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Thales Rail Signalling Solutions GmbH

File: 3CR_31036_BAAA_DEAFA_01.doc

01

25.10.07

Rev.

Date

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01

TS/AEE, R.Klemm
MTNR

Description
Converter ISDN/V.24

STEK, VSB

TS/EH, K.Oldewurtel
Checked

3CR 31036 BAAA DEAFA

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Revisions and change reasons


Rev.

Date

01

25.10.07

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VSB

Change reason

Klemm Translation from 3CR 31036 BAAA DEAFC Rev. 01

01
Description
Converter ISDN/V.24

3CR 31036 BAAA DEAFA

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Contents
1 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................... 5
1.1 Scope ....................................................................................................................................... 5
1.2 General .................................................................................................................................... 5
1.3 Abbreviations .......................................................................................................................... 5
2 MECHANICAL FEATURES ............................................................................................................ 6
2.1 Housing..................................................................................................................................... 6
2.2 Position of clamps and LEDs.................................................................................................. 6
3 ELECTRICAL FEATURES ................................................................................................................ 7
3.1 Power supply ........................................................................................................................... 7
3.1.1 Connections .................................................................................................................... 7
3.1.2 LED displays...................................................................................................................... 7
3.2 Data transmission (ISDN) ........................................................................................................ 8
3.2.1 Distance ........................................................................................................................... 8
3.2.2 Connections .................................................................................................................... 8
3.2.3 LED displays...................................................................................................................... 8
3.3 Interface (V.24) ....................................................................................................................... 9
3.3.1 Maximum cable length.................................................................................................. 9
3.3.2 Connections .................................................................................................................... 9
3.3.3 LED displays...................................................................................................................... 9
3.4 Remote power supply.......................................................................................................... 10
3.4.1 Connections .................................................................................................................. 10
3.4.2 LED displays.................................................................................................................... 10
3.5 Air and creeping distances, test voltage.......................................................................... 10
4 BLOCK DIAGRAM ..................................................................................................................... 11
5 OPERATION............................................................................................................................... 11
5.1 Properties of ISDN ................................................................................................................. 11
5.2 Variants of the converter..................................................................................................... 11
5.3 Sample applications of the converter .............................................................................. 12
5.3.1 Connection of Detection Points to a transmission system ...................................... 12
5.3.1.1 Converter with one Detection Point (locally fed) ............................................ 12
5.3.1.2 Converter with two Detection Point (DP 1 fed via data line)......................... 14
5.3.2 Connection of an ACE to a transmission system...................................................... 15
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Description
Converter ISDN/V.24

3CR 31036 BAAA DEAFA

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5.3.3 Repeater ........................................................................................................................ 16


5.3.3.1 Repeater with local power supply ..................................................................... 16
5.3.3.2 Repeater fed via data line from ACE ................................................................ 17

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Description
Converter ISDN/V.24

3CR 31036 BAAA DEAFA

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1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Scope
This document describes the printed circuit boards Converter ISDN/V.24 with the following
part numbers:
Part number
3CR 31036 BAAA
3CR 31036 BBAA
3CR 31036 BCAA
3CR 31036 BDAA

Item variants
Converter ISDN/V24, LT/LT
Converter ISDN/V24, NT/LT
Converter ISDN/V24, LT/NT
Converter ISDN/V24, NT/NT

1.2 General
The converter changes the physical protocol from ISDN signals (2B1Q Coding) to V.24 and
vice versa. Two independent ISDN channels are implemented which are configured in the
four different item variants in all combinations of the ISDN modes (LT or NT). Each ISDN
channel offers two V.24 channels B1 and B2.
The converter can be supplied from an external power supply voltage or via one of the
data lines.
The housing is created for top hat rail mounting.

1.3 Abbreviations
2B1Q
AC
ACE
CCITT
CTS
DSR
DTR
EAK
GND
ISDN
LED
LT
NT
RTS
RXD
TXD
V.24

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Coding mode of ISDN


Alternating current
Axle Counter Evaluator
Comit Consultatif International Tlfonique e Tlgraphique
Clear to send
Data set ready
Data terminal ready
Elektronic-Junction-Box
Ground
Integrated Services Digital Network
Light emitting diode
Line Termination mode of ISDN
Network Termination mode of ISDN
Request to send
Receive data
Transmit data
Physical protocol according to CCITT

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Converter ISDN/V.24

3CR 31036 BAAA DEAFA

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2 MECHANICAL FEATURES
2.1 Housing
Dimensions (HxWxD):
Weight:
Mounting:

50 x 128 x 215 mm3


appr. 800 gr
at 35 mm top hat rail

2.2 Position of clamps and LEDs


b Earth 2

Earthing
for overvoltage protection
ISDN-Line
Remote power
supply

B1

B1

Data (Channel 2, B1)


TXD1
RXD1
GND

RX1 TX1

TX1 RX1

Data (Channel 1, B1)


TXD1
RXD1
GND

+
a

Remote power
supply

ISDN-Line

Earth 1

Earthing
for overvoltage protection

Data (Channel 2, B2)


B2

B2

NT LT

LT NT

Channel 1

POWER

Power supply
(48 ... 120 VDC)

TXD2
RXD2
GND
Channel 2

TX2 RX2

TXD2
RXD2
GND

RX2 TX2

Data (Channel 1, B2)

Power supply
(48 ... 120 VDC)

Remark: The switches LT/NT are soldered in different positions at the four item variants and
must not be changed.

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3 ELECTRICAL FEATURES
3.1 Power supply
An insulated switching power supply is integrated.
Voltage range:
48 VDC ... 120 VDC 10%, +5%
Fuse:
T 1,6 A
Power consumption:
max. 2,5 Watt
3.1.1 Connections
The connections for power supply are using clamp terminals (cross section: 0,08 mm2 to
2,5 mm2).
Two parallel double clamps are available:
Name at block with 2 clamps
+

Signal
Positive supply voltage
Negative supply voltage

3.1.2 LED displays


In the center of the converter there is a green LED which shows the presence of the input
voltage for power supply.

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3.2 Data transmission (ISDN)


Required wires:
Data rate:
Coding:
Attenuation:

2
max. 19,2 kBd (asynchronious)
ISDN 2B1Q
max. 24 dB (at 40 kHz)

3.2.1 Distance
The maximum distance for data transmission depends from the attenuation of the communication path which must not exceed 24 dB (at 40 kHz) including all cables, clamps
and transformers.
Typical attenuation (at 40kHz):
Copper diameter
0,9 mm
1,4 mm

Attenuation
2,6 dB/km
2,0 dB/km

Maximum distance (without transformers)


9,2 km
12 km

3.2.2 Connections
Clamp terminals (cross section: 0,08 mm2 to 2,5 mm2) are used.
In each channel the following clamps are available:
Name at block with 4 clamps
A
+

Signal
ISDN line a
Positive remote power supply voltage
Negative remote power supply voltage
ISDN line b

3.2.3 LED displays


The LEDs Ltg1 OK and Ltg2 OK are showing that the ISDN connection of the according
ISDN line is established. Only then data transmission is possible.

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3.3 Interface (V.24)


The bidirectional data of the ISDN line are converted to TxD and RxD signals according to
CCITT V.24. The signals at the V.24 interface can be connected directly to a PC. They also
can be connected crosswise to the other channel to realize a repeater.
Data rate: max. 19,2 kBit/s
3.3.1 Maximum cable length
The maximum cable length must not exceed 10 m.
3.3.2 Connections
Clamp terminals (cross section: 0,08 mm2 to 2,5 mm2) are used.
In each channel the following clamps are available:
Name at block B1(6 clamps)
(not named)
(not named)
TX1
RX1
(not named)
(not named)

Signal
Ground (GND)
Not used
TxD 1 (B1), input
RxD1 (B1), output
Not used
Ground (GND)

Name at block B2(6 clamps)


(not named)
(not named)
TX2
RX2
(not named)
(not named)

Signal
Ground (GND)
Not used
TxD 2 (B2), input
RxD2 (B2), output
Not used
Ground (GND)

Remark:
The clamps which are not used may be used to connect additional wires in off the shelf
cables. Especially hardware handshake connections may be realized (for example the
loops between DTR-DSR and CTS-RTS).
3.3.3 LED displays
Behind the clamps TXx und RXx there are LEDs which are showing the logical state of the
interface.
RX-LED (green):
LED
on
off

Logical state
High
Low

Voltage at the clamp


3...-15 Volt
+3...+15 Volt

Logical state
High

Voltage at the clamp


3...-15 Volt

TX -LED (yellow):
LED
on
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off

Low

+3...+15 Volt

3.4 Remote power supply


Via the transformer at the converter a remote power supply voltage can be send (to supply a Detection Pont) or received (to supply the converter) via the ISDN line.
Max. voltage:
120 VDC +5%
Integrated fuse:
315 mA, plugable
Max. overvoltage (against earth):
250 V (peek current 4500 A, 8/20 s)
3.4.1 Connections
Clamp terminals (cross section: 0,08 mm2 to 2,5 mm2) are used.
In each channel the following clamps are available:
Name at block with 4 clamps
A
+

B
Name
ERDE x
ERDE x

Signal
ISDN line a
Positive remote power supply voltage
Negative remote power supply voltage
ISDN line b
Signal
Earth contact for overvoltage protection
Earth contact for overvoltage protection

3.4.2 LED displays


Behind the clamps for remote power supply there are two red LEDs. Depending on the
polarity one of the LEDs is on if the fuse is broken.
This function only works if the remote power supply voltage and the load are still connected.

3.5 Air and creeping distances, test voltage

Power supply Electronic


Power supply ISDN line
Electronic ISDN line
ISDN line ISDN line

Air and
creeping distances
3,6 mm
3,6 mm
3,6 mm
4,0 mm

Voltage
11,2/50 s

Test voltage
50 Hz

2,75 kV
2,75 kV
2,75 kV
3,1 kV

1,5 kVeff
1,5 kVeff
1,5 kVeff
1,7 kVeff

The earthing contacts (ERDE1 and ERDE2) for overvoltage protection are separated for
each ISDN line and belong to the ISDN line from the point of view of insulation coordination.

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4 BLOCK DIAGRAM

a
+
b

a
+
b

Earth1

Earth2

ISDN
Channel 1
TX1
RX1
TX2
RX2

ISDN
Channel 2

V.24
B1

B1

TTL

ISDN
Module

TTL

V.24

V.24

TTL
B2

B2
V.24

TTL
LT/NT

GND

LT/NT

TX1
RX1

Insulation

TX2
RX2
GND

DC (5V)
DC (48..120 V)
+

5 OPERATION
5.1 Properties of ISDN
ISDN is a point to point connection. At both ends of the line one subscriber is connected
only. The connection with more than one subscriber at one end of the line is not allowed
and leads to a fault.
After the switch on of the power the line becomes calibrated from both subscribers.
Therefore one subscriber has to be configured as LT (like a Detection Point) or NT (like
an ACE).
When the calibration is finished (3..5 seconds) the line is used for data communication.
If the calibration is nit successful it is repeated every 15 seconds.

5.2 Variants of the converter


The four variants of the converter allow the universal use.

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In an application it is necessary to use the correct variant of the converter which is dependant from the mode of operation (LT or NT) in each ISDN channel. The mode of operation can not be changed.

5.3 Sample applications of the converter


5.3.1 Connection of Detection Points to a transmission system
With this application the data of a Detection Point can be connected via the V.24 interface to a transmission system and transmitted to an ACE. The converter is locally supplied.
Optional the Detection Point can be fed via the data line.
On AC electrified lines the maximum continuous induced voltage has to be regarded. If
necessary transformers have to be used.

5.3.1.1 Converter with one Detection Point (locally fed)


Variants:
Part number
3CR 31036 BBAA
3CR 31036 BDAA

Name
Converter ISDN/V24, NT/LT
Converter ISDN/V24, NT/NT

to power supply
(48 .. 120 Volt)

+
+

RX1 TX1

b Earth 2
b

Earth 1

POWER

B1

B2
TX2 RX2

RX2 TX2

TX1 RX1

NT LT

B2

Channel 2
B1
a

LT NT

Channel 1

to Detection Point 1

to transmission system
channel 1 (V.24, 9600 Bd)

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RXD
TXD
GND

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5.3.1.2 Converter with two Detection Point (DP 1 fed via data line)
Variant:
Part number
3CR 31036 BDAA

Name
Converter ISDN/V24, NT/NT

to transmission system
channel 2 (V.24, 9600 Bd)

GND
TXD
RXD

to power supply
(48 .. 120 Volt)
to Detection Point 2

RX2 TX2
B2

RX1 TX1

b Earth 2

B1

POWER

NT LT

Channel 2
Earth 1

B1

B2

TX1 RX1

TX2 RX2

LT NT

Channel 1

to Detection Point 1

to transmission system
channel 1 (V.24, 9600 Bd)

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RXD
TXD
GND

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5.3.2 Connection of an ACE to a transmission system


With this application the ACE can be connected via the V.24 interface to a transmission
system to receive data from a Detection Point. The converter is locally supplied.
On AC electrified lines the maximum continuous induced voltage has to be regarded. If
necessary transformers have to be used.
Variant:
Part number
3CR 31036 BAAA

Name
Converter ISDN/V24, LT/LT

to transmission system
channel 2 (V.24, 9600 Bd)

GND
TXD
RXD

to power supply
(48 .. 120 Volt)
to ACE

RX2 TX2
B2

RX1 TX1

Earth 2

B1

POWER

NT LT

Channel 2
Earth 1

B1

B2

TX1 RX1

TX2 RX2

LT NT

Channel 1

to ACE

to transmission system
channel 1 (V.24, 9600 Bd)

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RXD
TXD
GND

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Description
Converter ISDN/V.24

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5.3.3 Repeater
With the repeater function the ISDN signals become refreshed to double the maximum
transmission distance (dependant from the attenuation of the cable).
Auch hier kann zwischen einer direkten Speisung vor Ort und der Fernspeisung ber die
ISDN Leitung gewhlt werden.
On AC electrified lines the maximum continuous induced voltage has to be regarded. If
necessary transformers have to be used.
5.3.3.1 Repeater with local power supply
Variant:
Part number
3CR 31036 BBAA

Name
Converter ISDN/V24, NT/LT

to power supply
(48 .. 120 Volt)
to ACE

+
+

RX1 TX1

Earth 2

Earth 1

POWER

B1

B2
TX2 RX2

RX2 TX2

TX1 RX1

NT LT

B2

Channel 2
B1
a

LT NT

Channel 1

to Detection Point

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5.3.3.2 Repeater fed via data line from ACE


Variant:
Part number
3CR 31036 BBAA

Name
Converter ISDN/V24, NT/LT

to ACE

RX2 TX2
B2

RX1 TX1

Earth 2

B1

POWER

NT LT

Channel 2
Earth 1

B1

B2

TX1 RX1

TX2 RX2

LT NT

Channel 1

to Detection Point

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Description
Converter ISDN/V.24

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