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The 5 E Instructional Model: At a Glance

A Way In
Engagement: Teachers are able to determine what students know in order to build curiosity
and readiness to embrace new concepts. The key is to generate new ideas to problems, make
connections, and organize their thinking into a logical pattern.

How do you find out what students know?

What can you do to get students interested in the subject?

Exploration: Here, teachers help students examine conceptual challenges, test their own
assumptions, complete lab activities, and design preliminary investigations.

What activities can enable students to explore the issue?

How can students determine the difference between what they know and what they can
know?

How might problem-solving assist student understanding?

A Way Through
Explanation: Teachers help students focus their attention in order to study the subject more
deeply. Teachers introduce concepts, processes, and skills while learners explain what they
know so that they may test their assumptions.

How do teachers introduce concepts so that students build a scaffold of their skills?

How do students monitor their learning?

Elaboration: Teachers challenge students conceptual understanding and skills. Students then
apply what they know to new challenges, building upon foundations that continue to mature.

How do students prove their competence at new levels?

How do students solve problems with new knowledge?

A Way Out
Evaluation: Both teachers and students develop forms by which students can identify areas of
opportunity and recognize their growth in the solving of problems

What teaching structure can enable students to maintain and solidify their learning?

How does student learning connect to the next stage of academic development in the
subject?