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QUESTIONS ON TRANSFORMER

2 Why we are having many type of vector group in the transformer, what is the use of it?
3 Why it is important to earth neutral of 3 phase transformer?
4

In a 11000/440 V transformer, when any one phase of 11 KV supply fails (ie. single phasing), what
happens to the secondary voltage and why?

5 What will be happen if we apply D.C supply to the transformer


6 What is the difference between power transformer and distribution transformer?
What is the effect of connecting three phase supply lines to three phase auto transformer output
7 terminals through a fuse of 10Amp and a circuit breaker (MCB). Is this connection permanently destroy
the transformer?
8

FOR WHICH FAULTS OR CONDITIONS DOES A TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION


DOES NOT OPERATE?

9 Why dc power cannot be used in transformer?


10 how to test vector group of Dy11 transformer
11

What core magnetic balance test of transformer? How to do this test in a three phase Star delta (starLV, Delta-HV) transformer? How to measure and where to measure? thanks and regards Austin

12 Can we connect transformer with star connected secondary to delta connected primary in series?
13 WHAT IS NORMAL VECTOR GROUP USED FOR DESIGNING OF TRANSFORMERS?
15

What is the difference between CRNO and CRGO in a transformer and what are the advantages of
these two.

16

Why we should use delta connection in primary and star connection in an distribution transformer,
which converts 400 V AC voltage to 33kV.

17 Why the transformer rating is denoted in VA rating why not in KW


18 Why transformer rating in kVA ?
19 whats the advantage and disadvantage in TUMETIC model transformer
22 What are methods to avoid the inrush current at the time of starting of power transformer?
23 What will happen if we parallel two transformers with different % impedance?
24 where we use zero sequence current transformer or core balancing CT.
25 Why DC current not used in Transformer action?
27

What are the consequences in using existing step up transformer (primary 6.6kV/175A, secondary
480v/2405A) for step down transformer to have a 6.6kV output?

28 If 50hz transformer is required to be run on 60% frequency what needs to be done?

29 Why DC current is not used in transformer?


30 Why the Transformer Neutral is grounded?
31 How winding temperature detects in power transformer...?
32

In a 3 phase squirrel cage induction motor why does rotor rotate? Will 3 phase transformer rotate like a
motor if it is placed on bearings and powered up? give reason

34 what is saturation in transformer


35

If one tertiary phase i.e. R, Y or B is earthed of a loaded type tertiary delta connected (Without load) of
a power auto transformer, what is its advantage/disadvantage?

36 What is relation between vector group of transformer and its load harmonics?
37 What will be the average KVA rating of Auto Transformer for 75kw 415V , 3phase induction motor
39 How we calculate air gap between phases & terminal box of the transformer? Any formula?
41 How to take Transformer oil Break down voltage test?
42 How to take Vector group test of Transformer?
43 How to take of Transformer oil Break down voltage test?
44 How to make vector group test of transformer?
45 transformers parts & function of each parts
46 New installation how many earthing have one transformer? Names of earthing connect places?
47 What is the method to measure the transformer current carrying capacity in three phase.
48

What is different between DOL(Direct on line starter), VSD, S/S(Soft starter), and A/T(Auto
Transformer)

49

how to calculate sizing of NGTR (Transformer rating, Loading resistor value and Current rating of
resistor) and what is the X/R ratio. Details : 11kV,Capacitance 1.73532 micro farads,40kA for 1sec.

51 What is an isolation Transformer?


54

CONSIDER A 415V/200V STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER.CAN WE USE USE IT AS STEP UP


TRANSFORMER BY GIVING 200V IN SECONDARY AND TAKING OUTPUT FROM PRIMARY?

57 What is inrush current in a transformer?


60

How can we calculate the fault level of the distribution system knowing the percentage impedance of
transformer & subsequent equipments?

61

How to find transformer is in normal position? Whether its in charged condition or not? Except
humming sound?

62 Stator of three phase induction motor creates Rotating Magnetic field. But why not Transformer?

63

In step down transformer (415/200V), mistakenly secondary side is connected to 415V for some hours,
what would be result of this condition?

64

Why we step down voltage level from 33kV to 11kV and 11kV to 415v.Instead we can step down
voltage from 33kV to 415v directly using single transformer.

65

Do I need a special Transformer to put 240 VAC 3 phase into it and and get 480 VAC 3 phase out of it
to run a machine? Or, do I just use an ordinary step down transformer and step up the voltage? Thanks

67 Electrical Diagram of Electric Arc Furnace from transformer to Furnaces


68 Procedure for conducting vector group test on power transformers. Why it is conducted?

69

Why for transformer protection we protect transformer from 3rd harmonics and 5th harmonics and what
is the reason of generating these harmonics in electrical system?

70

State the difference between Three winding transformers and Two winding transformers? Where its
used?

73

How to conduct Magnetic Balance Test, Measurement of Excitation Current (both on HV- and LV-side)
and vector group on a 1000 KVA distribution transformer. There is a neutral on HV side.

74 what is direct discharge of power transformer


75 Is voltage & potential transformer are the same? Are they used for same application?
76 What is the difference between voltage transformer and potential transformer?
77 Can we step up dc power using transformer?
78 11kV/0.433kV, 2 MVA, transformer, for protection and metering how many CT/PT are required?
79 How to calculate knee point voltage of current transformer?
80

Motor also having losses, we call KW rating. In transformer and generator having losses but we call
KVA Rating why?

81

When a square wave is applied to primary of a transformer then what will be output wave form of
secondary?

82 What is band pass of a transformer?


83

In case of delta/delta transformer if the one phase is blown out then what will be secondary line
voltage?

85 What is auto transformer?

86

For 500mw power production how many range of transformer set in unit please reply if three
transformer use.

87 what are the types of transformers


2 Diesel Generators 900KVA connected to the bus bar for essential load as an alternative for power
taken from 11/440V 3KVA Transformer supplying this bus bar. my question here is in the event of
88
power failure on 11KV side can I feed the power to 11 KV bus by using the same transformer as
reverse feed, what will be the inrush current?
89 All tape of electrical questions Answers tape of motor transformer e.o.t crane
90

What are the technical reasons for soaking transformers for various times before allowing them to pick
load after a fault?

91 How is a 100 MVA transformer cooled?


92 Why transformer ratings in kVA?
93 Why is the rating of transformer done in kVa and not in kW.
94 why is the vector group analysis done in transformer tests

95

What is meant by transformer, why it should be used, without that equipment what happens if we
transformed the supply?

96 What are the tests to be taken on a transformer and generator?


97 What are the different protection systems used to protect the transformer internally and externally?
99 What is the max demand on your transformer and your company?
101 Why do we rate transformer in KVA not in KW?
102

Why are we employing star type transformer at transmission end and delta type transformer at receiving
end?

103 Is possible to increase the voltage without using transformer? Why?


104 Why is the transformer rated in KVA?
105 What will happen if we apply dc volt across transformer?
106 When there is a sudden loss in the demand what happens to the transformer and generation?
107 Why the transformer will burn if DC supply is given?
108 Use of NGTR(Neutral Grounding Transformer and Resistor) for grounding is helpful and how
109 Why is it not good to operate a transformer above its nominal voltage?
110 How can you test the oil of transformer?
111 What is the difference between isolation transformers and step up or step down transformer?
112 What is an isolation transformer?

113 What is the difference between current transformer and voltage transformer?
114 What is the difference between a balanced transformer and an unbalanced transformer?
115 What is the use of Earthing Transformer?
116 What is the difference between a step-up and a step-down transformer?
117 What is saturation in current transformers?
118 What is a dry-type transformer?
119 What is a step-up transformer?
120 How can you test the vector group of power transformers?
121 What are the parts of a transformer?
122 What is the definition of an industrial transformer?
123 What is a distribution transformer?
124 What is the difference between the working principle of an amplifier and a transformer?

125

I am are moving from Brazil to Europe The electric items tv kitchen appliances here are 110V60hz Can
I use these in Europe with 220V50hz using a 110-220V transformer or do I need to do something else?

126

If you put a 60W 120V bulb in a 120V lamp that has a transformer for 240V and plug it into a 240V
outlet will it work or blow the circuitry?

127

Is it necessary to use three winding transformer or two winding one is enough when we have svc in the
network?

128 What is the Excitation Current of a transformer?


129 Give a brief explanation what is meant by transformer turn ratio?
130 What is a potential transformer?
132 Why Lighting Transformers are used?
133

What is the function of a grounding transformer in a dc electric locomotive and what would make it heat
up?

134 How we select a transformer by vector group?


135 Why transformer action can take place in DC circuit?
136 How do you connect 1 phase 480 - 240 primary transformer connections to a 3 phase power supply?
137 Why isolation transformer in forward converter?
139 Why transformer doesn't work on DC supply?
140 What does a transformer do?
141 If a voltage transformer has turns ratio 5 to 1 Which side has a larger wire?
142 How is the flow of current in a transformer?
143 Two phase supply to transformer in panels taking out single phase supply?

144 How do you detect an inter-turn fault on transformers?


145

How do you determine the number of distribution transformers required to adequately supply a large
development area where the actual loads to be supplied are not known?

146 What are the connections on a transformer?


147 What do you understand by regulation in a transformer?
148 What is power transmission transformer?
149 What happens to a transformer when dc is followed by ac?
150 Whether three phase x rated transformer feed x3 or x rated single phase loads?
151 Can you use a 400Hz transformer in a 60Hz system?
152 How do you test a current transformer?
153 What are the faults in a distribution transformer?
154 What does Earth ground isolating class 2 transformers mean?
155 How does an earth leakage transformer work?
156 Why the voltage at the remote end is lesser than the end near to transformer?
157 What is linear variable differential transformer?
158 How is power distributed in step up transformers?
159 What is inherent voltage regulation of an on-load tap changer for power transformer?
160 How do you know if a transformer is reversible?
161 How do utility companies dispose of old transformers?
162 How do you measure phase difference between 3phase and a single phase transformer at 400 Hz?
163 What does CL of a current transformer signifies?
164 Why transformers are called in MVA?
165

If DC is applied to the primary of a transformer is there any current in the secondary and if there is then
whether ac or dc?

166 How many Horse power can be connected to a 500KVa transformer?


167 What is epoxy resin cast transformer?
168

The energy can be transformed if and only if some opposition occurs but if you consider secondary of
transformer as transforming circuit so where is the opposition?

169 Why is it not good to operate a transformer above its nominal voltage?
170 How can you test the oil of transformer?
171 What is the difference between isolation transformers and step up or step down transformer?
172 What is an isolation transformer?
173 What is the difference between current transformer and voltage transformer?

174 What is the difference between a balanced transformer and an unbalanced transformer?

175

Determine the secondary and primary current for a transformer which has primary voltage 1440V and
secondary 240V and turns ratio of 6 if the secondary is loaded with a resistive load of 60 ohms?

176 Excitation current in transformers?


177 Magnetization current in transformers?
179 What is the effect of transformer when load are disconnect?
180 What is the best transformer or whatever to use for generating the highest voltage in a running car?
181 Why are the first few turns of high voltage transformer coils especially well insulated?
182 Differentiate step-up transformers from step-down transformers?
183 Behaviour of direct current in transformer?
184 How do you figure-out step of build a transformer?
185

A transformer is used to step down a voltage of 11kV to 220 volts. Given that the primary coil has 3200
turns what is the number of turns on the secondary coil?

187 What does oxygen in transformer oil interpret?


188 How do you design a three phase to single phase transformer 415v input 220v output 15kVa?
189 Operation test on poly phase transformer after manufacture?
190 Why voltages are increased if neutral is not grounded of three phase transformer?
191 Explain with neat diagrams construction and working principle of a single phase transformer?
192

What is standby earth fault protection And how it is to be coordinated with transformer primary over
current relaying DYn11 transformer?

193 What are the General types of current transformers?


194 What happen if the coil of a transformer has a high resistance?
195 What is the output voltage of a transformer if the turns ratio is 0.5?
196

What happen for input voltage output voltage input current output current and kVa if we increase
primary winding in transformer?

197

Why Transformer Neutral having one earth pit (more earth electrode resistance) whereas body have
many earth pit (less earth electrode resistance)?

199 why transformer not work in dc


200 How much percentage (%) of load can feed in power transformer?
201 Between Star-Delta & Star-Star Power transformers which one is efficient for Earth Fault?

202 Why we are mostly using a single 3-phase transformer instead of three 1-phase transformers?
203 What type of relays used in transformers?
204 Transformer's core is made up of which material and why so?
205 What is the meaning of Dyn11 of Transformer?
206 why transformer core is earthed?
207 On what basis no of earth pits are to be decided either for transformers or for equipment?
208 What is transformer saturation?
209 Why transformer rating in kVa?
210 what is the minimum dielectric strength of transformer oil.
How do determine the Size of a Droop Current Transformer for Paralleling of Two Generators, Say I
211 need a Droop Current transformer for a 600 kW generator need to be parallel with a 800 kW generator,
etc.
212 What is transformer break down voltage? And what is flash oil flash point.
213 Why transformer is giving some humming noise .....?
214 What will happen if the secondary of current transformer kept open....
215 At what distance power transformer can be placed from generating?