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What is Piping

An attempt to ex plain process piping engineering basics in detail to help all the process piping engineering
professionals around the world.





Caesar II





Codes & Standards

Static Analy sis
Spring hangers:
Common interview Questions
Spring Hanger
with Answers
1 3 th June 2 01 4


interv iew

0 Com m ents


Using a Spring hanger in y our Stress Package..Here are

the questions y ou should able to answer before using it
1 . What is the main difference between Constant and
V ariable Spring Hanger? When to use these hangers?
Ans: In Constant Spring hanger the load remains constant
throughout its trav el range. But In v ariable Spring
hanger the load v aries with displacement.
Spring hangers are used when thermal displacements are
upwards and piping sy stem is lifted off from the support
position. V ariable spring hanger is preferable as this is
less costly .
Constant springs are used:
a) When thermal displacement ex ceeds 50 mm
b) When v ariability ex ceeds 25%
c) Sometimes when piping is connected to strain sensitiv e equipment like steam turbines, centrifugal
compressors etc and it becomes v ery difficult to qualify nozzle loads by v ariable spring hangers, constant
spring hangers can be used.
2. What do y ou mean by v ariability ? What is the industry approv ed limit for v ariability ?
Ans: V ariability = (Hot Load-Cold load)/Hot load= Spring Constant*displacement/Hot load.

Limit for v ariability for v ariable spring hangers is 25%.

3. What are the major parameters y ou must address while making a Spring Datasheet?
Ans: Major parameters are: Spring TAG, Cold load/Installed load, V ertical and horizontal mov ement, Piping
design temperature, Piping Material, Insulation thickness, Hy drotest load, Line number etc.

5. How to calculate the height of a V ariable Spring hanger?

Ans: Select the height from v endor catalogue based on spring size and stiffness class.
For base mounted v ariable spring hanger the height is mentioned directly . It is the spring height.
For top mounted v ariable spring hangers ass spring height with turnbuckle length, clamp/lug length and rod
6. Can y ou select a proper Spring hanger if y ou do not make it program defined in y our software? What is the
Ans: In y our sy stem first decide the location where y ou want to install the spring. Then remov e all nearby
supports which are not taking load in thermal operating case. Now run the program and the sustained load
on that support node is y our hot load. The thermal mov ement in that location is y our thermal mov ement
for y our spring. Now assume a v ariability for y our spring. So calculate Spring constant=Hot
load*v ariability /displacement. Now with spring constant and hot load enter any v endor catalogue to select
spring inside the trav el range.
7 . Why horizontal displacement is specified in datasheet? What will y ou do if the angle due to displacement
is more than 4 degree?
Ans: For bottom mounted springs it is mentioned to av oid large spring bending by frictional force and
displacement. So that additional measures can be taken to lower frictional force by prov iding
PTFE/graphite slide plate.
For top mounted spring hangers horizontal displacement is mentioned to check angularity of 4 degree to
reduce transmission of horizontal force to piping sy stems as spring hangers are designed to take the v ertical
load only .
If angle becomes more than 4 degree due to large horizontal mov ement then install the spring hanger in a
offset position so that after mov ement the angle becomes less than 4 degree.
8. Which spring will y ou select for y our sy stem: Spring with low stiffness or higher stiffness and why ?

Ans: Springs with lower stiffness prov ides less load v ariation for same trav el. So this spring is a better choice
than a spring hanger with higher stiffness.

Related Posts:

1 . Piping Stress Job Interv iew Questions: Part 7

2. 11 m ost im portant questions & answers from ASME B 31.3 which a Piping stress engineer
m ust know
3. Piping Stress Job Interv iew Questions: Part 5
4. T BE of v endor Spring hangers: Main points to consider before placing an order
5. Piping Stress Job Interv iew questions: Part 3
6. Piping Stress Job Interv iew questions
7 . Piping Stress Job Interv iew questions for y ou: Part 1

More In interview
Piping Stress Job Interview Questions: Part 7
The following list will prov ide few interv iew questions asked in different interv iew
for a Piping Stress Engineer post. Hope y ou will be able to findread more

11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31.3

which a Piping stress engineer must know
ASME B 31 .3 is the bible of process piping engineering and ev ery piping engineer
should frequently use this code for his knowledge enhancement. But
toread more

Piping Stress Job Interview questions for you: Part 1

The following list will prov ide few interv iew questions asked in different interv iew
for a Piping Stress Engineer post. Hope y ou will be able to findread more

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