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This bibliography is far from complete; it is meant only as an aid to graduate students at the
University of Illinois who wish to prepare a field in military history for the preliminary
A candidate for a major field in military history should command roughly 70 volumes, while 35
volumes is a useful rule of thumb for those pursuing a minor field. Please prepare a personal
bibliography of the works for which you intend to be responsible, and discuss it with your
advisor. Items printed in bold type on this list are particularly suggested for inclusion on a
reading list for a major in the field.
Simply reading a series of books does not constitute an adequate preparation for the examinations.
A knowledge of fact is necessary but not sufficient. Through reading, coursework, and
discussions with other graduate students and faculty you are to identify and probe the major
historigraphical issues and debates in military history.
Your four-hour written preliminary examination in military history will be divided into three
sections, each containing three questions. The three sections break down as follows: ancient and
medieval (to 1500), early modern (1500-1815), and late modern (1815-1982). A student pursuing
a major field must answer one question in each section. Someone choosing military history as a
minor field must answer one question from the late modern section and any other two other
questions on the examination, provided that not all three answers come from the late modern
section. This gives those with a minor field in military history the option of not preparing in the
ancient and medieval time periods if they so choose. For both major and minor fields, at least one
question must contain an extensive discussion of the historiography of the issue discussed.
We advise that those who wish to prepare a major field in military history and who have not taken
an undergraduate survey course in the field audit History 281-282, War, Military Institutions, and
Society, before taking the preliminary examinations.


Albion, Robert G., Naval and Maritime History: An Annotated Bibliography (1972).
Bird, Keith W. German Naval History: Guide to the Literature (1985).
Bruce, Anthony. A Bibliography of British Military History from the Roman Invasion to the
Restoration, 1660 (1981).
--------------. A Bibliography of the British Army, 1660-1914 (1984).
Coletta, Paola E. A Bibliography of American Naval History (1981).
Commission internationale d'histoire militaire compare. Bibliographie internationale d'histoire
militaire (Covering recent works; yearly publication since 1978).
Falls, Cyril. War Books: An Annotated Bibliography of Books about the Great War (1989).
Floyd Dale E. The World Bibliography of Armed Land Conflict from Waterloo to World War I,
2 vols. (1979).
Heggory, Alf Andrew and John M. Harr. The Military in Imperial History: The French
Connection (1989).

Higham, Robbin, ed. A Guide to the Sources of British Military History (1971).
------------------. Official Histories (1970).
------------------. A Guide to the Sources of United States Military History (1975).
------------------ and Donald J. Mrozek. A Guide to the Sources of United States Military History:
Supplement I (1981).
---------------------------------------. A Guide to the Sources of United States Military History:
Supplement II (1986).
Homze, Edward L. German Military Aviation: A Guide to the Literature (?).
Jessup, John E. and Robert W. Coakley. Guide to the Study and Use of Military History (1979).
Kondo, Shinj. Japanese Military History: A Guide to the Literature (1984).
Lang, Kurt. Military Institutions and the Sociology of War (1972).
Lynn, John and George Satterfield. A Guide to Sources in Early Modern European Military
History in Midwestern Research Libraries (1991 and 1993).
Millett, Allan R. and B. Franklin Cooling. Doctoral Dissertations in Military Affairs (1972) and
Journal of Military History (1989-present).
Ross, Steven. French Military History, 1660-1799: A Guide to the Literature (1984).
Showalter, Dennis E. German Military History, 1648-1982: A Critical Bibliography (1983).
Wallach, Jehuda L. Israeli Military History: A Guide to the Sources (1983).


Banks, Arthur. A World Atlas of Military History, vol. 1 (1973).
Bodard, Gaston. Militr-historisches Kriegs-Lexikon (1618-1905) (1905).
Dupuy, R. Ernest and Trevor Dupuy. The Encyclopedia of Military History (1970).
Effenberger, David. A Dictionary of Battles (1966).
Esposito, Vincent J. The West Point Atlas of American Wars, 2 vols. (1959).
------------------- and John Elting. A Military History and Atlas of the Napoleonic Wars, (1964).
Harbottle, T. B., revised by George Bruce. Harbottle'sDictionary of Battles, 3rd ed. (1979).
Sloan, John F. The International Military Encyclopedia, ? vols. (1983- ).
Windrow, Martin and Francis K. Mason. A Concise Dictionary of Military Biography (1975).


Armed Forces and Society.
Journal of Strategic Studies.
Journal of Military History (after 1989).
Militrgeschichliche Mitteilungen.
Military Affairs (to 1989).
MHQ, Military History Quarterly.
Naval Institute Preceedings.
Revue historique de larme.
War and History.
War and Society.
Revue internationale d'histoire militaire.
Royal United Service Institute Journal.


Coffman, Edward M. The New American Military History, Military Affairs 48 (January,
1984), pp. 1-5.
Corvisier, Andr. Research in Military History in France: The Application of Data Processing
Techniques, War and Society I (September, 1983), pp. 21-35.
Gilbert, Felix. From Clausewitz to Delbruck to Hinze: Achievements and Failures of Military
History, Journal of Strategic Studies 3 (December, 1980), pp. 11-20.

Gordon, Martin K. American Military Studies, American Studies International 15 (Fall, 1976),
pp. 3-16.
Howard, Michael. The Use and Abuse of Military History, Parameters 11 (March 1981),
pp. 9-14.
Kaegi, Walter Emile. The Crisis in Military Historiography, Armed Forces and Society (winter
1981), pp. 299-316.
Karsten, Peter, The New American Military History: A Map of the Territory, Explored and
Unexplored, American Quarterly 36 (Fall, 1984), pp. 389-418.
Keegan, John. The Face of Battle (1976), pp. 15-78.
Kohn, Richard. The Social History of the American Soldier: A Review and Prospecuts for
Research, American Historical Review 86 (June 1981), pp. 553-67.
Lynn, John A. On Military History, Swords and Ploughshares, March 1987, pp. 10-13.
Millett, Allan. American Military History: Over the Top, in The State of American History, ed.
Herbert J. Bass (1970), pp. 157-182.
-------------- American Military History: Clio and Mars as `Pards'.
--------------. American Military History: Struggling Through the Wire, ACTA, International
Commission of Military History, no. 2 (1975), pp. 173-180.
Military Affairs. Fortieth Anniversary Issue (April 1977).
Paret, Peter. The History of War, Daedalus (spring, 1971),
pp. 376-396.
Ropp, Theodore. War: From Colonies to Vietnam, in W. H. Cartwright and Richard L Watson,
Jr. ed., The Reinterpretation of American History and Culture (1973), pp. 207-226.
Rosof, Patricia et al. The Military and Society: Review of Recent Research (1982).
Showalter, Dennis E. A Modest Plea for Drums and Trumpets, Military Affairs (April 1975),
pp. 71-74.
Shy, John. The American Military Experience: History and Learning, Journal of
Interdisciplinary History, 1:2 (winter, 1971), pp. 38-72.
Wilson, Stephen. For a Socio-Historical Approach to the Study of Western Military Culture,
Armed Forces and Society (summer 1980), pp. 527-552.
Weigley, Russel, ed. New Dimensions in Military History (1975).


Carrias, Eugne. La pense militaire franaise (1960).
Clausewitz, Karl von. On War, ed. Michael Howard and Peter Paret (1976).
Dyer, Gwynne. War (1985).
Ferril, A. The Origins of War (1985).
Hart, B. H. Liddell. Strategy: The Indirect Approach (1954).
McNeill, William. The Pursuit of Power (1982).
Jomini, Antoine Henri. The Art of War (recent reprint of 1862 edition).
Levy, Jack S. War in the Modern Great Power System (1983).
Luttwak, Edward. Strategy: The Logic of War and Peace (1987).
O'Connell, Robert L. Of Arms and Men (1989).
Nef, John U. War and Human Progress (1968).
Paret, Peter. Clausewitz and the State (1976).
------------, ed. Makers of Modern Strategy (1986).
Phillips, T. R., ed. Roots of Strategy (1940).
Ralston, David. Importing the European Army (1990).
Rasler, Karen A. and William R. Thompson. War and State Making: The Shaping of the Global
Powers (1989).
Sun Tzu. The Art of War, trans. Samuel Griffith (1963).
Tilly, Charles. Coercion, Capital, and the Rise of the State (1990).
Tilly, Charles, ed. The Formation of National States in Western Europe (1975).
Wright, Quincy. A Study of War, 2 vols. (1965).


Kellett, Anthony. Combat Motivation (1982).
Marshall, S.L.A. Men Against Fire (1947).
Millett, Allan R. and Williamson Murray. Military Effectiveness, 3 vols. (1988).
Moran, Lord. The Anatomy of Courage (1945).
Moskos, Charles. The American Enlisted Man (1970).
Sarkesian, Sam, ed. Combat Effectiveness (1980).
Stouffer, S.A. et al. The American Soldier (1949).


Brodie, Bernard and Fawn Brodie. From Crossbow to H Bomb (1962).
Duffy, Christopher. Fire and Stone: The Science of Fortress Warfare (London: 1975).
------------------. The Fortress in the Age of Vauban and Frederick the Great, 1660-1789. Siege
Warfare Volume II (London: 1985).
------------------. Siege Warfare: The Fortress in the Early Modern World
(London: 1979).
Hogg, Ian. Fortress: A History of Military Defence (1975).
Hughes, B.P. Firepower Weapons' Effectiveness on the Battlefield 1630-1850 (1974).
Hughes, Quentin. Military Architecture (1975).
Lynn, John A., ed. Feeding Mars (1993).
---------------------. Tools of War (1990).
Oakeshott, R. Ewart. The Archaeology of Weapons: Arms and Armor from Prehistory to the Age
of Chivalry (1960).
Pepper, Simon and Nicolas Adams, Firearms and Fortifications (Chicago: 1986).
Snodgrass, A.M. Arms and Armor of the Greeks (1967).
Van Creveld, Martin. Supplying War: Logistics from Wallenstein to Patton
-------------------. Technology and War (1989).


Addington, Larry H. The Patterns of War since the Eighteenth Century (1984).
Corvisier, Andr. Histoire militaire de la France, 4 vols. (1992). [vol. 1, medieval -1715; vol. 2,
Creasy, Sir Edward. The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World (1894).
Delbruck, Hans. History of the Art of War, 4 vols. (1975-82).
Fuller, J.F.C. A Military History of the Western World, 3 vols. (1954-1956).
Howard, Michael. War in European History (1976).
Jones, Archer. The Art of War in the Western World (1987).
Keegan, John. The Face of Battle (1976).
Montross, Lynn. War Through the Ages (1960).
Preston, Richard A. and Sydney F. Wise. Men in Arms, 4th ed. (1979).
Ropp, Theodore. War in the Modern World (1965).
Strachan, Hew. European Armies and the Conduct of War (1983).


Adcock, F. E. The Roman Art of War (1963).
Anderson, J.K. The Art of War in the Age of Xenophon (1970).
Anderson, R. Oared Fighting Ships (1962).
Badian, E. Foreign Clientelae (1958).
---------. Roman Imperialism in the Late Republic (1967).

Brand, E. E. Roman Military Law (1968).

Brunt, P. A. The Fall of the Roman Republic and Related Essays (1988).
-----------. Italian Manpower, 225 B.C. - 14 A.D. (1971).
Buckler, John. The Theban Hegemony (1980).
Burn, A.R. Persia and the Greeks: The Defense of the West, 546-478 B.C. (1962).
Campbell, J. B. The Emperor and the Roman Army: 31 B.C.-A.D. 235 (1984).
Cheesman, G. L. The Auxilia of the Roman Imperial Army (1914).
Connolly, P. Greece and Rome at War (1981).
Delbruck, Hans. History of the Art of War Within the Framework of Political History, vol. I,
Antiquity, trans. Walter J. Renfroe (1975).
DeRomilly, J. Thucydides and Athenian Imperialism (1965).
Engels, D. Alexander the Great and the Logistics of the Macedonian Army ( ).
Ferrill, Arthur. The Fall of the Roman Empire: The Military Explanation (1986).
Gabba, E. Republican Rome: The Army and the Allies, trans. P. J. Cuff (1976).
Garlan, Y. War in the Ancient World, trans. J. Lloyd (1975)
Garnsey, P. D. A. and L. R. Whittaker, Imperialism in the Ancient World (1978).
Griffith, G. T. The Mercenaries of the Hellenistic World (1935).
Hanson, Victor. Warfare and Agriculture in Ancient Greece (1983).
------------------. The Western Way of Warfare (1991).
Harmand, J. L'Arme et le soldat Rome (1967).
Harris, M. V. War and Imperialism in Republican Rome (1979).
Jordan, B. The Athenian Navy in the Classical Period (1975).
Keppie, L. The Making of the Roman Army: From Republic to Empire (1984).
Luttwak, Edward. The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire (1976).
Nicolet, Claude. Tributum (1976).
---------------. The World of the Citizen in Republican Rome, trans. P. S. Falla (1980).
Parke, H. W. Greek Mercenary Soldiers ( ).
Parker, H. M. D. The Roman Legion (1928).
Pritchett, W. Kendrick. The Greek State at War, 4 vols. (1971-74), (selected
Rich, J. W. Declaring War in the Roman Republic in the Period of Transmarine Expansion
Saddington, D. B. The Development of the Roman Auxiliary Forces from Ceasar to Vespasian
Smith, R. E. Service in the Post-Marian Army (1958).
Snodgrass, A.M. Arms and Armor of the Greeks (1967).
Speidel, M. Roman Army Studies (1984).
Starr, Chester G. The Influence of Sea-Power on Ancient History (1989).
----------------. The Roman Imperial Navy (1960).
Tarn, W. W. Hellenistic Military and Naval Developments (1930).
Thucydides. The Peloponnesian Wars.
Watson, G.R. The Roman Soldier (1969).
Webster, Graham. The Roman Imperial Army, 3rd ed. (1985).
Wilcken, Ulrich, Alexander the Great, trans. G. C. Richards (1967).
Yadin, Yigael. The Art of Warfare in Biblical Lands in the Light of Archaeological Study, 2 vols.
Students should be acquainted with important commentaries:
Briscoe, J. A Commentary on Livy Books XXXI-XXXIII (1973).
Gomme, A. W. A Historical Commentary on Thucydides, 5 vols.(1945-80).
How, W. W. and J. Wells. A Commentary on Herodotus, 2 vols. (1957 reprint).
Lipovsky, J. A Historical Study of Livy, Books VI-X (1981).
Ogilvie, R. M. A Commentary on Livy, Books 1-5 (1965).
Walbank, F. F. A Historical Commentary on Polybius, 3 vols. (1957-1979).

N.B., Professor Mitchell requests that students approach the examinations in ancient military
history with certain themes in mind. Students should examine the ties between citizenship and the
military role in the ancient world. They should be able to discuss the organization and tactics of
phalanx and legion, and how these related to politics and society. They sould be able to discuss
the military foundations for the rise and fall of empire in Greece and, particularly, in Rome.
Students should also inquire into the nature of the sources, and the degree to which they allow for
historical conclusions.
For these purposes, the following articles in bold type should be read:
Bell, M. J. V. Tactical Reforms in the Roman Republican Army, Historia 14
(1965), 404-22..
Boren, H. C. Studies Relating to the Stipendium militum, Historia 32 (1983).
Cartledge, P. Hoplites and Heroes: Spartas's Contribution to the Technique of
Ancient Warfare, Journal of Hellenic Studies, xcvii (1977), 11-27.
Chiver, G. E. F. The Army in Politics AD 68-70, Journal of Roman Studies,
XLVII (1957).
Detienne, M. La Phalange: probmes et controverses, in J. P. Vernant, ed.
Problmes de la guerre en Grce ancienne (1968).
Effenterre, H. van. Clisthne et les msures de mobilisation, Revue des tudes grecques 89
Frost, F. The Athenian Military before Cleisthenes, Historia 33 (1984).
Holladay, A.J. Hoplites and Heresies, Journal of Hellenic Studies, cii (1982).
Last, Hugh. The Servian Reforms, Journal of Roman Studies, XXXV (1945).
MacMullen, R. The Legion as a Society, Historia 33 (1984).
Momigliano, A. Some Observations on Causes of War in Ancient Historiography, Studies in
Histroiography (1975).
Nilsson, Martin P. The Introduction of Hoplite Tactics at Rome: Its Dates and
its Consequences, Journal of Roman Studies, XIX (1929).
Salmon, J. Political Hoplites?, Journal of Hellenic Studies, cii (1982).
Shatzman, I. The Roman General's Authority over Booty, Historia 21 (1972).
Snodgrass, A. M. The Hoplite Reform and History, Journal of Hellenic
Studies, lxxxv (1965), 110-22.
Sumner, G. V. The Legion and the Centuriate Organization, Journal of Roman
Studies, LX (1970), 67-78.


Bachrach, Bernard S. Merovingian Military Organization 481-751 (1972).
Beeler, John. Warfare in Feudal Europe, 730-1200 (1971).
------------. Warfare in England, 1066-1189 (1966).
Contamine, Philippe. Guerre, tat et socit la fin du moyen age (1972).
-------------------. War in the Middle Ages, trans. Michael Jones, excellent
bibliography (1984).
Hollister, C.W. Anglo-Saxon Military Institutions (1962).
Keefe, T. K. Feudal Assessments and the Political Community under Henry II and His Sons
Lot, Ferdinand. L'art militaire et les armes au moyen age en Europe et dans le proche orient
Oman, Sir Charles. The Art of War in the Middle Ages, 378-1515 (1960).
-----------------. A History of the Art of War in the Middle Ages, 2 vols. (1924).
Seward, Desmond. The Hundred Years War (1982).
Smail, R.C. Crusading Warfare, 1097-1193 (1967).


Anderson, M.S. War and Society in Europe of the Old Regime, 1618-1789 (1988).
Bayley, C.C. War and Society in Renaissance Florence (1961).
Black, Jeremy. A Military Revolution? Military Change and European Society, 1550-1800
-------------, ed. The Origins of War in Early Modern Europe (1987).
Chandler, David. The Art of War in the Age of Marlborough (1976).
Childs, John. Armies and Warfare in Europe, 1648-1789 (1982).
Cipolla, Carlo. Guns and Sails in the Early Phase of European Expansion, 1400-1700 (1965).
Clark, G. N. War and Society in the Seventeenth Century (1958).
Corvisier, Andr. Armies and Societies in Europe, 1494-1789 (1979).
Duffy, M., ed. The Military Revolution and the State, 1500-1800 (Exeter:1980).
Gutman, Myron P. War and Rural Life in the Early Modern Low Countries (1980).
Hale, J.R. Sixteenth Century Explanations of War and Violence, Past and Present 51 (1971).
---------. War and Society in Renaissance Europe, 1450-1620 (1985).
Mallett, Michael. Mercenaries and Their Masters: Warfare in Renaissance Italy (1974).
Oman, Sir Charles. History of the Art of War in the Sixteenth Century (1937).
Parker, Geoffrey. The Army of Flanders and the Spanish Road,1567-1659
----------------. The Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the
West, 1500-1800 (1988).
Perjs, G. Army Provisioning, Logistics and Strategy in the Second Half of the
17th Century, Acta Historica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 16, nr.
1-2 (1970).
Redlich, Fritz. De praeda militari: Looting and Booty 1500-1815, supplement 39, Vieteljahrschrift
fr Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte (1956).
Roberts, Michael. Gustavus Adolphus: A History of Sweden, 1611-1632, 2 v o l s .
----------------. The Military Revolution, 1560-1660 (1956).
Rothenberg, Gunther E. The Art of Warfare in the Age of Napoleon (1978).
Tallett, Frank. War and Society in Early-Modern Europe, 1495-1715 (1992).


Best, Geoffrey. War and Society in Revolutionary Europe, 1770-1870 (1982).
Bond, Brian. War and Society in Europe, 1870-1970 (1986).
Collier, Basil. A History of Air Power (1974).
Falls, Cyril B. A Hundred Years of War, 1850-1950 (1962).
Fuller, J.F.C. The Conduct of War, 1789-1961 (1961).
Marwick, Arthur J. War and Social Change in the Twentieth Century: A Comparative Study of
Britain, France, Germany, Russia, and the United States (1975).
McElwee, William. The Art of War Waterloo to Mons (1974).
Nickerson, Hoffman. The Armed Horde, 1793-1939: A Study of the Rise, Survival, and Decline
of the Mass Army (1940).
Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War (1961).


Barnett, Correlli. The Swordbearers: Supreme Command in the First World War
Falls, Cyril. The Great War (1959).

Ferro, Marc. The Great War, 1914-1918 (1973).

Frost, H.H. The Battle of Jutland (1936).
Fussell, Paul. The Great War in Modern Memory (1975).
Hart, B.H. Liddell. The Real War, 1914-1918 (1964).
Horne, Alistair. The Price of Glory: Verdun 1916 (1962).
Joll, James. The Origins of World War I (1984).
Ritter, Gerhard. The Schlieffen Plan: Critique of a Myth (1968).
Travers, Tim. The Killing Ground (1987).


Bartov, Omer. Hitlers Army: Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich
Calvocoressi, Peter and Guy Wint. Total War (1972).
Churchill, Winston. The Second World War, 6 vols. (1948-1953).
Clark, Alan. Barbarossa: The Russian-German Conflict, 1941-1945
Galland, Adolf. The First and the Last: The Rise and the Fall of the German Fighter Forces, 19381945 (1969)
Guderian, Heinz. Panzer Leader (1967).
Hart, B.H. Liddell. History of the Second World War (1970).
Hastings, Max. Bomber Command (1979).
Keegan, John. The Times Atlas of World War II (1989).
Lewin, Ronald. Ultra Goes to War (1978).
Lyons, Michael J. World War II: A Short History (1989). Contains a useful and up to date
annotated bibliography.
Morison, Samuel Eliot. The Two-Ocean War (1963).
Murray, Williamson. The Change in the European Balance of Power, 1938-1939: The Path to
Ruin (1984)
Spector, Ron. Eagle against the Sun (1985).
Taylor, Telford. The March of Conquest (1958).
Toland, John. The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945 (1970).
Webster, Sir Charles and Noble Frankland. The Strategic Air Offensive Against Germany 19391945, 4 vols. (1961).
Werth, Alexander. Russia at War, 1941-1945 (1964).
Weinberg, Gerhard L. A World at Arms: A Global History of World War II
(Cambridge: 1994).
Wilmot, Chester. The Struggle for Europe (1952).


Asprey, Robert. War in the Shadows, 2 vols. (1975).
Brodie, Bernard. Strategy in the Missile Age (1959).
Fall, Bernard. Street Without Joy (1963).
Fehrenbach, T.R. This Kind of War (1963).
Herzog, Chaim. The Arab-Israel Wars (1982).
Horne, Alistair. A Savage War of Peace: Algeria, 1954-1962 (1977).
Luttwak, Edward and D. Horowitz. The Israeli Army (1975).
Kaufman, Burton. The Korean War (1986).
Karnow, Stanley. Vietnam: A History (1983).
Krepinevich, Andrew. The Army and Vietnam (1986).
Martin, Laurence, ed. Strategic Thought in the Nuclear Age (1979).
Middlebrook, Martin. Task Force: The Falklands War, 1982 (1987).
Palmer, Dave. Summons of the Trumpet (1978).
Rees, David. Korea: The Limited War (1964).

Summers, Harry G. On Strategy: A Critical Analysis of the Vietnam War (1982).

Thompson, W. Scott and Donaldson D. Frizell, eds. The Lessons of Vietnan (1977).


Albion, R. G. Forests and Sea Power: The Timber Problem of the Royal Navy, 1652-1862
Bamford, P.W. Forests and French Sea Power, 1660-1789 (1956).
Baugh, Daniel A. British Naval Administration in the Age of Walpole (1965).
Guilmartin, John F. Gunpowder and Galleys: Changing Technology and
Mediterranean Warfare at Sea in the Sixteenth Century (Cambridge: 1974).
Keegan, John. The Price of Admiralty (1988).
Lewis, Michael. History of the British Navy (1959).
--------------. A Social History of the British Navy, 1793-1815 (1960).
Mahan, Alfred Thayer. The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660-1789
Marder, Arthur J. The Anatomy of British Seapower: A History of British Naval Power in the
Pre-Dreadnought Era, 1880-1905 (1964).
----------------. From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow: The Royal Navy in the Fisher Era, 19041915, 6 vols. (1961-1971).
Mattingly, Garrett. The Defeat of the Spanish Armada (1962).
Morison, Samuel Eliot. The Two-Ocean War (1963).
Padfield, Peter. The Battleship Era (1972).
Parker, Geoffrey and Colin Martin. The Spanish Armada (1988).
Potter, E.B., et al. Sea Power, 2nd ed. (1981).
Reynolds, Clark. Command of the Sea (1974).
Schurman, D.M. The Education of a Navy: The Development of British Naval Stragegic Thought,
1867-1914 (1965).
Sumida, Jon. In Defence of Naval Supremacy: Finance, Technology, and British Naval Policy,
1889-1914 (1989).


Corvisier, Andr. Histoire militaire de la France, 4 vols. (1992).

Baxter, Douglas Clark. Servants of the Sword: French Intendants of the Army, 1630-70 (1976).
Berenger, Jean. Turenne (1987).
Bertaud, Jean-Paul. The Army of the French Revolution, trans. R.R. Palmer
Blomfield, Reginald. Vauban (1938).
Chagniot, Jean. Paris et l'arme au XVIIIe sicle (1985).
Chandler, David. The Campaigns of Napoleon (1966).
Colin, Jean. L'infanterie au XVIIe siecle: La tactique (1907).
Connelly, Owen. Blundering to Victory (1988).
Corvisier, Andr. L'arme franaise de la fin du XVIIe sicle au ministre de Choiseul: Le soldat,
2 vols. (1964).
----------------. Louvois (1983).
Elting, John. Swords around the Throne (1989).
Forrest, Alan. Conscripts and Deserters: The Army and French Society During the Revolution
and the Empire (1989).
Girard, Georges. Racolage et milice, 1701-1715 (1924).
Kennett, Lee. The French Armies in the Seven Years War: A Study of Military

Organization and Administration (1967).

Lachouque, Henry. Aux armes, citoyens! (1969).
Lauerma, Matti. L'artillerie de campagne franaise pendant les guerres de la Rvolution (1956).
Lonard, Emile G. L'arme et ses problmes au XVIIIe sicle (1958).
Lynn, John A. The Bayonets of the Republic: Motivation and Tactics in the
Armies of Revolutionary France, 1791-1794 (1984).
Lynn, John A. The Giant of the Grand Sicle: The French Army, 1610-1715
Phipps, Ramsay W. The Armies of the First French Republic, 5 vols. (1926-1939).
Quimby, Robert. The Background of Napoleonic Warfare (1957).
Scott, Samuel F. The Response of the Royal Army to the French Revolution (1978).

Challener, Richard D. The French Theory of the Nation at Arms, 1866-1939 (1955).
Chalmin, Pierre. L'officier franais de 1815 1870 (1970).
Girard, Louis. La garde nationale, 1814-1871 (1964).
Girardet, Raoul. Le socit militaire dans la France contemporaine, 1815-1939 (1953).
---------------, et al. L'arme et la Seconde Rpublique (1955).
Griffith, Paddy. Military Thought in the French Army, 1815-1851 (1989).
Halasz, Nicholas. Captain Dreyfus (1955).
Howard, Michael. The Franco-Prussian War (1969).
Horne, Alistair. The Fall of Paris: The Siege and the Commune 1870-1871 (1965).
Porch, Douglas. Army and Revolution in France, 1815-1848 (1974).
--------------. The March to the Marne: The French Army, 1871-1914 (1981).
Ralston, David. The Army and the Republic: The Place of the Military in the Political Evolution of
France, 1871-1914 (1967).
Tombs, Robert. The War Against Paris, 1871 (1981).

Since 1914
Ambler, John S. The French Army in Politics, 1945-1962 (1966).
De la Gorce, Paul-Marie. The French Army (1963).
Doughty, Robert. The Seeds of Disaster: The Development of French Army
Doctrine, 1919-1939 (1986).
Kelly, George A. Lost Soldiers: The French Army and the Empire in Crisis, 1947-1962 (1965).
Kunzt, Francois. L'officier francais dans la nation (1960).
Martin, Michel L. Warriors to Managers (1980).


Barnett, Corelli. Britain and Her Army, 1509-1970: A Military, Political, and
Social Survey (1970).
Bruce, Anthony. The Purchase System in the British Army, 1660-1871 (1980).
Childs, John. The Army of Charles II (1976).
Cruickshank, C.G. Elizabeth's Army (1950).
Firth, C.H. Cromwell's Army (1962).
Fortesque, J.W. History of the British Army, 13 vols. (1899-1930).
Glover, R.G. Peninsular Preparation: The Reform of the British Army, 1759-1809 (1963).
Higham, Robin. The Military Intellectuals in Britain, 1918-1939 (1966).
Houlding. Fit for Service: Training of the British Army, 1715-1795 (1982).
Luvaas, Jay. The Education of an Army: British Military Thought, 1815-1940 (1964).
Pakenham, Thomas. The Boer War (1979).
Prebble, John. Mutiny (1975).
Scouller, R.E. The Armies of Queen Anne (1966).

Skelley, Alan R. The Victorian Army at Home: The Recruitment, Terms, and Conditions of the
British Regular 1859-1899 (1977).
Spiers, Edward M. The Army and Society, 1815-1914 (1980).
Woodham-Smith, Cecil. The Reason Why (1952).



Craig, Gordon. The Battle of Koniggratz (1964).

-------------. The Politics of the Prussian Army, 1640-1945 (1964).
Ergang, R.R. The Potsdam Fuhrer (1941).
Goerlitz, Walter. History of the German General Staff, 1657-1945 (1953).
Kitchen, Martin. The German Officer Corps, 1890-1914 (1968).
Paret, Peter. Yorck and the Era of Prussian Reform (1966).
Redlich, Fritz. The German Military Enterpriser and His Work Force, 2 v o l s .
Ritter, Gerhard. Frederick the Great (19 ).
---------------. The Sword and the Scepter: The Problem of Militarism in Germany, 3 vols. (19701974).
Showalter, Dennis E. Railroads and Rifles: Soldiers, Technology, and the Unification of
Germany (1975).
Wedgwood, C.V. The Thirty Years' War (1939).
Wheeler-Bennett, J.W. The Nemesis of Power: The German Army in Politics, 1918-1945 (1956).


Catton, Bruce. This Hallowed Ground (19 ).
Coffman, Edward M. The War to End All Wars: The American Military Experience in World
War I (1969).
Cunliffe, Marcus. Soldiers & Civilians: The Martial Spirit in America, 1775-1865 (1968).
Griffith, Paddy. Rally Once Again: Battle Tactics of the American Civil War
Higginbotham, Don R. The War of American Independence (1971).
Johannsen, Robert W. To the Halls of the Montezumas (1985),
Leach, D.E. Flintlock and Tomahawk: New England and King Philip's War (1966).
McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom (1988).
Millett, Allan and Peter Maslowski. For the Common Defense (1984, 1994).
Millis, Walter. Arms and Men: A Study of American Military History (1956).
Nevins, Allan. Ordeal of the Union, 8 vols. (1947-1971).
Parish, Peter J. The American Civil War (1974).
Parkman, Francis. Montcalm and Wolfe, 2 vols. (1905-1907).
Prucha, Francis Paul. The Sword of the Republic: The United States Army on the Frontier, 17831846 (19 ).
Royster, Charles. A Revolutionary People at War (19 ).
Shaara, Michael. The Killer Angels (1974).
Shy, John. Toward Lexington (1965).
Stacey, C.P. Quebec, 1959: The Siege and the Battle (1959).
Utley, Robert M. Frontier Regulars: The United States Army and the Indians, 1866-1891 (19 ).
Ward, Christopher. The War of the Revolution, 2 vols. (1952).
Weigley, Russel. The American Way of War: A History of United States Military
Strategy and Policy (1973).
(See sections on WW II and war in the nuclear age.)


Vishwa Bandhu, Ideologies of War and Peace in Ancient India (Hoshiarpur: 1957).
P.C. Chakravarti, The Art of War in Ancient India (Delhi: 1972).
G. Chesney, Alexanders invasion of India, United Services Institution of
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Group Captain N. Dhir, Weapons of War in Ancient India, U.S.I.I., 1972.
G.T. Date, Art of War in Ancient India (London: 1929).
V.R. Ramchandra Dikshitar, War in Ancient India (Delhi: 1987).
Earl Egerton of Tatton, Description of Indian and Oriental Armour (London: 1880).
F.R. Lee, Ancient Weapons of India, U.S.I.I., vol. 41, 1912.
B.K. Majumdar, The Military System of Ancient India (Calcutta: 1955).
J.W. McCrindle, Alexanders Invasion of India (London: 1986).
Gustav Opperts, On the Weapons, Army Organization and Political Maxims of the
Ancient Hindus (London: 1880).
Gayatrinath Pant, Weapons and Military Science in Ancient India
(New Delhi: 1964).
Sarva Daman Singh, Ancient Indian Warfare with Special Reference to the Vedic
Period (Leiden: 1965).
Sidney Toy, Fortified Cities of India (London: 1965).
B.K. Apte, History of the Maratha Navy and Merchantship (Bombay: 1973).
Chevalier P. Armandi, Military History of Elephants (Paris: 1843).
Abdul Aziz, The Mansabdari System of the Moghul Army (Delhi: 1972).
Fauja Singh Bajwa, Military System of the Sikhs (Delhi: 1964).
Humphry Bullock, Shah Shujas forces, Army Quarterly (A.Q.) vol. 22, April-July
Dr. B. Chakravorty, Comparative Study of the Rajput and Mughal Military
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Simon Digby, War - Horse and Elephant in the Delhi Sultanate: A Study of Military
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C. Grey, Kalsa Army, 1841, U.S.I.I., vol. 62, 1932.
William Irvine, Army of the Indian Moghuls (New Delhi: 1983).
Sitaram Kohli, Catalogue of the Khalsa Darbar Records, 2 vols. (Lahore: 1919).
Bruce Lenman, The Transition to European Military Ascendancy in India, 16001800, in John A. Lynn, Tools of War (Urbana: 1990).
R.C. Majumdar, Arab Invasion of Sind (Madras: 1931).
Manohar Malgonkar, Kanohji Angrey, Maratha Admiral (Bombay: 1959).
Arjan Das Malik, An Indian Guerrilla War: The Sikh Peoples War 1699-1768
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W.G. Osborne, Court and Camp of Ranjeet Singh (London: 1840).
F.V. Paul, Mohammedan Arms and Armor, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Bulletin, vol. xiv, 1916.
Raj Kumar Phul, Armies of the Great Moghuls (New Delhi: 1978).
A.C. Ray, A History of Mughal Navy and Naval Warfare (Calcutta: 1972).
Atul Chandra Roy, History of the Mughal Navy and Naval Warfare (Calcutta: 1972).
Jagdish Narayan Sarkar, The Art of War in Medieval India (Delhi: 1984).
Jagdish Narayan Sarkar, The Military Dispatches of a Seventeenth Century Indian
General (Calcutta: 1969).

Sir Jadunath Sarkar, Some Aspects of Military Thinking and Practice in Medieval
India (Calcutta: 1969).
---------------------------, Amir Khusrau and the Art of War in Medieval India, IndoIranica, vol. xxiv, 1971
---------------------------, Men and Beasts in Medieval Indian Warfare, Journal of
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---------------------------, Arms and Armor in Medieval India, Victoria Memorial
Bulletin, vol. vi-viii, 1972-73.
Surendra Nath Sen, The Military System of the Marathas (Calcutta: 1979).
Narendra Krishna Sinha, Rise of Sikh Power (Calcutta: 1936).
Seema Alavi. The Sepoys and the Company: Tradition and Transition in
Northern India, 1770-1830 (Delhi: 1995).
Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck, Army in India (London: 1968).
Major E.O. Ballance, Battle of Plassey, 1757, Royal United Services Institute
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Admiral G.A. Ballard, Rulers of the Indian Ocean (London: 1927).
Amiya Barat, Bengal Native Infantry: Its Organization and Discipline
(Calcutta: 1962).
Pradeep Barua, Military Developments in India, 1750-1850, Journal of Military
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Shelford Bidwell, Swords for Hire (London: 1971).
W.D. Bird, Assaye Campaign, U.S. I. I., vol. 41, 1912.
Patrick Cadell, History of the Bombay Army (London: 1938).
Raymond Callahan, The East India Company and Army Reform, 1783-1798
(Cambridge, MA: 1972).
East India Company, The war with Tippoo Sultan (1977).
Byron Farwell, Armies of the Raj: From the Great Mutiny to Independence,
1858-1947 (New York: 1989).
--------------------, The Gurkhas (New York: 1984).
Dr. K.K. Ghosh, The Indian National Army (Meerut: 1969).
Henty, George Alfred, The Tiger of Mysore; A Story of the War with Tippoo
Maharaja of Jaipur, History of the Indian States Forces (Bombay: 1967).
D.D. Khanna, Supply System of Wellingtons Army in India, U.S.I.I., vol. 94, 1964.
------------------, Monsons Retreat in the Anglo-Maratha War, 1903-1805
(Allahabad: 1981).
Colonel G. B. Malleson, Decisive Battles of India (London: 1914).
--------------------------------, History of the French in India (Delhi: 1984 - reprint of 1909).
Phillip Mason, A Matter of Honor: An Account of the Indian Army, its
Officers and Men (London: 1974).
Robert Orme, History of the Military Transactions of the British Nation in Indostan,
1710-1761 (Madras: 1861).
Brigadier K.G. Pitre, The Second Anglo-Maratha War 1802-1805 (Poona: 1990).
Bisheswar Prasad, ed., Official History of the Indian Armed Forces in the Second
War War, 1939-1945, 17 vols. (Delhi: 1958-1966).
W. Thorn, Memoires of the Wars in India Conducted by Generals Lake and
Wellesley (London: 1818).
D.C. Verma, Plassey to Buxar: A Military Study (New Delhi: 1976).
Earl Field Marshal Wavell, The Good Soldier (London: 1948).
Post Independence
G.S. Bhargava, The Battle of NEFA (Bombay: 1964).

Russell Brines, The Indo-Pakistani Conflict (London: 1968).

Lt.-Gen. M.L. Chibber, Military Leadership to Prevent Military Coup
(New Delhi: 1989).
Stephen P. Cohen, The Indian Army: Its Contribution to the Development
of a Nation, new ed. (Delhi: 1990).
-------------------------, The Pakistan Army (Berkeley: 1984).
-------------------------, ed., The Security of South Asia (Urbana: 1987).
Brigadier J.P. Dalvi, Himalayan Blunder (Bombay: 1969).
Major Chand N. Das, Traditions and Customs of the Indian Armed Forces
(New Delhi: 1974).
Pradeep Dhillon, Multiple Identities: A Phenomenological of Multicultural
Communication (Frankfurt: 1994).
John Fricker, The Air War in 1965 (London: 1979).
V.A. Kamath, India and Sea-Power, U.S.I.I., vol. 84, 1954.
Lt.-Gen. B.M. Kaul, The Untold Story (1967).
Lorne J. Kavic, Indias Quest for Security (Dehradun: 1967).
Admiral S.N. Kohli, We Dared: Maritime Operations in the 1971 Indo-Pak War
(New Delhi: 1989).
Neville Maxwell, Indias China War (New York: 1972).
Maj.-Gen. D.I. Palit, The Lightning Campaign (New Delhi: 1972).
K.C. Praval, Indias Paratroopers (Faridabad: 1974).
---------------, Valour Triumphs (Faridabad: 1976).
Leo A. Rose and Richard Sisson, War and Secession: Crisis and Decision in South
Asia, 1971 (Berkeley: 1989).
Siddiq Saliq, Witness to Surrender (Karachi: 1978).
Lt.-Gen. L.P. Sen, Slender Was the Thread (New Delhi: 1973).
Maj.- Gen. Lachman Singh, Indian Sword Strikes in East Pakistan (New Delhi: 1979).
-------------------------------------, Victory in Bangladesh (Dehra Dun: 1981).
Brigadier Rajendra Singh, Organization and Administration in the Indian Army
(Aldershot: 1952).
Maj.-Gen. Sukhwant Singh, Indias Wars Since Independence: The Liberation of
Bangladesh (New Delhi: 1980).
--------------------------------------------, Indias Wars Since Independence: The Defense of
the Western Border (New Delhi: 1980).
--------------------------------------------, Indias Wars Since Independence: General Trends
(New Delhi: 1980).