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Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 1
Revision: Preliminary
Issued: June 2005
Data subject to change without notice

Features

Four configuration alternatives for single or


multi-breaker arrangements available ready to
connect

For power transformers, autotransformers, shunt


reactors, T-protection, generator transformer
blocks, and phase shifting transformers

Instantaneous high speed earth fault function


with low transient overreach

Directional earth fault protection with four stages


for each winding
-

Each step can be inverse or definite time


delayed

For two- and three-winding transformers with up


to six stabilized inputs

Each step can be directional or non-directional

For multi- or single-breaker arrangements

Transformer differential protection with:

Each step can be blocked on second harmonic component

All types of communication schemes

Synchrocheck function for single- or multibreaker arrangements:

Waveform and Second harmonic restraint for


transformer inrush

Fifth harmonic restraint for overexcitation

Selectable energizing direction

With Tap changer position compensation


possibility to achieve high sensitivity

Two functions with built-in voltage selection

Percentage bias restraint for through faults

Selectable additional software functions such as


breaker failure protection for each breaker, voltage protection, overexcitation protection, thermal protection, control and monitoring

Tripping from Buchholtz, temperature devices


etc. through binary inputs stabilized against
capacitive discharges

Class 1 accuracy of analogue measurements

Versatile local human-machine interface

Extensive self-supervision with internal event


recorder

High sensitivity for interturn faults

Restricted earth fault protection for all direct or


low impedance earthed windings
-

Extremely fast operation

High sensitivity

High and low impedance based

Full scheme phase-to-phase and phase-to-earth


distance protection with up to five zones:
-

All types of communication schemes

Load encroachment feature

Instantaneous high speed short circuit function


with low transient overreach

Six independent groups of complete setting


parameters

Directional overcurrent protection with four steps


for each winding

Powerful software PC tool for setting, disturbance evaluation and configuration

Built-in data communication modules for station


bus IEC 61850-8-1

Remote end data communication modules for


C37.94 and G.703

Each step can be inverse or definite time


delayed

Each step can be directional or non-directional

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 2

Available functions
ANSI

Function description

2W/1CB
Basic

2W/2CB
Option

Basic

3W/1CB
Option

Basic

3W/2CB
Option

Basic

Option

Transformer differential protection


87T

Transformer differantial protetction, two winding (PDIF)

87T

Transformer differential protection, three winding (PDIF)

87N

Restricted earth fault protection (PDIF)

87N

High impedance differential protection (PDIF)

1
-

2
3

Line distance protection


21

Phase selection and load enchroachment criteria (PDIS)

21

Distance measuring zone, quadrilateral characteristic (PDIS)

Current protection
50

Instantaneous phase overcurrent protection (PIOC)

51/67

Four step phase overcurrent protection (POCM)

61

Instantaneous residual overcurrent protection (PIOC)

67N

Four step residual overcurrent protection (PEFM)

49

Thermal overload protection, 2 time constants (PTTR)

50BF

Breaker failure protection (RBAF)

52PD

Pole-discordance protection, current and/or contact based (RPLD)

2
-

Voltage protection
27

Two step undervoltage protection (PUVM)

59

Two step overvoltage protection (POVM)

59N

Two step residual overvoltage protection (POVM)

24

Overexcitation protection (PVPH)

Frequency protection
81

Underfrequency function (PTUF)

81

Overfrequency function (PTOF)

81

Rate-of-change frequency function (PFRC)

Multipurpose protection
General current and voltage measuring function (PGPF)

Secondary system supervision


Current circuit supervision, current based (RDIF)

Fuse failure supervision (RFUF)

Synchrocheck and energizing check (RSYN)

Control
25

Apparatus control for single bay, max 8 apparatuses incl. interlock- ing (APC30)

Logic
94

Single, two or three pole tipping logic (PTRC)

Trip matrix logic (GGIO)

12

12

12

12

Metering
Pulse counter logic (MMTR)
Station communication
IEC61850

LON

SPA

IEC8705103

Remote communication
Binary signal transfer, BR, BT

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 3

Application

RET670 provides fast and selective protection,


monitoring and control for two- and three-winding
transformers, autotransformers, generator-transformer units, phase shifting transformers, special
railway transformers and shunt reactors. The transformer IED is designed to operate correctly over a
wide frequency range in order to accommodate
power system frequency variations during disturbances and generator start-up and shut-down.
A very fast differential protection function, with
automatic CT ratio matching and vector group
compensation, makes this IED the ideal solution
even for the most demanding applications.
RET670 has very low requirements on the main
CTs, no interposing CTs are required. It is suitable
for differential applications with multi-breaker
arrangements with up to six restraint CT inputs.
The differential protection function is provided
with 2nd harmonic and wave-block restraint features to avoid tripping for magnetizing inrush, and
5th harmonic restraint to avoid tripping for overexcitation.
Differential function has capability to automatically compensate for on-load tap-changer position,
which offers increased sensitivity for low-level
internal faults. RET670's unique and innovative
sensitive differential protection feature, based on
well-known theory of symmetrical components
provide best possible coverage for winding internal turn-to-turn faults.
A low impedance restricted earth-fault protection
function is available as complimentary sensitive
and fast main protection against winding earth
faults. This function includes a directional zerosequence current criterion for additional security.
Alternatively a conventional high impedance differential function is available.
Tripping from Buchholz and temperature devices
can be done through the IED where pulsing, lockout etc. is performed. The binary inputs are heavily

stabilized against disturbance to prevent incorrect


operations at e.g. dc system capacitive discharges.
Distance protection functionality for phase to
phase and/or phase to earth faults is available as
back-up protection for faults within the transformer and in the connected power system.
Versatile phase, earth, positive, negative and zero
sequence overcurrent functions, which can optionally be made directional and/or voltage controlled,
provide further alternative backup protection.
Thermal overload, volts per hertz, over/under voltage and over/under frequency protection functions
are also available.
Built-in disturbance and event recorder provides
valuable data to the user about status and operation
for post-fault disturbance analysis.
Breaker failure protection for each transformer
breaker allow high speed back-up tripping of surrounding breakers.
The IED can also be provided with a full control
and interlocking functionality including Synchrocheck function to allow integration of the main or
a local back-up control.
The advanced logic capability, where user logic is
prepared with a graphical tool, allows special
applications such as automatic opening of disconnectors in multi-breaker arrangements, closing of
breaker rings, load transfer logic etc. The graphical
debug tool ensures simple and fast testing and
commissioning.
Alternatively a high impedance differential function is available. It can be used as restricted earth
fault or, as three functions are included, also as differential protection on autotransformers, as differential protection for a tertiary connected reactor, as
T-differential protection for the transformer feeder
in a mesh-corner or ring arrangement, as tertiary
bus protection etc.

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 4

Single-Breaker RET670, Two-winding transformer


DR
50BF
3I>BF
3I>BF
50/51-1
3I>
51N -1

86/94
I->O
I->O

f</>

87N-1
Ind>

52PD

87T

24

3Id/I>

U/f>

87N-2

59N

Ind>

UN

O4

59

3U>

51N-2

O2

27

50BF
3I>BF
3I>BF

O5

PD

59N
UN

60
FF

81O/81U

3U<

90
VCTR
50/51-2
3I>

86/94

21
Z<
O1

I->O

25/27

SC/VC

59
3U>

Contr
Interl

O3

27
3U<
60
FF

DR

Not in StepOne

en05000272.vsd

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 5

Multi-Breaker alternative Opt1, Two-winding transformer


25/27
50BF
3I>BF

2* SC/VC
86/94
->O
II->O

DR
50BF
3I>BF

?
51N-1

50/51-1
3I>
87N-1
Ind>

O6

O4
O5

59N
UN

59N
UN

59
3U>

51N-2

25/27

O8

52PD
2* PD

50BF
3I>BF

87N-2
Ind>

60
FF

2* f</>

24
U/f>

87T
3Id/I>

O7

81O/81U

O2

27
3U<

90
VCTR
50BF
3I>BF
59
3U>

-2
50/51-2
3I>

86/94
->O
II->O

21
Z<
O1

SC/VC
Contr
Interl

27
3U<

60
FF

DR
Not in StepOne

en05000273.vsd

O3

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 6

Single-Breaker RET670, Three-winding transformer


60
FF
25/27

DR
50BF
3I>BF
50/51-1
3I>
51N-1

86/94
I->O

24
U/f>
81O/81U

87N-1
Ind>

f</>

87T
3Id/I>

52PD
PD

87N-2
Ind>

25/27

90
VCTR
50BF
3I>BF
59
3U>

SC/VC

I
87N-3
INd>

O5

O2

27
3U<
50/51-2
3I>

86/94
I->O

21
Z<
O1

86/94
I->O
Contr
O3
Interl

27
3U<

60
FF

51N-3
O7

59
3U>

51N-2

60
FF

O4

59N
UN

59N
UN

50/51-3
50BF
3I>BF 3I>

O6

SC/VC

DR
Not in StepOne

en05000274.vsd

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 7

Multi-Breaker RET670, Three-winding transformer


60
FF

DR

50BF
3I>BF

?
51N-1

50BF
3I>BF
50/51-1
3I>

25/27

86/94
I->O

24
U/f>
81O/81U

87N-1
Ind>

f</>

87T
3Id/I>

52PD
PD

87N-2
Ind>

25/27

90
VCTR
50BF
3I>BF
59
3U>

50/51-2
3I>

86/94
I->O

O8

87N-3
INd>

O5

O2

21
Z<

O1

86/94
I->O

27
3U<

Contr
Interl

O3

DR
Not in StepOne

Serial data communication is via optical connections to ensure immunity against disturbances.
The wide application flexibility makes this product
an excellent choice for both new installations and
the refurbishment of existing installations.
Four packages has been defined for following
applications:

Functionality

27
3U<

SC/VC

60
FF

51N-3
O7

59
3U>

51N-2

60
FF

O4

59N
UN

59N
UN

50/51-3
50BF
3I>BF 3I>

O6

SC/VC

Two winding transformer in single breaker


arrangements (B2)

Two winding transformer in multi breaker


arrangements (B2)

Three winding transformer in single breaker


arrangements (C2)

Transformer differential
protection
Transformer differential protection (PDIF,
87T)
The RET670 differential function for two winding

en05000275.vsd

Three winding transformer in multi breaker


arrangements (C2)

The packages are configured and set with basic


functions active to allow direct use. Optional functions are not configured but a maximum configuration with all optional functions are available as
template in the graphical configuration tool. An
alternative for Autotransformers is also available
as a configuration template. Interface to analogue
and binary IO are configurable from the setting
tool without need of configuration changes. Analogue and tripping IO has been pre-defined. Other
signals need to be applied as required for each
application.
The applications are shown in below figures for
single resp. multi-breaker arrangement
and three winding transformers is provided with
internal CT ratio matching and vector group compensation, which allows connection directly to star
connected main CTs. Zero sequence current elimination is made internally in the software.

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 8

The function can be provided with up to six three


phase sets of current inputs. All current inputs are
provided with percentage bias restraint features,
making the RET670 suitable for two- or three
winding transformers in multi-breaker station
arrangements.
2-winding applications

2-winding power transformer


xx05000048.vsd

2-winding power transformer with unconnected


delta tertiary winding
xx05000049.vsd

2-winding power transformer with 2 circuit breakers on one side


xx05000050.vsd

2-winding power transformer with 2 circuit breakers and 2 CT-sets on both


sides

xx05000051.vsd

3-winding applications

3-winding power transformer with all three windings connected

lizing feature is included for heavy through-faults.


By introducing the tap changer position, the differential protection pick-up can be set to optimum
sensitivity covering internal faults with low fault
level.
Stabilization is included for inrush currents respectively for overexcitation condition. Adaptive stabilization is also included for system recovery inrush
and CT saturation for external faults. A fast high
set unrestrained differential current protection is
included for very high speed tripping at high internal fault currents.
Innovative sensitive differential protection feature,
based on the theory of symmetrical components,
offers best possible coverage for power transformer windings turn-to-turn faults.
Restricted earth fault protection (PDIF,
87N)
Three low impedance Restricted Earth Fault functions can be included in RET670. The function can
be used on all directly or low impedance earthed
windings. The REF function can provide higher
sensitivity (down to 5%) and higher speed as it
measures individually on each winding and thus
do not need harmonics stabilization.
The low impedance function is a percentage biased
function with an additional zero sequence current
directional comparison criteria. This gives excellent stability for through faults. The function
allows use of different CT ratios and magnetizing
characteristics on the phase and neutral CT cores
and mixing with other functions and protection
IED's on the same cores.

xx05000052.vsd

3-winding power transformer with 2 circuit breakers and 2 CT-sets on one


side

xx05000053.vsd

Autotransformer with 2 circuit breakers and 2 CTsets on 2 out of 3 sides

xx05000058.vsd

Figure 2:

xx05000057.vsd

Figure 1:

CT group arrangement for differential


protection and other protections

The setting facilities cover for applications of the


differential protection to all types of power transformers and autotransformers with or without onload tap-changer as well as for shunt reactor or a
local feeder within the station. An adaptive stabi-

Autotransformer low-impedance
restricted EF

The High impedance function can be used when


the involved CT cores have same turn ratio and
similar magnetizing characteristic. It utilizes an
external summation of the phases and neutral current and a series resistor and a voltage dependent
resistor externally to the relay.
The function should preferable be used on dedicated CT cores. Three functions are available so it
can alternatively be used as differential function
for autotransformers.

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 9

Distance protection
Distance measuring zone, quadrilateral
characteristic (PDIS, 21)
The distance protection is a five zone full scheme
protection with three fault loops for phase to phase
faults and three fault loops for phase to earth fault
for each of the independent zones. Individual settings for each zone resistive and reactive reach
gives flexibility for use as back-up protection for
transformer connected to overhead lines and
cables.
The function has a built in algorithm for load
encroachment which increases the possibility to
detect high resistive faults on heavily loaded lines.
The distance protection zones can operate, independent of each other, in directional (forward or
reverse) or non-directional mode.
Power swing detection (RPSB, 78)
Power swings may occur after disconnection of
heavy loads or trip of big generation plants.

Instantaneous residual overcurrent


protection (PIOC, 51N)
The single input overcurrent function has a low
transient overreach and short tripping times to
allow use as a high set short circuit protection
function, with the reach limited to less than typical
eighty percent of the power transformer at minimum source impedance. The function can be configured to measure the residual current from the
three phase current inputs or the current from a
separate current input.
Time delayed 4-step residual overcurrent
protection (PEFM, 67N)
The four step single input overcurrent function has
an inverse or definite time delay independent for
each step separately.
All IEC and ANSI time delayed characteristics are
available together with an optional user defined
characteristic.
The function can be set to be directional or nondirectional independently for each of the steps.

Power swing detection function is used to detect


power swings and initiate block of selected distance protection zones. Occurrence of earth fault
currents during a power swing can block the power
swing detection function to allow fault clearance.

A second harmonic blocking can be set individually for each step.

Automatic switch onto fault logic (PSOF)


Automatic switch onto fault logic is a function that
gives an instantaneous trip at closing of breaker
onto a fault. A dead line detection check is provided to activate the function when the line is
dead.

Thermal overload protection, 2 time


constants for transformers (PTTR, 49)
If the temperature of a power transformer reaches
too high values the equipment might be damaged.
The insulation within the transformer will have
forced ageing. As a consequence of this the risk of
internal phase to phase or phase to earth faults will
increase. High temperature will degrade the quality of the transformer oil.

Current protection
Instantaneous phase overcurrent
protection (PIOC, 50)
The instantaneous three phase overcurrent function
has a low transient overreach and short tripping
time to allow use as a high set short-circuit protection function, with the reach limited to less than
typical eighty percent of the power transformer at
minimum source impedance.
Time delayed 4-step phase overcurrent
protection (POCM, 51/67))
The four step three phase overcurrent function has
an inverse or definite time delay independent for
each step separately.
All IEC and ANSI time delayed characteristics are
available together with an optional user defined
time characteristic.
The function can be set to be directional or nondirectional independently for each of the steps.

The function can be configured to measure the


residual current from the three phase current inputs
or the current from a separate current input.

The thermal overload protection estimates the


internal heat content of the transformer (temperature) continuously. This estimation is made by
using a thermal model of the transformer with two
time constants, which is based on current measurement.
Two warning levels are available. This enables
actions in the power system to be done before dangerous temperatures are reached. If the temperature continues to increase to the trip value, the
protection initiates trip of the protected transformer.
Breaker failure protection (RBRF, 50BF)
The circuit breaker failure function ensures fast
back-up tripping of surrounding breakers.
A current check with extremely short reset time is
used as a check criteria to achieve a high security
against unnecessary operation.
The unit can be single- or three-phase started to
allow use with single phase tripping applications.
The current criteria can be set to two out of four

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 10

e.g. two phases or one phase plus the residual current to achieve a higher security.
The function can be programmed to give single- or
three phase re-trip of the own breaker to avoid
unnecessary tripping of surrounding breakers at an
incorrect starting due to mistakes during testing.
Pole-discordance protection, current and/
or contact based (RPLD, 52PD)
Single pole operated circuit breakers can due to
electrical or mechanical failures end up with the
different poles in different positions (close-open).
This can cause negative and zero sequence currents which gives thermal stress on rotating
machines and can cause unwanted operation of
zero sequence current functions.

Two step time delayed residual


overvoltage protection (POVM, 59N)
Neutral point voltages will occur in the power system during earth faults.
The function can be configured to measure the
residual voltage from the three phase voltage
transformers or from a single phase voltage input
fed from an open delta or neutral point voltage
transformer.
The function has two voltage levels, each level is
inverse or definite time delayed.
Overexcitation protection (PVPH, 24)
Overexcitation will occur as a result of high voltage or low frequency or a combination of the two.

Normally the own breaker is tripped to correct the


positions. If the situation consists the remote end
can be intertripped to clear the unsymmetrical load
situation.

Overexcitation function is normally used in vicinity of power stations where system can have low
frequencies or high voltages during e.g. islanding
situations or start-up.

The pole discordance function operates based on


information from auxiliary contacts of the circuit
breaker for the three phases with additional criteria
from unsymetrical phase current when required.

The function is provided with IEEE standard


inverse curves and have also possibility to set a
user defined characteristic when the transformer
overexcitation capability curves are available.

Voltage protection

The function has also an alarm level for early


warnings.
The function shall be connected to transformer
windings without any tap changer.

Two step time delayed undervoltage


protection (PUVM, 27)
Undervoltages can occur in the power system during faults or abnormal conditions. The function
can be used to open circuit breakers to prepare for
system restoration at power outages or as longtime delayed back-up to primary protection. It can
also be used as system voltage supervision, normally then only giving alarm or it can switch off
reactors or switch in capacitor banks to control the
voltage.

The overexcitation function measures the U/f ratio


which gives a measure of the magnetic flux in
transformers and generators.

The function has two voltage levels, each level is


inverse or definite time delayed.

Frequency protection

Two step time delayed overvoltage


protection (POVM, 59)
Overvoltages will occur in the power system during abnormal conditions such as sudden power
loss, tap changer regulating failures, open line
ends on long lines.
The function can be used as open line end detector,
normally then combined with capacitive current
measuring function or as system voltage supervision, normally then giving alarm only or switching
in reactors or switch out capacitor banks to control
the voltage.
The function has two voltage levels, each level is
inverse or definite time delayed.
The overvoltage function has an extremely high
reset ratio to allow setting close to system service
voltage.

The function can measure on the positive sequence


voltage or a phase to phase voltage. The voltage
has also a voltage drop function where the load
current voltage drop is compensated for to get a
fully true flux measurement.

Underfrequency protection (PTUF, 81)


Underfrequency occurs as a result of lack of generation in the network.
The function can be used for load shedding systems, remedial action schemes, gas turbine start-up
etc.
The function is provided with an undervoltage
blocking. The operation may be based on single
phase, phase-to-phase or positive sequence voltage
measurement.
Up to six independent frequency steps are available.
Overfrequency protection (PTOF, 81)
Overfrequency will occur at sudden load drops or
multi-phase faults in the power network. In some

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 11

cases close to generating part governor problems


can also cause overfrequency.
The function can be used for generation shedding,
remedial action schemes etc. It can also be used as
a sub-nominal frequency stage initiating load
restoring.
The function is provided with an undervoltage
blocking. The operation may be based on single
phase, phase-to-phase or positive sequence voltage
measurement.
Up to six independent frequency steps are available.

The general function suits applications with underimpedance and voltage controlled overcurrent
solutions. The general function can also be utilized
for generator transformer protection applications
where positive, negative or zero sequence components of current and voltage quantities is typically
required.
Additionally generator applications such as loss of
field, inadvertent energizing, stator or rotor overload, circuit breaker head flash-over and open
phase detection are just a few of possible protection arrangements with these functions.

Secondary system supervision


Rate-of-change frequency function (PFRC,
81)
Rate of change of frequency function gives an
early indication of a main disturbance in the system.
The function can be used for generation shedding,
load shedding, remedial action schemes etc.
The function is provided with an undervoltage
blocking. The operation may be based on single
phase, phase-to-phase or positive sequence voltage
measurement.
Each step can discriminate between positive or
negative change of frequency.
Up to six independent rate-of-change frequency
steps are available.

Current circuit supervision, current based


(RDIF)
Open or short circuited current transformer cores
can cause unwanted operation of many protection
functions such as differential, earth fault current
and negative sequence current functions.
It must be remembered that a blocking of protection functions at an occurring open CT circuit will
mean that the situation will remain and extremely
high voltages will stress the secondary circuit.
The current circuit supervision function compares
the residual current from a three phase set of current transformer cores with the neutral point current on a separate input taken from another set of
cores on the same current transformer.

Multipurpose protection

A detection of a difference indicates a fault in the


circuit and is used as alarm or to block protection
functions expected to give unwanted tripping.

General current and voltage measuring


function (PGPF, 21, 51, 27, 59, 46)
Several multipurpose general protection function
can be included. Each of them can be configured to
any side of the protected object. The protection
module is recommended as a general backup protection with many possible application areas due to
its flexible measuring and setting facilities.

Fuse failure supervision (RFUF, 60)


Failures in the secondary circuits of the voltage
transformer can cause unwanted operation of distance protection, undervoltage protection, neutral
point voltage protection, energizing function (synchrocheck) etc. The fuse failure supervision function prevents such unwanted operations.

The built-in overcurrent protection feature has two


settable current levels. Both of them can be used
either with definite time or inverse time characteristic. The overcurrent protection stages can be
made directional with selectable voltage polarizing
quantity. Additionally they can be voltage and/or
current controlled/restrained. 2nd harmonic
restraining facility is available as well. At too low
polarizing voltage the overcurrent feature can be
either blocked, made non directional or ordered to
use voltage memory in accordance with a parameter setting.
Additionally two overvoltage and two undervoltage stages, either with definite time or inverse time
characteristic, are available within each function.

There are three methods to detect fuse failures.


The method based on detection of zero sequence
voltage without any zero sequence current. This is
a useful principle in a directly earthed system and
can detect one or two phase fuse failures.
The method based on detection of negative
sequence voltage without any negative sequence
current. This is a useful principle in a non-directly
earthed system and can detect one or two phase
fuse failures.
The method based on detection of du/dt-di/dt
where a change of the voltage is compared to a
change in the current. Only voltage changes means
a voltage transformer fault. This principle can
detect one, two or three phase fuse failures.

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 12

Control

The trip function block includes functionality for


evolving faults and breaker lock-out.

Synchrocheck and energizing check


(RSYN, 25)
The synchrocheck function checks that the voltages on both sides of the circuit breaker are in synchronism, or with at least one side dead to ensure
that closing can be done safely.

Trip matrix logic (GGIO, 94X)


Twelve trip matrix logic blocks are included in the
IED. The function blocks are used in the configuration of the IED to route trip signals and/or other
logical output signals to the different output relays.

The function includes a built-in voltage selection


scheme for double bus and one- and a half or ring
busbar arrangements.

The matrix and the physical outputs will be seen in


the PCM600 engineering tool and this allows the
user to adapt the signals to the physical tripping
outputs according to the specific application needs.

Manual closing as well as automatic reclosing can


be checked by the function and can have different
settings, e.g. the allowed frequency difference can
be set to allow wider limits for the auto-reclose
attempt than for the manual closing.
Apparatus control
The apparatus control is a function for control and
supervision of circuit breakers, disconnectors and
earthing switches within a bay. Permission to operate is given after evaluation of conditions from
other functions such as interlocking, synchrocheck, operator place selection and external or
internal blockings.
Interlocking
The interlocking function blocks the possibility to
operate primary switching devices, for instance
when a disconnector is under load, in order to prevent material damage and/or accidental human
injury.
Each apparatus control function has interlocking
modules included for different switchyard arrangements, where each function handles interlocking of
one bay. The interlocking function is distributed to
each IED and is not dependent on any central function. For the station-wide interlocking, the IEDs
communicate via the system-wide interbay bus
(IEC 61850-8-1) or by using hard wired binary
inputs/outputs. The interlocking conditions depend
on the circuit configuration and apparatus position
status at any given time.
For easy and safe implementation of the interlocking function, the IED is delivered with standardized and tested software interlocking modules
containing logic for the interlocking conditions.
The interlocking conditions can be altered, to meet
the customers specific requirements, by adding
configurable logic by means of the graphical configuration tool.

Logic
Tripping logic (PTRC, 94)
A function block for protection tripping is provided for each circuit breaker involved in the tripping of the fault. It provides the pulse prolongation
to ensure a trip pulse of sufficient length, as well as
all functionality necessary for correct co-operation
with autoreclosing functions.

Event counter (MCNT)


The function consists of six counters which are
used for storing the number of times each counter
has been activated. It is also provided with a common blocking function for all six counters, to be
used for example at testing. Every counter can separately be set on or off by a parameter setting.
Configurable logic blocks
A high number of logic blocks and timers are
available for user to adapt the configuration to the
specific application needs.

Monitoring
Service Value Reading U, I, f, P, Q, S, power
factor (MMXU)
The service value function is used to get on-line
information from the IED. These service values
makes it possible to display on-line information on
the local HMI about:

measured voltages, currents, frequency, active,


reactive and apparent power and power factor,

the primary and secondary phasors,

differential currents, bias current,

symmetrical sequence current and voltage,

mA,

pulse counters,

measured values and other information of the


different parameters for included functions,

logical values of all binary in- and outputs and

general IED information.

Supervision of mA input signals


The main purpose of the function is to measure
and process signals from different measuring
transducers. Many devices used in process control
represent various parameters such as frequency,
temperature and DC battery voltage as low current
values, usually in the range 4-20 mA or 0-20 mA.
Alarm limits can be set and used as triggers, e.g. to
generate trip or alarm signals.
The function requires that the IED is equipped
with the mA input module.

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Double indication
Double indications normally represent the open or
closed position for disconnectors or circuit breakers in a Substation Automation system. These double indications, including different states, are via
the event function sent at change or cyclically as
events from the IED to the station level. The function is fed from auxiliary contacts for open and
closed positions. The function includes mid-point
suppression to avoid unnecessary alarms during
primary apparatuses travel.
Disturbance report (RDRE)
Complete and reliable information about disturbances in the primary and/or in the secondary system together with continuous event-logging is
accomplished by the disturbance report function.
The disturbance report, always included in the
IED, acquires sampled data of all selected analogue input and binary signals connected to the
function block i.e. maximum 40 analogue and 96
binary signals.
The disturbance report function is a common name
for several functions:

Event List (EL)

Indications (IND)

Event recorder (ER)

Trip Value recorder (TVR)

Disturbance recorder (DR)

The function is characterized by great flexibility


regarding configuration, starting conditions,
recording times and large storage capacity.
A disturbance is defined as an activation of an
input in the DRAx or DRBy function blocks which
is set to trigger the disturbance recorder. All signals from start of pre-fault time to the end of postfault time will be included in the recording.
Every disturbance report recording is saved in the
IED. The same applies to all events, which are
continuously saved in a ring-buffer. The Local
Human Machine Interface (LHMI) is used to get
information about the recordings, but the disturbance report files may be uploaded to the
PCM 600 (Protection and Control IED 600 Manager) and further analysis using the disturbance
handling tool.

Indications (RDRE)
To get fast, condensed and reliable information
about disturbances in the primary and/or in the
secondary system is important e.g. binary signals
that have changed status during a disturbance. This
information is used in the short perspective to get
information via the LHMI in a straightforward
way.
There are three LED's on the LHMI (green, yellow
and red), which will display status information
about the IED and the Disturbance Report function
(trigged).
The Indication list function shows all selected
binary input signals connected to the Disturbance
Report function that have changed status during a
disturbance.
Event recorder (RDRE)
Quick, complete and reliable information about
disturbances in the primary and/or in the secondary system is vital e.g. time tagged events logged
during disturbances. This information is used for
different purposes in the short term (e.g. corrective
actions) and in the long term (e.g. Functional
Analysis).
The event recorder logs all selected binary input
signals connected to the Disturbance Report function. Each recording can contain up to 150 timetagged events.
The event recorder information is available for the
last ten disturbances locally in the IED.
Trip value recorder (RDRE)
Information about the pre-fault and fault values for
currents and voltages are vital for the disturbance
evaluation.
The Trip value recorder calculates the values of all
selected analogue input signals connected to the
Disturbance report function. The result is magnitude and phase angle before and during the fault
for each analogue input signal.
The trip value recorder information is available for
the last ten disturbances locally in the IED.

Event list (RDRE)


Continuous event-logging is useful for monitoring
of the system from an overview perspective and is
a complement to specific disturbance recorder
functions.

Disturbance recorder (RDRE)


The Disturbance Recorder function supplies fast,
complete and reliable information about disturbances in the power system. It facilitates understanding system behaviour and related primary and
secondary equipment during and after a disturbance. Recorded information is used for different
purposes in the short perspective (e.g. corrective
actions) and long perspective (e.g. Functional
Analysis).

The event list logs all selected binary input signals


connected to the Disturbance report function. The
list may contain of up to 1000 time-tagged events
stored in a ring-buffer.

The Disturbance Recorder acquires sampled data


from all selected analogue input and binary signals
connected to the Disturbance Report function
(maximum 40 analogue and 96 binary signals).

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The binary signals are the same signals as available under the event recorder function.
The function is characterized by great flexibility
and is not dependent on the operation of protection
functions. It can record disturbances not detected
by protection functions.
The disturbance recorder information for the last
100 disturbances are saved in the IED and the
Local Human Machine Interface (LHMI) is used
to view the list of recordings.

Metering
Pulse counter logic (MMTR)
The pulse counter logic function counts externally
generated binary pulses, for instance pulses coming from an external energy meter, for calculation
of energy consumption values. The pulses are captured by the binary input module and then read by
the pulse counter function. A scaled service value
is available over the station bus.

Figure 3:

Small graphic HMI

Figure 4:

Medium graphic HMI, 15 controllable


objects

Human machine interface


The local human machine interface is available in
a small, and a medium sized model. The principle
difference between the two is the size of the LCD.
The small size LCD has a four lines and the
medium size LCD can display the single line diagram with up to 15 objects.
The local human-machine interface is simple and
easy to understand the whole front plate is
divided into zones, each of them with a welldefined functionality:

Status indication LEDs

Alarm indication LEDs which consists of 15


yellow LEDs with user printable sticker. All
LEDs are configurable from the PCM600 tool.

Liquid crystal display (LCD).

Keypad with push buttons for control and navigation purposes, switch for selection between
local and remote control, reset and an isolated
RJ-45 communication port.

Station communication
IEC 61850-8 communication protocol
Each IED is provided with communication interface for connection to substation level equipment.
IEC 61850-8-1 allows two or more intelligent
electronic devices (IEDs) from one or several vendors to exchange information.
Single command, 16 signals
The IEDs can receive commands either from a
substation automation system or from the local
human-machine interface, HMI. The command
function block has outputs that can be used, for
example, to control high voltage apparatuses or for
other user defined functionality.

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Remote communication
Binary signal transfer to remote end,
32 signals
Each of the six binary signal transfer function
blocks can be used for sending and receiving of 32
communication scheme related signals, transfer
trip and/or other binary signals between local and/
or remote IEDs. An IED can communicate with up
to four IEDs by means of the data communication
module (LDCM).

Hardware
description

Hardware modules
Power supply module (PSM)
The power supply module is used to provide the
correct internal voltages and full isolation between
the terminal and the battery system. An internal
fail alarm output is available.
Binary input modules (BIM)
The binary input module has 16 optically isolated
inputs and is available in two versions, one standard and one with enhanced pulse counting inputs
to be used with the pulse counter function.
Binary output modules (BOM)
The binary output module has 24 independent output relays and is used for trip output or any signalling purpose.
Input/output module (IOM)
The binary input/output module is used when only
a few input and output channels are needed. The
ten standard output channels are used for trip output or any signalling purpose. The two high speed
signal output channels are used for applications
where short operating time is essential. Eight optically isolated binary inputs cater for required
binary input information.
mA input module (MIM)
The milli-ampere input module is used to interface
transducer signals in the 0-20 mA range from for
example OLTC position, temperature or pressure
transducers.The module has six independent, galvanically separated channels.

Line differential communication module,


short range
The line differential communication module
(LDCM) is used for communication between the
IEDs or from the IED to optical to electrical converter with G.703 interface located on a distances
<3 km away. The LDCM module sends and
receives data, to and from another LDCM module.
The IEEE/ANSI C37.94 standard format is used.
Galvanic interface G.703
The external galvanic data communication converter G.703 makes an optical-to-galvanic conversion for connection to a multiplexer. These
modules are designed for 64 kbit/s operation.
Analogue input module (TRM)
The analog input module is used to galvanically
separate and transform the secondary currents and
voltages generated by the measuring transformers.
The module has twelve inputs, of which six are
always current inputs. The remaining six can be
current or voltage or three current plus three voltage inputs.
Optical ethernet module (OEM)
The optical fast-ethernet module is used to connect
an IED to the communication buses (like the station bus) that use the IEC 61850-8-1 protocol. The
module has one or two optical ports with ST connectors.
Line differential communication module
(LDCM)
The line differential communication module is
used for binary signal transfer. The module has one
optical port with ST connectors.
GPS time synchronization module (GSM)
This module includes the GPS receiver used for
time synchronization. The GPS has one SMA contact for connection to an antenna.
High impedance resistor unit
The high impedance resistor unit, with resistors for
pick-up value setting and a voltage dependent
resistor, is available in a single phase unit and a
three phase unit. Both are mounted on a 1/1 19
inch apparatus plate with compression type termnals.

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Layout and dimensions


Dimensions

E
A

C
D

xx05000003.vsd
xx05000004.vsd

Figure 5:

1/2 x 19 case with rear cover

Figure 6:

Side-by-side mounting

Case size

6U, 1/2 x 19

265.9

223.7

201.1

242.1

252.9

205.7

6U, 1/1 x 19

265.9

448.1

201.1

242.1

252.9

430.3
(mm)

Mounting alternatives
Following mounting alternatives (IP40 protection
from the front) are available:

19 rack mounting kit

Flush mounting kit with cut-out dimensions:


-

1/1 case size (h) 254.3 mm (w) 434.7mm

1/2 case size (h) 254.3 mm (w) 210.1 mm

Wall mounting kit

See ordering for details about available mounting


alternatives.

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Connection
diagrams

Table 1:

Designations for 1/2 x 19 casing with 1 TRM slot

Module

Rear Positions

PSM

X11

BIM, BOM or IOM X31 and X32 etc. to X51 and X52

Table 2:

Table 3:

MIM

X31, X41 or X51

GSM

X51

OEM

X301:A, B, C, D

LDCM

X302:A, B

LDCM

X304:A, B

LDCM

X312:A, B

LDCM

X314:A, B

TRM

X401

Designations for 1/1 x 19 casing with 1 TRM slot


Module

Rear Positions

PSM

X11

BIM, BOM or IOM

X31 and X32 etc. to X161 and X162

MIM

X31, X41, etc. or X161

GSM

X161

OEM

X301:A, B, C, D

LDCM

X302:A, B

LDCM

X304:A, B

LDCM

X312:A, B

LDCM

X314:A, B

TRM

X401

Designations for 1/1 x 19 casing with 2 TRM slots


Module

Rear Positions

PSM

X11

BIM, BOM or IOM

X31 and X32 etc. to X131 and X132

MIM

X31, X41, etc. or X131

GSM

X131

OEM

X301:A, B, C, D

LDCM

X302:A, B

LDCM

X304:A, B

LDCM

X312:A, B

LDCM

X314:A, B

TRM

X401

TRM

X411

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Figure 9:

Figure 8:

Transformer input
module (TRM)

Power supply module (PSM)

Figure 10: GPS time synchronization module


(GSM)

Notes to figure 7:
1) Rear communicaton port IEC 61850, ST-connector
2) Rear communicaton port C37.94, ST-connector

Figure 7:

Communication interfaces
(OEM, LDCM and HMI)

3) Front communication port Ethernet, RJ45 connector

Figure 11: Binary output module (BOM). Output contacts named XA corresponds to Figure 12: Binary input module (BIM). Input contacts named XA corresponds to rear
rear position X31, X41, etc. and output contacts named XB to rear position
position X31, X41, etc. and input conX32, X42, etc.
tacts named XB to rear position X32,
X42, etc.

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Figure 14: mA input module (MIM)

Figure 13: Binary in/out module (IOM). Input contacts named


XA corresponds to rear position X31, X41, etc. and
output contacts named XB to rear position X32, X42,
etc.

X1
1

R2
1

R1
2

3
4

X1

X1

R1
1

1
5

4
R2

3
1
xx5293014-F.eps

Figure 15: High impedance resistor unit 1ph with resistor and voltage dependent resistor

4
R3

5
1

R4

11
1

R5

12
1

R6

13
1

14

xx5293016-N.eps

Figure 16: High impedance resistor unit 3 ph


with resistor and voltage dependent
resistor

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RET670 2 Winding/Single Breaker


BBP-TRIP

Diagram 1MRK000xx
Configuration 1MRK000xy
QB1-OPEN
QB1-CL

Protection
Functions
DR

BLOCK LW 3I>
BBP STEP

BUS A
BUS B

QB2-OPEN
QB2-CL

ST BFP 3PH

-QB1

-QB2

50/51-1
3I>

BUCH TRIP
SUDDEN P

87N-1
Ind>

OT TRIP

3Id/I>

WT TRIP

87N-2
Ind>

OT WARN

-QA1

59N
UN

WT WARN

C
C

TRIP QA1
TRIP Reinf

T
C

MAIN 2 TRIP

T
C

QA1-OPEN
QA1-CL

51N-2

OIL LOW

CLOSE QA1
CLOSE Reinf

QA1-SPR UNCH
90
VCTR
50/51- 2
3I>

GAS ALARM

-BI1

P1

AIM1:1-3
59
3U>

TO MAIN 2 RELAY

27
3U<

FAULT
SIGNALLING

TO BUS PROT
51N-1

I
25/27
SC/VC

AIM1:7

86/94
I->O
81O/81U

=
MIM1:1

TC IN AUTO

52PD
PD

TC IN LOC.

24
U/f>

TC RAISE
TC LOWER

59N
UN

TAP POS

-N.BI1

f</>

TC IN MAN

-T1

-N.BI1

AIM1:8
MCB OR
FUSE

AIM1:11-12

-BU1

MCB-OK
59
3U>

HV BUSBAR TRIP

TO BUS PROT

27
3U<

MV BUSBAR TRIP

TO MAIN 2 RELAY

21

MAN SC OK

-BI1

Z<

AIM1:4-6
Contr
Interl

P1

QA1-OPEN
QA1-CL

-QA1

SPR UNCH
CLOSE QA1

1 AIM 9I+3U
2-BIM
1-BOM
1-MIM

C
C

CLOSE Reinf
TRIP QA1

T
C
T
C

TRIP Reinf
AIM1:10
MCB OK

-BU1

IRF
- +
en05000262.vsd

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Page 21

BUS A

RET670 2 Winding/Double Breaker


Diagram 1MRK000xx
Configuration 1MRK000xy
QB1-OPEN
Protection
QB1-CL
Functions
3Id/I>
QB6-OPEN
2*INd>
QB6-CL
2*3I>
2*IN>
3*3I>BF
AIM1:4-6
3U>
UN>
3U<
SC/VC
2*FF
2*I->O
DR

BBP-TRIP

BLOCK LW 3I>
BBP STEP
ST BFP 3PH
BUCH TRIP
SUDDEN P
OT TRIP
WT TRIP

=1-QA1-OPEN

OT WARN
=2-Q0-CL

OIL LOW

-QB62
-BI1
-QA1
CLOSE QA1
CLOSE Reinf

C
C

TRIP QA1
TRIP Reinf
MAIN 2 TRIP

T
C

=1-QA1-CL

=2-Q0-OPEN

WT WARN

-QB1

TO MAIN 2

T
C

=1-QA1-SPR UNCH

=2-Q0-SPR UNCH

-BI1

GAS ALARM

AIM1:1-3

P1

-QA1

CLOSE QA1

C
C

CLOSE Reinf TO MAIN 2


TRIP QA1
TRIP Reinf

FAULT
SIGNALLING

QB6-OPEN
QB6-CL
QB61-OPEN
QB61-CL

T
C

MAIN 2 TRIP

TO BB PROT

-QB61

-QB6

QB9-OPEN
QB9-CL

-QB9
O

AIM2:4

-T1

W
=

MIM1:1

TAP POS

TC IN MAN
AIM2:5

TC IN AUTO
TC IN LOC.

AIM1:10-12

TC RAISE
TC LOWER

MCB OR
FUSE

-BU1

MCB-OK
TO BUS PROT

-BI1

HV BUSBAR TRIP
MV BUSBAR TRIP

TO MAIN 2 RELAY

MAN SC OK

TRIP Reinf

AIM2:1-3
P1

QA1-OPEN
QA1-CL

-QA1

SPR UNCH
1-AIM 9I+3U
1-AIM 6I+6U
3-BIM
2-BOM
1-MIM

BBP-TRIP

CLOSE QA1
CLOSE Reinf

C
C

TRIP QA1
TRIP Reinf

T
C
T
C

AIM2:10
MCB OK

-BU1

IRF
-

T
C

+
en05000263.vsd

P1

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Page 22

BUS A

RET670 3-Winding/Single Breaker

BUS B

Diagram 1MRK000xx
Configuration 1MRK000xy
QB1-OPEN
QB1-CL

BBP-TRIP
ST BFP
3PH
BLOCK TW 3I>
BBP STEP

Protection
Functions
3Id/I>
2*INd>
3*3I>
2*IN>
3*3I>BF
3U>
UN>
3U<
SC/VC
2*FF
3*I->O
DR

BUCH TRIP
SUDDEN P
OT TRIP
WT TRIP
OT WARN
WT WARN
OIL LOW

QB2-OPEN
QB2-CL

-QB1

-QB2
-QA1

CLOSE QA1
CLOSE Reinf

C
C

TRIP QA1
TRIP Reinf
MAIN 2 TRIP

T
C
T
C

QA1-OPEN
QA1-CL
QA1-SPR UNCH

GAS ALARM

-BI1

P1

AIM1:1-3
QA1-OPEN
QA1-CL

TO MAIN 2 RELAY

FAULT
SIGNALLING

SPR UNCH

TO BUS PROT

CLOSE QA1
CLOSE Reinf
TRIP QA1
TRIP Reinf

O
W

AIM1:7
MIM1:1

TAP POS

TC IN MAN
AIM1:8

TC IN AUTO
TC IN LOC.

AIM2:7-9

TC RAISE
TC LOWER

MCB OR
FUSE

-BU1

MCB-OK

-BI1

-BI1
TO BUS PROT

HV BUSBAR TRIP
AIM2:4-6

MV BUSBAR TRIP

-QA1

TO MAIN 2 RELAY

P1

MAN SC OK
C
C

AIM2:1-3
P1

QA1-OPEN
QA1-CL

-QA1

SPR UNCH
1-AIM 9I+3U
1-AIM 6I+6U
2-BIM
2-BOM
1-MIM

T
C
T
C

CLOSE QA1
CLOSE Reinf

C
C

TRIP QA1
TRIP Reinf

T
C
T
C

AIM1:11

-BU1
MCB OK
AIM1:12
IRF
- +

-BU1
Res. for Bus 2
VT
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Page 23

RET670 3-Winding/Double Breaker


BBP-TRIP

Protection
Functions
3Id/I>
2*INd>
3*3I>
2*IN>
4*3I>BF
3U>
UN>
3U<
SC/VC
2*FF
4*I->O
DR

BLOCK TW 3I>
BBP STEP
ST BFP 3PH
BUCH TRIP
SUDDEN P
OT TRIP
WT TRIP
OT WARN

=2-Q0-OPEN
=2-Q0-CL

WT WARN

BUS A

Diagram 1MRK000xx
Configuration 1MRK000xy
QB1-OPEN
QB1-CL

-QB1

QB62-OPEN
QB62-CL

-QB62
-BI1

P1

AIM1:4-36

-QA1
CLOSE QA1

=1-Q0-OPEN
=1-Q0-CL

TO MAIN 2

C
C

CLOSE Reinf
TRIP QA1
TRIP Reinf
MAIN 2 TRIP

T
C
T
C

=1-Q0-SPR UNCH

=2-Q0-SPR UNCH

OIL LOW

TO SECOND BAY

-BI1
AIM1:1-3

GAS ALARM

P1

-QA1

CLOSE QA1
CLOSE Reinf
TRIP QA1
TRIP Reinf

FAULT
SIGNALLING

QB6-OPEN
QB6-CL

C
C

TO MAIN 2
T
C

MAIN 2 TRIP

TO BB PROT

-QB6

QB61-OPEN
QB61-CL
Q9-OPEN
Q9-CL

T
C

-QB61
-Q9
-T1

AIM1:7

TAP POS

TC IN MAN
AIM1:8

TC IN AUTO
TC IN LOC.

MCB-OK

MCB OR
FUSE

TC RAISE
TC LOWER

-BU1
AIM2:7-9

-BI1
TO BUS PROT

HV BUSBAR TRIP

-BI1

AIM2:4-6

MV BUSBAR TRIP

TRIP QA1
TRIP Reinf
QA1-OPEN
QA1-CL
SPR UNCH

P1

C
C

AIM2:1-3
P1
QA1-OPEN
QA1-CL

T
C
T
C

-QA1

SPR UNCH
CLOSE QA1

1-AIM 9I+3U
1-AIM 6I+6U
3-BIM
2-BOM
1-MIM

-QA1

TO MAIN 2 RELAY

CLOSE QA1
CLOSE Reinf

MAN SC OK

C
C

CLOSE Reinf
TRIP QA1

T
C

TRIP Reinf
T
C

AIM1:11

-BU1
MCB OK
AIM1:12
IRF
-

-BU1
Res. for Bus 2
VT
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Page 24

Technical data

Energizing quantities, rated values and limits


Analog inputs
Table 4:
Quantity:

MIM - mA input module


Rated value:

Nominal range:

Input range

5, 10, 20mA

10%

Input resistance

Rin = 194 Ohm

0-5, 0-10, 0-20, 4-20mA


-

Power consumption
each mA-board

4W

each mA input

0.1 W

Table 5:
Quantity

TRM - Energizing quantities, rated values and limits


Rated value

Current

Ir = 1 or 5 A

Operative range

(0.004-100) x Ir

Nominal range

(0.2-30) Ir

4 Ir cont.

Permissive overload

100 Ir for 1 s *)
Burden

< 0.15 VA at Ir = 1 or 5 A

Ac voltage for the terminal

Ur = 110 V/120 V

100/110/115/120 V
200/220/230/240 V

Operative range

(0.001-1.5) x Ur
2.3 Ur phase-earth, cont.

Permissive overload

3.0 x Ur phase-earth, for 1 s


Burden

< 0.2 VA at 220 V


< 0.1 VA at 110 V

Frequency
*)

fr = 50/60 Hz

+/-10%

max. 350 A for 1 s when COMBITEST test switch is included.

Auxiliary DC voltage
Table 6:
Quantity

PSM - Power supply module


Rated value

Auxiliary dc voltage, EL (input)

Nominal range

EL = (24 - 60) V

20%

EL = (90 - 250) V

20%

Power consumption

40 W for basic IED

Auxiliary DC power in-rush

< 30 A 0.1 ms at 220 V DC

< 15 A 0.1 ms at 110 V DC


< 15 A 0.1 ms at 48 V DC
< 10 A 0.1 ms at 24 V DC

Binary inputs and outputs


Table 7:
Binary I/O connection system
Connector type
Rated voltage
Maximum square
area

Screw compression.

250 V AC

2.5 mm2

Maximum load continuous

Maximum load 1 s

10 A

30 A

2 1 mm2
Table 8:
BOM - contact data (reference standard: IEC 60255-23)
Function or quantity
Trip and Signal relays

Binary outputs

24

Max system voltage

250 V AC, DC

Test voltage across open contact, 1 min

1000 V rms

Current carrying capacity


Continuous

8A

1s

10 A

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Making capacity at inductive load with L/R>10 ms


0.2 s
1.0 s

30 A
10 A

Breaking capacity for AC, cos >0.4

250 V/8.0 A

Breaking capacity for DC with L/R < 40 ms

48 V/1 A
110 V/0.4 A
220 V/0.2 A
250 V/0.15 A

Table 9:
Quantity

BOM - Binary output module


Rated value

Nominal range

Power consumption
each output module

1.0 W

each output relay

0.25 W

Table 10:
IOM - contact data (reference standard: IEC 60255-23)
Function or quantity
Trip and Signal relays

Fast signal relays (parallel reed relay)

Binary outputs

10

Max system voltage

250 V AC, DC

250 V AC, DC

Test voltage across open contact, 1 min 1000 V rms

800 V DC

Current carrying capacity


Continuous

8A

8A

1s

10 A

10 A

0.2 s

30 A

0.4 A

1.0 s

10 A

0.4 A

Breaking capacity for AC, cos >0.4

250 V/8.0 A

250 V/8.0 A

Making capacity at inductive loadwith L/


R>10 ms

Breaking capacity for DC with L/R < 40 48 V/1 A


ms
110 V/0.4 A

Maximum capacitive load


Table 11:
Quantity

48 V/1 A
110 V/0.4 A

220 V/0.2 A

220 V/0.2 A

250 V/0.15 A

250 V/0.15 A

10 nF

IOM - Binary input/output module


Rated value

Nominal range

Binary inputs

DC voltage, RL

RL24 = (24/40) V

20%

RL48 = (48/60) V

20%

RL110 = (110/125) V

20%

RL220 = (220/250) V

20%

Power consumption
each I/O-module

1.0 W

each output relay

0.15 W

Power dissipation
RL24 = (24/40) V

max. 0.05/W input

RL48 = (48/60) V

max. 0.1/W input

RL110 = (110/125) V

max. 0.2/W input

RL220 = (220/250) V

max. 0.4/W input

Table 12:
Quantity

BIM - Binary input module with inhanced pulse counting capabilities


Rated value
Nominal range

Binary inputs

16

DC voltage, RL

RL24 (24/40) V

20%

RL48 (48/60) V

20%

RL110 (110/125) V

20%

RL220 (220/250) V

20%

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Power consumption

0.5 W

each input-module
Power dissipation
RL24 = (24/40) V

max. 0.05 W/input

RL48 = (48/60) V

max. 0.1 W/input

RL110 = (110/125) V

max. 0.2 W/input

RL220 = (220/250) V

max. 0.4 W/input

Counter input frequency

10 pulses/s max

Balanced counter input frequency

40 pulses/s max

Debounce frequency

5 Hz

Oscillating signal discriminator

Blocking settable 140 Hz


Release settable 130 Hz

Table 13:
Quantity

BIM - Binary input module


Rated value

Binary inputs
DC voltage, RL

Nominal range

16

RL24 (24/40) V

20%

RL48 (48/60) V

20%

RL110 (110/125) V

20%
20%

RL220 (220/250) V
Power consumption

0.5 W

each input-module
Power dissipation
RL24 = (24/40) V

max. 0.05 W/input

RL48 = (48/60) V

max. 0.1 W/input

RL110 = (110/125) V

max. 0.2 W/input

RL220 = (220/250) V

max. 0.4 W/input

Counter input frequency

10 pulses/s max

Balanced counter input frequency

40 pulses/s max

Debounce frequency

5 Hz

Oscillating signal discriminator

Blocking settable 140 Hz


Release settable 130 Hz

Influencing factors
Table 14:
Parameter

Temperature and humidity influence


Reference value

Nominal range

Influence

Ambient temperature

+20 C

-10 C to +55 C

0.01% / C

Relative humidity

10%-90%

10%-90%

Operative range

0%-95%

Storage temperature

-40 C to +70 C

Table 15:
Auxiliary DC supply voltage influence on functionality during operation
Dependence on
Reference value
Within nominal range

Influence

Ripple, in DC auxiliary voltage

max. 2%

0.01% / %

Operative range

Full wave rectified

12% of EL
24-60 V DC 20%

Interrupted auxiliary DC voltage

90-250 V DC 20%
Without reset

<50 ms

Correct function

0- s

Restart time

<120 s

Table 16:
Frequency influence (reference standard: IEC 602556)
Dependence on
Within nominal range

Frequency dependence

fr 2.5 Hz for 50 Hz

Influence
1.0% / Hz

fr 3.0 Hz for 60 Hz
Harmonic frequency dependence (10,
20 and 50% content)

2nd, 3rd and 5th harmonic of fr

1.0%

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Type tests according to standards


Table 17:
Test

Electromagnetic compatibility
Type test values

1 MHz burst disturbance

Reference standards

2.5 kV

IEC 60255-22-1, Class III

8 kV air discharge

IEC 60255-22-2, Class III

Electrostatic discharge
Direct application

6 kV contact discharge
Indirect application
Fast transient disturbance
Surge immunity test

6 kV contact discharge

IEC 61000-4-2, Class III

4 kV

IEC 60255-22-4, Class A

1-2 kV, 1.2/50s

IEC 60255-22-5

high energy
Power frequency immunity test

150-300 V,

IEC 60255-22-7, Class A

50 Hz
Power frequency magnetic field test

1000 A/m, 3s

IEC 61000-4-8, Class V

Radiated electromagnetic field disturbance 10 V/m, 80-1000 MHz

IEC 60255-22-3

Radiated electromagnetic field disturbance 10 V/m, 80-1000 MHz, 1.4-2.0 GHz EN 61000-4-3, Class III
Radiated electromagnetic field disturbance 35 V/m

IEEE/ANSI C37.90.2

26-1000 MHz
Conducted electromagnetic field disturbance

10 V, 0.15-80 MHz

IEC 60255-22-6

Radiated emission

30-1000 MHz

IEC 60255-25

Conducted emission

0.15-30 MHz

IEC 60255-25

Table 18:
Test

Insulation
Type test values

Reference standard

Dielectric test

2.0 kV AC, 1 min.

IEC 60255-5

Impulse voltage test

5 kV, 1.2/50 s, 0.5 J

Insulation resistance

>100 M at 500 VDC

Table 19:
Test

Type test value

Reference standard

Test Ad for 16 h at -25C

IEC 60068-2-1

Storage test

Test Ad for 16 h at -40C

IEC 60068-2-1

Dry heat test

Test Bd for 16 h at +70C

IEC 60068-2-2

Damp heat test, steady state

Test Ca for 4 days at +40 C and humidity


93%

IEC 60068-2-3

Damp heat test, cyclic

Test Da for 6 cycles at +25 to +55 C and


humidity 93 to 95% (1 cycle = 24 hours)

IEC 60068-2-30

Environmental tests

Cold test

Table 20:
Test

CE compliance
According to

Immunity

EN 61000-6-2

Emissivity

EN 61000-6-4

Low voltage directive

EN 50178

Table 21:
Test

Mechanical tests
Type test values

Reference standards

Vibration

Class I

IEC 60255-21-1

Shock and bump

Class I

IEC 60255-21-2

Seismic

Class I

IEC 60255-21-3

Transformer differential protection


Table 22:
Function

High impedance differential protection (PDIF, 87N)


Range or value

Pick-up voltage

10-500 V

Operate time

10 ms typically

Reset time

25 ms typically

Maximum continuous voltage

200 V

Accuracy
5% of set value

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Table 23:
Function

Restricted earth fault protection (PDIF, 87N)


Range or value

Accuracy
2% of Ir for I < Ir

Operate characteristic

Adaptable

Directional characteristic

Fixed 180 degrees or 60 to


90 degrees

Operate time

25 ms typically

Reset time

25 ms typically

2% of I for I > Ir

Table 24:
Function

< 1.0 degree

Transformer differential protection (PDIF, 87T)


Range or value

Accuracy

Unrestrained differential current limit

(200-2500)% of Ir on high
voltage winding

2% of set value

Reset ratio

>99%

Operating characteristic

Adaptable

2% of Ir for I < Ir

Vector group compensation, 2 winding (Yy0, Yd1,


Dy11, etc.)

1-24

2% of I for I > Ir

Vector group compensation, 3 winding (Yy0d1, etc.) 1-288

Operate time, restrained function

20 ms typically

Reset time, restrained function

10 ms typically

Operate time, unrestrained function

20 ms typically

Reset time, unrestrained function

25 ms typically

Distance protection
Table 25:
Function

Power swing detection (RPSB, 78)


Range or value

0.10-3000.00

Reactive reach

Accuracy
5% static accuracy
5% degrees static angular accuracy

Conditions:
Voltage range: (0.1-1.1) x Ur
Resistive reach

0.101000.00

Timers

(0.000-60.000) s

Current range: (0.5-30) x Ir


Angle: at 0 degrees and 85 degrees

Table 26:
Function

Phase selection and load encroachment criteria (PDIS, 21)


Range or value

Minimum operate current

(10-30)% x Ib

Reactive reach, positive sequence, for- 0.503000.00


ward and reverse
Resistive reach, positive sequence

0.101000.00

Reactive reach, zero sequence, forward 0.509000.00


and reverse
Reactive reach, zero sequence

0.503000.00

Fault resistance, phase-earth faults, for- 1.009000.00


ward and reverse
Fault resistance, phase-phase faults,
forward and reverse

0.5% of set time 10 ms

Accuracy

5% static accuracy
5 degrees static angular accuracy

Conditions:
Voltage range: (0.1-1.1) x Ur
Current range: (0.5-30) x Ir
Angle: at 0 degrees and 85 degrees

0.503000.00

Load encroachment criteria:


Load resistance, forward and reverse

1.003000.00

Safety load impedance angle


5-70 degrees
Reset ratio

105% typically

Phase overcurrent start function

(10-1000)% of IBase

Residual overcurrent start function

(10-1000)% of IBase

2.5% of Ir at I Ir and 2.5% of I at I >


Ir

Timers

(0.000-60.000) s

0.5% of set time 10 ms

Table 27:
Function

Distance measuring zone (PDIS, 21)


Range or value

Accuracy

Number of zones

5 with selectable direction

Minimum operate current

(10-30)% x Ib

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Function

Range or value

Accuracy

Positive sequence resistance

(0.10-1000.00)

5% static accuracy

Positive sequence reactance

(0.50-3000.00)

5% degrees static angular accuracy

Zero sequence resistance

(0.50-3000.00)

Conditions:

Zero sequence reactance

(0.50-9000.00)
(1.00-9000.00)

Voltage range: (0.1-1.1) x Ur

Fault resistance, Ph-E


Fault resistance, Ph-Ph

(1.00-3000.00)

Dynamic overreach

+5% at 85 degrees measured with


CVTs and 0.5<SIR<30

Impedance zone timers

(0.000-60.000) s

0.5% of set time 10 ms

Operate time

28 ms typically

Reset ratio

110% typically

Reset time

40 ms typically

Current range: (0.5-30) x Ir


Angle: at 0 degrees and 85 degrees

Current protection
Table 28:
Function

Pole discordance protection, current and/or contact based (RPLD, 50PD)


Range or value
Accuracy

(0.000-60.000) s

0.5% 10 ms

Operate current

10% of I1b

2.5% of Ir

Time delay

(0.000-60.000) s

0.5% 10 ms

Auxiliary-contact-based function,
time delay

Table 29:
Function

Breaker failure protection (RBRF, 50BF)


Range or value

Accuracy
1.0% of Ir at Iset Ir

Operate phase current

(5-200)% of lr

Reset ratio, phase current

> 95%

Operate residual current

(5-200)% of lbase

1.0% of Ir at Iset Ir

Reset ratio, residual current

> 95%

1.0% of Iset at Iset > Ir

1.0% of Iset at Iset > Ir

Phase current level for blocking of con- (5-200)% of lr


tact function

1.0% of Ir at Iset Ir

Reset ratio

> 95%

1.0% of Iset at Iset > Ir

Timers

(0.000-60.000) s

0.5% of set time 10 ms

Trip operate time

18 ms typically

Operate time for current detection

10 ms typically

Reset time for current detection

15 ms typically

Table 30:
Function

Time delayed 4-step residual overcurrent protection (PEFM, 67N)


Range or value
Accuracy

Operate current

(2-2500)% of lr

1.0% of Ir at Iset Ir

Reset ratio

> 95%

Characteristic angle

65 lagging

5.0 at 20 V and Iset = 35% of Ir

1.0% of Iset at Iset > Ir

Operate current for directional compari- (5-200)% of lr


son

1.0% of Ir at Iset Ir

Minimum operate current for directional (5-100)% of lr


operation

1.0% of lr

Minimum polarizing current for directional operation

(0.5-100.0)% of lr

1.0% of lr

Timers

(0.000-60.000) s

0.5% of set time 10 ms

Inverse characteristics, see table 52


and table 53.

19 curve types

See table 52 and table 53.

1.0% of Iset at Iset > Ir

Second harmonic restrain operation

20 or 32%

1.0% of set value

Relay characteristic angle

-180 to 180 degrees

1.0 degrees

Minimum polarizing voltage

0.5% of Ur

5.0% of set value

Operate time, start function

35 ms typically

Reset time, start function

15 ms typically

10 ms typically at 2 x Iset

Critical impulse time

5 ms typically at 10 x Iset
Impulse margin time

25 ms typically

Dynamic overreach

< 5%

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Table 31:
Function

Instantaneous residual overcurrent protection (PIOC, 51N)


Range or value

Accuracy
1.0% of Ir at Iset Ir

Operate current

(5-2500)% of lbase

Reset ratio

> 95%

Operate time, start function

25 ms typically

1.0% of Iset at Iset > Ir

Reset time, start function

15 ms typically

Critical impulse time

10 ms typically at 2 x Iset

Impulse margin time

15 ms typically

Dynamic overreach

< 5% at = 100 ms

5 ms typically at 10 x Iset

Table 32:
Function

Time delayed 4-step phase overcurrent protection (POCM, 51/67)


Setting range
Accuracy
1.0% of Ir at Iset Ir

Operate current

(5-2500)% of lbase

Reset ratio

> 95%

Rated voltage

(50-400)% of Ubase

1.0% of Ur at Uset Ur

Min. operating current

(5-100)% of lbase

Directional angle in 2:nd quadrant

(100-150) degrees

2.0%

Directional angle in 4:th quadrant

(5-40) degrees

2.0%

Second harmonic blocking

20 or 32%

1.0% of set value

Independent time delay

(0.000-60.000) s

0.5% of set time 10 ms

Minimum operate time

(0.000-60.000) s

0.5% of set time 10 ms

Inverse characteristics, see table 52


and table 53.

19 curve types

See table 52 and table 53.

Operate time, start function

35 ms typically

Reset time, start function

35 ms typically

Critical impulse time

10 ms typically at 2 x Iset

Impulse margin time

25 ms typically

Dynamic overreach

< 5% at = 100 ms

1.0% of Iset at Iset > Ir

1.0% of Uset at Uset > Ur


1.0% of Ir at Iset Ir
1.0% of Iset at Iset > Ir

5 ms typically at 10 x Iset

Table 33:
Function

Instantaneous phase overcurrent protection (PIOC, 50)


Range or value

Accuracy
1.0% of Ir at Iset Ir

Operate current

(5-2500)% of lr

Reset ratio

> 95%

Operate time, start function

25 ms typically

1.0% of Iset at Iset > Ir

Reset time, start function

15 ms typically

Critical impulse time

10 ms typically at 2 x Iset

Impulse margin time

15 ms typically

Dynamic overreach

< 5% at = 100 ms

5 ms typically at x 10 Iset

Voltage protection
Table 34:
Function

Two step time delayed residual overvoltage protection (POVM, 59N)


Range or value
Accuracy

Operate voltage

1-200% of object UBAse

Time characteristics

CurveType:

Definite (Independent)
Inverse (Dependent)
0.5% of setting 0/+40ms

Definite time setting

0.00-300.00 s

Inverse time characteristic

Very Inverse:

Class 5 and 0/+40ms

T=13.5, =1.0

0.5% of setting 0/+40ms

t=(k x T)/[(U/Us1) -1]

k = 0.05-1.10
Us1 = UsetLow

tMin = 0.05-1.00 s

Time multiplier
Minimum operate time

0.000-60.000 s

0.5% of setting 0/+40ms

High set voltage

5.0-200.0% of object Ur

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Function

Range or value

Accuracy

Reset ratio

> 0.99

Reset time

35 ms typically

Transient overreach

<5% at = 100 ms

Critical impulse time

10 ms typically

Impulse margin time

25 ms typically

Recovery time

20 ms typically

Table 35:
Function

Two step time delayed overvoltage protection (POVM, 59)


Range or value
Accuracy

Operate voltage, low and high step

1-200% of UBaser

Inverse time characteristic

Very Inverse:

< 1% of Ur at U < Ur
< 1% of U at U > Ur

t=(k x T)/[U/Us1) -1]

Class 5 + 40 ms

T=13.5, =1.0
k = 0.05-1.10

U = Measured voltage
Us1 = Setting of low step
Definite time delays

0-60.000 s

0.5% of setting 10 ms

Time characteristics

Definite (Independent)

Inverse (Dependent)
Minimum operate time, Inverse characteristics

0.000-60.000 s

Reset ratio

> 0.99

Operate time, start function

35 ms typically

Reset time, start function

35 ms typically

Transient overreach

< 5% at = 100ms

Critical impulse time

10 ms typically

Impulse margin time

25 ms typically

Recovery time

20 ms typically

En hel del info saknas!!


Table 36:
Function

Two step time delayed undervoltage protection (PUVM, 27)


Range or value
Accuracy

< 1% of Urat U < Ur

Operate voltage, low and high step

1-100.0% of Ubase

Internal blocking level, low and high


step

1100% of UBase

Definite time delays

0.000-60.000 s

0.5% of setting 10 ms

Reset ratio

< 1.01

< 1% of U at U > Ur
< 1% of Urat U < Ur
< 1% of U at U > Ur

Operate time, start function

35 ms typically

Reset time, start function

35 ms typically

Transient overreach

< 5% at = 100 ms

Critical impulse time

10 ms typically

Impulse margin time

25 ms typically

Recovery time

20 ms typically

Multipurpose protection
Table 37:
Parameter

Automatic switch onto fault logic (PSCF)


Range or value

Accuracy

Delay following dead line detection input before SOTF function 200 ms
is automatically enabled

0.5% 10 ms

Time period after circuit breaker closure in which SOTF function is active

0.5% 10 ms

Table 38:
Function

1000 ms

General current and voltage measuring function (PGPF, 21, 51, 27, 59, 46)
Range or value
Accuracy

Measuring current input

L1, L2, L3,PS, NS, 3ZS, MAX, MIN,


UNB, L1L2,L2L3, L3L1 MAX2, MIN2

Base current

1 - 99999 A

Measuring voltage input

L1, L2, L3, PS, -NS, -3ZS, MAX, MIN, UNB, L1L2, L2L3, L3L1 MAX2, MIN2

Base voltage

0.05 - 2000.00 kV

Start overcurrent, step 1 and 2

2 - 5000% of IBase

1.0% of Ir for I<Ir


1.0% of I for I>Ir

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Function

Range or value

Accuracy

Start undercurrent, step 1 and 2

2 - 150% of IBase

1.0% of Ir for I<Ir

Definite time delay

0.00 - 6000.00 s

0.5% 10 ms

Operate time start current

35 ms typically

Reset time, start current

35 ms typically

1.0% of I for I>Ir

See table 53

Customer defined characteristic no 17


Operate characteristic:
k: 0.05 - 999.00

A
t = P
+ Bk
(I C)

Reset characteristic:

A: 0.0000 - 999.0000
B: 0.0000 - 99.0000
C: 0.0000 - 1.0000
P: 0.0001 - 10.0000
PR: 0.005 - 3.000
TR: 0.005 - 600.000
CR: 0.01 - 10.00

t=

(I

TR
PR

CR

I = Imeasured/Iset
1.0% of Ir for I<Ir

Minimum operate current, directional


function

0.0 - 5.0% of IBase

Minimum polarizing voltage, directional function

0.0 - 5.0% of UBase

Voltage level where voltage memory


takes over

0.0 - 5.0% of Ubase

Memory time

0.000 - 0.150 s

0.5% 10 ms

Start overvoltage, step 1 and 2

2.0 - 200.0% of UBase

1.0% of Ur for U<Ur

Start undervoltage, step 1 and 2

2.0 - 150.0% of UBase

Operate time, start voltage

35 ms typically

Reset time, start voltage

35 ms typically

High and low voltage limit, voltage


dependent operation

1.0 - 200.0% of UBase

1.0% of Ur for U<Ur

Directional function

Settable: NonDir, forward and reverse -

1.0% of I for I>Ir


1.0% of Ur for U<Ur
1.0% of U for U>Ur
1.0% of Ur for U<Ur
1.0% of U for U>Ur

1.0% of U for U>Ur


1.0% of Ur for U<Ur
1.0% of U for U>Ur

1.0% of U for U>Ur

Relay characteristic angle

-180 to +180 degrees

1.0 degrees

Relay operate angle

1 to 120 degrees

1.0 degrees

Reset ratio, overcurrent

Settable: 80 - 100%

Reset ratio, undercurrent

Settable: 100 - 120%

Reset ratio, overvoltage

Settable: 80 - 100%

Reset ratio, undervoltage

Settable: 100 - 120%

Current:
Critical impulse time

10 ms typically at 2 x start current

Impulse margin time

25 ms typically

Recovery time

20 ms typically

Voltage:
Critical impulse time

10 ms typically at 2 x start voltage

Impulse margin time, overvoltage

15 ms typically

Impulse margin time, undervoltage

25 ms typically

Recovery time

20 ms typically

Transient overreach

<5% at <100 ms

Secondary system supervision


Table 39:
Function

Fuse failure supervision, zero sequence (RFUF, 60)


Range or value

Accuracy

Operate voltage, zero sequence

(10-50)% of U1b

2.5 % of Ur

Operate current, zero sequence

(10-50)% of I1b

2.5 % of Ir

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Table 40:
Function

Current circuit supervision, current based (RDIF, 60)


Range or value

Accuracy

Operate current

(5-200)% of Ir

1.0% of Ir at Iset Ir

Reset ratio

> 95 %

Block current

(5-500)% of Ir

1.0% of Ir at Iset Ir

1.0% of Iset at Iset > Ir

1.0% of Iset at Iset > Ir

Control
Table 41:
Function

Synchrocheck and energizing check (RSYN, 25)


Range or value

Accuracy

Phase shift, line - bus

(-180 to 180) degrees

Voltage ratio, Ubus/Uline

(0.20-5.00)% of Ur

Voltage high limit for synchrocheck

(50-120)% of Ur

1.0% of Ur at Uset Ur

Reset ratio

> 95%

1.0% of Uset at Uset > Ur

Frequency difference limit between bus (0.02-1.00) Hz


and line

20 mHz

Phase angle difference limit between


bus and line

(5.0-75.0)

2.0 degrees

Voltage difference limit between bus


and line

(2-50)% of Ur

1.0% of Ur

Time delay output for synchrocheck

(0.000-60.000) s

0.5% of set time 10 ms

Voltage high limit for energizing check

(50-120)% of Ur

1.0% of Ur at Uset Ur

Reset ratio, voltage high limit

> 95%

Voltage low limit for energizing check

(10-80)% of Ur

1.0% of Ur

Reset ratio, voltage low limit

> 95%

Maximum voltage for energizing

(50-140)% of Ur

1.0% of Ur at Uset Ur

Time delay for energizing check

(0.000-60.000) s

1.0% of Uset at Uset > Ur

1.0% of Uset at Uset > Ur


0.5% of set time 10 ms

Operate time for synchrocheck function 190 ms typically

Operate time for energizing function

80 ms typically

Logic
Table 42:
Function

Event counter (MCNT)


Range or value

Accuracy

Counter value

0-10000

Max. count up speed

10 pulses/s

Table 43:
Logic block

Configurable logic blocks


Update 2 ms

LogicAND

80

Update 10 ms

Update 100 ms

80

200

LogicOR

80

80

200

LogicInverter

40

40

100

Setting

LogicTimer

20

20

50

0-90 s

LogicPulseTimer

20

20

50

0-90 s

LogicSRMemory

20

20

50

LogicGate

20

20

50

LogicTimerSet

20

20

50

LogicXOR

20

20

50

LogicLoopDelay

20

20

50

0-90 s
0-90 s

Function

Number

Setting range

Accuracy

AND

60

AND function block

2 ms

OR

60

OR function block

2 ms

XOR

10

Exclusive OR function block

2 ms

INV

20

Inverter function block

2 ms

SM

10

Set-reset with memory function block

2 ms

GT

Controllable gate function block

2 ms

TS

Settable timer function block

2 ms

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 34

Table 44:
Function

Configurable logic blocks


Range or value

Accuracy
0.5% of set time 10 ms

Timer, TM

(0.000-90000.000) s

Timer, TM, available quantity

90

Pulse timer, TP

(0.000-90000.000) s

0.5% of set time 10 ms

Pulse timer, TP, available quantity

90

Table 45:
Function

Tripping logic (PTRC, 94)


Range or value

Trip action

Accuracy

3-ph, 1/3-ph, 1/2/3-ph

Minimum trip pulse length

(0.000-60.000) ms

0.5% of set time 10 ms

Timers

(0.000-60.000) ms

0.5% of set time 10 ms

Monitoring
Table 46:
Function

Supervision of mA input signals


Range or value

mA measuring function

5, 10, + 20 mA
20 mA

Max current of transducer to input

(-25.00 to +25.00) mA

Min current of transducer to input

(-25.00 to +25.00) mA

Alarm level for input

(-25.00 to +25.00) mA

Warning level for input

(-25.00 to +25.00) mA

Alarm hysteresis for input

(0-20) mA

Amplitude dead band for input

(0-20) mA

Integrating dead band for input

(0.00-1000.00) mA

Table 47:
Function

Accuracy

0-5, 0-10, 0-20, 4- 0.1 % of set value 0.005 mA

Service Value Reading U, I, f, P, Q, S, power factor (MMXU)


Range or value

Accuracy

Frequency

(0.95-1.05) fr

2.0 mHz for three-phase connection

Voltage

(0.1-1.5) Ur

1.0% of Ur at Uset Ur

Current

(0.2-4.0) Ir

1.0% of Ir at Iset Ir

Phase angle

(0-360)

1.0

Active power *)

at | cos | 0.9

5.0%

Reactive power *)

at | cos | 0.8

7.5%

Apparent power *)

at | cos | 0.8

7.5%

Idiff

1.0%

1.0% of Uset at Uset > Ur


1.0% of Iset at Iset > Ir

*)

Measured at Ur and 20 % of Ir

Table 48:
Function

Disturbance report (RDRE)


Range or value

Accuracy

Pre-fault time

50-300 ms

Post-fault time

100-5000 ms

Limit time

500-6000 ms

Maximum number of recorded disturbances

100

Resolution

1 ms

Maximum number of analog inputs

40

Maximum number of binary inputs

96

Maximum number of events in the


Event list

1000

Maximum number of indications in a


disturbance report

96

Maximum number of events in a distur- 150


bance report
Voltage channels, dynamic range

(0.01-2.0) x Ur at 100 V sec.

1.0% of Ur at U Ur and rated frequency


1.0% of U at U > Ur and rated frequency

Resolution, voltage channels

0.1% of Ur

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 35

Function

Range or value

Accuracy

Current channels, dynamic range without dc offset

(0.01-85) x Ir

1.0% of Ir at I Ir and rated frequency

Current channels, dynamic range with


full dc offset

(0.01-40) x Ir

1.0% of I at I > Ir and rated frequency

Resolution, current channels

0.25% of Ir

Sampling rate

1 kHz at 50 Hz

1.2 kHz at 60 Hz
Recording bandwidth

(5-250) Hz

Metering
Table 49:
Function

Pulse counter logic (MMTR)


Setting range

Accuracy

Input frequency

See Binary Input Module (BIM)

Cycle time for pulse counter

30 s, 1 min, 1 min 30 s, 2 min, 2 min 30 s, 3 min, 4


0,1% of set value
min, 5 min, 6 min, 7 min 30s, 10 min, 12 min, 15 min,
20 min, 30 min, 60 min

Station communication
Table 50:
Function

IEC 61850-8-1 communication protocol


Value

Protocol

IEC 61850-8-1

Communiation speed for the IEDs

100BASE-FX

Change of active group allowed

Yes

Change of settings allowed

Yes

Remote communication
Table 51:
Type of fibre

Line differential communication module


Graded-index multicode 62,5/125 m.

Wave length

820 nm

Transmission distance

0-3 km

Optical connector

Type ST

Protocol

C37.94

Data transmission

Synchronous

Transmission rate

64 kbit/s

Clock source

Internal or derived from received signal

Inverse characteristics
Table 52:
Function

Inverse time characteristics ANSI


Range or value

Operate characteristic:

k = 0.05-1.10 in steps of 0.01


unless otherwise stated

+
B
k

( I P 1)

t =

Reset characteristic:

t=
I = Imeasured/Iset

(I

tr
2

Accuracy

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 36

ANSI Extremely Inverse no 1

A=28.2, B=0.1217, P=2.0,


tr=29.1

ANSI Very inverse no 2

A=19.61, B=0.491, P=2.0,


tr=21.6

ANSI Normal Inverse no 3

A=0.0086, B=0.0185, P=0.02,


tr=0.46

ANSI Moderately Inverse no 4

A=0.0515, B=0.1140, P=0.02,


tr=4.85

ANSI Long Time Extremely Inverse no 6

A=64.07, B=0.250, P=2.0, tr=30

ANSI Long Time Very Inverse no 7

A=28.55, B=0.712, P=2.0,


tr=13.46

ANSI Long Time Inverse no 8

ANSI/IEEE C37.112, class 5

k=(0.01-1.20) in steps of 0.01


A=0.086, B=0.185, P=0.02,
tr=4.6

Table 53:
Function

Inverse time characteristics IEC

Operate characteristic:

Range or value

Accuracy

k = (0.05-1.10) in steps of 0.01

A
k
( I P 1)

t =
I = Imeasured/Iset

Time delay to reset, IEC inverse time

(0.000-60.000) s

0.5% of set time 10 ms

IEC Normal Inverse no 9

A=0.14, P=0.02

IEC 60255-3, class 5 +40 ms

IEC Very inverse no 10

A=13.5, P=1.0

IEC Inverse no11

A=0.14, P=0.02

IEC Extremely inverse no 12

A=80.0, P=2.0

IEC Short-time inverse no 13

A=0.05, P=0.04

IEC Long-time inverse no 14

A=120, P=1.0

Customer defined characteristic no 17

k=0.5-1.10 in steps of 0.1

Operate characteristic:

A=(0.005-200.000) in steps of
0.001

A
t = P
+ Bk
(I C)

Reset characteristic:

IEC 60255, class 5

B=(0.00-20.00) in steps of 0.1


C=(0.1-10.0) in steps of 0.1
P=(0.005-100.000) in steps of
0.001
TR=(0.005-100.000) in steps of
0.001
CR=(0.1-10.0) in steps of 0.1

t=

(I

TR
PR

CR

PR=(0.005-3.000) in steps of
0.001

I = Imeasured/Iset
RI inverse characteristic no 18

k=(0.05-1.10) in steps of 0.01

IEC 60255-3, class 5

k=(0.05-1.10) in steps of 0.01

IEC 60255-3, class 5

1
t = -------------------------------------- k
0, 236
0, 339 ---------------I
I = Imeas/Iset
RD inverse characteristic no19

t = 5, 8 1, 35 ln --I-

k
I = Imeas/Iset

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 37

Ordering
Guidelines
Carefully read and follow the set of rules to ensure problem-free order management. Please refer to the function matrix for included software functions given in each software option package. Please observe that the character length of the software option section varies depending on the included options.
Enter option codes in the shaded spaces to complete the ordering number.

Example:
RET670* 1.0-A31-A03B01H04-X0............
Sheet 1

Sheet 2 (Enter option codes from sheet 2 in the spaces below)

RET670*

- A0

- X0

SOFTWARE

Notes and Rules

Version number
Latest version

XX

Version No

1.0

Configuration alternatives
Single Breaker, 2 winding

A30

Double Breaker, 2 winding

B30

Single Breaker, 3 winding

A40

Double Breaker, 3 winding

B40

Custom configuration
User defined Configuration

Y00

User defined configuration to be provided to ABB direct after


accepted order

Software options
Restricted earth fault protection

A01

High impedance differential protection

A02

Distance protection

B02

Additional earth fault protection

C03

Additional thermal overload

C04

Additional breaker failure protection

C05

Pole discordance protection

C06

Pole discordance protection

C07

Voltage protection

D01

Voltage protection

D02

Overexcitation protection

D03

Frequency protections
General current and voltage protection

E01
F01

Synchrocheck

H01

Synchrocheck

H02

Apparatus control for single bay, max 8 apparatuses

H04

Apparatus control for single bay, max 15 apparatuses

H05

Binary signal transfer

R01

Additional HMI language


No second HMI language

X0

On request

Casing
1/2 x 19 case

1/1 x 19 case (1TRM slot)

Only for 1/1 19 case alternative

1/1 x 19 case (2TRM slot)

Only for 1/1 19 case alternative

Mounting details with IP40 of protection from the front


19 rack mounting kit for 1/2 19 rack

19 rack mounting kit for 1/1 19 rack

Wall mounting kit

Flush mounting kit - IP54 mounting seal

Auxiliary power supply


24-60 VDC

90-250 VDC

Human machine interface


Medium size, 15 controllable objects

Small size - test

Analog system
First Transformer input module, 9I+3U, 1A

A3

First Transformer input module, 9I+3U, 5A

A4

First Transformer input module, 6I+6U, 1A

A6

First Transformer input module, 6I+6U, 5A

A7

No second TRM included

X0

Second Transformer input module, 9I+3U, 1A

A3

Second Transformer input module, 9I+3U, 5A

A4

Second Transformer input module, 6I+6U, 1A

A6

Second Transformer input module, 6I+6U, 5A

A7

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 38

RET670*

X161

X151

X141

X131

X111

X121

X91

X101

X81

X71

Note! Only for A31/32. Only position X31 to X51


can be selected

X61

1/2 Case with 1 TRM (A31/32)

X51

Note! Max 3 positins in 1/2 rack and 11 in 1/1


rack with 2 TRM and 14 in 1/1 rack wiht 1
TRM

X41

Slot position (rear view)

X31

Binary input and output, mA and time synchronizating boards.

1/1 Case with 1 TRM (A31/32)


1/1 Case with 2 TRM (B31/32)
No board in this slot

BIM 16 inputs, RL48-60 VDC

BIM 16 inputs, RL110-125 VDC

BIM 16 inputs, RL220-250 VDC

BIMp 16 inputs, RL24-30 VDC for pulse counting

BIMp 16 inputs, RL48-60 VDC for pulse counting

BIMp 16 inputs, RL110-125 VDC for pulse counting

BIMp 16 inputs, RL220-250 VDC for pulse counting

Binary output module 24 output relays (BOM)

Note! Maximum 6 BOM boards

BIM 16 inputs, RL24-30 VDC

Note! Basic 1 BIM and 1 BOM included in A31/


32

IOM 8 inputs, 10+2 output, RL24-30 VDC

IOM 8 inputs, 10+2 output, RL48-60 VDC

IOM 8 inputs, 10+2 output, RL110-125 VDC

IOM 8 inputs, 10+2 output, RL220-250 VDC

mA input module 6 channels (MIM)

Note! Max 1 MIM board

Station communication
IEC61850-8-1
SPA communication protocol
LON communication protocol
IEC 60870-5-103 communicaton protocol
X313

X312

X303

Slot position (rear view)

X302

Serial communication unit for remote end communication

No remote communication board included

C37.94 single channel 3 km

A
X311

Slot position (rear view)

X301

Serial communication unit for station communication

No communication board included

Serial and LON module, plastic interface

Serial and LON module, plastic/glass interface

Serial and LON module, glass interface

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 39

Accessories
Test switch
Test switch module mounted in RHGS 6 Case, first Transformer input module

1MRK 000 371-FA

Test switch module mounted in RHGS 6 Case, second Transformer input module

1MRK 000 371-FB

Test switch module in RHGS 6 Case, trip contacts

1MRK 000 371-FC

On/off switch for the DC-supply

RK 795 017-AA

GPS antenna and mounting details


GPS antenna, including mounting kits

1MRK 001 640-AA

Cable for antenna, 20 m

1MRK 001 665-AA

Cable for antenna, 40 m

1MRK 001 665-BA

Interface converter (for remote end data communication)


1
External interface converter from C37.94 to G703

Qty:

1MRK 002 245-AA

Protection cover
Protective cover for rear side of IED, 6U, 1/1 x 19

1MRK 002 420-AA

Protective cover for rear side of IED, 6U, 1/2 x 19

1MRK 002 420-AC

Protective cover for rear side of RHGS 6, 6U, 1/2 x 19

1MRK 002 420-AE

External resistor unit


High impedance resistor unit 1-ph with resistor and voltage dependent resistor

Qty:

RK795101-CB

High impedance resistor unit 3-ph with resistor and voltage dependent resistor

RK795101-DC

Combiflex
Key switch for lock-out of settings via LCD-HMI

1MRK 000 611-A

Side-by-side mounting kit

1MRK 002 420-Z

Configuration and monitoring tools


PCM600 IED tool box, base package - single license

1MRK 002 039-DC

PCM600 IED tool box, base package - corporate license

1MRK 002 039-EC

PCM600 Configuration - option

1MRK 002 061-AC

PCM600 Remote connection - option

1MRK 002 061-BC

PCM600 Printed documentation - paper

1MRK 002 045-CC

Manuals
Note: One CD-ROM with Operators Manual, Technical reference manual, Installation and commissioning manual and
Application manual is always included for each IED.
User documentation CD-ROM RED 670, REL 670, REC 670, RET 670
Quantity:

1MRK 002 290-AA

Quantity:

1MRK 504 049-UEN

Quantity:

1MRK 504 048-UEN

Rule: Specify the number of printed manuals requested

Operators manual

Technical reference manual

Transformer protection IED

RET670*1.0
1MRK 504 080-BEN
Page 40

Installation and commissioning manual


Quantity:

1MRK 504 050-UEN

Quantity:

1MRK 504 051-UEN

Quantity:

1MRK 504 054-UEN

Application manual

Getting started guide

Reference information
For our reference and statistics we would be pleased to be provided with the following application data:
Country:

End user:

Station name:

Voltage level:

kV

Related documents
Technical overview brochure

Accessories for REx 5xx

1MRK 514 009-BEN

CAP 540*1.3

1MRK 511 142-BEN

Manufacturer
ABB Automation Technologies AB

Substation Automation Products


SE-721 59 Vsters
Sweden
Telephone: +46 (0) 21 34 20 00
Facsimile: +46 (0) 21 14 69 18
Internet: www.abb.com/substationautomation