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Flexi NS - SGSN site architecture

Flexi NS - SGSN site architecture

The IP connectivity in mobile networks consists of site connectivity and site interconnection. Site connectivity
solutions explain how the network elements are connected to each other on a physical site. Site interconnection
covers the methods of connecting the sites to each other using backbone networks or direct links.
S c ope of t he s it e c onnec t iv it y guidelines
The intended audience for these site connectivity guidelines are network planners and those implementing the
site solutions. The purpose of these guidelines is to assist in planning LAN and IP connections for Nokia
Siemens Networks SGSN; to support correct configuration and to help in the final verification of the functionality
of the network.
The site connectivity described in these instructions require SG70 software or later. These instructions are
written based on the SG70 native hardware but they are also applicable to earlier hardware, though with certain
Site interconnection principles are described in more detail in IP Connectivity in MSS System, available in MSS
System documentation.

Figure 1:

L2 site architecture

IP transport (LAN interface) in the SGSN can be used for the following:
Link to Nokia Siemens Networks NetAct from the Operation and Maintenance Unit
Charging GTP' from MCHU
Lawful interception traffic from MCHU
Link to Traffica from MCHU
Statistics to NetAct from MCHU



Flexi NS - SGSN site architecture

SIGTRAN from Session and Mobility Management Unit (SMMU)

S6d from SMMU
SIGTRAN for RANAP from Packet Processing Unit (PAPU)
GTP (Gn/S3/S4/S16) traffic from IOCP
Gb over IP from PAPU
Lawful interception traffic from PAPU
LRAS forwarding from PAPU
Iu-PS user plane from IOCP
IP traffic uses Ethernet as L2/L1 technology. Note that the IP traffic is carried inside dedicated, logical interface
type-specific virtual LANs (host VLANs) or computer unit type-specific virtual LAN.

Figure 2:

SGSN phy sical connectiv ity

Nokia Siemens Networks SGSN has six integrated LAN switching units (SWUs). The SWUs are grouped into
four parts, MCHU 0, LANU 0, MCHU 1 and LANU 1 for redundancy purposes. The three SWUs within an MCHU
and LANU are by default interconnected to integrate SWUs as part of DX 200 hardware management. These
switches should be connected by dual links to external multilayer switches. In order to break the link loops
present in this configuration, Nokia Siemens Networks strongly recommends that the multiple spanning tree
protocol (MSTP, IEEE 802.1s) is used with compatible site switches. Furthermore, virtual router redundancy
protocol (VRRP) or CISCO hot standby router protocol (HSRP) can be configured to the multilayer site switches



Flexi NS - SGSN site architecture

for resilience and load sharing purposes. (Note that this connection is not shown in Figure SGSN physical
connectivity.) For more information, see Section LAN topology.

General site architecture principles

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2011/12/15 Nokia Siemens Networks