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abate, verb

to reduce in amount, degree or severity

abdicate, verb
to renounce or relinquish a throne
aberrant, adjective
abnormal or deviant
abeyance, noun
suspended action
abject, adjective
utterly hopeless; humiliating or wretched
ablution, noun
act of cleansing
abscond, verb
depart secretly and hide
abstemious, adjective
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
acquiesce, verb
to comply, give in
acrid, adjective
sharp or biting to the taste or smell
acrimonious, adjective
caustic, stinging or bitter in nature
adjoin, verb
to be close or in contact with
admonish, verb
to counsel against something; caution; warn; reprove
adulterate, verb
to make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
aesthetic, adjective
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful
affable, adjective
friendly, courteous
aggrandize, verb
to increase in power, influence and reputation
aggregate, verb
gather; accumulate
alacrity, adjective
cheerful promptness; eagerness
alleviate, verb
altruist, noun
a person unselfishly concerned for the welfare of others
amalgamate, verb
combine; unite in one body

amatory, adjective
of or pertaining to lovers or lovemaking
ambiguous, adjective
unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambivalence, noun
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
ameliorate, verb
to make better; to improve
amity , noun
friendship; peaceful harmony
anachronism, noun
something or someone misplaced in time; an obsolete or archaic form
anarchy, noun
absence of governing body; state of disorder
androgynous, adjective
being both male and female
anomalous, adjective
abnormal; irregular
antipathy, noun
aversion; dislike
apartheid, noun
any system or caste that separates people according to race
apathy, adjective
lack of interest or emotion; uncaring; indifference
appease, verb
pacify or soothe; relieve
approbation, noun
approval; praise, consideration
appropriate, adjective
acquire; take possession of for ones own use
arduous, adjective
hard; strenuous
artless, adjective
without guile; open and honest
ascetic, adjective
practicing self-denial; austere
assiduous, adjective
diligent, persistent, hardworking
assuage, verb
to make less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
atrophy, verb
to waste away; wither or deteriorate; the wasting away of body tissue
audacious, adjective
daring; bold

austere, adjective
forbiddingly stern in appearance; severely simple and unornamented
autonomous, adjective
self-governing; independent
banal, adjective
boring; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clichd; hackneyed
belligerent, adjective
warlike, given to waging war
bemoan, verb
to express pity for
benevolent, adjective
desiring to do good to others
benign, adjective
having a kindly disposition
bilateral, adjective
pertaining to or affecting two or both sides
bolster, verb
support; reinforce
bombastic, adjective
pompous in speech and manner ; using inflated language
boorish, adjective
rude; insensitive
burnish, verb
make shiny by rubbing; polish
buttress, verb
support; prop up
capitulate, verb
to surrender unconditionally or on stipulated terms
capricious, adjective
unpredictable; fickle; changing ones mind quickly and often
castigate, verb
to punish or criticize harshly
catalyst, noun
agent that increases the rate of a chemical action; person or thing that causes action
caustic, adjective
burning; sarcastically biting
chicanery, noun
trickery; deception by means of craft or guile
circuitous, adjective
roundabout, indirect
circumscribe, verb
to draw a line around
circumspect, adjective
watchful and discreet

coagulate, verb
thicken; congeal; clot
cogent, adjective
convincing and well reasoned
commensurate, adjective
corresponding in extent, degree, etc.; proportionate
complacent, adjective
self-satisfied, unconcerned
compliant, adjective
yielding; conforming to requirements
compunction, noun
a feeling of uneasiness for doing wrong
concentric, adjective
having a common center
conciliate, verb
to placate, win over
conciliatory, adjective
reconciling; soothing
condone, verb
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
conflagration, noun
a large destructive fire
confluence, noun
merging into one
confound, verb
confuse; puzzle
congenital, adjective
existing or as such from birth
connoisseur, noun
person competent to act as a judge of art; a lover of art
contention, noun
claim; thesis
contentious, adjective
contravene, verb
to come into conflict with
contrite, adjective
feeling regret and sorrow for ones sins or offenses; penitent
conundrum, noun
riddle; difficult problem
convalescent, adjective
recovering from illness
converge, verb
approach; tend to meet; come together

convoke, verb
to call together
convoluted, adjective
intricate and complicated
corroborate, verb
to provide supporting evidence
craven, adjective
credulous, verb
too trusting; gullible
cursory, adjective
going rapidly over something; hasty; superficial
daunt, verb
intimidate; frighten
decadent, adjective
decaying; deteriorating
decorum, adjective
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners
default, verb
failure to act
deference, noun
respect; courteous regard for anothers wishes
deferential, adjective
respectful; to yield judgment to
deign, verb
to think fit or in accordance with ones dignity
delude, verb
to mislead the mind of judgment of, deceive
denigrate, verb
deride, verb
ridicule; make fun of
derision, noun
contemptuous or jeering laughter; ridicule.
derivative, noun
unoriginal; obtained from another source
desiccate, verb
to dry out thoroughly
desultory, adjective
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
deterrent, adjective
something that discourages; hindrance
dichotomy, noun
split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)

diffident, adjective
lacking or marked by a lack of self-confidence; shy and timid.
diffuse, verb
to spread widely or thinly
digression, noun
wandering away from the subject
dilatory, adjective
inclined to delay or procrastinate
dilettante, noun
someone with an amateurish and superficial interest in a topic
dirge, noun
lament with music
disabuse, verb
correct a false impression; to set right; to free from error
discerning, adjective
mentally quick and observant; having insight
discordant, adjective
not harmonious; conflicting
discredit, verb
defame; destroy confidence in; disbelieve
discrepancy, noun
lack of consistency; difference
discrete, adjective
separate; unconnected; consisting of distinct parts
disingenuous, adjective
lacking genuine candor; insincere
disinterested, adjective
disjointed, adjective
lacking coherence; separated at the joints
dismiss, verb
eliminate from consideration; reject
disparage, verb
disparate, adjective
fundamentally distinct or different in kind; entirely dissimilar
disquiet, noun
a lack of calm or peace
dissemble, verb
disguise; pretend; to disguise ones real intentions or character
disseminate, verb
distribute; spread widely; scatter (like seeds)
dissolution, noun
disintegration; looseness in morals

dissonance, noun
discord; opposite of harmony
distend, verb
to expand by stretching; swell out
distill, verb
purify; refine; concentrate
diverge, verb
vary; go in different directions from the same point
doctrine, noun
a principle or body of principles presented for acceptance or belief; dogma
document, verb
provide written evidence
dogma, noun
a firmly held opinion, often a religious belief
dogmatic, adjective
opinionated; arbitrary; doctrinal
doleful, adjective
sorrowful, mournful
dormant, adjective
sleeping; lethargic; latent
dour, adjective
sullen, gloomy
dupe, verb
to deceive; a person who is easily deceived
duplicity, noun
deceitfulness in speech or conduct; double-dealing
ebullient, adjective
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm
eclectic, adjective
selective; composed of elements from a variety of sources
efficacy, noun
effectiveness ; power to produce desired effect
effigy, noun
a dummy; a likeness or image, especially of a person.
effrontery, noun
impudence; shameless boldness; sheer nerve; presumptuousness
elicit, verb
draw out by discussion
elocution, noun
art of clear and expressive speaking
embellish, verb
adorn; ornament; enhance, as a story
empathy, noun
the identification with the feelings or thoughts of others

empirical, adjective
based on experience
emulate, verb
imitate; rival
endemic, adjective
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country
engender, verb
to produce, cause or bring about
enhance, verb
increase; improve
enigma, noun
a puzzle; a mystery
ephemeral, adjective
short-lived; fleeting
equanimity, noun
calmness of temperament; composure
equivocate, verb
lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth
erudite, adjective
learned, scholarly, bookish
eulogy, noun
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death
euphemism, noun
an inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive
exacerbate, verb
worsen; to increase bitterness or violence
execrable, adjective
exigency, noun
urgent situation; pressing needs or demands; state of requiring immediate attention
exigent, adjective
urgent; requiring immediate action
expound, verb
to set forth in detail
exult, verb
to show or feel triumphant joy
facetious, adjective
joking (often inappropriately); humorous
facilitate, verb
help bring about; make less difficult
fallacious, adjective
false; misleading
fatuous, adjective
brainless; inane; foolish, yet smug

fawning, adjective
trying to please by behaving obsequiously, flattering, or cringing
fervor, noun
glowing ardor; intensity of feeling
flag, verb
droop; grow feeble; to decline in vigor or strength
fledgling, adjective
flout, verb
reject; mock; show contempt for
foment, verb
to arouse or incite
forestall, verb
prevent by taking action in advance
fractious, adjective
irritable, peevish
frugality, noun
thrifty; economy
fusillade, noun
continuous discharge of firearms or outburst of criticism
futile, adjective
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
garrulous, adjective
loquacious; talkative; wordy
goad, verb
urge on
grandiloquent, adjective
pompous or inflated in language; bombastic; using high-sounding language
gregarious, adjective
guile, noun
deceit or trickery
guileless, adjective
without deceit
gullible, adjective
easily deceived
harangue, noun
long, passionate, and vehement speech
homogeneous, adjective
of the same kind
hyperbole, noun
exaggeration; overstatement
hypocritical, adjective
affecting virtues or qualities one does not have

idolatry, noun
worship of idols; excessive admiration
immutable, adjective
impair, verb
injure; hurt
impassive, adjective
without feeling; imperturbable; showing or feeling no emotion
impede, verb
hinder; block
impermeable, adjective
impervious; not permitting passage through its substance
imperturbable, adjective
calm; placid
impervious, adjective
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed
impetuous, adjective
quick to act without thinking
implacable, adjective
incapable of being pacified
implicit, adjective
understood but not stated
implode, verb
burst inward
inadvertently, adjective
unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly
incongruity, noun
lack of harmony; absurdity
inconsequential, adjective
insignificant; unimportant
incorporate, verb
introduce something into a larger whole; combine; unite
incursion, noun
a hostile entrance into a place
indeterminate, adjective
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
indigence, noun
indigent, adjective
experiencing want or need; impoverished.
indolence, noun
state of being lazy or slothful
induce, verb
to move or lead by influence

inert, adjective
inactive; lacking power to move
infusion, noun
liquid extract so obtained
inherent, adjective
firmly established by nature or habit
inimical, adjective
hostile, unfriendly
innocuous, adjective
insensible, adjective
unconscious; unresponsive
insidious, adjective
intended to trap or beguile
insinuate, verb
hint; imply; creep in
insipid, adjective
lacking in interest or flavor; dull
insolent, adjective
boldly rude or disrespectful
insularity, noun
narrow-mindedness; isolation
interloper, noun
someone who intrudes in the domain of others
intractable, adjective
unruly; stubborn; unyielding
intransigence, noun
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness
intransigent, adjective
refusing to agree or compromise
inundate, verb
overwhelm; flood; submerge
irascible, adjective
irritable; easily angered
irresolute, adjective
uncertain how to act; weak
itinerary, noun
plan of a trip
laconic, adjective
brief and to the point; using few words
lassitude, noun
languor; weariness
latent, adjective
potential but undeveloped; dormant; hidden

laud, verb
lethargic, adjective
drowsy; dull
levee, noun
earth or stone embankment to prevent flooding
levity, noun
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity
litigate, verb
to make the subject of a lawsuit
log, noun
record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities
loquacious, adjective
lucid, adjective
easily understood; clear; intelligible
luminous, adjective
shining; issuing light
magnanimity, noun
magnanimous, adjective
generous in forgiving an insult or injury
magnate, noun
a powerful or influential person
maladroit, adjective
clumsy, tactless
malevolent, adjective
characterized by or expressing bad will
malign, verb
to speak harmful untruths about, to slander
malingerer, noun
one who feigns illness to escape duty
malleable, adjective
capable of being shaped by pounding; impressionable
maverick, noun
rebel; nonconformist
maxim, noun
an expression of general truth or principle
mendacious, adjective
lying; habitually dishonest
metamorphosis, noun
change of form
meticulous, adjective
excessively careful; painstaking; scrupulous

mitigate, verb
to soften, to lessen
mollify, verb
to calm or make less severe; soothe
morose, adjective
ill-humored; sullen; melancholy
mundane, adjective
worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday
nascent, adjective
starting to develop
negate, verb
cancel out; nullify; deny
obdurate, adjective
stubborn, hardened in feelings; resistant to persuasion
oblique, adjective
having a slanting or sloping direction
obsequious, adjective
overly submissive and eager to please; servile; sycophantic
obsolescent, adjective
becoming obsolete
obstreperous, adjective
noisily defiant, unruly
obtuse, adjective
not sharp, pointed or acute
obviate, verb
to prevent; make unnecessary; get rid of
officious, adjective
meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering ones services
omnivorous, adjective
eating or absorbing everything
onerous, adjective
troublesome and oppressive; burdensome
opprobrium, noun
public disgrace; infamy; vilification
oscillate, verb
vibrate; waver
ostentatious, adjective
showy; pretentious; trying to attract attention
panoply , noun
a wide-ranging and impressive array or display
paragon, noun
model of excellence or perfection
partisan, adjective
one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party

pathological, adjective
pertaining to disease
paucity, noun
smallness of quantity; scarcity; scantiness
pedantic, adjective
showing off learning; bookish
penchant, adjective
strong inclination; liking
penury, noun
severe poverty; stinginess
perennial, adjective
something long-lasting
perfidious, adjective
treacherous; disloyal; willing to betray ones trust
perfunctory, adjective
superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; done in a routine way;
peripatetic, adjective
walking or traveling about; itinerant
permeable, adjective
penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through
pervasive, adjective
spread throughout
petulant, adjective
showing sudden irritation, esp. over some annoyance
philanderer, noun
one who carries on flirtations
philanthropy, noun
charity; a desire or effort to promote goodness
philology, noun
the study of literary texts to establish their authenticity and determine their meaning
phlegmatic, adjective
calm; not easily disturbed
piety, noun
devoutness; reverence for God
placate, verb
pacify; conciliate
plasticity, noun
ability to be molded
platitude, noun
trite remark; commonplace statement
plethora, noun
excess; overabundance
plummet, verb
fall sharply

porous, adjective
full of pores; like a sieve
pragmatic, adjective
practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with the practical worth or impact of something
preamble, noun
introductory statement
precarious, adjective
uncertain; risky
precipitate , adjective
adj. rash, premature, hasty, sudden
preclude, verb
to prevent the presence of
precocious, adjective
unusually advanced or mature in mental development or talent
precursor, noun
predilection, noun
preference, liking
presentiment, adjective
a feeling of anticipation over a future event
presumptuous, adjective
arrogant; taking liberties
prevaricate, verb
to lie or deviate from the truth
pristine, adjective
characteristic of earlier times; primitive; unspoiled
probity, noun
honesty; uprightness; incorruptibility
problematic, adjective
doubtful; unsettled; questionable; perplexing
prodigal, adjective
lavish; wasteful; reckless with money
profound, adjective
deep; not superficial; complete
prohibitive, adjective
tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; inclined to prevent or forbid
proliferate, verb
grow rapidly; spread; multiply
propensity, noun
natural inclination
propound, verb
to set forth for consideration
propriety, noun
correct behavior or conduct, obedience to rules and customs

proscribe, verb
to condemn as harmful or odious; ostracize; banish; outlaw
protract, verb
to prolong, draw out, extend
provident, adjective
having or showing foresight
prudence, noun
wisdom, caution or restraint
puerile, adjective
childish, immature
pugnacious, verb
to quarrel or fight readily
punctilious, adjective
strict or exact in the observance of formalities
pungent, adjective
stinging; sharp in taste or smell; caustic
pusillanimous, adjective
lacking courage or resolution
qualified, adjective
limited; restricted
querulous, adjective
full of complaints
quibble, noun
minor objection or complaint
quiescence, noun
n. the condition of being at rest, still, inactive
quiescent, adjective
adj. at rest; dormant; temporarily inactive; motionless
rarefied, adjective
made less dense (of a gas)
recalcitrant, adjective
obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly
recant, verb
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error
recluse, noun
hermit; loner
recumbent, adjective
lying down; reclining; leaning
refute, verb
rejoinder, verb
to reply, retort
relegate, verb
banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign

remonstrate, verb
to say or plead in protest, objection, or reproof
reprehensible, adjective
deserving rebuke or censure; blameworthy.
reprisals, noun
retaliation against an enemy
reproach, verb
express disapproval or disappointment
reprobate, noun
person hardened in sin; wicked person; devoid of a sense of decency
repudiate, verb
disown; disavow; to reject the validity of
resolution, noun
resolve, verb
to make a firm decision about
reticent, adjective
silent; reserved; uncommunicative; inclined to silence
reverent, adjective
respectful; worshipful
sage, noun
person celebrated for wisdom
salient, adjective
prominent or conspicuous
salubrious, adjective
conducive or favorable to health or well-being
sanction, noun
approve; ratify
satiate, verb
satisfy fully
saturate, verb
soak thoroughly
savor, verb
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality
secrete, verb
hide away or cache; produce and release a substance
sedition, noun
incitement of discontent or rebellion against a government
skeptic, adjective
doubter; person who suspends judgment until having examined evidence supporting a point of view
sociopath, noun
a person whose behavior is antisocial and who lacks a sense of moral responsibility
solicitous, adjective
worried; concerned

soporific, adjective
sleep-causing; lethargy; marked by sleepiness
specious, adjective
having the ring of truth or plausibility but actually fallacious)
spectrum, noun
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism
sporadic, adjective
occurring irregularly
stigma, noun
a mark of shame or discredit
stint , verb
to restrict or limit, as in amount or number; be sparing with
stipulate, verb
to lay down as a condition of an agreement; require by contract
stolid, adjective
dull; impassive; unemotional; lacking sensitivity
strut, verb
walk pompously wal
subjugate, verb
to conquer
subpoena, noun
a writ requiring appearance in court to give testimony
subside, verb
settle down; descend; grow quiet
substantiate, verb
establish by evidence; verify; support
subterfuge, noun
an artifice or expedient used to evade a rule
supercilious, adjective
arrogant, haughty, condescending
supersede, verb
cause to be set aside; replace; make obsolete
supplicate, verb
to make humble and earnest entreaty
supposition, noun
hypothesis; surmise
tacit, adjective
understood; not put into words
taciturn, adjective
silent, not talkative
tangential, adjective
peripheral; only slightly connected; digressing
tenable, adjective
capable of being held, maintained or defended

tenacious, adjective
holding fast; holding or tending to hold persistently to something
tirade, noun
extended scolding; denunciation; harangue
torpor, noun
lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy
tortuous, adjective
winding; full of curves
tractable, adjective
docile; easily managed or controlled
transcendent, adjective
going beyond ordinary limits
transgression, noun
violation of a law; sin
truculence, noun
aggressiveness; ferocity
vacillate, verb
waver; fluctuate
venerate, verb
veracity, noun
filled with trust and accuracy
verbose, adjective
verity, noun
viable, adjective
practical or workable
vicarious, adjective
performed, exercised, received or suffered in place of another
vilify, verb
to slander, to defame
viscous, adjective
sticky, gluey
vituperative, adjective
abusive; scolding
vociferous, adjective
crying out noisily
volatile, adjective
changeable; explosive; evaporation rapidly
volition, noun
free choice, free will; act of choosing
voracious, adjective
having a great appetite

warranted, adjective
justified; authorized
wary, adjective
very cautious
whimsical, adjective
capricious; fanciful
zealot, noun
fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal