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Table: Soil Erosion Statistics of Assam:

a) Total Cultivable area in Assam

34,60,082 ha

b) Area affected by Soil Erosion

1,93,000 ha

c) Area under Wasteland & Degraded Land

2,71,556 ha

d) Area affected by shifting cultivation

1,70,000 ha

e) Average area being eroded due to flood and soil erosion problems

6,500 ha

f) Average area affected by Flood annually

4,50,000 ha

g) Average annual rainfall in Assam

2,4000 mm

h) Total Annual Silt Load of Brahmaputra (1990)

At Bhurbandha

3,59,241 Cu.M

At Pandu

4,94,357 Cu.M

i) Annual Soil Erosion rate (1990)

Jia Bharali River

4,721 Tonnes per Sq.Km

Puthimari River

2,887 Tonnes per Sq.Km

Table: Estimated area affected by soil erosion in Assam by various land utilization classes

Sl. No.

Land utilization classes

Area in hectares

Cultivable land

7,70,000

Forest land

8,83,000

Pasture and grazing land

74,000

Non-agricultural land

1,82,000

Barren land

3,08,000

Source: Soil Conservation Directorate, Govt. of Assam

Table: Estimated area affected by soil erosion in Assam under special problems

Sl. No.

Land utilization classes

Area in hectares

Shifting cultivation

1,70,000

Surface flooding

4,50,000

Source: Soil Conservation Directorate, Govt. of Assam

Table: Land Utilization in Assam (area million acres)


Year

Forest

Not available for


cultivation

Uncultivated land excluding


current fallow

Current fallow

Net area sown

Total area
28.26

5 of net area
sown to total
area
12.3

Area sown
more than
once
0.33

% of a
than on
sown a
9.5

1911-12

2.28

5017

14.95

2.39

3.47

1941-42

4.14

4.24

17.55

1.49

5.00

1950-51

4.20

4.25

16.81

1.85

5.50

32.42

15.5

0.75

15.0

32.61

16.9

0.81

14.7

Source: Economic Development of Assam by P.C. Goswami

Table: Land use Pattern in Assam, Satellite base data, 1990 (area in hectares)

Sl. No.

Land use class

Total area (in hectare)

% to total area

Built-up land

21147

0.27

Agricultural land

4248639

54.11

Forest land

1726387

21.9

Wastelands

1060602

13.50

Water bodies

557180

7.10

Others

238346

3.02

Source: Assam Remote Sensing Application Centre

Table: Estimated number of operational holdings by size classes and types, Assam,

1995-96

Sl. No

Size class (area in hectare)

Number of Operational holding


Individual

Joint

Institutional

Total

Below 0.5

1027193

8587

1073

1036853

0.5 - 1.0

623929

7570

900

632399

1.0 - 2.0

551203

7834

2041

561078

2.0 - 3.0

237703

3507

405

241615

3.0 - 4.0

107786

1640

204

109630

4.0 - 5.0

49509

876

97

50482

5.0 - 7.5

37861

911

142

38914

7.5 - 10.0

6629

261

112

7022

10.0 - 20.0

2589

164

298

3051

10

20.0 and above

369

74

1510

1953

11

All size

2644771

31444

6782

2682997

Source: Statistical Handbooh of Assam, 2003

Table: District wise distribution of Built up land, Assam, 1990

Barpeta

3255

Bongaigaon

138

Cachar

592

Darrang

191

Dhemaji

208

Dhubri

513

Dibrugarh

911

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Goalpara

175

10

Hailakandi

486

11

Jorhat

404

12

Kamrup

7960

13

Karbi Anglong

129

14

Karimganj

1434

15

Kokrajhar

703

16

Lakhimpur

338

17

Morigaon

278

18

Nalbari

229

19

N.C. Hills

187

20

Nagaon

590

21

Sibsagar

924

22

Sonitpur

135

23

Tinsukia

972

Total

21147 (0.20%)

395

Designed by Web.com(India) P

Source: Assam Remote Sensing Application Centre

Table: District wise distribution of Agricultural land, Assam, 1990

Sl. No.

District

Area

Kharif

Rabi

Double crop

Net area sown

Plantation

Fallow land

Total

Barpeta

330730

173206

194003

139345

227864

12892

837

241593

Bongaigaon

31335

22099

--

18277

3822

11389

--

15211

Cachar

377927

103035

57878

38894

122019

34558

--

156577

Darrang

346530

180497

99298

82835

196960

57239

952

255151

Dhemaji

314312

212991

25000

119061

118930

55805

--

174735

Dhubri

274550

135906

126398

110167

152137

573

21306

174016

Dibrugarh

346763

117253

43695

20969

139979

80156

--

220135

Goalpara

253045

130363

43850

25573

148640

969

3340

152949

Golaghat

354100

122844

57555

33102

147297

93898

1186

242381

10

Hailakandi

132293

98270

--

1723

96547

38640

--

135187

11

Jorhat

291470

21293

60998

43886

38405

61100

4815

104320

12

Kamrup

473380

235840

156516

145867

246489

25894

1939

274322

13

Karbi Anglong

1033200

135612

129280

12980

251912

8722

--

260634

14

Karimganj

183900

48938

28596

24658

52876

36093

1121

90090

15

Kokrajhar

471650

264186

243137

238979

268344

15435

3709

287488

16

Lakhimpur

250328

92985

90875

110499

73361

47365

--

120726

17

Morigaon

121966

67968

18972

33914

53026

646

9868

63540

18

Nalbari

202480

137161

89445

82122

144484

20989

7892

173365

19

N.C. Hills

489000

6290

1748

1748

6290

--

--

6290

20

Nagaon

431905

283772

202479

154659

331592

30431

3281

365304

21

Sibsagar

260290

105068

23278

15304

113042

100455

--

213497

22

Sonitpur

525520

215966

51059

29498

237527

55682

3937

297146

23

Tinsukia

355626

46752

451

2981

44222

179760

--

223982

7852300

2958295 (37.6%)

1744511 (22.3%)

1487041 (18.9%)

3215765 (40.96%)

68691 (12.3%)

64183 (0.8%)

4248639 (

Total

Agricultural Land ( area in hectare)

Table: District wise distribution of Forestland, Assam, 1990

Sl. No.

District

Forest Land (in Hectare)


Evergreen/ semi evergreen

Deciduous

Degraded/ Degrade land

Forest Plantation

Total

Barpeta

--

19413

--

3998

23411

Bongaigaon

--

2062

3292

--

5354

Cachar

128651

--

14302

--

14295

Darrang

12149

--

10368

698

23215

Dhemaji

45096

--

1806

--

46902

Dhubri

8535

37990

--

--

46525

Dibrugarh

29036

12452

3787

--

45275

Goalpara

--

4935

9732

8183

22850

Golaghat

17084

--

13521

--

30605

10

Hailakandi

35165

--

15289

--

50454

11

Jorhat

25221

--

2403

--

27624

12

Kamrup

--

64281

37839

15140

11726