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EnableExtensions

1. SelectCustomize/Extensions
2. Checkallextensions

DefineCoordinateSystem
1. RightClickMenu/DataFrameProperties
2. SelectLabel:CoordinateSystem
3. Selectacoordinatesystem:
Predefined/ProjectedCoordinateSystems/NationalGrids/Asia/
TWD1997TMTaiwan

Georeferencing
Atleasttwolayersneeded:
1) Layerthatneedstobegeoreferenced,and
2) Alayerthatisalreadygeoreferenced,whichyouwilluseasabasemap.

OpenArcMap&TurnontheGeoreferencingToolbarandtheEditorToolbar
1. OpenArcMap
2. SelectView/Toolbar/Georeferencing

AddControlPoints

ViewLinkTable

3. Afterselectingcontrolpoints,zoomintooneofthemsoyoucanplaceyour
mouseasaccuratelyaspossibleonthepoint.
4. UnderGeoreferencing,uncheckAutoadjust.
5. ClickontheAddcontrolpointsbutton.
6. Clickontheidentifiedpointonthemapimageandmovethemousesomewhere
abitfurtheraway.Thenclickthemouseagain.Youllseealinebetweenagreen
pointandaredpoint.Thegreenpointisatwhatsreferredtoasthesource.
Theredpointisatwhatsreferredtoasthetarget. Ifyouwantedtowarpthe
imagesuchthatitoverlaidwithadatalayeryouhadaddedtoArcMap,thered
pointwouldneedtobeplacedatthecorrespondingpointoftheexistingdata
layer.

7. Thegreenpointisatwhatsreferredtoasthesource. Theredpointisat
whatsreferredtoasthetarget.Ifyouwantedtowarptheimagesuchthatit
overlaidwithadatalayeryouhadaddedtoArcMap,theredpointwouldneedto
beplacedatthecorrespondingpointoftheexistingdatalayer. However,inthis
example,youarenotwarpingtheimagetooverlaywithadatalayerinArcMap.
Rather,youllneedtoprovideArcMapthetargetcoordinatevalues.Todothis,
clickontheviewlinktablebuttonontheGeoreferencingtoolbar.Changethe
mapxandmapyvaluestoreflecttherealworldvaluesreadfromthemap.
8. Repeatsteps6and7forallofyourcontrolpoints.Ifyoumakeamistake,youcan
deleteacontrolpointbyselectingtheappropriaterowinthetableandpressing
theDeletekeyonyourkeyboard.Inthisexample,thefinaltablelookslikethis:


9. Whenyouhavefinishedenteringcontrolpointdata,clickonOKtoclosethelink
table.
10. SelectGeoreferencing/Rectify.Inthenextwindow,changeanyofthedefaultsif
desired.Whentherectificationprocessisfinished,youwillseethat.tifand*.tfw
fileshavebeencreated.
11. SelectGeoreferencing/UpdateDisplaytoviewyourresults.Nowyoushouldbe
abletooverlayotherdata(providedthosedatausethesamecoordinatesystem).

CreateNewShapefile.
1. ClickontheArcCatalogbotton.

2. OnceArcCataloghasopenednavigatetothefolderwhereyouaresavingyour
workinthecolumnontheleft.Clickonthefolderthatthenewshapefileshould
bestoredin.ThengotoFile\New\Shapefile.


3. IntheCreateNewShapefilewindow,youcannameyourshapefile,andselectthe
typeofshapefileyouwanttoadd.ClickontheFeatureTypedropdownboxand
clickonPolygon,thenclickOK.

EditingYourShapefile
1. SelectView\Toolbars\EditortobringuptheEditorToolbar.

2.
3.
4.

5.

SketchTool
EditTool

ClickontheEditorintheEditorToolbar.
InthedropdownmenuclickStartEditing.Awindowwillpopupandlistthe
layersavailableforediting.Clickonyourshapefile,andclickStartEditing.
ClickontheSketchToolnexttotheEditorButton,andbegindrawingyour
shapefile.ThisisverysimilartocreatingalinedrawinginMicrosoftOffice
programs.Clickthemapwhereyouwantthebeginningoftheshapetobe,and
thencontinueclickingateachcornerorwhereyouwanttoplaceavertex(a
pointcapableofmanipulation).
Whenyouarefinishedaddingyourlastvertex,rightclickandchoosefinish
sketchordoubleclickingthemouse.
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6. GototheEditorButtonandclickSaveEdits.
7. Whenyouvefinishedaddingyourlastpolygon,gototheEditorButtonandclick
StopEditinginthedropdownbox.

LoadTheTerrainData
1. Clickonthe

icontoaddtherasterdata.

2. Inthedialogbox,navigatetothelocationofthedata;selecttherasterfile
smdemcontainingtheDEMforSanMarcosandclickontheAddbutton.
3. TheaddedfileislistedintheArcMapTableofcontents.Youcanrecolorthe
rasterbygoingtothethemesProperties/Symbologyandchoosinganewcolor
ramp
4. SaveyourArcMapdocumentwhereyouwantyourresultsfilestoappearas
SanMarcosBasin.mxd

Contours
1. SelectArcToolbox

\SpatialAnalystTools\Surface\Contour

(orSelectSearchWindow

andtypeContour)

*SelectToolHelpformoreinformation

ArcHydroTool
1. SelectView\Toolbars\ArcHydroTools

2. Select ApUtilities\Set Target Locations to set the save location of data created
withtheArcHydrotools
3. DEMReconditioning
ThefunctionneedsasinputarawDEM(orLevelDEM)andalinearfeatureclass
(e.g.rivertoburnin)thatbothhavetobepresentinthemapdocument.
1) SelectTerrainPreprocessing\DEMManipulation\DEMReconditioning.
2) Selecttheappropriateinputdemandlinearfeature(streamstoburnin).The
outputisareconditionedAgreeDEM(defaultnameAgreeDEM).

3) EnteraStreambuffer:thisisthenumberofcellsaroundthelinearfeaturefor
whichthesmoothingwilloccur.
4) EntertheSmoothdrop/raisevalue:thisistheamount(inverticalunits)that
the linear feature will be dropped (if the number is positive) or the fence
extruded(ifthenumberisnegative).Thisvaluewillbeusedtointerpolatethe
DEM into the buffered area (between the boundary of the buffer and the
dropped/raisedvectorfeature).
5) Enter the Sharp drop/raise value: this is the additional amount (in vertical
units)thatthelinearfeaturewillbedropped(ifthenumberispositive)orthe
fence extruded (if the number is negative). This results in additional
burning/fencing on top of the smooth buffer interpolation and needs to be
performedtopreservethelinearfeaturesusedforburning/fencing.
6) ClickOK.Uponsuccessfulcompletionoftheprocess,theAgreeDEMlayeris
addedtothemap.
4. SelectTerrainPreprocessing\DEMManipulation\FillSinkstocreateHydroDEM

layer,namedbydefaultFil.
5. SelectBatchPointGeneration(gaugingstation)

1) Enterthebatchpointfeatureclass.

2) FillinthefieldsNameandDescription.

6. SelectTerrainPreprocessing\FlowDirection.

7. SelectTerrainPreprocessing\FlowAccumulation.

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8. SelectTerrainPreprocessing\StreamDefinition

9. SelectTerrainPreprocessing\StreamSegmentation.

10. SelectTerrainPreprocessing\CatchmentGridDelineation.

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11. SelectTerrainPreprocessing\DrainageLineProcessing

12. SelectTerrainPreprocessing\AdjointCatchmentProcessing

13. SelectWatershedProcessing\BatchWatershedDelineation

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Reference
1. ArcHydroToolsTutorial
http://resources.arcgis.com/en/communities/hydro/01vn00000010000000.htm
2. WatershedandStreamNetworkDelineationtutorialbyDavidMaidment
http://www.ce.utexas.edu/prof/maidment/giswr2002/ex5/ex5doc.doc
3. HowtogeoreferenceanimageusingArcGISNumericandSpatialDataServices,
UniversityofMichiganLibrary
http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja
&ved=0CCwQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fadielflitzow9.files.wordpress.com%2F20
08%2F02%2Fgeorectify.pdf&ei=Z2fEUJHBBOvxmAXGy4CQCw&usg=AFQjCNGTJQb
8K9VXZXA2RkWhazmvsChgKg
4. CreatingandEditingShapefilesinArcMapBallStateUniversity
http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=6&ved=0C
E8QFjAF&url=http%3A%2F%2Fcms.bsu.edu%2FAcademics%2FLibraries%2FCollec
tionsAndDept%2FGISandMaps%2FGISResearch%2F~%2Fmedia%2FDepartmental
Content%2FLibrary%2FGISMaps%2FGISMedia%2FCreating%2520and%2520Editin
g%2520Shapefiles%2520in%2520ArcMap.ashx&ei=4GbEULCWCIz3mAXvkoCIBg&
usg=AFQjCNGkCvjX_PtsnzXaflII5L1vXW5CwA&cad=rja
5. Phd.Tsengsmanuscript

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