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Project

Job
ref

Concrete Design
Part of structure

Sheet no

Wind load calculation

1/1

Drawing ref.

see Ref

EN 1991-14
2005
Figure A.NA.
2

Calc by

Date

M Omar, A Sharriff

01/01/2011

Check by

Calculations

Ref

Using the Flowchart to obtain qp (peak velocity pressure) for sites in town

b = c prob c dir c season c alt b,map

P=0.02

Cprob = (1-Kln(-ln(1-p))/(1-Kln(-ln(0.98)))n

= 1.0
4.2 (2)

Cprob =(1-0.2.ln(-ln(1-0.02))/(1-0.2.ln(0.98)))0.5
K (shape parameter) = 0.2

n (exponent) = 0.5

p= 0,02 (which is equivalent to a mean return period of 50 years)


vb

map

= 22.2 m/s

22.2 m/s

Cdir = assume worst case

Figure NA. 1

Cseason =

For NON temporary structures = 1.0

= 1.0

= 1.0

Table NA. 1
Calt

A (altitude) = 9m

therefore use NA. 2a)

Table NA. 2

vb =
qb =

Calt = 1 + 0.001 x A = 1 + 0.001 x 9 =

22.2 x 1 x 1 x 1.01 =
0.613 x vb2 = 0.613 x 22.422 =

Date

Output

width b = 4.5m & height h = 3.75m

Note:
If the probability (p) for an annual exceedence of the 10 minutes mean wind velocity is different from p= 0.02
determined by multiplying the basic wind velocity b in 4.2 (2)P by the probability factor, cprob given by:

NA.2.8

ref

1.01
22.42m/s
308.13N
mm

Project

Job
ref

Concrete Design
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Sheet no

Wind load calculation

1/1

Drawing ref.

see Ref

Figure A NA.2
EN 1991-1-4

Calc by

Date

Check by

M Omar, A Sharriff

01/01/2011

Calculations

Ref

Orthography is not significant

Figure A.1
q p(z ) = c e(z ) c e,T q b

FigureA.NA.2

Ce (z) = Exposure factor


4.5(1)

Assume x greater than or equal to 6 x have

therefore hdis =0

As height = 3.75m < 9 m

Figure A.5

Figure 7.4

Exposure factor cez

Assume: distance inside town = 10km therefore c e(z) = 1.9

Exposure correction factor c e,T = 0.69

q p(z ) = c e(z ) c e,T q b

- Peak velocity pressure qp(z)

Qp(z) = 1.9 x 0.69 x 308.13 = 404 n/mm2

Figure NA7
Figure NA8

Wind pressure on surface


External = We = qp (z) x Cpe

Internal = Wi = qp (zi) x Cpi

External wind pressure on walls


h/d = 3.75/4.5 = 0.83

Zone
Cpe 10
Cpe 1

BS EN
1991-1-4
TABLE 7.1

Cpe10 = overall structure

A
-1.2
-1.4

B
-0.8
-1.1

Cpe (zones A,B,C) = -0.8

Cpe front = 0.8

Wind on roof

= oo

Therefore Cpe =

wind direction

Cpe1 = small elements such as cladding up to 1m2

C
-0.5
-0.5

and pitch angle

Date

Output

Use Flowchart for sites in town

Therefore

ref

D
+0.8
+1

E
-0.5
-0.5
Cpe rear = -0.6

Project

Job
ref

Concrete Design
Part of structure

Sheet no

Wind load calculation

1/1

Drawing ref.

see Ref

Calc by

Date

M Omar, A Sharriff

01/01/2011

Calculations

Ref
Cpe

Cpe

(across)

Cpe (zones A,B&C) = -0.3

(along)

Cpe (zones A,B,C&D) = -0.7

Cpe (zones E,F&G) = -0.6

Internal Pressure
To estimate

for a particular case then Cpi should be taken as the more onerous of +0,2 and -0,3.

Cpi = 0.2

and

ref

Cpi = -0.30

Wind pressure acting on the external surfaces (We)


On roof (across): Suction on roof
We (zones A,BandC) = qp (Ze) x Cpe (zone A,B and C) = 404 x -0.3 = -121.2 N/mm2
We (zones E,Fand G) = qp (Ze) x Cpe (zone E,F and G) = 404 x -0.6 = -242.4 N/mm2
ON ROOF ALONG
We (zones A,B,C and D) = qp (Ze) x Cpe (zone A,B ,C and D) = 404 x -0.7 = -282.8 N/mm2
ON WALLS ( FRONT )
We (Z1) = qp((Z) x Cpe = 404 x 0.8 = 323. 8 N/mm2
WIND PRESSURE ACTING ON THE INTERNAL SURFACE
Wi = qp (zi) x Cpi
On roof along and across ( pressure on roof)
Wi (z) = qp (z) x Cpi = 404 x 0.2 = 80.8 N/mm2
On walls
Wi (z) = qp (z) x Cpi = 404 x -0.3 = - 121.2 N/mm2
STRUCTURAL FACTOR : CS AND Cd
As building height is 3.75 which is less than 15 m the CS AND Cd is 1.00
CS Cd =1.00
Therefore: External forces Fwe = CS Cd

Fwe = 1 x (-322.6 x 8.44) = -2.722 KN

Assuming roof panel acting on members : Aref = 10 x 4.5/2 = 8.44 m2


Internal forces
Fwi = CS Cd
Fwi = 1 x ( -40.4 x 8.44) = -340.98n
Therefore the resulting force Fres = Fwe Fwi
Fres = Fwe Fwi = -2722-(-340.98) = -2.381 KN

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Date

Output