axis

Lf =

Lpu =
0.823

+
+

0.95

Bpu =

B1 = 0.6

B=

1.12

L1 =0.30

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf = 0.15
Xd =0.673
L=

Lf

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

P-face

Pd

P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
16.64
72.68
13.77
14.74
13.76
13.62
12.59
52.81
13.82
53.64
12.61
53.02
52.81
Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
OK

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)
Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

2.2 m

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.83
25.00
0.55
25.00
0.59
25.00
0.55
25.00
0.54
25.00
0.50
25.00
0.55
25.00
0.50
0.83

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

L1 (E-W)=
B1 (N-S)=
d eff= 523

0.30 m
0.60 m
d eff/2= 262

OK
230

mm

Dcentre= 600

Dmin= 230

D (for one way shear)


D_os=411 For E-W
D_os=411 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=527 For E-W
D_ps=527 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

BP/2

0.427

Case I
No Tension

De

Ld
0.43

Ld

Pd

Lf =

Pd

Pedge

L (E-W)=

2.20 m

&

B (N-S) =

2.50 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
0.66 m

2
0.76 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bp
u*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
23.93
20.65
21.63
20.63
20.70
19.45
20.68
19.43

18.62
14.91
16.15
14.88
15.03
13.54
15.08
13.50
18.6
27.9
20.12

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
17.66
14.14
15.42
14.11
14.31
12.83
14.43
12.78
17.66
26.48

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
45.86
37.34
38.12
37.42
36.64
34.51
35.49
34.61
45.86
68.79

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
23.73
20.89
20.75
20.97
20.22
19.91
19.74
20.03

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
M-face
t/m2
t/m2
tm
23.71
20.55
20.74
20.59
20.19
19.49
19.73
19.55

23.72
20.74
20.75
20.80
20.20
19.72
19.74
19.81

16.14
13.22
13.18
13.28
12.65
12.21
12.18
12.31
16.14
24.21
19.97

0.41

0.40

0.116

0.114

0.12
1569

0.12
1381

2036
0.31

1810
0.24
39.34

31.76
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
36

Nos.
18

Pedestal

1 m3
6 m2

Dia
12

Spacing
150

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
36

Nos.
16

Dia
12

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

N-S only

V@De
t
15.27
12.54
12.48
12.60
11.97
11.60
11.53
11.70
15.27
22.91

35.24
31.22
Depth OK

Spacing
150

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 17 DWG NO. C8

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.3
0.6
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

P
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

69
58
58
53
52
60
60
54

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S
0
0
3
0
2
1
4
0

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

Trial Footing Size


Length - L
Width - B

1.95
2.25

M E_W
M N_S

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

Z_EW
500
77

1.4
mm
mm

Lf

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

0
1
0
1
0
2
0
1

L/B
1.15
AREA
4.3875
Section Modulus
Z_NS
1.6

X
Xd =

m2
m3
m3

0.81
0.57
0.62
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.67
0.52

Ld

P-face

Load (T)

+
+

P-face

LOAD CASES
Case

B1 =

Pd

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

Pd

(Df) =

T/m

Pedge

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

20

De

Pedge

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld
2

B = 2.25 m

Footing Identifier =

For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)
Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
423

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.3
Xf
0.15
0.3
L (E-W)
1.95
Lf
0.825
0.825

B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

0.6
2.25
0.723
1.023

Xd
Ld

0.573
0.402

0.723
0.402
3.492

0.74

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.3+2*423/1000)+1.95)/2*(374.72-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*1.95)

N-S

(((0.6+2*423/1000)+2.25)/2*(374.72-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*2.25)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.36
0.13

0.44
0.22

C=

0.3615

0.5115

M_E-W

M_N-S

3.258

2.353

Shear due to Moment =

9.37354
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
3.50
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
32.64 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.439 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.23
0.29
1.95
0.08
1.59
0.50
2.59
0.25
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
23.20
20.59
20.76
19.51
19.34
21.01
21.22
19.65

20

0.23
0.73
0.21
0.36
0.16
0.91
0.27
0.45
#REF!

23.66
21.61
22.93
19.95
21.08
22.42
24.07
20.34
24.07

22.74
19.58
18.60
19.07
17.59
19.59
18.36
18.95
17.59

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
23.43
20.88
22.72
19.59
20.93
21.51
23.81
19.90

P-face
t/m2
23.24
20.64
21.06
19.52
19.58
21.09
21.62
19.69

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
5.65
for E_W
7.39
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

0.58
1.80
4387500
180000

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.30
0.60
1.95
2.25
500
230

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
24.84
PCC
0.57
RCC
1.50
Formwork
1.9
Reinforcement
69
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
69

1.50

35.314 1.302442

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

Lf = 0.825

X - Axis

Lf =

Lpu =
0.723

+
+

0.83

Bpu =

B1 = 0.6

B=

1.02

L1 =0.30

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf = 0.15
Xd =0.573
L = 1.95 m

Lf

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)
Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

P-face

Pd

P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
16.22
52.94
14.17
15.49
12.51
13.64
14.98
44.55
16.64
43.82
12.90
40.67
40.67
Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
OK

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.81
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.62
25.00
0.50
25.00
0.55
25.00
0.60
25.00
0.67
25.00
0.52
0.81

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

L1 (E-W)=
B1 (N-S)=
d eff= 423

0.30 m
0.60 m
d eff/2= 212

OK
230

mm

Dcentre= 500

Dmin= 230

D (for one way shear)


D_os=375 For E-W
D_os=375 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=455 For E-W
D_ps=455 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

+
-

Z-Axis

Case I
No Tension

BP/2

0.402

Ld
0.40

De

Pd

Ld

Pd

Pedge

L (E-W)=

1.95 m

&

B (N-S) =

2.25 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
0.52 m

2
0.61 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bp
u*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
23.34
20.76
21.91
19.55
20.27
21.30
22.74
19.79

12.20
10.23
11.28
9.28
9.98
10.67
11.97
9.48
12.2
18.3
17.16

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
14.42
12.10
13.45
10.97
11.90
12.63
14.32
11.22
14.42
21.63

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
52.90
45.70
46.16
42.69
42.23
46.84
47.42
43.09
52.90
79.35

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
23.43
21.32
20.98
19.87
19.49
21.92
21.49
20.10

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
M-face
t/m2
t/m2
tm
23.26
20.79
20.82
19.60
19.38
21.25
21.29
19.77

23.35
21.06
20.90
19.74
19.44
21.59
21.39
19.94

10.58
9.09
8.95
8.19
7.97
9.46
9.28
8.33
10.58
15.86
17.17

0.45

0.45

0.129

0.129

0.12
1231

0.12
1068

2149
0.41

1923
0.31
44.23

32.29
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
34

Nos.
19

Pedestal

1 m3
6 m2

Dia
12

Spacing
125

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
35

Nos.
17

Dia
12

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

N-S only

V@De
t
12.51
10.78
10.58
9.69
9.43
11.22
10.97
9.86
12.51
18.76

39.57
32.31
Depth OK

Spacing
125

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 7 & 6 DWG NO. C9 & C13

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

(Df) =

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

20

T/m

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.6
0.45
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

LOAD CASES
Case

Load (T)
P

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S

256
201
204
210
206
185
190
197

0
0
3
0
3
1
3
0

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

0.94
m2

Length - L

3.95

M E_W

AREA

Width - B

3.70

M N_S

Section Modulus
Z_NS
9.0

m3

Z_EW

m3

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

1000
81

14.615

9.6
mm
mm

+
+
Xd =

0.89
0.57
0.57
0.60
0.58
0.53
0.54
0.57
For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Trial Footing Size


L/B

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

2
4
1
6
1
5
1
7

De

B1 =

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld

B = 3.70 m

Footing Identifier =

Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
919

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.6
Xf
0.3
0.225

L (E-W)
B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

3.95
0.45
3.7
1.519
1.369

Lf
Xd
Ld

1.675
1.219
0.756

1.625
1.144
0.706
5.776

2.08

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.6+2*919/1000)+3.95)/2*(672.95-380)/1000)+((380-81)/1000*3.95)

N-S

(((0.45+2*919/1000)+3.7)/2*(662.4-380)/1000)+((380-81)/1000*3.7)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.41
1.8

0.39
1.53

C=

0.7595

0.6845

M_E-W

M_N-S

0.268

0.3

Shear due to Moment =

0.14451
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
3.00
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
111.56 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.633 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.04
0.05
0.28
0.01
0.34
0.06
0.34
0.02
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
25.18
21.36
21.59
21.98
21.75
20.32
20.61
21.10

20

0.17
0.41
0.12
0.68
0.16
0.55
0.11
0.82
#REF!

25.39
21.82
21.98
22.68
22.24
20.93
21.07
21.94
25.39

24.97
20.90
21.20
21.29
21.26
19.71
20.16
20.27
19.71

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
25.22
21.41
21.87
21.99
22.09
20.38
20.96
21.12

P-face
t/m2
25.18
21.36
21.63
21.98
21.80
20.33
20.67
21.11

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
9.40
for E_W
8.05
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

1.42
1.80
14615000
270000

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.60
0.45
3.95
3.70
1000
380

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
73.61
PCC
1.70
RCC
9.04
Formwork
5.8
Reinforcement
335
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
335

9.04

35.314 1.049317

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

Lf = 1.675

Lf =

X - Axis

Lpu1.519
=

+
+

1.63

Bpu =

0.5

B1 =

B=

1.37

L1 =0.60

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf =0.30
Xd 1.219
=
L = 3.95 m

Lf

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Pd

P-face
P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
17.75
14.18
14.35
15.04
14.61
13.30
13.44
14.30
172.13

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

238.67

172.13
176.27
182.57

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.89
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.60
25.00
0.58
25.00
0.53
25.00
0.54
25.00
0.57
0.89

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK

L1 (E-W)=

0.60 m

Stress (NS)

Depth OK

B1 (N-S)=

0.45 m

Depth (bending)

Depth OK
OK

Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

d eff= 919

d eff/2= 460

OK
380

mm

Dcentre= 1000

Dmin= 380

D (for one way shear)


D_os=673 For E-W
D_os=662 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=858 For E-W
D_ps=853 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

+
-

Z-Axis

Case I
No Tension

BP/2

0.756

Ld
0.71

De

Pd

Ld

Pd

ED

Pedge

L (E-W)=

3.95 m

&

B (N-S) =

3.70 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
2.12 m

2
1.95 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bpu
*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
25.20
21.39
21.76
21.99
21.96
20.36
20.83
21.11

91.21
71.41
73.47
74.52
74.52
66.09
68.65
69.97
91.2
136.8
36.60

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
49.16
38.50
39.67
40.16
40.25
35.64
37.09
37.71
49.16
73.74

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
49.17
38.49
39.14
40.24
39.59
35.60
36.41
37.78
49.17
73.76

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
25.35
21.77
21.71
22.67
21.90
20.87
20.72
21.92

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
t/m2
t/m2
25.20
21.41
21.60
22.07
21.77
20.39
20.63
21.20

25.28
21.61
21.66
22.40
21.85
20.66
20.68
21.61

M-face
tm
92.13
73.08
73.22
77.35
74.19
68.19
68.10
73.27
92.13
138.20
35.60

0.44

0.41

0.125

0.118

0.12
4235

0.12
4356

5228
0.25

5630
0.29
35.73

33.67
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
167

Nos.
26

Pedestal

1 m3
6 m2

Dia
16

Spacing
150

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
168

Nos.
28

Dia
16

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

-S only

V@De
t
49.31
39.19
39.19
41.56
39.72
36.62
36.45
39.41
49.31
73.97

38.17
32.21
Depth OK

Spacing
150

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 8 DWG NO. C12

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

(Df) =

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

20

T/m

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.6
0.45
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

LOAD CASES
Case

Load (T)
P

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S

164
136
131
126
131
125
119
114

1
1
2
1
3
1
2
1

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

0.95

Length - L

3.20

M E_W

AREA

9.76

m2

Width - B

3.05

M N_S

Section Modulus
Z_NS
5.0

m3

Z_EW

m3

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

900
z

5.2
mm
mm

+
+
Xd =

0.86
0.61
0.56
0.56
0.57
0.57
0.51
0.52
For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Trial Footing Size


L/B

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

1
6
1
4
1
7
1
5

De

B1 =

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld
2

B = 3.05 m

Footing Identifier =

Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'= #VALUE!

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.6
Xf
0.3
0.225

L (E-W)
B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

3.2
0.45
3.05
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Lf
Xd
Ld

1.3
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

1.3
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!

E-W

N-S

a=
J=

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

C=

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

M_E-W

M_N-S

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

#VALUE!

N-S

#VALUE!

Shear due to Moment =

#VALUE!
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
3.10
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
73.67 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.548 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.16
0.10
0.35
0.16
0.61
0.10
0.46
0.17
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
24.32
21.43
20.93
20.50
21.01
20.39
19.76
19.22

20

0.19
1.14
0.17
0.84
0.13
1.38
0.16
1.10
#REF!

24.67
22.68
21.44
21.50
21.74
21.87
20.38
20.49
24.67

23.97
20.19
20.41
19.50
20.27
18.91
19.13
17.95
17.95

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
24.48
21.54
21.28
20.66
21.61
20.49
20.22
19.39

P-face
t/m2
24.35
21.45
20.99
20.53
21.12
20.41
19.84
19.25

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
#VALUE! for E_W
#VALUE!
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

0.91
1.80
9760000
270000

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.60
0.45
3.20
3.05
900
230

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
50.77
PCC
1.17
RCC
4.85
Formwork
2.9
Reinforcement
149
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
149

4.85

35.314 0.870427

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

1.3

Bpu = ####

0.5

Lf =

X - Axis

Lpu =
#VALUE!

+
+

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Xf =0.30

Pedge

Xd #VALUE!
=
L = 3.2 m

Lf

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Pd

P-face
P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
17.12
15.13
13.90
13.95
14.19
14.32
12.84
12.94
100.99

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

146.59

111.03
106.33
100.99

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.86
25.00
0.61
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.51
25.00
0.52
0.86

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

Fdn Size OK
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

L1 (E-W)=

0.60 m

Stress (NS)

#VALUE!

B1 (N-S)=

0.45 m

Depth (bending)

Depth OK
#VALUE!

Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

OK
230

mm

Dcentre= 900

Dmin= 230

D (for one way shear)


#VALUE! For E-W
#VALUE! For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


#VALUE! For E-W
#VALUE! For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

L1 =0.60

B1 =

B=

+
-

Z-Axis

Case I
No Tension

BP/2

#VALUE!

Ld
#VALUE!

De

1.30

Ld

Pd

Lf =

Pd

ED

Pedge

L (E-W)=

3.20 m

&

B (N-S) =

3.05 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
#VALUE! m

2
#VALUE! m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bpu
*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t

Punch.sh
strs t/m2

43.53 #VALUE! #VALUE!


35.98 #VALUE! #VALUE!
35.14 #VALUE! #VALUE!
33.67 #VALUE! #VALUE!
35.82 #VALUE! #VALUE!
33.29 #VALUE! #VALUE!
32.34 #VALUE! #VALUE!
30.40 #VALUE! #VALUE!
43.5
#VALUE! #VALUE!
65.3
#VALUE! #VALUE!
27.85
Depth OK
111.80
#VALUE!

P-edge
t/m2
24.51
22.58
21.10
21.34
21.13
21.77
19.92
20.32

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
t/m2
t/m2
24.35
21.60
20.95
20.62
21.02
20.59
19.78
19.38

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

M-face
tm
45.71
39.76
36.50
36.65
36.64
37.40
33.33
33.70
45.71
68.57
27.86

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

0.12
#VALUE!

0.12
#VALUE!

2941
#VALUE!

3054
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
75

Nos.
26

Pedestal

1 m3
7 m2

Dia
12

Spacing
125

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
74

Nos.
27

Dia
12

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

-S only

V@De
t
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Spacing
125

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 18, 19, 20 DWG NO. C10, 11, 14

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

(Df) =

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

20

T/m

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.75
0.75
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

LOAD CASES
Case

Load (T)
P

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

420
338
335
334
337
282
278
277

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S
2
2
6
2
10
2
8
2

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.2

1.00
m2

Length - L

4.95

M E_W

AREA

Width - B

4.95

M N_S

Section Modulus
Z_NS
20.2

m3

Z_EW

m3

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

1300
81

24.5025

20.2
mm
mm

+
+
Xd =

0.87
0.57
0.56
0.57
0.57
0.49
0.47
0.50
For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Trial Footing Size


L/B

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

2
8
1
11
2
10
1
13

De

B1 =

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld

B = 4.95 m

Footing Identifier =

Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
1219

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.75
Xf
0.375
0.375

L (E-W)
B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

4.95
0.75
4.95
1.969
1.969

Lf
Xd
Ld

2.1
1.594
0.881

2.1
1.594
0.881
7.876

3.88

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.75+2*1219/1000)+4.95)/2*(780-380)/1000)+((380-81)/1000*4.95)

N-S

(((0.75+2*1219/1000)+4.95)/2*(780-380)/1000)+((380-81)/1000*4.95)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.4
5.33

0.4
5.33

C=

0.9845

0.9845

M_E-W

M_N-S

0.088

0.088

Shear due to Moment =

0.015419
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
2.70
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
189.11 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.718 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.11
0.10
0.31
0.08
0.48
0.11
0.40
0.08
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
24.86
21.52
21.38
21.34
21.48
19.25
19.07
19.02

20

0.08
0.40
0.05
0.52
0.08
0.51
0.04
0.64
#REF!

25.04
22.02
21.74
21.94
22.03
19.87
19.51
19.74
25.04

24.68
21.03
21.03
20.74
20.92
18.62
18.63
18.30
18.30

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
24.97
21.62
21.69
21.42
21.96
19.35
19.47
19.10

P-face
t/m2
24.88
21.54
21.43
21.35
21.55
19.26
19.13
19.03

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
9.70
for E_W
9.70
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

1.12
1.80
24502500
562500

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.75
0.75
4.95
4.95
1300
380

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
119.35
PCC
2.76
RCC
18.14
Formwork
7.5
Reinforcement
590
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
590

18.14

35.314 0.921218

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

2.1

+
-

Z-Axis

Lf =

X - Axis

Lpu1.969
=

+
+

2.10

Bpu =

0.8

B1 =

B=

1.97

L1 =0.75

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf =0.38
Xd 1.594
=
L = 4.95 m

Lf

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Pd

P-face
P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
17.33
14.30
14.02
14.22
14.32
12.15
11.80
12.02
264.82

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

402.69

270.31
266.42
264.82

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.87
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.49
25.00
0.47
24.00
0.50
0.87

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK

L1 (E-W)=

0.75 m

Stress (NS)

Depth OK

B1 (N-S)=

0.75 m

Depth (bending)

Depth OK
OK

Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

d eff= 1219

d eff/2= 610

OK
380

mm

Dcentre= 1300

Dmin= 380

D (for one way shear)


D_os=780 For E-W
D_os=780 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=1066 For E-W
D_ps=1066 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

BP/2

0.881

Case I
No Tension

De

Ld
0.88

Ld

Pd

Lf =

Pd

ED

Pedge

L (E-W)=

4.95 m

&

B (N-S) =

4.95 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
3.11 m

2
3.11 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bpu
*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
24.93
21.58
21.58
21.39
21.79
19.32
19.33
19.07

187.93
151.43
151.59
149.27
153.94
126.67
127.05
123.96
187.9
281.9
45.42

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
75.14
60.55
60.71
59.67
61.73
50.66
50.94
49.57
75.14
112.70

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
45.60
36.72
36.36
36.24
36.60
30.67
30.21
30.06
45.60
68.40

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
24.94
21.92
21.43
21.86
21.55
19.76
19.12
19.65

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
t/m2
t/m2
24.87
21.58
21.39
21.42
21.49
19.32
19.08
19.11

24.91
21.78
21.41
21.68
21.53
19.58
19.10
19.43

M-face
tm
187.70
153.80
149.53
152.76
150.78
129.85
124.27
128.31
187.70
281.55
45.40

0.38

0.38

0.109

0.109

0.12
7241

0.12
7241

7439
0.24

7439
0.24
35.25

32.56
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
295

Nos.
37

Pedestal

2 m3
8 m2

Dia
16

Spacing
140

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
295

Nos.
37

Dia
16

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

-S only

V@De
t
75.03
61.63
59.77
61.27
60.28
52.11
49.67
51.56
75.03
112.54

35.25
32.51
Depth OK

Spacing
140

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 9 DWG NO. C16

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

(Df) =

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

20

T/m

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.6
0.45
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

LOAD CASES
Case

Load (T)
P

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S

161
134
131
124
127
136
132
123

2
1
1
2
4
1
2
2

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

0.95
m2

Length - L

3.25

M E_W

AREA

Width - B

3.10

M N_S

Section Modulus
Z_NS
5.2

m3

Z_EW

m3

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

900
77

10.075

5.5
mm
mm

+
+
Xd =

0.85
0.60
0.55
0.52
0.56
0.62
0.56
0.53
For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Trial Footing Size


L/B

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

4
8
3
2
3
9
3
4

De

B1 =

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld
2

B = 3.10 m

Footing Identifier =

Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
823

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.6
Xf
0.3
0.225

L (E-W)
B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

3.25
0.45
3.1
1.423
1.273

Lf
Xd
Ld

1.325
1.123
0.502

1.325
1.048
0.502
5.392

1.81

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.6+2*823/1000)+3.25)/2*(499-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*3.25)

N-S

(((0.45+2*823/1000)+3.1)/2*(499-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*3.1)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.41
1.22

0.39
1.04

C=

0.7115

0.6365

M_E-W

M_N-S

0.395

0.441

Shear due to Moment =

0.305675
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
3.10
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
76.04 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.547 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.31
0.22
0.23
0.28
0.73
0.26
0.30
0.33
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
23.55
20.85
20.56
19.84
20.14
21.00
20.63
19.74

20

0.73
1.58
0.60
0.41
0.57
1.77
0.55
0.71
#REF!

24.59
22.65
21.38
20.53
21.43
23.03
21.48
20.78
24.59

22.50
19.04
19.73
19.15
18.84
18.96
19.78
18.70
18.70

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
23.86
21.07
20.78
20.12
20.86
21.26
20.93
20.07

P-face
t/m2
23.60
20.89
20.60
19.89
20.27
21.05
20.69
19.80

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
9.07
for E_W
8.03
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

0.90
1.80
10075000
270000

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.60
0.45
3.25
3.10
900
230

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
52.26
PCC
1.21
RCC
5.00
Formwork
2.9
Reinforcement
166
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
166

5.00

35.314 0.940893

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

Lf = 1.325

Lf =

X - Axis

Lpu1.423
=

+
+

1.33

Bpu =

0.5

B1 =

B=

1.27

L1 =0.60

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf =0.30
Xd 1.123
=
L = 3.25 m

Lf

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Pd

P-face
P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
17.04
15.11
13.84
12.98
13.89
15.49
13.94
13.23
109.61

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

144.14

120.04
117.89
109.61

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.85
25.00
0.60
25.00
0.55
25.00
0.52
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.62
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.53
0.85

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK

L1 (E-W)=

0.60 m

Stress (NS)

Depth OK

B1 (N-S)=

0.45 m

Depth (bending)

Depth OK
OK

Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

d eff= 823

d eff/2= 412

OK
230

mm

Dcentre= 900

Dmin= 230

D (for one way shear)


D_os=499 For E-W
D_os=499 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=730 For E-W
D_ps=730 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

+
-

Z-Axis

Case I
No Tension

BP/2

0.502

Ld
0.50

De

Pd

Ld

Pd

ED

Pedge

L (E-W)=

3.25 m

&

B (N-S) =

3.10 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
1.24 m

2
1.17 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bpu
*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
23.76
21.00
20.71
20.03
20.64
21.18
20.84
19.97

44.16
36.64
35.84
34.01
35.70
37.12
36.20
33.83
44.2
66.2
27.82

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
25.31
21.00
20.54
19.50
20.55
21.27
20.76
19.41
25.31
37.96

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
37.86
31.53
30.84
29.17
29.86
31.88
31.02
28.93
37.86
56.79

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
24.28
22.43
21.16
20.25
20.71
22.77
21.18
20.45

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
t/m2
t/m2
23.65
21.08
20.64
19.90
20.22
21.26
20.71
19.84

24.04
21.92
20.96
20.12
20.52
22.20
21.00
20.22

M-face
tm
47.14
41.17
38.34
35.91
37.08
42.00
38.45
36.24
47.14
70.70
28.08

0.32

0.32

0.089

0.091

0.12
3062

0.12
3210

3167
0.26

3393
0.29
36.29

29.02
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
82

Nos.
28

Pedestal

1 m3
7 m2

Dia
12

Spacing
115

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
84

Nos.
30

Dia
12

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

-S only

V@De
t
27.10
23.86
22.05
20.62
21.32
24.37
22.10
20.87
27.10
40.65

38.21
29.64
Depth OK

Spacing
115

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 5 DWG NO. C17

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

(Df) =

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

20

T/m

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.6
0.45
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

LOAD CASES
Case

Load (T)
P

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S

210
165
167
171
169
154
157
161

1
1
2
1
4
2
2
1

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

0.96

Length - L

3.60

M E_W

AREA

12.42

m2

Width - B

3.45

M N_S

Section Modulus
Z_NS
7.1

m3

Z_EW

m3

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

1000
81

7.5
mm
mm

+
+
Xd =

0.86
0.56
0.55
0.58
0.57
0.53
0.52
0.55
For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Trial Footing Size


L/B

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

0
4
0
4
0
5
0
5

De

B1 =

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld
2

B = 3.45 m

Footing Identifier =

Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
919

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.6
Xf
0.3
0.225

L (E-W)
B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

3.6
0.45
3.45
1.519
1.369

Lf
Xd
Ld

1.5
1.219
0.581

1.5
1.144
0.581
5.776

2.08

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.6+2*919/1000)+3.6)/2*(633-380)/1000)+((380-81)/1000*3.6)

N-S

(((0.45+2*919/1000)+3.45)/2*(633-380)/1000)+((380-81)/1000*3.45)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.41
1.76

0.39
1.51

C=

0.7595

0.6845

M_E-W

M_N-S

0.274

0.304

Shear due to Moment =

0.149406
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
3.00
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
94.83 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.635 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.19
0.18
0.22
0.13
0.53
0.20
0.30
0.14
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
24.55
20.93
21.11
21.41
21.22
20.02
20.25
20.62

20

0.03
0.53
0.04
0.58
0.01
0.65
0.06
0.73
#REF!

24.77
21.63
21.37
22.11
21.77
20.87
20.60
21.49
24.77

24.33
20.22
20.85
20.70
20.68
19.16
19.89
19.74
19.16

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
24.74
21.10
21.33
21.53
21.75
20.22
20.54
20.76

P-face
t/m2
24.58
20.96
21.15
21.43
21.31
20.05
20.30
20.64

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
10.12
for E_W
9.22
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

1.17
1.80
12420000
270000

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.60
0.45
3.60
3.45
1000
380

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
63.33
PCC
1.46
RCC
7.72
Formwork
5.4
Reinforcement
247
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
247

7.72

35.314 0.905933

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

1.5

+
-

Z-Axis

Lf =

X - Axis

Lpu1.519
=

+
+

1.50

Bpu =

0.5

B1 =

B=

1.37

L1 =0.60

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf =0.30
Xd 1.219
=
L = 3.6 m

Lf

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Pd

P-face
P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
17.14
14.00
13.74
14.48
14.13
13.24
12.97
13.86
140.55

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

192.92

140.55
143.67
147.38

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.86
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.55
25.00
0.58
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.53
25.00
0.52
25.00
0.55
0.86

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK

L1 (E-W)=

0.60 m

Stress (NS)

Depth OK

B1 (N-S)=

0.45 m

Depth (bending)

Depth OK
OK

Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

d eff= 919

d eff/2= 460

OK
380

mm

Dcentre= 1000

Dmin= 380

D (for one way shear)


D_os=633 For E-W
D_os=633 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=841 For E-W
D_ps=841 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

BP/2

0.581

Case I
No Tension

De

Ld
0.58

Ld

Pd

Lf =

Pd

ED

Pedge

L (E-W)=

3.60 m

&

B (N-S) =

3.45 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
1.84 m

2
1.76 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bpu
*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
24.68
21.05
21.26
21.49
21.58
20.16
20.45
20.71

66.18
52.08
52.92
53.81
54.22
48.63
49.78
50.79
66.2
99.3
32.29

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
34.22
26.94
27.38
27.82
28.13
25.16
25.78
26.26
34.22
51.34

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
39.99
31.45
31.89
32.58
32.15
29.31
29.85
30.73
39.99
59.98

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
24.58
21.45
21.15
21.98
21.23
20.67
20.31
21.35

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
t/m2
t/m2
24.55
20.99
21.11
21.48
21.22
20.10
20.25
20.71

24.57
21.28
21.13
21.79
21.23
20.45
20.29
21.10

M-face
tm
68.59
55.35
54.68
57.44
55.06
52.02
51.25
54.69
68.59
102.88
32.18

0.34

0.34

0.096

0.096

0.12
3805

0.12
3970

4222
0.23

4423
0.25
34.63

26.97
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
123

Nos.
21

Pedestal

1 m3
6 m2

Dia
16

Spacing
175

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
124

Nos.
22

Dia
16

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

-S only

V@De
t
35.43
28.72
28.25
29.81
28.44
27.03
26.48
28.43
35.43
53.15

36.03
26.75
Depth OK

Spacing
175

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 33,34,35,36 DWG NO. C18.20,21,23

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

(Df) =

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

20

T/m

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.3
0.6
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

LOAD CASES
Case

Load (T)
P

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S

81
66
65
64
64
59
59
57

3
2
4
2
0
3
5
3

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

1.14
m2

Length - L

2.15

M E_W

AREA

Width - B

2.45

M N_S

Section Modulus
Z_NS
2.2

m3

Z_EW

m3

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

600
77

5.2675

1.9
mm
mm

+
+
Xd =

0.84
0.56
0.58
0.54
0.49
0.53
0.56
0.51
For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Trial Footing Size


L/B

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

De

+
-

B = 2.45 m

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld

B1 =

Footing Identifier =

Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
523

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.3
Xf
0.15
0.3

L (E-W)
B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

2.15
0.6
2.45
0.823
1.123

Lf
Xd
Ld

0.925
0.673
0.402

0.925
0.823
0.402
3.892

0.92

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.3+2*523/1000)+2.15)/2*(405-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*2.15)

N-S

(((0.6+2*523/1000)+2.45)/2*(405-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*2.45)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.36
0.22

0.44
0.36

C=

0.4115

0.5615

M_E-W

M_N-S

1.925

1.438

Shear due to Moment =

3.592683
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
3.40
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
39.33 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.466 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

1.36
1.13
2.25
1.05
0.07
1.51
2.91
1.41
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
22.81
19.92
19.83
19.57
19.66
18.73
18.61
18.29

20

0.00
0.31
0.01
0.31
0.01
0.37
0.03
0.40
#REF!

24.18
21.35
22.09
20.93
19.74
20.61
21.55
20.10
24.18

21.45
18.49
17.57
18.21
19.58
16.85
15.68
16.47
15.68

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
24.17
21.05
22.07
20.62
19.73
20.24
21.52
19.70

P-face
t/m2
23.00
20.08
20.14
19.71
19.67
18.94
19.02
18.48

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
7.24
for E_W
9.41
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

0.67
1.80
5267500
180000

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.30
0.60
2.15
2.45
600
230

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
29.17
PCC
0.67
RCC
2.00
Formwork
2.1
Reinforcement
70
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
70

2.00

35.314 0.989388

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

Lf = 0.925

Lf =

X - Axis

Lpu0.823
=

+
+

0.93

Bpu =

0.6

B1 =

B=

1.12

L1 =0.30

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf =0.15
Xd 0.673
=
L = 2.15 m

Lf

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Pd

P-face
P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
16.71
13.89
14.62
13.46
12.27
13.14
14.08
12.63
44.37

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

64.12

46.18
44.63
44.37

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.84
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.58
25.00
0.54
25.00
0.49
25.00
0.53
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.51
0.84

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK

L1 (E-W)=

0.30 m

Stress (NS)

Depth OK

B1 (N-S)=

0.60 m

Depth (bending)

Depth OK
OK

Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

d eff= 523

d eff/2= 262

OK
230

mm

Dcentre= 600

Dmin= 230

D (for one way shear)


D_os=405 For E-W
D_os=405 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=525 For E-W
D_ps=525 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

+
-

Z-Axis

Case I
No Tension

BP/2

0.402

Ld
0.40

De

Pd

Ld

Pd

ED

Pedge

L (E-W)=

2.15 m

&

B (N-S) =

2.45 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
0.63 m

2
0.73 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bpu
*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
23.66
20.62
21.23
20.22
19.70
19.67
20.43
19.17

17.10
13.89
14.63
13.47
12.83
12.93
13.86
12.40
17.1
25.7
19.48

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
16.20
13.17
13.97
12.76
12.06
12.30
13.31
11.79
16.20
24.30

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
41.78
34.58
34.35
33.71
33.94
31.62
31.33
30.52
41.78
62.67

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
22.81
20.23
19.84
19.88
19.67
19.10
18.64
18.69

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
t/m2
t/m2
22.81
19.99
19.83
19.64
19.66
18.82
18.62
18.39

22.81
20.12
19.84
19.78
19.66
18.98
18.63
18.56

M-face
tm
14.12
11.66
11.38
11.34
11.22
10.61
10.27
10.23
14.12
21.18
18.89

0.38

0.36

0.109

0.102

0.12
1538

0.12
1349

2036
0.32

1810
0.25
39.91

30.25
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
35

Nos.
18

Pedestal

1 m3
6 m2

Dia
12

Spacing
150

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
35

Nos.
16

Dia
12

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

-S only

V@De
t
13.27
10.98
10.69
10.68
10.54
10.00
9.65
9.64
13.27
19.90

35.72
28.22
Depth OK

Spacing
150

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 22 DWG NO. C19

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

(Df) =

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

20

T/m

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.75
0.75
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

LOAD CASES
Case

Load (T)
P

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S

393
315
314
314
315
272
270
270

2
2
7
1
9
1
9
0

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

1.00

Length - L

4.80

M E_W

AREA

23.04

m2

Width - B

4.80

M N_S

Section Modulus
Z_NS
18.4

m3

Z_EW

m3

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

1300
81

18.4
mm
mm

+
+
Xd =

0.86
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.57
0.50
0.49
0.49
For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Trial Footing Size


L/B

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

0
8
0
7
0
10
0
9

De

B1 =

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld
2

B = 4.80 m

Footing Identifier =

Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
1219

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.75
Xf
0.375
0.375

L (E-W)
B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

4.8
0.75
4.8
1.969
1.969

Lf
Xd
Ld

2.025
1.594
0.806

2.025
1.594
0.806
7.876

3.88

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.75+2*1219/1000)+4.8)/2*(760-380)/1000)+((380-81)/1000*4.8)

N-S

(((0.75+2*1219/1000)+4.8)/2*(760-380)/1000)+((380-81)/1000*4.8)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.4
5.27

0.4
5.27

C=

0.9845

0.9845

M_E-W

M_N-S

0.089

0.089

Shear due to Moment =

0.015771
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
2.70
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
177.86 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.719 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.09
0.08
0.36
0.06
0.50
0.05
0.50
0.02
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
24.79
21.41
21.34
21.34
21.41
19.53
19.45
19.45

20

0.02
0.43
0.01
0.40
0.03
0.54
0.01
0.50
#REF!

24.90
21.92
21.70
21.80
21.94
20.11
19.95
19.97
24.90

24.68
20.90
20.98
20.88
20.89
18.94
18.94
18.93
18.93

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
24.88
21.49
21.70
21.40
21.91
19.58
19.95
19.47

P-face
t/m2
24.80
21.42
21.40
21.35
21.49
19.54
19.52
19.45

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
9.48
for E_W
9.48
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

1.05
1.80
23040000
562500

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.75
0.75
4.80
4.80
1300
380

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
112.62
PCC
2.60
RCC
17.10
Formwork
7.3
Reinforcement
558
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
558

17.10

35.314 0.924187

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

Lf = 2.025

Lf =

X - Axis

Lpu1.969
=

+
+

2.03

Bpu =

0.8

B1 =

B=

1.97

L1 =0.75

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf =0.38
Xd 1.594
=
L = 4.8 m

Lf

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Pd

P-face
P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
17.18
14.20
13.98
14.08
14.22
12.39
12.23
12.25
257.93

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

376.15

259.71
257.93
257.98

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.86
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.50
25.00
0.49
25.00
0.49
0.86

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK

L1 (E-W)=

0.75 m

Stress (NS)

Depth OK

B1 (N-S)=

0.75 m

Depth (bending)

Depth OK
OK

Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

d eff= 1219

d eff/2= 610

OK
380

mm

Dcentre= 1300

Dmin= 380

D (for one way shear)


D_os=760 For E-W
D_os=760 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=1057 For E-W
D_ps=1057 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

+
-

Z-Axis

Case I
No Tension

BP/2

0.806

Ld
0.81

De

Pd

Ld

Pd

ED

Pedge

L (E-W)=

4.80 m

&

B (N-S) =

4.80 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
2.95 m

2
2.95 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bpu
*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
24.85
21.46
21.58
21.38
21.74
19.56
19.78
19.46

168.64
135.31
136.59
134.51
138.28
116.56
118.95
115.57
168.6
253.0
43.70

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
66.33
53.23
53.85
52.90
54.58
45.84
46.98
45.44
66.33
99.50

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
42.57
34.14
33.97
33.98
34.14
29.45
29.24
29.25
42.57
63.85

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
24.81
21.84
21.35
21.74
21.44
20.07
19.45
19.95

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
t/m2
t/m2
24.79
21.48
21.34
21.41
21.42
19.61
19.45
19.53

24.80
21.70
21.35
21.61
21.43
19.89
19.45
19.78

M-face
tm
168.15
137.77
134.11
136.91
134.93
120.03
115.44
118.97
168.15
252.22
43.63

0.35

0.35

0.100

0.100

0.12
7021

0.12
7021

7238
0.25

7238
0.25
35.61

30.52
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
279

Nos.
36

Pedestal

2 m3
8 m2

Dia
16

Spacing
140

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
279

Nos.
36

Dia
16

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

-S only

V@De
t
66.11
54.35
52.72
54.00
53.05
47.42
45.39
46.99
66.11
99.16

35.61
30.41
Depth OK

Spacing
140

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 23 DWG NO. C22

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

(Df) =

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

20

T/m

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.75
0.75
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

LOAD CASES
Case

Load (T)
P

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

421
335
330
339
343
302
296
307

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S
2
2
6
2
10
1
9
1

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

1.00
m2

Length - L

4.85

M E_W

AREA

Width - B

4.85

M N_S

Section Modulus
Z_NS
19.0

m3

Z_EW

m3

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

1300
81

23.5225

19.0
mm
mm

+
+
Xd =

0.90
0.59
0.58
0.60
0.61
0.53
0.52
0.55
For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Trial Footing Size


L/B

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

1
7
1
9
1
9
1
11

De

B1 =

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld
2

B = 4.85 m

Footing Identifier =

Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
1219

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.75
Xf
0.375
0.375

L (E-W)
B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

4.85
0.75
4.85
1.969
1.969

Lf
Xd
Ld

2.05
1.594
0.831

2.05
1.594
0.831
7.876

3.88

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.75+2*1219/1000)+4.85)/2*(767-380)/1000)+((380-81)/1000*4.85)

N-S

(((0.75+2*1219/1000)+4.85)/2*(767-380)/1000)+((380-81)/1000*4.85)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.4
5.29

0.4
5.29

C=

0.9845

0.9845

M_E-W

M_N-S

0.089

0.089

Shear due to Moment =

0.015712
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
2.70
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
181.57 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.719 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.12
0.09
0.33
0.11
0.52
0.05
0.48
0.07
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
25.62
21.95
21.76
22.13
22.32
20.54
20.30
20.76

20

0.08
0.35
0.07
0.47
0.05
0.47
0.06
0.56
#REF!

25.81
22.39
22.16
22.70
22.89
21.05
20.83
21.39
25.81

25.42
21.51
21.36
21.55
21.74
20.03
19.77
20.13
19.77

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
25.74
22.04
22.09
22.23
22.84
20.59
20.78
20.83

P-face
t/m2
25.64
21.96
21.81
22.14
22.40
20.55
20.37
20.77

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
9.64
for E_W
9.64
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

1.12
1.80
23522500
562500

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.75
0.75
4.85
4.85
1300
380

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
114.84
PCC
2.65
RCC
17.44
Formwork
7.4
Reinforcement
564
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
564

17.44

35.314 0.915762

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

2.05

+
-

Z-Axis

Lf =

X - Axis

Lpu1.969
=

+
+

2.05

Bpu =

0.8

B1 =

B=

1.97

L1 =0.75

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf =0.38
Xd 1.594
=
L = 4.85 m

Lf

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Pd

P-face
P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
18.09
14.67
14.44
14.98
15.17
13.33
13.12
13.67
282.84

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

402.92

288.26
282.84
293.10

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.90
25.00
0.59
25.00
0.58
25.00
0.60
25.00
0.61
25.00
0.53
25.00
0.52
25.00
0.55
0.90

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK

L1 (E-W)=

0.75 m

Stress (NS)

Depth OK

B1 (N-S)=

0.75 m

Depth (bending)

Depth OK
OK

Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

d eff= 1219

d eff/2= 610

OK
380

mm

Dcentre= 1300

Dmin= 380

D (for one way shear)


D_os=767 For E-W
D_os=767 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=1060 For E-W
D_ps=1060 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

BP/2

0.831

Case I
No Tension

De

Ld
0.83

Ld

Pd

Lf =

Pd

ED

Pedge

L (E-W)=

4.85 m

&

B (N-S) =

4.85 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
3.01 m

2
3.01 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bpu
*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
25.70
22.01
21.98
22.20
22.66
20.57
20.61
20.81

183.28
145.65
145.50
147.59
152.60
131.00
131.70
133.42
183.3
274.9
45.32

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
72.54
57.64
57.69
58.42
60.58
51.83
52.30
52.80
72.54
108.80

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
45.61
36.27
35.78
36.72
37.21
32.68
32.07
33.24
45.61
68.42

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
25.69
22.30
21.83
22.60
22.37
21.01
20.36
21.32

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
t/m2
t/m2
25.63
22.00
21.77
22.20
22.33
20.61
20.31
20.85

25.67
22.18
21.80
22.44
22.35
20.85
20.34
21.13

M-face
tm
182.95
147.60
143.58
150.28
149.15
134.09
128.65
137.02
182.95
274.43
45.28

0.38

0.38

0.108

0.108

0.12
7095

0.12
7095

7238
0.24

7238
0.24
35.35

32.70
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
282

Nos.
36

Pedestal

2 m3
8 m2

Dia
16

Spacing
140

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
282

Nos.
36

Dia
16

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

-S only

V@De
t
72.39
58.53
56.81
59.64
59.01
53.24
50.90
54.44
72.39
108.58

35.35
32.63
Depth OK

Spacing
140

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 24 DWG NO. C24

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

(Df) =

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

20

T/m

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.6
0.45
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

LOAD CASES
Case

Load (T)
P

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S

170
139
134
133
137
135
129
128

1
1
2
1
3
0
3
1

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

0.91
m2

Length - L

3.30

M E_W

AREA

Width - B

3.00

M N_S

Section Modulus
Z_NS
5.0

m3

Z_EW

m3

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

900
77

9.9

5.4
mm
mm

+
+
Xd =

0.87
0.60
0.56
0.57
0.59
0.60
0.55
0.56
For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Trial Footing Size


L/B

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

1
5
0
3
1
6
0
4

De

B1 =

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld
2

B = 3.00 m

Footing Identifier =

Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
823

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.6
Xf
0.3
0.225

L (E-W)
B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

3.3
0.45
3
1.423
1.273

Lf
Xd
Ld

1.35
1.123
0.527

1.275
1.048
0.452
5.392

1.81

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.6+2*823/1000)+3.3)/2*(507-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*3.3)

N-S

(((0.45+2*823/1000)+3)/2*(482-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*3)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.41
1.23

0.39
1.02

C=

0.7115

0.6365

M_E-W

M_N-S

0.392

0.45

Shear due to Moment =

0.311798
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
3.10
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
74.72 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.547 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.16
0.10
0.35
0.15
0.60
0.07
0.49
0.14
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
24.67
21.54
21.06
20.95
21.43
21.22
20.61
20.48

20

0.15
0.93
0.10
0.69
0.14
1.13
0.09
0.90
#REF!

24.98
22.57
21.50
21.80
22.18
22.42
21.19
21.52
24.98

24.36
20.50
20.61
20.10
20.69
20.01
20.03
19.44
19.44

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
24.83
21.64
21.40
21.10
22.04
21.29
21.10
20.62

P-face
t/m2
24.70
21.56
21.12
20.98
21.54
21.23
20.70
20.51

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
9.33
for E_W
7.54
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

0.94
1.80
9900000
270000

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.60
0.45
3.30
3.00
900
230

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
51.44
PCC
1.19
RCC
4.91
Formwork
2.9
Reinforcement
164
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
164

4.91

35.314 0.945174

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

1.35

+
-

Z-Axis

Lf =

X - Axis

Lpu1.423
=

+
+

1.28

Bpu =

0.5

B1 =

B=

1.27

L1 =0.60

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf =0.30
Xd 1.123
=
L = 3.3 m

Lf

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Pd

P-face
P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
17.43
15.03
13.95
14.25
14.64
14.88
13.64
13.97
114.06

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

152.08

120.44
115.69
114.06

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.87
25.00
0.60
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.59
25.00
0.60
25.00
0.55
25.00
0.56
0.87

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK

L1 (E-W)=

0.60 m

Stress (NS)

Depth OK

B1 (N-S)=

0.45 m

Depth (bending)

Depth OK
OK

Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

d eff= 823

d eff/2= 412

OK
230

mm

Dcentre= 900

Dmin= 230

D (for one way shear)


D_os=507 For E-W
D_os=482 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=733 For E-W
D_ps=723 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

BP/2

0.527

Case I
No Tension

De

Ld
0.45

Ld

Pd

Lf =

Pd

ED

Pedge

L (E-W)=

3.30 m

&

B (N-S) =

3.00 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
1.27 m

2
1.10 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bpu
*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
24.78
21.61
21.29
21.06
21.85
21.27
20.94
20.57

47.13
38.45
37.62
36.95
39.17
37.51
36.69
35.63
47.1
70.7
29.22

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
27.28
22.26
21.82
21.40
22.76
21.71
21.31
20.63
27.28
40.92

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
39.47
32.31
31.20
30.96
32.07
31.57
30.19
29.89
39.47
59.20

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
24.82
22.47
21.15
21.64
21.58
22.35
20.70
21.38

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
t/m2
t/m2
24.69
21.68
21.07
21.05
21.46
21.39
20.62
20.61

24.77
22.19
21.12
21.43
21.53
22.01
20.67
21.11

M-face
tm
46.22
39.33
36.42
37.28
37.53
38.85
35.21
36.42
46.22
69.32
27.59

0.35

0.31

0.098

0.088

0.12
2963

0.12
3259

3167
0.25

3393
0.31
35.85

31.73
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
83

Nos.
28

Pedestal

1 m3
7 m2

Dia
12

Spacing
115

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
81

Nos.
30

Dia
12

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

-S only

V@De
t
25.73
22.05
20.27
20.87
20.90
21.83
19.60
20.43
25.73
38.59

39.23
28.85
Depth OK

Spacing
115

DESIGN
Project
User

OF

ISOLATED

SLOPED

SOLANKI INDUSTRIES
AAM

Date

FOOTING

BY

Comments:

17-Nov-14

Time

09:27

Lf =
ETABS NO. 25 DWG NO. C26

Depth of Founding Level below Ground

(Df) =

Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together

20

T/m

+
-

1.8

T/m3

Load Factor for Limit State Method

(LF) =

1.5

Factor

Concrete Grade

(Fck) =

20

N/mm2

Steel Grade

(fy) =

415

N/mm2

Column Dimensions: E_W


Column Dimensions: N_S
Offset from face of column
Crack width

(L1) =
(B1) =
=
=

0.6
0.3
75
0.3

m Width
m Width
mm
m

LOAD CASES
Case

Load (T)
P

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

DL + LL

Moments (T.M)
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X )
M_E-W
M_N-S

125
102
99
97
100
103
99
96

0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0

1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

0.90
m2

Length - L

3.00

M E_W

AREA

Width - B

2.70

M N_S

Section Modulus
Z_NS
3.6

m3

Z_EW

m3

if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size'


Depth of Footing at Centre
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d'

750
77

8.1

4.1
mm
mm

+
+
Xd =

0.87
0.60
0.56
0.50
0.57
0.61
0.55
0.49
For SBC
Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

Trial Footing Size


L/B

Soil over
Stress
Actual /
Factor Allowable

7
9
5
2
5
9
5
1

De

B1 =

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil =

Ld
2

B = 2.70 m

Footing Identifier =

Stress (NS)
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

Depth of Footing at Edge


de=D-d'=
673

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
For Moment
For punching shear
E-W
N-S
perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W)
0.6
Xf
0.3
0.15

L (E-W)
B1 (N-S)
B (N-S)
Lpu=(L1+De)
Bpu=(B1+De)

3
0.3
2.7
1.273
0.973

Lf
Xd
Ld

1.2
0.973
0.527

1.2
0.823
0.527
4.492

1.24

Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear


E-W

(((0.6+2*673/1000)+3)/2*(474-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*3)

N-S

(((0.3+2*673/1000)+2.7)/2*(474-230)/1000)+((230-77)/1000*2.7)
E-W
N-S
a=
J=

0.43
0.67

0.37
0.45

C=

0.6365

0.4865

M_E-W

M_N-S

0.755

0.967

Shear due to Moment =

1.298243
Overburden Pressure
Df - D =
3.25
IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot)
60.78 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob)
7.503 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck

R=

0.138

Case

p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L)

I
I
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

0.10
0.06
0.20
0.09
0.36
0.06
0.27
0.09
#REF!

Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b)

P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

Punching shear stress =


((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A
M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/
p-max
p-min
M/Z
M/Z
t/m2
t/m2
22.89
20.14
19.74
19.49
19.89
20.19
19.69
19.37

20

1.82
2.39
1.45
0.53
1.46
2.52
1.35
0.19
#REF!

24.81
22.59
21.39
20.11
21.71
22.76
21.31
19.66
24.81

20.98
17.69
18.09
18.87
18.07
17.61
18.07
19.08
17.61

De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress


Ks = (0.5 + bc)
bc = L / B
Ks =
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck)
tc =

= Ks * tc
1.00
111.80

=
t/m2

FOR - M_E-W only


P-edge
t/m2
22.99
20.21
19.94
19.58
20.24
20.24
19.96
19.46

P-face
t/m2
22.91
20.16
19.78
19.51
19.96
20.20
19.74
19.39

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req)
Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt
9.08
for E_W
7.44
for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2

1.04
1.80
8100000
180000

Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2))

A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df )


A2 = b x D
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2

Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W =
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S =
Length - L: E_W =
Width - B: N_S =
Depth =
Column face
Footing Edge
Ast =

0.60
0.30
3.00
2.70
750
230

m
m
m
m
mm

Long Side
(E_W)

Bottom Reinf.

Quantities
1
2
3
4
5

Footing
Excavation
42.87
PCC
0.99
RCC
3.51
Formwork
2.6
Reinforcement
128
Total reinforcement per cft =

Pedestal
m3
m3
m3
m2
Kgs

1 Concrete
2 Formwork
128

3.51

35.314 1.033394

SLOPED

FOOTING

BY

LIMIT

STATE

METHOD

EXECUTION

1.2

+
-

Z-Axis

Lf =

X - Axis

Lpu1.273
=

+
+

1.20

Bpu =

0.3

B1 =

B=

0.97

L1 =0.60

+
-

P-face

P-face

P-face

P-face

Pedge

Xf =0.30
Xd 0.973
=
L=

Lf

Pd

P-face
P-face

(P-max
- Pob)
17.31
15.09
13.89
12.61
14.20
15.26
13.80
12.15
83.96

Pd

Pedge

Pedge

Ld

Punching Shear
Stress (EW)

3m

107.36

87.49
84.89
83.96

(actual /
allowable allowable)
20.00
0.87
25.00
0.60
25.00
0.56
25.00
0.50
25.00
0.57
25.00
0.61
25.00
0.55
25.00
0.49
0.87

Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed

Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK

L1 (E-W)=

0.60 m

Stress (NS)

Depth OK

B1 (N-S)=

0.30 m

Depth (bending)

Depth OK
OK

Reinf. (Bending)
Bearing pressure

pth of Footing at Edge


mm

d eff= 673

d eff/2= 337

OK
230

mm

Dcentre= 750

Dmin= 230

D (for one way shear)


D_os=474 For E-W
D_os=474 For N-S

D (for Punching shear)


D_ps=637 For E-W
D_ps=637 For N-S

Case II
Tension Allowed

BP/2

0.527

Case I
No Tension

De

Ld
0.53

Ld

Pd

Lf =

Pd

ED

Pedge

L (E-W)=

3.00 m

&

B (N-S) =

2.70 m

Column offset+2xEffective depth

2
1.06 m

2
0.94 m

Footing base dimension

(Area of trapaezoid)
(Area of trapaezoid)
E-W

N-S

a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu)))
1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
J= [2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bpu
*Lpu^2/2))]
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
C= Lpu/2

M=

Bpu/2
a/ (0.85*J_E-W)

a/ (0.85*J_N-S)

- volume of concrete) x 1.8

2.76

dge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
ace=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
ace = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m

FOR - M_E-W only


P-d
M-face
t/m2
tm
22.96
20.18
19.87
19.55
20.12
20.22
19.86
19.43

30.06
24.66
24.08
23.43
24.58
24.74
24.07
23.20
30.1
45.1
24.60

WITH NO TENSION
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

V@De
t
22.01
18.06
17.65
17.16
18.04
18.12
17.66
17.00
22.01
33.02

Punch.sh
strs t/m2
43.30
35.79
34.70
34.01
35.10
35.92
34.55
33.68
43.30
64.95

Depth OK
111.80
Depth OK

P-edge
t/m2
24.72
22.53
21.19
20.02
21.35
22.70
21.03
19.56

FOR - M_N-S only


P-face
P-d
t/m2
t/m2
23.10
20.41
19.90
19.55
20.05
20.47
19.84
19.39

24.00
21.60
20.63
19.81
20.78
21.72
20.51
19.49

M-face
tm
36.01
30.93
28.64
26.69
28.98
31.23
28.37
25.92
36.01
54.02
25.54

0.37

0.40

0.104

0.113

0.12
2181

0.12
2423

2714
0.26

2941
0.31
36.27

30.84
Depth OK

Depth OK

OK

Summary

Long Side
Kgs
65

Nos.
24

Pedestal

1 m3
6 m2

Dia
12

Spacing
119

Short Side
(N_S)

Kgs
63

Nos.
26

Dia
12

P-face

P-face

Pd
Pedge

Case II
Tension Allowed

P-face

Pd

No Tension

P-face

Pedge

mn offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
N-S

12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]

-S only

V@De
t
26.65
23.02
21.20
19.62
21.44
23.26
20.98
19.01
26.65
39.98

39.45
33.60
Depth OK

Spacing
120

20

Total ast
16 2689.203

EQU DIA Cons dia


10 18.50405
18.4

Equ ast
2659.044

Footing Length
Column dimension

Footing reinforcement
0.63
0.43

0.23

0.353
0.700

Bar Dia
Unit wt

0.347

0.22

0.39

10
0.62

12
0.89

16
1.58

20
2.47

Depth of footing @ Edge (d) =


0.23
m
Depth of footing @ Face of column (D) =
H=
D-d
=
0.65
- 0.23
Area A1 = Area at top of footing =
{ 0.60
+(2 x 0.075 )}
x { 0.30
Area A2 = Area at bottom of footing =
4.00
x
4.70
Volume of concrete = H/3 * (A1 + A2 + Sqrt(A1 x A2)) + (A2 x d)
= { 0.42 / 3

Wt of steel =
Short direction =
Long direction =

x ( 0.338

+ 18.80

+ sqrt( 0.338

47
40

x 5.060
x 4.360

x 0.89
x 0.89

Total steel weight per Cft =

x 18.80 ))}

367

Footing Length
Column dimension

0.30 m

Column size =
Footing size =
Footing reinforcement
Short side
Long side

0.60
4.00
Dia

x
x
Spacing

0.65
0.42
0.338
18.8

=
+(2 x 0.075 )}
=

x 0.23 } =
=

=
=

100
100

m
m
m2
m2

3
7.356 m
259.8 Cft.

212 kg
155 kg
367 kg
=

1.41

1.85 m
0.45 m
0.30
4.70
Nos.

32
6.17

footing @ Face of column (D) =

/ 259.8

0.075 m ) =

12
12

25
3.85

+ { 18.80

+(2x

kg / Cft

47
40

VAG Corridor MRTS Project

Design of Raft beam : Member no.

No

Section A
Outer Face of
Column C15

Location

Width

mm

900

Depth

mm

1500

Fck

Mpa

20

Fy

Mpa

415

Clear cover

mm

65

Effective coverd'to Ast

mm

105

Effective depth 'd'

mm

1395

Mbal.

kN-m

4838

Moment

Mu

kN-m

1835

Shear force

Vu

kN

2292

Torsion

Tu

kN-m

Ve

kN

2292

Me

kN-m

1835

b1

mm

760

d1

mm

1345

Asv/Sv for torsion

mm2/mm

1.89

Remark

O.K.
mm2

3896

Pt

0.31

Ast req for flexure bending=

mm2

3896

Provide

mm

Y20

Dia. of reinf.
-

Nos.

14 Nos.
mm2

Giving Ast

mm2

4398
Safe

Pt provided

0.35

Shear stress

Mpa

1.83

Beta

6.63

Permissible shear stress

Mpa

Remark

0.41
SR Req.

Asv/Sv req =

mm2/mm

Asv/Sv min =

mm2/mm

Provide

4.52
1.00
2 Legged

Outer Strps

Dia. of reinf.

mm

Y10

mm

100c/c

@
stirrups spacing

@
1.57
Unsafe

Provide

4 Legged

Inner Strps

Dia. of reinf.

mm

Y10

mm

100c/c

@
stirrups spacing

Asv/Sv provided =

4.71

Remark

Safe

251453802.xlsx.ms_office

Beam-Torsion-Des

Design of Raft foundation (Normal Load condition-LC101)


3.2805

C/L of raft
11.861
C/L of lift

2.28

0.4825

C15

C16

0.348
C/L of lift
2.97
1.325
C17

C18

C/L of raft

2.97
C24

C26

C25

2.28
2.65

Loads
Column C15
Column C16
Column C17
Column C18
Column C24
Column C25
Column C26
Lift

Total =

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

2.785

0.978

V (Ton)
264
64
122
53
392
77
152

MX (T m)
1
1
0
0
0
3
0

MZ (T m)
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

105
39
156
75
1499

0
0
2
0
7

1
0
1
1
7

1.673

2.275

Section (B x D)
750
600
450
600
300
600
300
750
300
600
600
450
150
150
150
150

1.5

Preliminary size Calculation=


Density of concrete =
Density of soil =
Height of lift pit fill with soil =
Size of lift pit =

2.65

SBC of soil =
Assume footing bottom below GL =

Assume size =

L (m)
11.86

x B (m)
x 10.50

2.5

T/m2

1.6
2
x 2.65

T/m2
m
m

20
3.00

T/m2
m

D (m)
x 0.75

Area

A =

11.86

x 10.50

Sectional modulus

ZL =

10.50

x 11.86 ^2

ZT =
11.86
Additional load due to difference in weight of slab & soil =
11.86
x 10.50
x 0.75
x ( 2.50

x 10.50 ^2

Lift pit fill with soil =


2.65
x 2.65
Additional moment due to eccentricity =
Longitudinal moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
x
Column C15
-264
x ( 2.785
Column C16
64
x ( 2.275
Column C17
-122
x ( 2.785
Column C18
53
x ( 2.275
Column C24
-392
x ( 2.785
Column C25
77
x 0.483
Column C26
152
x ( 2.275
Lift

Lift pit fill

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

-105
39
-156
75
11.236
Total

Transverse moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
Column C15
-264
Column C16
-64
Column C17
122
Column C18
53
Column C24
392

x ( 0.978
x ( 1.673
x ( 0.978
x ( 1.673
x ( 0.348

- 1.60 )

x 1.60

Lever arm
+ 0.978
+ 1.673
+ 0.978
+ 1.673
+ 0.978

- 0.483 )
+ 0.483 )
- 0.483 )
+ 0.483 )
- 0.483 )

+ 1.673

+ 0.483 )

- 0.483 )
+ 0.483 )
- 0.483 )
+ 0.483 )
+ 0.483 )

x
x 2.970
x 2.970
x 0.000
x 0.000
x 2.970

(Assume)

2
124.5405 m

/6

3
246.1958118 m

/6

3
217.945875 m

84.0648375 T

11.236 T

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

-866.1
283.6
-400.2
234.8
-1286.0
37.2
673.4

=
=
=
=
=
=

-52.0
84.1
-77.3
161.7
9.3
-1197.5

=
=
=
=
=

-784.1
-190.1
0.0
0.0
1164.2

Lever arm

Column C25
Column C26
Lift

77
152

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

Lift pit fill

-105
-39
156
75
-11.236
Total

x 2.970
x 2.970

=
=

228.7
451.4

x 2.970
x 2.970
x 0.000
x 0.000
x 1.325

=
=
=
=
=
=

-311.9
-115.8
0.0
0.0
-14.9
427.6

Total vertical load on raft V =


Total Longitudinal moment on raft ML =
Total Transverse moment on raft MT =
Pmax =
=
Pmin =
=

1499.0
7.0
7.0

+ 84.1
+ 1197.5
+ 427.6

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 1594

/ 125 )

+ ( 1205

/ 246.2 )

+ ( 435

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 1594

/ 125 )

- ( 1205

/ 246.2 )

- ( 435

Over burden pressure =

( 3.00

- 0.75 )

x 1.60

+ 11.2

=
=
=

1594.3 T
1204.5 T
434.6 T

/ 217.9 )

2
19.69 T/m

Safe

/ 217.9 )

2
5.91 T/m

Safe

2
3.60 T/m

Design calculation: Let the load be transferred through beams which are considered similar to inverted slab - beam design.
Let the beam width be
1500 mm
for external column grid &

1200 mm

for internal column grid.

C/L of raft
11.861
1.53
2.28

C16

C15

1.5

2.97

1.62
C17

1.2

C18

C/L of raft

1.62
2.97
C26

C25

C24

1.50
2.28
1.53
2.65

2.785

0.978

1.673

2.275

1.5

The slab is designed as cantilever slab on either side of beam and internal slab is designed as one way slab.
Ultimate load intensity including ULS factor =

1.5

x 19.69

2
29.53 T/m

As the raft foundation slab-beam is an inverted slab-beam system with load intensity which is the reaction of soil pressure acting upwards.
The positive bending moment is the bending moment which causes compression on the face of slab on which load is acting.
The acitve load is from columns and rection is from soil. Hence bending moment which causes compression on top surface
is considred positive. With this notation positive bending moment is occuring along the face of beams and negative bending
moment along span.
Design of Raft Slab : Concrete grade :
Steel grade :

20 Mpa
415 Mpa

Cover to bottom :

65 mm

Consider per metre width of slab=


Ku = xu lim/d =
700 / (1100 +0.87 fy)=
R = Mu lim/fck x b x d2=

1000 mm
0.48

0.36 x fck x ku x (1 - 0.416 ku) =


R x fck x b x d2

Mu lim =

0.138
=

1266 KN m

289.71 kN/m2
2.28

334.88

2.97

2.97

743.66
310.38

2.28

589.52
334.88

310.38
1.62

1.62

BM Diagram from STAAD Analysis

28.9
1.53

75.40

75.40

684.99
276.71

164.75

652.33

deff
deff

deff

244.62
deff

244.62

652.33

164.75
276.71

684.99

Positive Bending moment at face of beam for per metre width : M1 =

Assumed thickess of slab =

Effective depth =

750

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 16 )

Ast required =
Provide

16 #

85

c/c

in

1000

mm

width

Max shear force @ effective depth d from face of beam : V1 =

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

( 276.71

x 1000 )

x 677 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

0.750 m

677 mm

2
1434 mm

2
2365 mm

/ ( 1000

334.88 kN m

Safe

Pt= 0.35 %

276.71 kN

2
0.41 N / mm

2
0.41 N / mm

Safe

Negative Bending moment at midspan between two beam for per metre width : M2 =

75.40 kN m

Assumed thickess of slab =

0.750 m

Effective depth =

750

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 16 )

Ast required =
Provide

16 #

170

c/c

in

1000

mm

width

677 mm

2
312 mm

2
1183 mm

2
900 mm

2
905 mm

Safe

Pt= 0.17 %

Safe

Pt= 0.12 %

Distribution steel : Minimum reinforcement =


Provide

12 #

Design of Longitudinal Beam : -

0.12
@

125

% of total cross section area


c/c

in

1000

mm

width

Design of external Longitudinal beam : Width of beam =


Depth of beam =
UDL Load on beam =

2.65

29.53

x ( 1.53

2.785

+ 1.50

+ 1.62

2.651

/2)

2.275

=
=

1500 mm
1800 mm

=
=

113.4 T / m
1113 kN / m
1.5

1113 kN / m

Concrete grade :
Steel grade :

20 Mpa
415 Mpa

Cover to bottom :

65 mm

Consider width of beam =


Ku = xu lim/d =
700 / (1100 +0.87 fy)=
R = Mu lim/fck x b x d2=

0.36 x fck x ku x (1 - 0.416 ku) =

1500 mm
0.48
0.138

R x fck x b x d2

Mu lim =

12186 KN m

Positive Bending moment at face of Column : MB1 =

Assumed Depth of beam =

1.800 m

1715 mm

2
4950 mm

2
5236 mm

=
=

2532 kN

Effective depth =

1800

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 20 )

- 10

Ast required =
Provide

20 #

90

c/c

in

1500
17

mm
Nos.

width

Max shear force @ face of column : VB1 =

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

( 2532.00

x 1000 )

/ ( 1500

x 1715 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

Asv / Sv required =

( ( 0.98

Provide

10 #

6 Legs

- 0.39 )
@

x 1500 )

/ ( 0.87

150

c/c

x 415 )

2880.0 kN m

(From STAAD Analysis)

Safe

2
0.98 N / mm

2
0.39 N / mm

2
2.46 mm / mm

2
3.14 mm / mm Safe

Pt= 0.31 %

Shear Reinf. Required

Positive Bending moment at other edge Column : MB2 =

801.0 kN m

Assumed Depth of beam =

1.800 m

1715 mm

2
1315 mm

2
2618 mm

=
=

1336 kN

Effective depth =

1800

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 20 )

- 10

Ast required =
Provide

20 #

Max shear force @ face of column : VB2 =

180

c/c

in

1500
9

mm
Nos.

width

(From STAAD Analysis)

Safe

Pt= 0.15 %

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

( 1335.60

x 1000 )

/ ( 1500

x 1715 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

Asv / Sv required =

( ( 0.52

Provide

10 #

6 Legs

- 0.29 )
@

x 1500 )

/ ( 0.87

300

c/c

x 415 )

2
0.52 N / mm

2
0.29 N / mm

2
0.95 mm / mm

2
1.57 mm / mm Safe

Shear Reinf. Required

Negative Bending moment at other edge Column : MB3 =

481.5 kN m

Assumed Depth of beam =

1.800 m

1717 mm

Effective depth =

1800

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 16 )

- 10

Ast required =
Provide

16 #

180

c/c

in

1500
9

mm
Nos.

width

Max shear force @ face of column : VB2 =

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

( 1335.60

/ ( 1500

x 1717 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

Asv / Sv required =

( ( 0.52

Provide

10 #

6 Legs

x 1000 )

- 0.20 )
@

x 1500 )

/ ( 0.87

300

c/c

Design of internal Longitudinal beam : Concrete grade :


20 Mpa
Steel grade :
415 Mpa

Consider width of beam =


Ku = xu lim/d =
700 / (1100 +0.87 fy)=

Cover to bottom :

R = Mu lim/fck x b x d2=

65 mm

Mu lim =

x 415 )

2
785 mm

2
1676 mm

=
=

1336 kN

Safe

2
0.52 N / mm

2
0.20 N / mm

2
1.34 mm / mm

2
1.57 mm / mm Safe

Pt= 0.07 %

Shear Reinf. Required

1200 mm
0.48

0.36 x fck x ku x (1 - 0.416 ku) =


R x fck x b x d2

(From STAAD Analysis)

0.138
=

9749 KN m

Positive Bending moment at face of Column : MB1 =

2376.0 kN m

(From STAAD Analysis)

Assumed Depth of beam =


Effective depth =

1800

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 20 )

- 10

Ast required =
Provide

20 #

90

c/c

in

1200
14

mm
Nos.

width

Max shear force @ face of column : VB1 =

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

( 2022.00

/ ( 1500

x 1715 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

Asv / Sv required =

( ( 0.79

Provide

10 #

4 Legs

x 1000 )

Cost Analysis : Volume of concrete =

3
93.41 m

Volume of beam =

3
52.31 m

- 0.36 )
@

x 1500 )

/ ( 0.87

150

c/c

x 415 )

1.800 m

1715 mm

2
4000 mm

2
4189 mm

=
=

2022 kN

Safe

2
0.79 N / mm

2
0.36 N / mm

2
1.79 mm / mm

2
2.09 mm / mm Safe

Pt= 0.24 %

Shear Reinf. Required

119
10.912
2051.674
3
93.40538 m
3274 kg

2052

3
71.2 m

80.06

3
4000 Rs / m
45 Rs / Kg

Design of Raft foundation

C/L of raft
3.2805

11.861
C/L of lift

2.155

0.4825

C15

0.348
C/L of lift
2.97
1.325
C17

2.97
C24

C25

2.155
2.65

Loads
Column C15
Column C16
Column C17
Column C18
Column C24
Column C25
Column C26
Lift

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

Total =

2.785

0.978

V (Ton)
264
105
122
74
392
77
152

MX (T m)
12
3
2
1
11
6
2

MZ (T m)
11
7
4
4
8
1
4

105
39
156
75
1561

0
0
2
0
39

1
0
1
1
42

1.673

Section (B x D)
750
600
600
600
750
300
600
150
150
150
150

Preliminary size Calculation=


Density of concrete =
Density of soil =
Height of lift pit fill with soil =
Size of lift pit =

2.65

SBC of soil =
L (m)

x B (m)

2.5

T/m2

1.6
2
x 2.65

T/m2
m
m

T/m2
20
x D (m)

Assume size =

11.86

x 10.25

x 0.90

Area

A =

11.86

x 10.25

Sectional modulus

ZL =

10.25

x 11.86 ^2

/6

ZT =
11.86
Additional load due to difference in weight of slab & soil =
11.86
x 10.25
x 0.90
x ( 2.50

x 10.25 ^2

/6

Lift pit fill with soil =


2.65
x 2.65
Additional moment due to eccentricity =
Longitudinal moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
x
Column C15
-264
x ( 2.785
Column C16
105
x ( 2.275
Column C17
-122
x ( 2.785
Column C18
74
x ( 2.275
Column C24
-392
x ( 2.785
Column C25
77
x 0.483
Column C26
152
x ( 2.275
Lift

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

Lift pit fill

-105
39
-156
75
11.236
Total

Transverse moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
Column C15
-264
Column C16
-105
Column C17
122
Column C18
74
Column C24
392
Column C25
77
Column C26
152
Lift

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

Lift pit fill

-105
-39
156
75
-11.236
Total

x ( 0.978
x ( 1.673
x ( 0.978
x ( 1.673
x ( 0.348

x 1.60

Lever arm
+ 0.978
- 0.483 )
+ 1.673
+ 0.483 )
+ 0.978
- 0.483 )
+ 1.673
+ 0.483 )
+ 0.978
- 0.483 )
+ 1.673

+ 0.483 )

- 0.483 )
+ 0.483 )
- 0.483 )
+ 0.483 )
+ 0.483 )

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Lever arm

x 2.970
x 2.970
x 0.000
x 0.000
x 2.970
x 2.970
x 2.970

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

x 2.970
x 2.970
x 0.000
x 0.000
x 1.325

=
=
=
=
=
=

Total vertical load on raft V =


Total Longitudinal moment on raft ML =
Total Transverse moment on raft MT =
Pmax =

- 1.60 )

1561.0
42.0
39.0

+ 98.5
+ 922.8
+ 305.9

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 1671

/ 122 )

+ ( 965

/ 240.3 )

+ ( 345

+ 11.2

/ 207.7 )

Pmin =
=

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 1671

/ 122 )

- ( 965

/ 240.3 )

- ( 345
Rectangle

F15
F16
F17
F18
F24
F25
F26
LIFT

4.00
2.50
4.00
2.15
5.20
4.00
4.00
5.00

x 3.70
x 2.35
x 3.00
x 1.85
x 4.00
x 3.00
x 3.00
x 5.00
Total

x 0.80
x 0.45
x 0.80
x 3.70
x 1.13
x 3.70
x 3.70
x 0.75

Total

x
V (Ton)
761

1.681
23.40
2.223
5.08
18.75
77.11

=
Pmin =
=

16.30

MZ (T m)
18

Area

A =

5.72

x 8.20

Sectional modulus

ZL =

5.72

x 8.20 ^2

/6

ZT =

8.20

x 5.72 ^2

/6

Total vertical load on raft V =


Total Longitudinal moment on raft ML =
Total Transverse moment on raft MT =
Pmax =

8.2
MX (T m)
16

Isolated
13.38
2.994

9.60

93.40538

Footing size =
5.72

/ 207.7 )

761.0
18.0
16.0

+ 0.0
+ 0.0
+ 0.0

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 761

/ 47 )

+ ( 18

/ 64.1 )

+ ( 16

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 761

/ 47 )

- ( 18

/ 64.1 )

- ( 16

x
V (Ton)
375

4.665
MX (T m)
2

MZ (T m)
3

LIFT FOUNDATION ANALYSIS


Footing size =
4
Total

+ 0.0

/ 44.7 )

/ 44.7 )

Area

A =

4.00

x 4.67

Sectional modulus

ZL =

4.67

x 4.00 ^2

/6

ZT =

4.00

x 4.67 ^2

/6

Total vertical load on raft V =

375.0

+ 0.0

+ 0.0

Total Longitudinal moment on raft ML =


Total Transverse moment on raft MT =
Pmax =
=
Pmin =
=

3.0
2.0

+ 447.8
+ 447.0

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 375

/ 19 )

+ ( 451

/ 12.4 )

+ ( 449

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 375

/ 19 )

- ( 451

/ 12.4 )

- ( 449

/ 14.5 )

/ 14.5 )

C16

C18

C/L of raft

C26

2.275

Section (B x D)
450
300
300
600
450

(Assume)

1.5

=
=

121.5753 m

3
240.334 m
3

207.6911 m

98.47595 T

11.236 T

-866.1
465.2
-400.2
327.9
-1286.0
37.2
673.4
-52.0
84.1
-77.3
161.7
9.3
-922.8

-784.1
-311.9
0.0
0.0
1164.2
228.7
451.4
-311.9
-115.8
0.0
0.0
-14.9
305.9
=
=
=

1670.7 T
964.8 T
344.9 T

19.42 T/m

Safe

8.07 T/m

Additional moment

Safe

MX (T m) MZ (T m)
0
0

2
46.904 m

3
64.10213 m

3
44.71515 m

=
=
=

761.0 T
18.0 T
16.0 T

2
16.86 T/m

Revise foundation size

15.59 T/m

Revise foundation size

Additional moment

L (m)
x B (m)
447.0075 447.786

2
18.66 m

3
12.44 m

3
14.50815 m

375.0 T

Longitudinal cg =
Transverse cg =

4.1
2.86

m
m

Longitudinal cg =
Transverse cg =

2
2.3325

m
m

=
=

450.8 T
449.0 T

2
87.28 T/m

2
-47.09 T/m

Revise foundation size

Safe

Load Longitudinal ecc


Load Transverse ecc

1.7695
1.378

m
m

Ecc Long=
Ecc Tran=

0.0000
0.000

Load Longitudinal CG
Load Transverse CG

0.8059
1.140

m
m

Ecc Long=
Ecc Tran=

1.1941
1.1920

Story
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE

Point
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37

Load
FX
FY
COMB101
-109.01
COMB1
-163.51
COMB2
-277.64
COMB3
-13.92
COMB4
16.02
COMB5
-247.7
COMB6
-304.38
COMB7
25.26
COMB8
62.68
COMB9
-266.96
COMB10
-256.04
COMB11
73.6
COMB12
111.02
COMB13
-218.62
ENVE MAX
111.02
ENVE MIN
-304.38

BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE

80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80

COMB101
COMB1
COMB2
COMB3
COMB4
COMB5
COMB6
COMB7
COMB8
COMB9
COMB10
COMB11
COMB12
COMB13
ENVE MAX
ENVE MIN

BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE

82
82
82
82
82
82
82
82
82
82
82
82
82
82
82

COMB101
COMB1
COMB2
COMB3
COMB4
COMB5
COMB6
COMB7
COMB8
COMB9
COMB10
COMB11
COMB12
COMB13
ENVE MAX

FZ

MX

MY

MZ

-4.8
-7.2
-5.31
-6.89
-6.21
-4.62
-3.69
-5.67
-4.82
-2.84
-1.99
-3.97
-3.12
-1.14
-1.14
-7.2

733.99
1100.99
1298.62
449.02
462.96
1312.56
1358.76
296.76
314.2
1376.19
1024.17
-37.83
-20.4
1041.6
1376.19
-37.83

3.704
5.556
4.154
6.497
4.735
2.392
2.834
5.763
3.559
0.631
1.555
4.484
2.281
-0.648
6.497
-0.648

-9.195
-13.793
-50.868
6.066
28.8
-28.134
-60.055
11.112
39.529
-31.638
-55.95
15.217
43.635
-27.533
43.635
-60.055

0.507
0.76
0.545
0.846
0.671
0.371
0.36
0.735
0.516
0.141
0.185
0.56
0.341
-0.034
0.846
-0.034

85.63
128.44
1.58
121.99
203.92
83.51
-27.54
122.97
225.38
74.87
-67.11
83.4
185.81
35.3
225.38
-67.11

105.1
157.65
78.7
-68.72
173.54
320.96
57.97
-126.3
176.52
360.8
11.07
-173.2
129.62
313.9
360.8
-173.2

1530.58
2295.87
1348.9
1207.17
2324.5
2466.22
1116.13
938.97
2335.63
2512.79
425.78
248.62
1645.28
1822.44
2512.79
248.62

-18.17
-27.254
-17.2
30.254
-26.406
-73.861
-15.4
43.918
-26.908
-86.226
-6.939
52.38
-18.446
-77.765
52.38
-86.226

8.798
13.197
-27.435
18.897
48.55
2.217
-37.332
20.584
57.65
-0.266
-41.396
16.52
53.586
-4.33
57.65
-41.396

0.185
0.277
0.37
0.044
0.074
0.399
0.363
-0.044
-0.008
0.399
0.292
-0.115
-0.079
0.328
0.399
-0.115

60.15
90.22
-54.2
53.26
198.56
91.1
-87.82
46.5
228.13
93.81
-115.88
18.44
200.07
65.75
228.13

-45.3
-67.95
-9.29
-247.26
-99.43
138.54
6.23
-291.23
-106.44
191.02
26.28
-271.19
-86.4
211.06
211.06

1029.2
1543.8
726.69
1822.54
1743.39
647.54
501.17
1870.98
1772.04
402.23
46.52
1416.34
1317.4
-52.41
1870.98

-3.4
-5.1
-8.784
47.251
0.625
-55.41
-10.117
59.927
1.644
-68.4
-8.423
61.622
3.339
-66.705
61.622

7.941
11.911
-34.248
2.142
53.306
16.915
-45.216
0.272
64.227
18.739
-49.018
-3.53
60.425
14.936
64.227

0.13
0.195
-0.027
-0.017
0.338
0.328
-0.098
-0.085
0.359
0.347
-0.15
-0.138
0.307
0.294
0.359

BASE

82 ENVE MIN

-115.88

-291.23

-52.41

-68.4

-49.018

-0.15

BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE
BASE

83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83

-46.82
-70.23
-231.41
-164.61
119.04
52.24
-265.07
-181.57
173
89.5
-246.65
-163.16
191.41
107.92
191.41
-265.07

-0.21
-0.31
-0.23
-0.42
-0.27
-0.07
-0.17
-0.41
-0.21
0.03
-0.09
-0.33
-0.13
0.11
0.11
-0.42

378.83
568.25
909.1
845.23
0.1
63.97
980.63
900.79
-155.63
-75.79
815.63
735.79
-320.63
-240.79
980.63
-320.63

-0.071
-0.106
-0.156
1.18
-0.014
-1.349
-0.201
1.468
-0.023
-1.693
-0.156
1.513
0.021
-1.648
1.513
-1.693

-2.04
-3.06
-48.196
-17.864
43.3
12.968
-58.586
-20.67
55.785
17.869
-58.026
-20.109
56.345
18.429
56.345
-58.586

-0.027
-0.04
-0.027
0.095
-0.038
-0.159
-0.027
0.125
-0.041
-0.193
-0.014
0.138
-0.027
-0.18
0.138
-0.193

COMB101
COMB1
COMB2
COMB3
COMB4
COMB5
COMB6
COMB7
COMB8
COMB9
COMB10
COMB11
COMB12
COMB13
ENVE MAX
ENVE MIN

82

2.815

80

75
75
88
31
31
89
92
20
21
94
70
-3
-1
71
94
-3

1
1
3
0
2
2
4
1
3
2
4
1
3
2
3
4

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

156
156
92
82
158
168
76
64
159
171
29
17
112
124
171
17

1
1
2
1
3
0
3
1
4
0
3
1
4
0
4
3

2
2
1
2
2
5
1
3
2
6
0
4
1
5
4
6

105
105
49
124
118
44
34
127
120
27
3
96
90
-4
127

1
1
2
0
4
1
3
0
4
1
3
0
4
1
4

0
0
1
3
0
4
1
4
0
5
1
4
0
5
4

83

-4

39
39
62
57
0
4
67
61
-11
-5
55
50
-22
-16
67
-22

0
0
3
1
3
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
4

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

LOAD - A
Node no.
37
101
75
EQ
94

LOAD - B
80
156
171

LOAD - C
82
105
127

Additional moment ML =
Additional moment MT =

2.65

Footing size =

LOAD - D
83
39
67
195
208

4.100 m

x
x

374
458
Tm
Tm

4.665 m

Area A =

4.100 m

4.665 m

Section modulus ZL=

4.665

x 4.100 ^2

/6

Section modulus ZT=

4.100

x 4.665 ^2

/6

37
Pmax

19.57

+ 14.95

+ 13.96

Pmin

19.57

- 14.95

- 13.96

2
19.1265 m
3
13.06978 m
3
14.87085 m
2
48.49 kN/m
2

-9.34 kN/m

Design of Raft foundation

C/L of raft
3.2805

11.861
C/L of lift

2.155

0.4825

C15

0.348
C/L of lift
2.97
1.325
C17

2.97
C24

C25

2.155
2.65

Loads
Column C15
Column C16
Column C17
Column C18
Column C24
Column C25
Column C26
Lift

Total =

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

2.785

0.978

V (Ton)
264
105
122
74
392
77
152

MX (T m)
12
3
2
1
11
6
2

MZ (T m)
11
7
4
4
8
1
4

160
92
206
118
1762

7
0
7
0
51

7
7
6
6
65

1.673

Section (B x D)
750
600
600
600
750
300
600
150
150
150
150

Preliminary size Calculation=


Density of concrete =

2.5

T/m2

Density of soil =

1.6

T/m2

Height of lift pit fill with soil =


Size of lift pit =

2.65

SBC of soil =
Assume size =

L (m)
11.86

x B (m)
x 10.25

2
x 2.65

m
m

T/m2
20
x D (m)
x 0.90

Area

A =

11.86

Sectional modulus

ZL =

10.25 x 11.86 ^2

/6

ZT =
11.86 x 10.25 ^2
Additional load due to difference in weight of slab & soil =
11.86
x 10.25
x 0.90
x ( 2.50
- 1.60 )

/6

Lift pit fill with soil =


2.65
x 2.65
Additional moment due to eccentricity =
Longitudinal moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
x
Column C15
-264
x ( 2.785
Column C16
105
x ( 2.275
Column C17
-122
x ( 2.785
Column C18
74
x ( 2.275
Column C24
-392
x ( 2.785
Column C25
77
x 0.483
Column C26
152
x ( 2.275
Lift

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

Lift pit fill

-160
92
-206
118
11.236
Total

Transverse moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
Column C15
-264
Column C16
-105
Column C17
122
Column C18
74
Column C24
392
Column C25
77
Column C26
152
Lift

Lift pit fill

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

-160
-92
206
118
-11.236
Total

x ( 0.978
x ( 1.673
x ( 0.978
x ( 1.673
x ( 0.348

x 1.60

Lever arm
+ 0.978
- 0.483 )
+ 1.673
+ 0.483 )
+ 0.978
- 0.483 )
+ 1.673
+ 0.483 )
+ 0.978
- 0.483 )
+ 1.673
- 0.483 )
+ 0.483 )
- 0.483 )
+ 0.483 )
+ 0.483 )

x 10.25

+ 0.483 )

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Lever arm

x 2.970
x 2.970
x 0.000
x 0.000
x 2.970
x 2.970
x 2.970

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

x 2.970
x 2.970
x 0.000
x 0.000
x 1.325

=
=
=
=
=
=

Total vertical load on raft V =


Total Longitudinal moment on raft ML =
Total Transverse moment on raft MT =
Pmax =
=
Pmin =
=

1762.0
65.0
51.0

+ 98.5
+ 767.9
+ 14.9

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 1872

/ 122 )

+ ( 833

/ 240.3 )

+ ( 66

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 1872

/ 122 )

- ( 833

/ 240.3 )

- ( 66

+ 11.2

/ 207.7 )

/ 207.7 )

C16

C18

C/L of raft

C26

2.275

Section (B x D)
450
300
300
600
450

1.5

(Assume)

= 121.5753 m
3
=
240.334 m
3
= 207.6911 m

= 98.47595 T
=

-866.1
465.2
-400.2
327.9
-1286.0
37.2
673.4
-79.3
198.3
-102.1
254.3
9.3
-767.9

-784.1
-311.9
0.0
0.0
1164.2
228.7
451.4
-475.2
-273.2
0.0
0.0
-14.9
-14.9

11.236 T

=
=
=

1871.7 T
832.9 T
65.9 T

2
19.18 T/m

Safe

2
11.61 T/m

Safe

Design of Raft foundation (Normal Load condition-LC101)


3.3555

C/L of raft
11.711
C/L of lift

2.53

0.4075

C15

C16

0.348
C/L of lift
2.97
1.325
C17

C18

C/L of raft

2.97
C24

C26

C25

2.53
2.5

Loads
Column C15
Column C16
Column C17
Column C18
Column C24
Column C25
Column C26
Lift

Total =

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

2.785

0.978

V (Ton)
264
64
122
53
392
77
152

MX (T m)
1
1
0
0
0
3
0

MZ (T m)
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

105
39
156
75
1499

0
0
2
0
7

1
0
1
1
7

1.673

2.275

Section (B x D)
750
600
450
600
300
600
300
750
300
600
600
450
150
150
150
150

1.5

Preliminary size Calculation=


Density of concrete =
Density of soil =
Height of lift pit fill with soil =
Size of lift pit =

2.65

SBC of soil =
Assume footing bottom below GL =

Assume size =

L (m)
11.71

x B (m)
x 11.00

2.5

T/m2

1.6
2
x 2.65

T/m2
m
m

20
3.00

T/m2
m

D (m)
x 0.75

Area

A =

11.71

x 11.00

Sectional modulus

ZL =

11.00

x 11.71 ^2

ZT =
11.71
Additional load due to difference in weight of slab & soil =
11.71
x 11.00
x 0.75
x ( 2.50

x 11.00 ^2

Lift pit fill with soil =


2.65
x 2.65
Additional moment due to eccentricity =
Longitudinal moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
x
Column C15
-264
x ( 2.785
Column C16
64
x ( 2.275
Column C17
-122
x ( 2.785
Column C18
53
x ( 2.275
Column C24
-392
x ( 2.785
Column C25
77
x 0.408
Column C26
152
x ( 2.275
Lift

Lift pit fill

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

-105
39
-156
75
11.236
Total

Transverse moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
Column C15
-264
Column C16
-64
Column C17
122
Column C18
53
Column C24
392

x ( 0.978
x ( 1.673
x ( 0.978
x ( 1.673
x ( 0.348

- 1.60 )

x 1.60

Lever arm
+ 0.978
+ 1.673
+ 0.978
+ 1.673
+ 0.978

- 0.408 )
+ 0.408 )
- 0.408 )
+ 0.408 )
- 0.408 )

+ 1.673

+ 0.408 )

- 0.408 )
+ 0.408 )
- 0.408 )
+ 0.408 )
+ 0.408 )

x
x 2.970
x 2.970
x 0.000
x 0.000
x 2.970

(Assume)

2
128.821 m

/6

3
251.4371218 m

/6

3
236.1718333 m

86.954175 T

11.236 T

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

-885.9
278.8
-409.4
230.8
-1315.4
31.4
662.0

=
=
=
=
=
=

-59.9
81.1
-89.0
156.0
8.5
-1310.8

=
=
=
=
=

-784.1
-190.1
0.0
0.0
1164.2

Lever arm

Column C25
Column C26
Lift

77
152

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

Lift pit fill

-105
-39
156
75
-11.236
Total

x 2.970
x 2.970

=
=

228.7
451.4

x 2.970
x 2.970
x 0.000
x 0.000
x 1.325

=
=
=
=
=
=

-311.9
-115.8
0.0
0.0
-14.9
427.6

Total vertical load on raft V =


Total Longitudinal moment on raft ML =
Total Transverse moment on raft MT =
Pmax =
=
Pmin =
=

1499.0
7.0
7.0

+ 87.0
+ 1310.8
+ 427.6

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 1597

/ 129 )

+ ( 1318

/ 251.4 )

+ ( 435

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 1597

/ 129 )

- ( 1318

/ 251.4 )

- ( 435

Over burden pressure =

( 3.00

- 0.75 )

x 1.60

+ 11.2

=
=
=

1597.2 T
1317.8 T
434.6 T

/ 236.2 )

2
19.48 T/m

Safe

/ 236.2 )

2
5.32 T/m

Safe

2
3.60 T/m

Design calculation: Let the load be transferred through beams which are considered similar to inverted slab - beam design.
Let the beam width be
900 mm
for external column grid &

600 mm

for internal column grid.

C/L of raft
11.711
2.08
2.53

C16

C15

0.9

2.97

2.22
C17

C18

0.6
2.185

2.351

1.675

C/L of raft

0.90

2.22

0.30

0.30

0.90

2.97
C24

C26

C25

0.90
2.53
2.08
2.5

2.785

0.978

1.673

2.275

1.5

The slab is designed as cantilever slab on either side of beam and internal slab is designed as one way slab.
Ultimate load intensity including ULS factor =

1.5

x 19.48

2
29.22 T/m

As the raft foundation slab-beam is an inverted slab-beam system with load intensity which is the reaction of soil pressure acting upwards.
The positive bending moment is the bending moment which causes compression on the face of slab on which load is acting.
The acitve load is from columns and rection is from soil. Hence bending moment which causes compression on top surface
is considred positive. With this notation positive bending moment is occuring along the face of beams and negative bending
moment along span.
Design of Raft Slab : Concrete grade :
Steel grade :

20 Mpa
415 Mpa

Cover to bottom :

65 mm

Consider per metre width of slab=


Ku = xu lim/d =
700 / (1100 +0.87 fy)=
R = Mu lim/fck x b x d2=

1000 mm
0.48

0.36 x fck x ku x (1 - 0.416 ku) =


R x fck x b x d2

Mu lim =

0.138
=

1266 KN m

286.65 kN/m2
2.53

334.88

2.97

2.97

743.66
310.38

2.53

589.52
334.88

310.38
2.22

2.22

BM Diagram from STAAD Analysis

28.9
2.08

75.40

75.40

684.99
276.71

164.75

652.33

deff
deff

deff

244.62
deff

244.62

652.33

164.75
276.71

684.99

Positive Bending moment at face of beam for per metre width : M1 =

Assumed thickess of slab =

Effective depth =

750

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 16 )

Ast required =
Provide

16 #

85

c/c

in

1000

mm

width

Max shear force @ effective depth d from face of beam : V1 =

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

( 276.71

x 1000 )

x 677 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

0.750 m

677 mm

2
1434 mm

2
2365 mm

/ ( 1000

334.88 kN m

Safe

Pt= 0.35 %

276.71 kN

2
0.41 N / mm

2
0.41 N / mm

Safe

Negative Bending moment at midspan between two beam for per metre width : M2 =

75.40 kN m

Assumed thickess of slab =

0.750 m

Effective depth =

750

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 16 )

Ast required =
Provide

16 #

170

c/c

in

1000

mm

width

677 mm

2
312 mm

2
1183 mm

2
900 mm

2
905 mm

Safe

Pt= 0.17 %

Safe

Pt= 0.12 %

Distribution steel : Minimum reinforcement =


Provide

12 #

Design of Longitudinal Beam : -

0.12
@

125

% of total cross section area


c/c

in

1000

mm

width

Design of external Longitudinal beam : Width of beam =


Depth of beam =
UDL Load on beam =

2.5

29.22

x ( 2.08

2.785

+ 0.90

+ 2.22

2.651

/2)

2.275

=
=

900 mm
1800 mm

=
=

119.5 T / m
1172 kN / m
1.5

1172 kN / m

Concrete grade :
Steel grade :

20 Mpa
415 Mpa

Cover to bottom :

65 mm

Consider width of beam =


Ku = xu lim/d =
700 / (1100 +0.87 fy)=
R = Mu lim/fck x b x d2=

0.36 x fck x ku x (1 - 0.416 ku) =

900
mm
0.48
0.138

R x fck x b x d2

Mu lim =

7311 KN m

Positive Bending moment at face of Column : MB1 =

Assumed Depth of beam =

1.800 m

1715 mm

2
4950 mm

2
3142 mm

=
=

2532 kN

Effective depth =

1800

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 20 )

- 10

Ast required =
Provide

20 #

90

c/c

in

900
10

mm
Nos.

width

Max shear force @ face of column : VB1 =

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

( 2532.00

x 1000 )

/ ( 900

x 1715 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

Asv / Sv required =

( ( 1.64

Provide

10 #

6 Legs

- 0.31 )
@

x 900 )
150

/ ( 0.87

x 415 )

c/c

2880.0 kN m

(From STAAD Analysis)

Unsafe

2
1.64 N / mm

2
0.31 N / mm

2
3.31 mm / mm

2
3.14 mm / mm Unsafe

Pt= 0.18 %

Shear Reinf. Required

Positive Bending moment at other edge Column : MB2 =

801.0 kN m

Assumed Depth of beam =

1.800 m

1715 mm

2
1315 mm

2
1571 mm

=
=

1336 kN

Effective depth =

1800

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 20 )

- 10

Ast required =
Provide

20 #

Max shear force @ face of column : VB2 =

180

c/c

in

900
5

mm
Nos.

width

(From STAAD Analysis)

Safe

Pt= 0.09 %

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

( 1335.60

x 1000 )

/ ( 900

x 1715 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

Asv / Sv required =

( ( 0.87

Provide

10 #

6 Legs

- 0.23 )
@

x 900 )
300

/ ( 0.87

x 415 )

c/c

2
0.87 N / mm

2
0.23 N / mm

2
1.58 mm / mm

2
1.57 mm / mm Unsafe

Shear Reinf. Required

Negative Bending moment at other edge Column : MB3 =

481.5 kN m

Assumed Depth of beam =

1.800 m

1717 mm

Effective depth =

1800

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 16 )

- 10

Ast required =
Provide

16 #

180

c/c

in

900
5

mm
Nos.

width

Max shear force @ face of column : VB2 =

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

( 1335.60

/ ( 900

x 1717 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

Asv / Sv required =

( ( 0.86

Provide

10 #

6 Legs

x 1000 )

- 0.20 )
@

x 900 )
300

/ ( 0.87
c/c

Design of internal Longitudinal beam : Concrete grade :


20 Mpa
Steel grade :
415 Mpa

Consider width of beam =


Ku = xu lim/d =
700 / (1100 +0.87 fy)=

Cover to bottom :

R = Mu lim/fck x b x d2=

65 mm

Mu lim =

x 415 )

2
785 mm

2
1005 mm

=
=

1336 kN

Safe

2
0.86 N / mm

2
0.20 N / mm

2
1.66 mm / mm

2
1.57 mm / mm Unsafe

Pt= 0.07 %

Shear Reinf. Required

600
mm
0.48

0.36 x fck x ku x (1 - 0.416 ku) =


R x fck x b x d2

(From STAAD Analysis)

0.138
=

4874 KN m

Positive Bending moment at face of Column : MB1 =

2376.0 kN m

(From STAAD Analysis)

Assumed Depth of beam =


Effective depth =

1800

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 20 )

- 10

Ast required =
Provide

20 #

90

c/c

in

600
7

mm
Nos.

width

Max shear force @ face of column : VB1 =

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

( 2022.00

/ ( 900

x 1715 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

Asv / Sv required =

( ( 1.31

Provide

10 #

4 Legs

x 1000 )

Cost Analysis : Volume of concrete =

3
96.62 m

Volume of beam =

3
29.51 m

- 0.26 )
@

x 900 )
150

/ ( 0.87
c/c

x 415 )

1.800 m

1715 mm

2
4194 mm

2
2094 mm

=
=

2022 kN

Unsafe

2
1.31 N / mm

2
0.26 N / mm

2
2.61 mm / mm

2
2.09 mm / mm Unsafe

Pt= 0.12 %

Shear Reinf. Required

119
10.912
2051.674
3
96.61575 m
3274 kg

2052

3
71.2 m

80.06

3
4000 Rs / m
45 Rs / Kg

Design of Raft foundation (Normal Load condition-LC101)


2.7305

C/L of raft
12.461
C/L of lift

0.9

1.0325

C15

C16

0.348

4.77

2.97
C/L of raft
1.325
C17

3.87

C18

0.9
3.50
3.50
Loads
Column C15
Column C16
Column C17
Column C18
Lift

2.785

0.978

1.673

6.29
V (Ton)
264
64
122
53

MX (T m)
1
1
0
0

MZ (T m)
1
0
1
0

105
39
156
75
878

0
0
2
0
4

1
0
1
1
5

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

Total =

2.275
8.94

Section (B x D)
750
600
450
600
300
600
300
150
150
150
150

Preliminary size Calculation=


Density of concrete =
Density of soil =
Height of lift pit fill with soil =
Size of lift pit =

2.65

SBC of soil =
Assume footing bottom below GL =

Assume size =

L (m)
12.46

x B (m)
x 4.77

2.5

T/m2

1.6
2
x 2.65

T/m2
m
m

20
3.00

T/m2
m

D (m)
x 0.45

1.25
11.21

(Assume)

12.46

Area

A =

12.46

x 4.77

Sectional modulus

ZL =

4.77

x 12.46 ^2

ZT =
12.46
Additional load due to difference in weight of slab & soil =
12.46
x 4.77
x 0.45
x ( 2.50

x 4.77 ^2

Lift pit fill with soil =


2.65
x 2.65
Additional moment due to eccentricity =
Longitudinal moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
x
Column C15
-264
x ( 2.785
Column C16
64
x ( 2.275
Column C17
-122
x ( 2.785
Column C18
53
x ( 2.275
Lift

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

Lift pit fill


Transverse moment =
COLUMN NO.
Column C15
Column C16
Column C17
Column C18
Lift

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

-105
39
-156
75
11.236
Total

x ( 0.978
x ( 1.673
x ( 0.978
x ( 1.673
x ( 0.348

- 1.60 )

x 1.60

Lever arm
+ 0.978
+ 1.673
+ 0.978
+ 1.673

- 1.033 )
+ 1.033 )
- 1.033 )
+ 1.033 )

- 1.033 )
+ 1.033 )
- 1.033 )
+ 1.033 )
+ 1.0325 )

P/A
( 913
15.365488

/6

3
123.445 m

/6

3
47.254 m

24.073 T

11.236 T

=
=
=
=

-720.9
318.8
-333.1
264.0

=
=
=
=
=
=

5.7
105.5
8.5
202.9
15.5
-133.1

x 2.970
x 2.970
x 2.970
x 2.970

Lever arm
/2
/2
/2
/2

=
=
=
=

-392.0
-95.0
181.2
78.7

-105
-39
156
75

x 2.970
x 2.970
x 2.970
x 2.970

/2
/2
/2
/2

=
=
=
=

-155.9
-57.9
231.7
111.4

-98.0

Total vertical load on raft V =


Total Longitudinal moment on raft ML =
Total Transverse moment on raft MT =

2
59.439 m

-264
-64
122
53

Total

Pmax =

+
/ 59 )

ML / ZL

878.0
5.0
4.0
+

+ ( 138
/ 123.4 )
1.1186511

+ 24.1
+ 133.1
+ 98.0

+ 11.2

=
=
=

913.3 T
138.1 T m
102.0 T m

/ 47.3 )

2
18.64 T/m

MT / ZT
+ ( 102
2.15875991

Safe

0.93

Pmin =
=

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 913

/ 59 )

- ( 138

/ 123.4 )

- ( 102

Over burden pressure =

( 3.00

- 0.45 )

/ 47.3 )

x 1.60

2
12.09 T/m

2
4.08 T/m

Safe

Design calculation: Design of Raft Beam : Let the load be transferred through beams which are considered similar to inverted slab - beam design.
Let the beam width be
1000 mm
Ultimate pressure for slab and beam des =

18.64

x 9.81

x 1.50

2
274.33 kN/m

2
300.00 kN/m

Depth of beam =

UDL Load on beam =

300.00

Column C15
3.5

+ 2.97

Lift corner 1
2.785

/2)

2.651
716 kN / m

Maximum Bending momet @ (Section B)=


Maximum Shear force @ (Section B) =

1328 kN m
1511 kN

Maximum Bending momet @ (Section C)=


Maximum Shear force @ (Section C) =

449 kN m
1113 kN

Beam design is presented in separate sheet.

x 3.50

0.9

Df

3.50 m
3150 mm
1000 mm
1500 mm
450 mm
4225 mm
1800 mm

716 kN / m

Column C16
2.275

1500 mm

Lift corner 2

3513 kN m
2238 kN

8.4.28a) Design of Raft beam (Flanged beam section).

Beffec

x ( 0.90

Maximum Bending momet @ face of beam from cantilever end (Section A)=
Maximum Shear force @ face of beam from cantilever end (Section A) =

Span
L0
Beam width
Beam Depth
Flange depth

(Consider maximum)

1.25

Fck
Fy
Effective cover to Ast d'
Effect. Cover to Asc dc'
Effective depth 'd'
Flange width
bf

Mpa
Mpa
mm
mm
1395 mm
1800 mm
20
415
105
72

Df/d

0.32

Mu =
Xu max =

3504 kN-m

0.46 d
642 mm
Xu > Df

=
If xu < Df
If Df/D > 0.2
389 mm

yf =
Mbal.

8561 kN-m
Singly R B
(mm2)
#DIV/0!

Ast req =
Consider

If Df/D < 0.2


200 mm

7065
10569

(mm2)

xu
Mu=
Mu=

=
=
=

80
mm
0.36 x fck x bw x xu x (d - 0.42xu) + 0.45 x fck x (Bf - bw) x yf x (d - yf / 2)
3509 kN m
OK

Ast =

=
=

{(0.36 x fck x bw x xu)+ (0.45 x fck x (bf - bw) x yf)} / (0.87 x fy)
2
7668 mm

Provide

2 Layer

13 Nos.

20 #

2
8168 mm

Giving Ast =

Safe

Design of Raft Slab : Concrete grade :


Steel grade :

20 Mpa
415 Mpa

Cover to bottom :

65 mm

Consider per metre width of slab=


Ku = xu lim/d =
700 / (1100 +0.87 fy)=
R = Mu lim/fck x b x d2=

0.36 x fck x ku x (1 - 0.416 ku) =


R x fck x b x d2

Mu lim =

393 KN m

Assumed thickess of slab =

Ast required =

0.138
=

Negative Bending moment at midspan between two beam for per metre width : M1 =

Effective depth =

1000
mm
0.48

=
450

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 16 )

209.28 kN m
0.450 m

377 mm

2
1697 mm

(From ETABS Analysis)

Provide

16 #

100

c/c

in

Max shear force @ effective depth d from face of beam : -

1000

mm

1000 / 2

width
+ 377

V1 @ deff from face of beam i.e. @ = 0.877 m from beam centre

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

( 182.40

x 1000 )

/ ( 1000

x 377 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

Positive Bending moment at face of beam for per metre width : M2 =


Assumed thickess of slab =
Effective depth =

450

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 16 )

Ast required =

Provide

10 #

0.12

% of total cross section area

150

c/c

in

x1
x2

x 12.46
x 12.46

x 4.77
x 1.00

x 0.45
x ( 1.50

1000

mm

width

Safe

877 mm
182.40 kN

2
0.48 N / mm

2
0.49 N / mm

27.00 kN m

0.450 m

377 mm

2
201 mm

Provide
16 #
@
200
c/c
in
1000
mm
width =
As the critical section for shear i.e. deff from face of beam is almost at edge of slab, shear force will be too less. Hence it wont govern.
Distribution steel : Minimum reinforcement =

2
2011 mm

2
1005 mm

2
540 mm

2
524 mm

(From ETABS Analysis)

Safe

(From ETABS Analysis)

Safe

Unsafe

Cost of Raft Slab : Concrete quantity : Quantity of raft slab =


Quantity of raft beam =

1
1

=
=

- 0.45 )

26.75
26.17

m3
m3

52.92

m3

Steel quantity : Raft slab reinforcement:


Nos. of steel in tansverse direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in tansverse direction (Bottom)=

16 #
16 #

@
@

100 c/c
200 c/c

in Length
in Length

12.461 m
12.461 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

125 Bar Length =


63 Bar Length =

Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =


Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Bot)=

10 #
10 #

@
@

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

4.770 m
4.770 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

32 Bar Length =
32 Bar Length =

Raft Beam reinforcement:


Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Bot)=

20 #
20 #
16 #

13 Nos.
13 Nos.
13 Nos.

Bar Length =
Bar Length =
Bar Length =

12.961 m
5.790 m
12.841 m

Stirrups: - Outer ring


Inner ring

1
1

x1
x3

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

3.125 m
3.125 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

21 Stirrups Bar Length =


21 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

2.260 m
2.260 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =


16 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

2.350 m
2.350 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =


16 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

1.825 m
1.825 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

13 Stirrups Bar Length =


13 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

0.950 m
0.950 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

7 Stirrups Bar Length =


7 Stirrups Bar Length =

10
0.62

12
0.89

16
1.58

Unit weight of steel : Bar Dia (mm)

Unit wt (kg/m)

0.22

0.39

20
2.47

3
Concrete = 52.92 m
Steel
= 3451.7 kg

Total quantity =

25
3.85

32
6.17
4000

Rs/m3

211663 Rs.

60

Rs/kg

207103 Rs.
418765 Rs.

Individual footing if possible : - (At present, lift dimesion are considered which is availabe, however this dimesions are not enough.]
Footing size (m)
Depth (m)
Reinforcement provided
Concrete
Column No. C15
Column No. C16
Column No. C17
Column No. C18
Lift

L (m)
4
2.5
3.8
2.5
4

B (m)
3.7
2.35
1.8
2.35
4.7

D (m)
1.6
0.9
0.8
0.65
0.3

d (m)
0.38
0.23
0.23

Short direction
16 #
125
12 #
125
12 #
100
12 #
125
12 #
100

Long direction
16 #
150
12 #
125
16 #
100
12 #
125
12 #
100

Steel

quatity (m3) quatity (kg)


13.38
392
3.33
97
5.472
195
3.98
70
5.64
367

31.8
4000
127208

1121.0
60
67260

194468 Rs.

(From ETABS Analysis)

Pt= 0.53 %

(From ETABS Analysis)

119
10.912
2051.674
3
26.74754 m
3274 kg

2052

3
71.2 m

80.06

3
4000 Rs / m
45 Rs / Kg

(From ETABS Analysis)

Pt= 0.27 %

Pt= 0.12 %

5.150 m
5.150 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

1017.1 kg
512.6 kg

12.661 m Giving total wt =


12.661 m Giving total wt =

251.2 kg
251.2 kg

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

416.2 kg
185.9 kg
263.8 kg

4.700 m
3.200 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

61.2 kg
125.0 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

46.6 kg
66.5 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

46.6 kg
66.5 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

37.9 kg
54.0 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

20.4 kg
29.1 kg
3451.7 kg

2.15

8.4.28a) Design of Concourse beam CB253 @ Sec 8.80 m (Flanged beam section).

Span
L0
Beam width
Beam Depth
Flange depth

x 3.65

0.9

Df

Beffec
Fck
Fy
Effective cover to Ast d'
Effect. Cover to Asc dc'
Effective depth 'd'
Flange width
bf

3.65 m
3285 mm
1000 mm
1250 mm
380 mm
3827.5 mm
3000 mm
20 Mpa
415 Mpa
114.5 mm
72 mm
1135.5 mm
3000 mm

Df/d

0.33

Mu =
Xu max =

22640 kN-m

0.46 d
522 mm
Xu > Df

=
If xu < Df
If Df/D > 0.2
200 mm

yf =
Mbal.

4542 kN-m

7173
2)

(mm
Check Doubly reinforced
section

Ast req =
Consider

If Df/D < 0.2


200 mm

26769

(mm2)

xu
Mu=
Mu=

=
=
=

mm
0.36 x fck x bw x xu x (d - 0.42xu) + 0.45 x fck x (Bf - bw) x Df x (d - Df / 2)
9209 kN m

Ast =

=
=

{(0.36 x fck x bw x xu)+ (0.45 x fck x (bf - bw) x Df)} / (0.87 x fy)
2
26769 mm

392

Df x (d - Df / 2)

Design of Raft foundation (Normal Load condition-LC101)

C/L of raft
6.275
C/L of lift

0.90

C16

Cor-2

Cor-1

1.485

1.1375

4.77

2.97

C/L of raft

0.1875

1.485
1.325
C18

Cor-3

0.9

Cor-4

0.675

Loads
Column C16
Column C18
Lift

2.65

V (Ton)
64
53

MX (T m)
1
0

MZ (T m)
0
0

105
39
156
75
492

0
0
2
0
3

1
0
1
1
3

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

Total =

2.275

Section (B x D)
600
450
600
300

0.675

Long

261

Trans

208

150
150
150
150

Preliminary size Calculation=


Density of concrete =
Density of soil =
Height of lift pit fill with soil =
Size of lift pit =

2.65

SBC of soil =
Assume footing bottom below GL =

Assume size =

L (m)
6.28

x B (m)
x 4.77

2.5

T/m2

1.6
2
x 2.65

T/m2
m
m

20
3.00

T/m2
m

(Assume)

D (m)
x 0.45

Area

A =

6.28

x 4.77

Sectional modulus

ZL =

4.77

x 6.28 ^2

/6

2
29.932 m

3
31.304 m

231
30
284
76

ZT =
6.28
Additional load due to difference in weight of slab & soil =
6.28
x 4.77
x 0.45
x ( 2.50

x 4.77 ^2
- 1.60 )

Lift pit fill with soil =


2.65
x 2.65
x 1.60
Additional moment due to eccentricity =
Longitudinal moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
x Lever arm
Column C16
64
x ( 2.275 + 0.1875 )
Column C18
53
x ( 2.275 + 0.1875 )
Lift

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

Lift pit fill


Transverse moment =
COLUMN NO.
Column C16
Column C18
Lift

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

-105
39
-156
75
11.236
Total

x ( 2.650
x ( 2.275
x ( 2.650
x ( 2.275
x ( 0.000

- 0.1875 )
+ 0.1875 )
- 0.1875 )
+ 0.1875 )
+ 0.0000 )

Pmin =
=

Design calculation: -

12.122 T

11.236 T

=
=

157.6
130.5

=
=
=
=
=
=

-258.6
96.0
-384.2
184.7
0.0
-73.9

Lever arm
=
=

-95.0
78.7

-105
-39
156
75

x 1.485
x 1.485
x 1.485
x 1.485

=
=
=
=

-155.9
-57.9
231.7
111.4

112.9

492.0
3.0
3.0

+ 12.1
+ 73.9
+ 112.9

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 515
17.2177824
P/A

/ 30 )

/ 31.3 )

+ ( 77
2.4557861
ML / ZL

+ ( 116
4.86893847
MT / ZT

( 515

/ 30 )

- ( 77

/ 31.3 )

Over burden pressure =

3
23.796 m

x 1.485
x 1.485

Total vertical load on raft V =


Total Longitudinal moment on raft ML =
Total Transverse moment on raft MT =

-64
53

Total

Pmax =

/6

( 3.00

- 0.45 )

x 1.60

- ( 116

+ 11.2

=
=
=

515.4 T
76.9 T m
115.9 T m

/ 23.8 )

2
24.54 T/m
24.542507

/ 23.8 )

2
9.89 T/m

2
4.08 T/m

Revise foundation1.23
size

Safe

Design of Raft Beam : Let the load be transferred through beams which are considered similar to inverted slab - beam design.
Let the beam width be
1000 mm
Ultimate pressure for slab and beam des =

24.54

x 9.81

x 1.50

2
361.14 kN/m

2
300.00 kN/m

Depth of beam =

UDL Load on beam =

300.00

Column C15

x ( 0.90

+ 2.97

Lift corner 1

/2)

3.325
716 kN / m

3513 kN m
2238 kN

Maximum Bending momet @ (Section B)=


Maximum Shear force @ (Section B) =

1328 kN m
1511 kN

Maximum Bending momet @ (Section C)=


Maximum Shear force @ (Section C) =

449 kN m
1113 kN

Beam design is presented in separate sheet.


8.4.28a) Design of Raft beam (Flanged beam section).

x 3.50

0.9

Df

Beffec
Fck
Fy
Effective cover to Ast d'
Effect. Cover to Asc dc'
Effective depth 'd'
Flange width
bf

3.50 m
3150 mm
1000 mm
1500 mm
450 mm
4225 mm
1800 mm
20 Mpa
415 Mpa
105 mm
72 mm
1395 mm
1800 mm

716 kN / m

Column C16
2.275

1500 mm

Lift corner 2

Maximum Bending momet @ face of beam from cantilever end (Section A)=
Maximum Shear force @ face of beam from cantilever end (Section A) =

Span
L0
Beam width
Beam Depth
Flange depth

(Consider maximum)

0.675

Df/d

0.32

Mu =
Xu max =

3504 kN-m

0.46 d
642 mm
Xu > Df

=
If xu < Df
If Df/D > 0.2
389 mm

yf =
Mbal.

8561 kN-m
Singly R B
(mm2)
#DIV/0!

Ast req =
Consider

If Df/D < 0.2


200 mm

7065
10569

(mm2)

xu
Mu=
Mu=

=
=
=

80
mm
0.36 x fck x bw x xu x (d - 0.42xu) + 0.45 x fck x (Bf - bw) x yf x (d - yf / 2)
3509 kN m
OK

Ast =

=
=

{(0.36 x fck x bw x xu)+ (0.45 x fck x (bf - bw) x yf)} / (0.87 x fy)
2
7668 mm

Provide

2 Layer

13 Nos.

20 #

2
8168 mm

Giving Ast =

Safe

Design of Raft Slab : Concrete grade :


Steel grade :

20 Mpa
415 Mpa

Cover to bottom :

65 mm

Consider per metre width of slab=


Ku = xu lim/d =
700 / (1100 +0.87 fy)=
R = Mu lim/fck x b x d2=

1000
mm
0.48

0.36 x fck x ku x (1 - 0.416 ku) =

0.138

R x fck x b x d2

Mu lim =

Negative Bending moment at midspan between two beam for per metre width : M1 =

Assumed thickess of slab =

Effective depth =

450

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 16 )

Ast required =
Provide

16 #

393 KN m

100

c/c

Max shear force @ effective depth d from face of beam : V1 @ deff from face of beam i.e. @ = 0.877 m from beam centre

in

1000
1000 / 2

mm

width
+ 377

209.28 kN m
0.450 m

377 mm

2
1697 mm

2
2011 mm

=
=

(From ETABS Analysis)

Safe

877 mm
182.40 kN

(From ETABS Analysis)

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

( 182.40

x 1000 )

/ ( 1000

x 377 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

Positive Bending moment at face of beam for per metre width : M2 =


Assumed thickess of slab =
Effective depth =

450

- 65

- ( 0.5

x 16 )

Ast required =

2
0.48 N / mm

2
0.49 N / mm

27.00 kN m

0.450 m

377 mm

2
201 mm

Provide
16 #
@
200
c/c
in
1000
mm
width =
As the critical section for shear i.e. deff from face of beam is almost at edge of slab, shear force will be too less. Hence it wont govern.
Distribution steel : Minimum reinforcement =
Provide

10 #

0.12

% of total cross section area

150

c/c

in

x1
x2

x 6.28
x 6.28

x 4.77
x 1.00

x 0.45
x ( 1.50

1000

mm

width

2
1005 mm

2
540 mm

2
524 mm

Safe

(From ETABS Analysis)

Safe

Unsafe

Cost of Raft Slab : Concrete quantity : Quantity of raft slab =


Quantity of raft beam =

1
1

=
=

- 0.45 )

13.47
13.18

m3
m3

26.65

m3

Steel quantity : Raft slab reinforcement:


Nos. of steel in tansverse direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in tansverse direction (Bottom)=

16 #
16 #

@
@

100 c/c
200 c/c

in Length
in Length

6.275 m
6.275 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

63 Bar Length =
32 Bar Length =

Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =


Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Bot)=

10 #
10 #

@
@

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

4.770 m
4.770 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

32 Bar Length =
32 Bar Length =

20 #
20 #
16 #

13 Nos.
13 Nos.
13 Nos.

Bar Length =
Bar Length =
Bar Length =

Raft Beam reinforcement:


Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Bot)=

12.961 m
5.790 m
12.841 m

Stirrups: - Outer ring


Inner ring

1
1

x1
x3

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

3.125 m
3.125 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

21 Stirrups Bar Length =


21 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

2.260 m
2.260 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =


16 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

2.350 m
2.350 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =


16 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

1.825 m
1.825 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

13 Stirrups Bar Length =


13 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

0.950 m
0.950 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

7 Stirrups Bar Length =


7 Stirrups Bar Length =

10
0.62

12
0.89

16
1.58

Unit weight of steel : Bar Dia (mm)

Unit wt (kg/m)

0.22

0.39

Total quantity =

Concrete =
Steel
=

20
2.47
3
26.65 m
2695.0 kg

25
3.85

32
6.17
4000

Rs/m3

106587 Rs.

60

Rs/kg

161698 Rs.
268286 Rs.

Individual footing if possible : - (At present, lift dimesion are considered which is availabe, however this dimesions are not enough.]
Footing size (m)
Depth (m)
Reinforcement provided
Concrete
Column No. C15
Column No. C16
Column No. C17
Column No. C18
Lift

L (m)
4
2.5
3.8
2.5
4

B (m)
3.7
2.35
1.8
2.35
4.7

D (m)
1.6
0.9
0.8
0.65
0.3

d (m)
0.38
0.23
0.23

Short direction
16 #
125
12 #
125
12 #
100
12 #
125
12 #
100

Long direction
16 #
150
12 #
125
16 #
100
12 #
125
12 #
100

Steel

quatity (m3) quatity (kg)


13.38
392
3.33
97
5.472
195
3.98
70
5.64
367

31.8
4000
127208

1121.0
60
67260

194468 Rs.

(From ETABS Analysis)

Pt= 0.53 %

(From ETABS Analysis)

119
10.912
2051.674
3
13.46929 m

3274 kg
3
71.2 m

3
4000 Rs / m
45 Rs / Kg

(From ETABS Analysis)

Pt= 0.27 %

Pt= 0.12 %

5.150 m
5.150 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

512.6 kg
260.4 kg

12.661 m Giving total wt =


12.661 m Giving total wt =

251.2 kg
251.2 kg

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

416.2 kg
185.9 kg
263.8 kg

2052
80.06

4.700 m
3.200 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

61.2 kg
125.0 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

46.6 kg
66.5 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

46.6 kg
66.5 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

37.9 kg
54.0 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

20.4 kg
29.1 kg
2695.0 kg

1.38

Design of Lift foundation (Seismic Load condition-LC8)

C/L of raft
3.650

Cr-1

0.5

Cr-2

3.8
2.80
C/L of raft

0.5

Cr-3

Cr-4

0.5

Loads
Lift

2.65

V (Ton)

MX (T m)

MZ (T m)

14
9
23
20
66

1
1
1
1
4

1
1
1
1
4

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

Total =

0.5

Section (B x D)
150
150
150
150

Preliminary size Calculation=


Density of concrete =
Density of soil =
Height of lift pit fill with soil =
Size of lift pit =

2.5

SBC of soil =
Assume footing bottom below GL =

Assume size =

L (m)
3.65

x B (m)
x 3.80

2.5

T/m3

1.6
2
x 2.65

T/m3
m
m

20
3.00

T/m2
m

(Assume)

D (m)
x 0.38

Area

A =

3.65

x 3.80

Sectional modulus

ZL =

3.80

x 3.65 ^2

ZT =
3.65
Additional load due to difference in weight of slab & soil =

x 3.80 ^2

2
13.870 m

/6

3
8.438 m

/6

3
8.784 m

3.65

x 3.80

x 0.38

Lift pit fill with soil =


2.50
x 2.65
Additional moment due to eccentricity =
Longitudinal moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
x
Lift
Corner -1
14
x ( 2.650
Corner -2
-9
x ( 2.650
Corner -3
23
x ( 2.650
Corner -4
-20
x ( 2.650

x ( 2.50

- 1.60 )

4.744 T

x 1.60

x 0.00

0 T

Lever arm
/2)
/2)
/2)
/2)

Total
Transverse moment =
COLUMN NO.
Lift
Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

x
14
9
-23
-20

x ( 2.800
x ( 2.800
x ( 2.800
x ( 2.800

Lever arm
/2)
/2)
/2)
/2)

Total
Total vertical load on raft V =
Total Longitudinal moment on raft ML =
Total Transverse moment on raft MT =
Pmax =
=
Pmin =
=

66.0
4.0
4.0

+ 4.7
+ 10.6
+ 28.0

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 71
5.10047152
P/A

/ 14 )

/ 8.4 )

+ ( 15
1.73035328
ML / ZL

+ ( 32
3.64284901
MT / ZT

( 71

/ 14 )

- ( 15

/ 8.4 )

Over burden pressure =

( 3.00

- 0.38 )

- ( 32

=
=
=
=
=
=

18.6
-11.9
30.5
-26.5
0.0
10.6

=
=
=
=

19.6
12.6
-32.2
-28.0

-28.0

(Balance as existing soil removed)

+ 0.0

=
=
=

70.7 T
14.6 T m
32.0 T m

/ 8.8 )

2
10.47 T/m

Safe

/ 8.8 )

2
-0.27 T/m

Safe

2
4.19 T/m

x 1.60

0.52

Design of Raft Slab : Concrete grade :


Steel grade :

20 Mpa
415 Mpa

Cover to bottom :

65 mm

Consider per metre width of slab=


Ku = xu lim/d =
700 / (1100 +0.87 fy)=
R = Mu lim/fck x b x d2=
Mu lim =

Load factor

1.5

1000
mm
0.48

0.36 x fck x ku x (1 - 0.416 ku) =


R x fck x b x d2

0.138
=

286 KN m

0.5

Load per metre width =10.5*1.5*9.81=


2.8
Ra = 293 kN

154 kN/m
0.5
Rb = 293 kN

-132 kNm

19 kNm

19 kNm
216 kN
77 kN

155 kN

deff=0.397
deff=0.397
155 kN

77 kN

216 kN
Negative Bending moment at midspan between two wall for per metre width : M1 =

Assumed thickess of slab =

Effective depth =

380

- 50

- ( 0.5

x 16 )

Ast required =
Provide

16 #

100

c/c

in

Max shear force @ effective depth d from face of Wall : V1 @ deff from face of beam i.e. @ = 0.397 m from Wall centre

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

Cost of Raft Slab : -

( 154.58

x 1000 )

1000
150 / 2

/ ( 1000

mm

width
+ 322

x 322 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

132 kN m

(From ETABS Analysis)

0.380 m

322 mm

2
1232 mm

2
2011 mm

=
=

397 mm
155 kN

2
0.48 N / mm

2
0.52 N / mm

Safe

Safe

Concrete quantity : Quantity of raft slab =


Quantity of raft beam =

1
1

x1
x2

x 3.65
x 3.65

x 3.80
#REF!

x 0.38
#REF!

=
=

- 0.38 )

5.27
#REF!

m3
m3

#REF!

m3

Steel quantity : Raft slab reinforcement:


Nos. of steel in tansverse direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in tansverse direction (Bottom)=

16 #
16 #

@
@

100 c/c
#REF!

in Length
in Length

3.650 m
3.650 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

#REF!

37 Bar Length =
Bar Length =

Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =


Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Bot)=

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

in Length
in Length

3.800 m
3.800 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

#REF!
#REF!

Bar Length =
Bar Length =

#REF!
#REF!
16 #

#REF!
#REF!
13 Nos.

Bar Length =
Bar Length =
Bar Length =

Raft Beam reinforcement:


Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Bot)=

#REF!
#REF!
12.841 m

Stirrups: - Outer ring


Inner ring

1
1

x1
x3

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

3.125 m
3.125 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

21 Stirrups Bar Length =


21 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

2.260 m
2.260 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =


16 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

2.350 m
2.350 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =


16 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

1.825 m
1.825 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

13 Stirrups Bar Length =


13 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

0.950 m
0.950 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

7 Stirrups Bar Length =


7 Stirrups Bar Length =

10
0.62

12
0.89

16
1.58

Unit weight of steel : Bar Dia (mm)

Unit wt (kg/m)

0.22

0.39

Total quantity =

Concrete =
Steel
=

20
2.47
3
#REF! m
#REF! kg

25
3.85

32
6.17
4000

Rs/m3

#REF!

Rs.

60

Rs/kg

#REF!
#REF!

Rs.
Rs.

Individual footing if possible : - (At present, lift dimesion are considered which is availabe, however this dimesions are not enough.]
Footing size (m)
Depth (m)
Reinforcement provided
Column No. C15
Column No. C16
Column No. C17
Column No. C18
Lift

L (m)
4
2.5
3.8
2.5
4

B (m)
3.7
2.35
1.8
2.35
4.7

D (m)
1.6
0.9
0.8
0.65
0.3

d (m)
0.38
0.23
0.23

Short direction
16 #
125
12 #
125
12 #
100
12 #
125
12 #
100

Long direction
16 #
150
12 #
125
16 #
100
12 #
125
12 #
100

Concrete

Steel

quatity (m3) quatity (kg)


13.38
392
3.33
97
5.472
195
3.98
70
5.64
367

31.8
4000
127208

1121.0
60
67260

194468 Rs.

(From ETABS Analysis)

Pt= 0.62 %

5.150 m
5.150 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

301.1 kg
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

#REF!
#REF!

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

#REF!
#REF!
263.8 kg

4.700 m
3.200 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

61.2 kg
125.0 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

46.6 kg
66.5 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

46.6 kg
66.5 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

37.9 kg
54.0 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

20.4 kg
29.1 kg
#REF!

#REF!

Design of Lift foundation (Seismic Load condition-LC8)

C/L of raft
3.650

Cr-1

0.5

Cr-2

3.8
2.80
C/L of raft

0.5

Cr-3

Cr-4

0.5

Loads
Lift

2.65

V (Ton)

MX (T m)

MZ (T m)

25
-4
24
12
57

1
1
1
1
4

2
2
1
1
6

Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

Total =

0.5

Section (B x D)
150
150
150
150

Preliminary size Calculation=


Density of concrete =
Density of soil =
Height of lift pit fill with soil =
Size of lift pit =

2.5

SBC of soil =
Assume footing bottom below GL =

Assume size =

L (m)
3.65

x B (m)
x 3.80

2.5

T/m3

1.6
2
x 2.65

T/m3
m
m

20
3.00

T/m2
m

(Assume)
(SBC is increased by 25% in Seismic condition)

D (m)
x 0.38

Area

A =

3.65

x 3.80

Sectional modulus

ZL =

3.80

x 3.65 ^2

ZT =
3.65
Additional load due to difference in weight of slab & soil =

x 3.80 ^2

2
13.870 m

/6

3
8.438 m

/6

3
8.784 m

3.65

x 3.80

x 0.38

Lift pit fill with soil =


2.50
x 2.65
Additional moment due to eccentricity =
Longitudinal moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
x
Lift
Corner -1
25
x ( 2.650
Corner -2
4
x ( 2.650
Corner -3
24
x ( 2.650
Corner -4
-12
x ( 2.650

x ( 2.50

- 1.60 )

4.744 T

x 1.60

x 0.00

0 T

Lever arm
/2)
/2)
/2)
/2)

Total
Transverse moment =
COLUMN NO.
Lift
Corner -1
Corner -2
Corner -3
Corner -4

x
25
-4
-24
-12

x ( 2.800
x ( 2.800
x ( 2.800
x ( 2.800

Lever arm
/2)
/2)
/2)
/2)

Total
Total vertical load on raft V =
Total Longitudinal moment on raft ML =
Total Transverse moment on raft MT =
Pmax =
=
Pmin =
=

57.0
6.0
4.0

+ 4.7
+ 54.3
+ 21.0

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 62
4.45158904
P/A

/ 14 )

/ 8.4 )

+ ( 60
7.14955902
ML / ZL

+ ( 25
2.84597579
MT / ZT

( 62

/ 14 )

- ( 60

/ 8.4 )

Over burden pressure =

( 3.00

- 0.38 )

- ( 25

=
=
=
=
=
=

33.1
5.3
31.8
-15.9
0.0
54.3

=
=
=
=

35.0
-5.6
-33.6
-16.8

-21.0

(Balance as existing soil removed)

+ 0.0

=
=
=

61.7 T
60.3 T m
25.0 T m

/ 8.8 )

2
14.45 T/m

Safe

/ 8.8 )

2
-5.54 T/m

Safe

2
4.19 T/m

x 1.60

0.58

Design of Raft Slab : Concrete grade :


Steel grade :

20 Mpa
415 Mpa

Cover to bottom :

65 mm

Consider per metre width of slab=


Ku = xu lim/d =
700 / (1100 +0.87 fy)=
R = Mu lim/fck x b x d2=
Mu lim =

Load factor

1.5

1000
mm
0.48

0.36 x fck x ku x (1 - 0.416 ku) =


R x fck x b x d2

0.138
=

286 KN m

0.5

Load per metre width =14.4*1.5*9.81=


2.8
Ra = 404 kN

213 kN/m
0.5
Rb = 404 kN

-182 kNm

27 kNm

27 kNm
298 kN
106 kN

213 kN

deff=0.397
deff=0.397
213 kN

106 kN

298 kN
Negative Bending moment at midspan between two wall for per metre width : M1 =

Assumed thickess of slab =

Effective depth =

380

- 50

- ( 0.5

x 16 )

Ast required =
Provide

16 #

100

c/c

in

Max shear force @ effective depth d from face of Wall : V1 @ deff from face of beam i.e. @ = 0.397 m from Wall centre

Shear stress v =
Shear strength of concrete c =

( 213.23

x 1000 )

1000
150 / 2

/ ( 1000

mm

width
+ 322

x 322 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

182 kN m
0.380 m

322 mm

2
1765 mm

2
2011 mm

=
=

397 mm
213 kN

2
0.66 N / mm

2
0.52 N / mm

Safe

Shear Reinf. Required

Cost of Raft Slab : Concrete quantity : Quantity of raft slab =


Quantity of raft beam =

1
1

x1
x2

x 3.65
x 3.65

x 3.80
#REF!

x 0.38
#REF!

=
=

- 0.38 )

5.27
#REF!

m3
m3

#REF!

m3

Steel quantity : Raft slab reinforcement:


Nos. of steel in tansverse direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in tansverse direction (Bottom)=

16 #
16 #

@
@

100 c/c
#REF!

in Length
in Length

3.650 m
3.650 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

#REF!

37 Bar Length =
Bar Length =

Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =


Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Bot)=

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

in Length
in Length

3.800 m
3.800 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

#REF!
#REF!

Bar Length =
Bar Length =

#REF!
#REF!
16 #

#REF!
#REF!
13 Nos.

Bar Length =
Bar Length =
Bar Length =

Raft Beam reinforcement:


Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Bot)=

#REF!
#REF!
12.841 m

Stirrups: - Outer ring


Inner ring

1
1

x1
x3

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

3.125 m
3.125 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

21 Stirrups Bar Length =


21 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

2.260 m
2.260 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =


16 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

2.350 m
2.350 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =


16 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

1.825 m
1.825 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

13 Stirrups Bar Length =


13 Stirrups Bar Length =

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

0.950 m
0.950 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

7 Stirrups Bar Length =


7 Stirrups Bar Length =

10
0.62

12
0.89

16
1.58

Unit weight of steel : Bar Dia (mm)

Unit wt (kg/m)

0.22

0.39

Total quantity =

Concrete =

20
2.47
3
#REF! m

25
3.85

32
6.17
4000

Rs/m3

#REF!

Rs.

Steel

#REF! kg

60

Individual footing if possible : - (At present, lift dimesion are considered which is availabe, however this dimesions are not enough.]
Footing size (m)
Depth (m)
Reinforcement provided
Column No. C15
Column No. C16
Column No. C17
Column No. C18
Lift

L (m)
4
2.5
3.8
2.5
4

B (m)
3.7
2.35
1.8
2.35
4.7

D (m)
1.6
0.9
0.8
0.65
0.3

d (m)
0.38
0.23
0.23

Short direction
16 #
125
12 #
125
12 #
100
12 #
125
12 #
100

Long direction
16 #
150
12 #
125
16 #
100
12 #
125
12 #
100

Rs/kg

Concrete

#REF!
#REF!

Rs.
Rs.

Steel

quatity (m3) quatity (kg)


13.38
392
3.33
97
5.472
195
3.98
70
5.64
367

31.8
4000
127208

1121.0
60
67260

194468 Rs.

Pt= 0.62 %

Shear Reinf. Required

5.150 m
5.150 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

301.1 kg
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

#REF!
#REF!

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

#REF!
#REF!
263.8 kg

4.700 m
3.200 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

61.2 kg
125.0 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

46.6 kg
66.5 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

46.6 kg
66.5 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

37.9 kg
54.0 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

20.4 kg
29.1 kg
#REF!

#REF!

Design of Raft foundation (Normal Load condition-LC101)


5.00
1.50

C15

0.985
C/L of footing
2.97

1.985

4.97

C17

0.5
2.50

2.50

Loads
Column C15
Column C17
Total =

V (Ton)
368
184
552
421
Preliminary size Calculation=

MX (T m)
3
1
4
2

MZ (T m)
3
8
11
1

Density of concrete =

2.5

Density of soil =

1.6

SBC of soil =
Assume footing bottom below GL =

20
3.00

Assume size =

L (m)
5.00

x B (m)
x 4.97

D (m)
x 0.38

Area

A =

5.00

x 4.97

Sectional modulus

ZL =

4.97

x 5.00 ^2

ZT =
5.00
Additional load due to difference in weight of slab & soil =
5.00
x 4.97
x 0.38
x ( 2.50

x 4.97 ^2

Additional moment due to eccentricity =


Longitudinal moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
Column C15
368
x 0.000
Column C17
-184
x 0.000
Total
Transverse moment =
COLUMN NO.
V
Column C15
368
x 0.985
Column C17
-184
x 1.985

Lever arm

Lever arm

- 1.60 )

Total
Total vertical load on raft V =
Total Longitudinal moment on raft ML =
Total Transverse moment on raft MT =
Pmax =
=
Pmin =
=

552.0
11.0
4.0

+ 8.5
+ 0.0
+ 2.8

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 560

/ 25 )

+ ( 11

/ 20.7 )

+(7

P/A

ML / ZL

MT / ZT

( 560

/ 25 )

- ( 11

/ 20.7 )

-(7

Over burden pressure =

( 3.00

- 0.38 )

x 1.60

Design calculation: Design of Raft Beam : Let the load be transferred through beams which are considered similar to inverted slab - beam design.
Let the beam width be
1000 mm
Ultimate pressure for slab and beam des =

23.41

x 9.81

Depth of beam =
Assume footing depth @ face of beam =
Assume footing depth @ edge =
UDL Load on beam =

300.00

x 5.00

Column C15
1.50

Column C17
2.97

Reaction @ column C15 =


Reaction @ column C17 =

1500 kN / m

4983 kN
2472 kN

Bending moment @ outer face of column C15 of 0.75m dia (i.e. 1.95 - 0.75/2 = 1.575m) @ Sec A
Shear force @ outer face of column C15 of 0.75m dia (i.e. 1.95 - 0.75/2 = 1.575m) @ Sec A=

Bending moment @ Inner face of column C15 towards C17 of 0.75m dia (i.e. 0.75/2 = 0.375m) @
Shear force @ Inner face of column C15 towards C17 of 0.75m dia (i.e. 0.75/2 = 0.375m) @ Sec
Beam design is presented in separate sheet.

Design of Raft Slab : -

Concrete grade :
Steel grade :

20 Mpa
415 Mpa

Cover to bottom :

65 mm

Consider per metre width of slab=


Ku = xu lim/d =
2

R = Mu lim/fck x b x d =
Mu lim =

Negative Bending moment at face of beam for per metre width : M1 =


300
x (2.500 - 1.00 /2)^2

/2

Thickess of slab at face of beam =


Effective depth =

1536

- 65

100

c/c

Ast required =
Provide

16 #

One way shear force is to be checked @ effective depth d from face of beam : V1 @ deff from face of beam i.e.@ =1.43 m from beam centre

Effective depth =

1000

Shear stress v =

( 322

- 65
x 1000 )

0.85 x sqrt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.

Shear strength of concrete c =

Distribution steel : Minimum reinforcement =


Provide

12 #

0.12
@

100

% of total cross section area


c/c

Two way shear check (Punching shear check) : The column C15 can punch through footing only if it shears against the depth of beam along its two opposite edges, an
The critical section for two-way shear is taken at distance db/2 (i.e. 1600 / 2 mm) from face of column and on other side

at a distance half the effective depth of slab i.e. (ds/2 i.e. 380 / 2 mm) on other side. The footing depth @ face of beam

ds/2

1.95

ds/2
db/2

Failure plane for two way shear

C15

db/2

2.97

C/L of footing
5.82

C17

0.9

C17

Dia of column C15 =


Equivalent square for column C15 (b) =
D =
Width of column
b=
db =
1600
- 65
- 1.50

0.75
m
0.665
m
Width of beam
x 20

=
=

ds =

380
- 65
- 0.50
x 16
Area resisting two - way shear =
= 2 x (b x db + ds/2 x ds + ds/2 x ds) + 2 x (D + db) ds

=
=
Design shear = Column load - soil pressure x area at critical section
Area at critical sect = (b + ds/2 + ds/2) x (D + db/2 + db/2)=
Design shear =
Desigh shear stress =

3680
( 2829

- ( 300
x 1000 )

x 2.836 )
/ ( 2.836

=
x 10 ^6 ) =

Permissible punching shear stress = 0.25 x sqrt (fck)

Cost of Raft Slab : Concrete quantity : Quantity of raft slab =


Quantity of raft beam =

1
1

x1
x2

x 5.00
x 5.00

x 4.97
x 1.00

Steel quantity : Raft slab reinforcement:


Nos. of steel in tansverse direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in tansverse direction (Bottom)=

16 #
16 #

@
@

Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =


Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Bot)=

12 #
12 #

@
@

Raft Beam reinforcement:


Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Top) =
Nos. of steel in Longitudinal direction (Bot)=

#REF!
#REF!
16 #

Stirrups: - Outer ring


Inner ring

1
1

x1
x3

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

Outer ring

x1

2 Legs

10 #

Inner ring

x2

2 Legs

10 #

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

Outer ring
Inner ring

1
1

x1
x2

2 Legs
2 Legs

10 #
10 #

10
0.62

12
0.89

Unit weight of steel : Bar Dia (mm)

Unit wt (kg/m)

0.22

0.39

Total quantity =

Individual footing if possible : - (At present, lift dimesion are considered which is availabe, however this dim
Footing size (m)
Depth (m)
Column No. C15
Column No. C16
Column No. C17
Column No. C18
Lift

L (m)
4
2.5
3.8
2.5
4

B (m)
3.7
2.35
1.8
2.35
4.7

D (m)
1.6
0.9
0.8
0.65
0.3

d (m)
0.38
0.23
0.23

362.48
365.24

Section (B x D)
600
450
600
300

T/m2
T/m2
T/m2
m

2
24.850 m

/6

20.708 m

/6

20.584 m

8.499 T

=
=
=

0.0
0.0
0.0

=
=

362.5
-365.2

3
3

-2.8
=
=
=

560.5 T
11.0 T m
6.8 T m

/ 20.6 )

2
23.41 T/m

Revise foundation 1.17


size

/ 20.6 )

2
21.70 T/m

Revise foundation size

2
4.19 T/m

dered similar to inverted slab - beam design.

x 1.50

2
344.55 kN/m

2
300.00 kN/m

(Consider maximum)
=
=
=

1600 mm
1600 mm
380 mm

1500 kN / m

1.00

Column C17
0.927

0.5
1.6
1.54
1.000
0.38
5.00

f 0.75m dia (i.e. 1.95 - 0.75/2 = 1.575m) @ Sec A=


m dia (i.e. 1.95 - 0.75/2 = 1.575m) @ Sec A=

1835 kN m
2292 kN

owards C17 of 0.75m dia (i.e. 0.75/2 = 0.375m) @ Sec B=


s C17 of 0.75m dia (i.e. 0.75/2 = 0.375m) @ Sec B=

1816 kN m
2348 kN

per metre width of slab=


700 / (1100 +0.87 fy)=

1000
mm
0.48

0.36 x fck x ku x (1 - 0.416 ku) =


R x fck x b x d

0.138

5909 KN m

- ( 0.5

1.536 m

1463 mm

1156 mm

width

2011 mm

- 0.927 )

322 kN

x 16 )

in

1000

mm

600 kN m

Safe

ve depth d from face of beam : 300


- ( 0.5
/ ( 1000

x (2.500

- 1.00 / 2

x 16 )

x 927 )

rt(0.8 x fck) x sqrt(1+5-1) / 6 where = 0.8fck/6.89Pt

% of total cross section area


in

1000

mm

width

927 mm

2
0.35 N / mm

2
0.34 N / mm

2
1149 mm

2
1131 mm

depth of beam along its two opposite edges, and along the depth of slab on the remaining two edges.
0 / 2 mm) from face of column and on other side i.e. from face of beam, the critical section will be taken

n other side. The footing depth @ face of beam is 1600mm and @ edge 380mm, consider min i.e. 380mm).

Shear Reinf. Required

Unsafe

1000
1505

mm
mm

307

mm

4123897

mm

4.124

m2

2.836

m2

2829

kN

0.998

N / mm2

1.118

N / mm2

x 0.38
x ( 1.60

Safe

=
=

- 0.38 )

9.44
12.20

m3
m3

21.64

m3

100 c/c
#REF!

in Length
in Length

5.000 m
5.000 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

50 Bar Length =
#REF!
Bar Length =

100 c/c
100 c/c

in Length
in Length

4.970 m
4.970 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

50 Bar Length =
50 Bar Length =

#REF!
#REF!
13 Nos.

Bar Length =
Bar Length =
Bar Length =

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

3.125 m
3.125 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

21 Stirrups Bar Length =


21 Stirrups Bar Length =

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

2.260 m
2.260 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =


16 Stirrups Bar Length =

150 c/c

in Length

2.350 m

Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =

#REF!
#REF!
12.841 m

150 c/c

in Length

2.350 m

Giving total Nos. of

16 Stirrups Bar Length =

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

1.825 m
1.825 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

13 Stirrups Bar Length =


13 Stirrups Bar Length =

150 c/c
150 c/c

in Length
in Length

0.950 m
0.950 m

Giving total Nos. of


Giving total Nos. of

7 Stirrups Bar Length =


7 Stirrups Bar Length =

16
1.58

Concrete =
Steel
=

20
2.47

25
3.85

32
6.17

21.64 m
#REF! kg

Rs/m

86572

Rs.

60

Rs/kg

#REF!
#REF!

Rs.
Rs.

considered which is availabe, however this dimesions are not enough.]


Reinforcement provided
Short direction
16 #
125
12 #
125
12 #
100
12 #
125
12 #
100

4000

Long direction
16 #
150
12 #
125
16 #
100
12 #
125
12 #
100

Concrete

Steel
3

quatity (m ) quatity (kg)


13.38
392
3.33
97
5.472
195
3.98
70
5.64
367

31.8
4000
127208

1121.0
60
67260

194468 Rs.

Pt= 0.14 %

Pt= 0.22 %

119
10.912
2051.674
3
9.443 m
3274 kg
3

71.2 m

Shear Reinf. Required

3
4000 Rs / m
45 Rs / Kg

2052
80.06

5.150 m
5.150 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

406.9 kg
#REF!

12.721 m Giving total wt =


12.721 m Giving total wt =

566.1 kg
566.1 kg

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

#REF!
#REF!
263.8 kg

4.700 m
3.200 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

61.2 kg
125.0 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

46.6 kg
66.5 kg

4.700 m

Giving total wt =

46.6 kg

3.350 m

Giving total wt =

66.5 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

37.9 kg
54.0 kg

4.700 m
3.350 m

Giving total wt =
Giving total wt =

20.4 kg
29.1 kg
#REF!

#REF!