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ADDAX PETROLEUM DEVELOPMENT (NIGERIA) LIMITED

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION
FIRE AND GAS
ASSESSMENT STUDY
REPORT

Document Number :

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION FIRE AND GAS


SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

Do

ADDNL-HSSL-FCGM-0002
Rev:01
Nov 06, 2013

Status: IFR
Page 2 of 26

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................. 4

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...................................................................................... 4

2.1

Scope and Objectives of the Study ................................................................................. 5

2.2

BOUNDARIES ................................................................................................................ 6

DEFINITIONS ....................................................................................................... 9

REFERENCES ..................................................................................................... 9

METHODOLOGY................................................................................................ 10

5.1

Event Tree Analysis ...................................................................................................... 10

5.2

Fire Consequence and Gas Dispersion Modeling ......................................................... 10

5.3

Hazardous Area Classification ...................................................................................... 12

5.4

Fire and Gas Location Map ........................................................................................... 13

5.5

Impact Assessment ...................................................................................................... 13

DATA AND ASSUMPTIONS ............................................................................... 13

6.1

Process Data ................................................................................................................ 13

6.2

Environmental Data ...................................................................................................... 14

RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS............................................................. 17

APPENDIX I: EVENT TREE ANALYSIS ....................................................................... 18


APPENDIX II: FIRE CONSEQUENCE AND GAS DISPERSION MODELING ............. 20
APPENDIX III: PLOTS OF THERMAL RADIATION CONTOURS ON WHP ................. 22
APPENDIX IV: SHELL FRED/MODELLING REPORTS ................................................ 23
APPENDIX V: PLOTS OF MINIMUM SAFE DISTANCES ............................................ 24
APPENDIX VI: HAZARDOUS AREA CLASSIFICATION DRAWINGS .......................... 25
APPENDIX VII: FIRE AND GAS LOCATION MAPS ..................................................... 26

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION FIRE AND GAS


SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

Document Number:

ADDNL-HSSL-FCGM-0002
Rev:01
Nov 06, 2013

Status: IFR
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LIST OF TABLES
Table 1: Summary of Environmental conditions ........................................................................ 14
Table 2: Tolerability Criteria ...................................................................................................... 15
Table 3 : Equipment Process Data ........................................................................................... 16
Table 4: Event Tree - Vapour Release ..................................................................................... 18
Table 5: Event Tree Analysis Liquid Release ........................................................................ 19

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1-1: The Izombe Process area Plot Plan ......................................................................... 7
Figure 1-2: Izombe Process Area Plot Plan showing safe distances........................................... 8

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION FIRE AND GAS


SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

Document Number:

ADDNL-HSSL-FCGM-0002
Rev:01
Nov 06, 2013

Status: IFR
Page 4 of 26

INTRODUCTION
Izombe Flow station covers an approximate area of 74,000 acres in Izombe Village
which is about 30km from Owerri.
The production flow station has producing facilities that include well-heads, production
manifolds, production separators, crude oil transfer pumps, storage tanks etc. (See
Figure 1.1)
In addition to local Izombe producing wells, flow lines from Ossu and Njaba production
fields are tied into the Izombe manifold in an arrangement that enables it to be routed to
Izombe flow station process facilities

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
There is currently no Fire and Gas Detection or protection system on the main process
facilities at the Izombe Flowstation.
The Fire and Gas Assessment Study is carried out to achieve the following objectives:
1. Identify credible Gas release events
2. Identify Credible Fire scenarios
3. Evaluate Fire and Gas propagation models with respect to Safety Systems,
Personnel and Asset Protection.
4. Identify Detection Types
5. Identify potential Fire and Gas Detection locations on Process Areas for optimal
sensitivity
6. Evaluate Equipment Spacing
7. Identify high risk exposures
8. Recommend Options for implementing Fire Protection and achieve Asset Integrity
Objectives for Izombe Flowstation Main Process Facilities
The results of this study shall be utilized as an input into the design of the fire and gas
protection system for Izombe Flowstation by APDNL
The overall objective remains to operate the Izombe Production facilities with risks
reduced to as Low as Reasonably Practicable (ALARP).
The Fire Consequence and Gas Dispersion modelling is performed utilizing SHELL
FRED 4.0 while calculating for different leak scenario to determine the possible radiant
heat exposure to personnel and other process equipment.
The recommendations from the study are as outlined below;
1.

Install Open Path Gas Detectors and Point Detectors at the indicated positions on
the Main Process Facilities to provide full coverage for Gas Detection on the
Process Area

2.

Install Flame Detectors as indicated on the Fire Protection System Layout. Open
path detector coverage HP, LP and Gas lift Separators are considered critical.

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION FIRE AND GAS


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Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

Document Number:

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Status: IFR
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3.

Review Izombe Flowstation equipment and piping layout against the developed
Hazardous Area Classification Drawing: Consider increasing the spacing between
the HP and LP Separators to satisfy minimum separation distance requirements.

4.

The SDV/ESD at the inlets to HP and LP Separators are TOO CLOSE to the
vessels to serve as credible barriers to isolate flow into the separators or process
area. Consider modifying the piping to increase this distance.

5.

Design of the Izombe Process Facilities Fire Protection piping system should
perform hydraulic analysis to ensure water and foam are sprayed at the
appropriate pressure wherever required.

6.

Consider fire-proofing the structural legs of the pipe racks in the vicinity of Gas
Scrubbers and Gas Pig Receiver. This would prolong the resistance time to fire
radiation and retain structural integrity.

7.

Activation of the Fire protection system shall be based on Confirmed Fire or


Confirmed Gas on a 2oo3 Voting System.

8.

Consider providing Security Camera monitor for the Process Area on Izombe
Flowstation Control room.

The following appendices are attached to the report

2.1

1.

Appendix I:

Event Tree Analysis

2.

Appendix II:

Fire Consequence and Gas Dispersion Modelling Results

3.

Appendix III:

Plots of Thermal Radiation

4.

Appendix IV:

SHELL FRED Modelling Report

5.

Appendix V:

Plots of Minimum Safe Distance

6.

Appendix VI:

Hazardous Area Classification Drawings

7.

Appendix VII:

Fire and Gas Location Maps

Scope and Objectives of the Study


The scope and objectives of this analysis are summarized as follows:
To assess the consequence of the accidental or intentional release of flammable
hydrocarbon products on process equipment in terms of dispersion, fire and
explosion
To serve as input to the fire and gas detector location mapping study in determining
the most effective location for the F& G system
Evaluate the effects on escape devices and Safety equipment.

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION FIRE AND GAS


SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

Document Number:

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2.2

Status: IFR
Page 6 of 26

BOUNDARIES
The areas not included in the study scope and thus considered outside the evaluation
boundaries are outlined below:
Environmental impacts of released hydrocarbons such as liquid spill, atmospheric
pollution, etc.
Catastrophic failures such as
o

Full piping and/or vessel ruptures.

Fire and explosion consequence resulting from failure of ESD and Shutdown
valve failing to respond on demand.

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Document Number:

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION FIRE AND GAS


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Figure 2-1: The Izombe Process area Plot Plan

Status: IFR
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Document Number :

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION FIRE AND GAS


SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

Document Number:

ADDNL-HSSL-FCGM-0002
Rev:01
Nov 06, 2013

Figure 2-2: Izombe Process Area Plot Plan showing safe distances

Status: IFR
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Document Number :

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IZOMBE FLOWSTATION FIRE AND GAS


SYSTEM ASSESSMENT

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DEFINITIONS
Term

Definition

ALARP

As Low As Reasonably Possible

APDNL

Addax Petroleum Development Nigeria Limited

ATM

Atmospheres

EER

Escape, Evacuation and Rescue

ESD

Emergency Shutdown

FWS

Full Well Stream

FWKO

Status: IFR

Free Water Knock out

HP

High Pressure

LEL

Lower Explosive Limit

LP

Low Pressure

OGP

International Association of Oil and Gas Producers

PSLL

Pressure Switch Low Low

UEL

Upper Explosive Limit

USD

Utility Shutdown

VCE

Vapour Cloud Explosion

REFERENCES
Document No.

Description

API RP 500

Recommended Practice For Classification Of Locations For


Electrical Installations Classified As Class 1 Zone 0 And Zone
2

API 521

Guide For Pressure Relieving And Depressurization

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION FIRE AND GAS


SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

Document Number:

ADDNL-HSSL-FCGM-0002
Rev:01

Status: IFR

Nov 06, 2013

Page 10 of 26

METHODOLOGY
The following section describes the approach utilized in the Fire and Gas System
Assessment Study. The process consists of the following:

5.1

Hazard Identification
Event Tree Analysis
Gas Dispersion Modeling
Fire Consequence and Gas Dispersion Modeling
Develop Hazardous Area Classification Drawing
Impact Assessment
Develop Fire and Gas Detectors Location Map
Recommendations and Conclusions

Event Tree Analysis


The event tree analysis was performed to further analyze the propagation of the initiating
event (Loss of containment) to arrive at the final event outcomes by factoring in the
following:

Probability of immediate ignition


Probability of delayed ignition
Probability of Failure on demand for shut-down valves
Probability of creating overpressures.
Probability of release occurring in the direction of receptor (Safety Equipment,
EER System etc.)

One major result from the Event Tree Analysis is the selection of the final scenarios that
are modeled using the Fire Consequence Modeling software.
The Event Tree Analysis is shown in Appendix I.

5.2

Fire Consequence and Gas Dispersion Modeling


The major basis of the Fire Consequence and Gas Dispersion Modelling Study is on
hydrocarbon releases/loss of containment scenarios from 2.5mm, 5mm and 10mm
leaks. This recognizes that minor leaks have higher likelihood to lead to continuous
release as the PSLL may be unable to detect the pressure loss and initiate a shutdown.
The study also recognized that larger leak sizes will lead to shutdown, thereby
minimizing the loss of inventory. A worst case scenario for a 10mm vessel leak was
developed with a wind speed of 10m/s.
However the study also took cognizance of the potential for significant undetected gas
release from Izombe Flow station process facilities, resulting from minor leaks. This also
recognizes the failure of instrument impulse tubing, which may lead to significant
hydrocarbon releases that may have the potential to form flammable vapour clouds.

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION FIRE AND GAS


SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
Document Title:

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Document Number:

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Nov 06, 2013

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Proposed recommendations to mitigate risks associated with significant vapour releases


from minor leaks are also discussed
In addition the UEL and LEL limits for unignited gas releases were also calculated to aid
the identification of optimal positions for installation of fire and gas detectors to enable
the timely detection of flammable concentrations from gas releases. The dispersion was
modeled for 10%, 25%, 50% and 100% LEL limits
The fire consequence scenarios are modeled using Computer based Modeling software
(SHELL FRED 4.0).
Computations shall model distances from the release point/source to thermal radiation
contours of 16 kw/m2 and 32 kw/m2. The contours were plotted for the 16 kw/m2 and 32
kw/m2 to ascertain the impact of the fire on surrounding equipment.
The modeling shall consider the following;

Radiation Contours immediately following ignition


Available inventory that feeds the leak
Releases in the vertical, horizontal planes
Pressure of vessel or piping at time of leak/release
Other properties of released fluid
Environmental conditions. Worst case conditions of wind towards the receptor
(Safety Equipment) shall be used.

The consequence modeling is usually based on the propagation of the initiating loss of
containment event.
Based on the composition of the hydrocarbon fluid from the process simulation, two (2)
different types of fluid release were utilized for this study. The following assumptions are
made for the fluid release scenario.

Liquid/Mixed (Phase) Release It is assumed that fluid release from the


lower/bottom part of the pipings is in the liquid phase. However, it is understood
that the vapour (gas) component may still be contained in the liquid phase. Even
when this is not the case, sustained release from the liquid side will ultimately
lead to a mixed-phase release.

Vapour/Gas (Phase) Release It is assumed that release from the upper/top


part of pipings is in the vapour phase. It is also modeled to release from the gas
lines. This is also taken as the initial release condition. Continuous release may
have liquids come out through the release point for the crude oil lines.

The distances for the two (2) distinct zones 16kw/m2 and 32kw/m2 of thermal radiation
contour shall be recorded in tabular form. The contour distance table for modeled
scenarios is in Appendix II.
The 10%LEL, 25%LEL, 50%LEL 100%LEL and UFL contours table are depicted in
Appendix II

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Document Title:

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The representative plots of fire scenarios superimposed on the Izombe production


facilities are made and presented in Appendix III

5.2.1

Jet Fire Scenario


A jet fire is a turbulent diffusion flame resulting from the combustion of a fuel
continuously released with some significant momentum in a particular direction or
directions. Jet fires can arise from releases of gaseous, flashing liquid (two phase) and
pure liquid inventories.
The properties of jet fires depend on the fuel composition, release conditions, release
rate, release geometry, direction and ambient wind conditions.
The Jet Fire scenario is modeled using the process equipment source model which
considers the release of material from its storage or process conditions in an equipment,
through all the stages.
The model provides the option to select the release phase of the fluid and it is also able
to automatically calculate the release phase based on the fluid composition and the
corresponding process condition of the fluid for a given equipment.
The input parameters include, the fluid composition, the scenario type,(in this case a
leak) as a minor leak, 2.5mm, 5mm and 10mm leaks. These are not considered as
catastrophic rupture or line rupture cases. Other input parameters include the release
source (pipe/vessel), location, geometry, process conditions, (include mass flow /
containment pressure, temperature, volume of the vessel or piping), etc.
The vapour/gas phase release is modeled to occur from the upper part of the vessel, the
two-phase release is modeled to occur from the liquid section in a vessel.
The jet fire scenario also calculates the UEL and LEL distances for unignited releases.
This is necessary to determine the effective location of gas detectors, simulations were
carried out for 10%, 25% and 50% LEL limits.

5.3

Hazardous Area Classification


A Hazardous Area Classification study was also carried out to identify areas within the
Izombe facility where there is a high likelihood of explosive mixtures or atmosphere. This
is to aid in the implementation of special precautions over likely sources of ignition to
prevent fire and explosions.
The hazardous area classification was carried out as an integral part of the risk
assessment to identify areas where controls over ignition sources are needed
(hazardous area) and also those areas where they are not (non hazardous areas).
Hazardous areas are further classified in Zones which distinguish between locations that
have a high chance of an explosive atmosphere occurring and those locations where an
explosive atmosphere may only occur occasionally or in abnormal circumstances. The
definitions of the Zones also recognize that the chance of a fire or explosion depends on
the likelihood of an explosive atmosphere occurring at the same time as an ignition
source becomes active.

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A hazardous area can be further defined as a location where an explosive atmosphere


may occur in quantities that require special precautions to protect the health and safety
of workers. A location where an explosive atmosphere is not expected to occur in
quantities that require such special precautions is deemed to be non-hazardous. For
these purposes special precautions means precautions to control potential ignition
sources within a hazardous area, particularly in relation to the use of equipment.
The term not expected to occur in such quantities implies that consideration is also
given to the likelihood of a loss of containment event (leaks) as well as the potential
quantity of such releases when considering the area classification. Consequently an
area can be classified as non-hazardous, if a release is extremely unlikely to occur
and/or if the quantities released are small.
The Hazardous Area Classification drawings are attached in Appendix VI

5.4

Fire and Gas Location Map


A Fire and Gas Location Map was developed to describe the basis for the installation of
a Fire and Gas protection system for the Izombe facility. The fire and gas location map
shows the installation positions for the fire and gas detectors.
The function of the fire and gas detection systems is to primarily give warning of
flammable releases or the outbreak of fire and to provide local indication and a control
station alarm. The alarms enable the operators to take appropriate intervention and
emergency actions. The F&G detection signals also operate protective functions.
Sound engineering judgment and generic target scenarios were used to determine the
location of the fire and gas detectors, based on the fire consequence models and
analysis carried out for the Izombe facility. The flammable gas detection target (25%,
50% and 100% LFL) is set to detect those flammable gas releases that are generally
large enough to potentially cause fire and explosion hazard, when undetected.
Flame detection targets are set in line with typical fire events within the industry and also
align with flame detector manufacturers specifications.
The Fire and Gas Location Maps are attached in Appendix VII

5.5

Impact Assessment
The impact of a potential loss of containment event leading to a fire was evaluated and
minimum safe distances between equipment were recommended. The representative
plots are shown in Appendix V.

6
6.1

DATA AND ASSUMPTIONS


Process Data
The composition of the fluid was collated from the Process Design Basis. The process
conditions were collated from the Process & Instrumentation Diagram (P &ID) and on

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION FIRE AND GAS


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FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

the Process Flow Diagram (PFD) and served as input data into the computer modeling
equations. The equipment process data is shown in table 7.3

6.2

Environmental Data
The prevailing environmental conditions slightly affects the radiation effect distances
thus the environmental conditions below have been selected with appropriate
justification.
Table 1: Summary of Environmental conditions
Environmental
Parameter
Ambient
temperature

6.2.1

Value

Justifications

23.80C 290C

Typical mean monthly temperature as presented by


Nigeria Meteorological Agency Owerri Station
weather report

Average daily
relative humidity

80%

The lower the humidity, the lower the moisture


content and the more heat is transmitted through
the atmosphere. See API 521.(Ref 13)

Wind Speed

5 m/s

The effect of wind speed on the radiation contour


specified for the scope of this study is minimal.
However, it is conservative to use a low wind-speed
to minimize the likelihood of a cooling effect and
ensure accurate heat intensity is predicted.

Incident Solar
Radiation

1.04KW/m2 See Table 8.6 API 521.(Ref 13)

Wind direction

NorthNorth East

Extracted from Izombe Flow Station Summary


Basis However, evaluations were also made with
respect to specific receptors, such as Safety
Equipment location etc.

Main Hazards Areas


The main hazard zones were identified based on the equipment layout on the process
area, the main process equipment consist of Test separators, HP Separators, LP
Separators, Gas Scrubber, Gas Lift Vessel, FWKO, Precipitator and inlet manifold.
Scenarios from flanges and instrument tubing were also simulated due to their
susceptibility to leaks.

6.2.2

Assessment Criteria
The following assessment criteria have been used to assess fire & explosion effects
resulting from oil & gas release on personnel and equipment.

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION FIRE AND GAS


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Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

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Nov 06, 2013

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Table 2: Tolerability Criteria

SN

Exposure

Radiation from Pool/Jet


fire

Human Fatality
12.5 kW/m2

For unprotected equipment

37.5kW/m2

Corresponding to the
maximum allowable radiation
flux for a protected
equipment

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FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

Table 3 : Equipment Process Data

EQUIPMENT

EQUIPMENT TAG

MAWP (Psig)

OPERATING
PRESSURE
(Psig)

OPERATING
TEMP.
(DEG F)

FLOW RATE

FLUID

LP SEPARATOR

V-100

230

125

102

15,554 BBL

Partially stabilized Oil

HP SEPARATOR

V-200

230

120

100

15,554 BBL

Partially stabilized Oil

GAS LIFT VESSEL

V-210

1440

1440

111

NA

Partially stabilized Oil

FWKO

V-300

50

27

110

31,108

Partially stabilized Oil

PRECIPITATOR

V-400

50

22

108

NA

Partially stabilized Oil

TEST SEPARATOR

V-1500

230

120

84

NA

Partially stabilized Oil

GAS SCRUBBER

V-3000

230

1500--isolated

83

NA

Partially stabilized Oil

CRUDE OIL TRANSFER


PUMPS

P-100/200

30

98

600 GPM

Partially stabilized Oil

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RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS


1. Install Open Path Gas Detectors and Point Detectors at the indicated positions on the
Main Process Facilities to provide full coverage for Gas Detection on the Process Area
2. Install Flame Detectors as indicated on the Fire Protection System Layout. Open path
detector coverage HP, LP and Gaslift Separators are considered critical.
3. Review Izombe Flowstation equipment and piping layout against the developed
Hazardous Area Classification Drawing: Consider increasing the spacing between the
HP and LP Separators to satisfy minimum separation distance requirements.
4. The SDV/ESD at the inlets to HP and LP Separators are TOO CLOSE to the vessels to
serve as credible barriers to isolate flow into the separators or process area. Consider
modifying the piping to increase this distance.
5. Design of the Izombe Process Facilities Fire Protection piping system should perform
hydraulic analysis to ensure water and foam are sprayed at the appropriate pressure
wherever required.
6. Consider fire-proofing the structural legs of the piperacks in the vicinity of Gas
Scrubbers and Gas Pig Receiver. This would prolong the resistance time to fire
radiation and retain structural integrity.
7. Activation of the Fire protection system shall be based on Confirmed Fire or Confirmed
Gas on a 2oo3 Voting System.
8. Consider providing Security Camera monitor for the Process Area on Izombe
Flowstation Control room.

Document Number :
Document Number:

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION
FIRE AND GAS SYSTEM ASSESSMENT

ADDNL-HSSL-FCGM-0002

Document Title:

Rev:01

Status: IFR

Nov 06, 2013

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FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

APPENDIX I: EVENT TREE ANALYSIS


Table 4: Event Tree - Vapour Release

1st Protection
Layer
INITIATING
EVENT ID

2nd Protection
Layer

INITIATING
EVENT
FREQUENCY

LEAK
DETECTION &
SHUT-DOWN
FAILS

IMMEDIATE
IGNITION

FIRE DETECTION
& ESD FAILS

EXPLOSION

OUTCOME

Po

Pa

Pb

Pc

Pd

Outcome Frequency

Yes

I: Jet Fire

No

II: Flash Fire.

IMPACT
CATEGORY

MAJOR

Yes
Yes

Loss of
Containment
(Initiating Event)

Yes

III: Vapour Cloud


Explosion

MINOR

SERIOUS

No
No

No

IV: Unignited Gas Cloud

V: No/Minor Accident

INCIDENTAL

INCIDENTAL

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FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

Table 5: Event Tree Analysis Liquid Release

1st Protection
Layer
INITIATING EVENT
ID

2nd Protection
Layer

INITIARTING
EVENT
FREQUENCY

LEAK
DETECTION &
SHUT-DOWN
FAILS

IMMEDIATE
IGNITION

FIRE
DETECTION &
ESD FAILS

EXPLOSION

OUTCOME

Po

Pa

Pb

Pc

Pd

Outcome Frequency

Yes

I: Jet Fire + Spill

No

II: Flash/Moderate Pool


Fire.

IMPACT
CTEGORY

MAJOR

Yes

Yes

Loss of
Containment
(Initiating Event)

Yes

III: Vapour Cloud


Explosion

MINOR

SERIOUS

No
No

No

IV: Unignited Liquid Pool

V: Minor Spill (Controlled)

SERIOUS

INCIDENTAL

Document Number :
Document Number:

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION
FIRE AND GAS SYSTEM ASSESSMENT

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Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

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Status: IFR

Nov 06, 2013

Page 20 of 26

APPENDIX II: FIRE CONSEQUENCE AND GAS DISPERSION MODELING RESULTS


EQUIPMENT/PIPING
(AT 5MPS WIND
SPEED)
GAS SCRUBBER

GAS LIFT
VESSEL

GAS PIG
RECEIVER

GAS PIPE RACK

Modelled
Release
Size(mm)

Flame Length
(m)

16kw/m2

32kw/m2

10%LFL
(m)

50% LFL
(m)

LFL
(m)

UFL

(m)

2.5

2.2616

2.49

2.41

4.5

1.6

0.9

5.0

3.938

4.38

4.23

8.0

3.0

1.7

0.5

10.0

6.862

7.74

7.43

15.0

5.5

3.0

1.1

2.5

2.2557

2.48

2.4

4.5

1.6

0.9

0.3

5.0

3.929

4.37

4.22

8.0

3.0

1.7

0.5

10

6.845

7.72

7.41

15.0

5.5

3.0

1.1

2.5

2.3201

2.55

2.47

4.5

1.6

0.9

0.3

5.0

4.041

4.49

4.34

8.0

3.0

1.7

0.6

10.0

7.04

7.94

7.62

16.0

5.5

3.0

1.2

2.5

1.6746

2.23

2.03

3.5

1.2

0.6

0.2

5.0

2.918

3.23

3.12

6.5

2.0

1.2

0.4

10.0

5.081

5.71

5.49

12.0

4.0

2.0

0.8

Document Number :

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION
FIRE AND GAS SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

EQUIPMENT/PIPING
(AT 5MPS WIND
SPEED)
TEST
SEPARATOR

HP SEPARATOR

LP SEPARATOR

INLET MANIFOLD

Modelled
Release
Size(mm)

Flame Length
(m)

16kw/m2

32kw/m2

Document Number:

ADDNL-HSSL-FCGM-0002
Rev:01

Status: IFR

Nov 06, 2013

Page 21 of 26

10%LFL

50% LFL

(m)

(m)

LFL (m)

UFL (m)

2.5

3.0438

3.92

3.61

5.7

3.0

2.0

0.8

5.0

5.297

2.37

2.32

11.19

5.5

4.0

1.6

10.0

9.2316

12.79

11.56

27.21

9.5

7.0

3.0

2.5

2.8533

3.59

3.33

5.75

3.0

2.0

0.7

5.0

4.9682

6.46

5.94

10.11

5.0

3.5

1.3

10.0

8.6526

11.68

10.62

24.14

9.0

6.5

2.5

2.5

2.7122

3.36

3.13

5.78

2.5

1.9

0.6

5.0

4.7224

6.04

5.57

10.11

5.0

3.5

1.2

10.0

8.2258

10.88

9.95

22.96

8.5

6.0

2.0

2.5

4.678

6.49

5.87

9.22

5.0

3.5

1.5

5.0

8.1458

11.8

10.54

21.81

8.49

6.5

2.5

10.0

14.1816

21.4

18.96

46.69

23.6
9

12.
99

5.0

Document Number :

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION
FIRE AND GAS SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

Do

ADDNL-HSSL-FCGM-0002
Rev:01

Status: IFR

Nov 06, 2013

Page 22 of 26

APPENDIX III: PLOTS OF THERMAL RADIATION CONTOURS ON WHP

Document Number :

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION
FIRE AND GAS SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

APPENDIX IV: SHELL FRED/MODELLING REPORTS

Do

ADDNL-HSSL-FCGM-0002
Rev:01

Status: IFR

Nov 06, 2013

Page 23 of 26

Document Number :

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION
FIRE AND GAS SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

APPENDIX V: PLOTS OF MINIMUM SAFE DISTANCES

Do

ADDNL-HSSL-FCGM-0002
Rev:01

Status: IFR

Nov 06, 2013

Page 24 of 26

Document Number :

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION
FIRE AND GAS SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

Do

ADDNL-HSSL-FCGM-0002
Rev:01

Status: IFR

Nov 06, 2013

Page 25 of 26

APPENDIX VI: HAZARDOUS AREA CLASSIFICATION DRAWINGS

Document Number :

IZOMBE FLOWSTATION
FIRE AND GAS SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
Document Title:

FIRE AND GAS ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT

APPENDIX VII: FIRE AND GAS LOCATION MAPS

Do

ADDNL-HSSL-FCGM-0002
Rev:01

Status: IFR

Nov 06, 2013

Page 26 of 26

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