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CCENTPracticeCertificationExam#2CCNAExploration:AccessingtheWAN(Version4.0)|ccnaexamanswers

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July22,2009/ccnav4

CCENTPracticeCertificationExam#2
CCNAExploration:AccessingtheWAN
(Version4.0)
CCENTPracticeCertificationExam#2CCNAExploration:AccessingtheWAN(Version
4.0)
1.DataisbeingsentfromasourcePCtoadestinationserver.Whichthreestatementscorrectly
describethefunctionofTCPorUDPinthissituation?(Choosethree.)
TheUDPdestinationportnumberidentifiestheapplicationorserviceonthe
serverwhichwillhandlethedata.
TCPisthepreferredprotocolwhenafunctionrequireslowernetworkoverhead.
UDPsegmentsareencapsulatedwithinIPpacketsfortransportacrossthenetwork.
Thesourceportfieldidentifiestherunningapplicationorservicethatwillhandle
datareturningtothePC.
TheTCPsourceportnumberidentifiesthesendinghostonthenetwork.
TheTCPprocessrunningonthePCrandomlyselectsthedestinationportwhen
establishingasessionwiththeserver.
2.InwhattwosituationswouldUDPbethepreferredtransportprotocoloverTCP?(Choose
two.)
whenapplicationsneedtoguaranteethatapacketarrivesintact,insequence,and
unduplicated
whenafasterdeliverymechanismisneeded
whendeliveryoverheadisnotanissue
whenapplicationsdonotneedtoguaranteedeliveryofthedata
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whendestinationportnumbersaredynamic
3. Refer to the exhibit. Workstation A sends an IP packet to workstation B. Which two
statementsdescribetheencapsulationofthepacketasitpassesthroughthenetwork?
TheLayer2headerisstrippedfromthepacketbyeachrouter.
ThedestinationLayer2addressofthepacketdoesnotchange.
ThesourceLayer3addressofthepacketchangesateachrouter.
TheLayer2headerchangesateachrouter.
TheLayer3headerisstrippedfromthepacketbyeachrouter.
4.Refertotheexhibit.Aswitchwithadefaultconfigurationconnectsfourhosts.TheARPtable
forhostAisshown.WhathappenswhenhostAwantstosendanIPpackettohostD?
HostAsendsanARPrequesttotheMACaddressofhostD.
HostDsendsanARPrequesttohostA.
HostAsendsoutthepackettotheswitch.Theswitchsendsthepacketonlytothe
hostD,whichinturnresponds.
HostAsendsoutabroadcastofFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF.Everyotherhostconnectedto
theswitchreceivesthebroadcastandhostDrespondswithitsMACaddress.
5.Whatthreeservicesareprovidedbythetransportlayer?(Choosethree.)
flowcontrol
encryptionofdata
pathdetermination
connectionestablishment
errorrecovery
bittransmission
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datarepresentation
6.Which layer of the OSI model handles the process of identifying and discarding damaged
frames?
presentation
session
transport
network
datalink
physical
7.Refertotheexhibit.Consideringtheinformationthatfollowsandtheexhibit,whereisthe
dataflowing?
SourceIPaddress:192.168.1.88
DestinationIPaddress:209.165.200.225
SourceMACaddress:0011127a4110
DestinationMACaddress:000dccf4ad2c
SourcePort:1464
DestinationPort:23
Afromlaptoptoaccesspoint
Bfromaccesspointtoattachedswitch
Cfromhosttodefaultgatewayrouter
DfromroutertoISP
8.Refertotheexhibit.IfHost1needstorequestitsIPaddressfromtheserver,whatprotocol
wouldbeusedtoprocessthatrequest?
CSMA/CD
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CSMA/CA
DHCP
ICMP
NAT
FTP
9.Refertotheexhibit.IfHost1weretotransferafiletotheserver,whatlayersoftheTCP/IP
modelwouldbeused?
onlyapplicationandInternetlayers
onlyInternetandnetworkaccesslayers
onlyapplication,Internet,andnetworkaccesslayers
application,transport,Internet,andnetworkaccesslayers
onlyapplication,transport,network,datalink,andphysicallayers
application,session,transport,network,datalink,andphysicallayers
10.ABC company needs to connect its router to an ISP to access the Internet. What device is
neededtoconnecttheroutertotheISPiftheISPsuppliesaT1leasedlinefortheconnection?
CSU/DSU
modem
DSLrouter
NT1device
ISDNmodem
11.Refertotheexhibit.Howmanycollisiondomainsexistintheexhibitednetwork?
1

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2
3
6
7
12.WhataretwoactionsperformedbyaCiscoswitch?(Choosetwo.)
buildingaroutingtablethatisbasedonthefirstIPaddressintheframeheader
usingthesourceMACaddressesofframestobuildandmaintainaMACaddress
table
forwardingframeswithunknowndestinationIPaddressestothedefaultgateway
utilizingtheMACaddresstabletoforwardframesviathedestinationMAC
address
examiningthedestinationMACaddresstoaddnewentriestotheMACaddresstable
13. A network administrator wants to configure a Cisco 2960 switch so that access to each
switchportislimitedtooneMACaddress.Whatwillaccomplishtheadministratorsobjective?
CiscoDiscoveryProtocol
portsecurity
InternetControlMessageProtocol
accesslists
flowcontrol
14.Whenwouldyouwanttousetheswitchportportsecuritymacaddressstickycommand?
wheneveryouneedtoprotectanunusedswitchport
wheneveryouwanttheporttoonlyallowasinglehostdevicetoconnect

wheneveryouneedtheporttorecognizethestaticallyassignedMACaddressinthe

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wheneveryouneedtheporttorecognizethestaticallyassignedMACaddressinthe
MACaddresstable
whenevermultipledevicessharethesameport
15(http://www.ccna4u.net/).Refertotheexhibit.SW_1andSW_2havebeenconfiguredwith
VLAN10 and VLAN20. The two switches are connected by a trunking link. During testing,
workstationsonthesameVLANcanpingeachother,butworkstationsontheoppositeVLAN
cannotpingeachother.Whatneedstobedonetofixtheproblem?
ConfigureVTPonbothswitchessotheycanshareVLANinformation.
AssignamanagementVLANoneachswitchwithIPaddressesinthesamesubnet.
Configureanaccessportoneachswitch.
AddaLayer3devicetothenetwork.
16.WhenconfiguringaswitchtouseSSHforvirtualterminalconnections,whatisthepurpose
ofthecryptokeygeneratersacommand?
showSSHconnectedhosts
disconnectSSHconnectedhosts
createapublicandprivatekeypair
showactiveSSHportsontheswitch
accesstheSSHdatabaseconfiguration
17.WhichthreestatementsaretrueaboutfullduplexoperationonanEthernetnetwork?
(Choosethree.)
Therearenocollisionsinfullduplexmode.
Adedicatedswitchportisrequiredforeachnode.
Hubportsarepreconfiguredforfullduplexmode.
Thehostnetworkcardmustdetecttheavailabilityofthemediabeforetransmitting.
Thehostnetworkcardandtheswitchportmustbothbeinfullduplexmode.
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18.WhatarethreecharacteristicsofCSMA/CD?(Choosethree.)
Devicescanbeconfiguredwithahighertransmissionpriority.

Ajamsignalindicatesthatthecollisionhasclearedandthemediaisnotbusy.

Adevicelistensandwaitsuntilthemediaisnotbusybeforetransmitting.

Thedevicewiththeelectronictokenistheonlyonethatcantransmitafteracollision.

Allofthedevicesonasegmentseedatathatpassesonthenetworkmedium.

Afterdetectingacollision,hostscanattempttoresumetransmissionaftera
randomtimedelayhasexpired.

19.
20.Whichthreeaddressesarevalidpublicaddresses?(Choosethree.)
198.133.219.17
192.168.1.245
10.15.250.5
128.107.12.117
192.15.301.240
64.104.78.227
21.Refertotheexhibit.Fourhostsarebeingaddedtothe172.16.112.0network.WhichIP
addressisinvalidasahostaddressforthisnetwork?
172.16.113.55
172.16.112.255
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172.16.127.255
172.16.112.89
172.16.120.96
22.Refertotheexhibit.UsingPAT,RouterAisconfiguredtotranslateallprivateinside
addressestoasinglepublicaddress.Thenetworkadministratorwantstodeterminewhich
portnumberisbeingusedinthetranslationoftheComputerAinsideprivateIPaddress.
WhichcommandcouldbeusediftheadministratorsitsatComputerAbutisnotallowed
remoteaccesstoRouterA?
ipconfig/all
traceroute
netstat
tracert
23.Whattypeofaddressis172.16.134.64withthesubnetmask255.255.255.224?
Thisisausablehostaddress.
Thisisabroadcastaddress.
Thisisanetworkaddress.
ThisisanInternetroutableaddress.
24.Therouterreadseachbittodeterminetheclassofanaddress.Whichthreeseriesofbinary
numberswouldtherouteridentifyaspublicClassCaddresses?(Choosethree.)
10101100.00100000.00010001.00010111
11000110.10000101.11011011.01010111
11010001.10100101.11001000.11101101
11000000.10101000.00100000.01000000
11000000.00011111.00000111.10111011
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25.GivenahostwiththeIPaddress192.168.65.54andasubnetmaskof255.255.255.240,to
whichnetworkdoesthehostbelong?
192.168.65.16
192.168.65.32
192.168.65.48
192.168.65.64

26.Refertotheexhibit.WhichIPaddresscanbeassignedtothedefaultgatewayforhostA?
10.184.0.1
10.192.0.0
10.199.255.254
10.200.255.254
27.Refertotheexhibit.WhatwouldbeavalidnetworkaddressforthenewsubnetonRTA?
10.16.10.16/28
10.16.10.24/28
10.16.10.30/28
10.16.10.56/28
10.16.10.72/28
28.Refertotheexhibit.Thenetworkshownisusingclassfulsubnetting.Theseriallink
betweenroutersAandBisconfiguredwithaddressesfromthe172.16.6.0/23subnet.How
manyvalidIPaddressesarewastedonthissubnetwork?
252
254
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256
508
510
512
29.Whatarethreevalidhostaddressesgivenasubnetmaskof255.255.254.0?(Choosethree.)
64.100.2.255
172.55.33.255
64.104.129.0
192.168.162.255
10.165.55.255
128.107.62.0
30.Refertotheexhibit.WhichtwointerfacescouldbeusedforaleasedlineWANconnection?
(Choosetwo.)
A
B
C
D
E
F
31.Whattypeofcableisusedforconnectivitybetweenamodel2620routerandamodel2950
switch(pointA),amodel2950switchandamodel1900switch(pointB),andamodel2950
switchandahost(pointC)?
Astraightthrough;Brollover;Cstraightthrough
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Acrossover;Bstraightthrough;Cstraightthrough
Astraightthrough;Bstraightthrough;Ccrossover
Acrossover;Bstraightthrough;Ccrossover
Astraightthrough;Bcrossover;Cstraightthrough
Astraightthrough;Bcrossover;Ccrossover
32.Refertotheexhibit.Asmallbusinesshasaskedforadviceaboutwhattypeofcablewillbe
neededtoconnecttheirmodularrouters.Whattypeofconnectorisusedbyeachdevicethatis
shown?
WIC2TisaDB60connector,WIC1TisaSmartSerialconnector,andWIC1ENETis
anRJ45connector.
WIC2TisanRJ45connector,WIC1TisaDB60connector,andWIC1ENETisaSmart
Serialconnector.
WIC2TisaDB60connector,WIC1TisaSmartSerialconnector,andWIC1ENETis
anRJ45connector.
WIC2TisaTokenRingconnector,WIC1TisaDB25connector,andWIC1ENETis
anRJ11connector.
WIC2TisaSmartSerialconnector,WIC1TisaDB60connector,andWIC1ENET
isanRJ45connector.
33.Refertotheexhibit.Therouterthatisnamedmyhomehasreceivedaframefromthehost
192.168.254.7.Thecontentsofthisframearebeingsenttohost172.16.14.243.WhatistheLayer
2destinationaddressoftheframeasitleavesthemyhomerouter?
0008.a3b6.ce05
0009.1281.18a8
000a.8a47.e612
172.16.14.129
172.16.14.243
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192.168.254.7

34.Whyisitimportantfortheroutertomaintainanaccurateroutingtable?
toprovideLayer2addressinginformationforthenexthop
topreventbroadcastsfromoccurringontheLAN
todeterminethebestpathtothedestinationnetwork
toidentifyalloftheroutersinanetwork
35.Refertotheexhibit.Basedontheexhibitedrouteroutput,whattwoconclusionscanbe
made?(Choosetwo.)
Theenablepasswordhasbeenencrypted.
Theservicepasswordencryptioncommandhasnotbeenaddedtothe
configuration.
Thepasswordsthatareshownrestrictaccesstotherouterconsole.
Thepasswordthatwillgainaccesstoprivilegedmodeissys#op.
ThepasswordsthatareshownwillberequiredtoenterprivilegedEXECmodeon
thisrouter.
36.WhatwouldbeacommonreasontoupgradefromRIPv1toRIPv2?
RIPv2takeslessroutermemorythanRIPv1takes.
RIPv2supportsalargernetwork(morerouters)thanRIPv1supports.
RIPv2supportsdiscontiguousnetworksandRIPv1doesnot.
RIPv2supportsclasslessrouting.RIPv1isclassful.
37.Refertotheexhibit.Whichtwostatementsaretrueoftheoutputshown?(Choosetwo.)
TheprotocolthatcommunicatedthisinformationoperatesatLayer3oftheOSI
model.
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TheoutputofthiscommanddisplaysinformationaboutdirectlyconnectedCisco
devicesonly.
TheswitchisattachedtotheSanJose1FastEthernet0/21interface.
SanJose1isrunningCDPversion12.0.
SanJose1hastwofullyoperational,CDPenabledCiscoswitchesdirectlyconnectedto
it.
SanJose2isa2600seriesrouterrunningseveralroutedprotocols.
38.Whichtwostatementsdescribethecommandiproute192.168.7.24255.255.255.248
192.168.7.9?(Choosetwo.)
Apacketthatisdestinedforhost192.168.7.30willbeforwardedtoaddress
192.168.7.9.
Theaddress192.168.7.9isthedestinationnetworkforthisroute.
Theaddress192.168.7.24isthenexthoprouterinthiscommand.
Thiscommandisissuedfromtheinterfaceconfigurationmode.
Thiscommandisusedtodefineastaticroute.
39.Whichgroupofcommandsallowsaroutertobeadministeredremotely?
linecon0
passwordclass
login
interfacefa0/1
ipaddress192.168.10.1255.255.255.0
accessclass1in
linevty04
passwordcisco
login
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interfacevlan1
ipaddress192.168.10.1255.255.255.0
noshutdown
40.Whichprotocolisdescribedasanenhanceddistancevectorroutingprotocol?
RIPv1
RIPv2
EIGRP
OSPF
41.WhyistheiphostcommandusedtocreatehosttablesonCiscorouters?
tocreatestaticroutestospecifichosts
toallowcommunicationwithotherIPdevicesbyname
toprovideameaningfulnameforthelocalrouter
toidentifyonlythedirectlyattachednetworksandassociatedhosts
todefinethehostdeviceswithwhichtherouterisallowedtoconnect
42.Refertotheexhibit.FromrouterR1,thecommandtelnet192.168.11.2isenteredfrom
privilegedmodeandthismessagedisplays:
00:06:45:%SYS5CONFIG_I:Configuredfromconsolebyconsole192.168.11.2
Trying192.168.11.2...Open
Passwordrequired,butnoneset
IftheR2interfacesareinthestatusshownintheexhibit,whatisthemostlikelyproblem?
TheenablesecretcommandismissingfromR2.
TheenablepasswordcommandismissingfromR1.
ThelogincommandismissingfromthelineconfigurationmodeonR2.
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ThepasswordcommandismissingfromthelineconfigurationmodeonR2.
ThelogincommandismissingfromtheconsolemodeonR2.

ThenoshutdowncommandismissingfromtheSerial0/0interfacemodeonR1.

43.Whichtwoitemscanbemodifiedbythesystemadministratortodeterminefromwherethe
CiscoIOSloads?(Choosetwo.)
systemROM
startupconfigurationfile
systemimagefile
configurationregistervalue
bootloaderimagefile
44.Whataretworequirementsforestablishingaconsolecommunicationsessionbetweena
computerandarouter?(Choosetwo.)
AconsolecablemustbeusedfromtheconsoleportoftheroutertotheNICofthe
computer.
Arollovercablemustbeusedfromtheconsoleportoftheroutertotheserialport
ofthecomputer.
Adefaultgatewaymustbeconfiguredonthecomputer.
TheIPaddressesassignedtotherouterandcomputermustbeonthesame
subnetwork.
Theremustbeaterminalemulatorapplicationonthecomputer.
45.
46.WhatistheoutcomewhenawirelesshosthasadifferentSSIDconfiguredthantheaccess
pointtowhichitisattemptingtoconnect?
Theaccesspointwillsendthehostarejectionmessage.
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Thehostwillbepromptedforauseridandpassword.
Theaccesspointwillsendthehostachallengemessage.
ThehostwillonlybeallowedaccesstotheInternet.
Theaccesspointwillsendthehostareauthenticationrequestmessage.
Thehostwillnotbeallowedaccesstothewirelessnetwork.
47(http://www.ccna4u.net/).Awirelessnetworkhasoneaccesspointinstalled.Usersatsome
locationsintheofficecomplainthattheirwirelessaccessisslow,whileotherssaythatthe
wirelessnetworkperformanceisfine.Whatshouldbedonetoremedythissituation?
Replacetheaccesspoint.
Installanotheraccesspointatanotherlocationwithintheoffice.
UpgradethewirelessNICsinthehoststhatareslow.
Limitthenumberofwirelesshoststhatattachtotheaccesspointatonetime.
Convertbacktoawirednetwork.
48.Whichtechnologyisprimarilyusedforsecurityinawirelessnetworkenvironment?
SSH
WPA
SSID
CSMA/CA
CSMA/CD
49.
50.WhichtechnologyisprimarilyusedinaWAN?
ARP
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CDP
PPP
WEP

CSMA/CD

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