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ERICSSON

Ericsson BSS
Introduction for
Optimization
and Planning
Mohammad Rasoul Tanhatalab 2013
m_r_tanha@yahoo.com
+989155132368

Contents
Introduction
Type of BTS
Connect to BTS
Connect to BSS
Alex
Frequency Hopping
Multi Band (Common BCCH)
Cell Load Sharing (CLS)
Channel Administration
Hierarchical Cell Structure
AMR
BTS and MS Power Control
Idle Mode Behavior
Some Important Commands

Mohammad Rasoul Tanhatalab 2013

Introduction
This presentation is designed to provide an introduction to
the planning, optimization and implementation processes
in 2G Ericsson networks.
However, this file tries to explain and mention the most
important things that a RF engineer needs to know for
Network Optimization along with some examples.
As a matter of fact, this topic is prepared for engineer that
has good knowledge about GSM and optimization but
he/she are not familiar with Ericsson BSS networks.
BACK TO MAIN MENU

Mohammad Rasoul Tanhatalab 2013

TYPE OF BTS
BACK TO MAIN MENU

Mohammad Rasoul Tanhatalab 2013

Types of RBS
RBS 6000
series
RBS 6101
RBS 6201
RBS 6301
RBS 6601
RBS 6102
RBS 6202
.

RBS 2000
Series
RBS 2111
RBS 2216
RBS 2308
RBS 2116
RBS 2206
RBS 2202
RBS 2106

RBS 3000
Series
RBS 3216
RBS 3116
RBS 3206
RBS 3106

Mohammad Rasoul Tanhatalab 2013

2000 RBS Overview (2202)

IDM (Internal Distributed


Module)
Power Supply Unit (PSU)

ECU(Energy Control Unit)


CDU(Combining and
Distributed Unit)
DXU (Distribution Switch Unit)
TRU (Transciever Unit)

Mohammad Rasoul Tanhatalab 2013

2000 RBS units function


DXU
TRU
CDU
ECU
PSU

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RBS 6000 Overview


Support Control Unit (SCU)
Support Hub Unit (SHU)
Power Distribution Unit (PDU)
Power Connection Unit (PCU)
Battery Fuse Unit (BFU)
Power Supply Unit (PSU)
Power Filter Unit (PFU)
Support Alarm Unit (SAU)
Power Connection Filter (PCF)
Surge Protection Device (SPD)
Digital Unit (DU)
Radio Unit (RU)
Digital Baseband Advanced (DBA)
Channel Element Expansion Module
(CEEM)

AuXiliary Multiplexing Unit (XMU)

Mohammad Rasoul Tanhatalab 2013

DU (Digital Unit)
The DU has the following functions:
Timing function
Loadable software (from Flash Card)
Radio interface
Transmission handling
External synchronization
Tower Mounted Amplifier Control Module
(TMA-CM) (only for DUG 10 01)
Type of DU
The DUG 10 01 uses the architecture from RBS
2000
The DUG 20 01 uses the same architecture as
the other radio standards in RBS 6000
(WCDMA and LTE)

Mohammad Rasoul Tanhatalab 2013

RU (Radio Unit)
The RUS has the following functions:
Transceiving Receiving Processing (TRP)
Uplink and downlink filtering
Power Amplifier (PA) functions Up to four carriers
downlink and uplink with 2-RX diversity (valid for RUS 01)
Up to eight carriers downlink and uplink with 2-RX
diversity (valid for RUS 02)
The RUG has the following functions:
Timing reference function by Local Timing Unit (LTU)
Transmitter Combining
UC/HC connector supervision
Output Power Supervision function
DC/DC function
Tower Mounted Amplifier Control Module (TMA-CM)
Power

RU<t> <gg> <bb>


t = G | L | W | S; G for GSM, L for LTE, W
for WCDMA, S for Multi-standard
gg = generation; 01 and so on
bb = 3GPP band; B1 and so on

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Supported Radio Configurations


Configuration in each
RBS is depended on
which RBB and DBB is
used.

RBBs: Radio Building


Block is a unique way of
combining either RUs,
RRUs

DBBs: Digital Building


Blocks are one or two
DUs with defined
connections to the
RBBs in each sector

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Configuration Fore Single Standard


Base Station
RBB

Number of
RUs per
Sector

RBB11_1A

2 RBB11_1A
RBB11_1A + RBB32_3B

2
4

RBB32_3A

2 RBB32_3A

RBB43_4A

Maximum Total
Number of
Carriers

DBB

12
12
24
24
48
12
36
24
48
36
48
12
24
36

DBB10_01
DBB10_02
2 DBB10_01
2 DBB10_01
DBB10_01 + 3 DBB10_44
DBB10_44
3 DBB10_44
2 DBB10_44
4 DBB10_44
3 DBB10_44
4 DBB10_44
DBB10_45
2 DBB10_45
3 DBB10_45

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Multi-standard Configurations
A multi-standard RBS supports installation of nodes
of different radio access systems in the same
cabinet. In a multi-standard RBS, the support
system is shared between the nodes in the cabinet.
Each radio access system node is managed
separately using its own radio standard tools, but
only the primary node controls and supervises the
support system. Multi-standard configurations can
be either single mode or mixed mode
configurations.
Single Mode
Mixed Mode
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Single Mode
Single mode allows an RBS to be configured
with different radio access systems within the
same cabinet.
Single mode allows the following combination
of radio access systems:
GSM and WCDMA
GSM and LTE
WCDMA and LTE
LTE and CDMA
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Mixed Mode
Mixed mode allows nodes of different radio
standards within a cabinet to share radio and
antenna resources.
Mixed mode allows the following combination
of radio access systems:
GSM and WCDMA
GSM and LTE
WCDMA and LTE
LTE and CDMA
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Single and Multi Standard


Radio

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Remote Radio Unit (RRU)


Remote Radio Unit (RRU) is
often used as a generic
expression for a remotely
installed Radio Unit (RU).
The RRUS remotely extends

the reach of the RBS by up to


40 km
A fiber optic cable connects
the RRUS
The RRUSs can be connected

in a star configuration or in a
cascade configuration

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CONNECT TO
BTS
BACK TO MAIN MENU
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LMT and OMT Interface


The client is connected to the
cabinet for configuration and
service purposes.
In WCDMA the site LAN is used to
communicate with the RBS
Element Manager (EM). In LTE and
CDMA the Local Maintenance
Terminal (LMT) is used to
communicate with the RBS EM. In
GSM the site LAN is used to
communicate with the Operation
and Maintenance Terminal (OMT).

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE


TERMINAL (OMT)
OMT is a software tool
specifically designed for
the RBSs
It is used to perform a
number of Operation and
Maintenance
tasks on site or remotely
from the BSC. OMT is a
PC program
that runs under Microsoft
Windows

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OMT Task
Monitoring

the cabinets
Internal Alarms in the
troubleshooting process,
performing
(Installation
operations

Data

IDB
Base)

Defining
the
External
Alarms and Antenna Related
Auxiliary Equipment
(ARAE)
Monitor the hardware and
configuration status of the
RUs in the cabinet

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CONNECT TO BSS

BACK TO MAIN MENU

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WinFIOL

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WinFIOL Setting

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ALEX
(ACTIVE LIBRARY EXPLORER)

BACK TO MAIN MENU

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ALEX (Active Library Explorer)

By this Software we can


find all information
about ERICSSON .
We must add new
library

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ADD LIBRARY TO ALEX

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BSS
Structure Connections and Commands

BACK TO MAIN MENU

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BSC/TRC BASIC CONCEPTS


GROUP SWITCH (GS)
Switching Network
Terminal (SNT)
Device (DEV)
EXCHANGE TERMINAL
CIRCUIT (ETC)
Digital Path (DIP)
RTS A-Bis interface Line
Terminal (RBLT)

Radio Transmission &


Transport Subsystem
(RTS)
RTS A-interface Line
Terminal (RALT)

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Figure below shows the different names of the PCM link devices
in the three types of BSS implementation.

RALT /RBLT 64 kbit/s device on E1, connected to PDH network


RALT15 / RBLT15 64 kbit/s device on E1, connected to SDH network, 7-board ET155
RALT2 / RBLT2 64 kbit/s device on E1, connected to SDH network, 1-board ET155
RALT24 / RBLT24 64 kbit/s device on T1, connected to PDH network

RALT3 / RBLT3 64 kbit/s device on T1, connected to SONET network, 1-board ET155
RALT96 / RBLT96 64 kbit/s device on T1, connected to 24/96 channel ET (PDH)
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MO (Manage Objected)
MO

Equipment in the BTS is


seen in the BSC as
Managed Objects (MOs).

Blocking state of MO:


BLA : Blocked due to activity needed
BLL : Load in progress
BLO : Blocked automatically

BLT : Blocked due to testing


MBL : Manually blocked

FORMAT

TG

Transceiver Group

RXOTG-tg

CF

Central Functions

RXOCF-tg

IS

Interface Switch

RXOIS-tg

CON

Concentrator

RXOCON-tg

DP

Digital Path

RXODP-tg-ldp

TF

Timing Function

RXOTF-tg

MCTR

Multi Carrier
Transceiver
Transceiver Carrier

RXOMCTR-tg-lmctr

TX

Transmitter

RXOTX-tg-ltrxc

RX

Receiver

RXORX-tg-ltrxc

TS

Time Slot

RXOTS-tg-ltrxc-lts

TRXC

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RXOTRX-tg-ltrxc

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TG , Code-Site and Channel Group Connection Data

Command for all TGs

<RXTCP:MOTY=RXOTG;

RADIO X-CEIVER ADMINISTRATION

TG TO CHANNEL GROUP CONNECTION DATA

MO

RXOTG-1 CellIDA1

CELL

CHGR

Command for specific TG

RXTCP:MOTY=RXOTG, cell= CellID D;

MO

CELL

RXOTG-6

CellID D

CellIDB1

CellIDC1

CellIDA1

CellIDB1

CellID E

CellIDC1

CellID F

CellID D

RXOTG-2

CellIDA2

CHGR

CellIDB2

CellIDC2

CellID E

CellIDA2

CellID F

CellIDB2

CellIDC2

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Identifying of RBS Type

RXMFP:MOTY=RXOCF;
RXMFP:MO=RXOCF- ;

RU RUREVISION

0 BOE 602 14/1

RUSERIALNO
R15B

TU89465713

RUPOSITION

RULOGICALID

C:0 R:L SH: 3 SL:---

CABI 2106I

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Related Between RSITE and TG


RXMOP:MO=RXOTG-1;

RADIO X-CEIVER ADMINISTRATION

MANAGED OBJECT DATA

MO

RXOTG-1

RSITE

COMB

FHOP

CellID1G A

HYB

BB

SWVERREPL

SWVERDLD

B0702R025E

MODEL
G12

SWVERACT
B0702R025E

TMODE
TDM

CONFMD CONFACT TRACO ABISALLOC CLUSTERID SCGR


CMD

POOL

DAMRCR CLTGINST CCCHCMD

PTA JBSDL PAL JBPTA

TGFID

H'0001-A783 NORMAL

SIGDEL

FLEXIBLE

BSSWANTED PACKALG
1010

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CONFACT (Concentrator Factor)


Confact: The maximum number of TRXs that can share a 64 kbit/s

A-bis time slot is equal to CONFACT or is the maximum allowed


LAPD concentration factor in the TG and it is set per TG. Specifies
the maximum number of TRXCs that can be LAPD concentrated on
the same transmission device.
The LAPD concentrator receives messages from several TRXs and
sends these messages on one 64 kbit/s Abis time slot to BSC. The
LAPD concentrator also receives messages on this Abis time slot
from the BSC and distributes them to the TRXs.
The maximum value is 4, however the value depends on the
maximum number of SDCCH/8 per TRX defined for the TG.
Max number of SDCCH/8s per TRX

Max concentration ratio

2
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FREQUENCY HOPPING
AND
MAIO MANAGEMENT
BACK TO MAIN MENU

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Achievements
More uniform speech quality
A more dependable and predictable radio
environment
Increased capacity (tighter frequency re-use enabled)

Capabilities
Up to 128 frequencies can be assigned per cell
Note: maximum of 32 frequencies per Channel
Group (CHGR)
Frequencies can be reused (except the BCCH frequency)
in other CHGRs within the cell
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Types of Hopping Sequences


Number (HSN)
Cyclic hopping sequence

the frequencies are used consecutively. A cyclic


sequence is specified by setting parameter
HSN to 0.
Random hopping sequence
is implemented as a pseudo-random sequence.
63 independent sequences can be defined.
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Hopping Modes
Baseband hopping (FHOP = BB)

In baseband hopping, each transmitter is


assigned with a fixed frequency.
Synthesizer hopping (FHOP = SY)

Synthesizer hopping means that one


transmitter handles all bursts that belong to a
specific connection
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Baseband Hopping
+ A narrow-band filter combiner
can be used. To this combiner it is
possible to connect up to 6 TRXs
without more than 3dB combiner
loss.
- It is impossible to hop on more
frequencies than there are TX:s.

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Synthesizer Hopping
+ It is possible to hop on more
frequencies than there are
transmitters.

- Hybrid combiners must be


used. When connecting many
transmitters the loss will be
big.

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MAIO Management
The MAIO Management feature provides

increased control over synthesized frequency


hopping to minimize channel interference
within a site (or between sites if synchronized
network is used).

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MAIO Algorithm
At frequency hopping MAIO values are used (together with

the HSN and the current FN) to point out the frequencies to
be used from the HFS at an instant in time.
Cyclic hopping
"pointer" = (MAIO+FN) modulo (number of frequencies in
HFS)
Random hopping
"pointer" = (MAIO+random value) modulo (number of
frequencies in HFS)

MAIO : Mobile Allocation Index Offset


FN : Frame Number
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Example
Cyclic hopping
"pointer" = (MAIO+FN) modulo (number
of frequencies in HFS)
Random hopping
"pointer" = (MAIO+random value)
modulo (number of frequencies in HFS)
For instance, in Cyclic hopping, 3 TRX:s
in a cell, nine frequencies in the HFS.
The
current FN is 1. The first TRX use
frequency number:
(FN+MAIO) mod (# of frequencies in
HFS) = (1+0) mod 9 = 1 (which will
relate the pointer to the second
frequency in the HFS .
The next time FN=2 and the
pointers will be shifted downwards one
step.

MAIO : Mobile Allocation Index Offset


FN : Frame Number

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Default MAIO list


The order of the MAIO values in the default list
are arranged in a "first even then odd MAIO
values" manner. (with HFS containing 7

frequencies the default list will be 0, 2, 4, 6, 1,


3, 5)
The actual MAIO values to be used for a CHGR
depends on the number of TRXs for the CHGR.

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CELL CONFIGURATION FREQUENCY


HOPPING DATA
RLCHP:CELL=CellID;
BCCD : Defines if the
channel
group
frequencies are allowed
(YES) or not (NO) for
Immediate Assignment.

CELL
CellID
CHGR HSN HOP

MAIO

OFF

DEFAULT

50

ON

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BCCD
YES
YES

46

CELL CONFIGURATION FREQUENCY DATA


TN: Time slot
number

SDCCH: Number
of SDCCH
channel

CBCH: cell
broadcast
channel

RLCFP:CELL=CellID;
CELL
CellID
CHGR SCTYPE SDCCH SDCCHAC TN CBCH HSN HOP DCHNO
0
1
0
1
NO
0
OFF 114
2
3
4
1
1
0
2
NO
50
ON 64
77
81

CHGR: channel
group

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MULTI BAND CELL


(COMMON BCCH)
BACK TO MAIN MENU
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Why we use Multi Band Cell?

Restriction of Dynamic BTS Power Control features because of BCCH


frequency

Restriction of Discontinuous Transmission on the BCCH frequency

Restriction of Frequency Hopping on the BCCH frequency

All the frequencies in the non-BCCH frequency band can be more efficiently
reused

There is one more timeslot available for traffic in the non-BCCH frequency
band

The number of defined cells and neighbor relations in a BSC of a multi band
cell network is reduced

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Common BCCH

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Reducing the number of neighbor


relation = Reducing the measurements
performed and reported by the MS
less

neighbor relations means less


restrictions on the total number of available
positions in measurement reports.
less neighbor relations lead to more
accurate measurements performed and
reported by the MS, since there is more
time available for measurements of each
neighbor
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Reduced number of defined cells and


neighbor relations

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Inter Cell Handovers

The offset (FBOFFS) is


added to the measured
signal strength of the active
channel at the non-BCCH
1800
frequency
band
(RxLevA), so the BSC can
locate the MS as if it would
be served by the BCCH 900
frequency band instead.

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Sub-Cell Load Distribution


Without Subcell Load Distribution acitvated, mobile stations within the OL
subcell service area will be served by the OL subcell even if there is a lot of
spare capacity in the UL subcell. This is generally undesirable since the OL
subcell frequencies may be more vulnerable to interference than the
frequencies in the UL subcell.

With Subcell Load Distribution activated, the OL subcell is only used when
the traffic in the UL subcell increases beyond a certain limit. Secondly, the
mobiles closest to the site are moved to the OL subcell, which means that
power control are more effective for the OL subcell and less interference is
spread.

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Change Sub-Cells from UL to OL


Only mobile stations that fulfill the
following three conditions for LOL,
TAOL and DTCB are allowed to
change subcells from UL to OL:
L < LOL - LOLHYST
TA< TAOL - TAOLHYST
SS(s) - SS(n) > DTCB

No SDCCH should be configured in OL subcell, which makes use of Subcell


Load Distribution, since it is only applicable to traffic channels. With SCLD
activated, only assignment to UL is allowed, which makes SDCCH in the OL
subcell inaccessible.

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Parameters for Multi Band


Cell Optimization
LOL : Path loss threshold. It defines the OL sub-cell coverage

border in terms of the path loss from the serving cell.


LOLHYST : Hysteresis for the path-loss criterion during
evaluations for the OL sub-cell coverage.
DTCB : Distance to cell border threshold. It defines the OL subcell coverage border in terms of the signal strength difference
between the active channel and the strongest neighboring
BCCHs.
DTCBHYST : Hysteresis for the DTCB criterion during
evaluations for the OL sub-cell coverage.
TAOL : Timing advance threshold. It defines the OL sub-cell
timing advance border.
TAOLHYST : Hysteresis for the timing advance criterion during
evaluations for the OL sub-cell coverage.

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Commands
RLOLC:CELL=cell,LOL=lol,LOLHYST=lolhyst,TAO
L=taol,TAOLHYST=taolhyst, DTCBN=dtcbn,
DTCBHYST=dtcbhyst;
The following command is an attempt to distribute traffic connections
from the underlaid subcell to the overlaid subcell

RLLLC:CELL=cell,SCLD=on/off,SCLDLUL=scldlul,
SCLDLOL=scldlol, SCLDSC=UL;

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CELL LOAD
SHARING
(CLS)
BACK TO MAIN MENU

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Cell Load Sharing Consists


of the Following Activities:
The traffic load in the cells are monitored
If a cell has too high load, MSs close to the cell

Border are made to perform a handover


The handovers are carried out if the receiving
cell has Low enough load

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There are two levels:


CLSLEVEL
if the amount of idle traffic channels is equal to or

decreases below CLSLEVEL in a cell, that cell


tries to rid itself of some traffic by initiating load
sharing handover to neighboring cells
CLSACC
if the amount of idle traffic channels is above load
CLSACC in a cell, that cell is prepared to accept
incoming load sharing handovers from other
cells.
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Conditions for neighboring


cell
The cell belongs to the same BSC
The cell belongs to the same HCS-layer
Incoming CLS handovers are allowed

(HOCLSACC=ON)

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CLS Parameters
Clsacc : Cell Load Sharing level above which a

cells traffic must remain if its to accept


handovers due to Cell Load Sharing.
Clslevel : Cell Load Sharing level at which a
cells traffic will cause Cell Load Sharing
evaluation.
Clsstate : State of Cell Load Sharing in the
cell : ACTIVE or INACTIVE.
Hoclsacc : Handover due to Cell Load
Sharing accepted : ON or OFF.
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Command
<RLLCP:CELL=ALL;

!CELL LOAD SHARING DATA!

CELL CLSSTATE

CLSLEVEL CLSACC HOCLSACC RHYST CLSRAMP

CellID1 INACTIVE

20

40

OFF

75

CellID2 INACTIVE

20

40

ON

75

CellID3 INACTIVE

20

40

OFF

75

RLLCC:CELL=HLM2,HOCLSACC=ON;

RLLCC:CELL=HLM3,HOCLSACC=ON;

RLLCI:CELL=HLM1&HLM2&HLM3;

RLLSI;
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Result after Activation of CLS

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CHANNEL ADMINISTRATION
BACK TO MAIN MENU

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The capability

of the feature channel


Administration is to select and allocate one or
more suitable channels in each traffic
situation the requires a set of cannels.
If several types of channels are possible to
allocate in a specific traffic situation, the
order in which the different types are
preferred is defined.

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Channel Administration
There are three main situations in which a set of
channels is allocated:
Immediate assignment when a connection is to be

established, a channel for signaling has to be


allocated. Depending on the traffic situation and the
chosen CHAP, the channel could be either a Stand
alone Dedicated Control Channel (SDCCH) or a Traffic
Channel (TCH).
Assignment - after an Immediate assignment on
SDCCH, when a channel for speech/data is needed, a
TCH has to be allocated.
Handover - when a connection in use is to be changed, a
new channel has to be allocated.

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Channel Administration Processing

A CHAP is a list of all possible Selection Type (STs). Each ST is assigned


one Resource Type Priority List (RTPL). There are eleven profiles to
choose among by the parameter CHAP. Each profile represents a
specific channel allocation strategy.
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Selection Type
The following data is needed to select a suitable channel:
Traffic Case

e.g. Assignment, Inter/Intra cell handover, Subcell change etc.

Preferred Subcell

Overlaid or Underlaid Subcell

Channel Mode
Speech/data or signaling

Channel Service
A list of channel type and speech versions/data rates in order of

preference

Multislot Data
Number of channels requested etc.

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Resource Type (RT)


An RT is a unique type of channel. It is a
combination of subcell, channel type and rate.

An MS can be assigned 6 different Resource


Types (RTs):
RT1.1 OL/TCH/FR

RT1.2 OL/TCH/HR
RT2.1 UL/TCH/FR
RT2.2 UL/TCH/HR
RT3 OL/SDCCH
RT4 UL/SDCCH
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Immediate Assignment on TCH / SDCCH


Immediate assignment on SDCCH
If signaling => remains on SDCCH
If speech/data => assignment to TCH

Immediate assignment on TCH


If SMS => transferred by the SACCH part
If signaling (LU, supplementary services etc.) =>

transferred by the FACCH part


If speech/data => change of channel mode at
assignment
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CHAPs

CHAP 0: Immediate Assignment on TCH is not allowed


CHAP 1: Immediate Assignment on TCH, SDCCH First
CHAP 2: Immediate Assignment on TCH, TCH First, GSM phase 2 MS,
Channel Needed provided by MSC
CHAP 3: Immediate Assignment on TCH, TCH First, GSM phase 2 MSs,
Channel Needed not provided by MSC
CHAP 4: Immediate Assignment on TCH, TCH First, GSM phase 1 MSs,
Channel Needed not provided by MSC
CHAP 5: Overlaid Subcell as last resort
CHAP 6: Immediate Assignment on TCH, SDCCH First, Overlaid Subcell as
last resort
CHAP 7: Operators choice
CHAP 8: BCCH in Overlaid subcell
CHAP 9: Inter cell handover and Assignment to other cell, restricted to
underlaid
CHAP 10: Inter cell handover and Assignment to other cell, overlaid subcell
as last resort
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CHAP 5
and
CHAP 6
CHAP 5: This profile provides a channel allocation strategy similar to the

default profile. However, if an UL subcell is preferred, and there is no


available idle channel in the UL subcell, an attempt is made to allocate a
channel from the OL subcell as a last resort. The purpose of this strategy
is to avoid unsuccessful handovers or blocked calls when the UL subcell is
congested, but there are available idle channels in the OL subcell. The
drawback is that the OL subcell may serve MSs outside its defined serving
area, which might lead to excessive interference.
CHAP 6: This profile combines the Immediate assignment allocation
strategy in profile 1 and the OL subcell as last resort strategy in profile 5.
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CONNECTION OF CELL TO CHANNEL ALLOCATION PROFILE


DATACONNECTION OF CELL TO CHANNEL ALLOCATION PROFILE DATA
(Command)

RLHPC:CELL=cell, CHAP=3;
RLHPP:CELL=cell;

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HIERARCHICAL CELL STRUCTURE


(HCS)

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HCS Discription
The HCS feature provides the possibility and

flexibility to give priority to cells that are not


strongest but provide sufficient received signal
strength. The priority of a cell is given by associating
a layer to the cell. Each layer is also belonging to a
HCS band. The lower the layer (and HCS band), the
higher the priority. The layer and band definition
should take consideration in several factors like:
Traffic distribution strategy among different cells;
Maximum traffic capacity for the cells;
Influence of interference on the cells, etc.

Up to eight layers (in up to eight bands) may be defined using


HCS
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CELL LOCATING HIERARCHICAL DATA

RLLHP:CELL=cellID;
CELL
CellID
HCSIN
0

TYPE LAYER LAYERTHR LAYERHYST PSSTEMP PTIMTEMP FASTMSREG


INT

75

10

OFF

HCSOUT
100
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Example of HCS Band and Layers

Technical Description
The layer threshold decides if the cell should be prioritized over stronger cells
of the same HCS band.
The band threshold decides if the cell should be prioritized over stronger cells
from other HCS bands

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Fast Moving Mobiles


To prevent fast moving mobiles form doing

HO to lower layer cells, a penalty is used


PSSTEMP : penalty SS offset
PTIMTEMP : penalty duration
The first time a cell is reported as a neighbor
to the serving cell of the fast moving mobile,
the cell is punished with PSSTEMP dB and
the punishment lasts for PTIMTEMP seconds
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AMR
(ADAPTIVE MULTI RATE)

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Why AMR?
Improve speech quality at low C/I
The robust FR channel that provides high

speech quality at low C/I , then apply tighter


frequency reuse in a network with high AMR
Possible to change speech codec during the
call , depending on interference conditions
The enhanced speech quality also provides
better coverage at the edges of the cell, thus
making it possible to increase the coverage
area.
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AMR General Information


Adaptive Multi Rate (AMR) is a new speech and channel

codec for both half rate and full rate channels. By adapting
the codec rate to the radio conditions the speech quality is
enhanced. At low C/I, a large amount of channel coding is
applied and less speech coding. When the C/I increases the
speech coding is increased and the channel coding is
decreased.
Both the BTS (uplink ) and the MS (downlink) continuously
measures the radio quality (C/I) and based on these
measurements the codec rate is changed. AMR requires
support in all network nodes, i.e. MSC, BSC, BTS and MS
and AMR is only supported in cells where all TRUs are AMR
capable.

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AMR FR/HF performance

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Concepts
Speech Version

FR SPV 1 = normal Full Rate


FR SPV 2 = enhanced Full Rate
FR SPV 3 = AMR Full Rate
HR SPV 1 = normal Half Rate
HR SPV 3 = AMR Half Rate

Channel Rate
Full Rate (22,8 kbps gross bit rate on air interface)
Half Rate (11,4 kbps gross bit rate)

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Technical Behaviors of AMR


vs. EFR

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RLSLP:CELL=MA0734F
CELL
SCTYPE
MA0734F
ACTIVE
YES

CHTYPE
BCCH
SDCCH
TCH
TCH
TCH
TCH
TCH
TCH
CBCH

CHRATE SPV LVA ACL NCH


1
A1
1
0
A2 16
FR
1
6
A3 29
FR
2
0
A3 29
FR
3
0
A3 29
FR
5
0
A3 29
HR
1
0
A3 58
HR
3
0
A3 58
0
A3 0

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Activation AMR and AMR Power


Control
AMR activated in the BSC:
RAEPC:AMRSUPPORT-1;

Power Control AMR activated per Cell


RLAPI:CELL=cellID;

CELL
CellID

AMRPCSTATE
INACTIVE

AMRPCSTATE: AMR power control state.

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DYNAMIC HR ALLOCATION
AND
DYNAMIC HR/FR
ADAPTATION

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Dynamic HR Allocation and Dynamic HR/FR


Adaptation
RLDHP:CELL=CellID

CELL
CellID

DHA
ON

DTHAMR DTHNAMR DTHAMRWB DHPRL DHPR


60
30

RLDHC:CELL=CellID, DHA=ON,DTHAMR=35,DTHNAMR=20;

DTHAMR
Dynamic HR Allocation threshold for Adaptive Multi Rate (AMR) capable
mobiles Indicates a percentage value of number of de-blocked full rate Traffic
Channels (TCHs) in the cell when Dynamic HR Allocation is enabled and the
mobile supports AMR HR. When the number of idle full rate TCHs in the cell is
above or equal to the value, FR TCHs will have precedence over HR TCHs. When
the number of idle FR TCHs in the cell is below to the value, HR TCHs will have
precedence over FR TCHs.

DTHNAMR
Dynamic HR Allocation threshold for non Adaptive Multi Rate (AMR) capable
mobiles performs as DTHAMR for mobile that not support AMR

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BTS AND MS POWER


CONTROL
BACK TO MAIN MENU

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Power Control
Power Control Capabilities are:

Interference
Battery Backup Power Consumption
Receiver Saturation
Quality and Signal Strength Impact

Power Control is fulfilled for:


Channel

Power Control

TCH

YES

BCCH

NO

SDCCH

YES

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BTS Power Control consists


of three stages

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Dynamic BTS
and MS Power
Controls
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Power Control Parameters

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Setting Parameters for Power control


RLLOC:CELL=CellID,BSTXPWR=x-5;
RLLOC:CELL=CellID,BSPWR=x-5, BSRXMIN=102,BSRXSUFF=110;
RLCPC:CELL=CellID,BSPWRB=x, BSPWRT=x;
<RLCPP:CELL=CellID;
CELL
TYPE BSPWRB BSPWRT MSTXPWR SCTYPE
CellID
INT
42
42
33

MSTXPWR: Maximum transmit power


for the Mobile Station (MS) on
connection.
SCTYPE : UL (sub-cell type is underlaid) and OL (sub-cell type is overlaid)
BSPWRB: Base Station output power
in dBm for the BCCH RF channel
number. The power is specified at the
Power
Amplifier
(PA)
output.
immediately after the transmitter unit
and before the combiner.
BSPWRT: Base Station output power
in dBm like BSPWRB but for the NONBCCH
RF
channel
number.

BSTXPWR is the BTS output power


on all frequencies other than the
BCCH frequency. It is defined at the
reference point used in the locating
algorithm.
BSRXMIN: Minimum required signal
strength received at the BTS, at the
reference point, to consider the cell as
a possible candidate for handover.
BSRXSUFF: Sufficient signal strength
received at the BTS, at the reference
point, to consider the cell selectable
for further ranking according to the
magnitude of the path loss.

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Dynamic BTS Power Control


Cell Data
RLBCC:CELL=cellID,SSDESDL=70,REGINTDL=5,SSLENDL=8,
LCOMPDL=50,QDESDL=55,QCOMPDL=30,QLENDL=20,
SDCCHREG=ON;
Desired signal strength is -70 dBm
Regulation interval, stationary, downlink is 5 SACCH periods , or
Defines the minimum interval between power order commands.
Length of downlink signal strength filter is 8 SACCH periods.
Path-loss compensator factor downlink is 50 percent , when set to
zero there is no power control towards SSDESDL.
Desired quality downlink is 55 dtqu
Quality deviation compensator factor downlink is 30 percent, When
set to zero, no quality compensation is performed.
Length of stationary quality filter downlink is 20 SACCH periods
SDCCH regulation switch is ON
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Dynamic MS Power Control


Cell Data
RLPCC:CELL=cellID,SSDESUL=70,SSLENUL=5,LCOMPUL=75,
QDESUL=50,QLENUL=20,QCOMPUL=40,REGINTUL=10,DTXFUL=16;

Desired signal strength uplink is 70 dBm

Length of signal strength filter uplink is 5 SACCH periods

Pathloss compensator factor uplink is 75 percent

Desired quality uplink is 50 dtqu transformed GSM quality units

Length of quality filter uplink is 20 SACCH periods

Quality deviation compensator factor uplink is 40 percent

Regulation interval uplink is 10 SACCH periods. A new power order is issued only if the
calculated power level is different from the current MS power level.

Number of measurement periods before full measurement periods are used, uplink is 16.
The full set of measurements is performed on each TDMA frame in a basic physical
channel. The subset of measurements is performed on those TDMA frames in the basic
physical where transmission is guaranteed. The power control algorithm uses the subset
if either DTX is used on a TCH or during a time period after the call has just been
established on a TCH.
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CELL SYSTEM INFORMATION


SACCH AND BCCH DATA

RLSSC:CELL=cell,ACCMIN=accmin,CCHPWR=cchpwr,CRH=crh,DTXU=dtxu,RLINKT=rlinkt;

ACCMIN : Access minimum signal level

CCHPWR: Control channel power This parameter changes the maximum Transceiver Power
Level (TXPWR) in dBm an MS may use when accessing on a Control Channel (CCH).

CHR: Cell reselect hysteresis This parameter changes the Received Signal Level (RXLEV)
hysteresis in dB for required cell reselection over location area border.

DTXU: Uplink DTX indicator. 0 The MSs may use Uplink DTX, 1 The MSs use uplink DTX and
2 The MSs do not use uplink DTX.

RLINKT: Radio link time-out on DL for non AMR This parameter changes the time before an
MS disconnects a call due to failure in decoding Slow Associated Control Channel (SACCH)
messages
for
non
Adaptive
Multi
Rate
(AMR).
The
parameter
is
given
as
number
of
SACCH
periods
(480ms).

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RLAPP:CELL=CellID;
CELL

AMRPCSTATE

CellID

ACTIVE

SCTYPE

SSDESDLAFR SSDESULAFR
90
SSDESDLAHR

90

92
SSDESULAHR

92

QDESDLAFR

QDESULAFR

40
QDESDLAHR

40
QDESULAHR

30

30

SSDESDLAWB SSDESULAWB QDESDLAWB QDESULAWB

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RLAPC:CELL=cell, SCTYPE =OL/UL , SSDESDLAFR = 90, SSDESULAFR=92,


QDESDLAFR =40, QDESULAFR,=40, SSDESDLAHR =90, SSDESULAHR =92,
QDESDLAHR =30, QDESULAHR = 30;

SSDESDLAFR= Desired signal strength for the


codec type AMR FR, downlink.
SSDESULAFR= Desired signal strength for the
codec type AMR FR, uplink.
QDESDLAFR=Desired quality for the codec type
Adaptive Multi Rate (AMR) Full Rate (FR),

downlink.
QDESULAFR= Desired quality for the codec type
AMR FR, uplink.
The rest of parameters are defined for HR as
above.
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IDLE MODE BEHAVIOR

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Idle Mode Behavior


The idle mode behavior is managed by the MS. It can be

controlled by parameters which the MS receives from the


base station on the Broadcast Control Channel (BCCH). All
of the main controlling parameters for idle mode behavior
are transmitted on the BCCH carrier in each cell. These
parameters can be controlled on a per cell basis.

Idle Mode Tasks:


PLMN Selection
Cell Selection
Cell Reselection
Location Updating
Monitor PCH (Paging Channel)
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Cell Priority
CBQ

CB

CELL SELECTION

CELL RE-SELECTION

HIGH

NO

NORMAL

NORMAL

HIGH

YES

BARRED

BARRED

LOW

NO

LOW

NORMAL

LOW

YES

LOW

NORMAL

When a cell is barred it will not be camped on by an MS in idle mode but an active (i.e. an
MS in dedicated mode) can perform handover to it.
Cells can have three levels of priority; barred, normal and low. Suitable cells that are of low
priority are only camped on if there are no other suitable cells of normal priority. The
priority of a cell is controlled by the Cell Bar Qualify parameter CBQ (only valid for mobiles
supporting GSM phase 2), in conjunction with the Cell Bar Access parameter , CB. It is
probably better to set CBQ to HIGH to speed up cell selection for phase 2 MSs since CBQ
makes no difference at cell reselection.

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C1 Criteria
C1>0

C1 = (received signal level ACCMIN) max(CCHPWR P, 0)


(received signal level ACCMIN) : Good enough downlink
max(CCHPWR P, 0) : To ensure good enough uplink
ACCMIN : minimum received signal in MS to allow access
CCHPWR: maximum MS power at access
P : maximum power output of MS according to its class

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C2 Criterion
C2 = C1 + CRO TO * H (PT - T)

if PT <> 31

C2 = C1 CRO

if PT = 31

H(x) = 0 if x < 0
H(x) = 1 if x 0

CRO : Cell reselection offset


TO : Temporary negative offset
PT : Time for application of a temporary offset
T : Timer

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Related Commands

RLSBP:CELL=cellID;

CELL

cellID

CB

MAXRET

TX

ATT

NO

32

YES

ACC

CLEAR

T3212 CBQ CRO TO


40

HIGH

PT

ECSC

YES

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SOME IMPORTANT
COMMANDS
BACK TO MAIN MENU

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Managed Object Commands

RXMOP : RADIO X-CEIVER ADMINISTRATION MANAGED OBJECT DATA


RXMOP:MO=RXOTG-tg;
RXMSP : RADIO X-CEIVER ADMINISTRATION MANAGED OBJECT STATUS
RXMSP:MO=RXOTG-tg;
RXCDP : RADIO X-CEIVER ADMINISTRATION MANAGED OBJECT CONFIGURATION DATA
RXCDP:MO=RXOTG-tg;
RXCAP : RADIO X-CEIVER ADMINISTRATION MANAGED OBJECT CAPABILITY
INFORMATION
RXCAP: MO=RXOCF-tg;
RXMFP : RADIO X-CEIVER ADMINISTRATION MANAGED OBJECT FAULT INFORMATION
RXMFP: MO=RXOCF-tg;
RXMFP: MO=RXOCF-tg,faulty;
RXAPP : RADIO X-CEIVER ADMINISTRATION MANAGED OBJECT Abis PATH PRINT
RXAPP:MO=RXOTG-tg;

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For CELL DESCRIPTION DATA


For Create:
RLDEC:CELL=cell+,CGI=cgi,BSIC=bsic,BCCHNO=bcchno,
AGBLK=agblk,MFRMS=mfrms,BCCHTYPE=bcchtype,IRC=on/off+;

For Print
RLDEP:Cell=CellID;
CELL
CGI
CellID
432-11-LAC-CI

TYPE
INT

BCCHTYPE
NCOMB

BSIC BCCHNO AGBLK MFRMS IRC


45
114
1
6
ON
FNOFFSET
0

XRANGE CSYSTYPE
NO
GSM900

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AGBLK: Number of reserved access grant blocks. This parameter

sets the number of Common Control Channel (CCCH) blocks


reserved for the access grant channel. The remaining CCCH blocks
are used for paging channel.
MFRMS: Multi-frames period This parameter sets period of
transmission for PAGING REQUEST messages to the same paging
subgroup. This parameter is expressed as the number of CCCH multiframes.
FNOFFSET: Frame number offset This parameter sets the time
difference from the Frame Number (FN) generator in the Base
Transceiver Station (BTS) expressed as a number of Time Division
Multiple Access (TDMA) frames.
IRC: Interference Rejection Combining To reduce the effect of
uplink interference and to improve quality.

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Resetting of one TG
RXBLI:MO=RXOTG-10,SUBORD,FORCE;
RXESE:MO=RXOTG-10,SUBORD;
RXESI:MO=RXOTG-10,SUBORD;
RXBLE:MO=RXOTG-10,SUBORD;

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HandOver Definition

Internal

RLNRC:CELL=CellIDB,CELLR=CellIDA,CS=NO,AWOFFSET=10;

RLMFC:CELL=CellIDB,MBCCHNO=CellIDA_bcch,MRNIC;

RLMFC:CELL=CellIDA,MBCCHNO=CellIDB_bcch,MRNIC;

External

RLDEI:CELL=CellIDC,CSYSTYPE=GSM900, EXT;

RLDEC:CELL=CellIDC,CGI=432-11-LAC-CI,BSIC=bsic,BCCHNO=cellIDC_bcch;

RLLOC:CELL=CellIDC,BSPWR=47,
BSRXMIN=120,BSRXSUFF=0,MSRXMIN=102,MSRXSUFF=0,SCHO=OFF,MISSNM=3,AW=OFF,BSTXPWR=35
,EXTPEN=OFF;

RLCPC:CELL=CellIDC,MSTXPWR=33;

RLLHC:CELL=CellIDC,LAYER=6,LAYERTHR=75,LAYERHYST=2,PSSTEMP=10,PTIMTEMP=5,FASTMSRE
G=ON;

RLNRI:CELL=CellIDA,CELLR=CellIDC,SINGLE;

RLMFC:CELL=CellIDA,MBCCHNO=cellIDC_bcch,MRNIC;

P.S. The some parameters are different for 900 and 1800 bands , check these in ALEX and the External part
must be implement in two BSC
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View of CELL RESOURCES


RLCRP:CELL=ALL;

CELL
CellID1
CellID2
CellID3
CellID4
CellID5
CellID6

BCCH CBCH SDCCH NOOFTCH QUEUED


1
0
16
13- 26
0
1
0
16
37- 74
0
1
0
16
45- 90
0
1
0
16
13- 26
0
1
0
16
61-122
0
1
0
24
28- 56
0

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Some important commands

RLCCC:CELL=cell,CHGR=chgr,SDCCH=sdcch,CBCH=cbch,TN=tn;
This command changes SDCCH/8 configuration data in a channel group.

RLSTC: CELL=cell, STATE=halted/active;


The command is used to change the state of a cell or channel group.

RLSTP:CELL=cell;
The command will initiate the printout CELL STATUS for the internal cell

RLLDC:CELL=cell,MAXTA=maxta,RLINKUP=rlinkup;
This command is used to handle locating disconnect data in a cell

RLLUC:CELL=cell,QLIMUL=qlimul,QLIMDL=qlimd,,QLIMULAFR=qlimulafr,
QLIMDLAFR=qlimdlafr, TALIM=talim,CELLQ=cellq;
By this command the Timing advance limit for handover and cell quality are
defined per cell

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Instance MO Configuration Data


rxcdp:mo=rxotg-Tg;
Command RXCDP is used

to initiate printing of
managed object
configuration data for one
or more managed object
instances.
The answer printout
indicates how each
managed object specified
in the MO parameter is
configured.

Examples

RXCDP:MO=RXETG-0&&-3;

Configuration data for all managed objects


within TGs 0 to 3 inclusive all related RX, TS
and TX.

RXCDP:MO=RXETS-2-3-0&&-7;

Configuration data for all TSs connected to


TRXC 3 within TG 2.

RXCDP:MO=RXORX-4-0;

Configuration data for the RX connected to


TRXC 0 within TG 4.

RXCDP:MO=RXETX-3-15;

Configuration data for TX 15 connected to


TG 3.

RXCDP:MO=RXOTX-3-15;

A printout of configuration data for the TX


connected to TRXC 15 within TG 3.

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EDGE and GPRS

RLGSP : cell=CellID;

CELL

CellID

GPRSSUP BVCI FPDCH GAMMA PSKONBCCH LA CHCSDL


YES

ENABLED

ON

CS2

SCALLOC PDCHPREEMPT MPDCH PRIMPLIM SPDCH FLEXHIGHGPRS EFACTOR

UL

NO

RXAPP : mo=rxotg-95;
MO
RXOTG-95

DEV
DCP APUSAGE APSTATE
64K TEI
RBLT2-1
1
UNDEF
IDLE
NO
..
RRBLT2-6
6 MPLEX16
IDLE
NO

RBLT2-31
31 UNCONC SPEECH/DATA YES
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All Modifying commands for


AFP
RLCHC : CELL= CellID, CHGR=channel Group ,HOP= hopping

,HSN=hopping sequence No. ,MAIO=Mobile Allocation Index Offset


RLDEC : CELL= CellID, BCCHNO=BCCH;
RLSTC : CELL= CellID, STATE=HALTED;
RLDEC : CELL= CellID, BSIC=basic;
RLDTC:CELL= CellID, CHGR=channel Group ,TSC=Training Sequence
Code ;
RLSTC : CELL= CellID, STATE=ACTIVE;
Change frequency in BAL all neighbors
( RLMFC : CELL=CellID, MBCCHNO= bcch, MRNIC;)

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References

BSS INTEGRATION, EN/LZT 123 5231 R1A, Ericsson Course

GSM Radio Network Features, 03813-LZU 108 3704 Uae Rev F

Mohammad Rasoul Tanhatalab, Root Cause Analysis and New Practical Schemes for
Improving of SDCCH Accessing in Cellular Networks, IEEE ICICES 2013

RBS 6000 INFORMATION TO PRESENTERS, Commercial in confidence , 25/221 09 FGB 101 558 Uen, Rev C , 2012-06-28 .

GSM Radio Network Features ,STUDENT BOOK, LZT1380719 R1A

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