Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 20

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN KIMIA


CHEMICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY IV
(CPE613)

NAME
STUDENT I.D
EXPERIMENT
DATE PERFORMED
SEMESTER
PROGRAM
SUBMIT TO

No.
1
2
3
4

Title
Procedure
Process Flow Diagram (PFD)
Workbook/Stream Summary
Questions & Discussions
TOTAL MARKS

: MOHAMMAD AMIRUL ASSYRAF


MOHAMMAD NOOR
: 2012805802
: PRODUCTION OF ETHYL CHLORIDE
: 28/10/2014
:5
: EH220
: MDM NORASMAH MOHAMMED MANSHOR

Allocated Marks (%)

Marks

10
20
30
40
100

Remarks:

Checked by:

Rechecked by:

------------------------------(NOORSUHANA MOHD YUSOF)


Date:

----------------------------------)
Date:

1.0 PROCEDURE

1.1 The experiment was using iCON software.


1.2 The New Project button was selected to start a new iCON case.
1.3 When iCON was activated an initialization, the property package window as shown
in Figure A was prompted.

FIGURE 1
1) To activate the property package :
i.
All Property Package was selected from the Chemical System Categories to
enable all possible property packages.
ii.
The desired Thermodynamic Model was selected. For this problem, Advance
Peng-Robinson was chosen from the Thermodynamic Model drop-down list.
iii. Hit the Apply button to acknowledge the selection.

Adding Components:
1) The Components tab was clicked on to add the components. On the Pure Compound
Search tab, the HCL, Ethylene, Nitrogen and Ethyl chloride was added to the system.
2) To add the necessary components:
i.
Type the components name or formula (HCL, Ethylene, Nitrogen and Ethyl
chloride) in the Compound box.
ii.
From the given list of available components of similar name, double click the
required components.
iii. This will automatically send the selected components to the Selected Compounds
box.
3) The Apply button was clicked to acknowledge the selection without leaving the
thermodynamics property package environment.
4) Leaved the thermodynamics property package environment by clicked the OK button.
Building the Simulation:

The VisioPFD method was chosen in order to develop the model by creating and
connecting by using the unit operations icons from the stencil palette.

STEP 1: Draw the S1. Double click on the stream to rename it to S1 and fill the
information in the Material Box with the temperature 25C, pressure 101.325 kPa with
the mole composition of HCL is 0.5, Ethylene 0.48, and Nitrogen 0.02. Key in also the
flow rate of the mixtures which is 100kmole/hr. Click enters to go to the next step.

FIGURE 2

STEP 2: The conversion reactor was chosen to connect with S1. Inserted the data for summary
column where Main data for conversion 0.9 was situated. Then go to reaction column filled in
the information. Such as reaction order and stoichiometric coefficient for the each component.

FIGURE 3

FIGURE 4

STEP 3: Then create S2 to connect with conversion reactor. Double click on the stream to put the
information.

FIGURE 5

STEP 4 : The component splitter was chosen.

FIGURE 6

FIGURE 7

STEP 5 : S3 was created. The information was filled inside the table.

FIGURE 8

STEP 6 : S4 was created and the information needed was filled.

FIGURE 9

STEP 7 : the mixer was selected to connect with S4

FIGURE 11

STEP 10 : S6 was created.

FIGURE 12

STEP 11 : this is recycle stream

FIGURE 13

STEP 12 : the mixer was selected to connect stream S5 and S1 to stream 7.

2.0 PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM

3.0 SUMMARY TABLE

Name

S1

S2

S3

S4

R-1.Out

CSP-1.Out1

CSP-1.Out0

M-1.In0

CSP-1.In0

Description
Upstream Op
Downstream Op

SP-1.In

VapFrac

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

T [C]

25.0

25.0

25.0

25.0

101.325

101.325

101.325

101.325

P [kPa]
MoleFlow/Composition

Fraction

kgmole/h

Fraction

kgmole/h

Fraction

kgmole/h

Fraction

kgmole/h

HYDROGEN CHLORIDE

0.5000

50.00

0.11972

6.80

0.0000

0.00

0.5000

6.80

ETHYLENE

0.4800

48.00

0.08451

4.80

0.0000

0.00

0.35294

4.80

NITROGEN

0.0200

2.00

0.03521

2.00

0.0000

0.00

0.14706

2.00

ETHYL CHLORIDE

0.0000

0.00

0.76056

43.20

1.0000

43.20

0.0000

0.00

1.00

100.00

1.00

56.80

1.00

43.20

1.00

13.60

Total
Mass Flow [kg/h]
Volume Flow [m3/hr]
Std Liq Volume Flow [m3/hr]
Std Gas Volume Flow [SCMD]

3225.61

3225.61

2787.00

438.61

2431.371

1363.155

1030.148

331.017

8.503

4.175

3.089

1.086

5.6857E+4

3.2295E+4

2.4562E+4

7.7325E+3

Energy [W]

2.626E+5

2.061E+5

1.711E+5

3.492E+4

H [kJ/kmol]

9453.5

13064.4

14255.9

9243.7

184.979

221.337

227.159

183.658

S [kJ/kmol-K]
MW

32.26

56.79

64.51

32.25

Mass Density [kg/m3]

1.3267

2.3663

2.7054

1.3251

Cp [kJ/kmol-K]

36.025

57.508

64.901

34.213

Thermal Conductivity [W/m-K]

0.0178

0.0125

0.0114

0.0181

Viscosity [Pa-s]

1.2475E-5

1.0341E-5

9.7921E-6

1.3286E-5

Molar Volume [m3/kmol]

24.314

23.999

23.846

24.339

Z Factor

0.9939

0.9812

0.9749

0.9950

Surface Tension
Speed of Sound

Name

S5

S6

S7

SP-1.Out1

SP-1.Out0

M-1.Out

Description
Upstream Op
Downstream Op

M-1.In1

R-1.In

VapFrac

1.00

1.00

1.00

T [C]

25.0

25.0

25.0

101.325

101.325

101.325

P [kPa]
MoleFlow/Composition
HYDROGEN CHLORIDE

Fraction

kgmole/h

Fraction

kgmole/h

Fraction

kgmole/h

0.5000

1.80

0.5000

5.00

0.5000

50.00

ETHYLENE

0.35294

1.27

0.35294

3.53

0.4800

48.00

NITROGEN

0.14706

0.53

0.14706

1.47

0.0200

2.00

0.0000

0.00

0.0000

0.00

0.0000

0.00

1.00

3.60

1.00

10.00

1.00

100.00

ETHYL CHLORIDE
Total
Mass Flow [kg/h]

116.10

322.51

3225.61

Volume Flow [m3/hr]

87.622

243.395

2431.371

0.288

0.799

8.503

Std Liq Volume Flow [m3/hr]


Std Gas Volume Flow [SCMD]

2.0468E+3

5.6857E+3

5.6857E+4

Energy [W]

9.244E+3

2.568E+4

2.626E+5

H [kJ/kmol]

9243.7

9243.7

9453.5

183.658

183.658

184.979

S [kJ/kmol-K]
MW

32.25

32.25

32.26

Mass Density [kg/m3]

1.3251

1.3251

1.3267

Cp [kJ/kmol-K]

34.213

34.213

36.025

Thermal Conductivity [W/m-K]

0.0181

0.0181

0.0178

Viscosity [Pa-s]

1.3286E-5

1.3286E-5

1.2475E-5

Molar Volume [m3/kmol]

24.339

24.339

24.314

Z Factor

0.9950

0.9950

0.9939

Surface Tension
Speed of Sound

4.0 QUESTIONS AND DISCUSSION


4.1 what are the mole fraction for each component at the effluent of the reactor?
Hydrogen chloride
Ethylene
Nitrogen
Ethylene chloride

= 0.11972
= 0.08451
= 0.03521
= 0.76056

4.2 What is the flow rate of the recycle stream?


The flow rate of recycle stream is 3.60 kgmole/h
4.3 What is the flow rate of the final product after recycling.
The flow rate of the final product after recycling is 100 kgmole/h
This experiment is about the production ethyl chloride by the gas-phase reaction of HCl with
ethylene over a copper chloride catalyst on silica. The main objectives of this experiment are to
install and converge a conversion reactor, to simulate a process involving reaction and separation
and to use Recycle operation in iCON. In this process, 50 mol% of HCl, 48 mol% of C2H4 and 2
mol% of N2 were fed at 100 kmol/hr and 1 atm. Peng-Robinson equation of state was chosen as
the fluid package and no pressure drop was assumed in all equipment.
Then, the entire component is fed to a conversion reactor where 90% conversion was achieved.
Initially, the mole fraction for each component at the effluent of the catalytic reactor is 0.08451
of ethylene, 0.11972 of HCl, 0.76056 of ethyl chloride and 0.03521 of nitrogen.

RECOMMENDATION
In order to run the HYSYS software, students should follow the below:

Students should be fully understand the concept of the equipment used in HYSYS

Students should read properly and understand the manual laboratory before run the
HYSYS Software to solve the problem

Students should now familiar know using the HYSIS software

While inserting the value in the spreadsheet make sure that the value is correct so justified
answer can be obtained