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Design a corbel to support a factored load of 500KN at a distance of 200mm from the face

of a column 300mm x 300mm. Adopt M-35 grade concrete and Fe-415 HYSD bars. Sketch
the details of reinforcement details.
DATA:
Assume the load as factored load
Factored load

= Fv = 500KN

Width of column = Length of Corbel = 300 mm


Shear span

= av = 200 mm

Materials: M-35 grade concrete (fck =35 N/mm2),


Fe-415 HYSD bars (fy = 415 N/mm2)
Dimension of corbel
Bearing Length

= Width of Column = 300 mm

Using a bearing plate of length = 300 mm , the bearing pressure is calculated


Bearing pressure = 0.8fck = 0.8x 35 = 28 N/mm2
Width of plate

= 59.52 mm

Therefore provide a minimum width of 100 mm and adopt a bearing plate 100 x 300
mm
Estimation of depth:

c,max =

3.7 N/mm2 . (From table -20, IS 456 for M-35 grade

concrete)
d=

=
= 450.45 mm
Adopt effective depth,

= 475 mm

Total depth at support, Ds = (d + cover + diameter of bar)


= (475 + 40 +10)
= 525 mm
Depth at face,

Df = (0.5 Ds)
= (0.5 x 525)
= 263 mm

Check for strut action:


Ratio (av / d)

=
= 0.42 < 0.6 , Hence acts as a corbel

Determination of Lever arm (z):

Using the Eq.

Where,

Kv =

=
= 0.114

= 0.42

= 0.79

)( )

= 0.213
Substituting, we have

( )

Solving we get,

Therefore

0.74

z = 0.74 x d
= 0.74 x 475
= 351.5mm
d z = 0.4x
475 351.5 = 0.4x
x = 308.75 mm

Therefore

=
= 0.65 > the limiting value of 0.48 for Fe-415 bars (pg 70 IS 456)

Hence adequate steel should be used in compression also.


Resolution of forces:
Ft =

Ft not less than 0.5Fv = 0.5 x 500

Area of Tension reinforcement:

= 284.5
= 250 kN
= 285.5 kN

= 0.0035 x

= 0.00188
From fig 3 of SP-16 or T.A pg 6 of SP-16 read out stress corresponding to strain s =
0.00188 , fs = 322 N/mm2
But Fh = 0
= 882.71 mm2
Use 5 bars of 16mm diameter (Ast = 1005.31 mm2)
Check for minimum and maximum reinforcement:

= 0.6 > 0.4 but < 1.3 percent


Hence satisfactory.
Area of shear reinforcement:
Asv(min) =

=
= 502.66mm2

Provide 4 numbers of 10 mm diameter 2 legged horizontal links in the upper two


third (Asv = 628 mm2).

Spacing of links = Sv =

= 75mm

Shear capacity of section :


Using table -19 of IS 456-2000, M-35 grade concrete and 0.6 percent steel.
c = 0.536 N/mm2 and ( ) = 0.42
Enhanced Shear Strength

= 2.55 N/mm2

Shear Capacity of Concrete, Vc =

= 363.71 kN
Shear Capacity of Steel

=
= 359 kN
Total Shear Capacity

= 363.71 + 359
= 722.71 kN > 500 kN

Design a corbel to support a factored load of 250KN at a distance of 200mm from the face
of a column 300mm x 300mm. Adopt M-25 grade concrete and Fe-415 HYSD bars. Sketch
the details of reinforcement details.
DATA:
Assume the load as factored load
Factored load

= Fv = 250KN

Width of column = Length of Corbel = 300 mm


Shear span

= av = 200 mm

Materials: M-25 grade concrete (fck =25 N/mm2),


Fe-415 HYSD bars (fy = 415 N/mm2)
Dimension of corbel
Bearing Length

= Width of Column = 300 mm

Using a bearing plate of length = 300 mm , the bearing pressure is calculated


Bearing pressure = 0.8fck = 0.8x 25 = 20 N/mm2
Width of plate

= 41.67 mm

Therefore provide a minimum width of 100 mm and adopt a bearing plate 100 x 300
mm
Estimation of depth:

c,max =

3.1 N/mm2 . (From table -20, IS 456 for M-35 grade

concrete)
d=

=
= 268.82 mm
Adopt effective depth,

= 350 mm

Total depth at support, Ds = (d + cover + diameter of bar)


= (350 + 40 +10)
= 400 mm
Depth at face,

Df = (0.5 Ds)
= (0.5 x 300)
= 200 mm

Check for strut action:


Ratio (av / d)

=
= 0.57 < 0.6 , Hence acts as a corbel

Determination of Lever arm (z):

Using the Eq.

Where,

Kv =

=
= 0.108

)( )

= 0.57

= 0.84

= 0.16
Substituting, we have

( )

Solving we get,

Therefore

0.77

z = 0.83x d
= 0.77 x 350
= 269.5mm
d z = 0.4x
350 269.5 = 0.4x
x = 201.25 mm

Therefore

=
= 0.575 < the limiting value of 0.48 for Fe-415 bars (pg 70 IS 456)

Hence adequate steel should be used in compression also.


Resolution of forces:

Ft =

= 185.53

Ft not less than 0.5Fv = 0.5 x 250

= 125 kN
= 185.53 kN

Area of Tension reinforcement:

= 0.0035 x

= 0.00259
From fig 3 of SP-16 or T.A pg 6 of SP-16 read out stress corresponding to strain s =
0.00259 , fs = 347.43 N/mm2
But Fh = 0
= 524 mm2
Use 3 bars of 16mm diameter (Ast = 603.19 mm2)
Check for minimum and maximum reinforcement:

= 0.57 > 0.4 but < 1.3 percent


Hence satisfactory.
Area of shear reinforcement:
Asv(min) =

=
= 301.6 mm2

Provide 2 numbers of 10 mm diameter 2 legged horizontal links in the upper two


third (Asv = 314.16 mm2).

Spacing of links = Sv =

= 58.33mm = 50 mm

Shear capacity of section :


Using table -19 of IS 456-2000, M-25 grade concrete and 0.6 percent steel.
c = 0.5124 N/mm2 and ( ) = 0.57
Enhanced Shear Strength

= 1.8 N/mm2
Shear Capacity of Concrete, Vc =

= 188.79 kN
Shear Capacity of Steel

=
= 396.8 kN
Total Shear Capacity

= 188.79 + 396.8
= 585.59 kN > 500 kN