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Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex

Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.


2010101820

PROPOSED NEW DEVELOPMENT OF PACITA COMMERICAL


COMPLEX INTO PACITA GATEWAY COMPLEX AND
TRANSPORTATION HUB
ALVAREZ, SOLON JR., V.
B.S Architecture Program
School of Architecture, Interior Design and the Build Environment
Email: solonvallanoalvarez@gmail.com
Advisers:
Arch. Junar P. Tablan
Architecture Professor, AR-ID-BE, Mapua Institute of Technology
CHAPTER 1.1 THE PROBLEM
I.1 Introduction

In a growing population and demand of the people town centers and commercial complex
are areas that creates businesses, sources of the needs of the entire neighborhood or a
community it powers the entire area with its services that every individual needs to live. Food,
water, money, goods and other products are located making it a center of life in a community,
rapid growth in population through the years results demands not only in goods but the standards
of being on a municipality into a city rises up, failure to deliver such standards not only in economy
but in architectural results flaws like traffic congestion, crowded hallways and uncomfortable
places that no human being could resist in a subsequent number of times. Pacita Commercial
Complex in the heart of San Pedro, City in Laguna and is the third and last town center that made
up the downtown area of the whole city. Its adjacency to Bian City makes it more special
because its where vehicles from the infamous Maharlika Highway passes by making it an
important key to some of the drivers, the complex composes of fast food restaurants, a Tiange

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Center, supermarkets, banks and transportation like the PNR, Jeepney, UV Express, Pedi

cab, Tricycle, Buses. The whole complex is the heart of the whole subdivision and villages because
of the uniqueness of the stores and its services implied, and everyday commuters from any parts
of San Pedro usually go, making it the center of San Pedro City, creating a diversified complex
and linkage between the unseen advantages of transportation capability means efficiency in every
aspects of the place, contributing not only to the progress of the area but because it gives people
comfort of having such facilities into a certain place thus effectiveness is resulting factor.

The proposed study aims to provide the component city of San Pedro specifically the
owner Pacita lands with a well-planned and well adapted town center which will be the center of
commercial, businesses, health and transportation in the residents of Pacita 1 and 2 and other
subdivisions across the whole city, the target users will be the consumers and other commercial,
health, businesses related services and the commuters. The end market will be the staffs of each
and every establishments, and the tricycle drivers, Jeepney drivers, bus drivers, and other PNR
related staffs and maintenances. The proponent is to develop a diverse complex which will be
able to service the residents of the city and the neighboring city as well.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

I.1.2 Background of the Study


The area that composes the Pacita Commercial Complex used to service only the small
municipality of San Pedro, since the area of San Pedro was develop by the La Paz developers, the
whole municipality of San Pedro flourish and progressed rapidly, 20 barangays was established
by the local government of the area, several subdivisions dominated the area of San Pedro, Pacita
Complex is one of the largest subdivisions in San Pedro, in which the Pacita Commercial Complex
was established to be the center of commercial, trade and business and serves as the basin for
commuters from Metro Manila or South Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao provinces and not only the
subdivision of Pacita but all of the neighboring subdivisions as well.

The old Pacita Commercial Complex


The roads of the Pacita Commercial Complex was given to the local government by the La Paz
Developers, so the access from other roads of the government will be synchronized which will
help the travel of the users from the other subdivisions and villages will be at ease, the Pacita
railway station is one of the oldest station in Region IV-A which connects the goods from other
provinces, commuters from Metro Manila to the commercial complex that helps the livelihood.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

The early building established in Pacita Commercial Complex was the Commercial building which
is located in the center of the complex, the gas station was soon demolished and a fast food chain
Jollibee was established in front of the National Road, the tricycle terminal was soon added, and
Pedicab terminal in the south side was introduced to the public, city buses and provincial buses
was operational since then and converted the parking lot into a bus terminal, the Jeepney was
already swarming in front of the complex and other transportation like the UV express existed.

Old picture of PNR Pacita Station


On March 27, 2013 the municipality of the San Pedro was converted to a component city of the
province of Laguna, since then the Pacita Commercial Complex was deemed to be as always aside
from the 2 towns of San Pedro City, the iconic complex of San Pedro City, San Pedro City was
known as Labasan because of its nature where commuters and other visitors are coming in and
out of the neighborhood and serves a gateway to other visiting users,

by the year 2015

authorities and NGOs are striving that the city of San Pedro will be incorporated to Metro Manila.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

I.1.3 Statement of the Problem


In this study, the Pacita Commercial Complex continues to serve as the gateway of the
visitors and locals and an important sector for businesses and the key area for trading and
commuting for the city of San Pedro. In what point should the site can be altered in order to
reach the certain requirements of the studied approach to the problem: The New Development
of Pacita Commercial Complex:

What solution can be implemented on the pedestrian and vehicular traffic around
the current area?

What other architectural solutions can be implemented in a growing population?

What benefiting factors can influenced not only traffic but efficiency in the area?

How can a better complex and transportation hub can unify the needs of the users?

Who are the beneficiaries and who will be benefited in the study?

How to connect the benefits of the target users and the needs of the end users?

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

I.1.3 Project Goals, Objectives and Strategies


The intention of the study is to create a documentation regarding Pacita Commercial
Complex:

To create a dynamic and flourishing complex for the growing population


o

From municipality to an emerging city, creates lots of flaws which the level
of being a city cant be sustained, growing population deemed to have
more space has to be given, growing demand and certain approaches has
to be based on a city level planning, and analyzing it is the key solution.

To sustain architecturally the demand of the emerging city of San Pedro


o

Formulation of certain nodes and certain spatial consideration in order to


answer the future problems of space of the complex vehicular of pedestrian
traffic, and certain spaces lacking in order for the comfort of the users.

Create a certain boundary of transportation that wont be conflicted


o

Create a seamless and fluid transition of different kinds of transportation


lurking inside the complex, in which they wont be conflicted to each other,
that could create traffic and discomfort to the users due to its distance or
the level of necessity based on the specific location of the transportation.

Systematic arrangement of different activities into one focused place

Creating a focused activities in a complex could result to good flow activities


without any conflicting reasons to have the congestion or other problems.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

To formulate a systematize execution of research that will produce credible


and legitimate knowledgeable paper for further research study and
development.
o

This research can be based on other development of the site in which for
the benefit of the progress of the site, and to be able to help other entity
that are having the same study to have an idea to prior research studies.

Create a certain impact to the comfort and benefits of the users


o

The study create good impact and certain ideas to be proposed for the
development and the contribution of study thus, getting more insights and
proper knowledge to the statistics and ideas to be withdrawn to the study.

Create a multi-dimensional perspectives of every ideas and views of the


study
o

Encourages certain people to view the study in other way possible that
could negate a certain thought process which can sustain the study and
further progress the overall needs of the research study.

To develop the complex to standardization of modern approaches and


modern ideas which can hold the future demands.
o

Commercial establishments, modern terminals and certain landscape ideas


can be crafted into modern ideas which can benefit certain problems of the
site and to progress the imagery of the whole complex.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

I.1.4 Significance of the Study


The proposed study should be legitimate, credible and knowledgeable in order to obtain
solid statistical results and certain basis for approaches, needs and the problems of the site must
be shown so that the accurate result of the existing condition of the site will be properly
documented. The study will provide various answers that needed specific answers that will create
effective and precise solution to the existing problems of the site, diverse study of the different
factors and views that should be tackled must be presented and documented and considered to
the study, this study will provide possible solutions to the proven existing problems of the
complex, solutions will be based on the study of macro and micro settings.

Connecting certain existing commercial complex and transportation hub study in local and
in foreign settings will not only provide information, but to adapt certain principles in the integrity
of an commercial complex and transportation hub, and other ideas and types of approach in the
same study, related literature will help in formulating certain ideas and execution to the study,
that will develop the study even further and to build a certain approach to the problems.

The study will provide important local laws based on the Local Government of the city or
the province, and the Constitutional Laws of the Philippines, and the prioritization of building
codes and codes given by the San Pedro City Local Government and the National Building Code.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

I.1.5 Scope of Limitation


The proposed study covers the Pacita Commercial Complex, in terms of the possible
redevelopment of the commercial complex, the modernization of certain key features like the
faade and certain landscape features that not only benefit aesthetics but the function as well,
modernization of the interior of commercial and the wet and dry market area, reorientation of
spaces that needs to be moved based on the study, the changes from the adjacency of the
spaces, landscaping and development of the complex environmentally, including the
transportation terminals inside the complex, it will cover the flow of both the commuters, drivers,
stall owners, visitors, and other target and end users, it will cover the beneficiaries of the study
and its beneficial factor in the future and to the advantage of the study. The beneficiaries are the
following:

The Local Government

The Administrator/ the Owner

Stall Owners/ Staffs

Neighboring Areas/Districts/Cities/Villages/Towns

Maintenance/Security Personnel

Truck Drivers/Bus Drivers/Pedicab/Tricycle Driver/UV Express Driver/Jeepney Driver

Commuters/Students/Passerby both Local and Visitors

The study negates and limits to the schematic design to the architectural planning and design of
whole Pacita Commercial Complex. It will be tackled in architectural design in the phase of the
study.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

I.1.6 Assumptions
The proponent states that Pacita Commercial Complex will undergo integration
of commercial and transportation services, research gathering may imply to the benefit of the
commuters, consumers and the business related individuals, Pacita Commercial Complex in years
will develop into a certain heart of the city, such as shops and other businesses will arise and new
and hybrid businesses will be develop on the entire area, with the growing population on the city,
such facilities and roadways and sidewalks will not sustain, Implementation such as drainages
and sidewalks will continue to develop as years go by, the absence of proper planning and
improper traffic of the pedestrian can result to devastating accidents, and undeveloped city
landscapes and city walkways and roadways that affects efficiency.
In certain years the city of San Pedro will be overwhelmed with certain visitors
and commuters to neighboring towns and provinces, providing a certain stop for basic needs of
the whole user of the site, Pacita Commercial Complex can flourish and many establishments will
invest to the growing popularity of the area to the investors, and this could have a problem in
the planning of the complex, which it was designed by the certain number of population when it
was in the municipality stage, the continuing development of the commercial complex can create
many jobs and many opportunities for the users of both local and visiting users. Modern era and
the advance planning methodology could have a great impact in the integrity of the site, saving
lots of electric bills, creating more income for the stall owners and the administrator of the
commercial building of the complex, wet and dry market will continue its flourishing livelihood
and cope up with the enhancement of certain techniques in creating a great interior difference in
both the needs and the aesthetic preferences of both the users and the consumers of the place.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

I.1.7 Conceptual Framework


CHOSEN PROBLEMATIC
STRUCTURE: PACITA
COMMERCIAL COMPLEX

DATA GATHERING
THROUGH SITE VISIT
AND INTERVIEW

GATHERING RELATED
LITERATURES ABOUT
COMMERCIAL AND
TRANSPORTATION

RESEARCH
INFORMATION
REGARDING PACITA
COMMERCIAL COMPLEX

SITE VISIT
OBSERVATION ON THE
EXISTING SITE

RELATED LITERATURE:
COMMERCIAL COMPLEX
AND TRANSPORTATION
HUB

GATHERING PACITA
COMMERCIAL COMPLEX
BACKGROUND

BEHAVIOURAL PATTERNS
AND THE VIEWS OF THE
END USERS THROUGH
INTERVIEW AND
SUMMARY

CASE STUDY: CHOOSING


THE BEST RELATED
LITERATURE (2
FOREIGN, 2 LOCAL)

ANALYSIS OF THE
WHOLE COMPLEX

IDENTIFYING THE
PROBLEMS BASED ON
THE DATAS GATHERED
IN THE COMPLEX
ANALYSING THE
PROBLEMS AND
CREATING CONCEPTUAL
SOLUTIONS AND
SYSTEMATIC
FRAMEWORK

DEFENDING THE
PROBLEM AND STATING
THE PROBLEMS

DEVELOPMENT OF
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
FOR PCC

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

I.1.8 Definition of Terms

Diversified to engage in varied operations


UV Ex press mode of transportation, public utility vehicle, vehicular transport of people to
places.

Jeepney a Philippine twin-benched jitney bus, sitting about dozen passengers.


Tiange - Stalls
Acronym

PNR Philippine National Railways


PCC Pacita Commercial Complex
NBC National Building Code
NSO National Statistics Office

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Chapter 2: Review of Related Literatures and Studies

Integrated Bus Terminal cum Commercial Complex at Mohali, India


Arch. Gourav Kumar architectural thesis of a commercial complex in Mohali, India

A point in the system for use. Multiuse space concept efficient use of space for entertainment,
shopping & related activity, concept of planning of different activity
Gourav Kumar said that transportation is one of the most important requirements for the aid
of communication from one place to other for visiting purpose or in the sense of tourism. A
number of factors like the convenience from one place to the other, promotion of tourism, for
communication between places etc. Have predicted the importance of planning such as roadways
industries in the as sense of bus terminals. Transportation system improves the social, economic,
industrial and commercial progress and further transforms the society into an organized one. It
is one of the essential services, vital force for determining the direction of development. To
achieve the desired transportation balance and for the system to be efficient, it is essential to
provide organized facilities in the system.as transportation is concerned with the movement
between origin and destination involves the movement of people and goods, there is need for an
access point in the system for use. multiuse space concept efficient use of space for
entertainment, shopping & related activity, concept of planning of different activity evolution of
commercial complex i.e. ancient agora & medieval plaza of European cities Indian context Indian
Bazzars daily shopping at terminal itself rather than going to market places and thus save time.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Further to save space commercial activities will be incorporate with Bus terminal and give to
Mohali a missing landmark building. Objective provide an architecture solution for integrating
the terminal with commercial complex.

Related Studies and Projects


Tiendesitas (Ugong, Pasig)

"a collection of little stores") is a shopping complex located along the C-5 road corner
Eulogio Rodriguez, Jr. Avenue in Ugong, Pasig. It began its operations on September 26, 2005
and was developed by Ortigas & Company Limited Partnership (OCLP). It rivals the highly
successful and world-renowned Chatuchak Market of Bangkok. Constructed at a cost of P200
million, Tiendesitas is a part of Frontera Verde, an interim 18.5 hectare Ortigas
Center development project. The complex offers more than 300 parking slots, and is served

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

By Jeepney on C-5 and by buses which stop a short walk from the Tiendesitas gate. The
shopping center is run by the management team of Greenhills Shopping Center. Tiendesitas is a
30,000 square metres (320,000 sq. ft.) complex of "villages" featuring stylized Filipino
architecture. The complex functions like an "urban retreat" where one can walk around in wideopened villages. The complex is made up of twelve pavilions inspired by Maranao architecture,
which in turn traces its roots back to the bahay kubo. The roof of each pavilion is covered with
chemically treated Cogon grass, and is equipped with sprinklers to avoid mishaps during fires.
Duyans (hammocks) are scattered around the development to offer short breaks during shopping
trips. The Filipiniana inspiration extends to the comfort rooms: old kalesa wheels were
transformed into chandelier frames to light up these restrooms. More than 450 traders
from Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao specializing in merchandise from regions not usually found in
mainstream retail outlets exhibit their wares in Tiendesitas' shopping pavilions. Haggling a
la tiangge is a common negotiating tactic among local merchants.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Metro Walk (Pasig City)

Metrowalk is a small but major commercial hub in Pasig in the Philippines. It is located on
a 5,000 square metre parcel of land at the junction of Ortigas and Meralco Avenues in the Ortigas
Center central business district of the metro, The area made national news when its ownership
was noted as a possible motive for the murder of a businessman, Leonardo Umale in 2006. In
January 2007, the leisure hub was subject to media scrutiny when an alleged illegal casino was
said to be operating within the area limits. This was then denied by former-Pasig City mayor
Vicente Eusebio. However, the Manila Times noted that the mayor's comment was an official
statement. Pirated games and pirated videos are also some of the known items sold in Metrowalk.
Due to the absence of publicity, raids seldom occur.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Komtar (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

Komtar Tower, or Menara Komtar Complex is Penang's tallest building and the sixth tallest
building in Malaysia located in the heart of George Town, dominating the island's skyline. KOMTAR
is an acronym for Kompleks Tun Abdul Razak. When the skyscraper topped it was the second
tallest building in Asia after Sunshine 60 in Tokyo. Komtar was still Malaysia's tallest building for
3 years before it was surpassed by Menara Maybank in Kuala Lumpur in 1988.

Komtar

is

multipurpose complex consisting of retail outlets, transportation hub and administrative offices
for the Penang State Government. An acronym for Kompleks Tun Abdul Razak, KOMTAR was
named after Tun Abdul Razak Hussein, the second prime minister of Malaysia, who officiated in
the piling of Phase 1 on 1 January 1974. It bears the same name as Kompleks Tun Abdul Razak
in Johor Bahru, built about the same time but on a smaller scale. The Johor Bahru KOMTAR only
has 25 storeys.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Bandra Kurla Complex (Mumbai, India)

The Bandra Kurla Complex is a planned commercial complex in the suburbs of the Indian city
of Mumbai. According to MMRDA, the complex is the first of a series of "growth centres" created
to "arrest further concentration" of offices and commercial activities in South Mumbai. It is
expected to de-congest southern Mumbai and seed new areas of planned commercial real estate
in the metropolitan region. The complex was built on marshy land on the north side of Mahim
Creek and is bound by the suburbs of Kurla in the east andBandra in the west. Santacruz lies to
its North. The city's airport is located few kilometres to the north, allowing for a quick commute
between the airport and the complex. BKC houses a number of commercial buildings
including

Jammu

&

Kashmir

Bank

National

Business

Centre,

National

Stock

Exchange, SEBI, NABARD Head Office, IL&FS, Asian Heart Institute, Dow Chemicals, ICICI
Bank, Citibank, Dena Bank, Bank of Baroda, State Bank of India, Bank of India, Bharat Diamond
Bourse, Dhirubhai Ambani International School, American School of Bombay & Fortune 500. It
also is home to the Mumbai Cricket Association's cricket ground and the United States Mumbai
Consulate.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

I.3

Research Methodology

This chapter is used by multiple methods in order to satisfy the gathered data. The
descriptive method and techniques used herein will be further discussed throughout this chapter.
I.3.1 Research Design

In the study, we used descriptive research method where in the study is focused on the
existing and current problems and concerns of the facility. It involves recording, description, and
presentation of the problems of Pacita Commercial Complex. Under the descriptive method, the
study used the Case study method wherein we observed the current facility; Interview to the
reliable source is conducted usual commuters, tricycle drivers, bus drivers, UV express drivers,
Pedicab drivers and stall owners.
I.3.1.1 Research Design: Case Study
The case study is a walk-observation to the complex, determining, identifying and confirming the
problematic areas of the facility, the study composes of interviews, and photo-documentation of
the facility making it as a reliable source in identifying the needs in the area.

Pacita Commercial Complex Location

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

National Highway connecting Pacita Commercial Complex

Based on the conducted research the main problem within the area of the PCC is during torrential
rainfalls which results to flooding delaying the flow of the usual commuting and transportation
capability of the whole complex, flooding is the concern because of shops being flooded that
results to certain damages to stocks and selling products, Hans Queano a daily commuter in
Pacita Commercial Complex said that rainy seasons in the area is the biggest drawback in the
complex, hence he suggested that elevated walkways and sheds will bring relief to the
transportation network and the businesses that are operating within the area.

Jeepney Terminal in front on National Highway

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Inside of the Commercial Building


Jeepney Terminal which occupies the national highway causes traffic commuters whom
are waiting on the so called terminal left their garbage in the area, lack of waiting sheds specially
on rainy seasons is a hassle example of the transportation network within the area, dark and lack
of ventilation inside the commercial building because of poor planning and maintenance, the use
of lights in midday are signs of not organized and discrete planning of the structure, and very
small hallways that none of the bystanders and passerby would want to go, hence the whole
business inside the establishment isnt having any regular income that results to bankruptcy.

Connecting road to the complex

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

PNR Pacita Station


Jaywalkers lack of pedestrian walkway and proper waiting areas the overall circulation
inside the complex arent really accessible most of the time youll end up crossing all over the
roads which is not only dangerous but very risky specially from people who are carrying heavy
loads, very small walkways specially on the side of the railway are not a good sign. Most of the
time commuters are always in contact with vehicular traffic, which is very dangerous. Old and
useless PNR Station on the south side of the complex which isnt really used as a decent railway
station, Very inaccessible especially for those commuters that are coming from the national
highway, the mud from the railway and the very small walkways commuters tend to get lost.

Pacita Commercial Complex Main Tricycle Station

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Bus Stop in Pacita Commercial Complex

The Pacita tricycle terminal which is located on the west side of the complex has its own
problematic issues to address, the overall tarmac which the tricycles are lined up is consisting of
soil, which in rainy season becomes mud, that makes commuting very hard, and lack of sheds
just the front of the terminal is only has sheds. The bus stop which is near the tricycle terminal
is not suitable when rainy season, commuters are forced to run to the nearest shed which is the
shed of the tricycle terminal, very narrow walkway in the area is not suitable for large numbers
of commuters, and the rapid unloading of the buses are meant to create a traffic on the road.

UV Express Terminal

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Bus Terminal in Pacita Commercial Complex


The UV Express facing the national highway is occupying the parking lot for costumers of
the establishments, without proper terminal the commuters that are lined up and waiting for UVs
arent having sheds that will protect them from extreme heat and rainy seasons, The bus terminal
in front of Pure gold has its own problematic issues, the turning radius of the buses creates traffic
and maneuvering in and out of the terminal cost a lot of time, this scenarios are very much
present in any time of the day, the small road which buses are coming isnt conducive because
of its narrow width that is hard for maneuvering buses in and out of the terminal and causes
certain problem like traffic in the area, and time is wasted in maneuvering buses in the terminal.

Destroyed plant boxes and lack of walkways

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Lack of public urinal and garbage disposal areas

Absence of landscapes that dictates the peoples movement and direction are one of the
resulting factors to be considered, potholes from the roads, improper disposal of waste,
jaywalkers, old building and poor maintenance results to deterioration of the center of the
complex, terminals doesnt have sheds so rainy days are hard for the commuters, and stops the
flow of travel cutting lines from the whole complex. Traffic flow every 7:00am and every 5:00 am
resulting to heavy traffic to moderate. Issues like tricycle terminal clogging the road, improper
bus and jeepney stops are one of the main causes of traffic, dangerous jaywalking activities that
negates the traffic also are the factors of not orderly termination.

The absence of concrete on the terminal of tricycles, potholes results to thick mud every
rainy season, lack of sheds from commuters coming from buses, UV express, Jeepnies are one of
the worst scenarios that could happen, inadequate ventilation, lack of sunlight means more
electric cost to power lights, lack of planning for the pedestrian results people arent visiting the

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

shops inside, resulting to poor business incomes and opportunities, the PNR station and
the back alley of the market problems are improper disposal of waste, the old PNR station isnt
renovated yet, and the lack of proper sidewalks and walkways are the problems.

Ground of the wet market


Lack of drainage in the wet market area causes flooding and foul odor of the canals which
the fish bloods and other waste from the market, and which tends to create certain dangerous
wet floors and other obstacles that are dangerous to unconscious buyers and other end users.

Store room of the wet and dry market

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

The wet market has its own store room which other goods like rice and some fish products

are stored, the store room is not sealed which means other insects are prone to the area, and
moist are the problems of the store room, which will spoil the foods inside the store room.

Delivery area of the wet market


The wet market has an area which all the fishes are brought after they are delivered in
the market, this is the delivery room, the area have a very slippery floor, scales of the fishes and
other waster are being mop to the open canal to the left which has a foul odor. The roof have
some holes which tends to create floods inside the market when it is in the midst of raining.

PNR Pacita Complex Station

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

The Pacita commercial complex is like an abandoned structure, with lots of waste
scattered around the vicinity, the terminal is still operational but very rare occasion of train
passing by the vicinity, broken roofs and destroyed lights and slippery cement are signs of poor
and cheap development of the station lack of rooms or ticket booth are one of the problem.

Exterior of the Pacita Commercial Building

Ceiling of the Wet and Dry Market

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Public Parking Lot of the Complex

Traffic conditions inside the complex

Inside the wet market

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Based upon observation through the site observations and walkthrough all around the
complex, we emphasize the overall behavioral patterns of the users of the complex.
Commuters

Consumers

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Drivers

Maintenance and Security

Stall Owners

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

I.3.3. Research Instruments

This are the tools or instruments used in gathering data in the study of the Pacita
Commercial Complex, this will be the basis for the identifying the particular needs in the study
and making a reliable source for future inferences. In the study of the PCC, we used the tools
used Interview and Observation.
I.3.3.1 Research Instrument: Random Sampling
In an Random Sampling it is defined as a random on the spot interview, which means
asking directly toward the user in action, that can define the issues of the place, and its thoughts
in the situation, This occurs by asking questions for much needed information for the interviewee
Verbally and directly. One of the methods used in interview is interviewing commuters
which is residing and using the complex for years and decades past, and base their experiences
on the research, stall owners and different modes of transportation drivers interviewing can
satisfy the research method used, thus giving more evidence and clarity to the overall problem
of the site.

Hans Christian Queano is residing in San Pedro City for almost 2 years now, and his
experiences in the complex, every single detail of what he do and what he is wanting more out
of the vicinity was told in an interview, thus recommending some options and varying ideas. Kuya
Gilbert sells pirated CDs and DVDs in his stall inside the commercial building, and he said that
business is slow in the area, mainly because of lack of passerby and people coming inside. Aling
Jessa inside the Wet and Dry Market told us her hindrance in the disposal of the garbage and the

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Lack of drainages inside the wet market, and the ventilation is making her so
uncomfortable and business is slow because of consumers are going for the bigger commercial
establishments. Commercial stall owners are being interrogated of out of 18 stalls inside the
commercial building 12 of them arent happy about the location because of the lack of passerby
and costumers going inside of the place. This can be very hard for the business to earn income.

I.3.3.2 Research Instrument: Observation


This technique is used when the data is not adequate through the use of interview and
some other method. In observation it is the direct means of identifying the current facility of the
complex, the direct means of studying the flow, movement of the people in the facility, the used
of the spaces and identifying what is in the facility. Site visit is performed in order to commit this
method. In the site visit, we identified the mentioned problematic areas and prove the existing
problem, and taking it to account, the proponent are the consumers, commuters and stall owners.
Observation can be a power tool in creating a scenario and finding out the different flaws
and drawbacks of the place, this can be concluded or supported by various interrogation and
surveys to make the observation more credible and more feasible. Observation in the complex
could be the tool for the sightings of different problems that will be addressed to the complex.

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Chapter 4
I.3 Summary of Findings and Analysis
In this chapter the outcome of the gathered information and datas are analyzed,
summarized and discussed in a precise and systematize manner, The produced data are gathered
during the research methodology in which the proponent used most of the techniques to satisfy
and to develop the study with direct information of Pacita Commercial Complex. This chapter will
present datas and presentation in order to further understand the collected data and information.
I.3.1 Presentation of Collected Data
In this study the collected data will be presented in graphical method and figures to
understand the complexity of the problem, the proponent can easily discuss the problem on it.

Diagram of the adjacency of the main structures


Base on the graphical diagram, the Pacita commercial building is in the center of the whole
complex followed by the terminals on the North West, north east and south east area of the
whole complex, existing commercial building. Jollibee to be specific is erected on the south west
area.

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Macro Diagram of Pacita Commercial Building

Macro Diagram of Wet and Dry Market

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The wet and dry market is located on the north side of the complex, at the rear of it is
the old PNR station, and in the east is the tricycle terminal and in front is the old commercial
building, the disposal of the market is located on the far north west of the market and stalls in
front of the market, the wet market stalls are accessible with 4 discrete hallways and staff doors.

I.3.I.1 Presentation of the Collected Data: Survey Result


I.3.I.1.1 Survey Profile:
Results:

Modes of Transportation

Bus

Jeepney

Tricycle

UV Express

Pedicab

The chart shows that out of 30 commuters in Pacita Commercial Complex most of them take bus
as the most used mode of transportation followed by Jeepney, Tricycle, UV Express and Pedicab.
Such charts can identify the users point of view and the behavioral pattern of the people inside
the complex, and derive the definite point where the datas and observation can have proofs.

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Percentage of people using as mode of travel going In and


Out of the Complex
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

Walking

Private Vechicle

Public Utility Vehicles

Modes of Travel going In and Out of the Complex

The bar chart shows the percentage of the people walking and using private vehicles upon and
entering and leaving the complex, the bar chart shows that majority of the people using PUVs in
and out of the complex, commuters and shoppers usually travel by tricycle, Pedicab, jeeps, buses
or UVs when going in and out of the complex.

Usual activities of users inside the complex

Eating

Commuting

Buying

Transactions

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The pie chart shows the activities in which users are doing inside the complex, the chat shows
majority of the people are going to PCC for commuting purposes, second is buying and eating
and last are transactions like banking transactions, meeting up, paying bills and other things.
I.3.1.1.1.2 Vehicular Density
Since there are no existing datas in the number of cars going in and out of the complex
because there is no government agency that is concerning the ratio of cars in the Philippines. We
are going to just compute for the number of cars in San Vicente where Pacita Commercial Complex
is situated. The approximation of the number of cars that may enter is just to give an idea of how
many cars can and may possibly go inside the complex. The record shown is as of year 2010.

Number of passengers and motor vehicles according to World Bank

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The table shown shows that the Philippines has 30 vehicles for every 1000 people approximately.
Taking this statistics to consideration. The population of San Vicente where Pacita Commercial
Complex is situated is on 92,092 population. Doing the formula we have 92,092 divided by 30 is
in 3069 motor vehicles. It can be more or less because it is just an approximation for the data.
I.3.1.1.1.3 Buses Statistics
Greenstar Buses Company is one of the operators inside the complex, which the hours of
trips are ranging to 9:00am to 9:00pm. Average buses coming inside are 22 Greenstar buses
situated at the complex.

LTFRB Showing the number of operators and buses


BBL or Bian Bus Lines Company is another operator situated permanently on the bus
station, sharing with the Greenstar Buses. The hours of the operations are ranging to 9:00am to
9:00pm where they have approximately 43 buses coming in and out of the complex.

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I.3.1.1.1.4 Bus Routes, UV Express Routes and Jeepney Route

MMTPSS Survey of routes of buses and Jeepney


The routes of the buses and the Jeepney shows that they are situated in the national highway
and the buses also are situated at the national highway exiting on either Susana Heights exit in
SLEX and South woods Exit at the Bian boundaries. Both routes are visible to San Pedro City.
And statistically speaking the number of buses going in and out of the area are in 3,568 according
to LTFRB where it is studies. This networks shows the accessibility of the Pacita Commercial
Complex to Metro Manila, which links the overall transportation network and opportunities of
different visitors commuting and having a private vehicle situated at the situating towards site.

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AUV or UV Express routes in San Pedro City


The availability of the UV Express for the commuters of the complex could help ease up the
transportation congestion inside the complex, and help distribute people regarding their
destinations. The figure shows that the route of UV Express within the area of San Pedro City
routes at South Luzon Expressway and National Highway. One of their station is located at the
Pacita Commercial Complex.

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I.3.I.2 Presentation of the Collected Data: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and


Threats (SWOT)
The following Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats are based on the statements of
the Interviewee and observations through the Case Study.
I.3.I.2 .1 Analyses on the Strengths of the facility
The following are the capacity of the Pacita Commercial Complex, which has a positive
impact and a good sign of possible improvement of the new development of the facility.

Strategic Location for commuters and business related opportunities


The location of the site is very strategic due to its connection to the National road
or the Maharlika highway in which it is the vessels of the transportation and economic
industry, and very accessible to nearby places or the farthest places, the site is the
center of commuting of the community, commuters from nearby subdivisions are
coming to Pacita Commercial Complex because of its vast transportation modes.

Vast modes of transportation for commuting and tourist


Different modes of transportation from Train, Buses, Jeepnies, Tricycle, Pedicab
and UV Express, this modes are very useful for commuters and tourist and making

The complex as one of the first option in going to one place to another and the
accessibility to places.

Linkages of different modes of transportation


Making the commercial building a common area not only benefits the commuters
for easy access for all the modes of transportation but for the advantages of stall

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Owners which the percentage of opportunities will be higher, and the products
and stores will be exposed to public presence boosting the stalls and creating more
job opportunities for the end users.

Promoting Green architecture through the presence of landscaping for easy


dictation of foot travel
Creating a landscapes of pure greeneries will not only help the environment
but also creates an impression of the whole complex, and creating dictation of
travel not only creating a sense of direction but in order to guide the users in safe
foot travel.

Lower the time of foot travel, making an efficient and hassle free
accessibility
A big lot area like the Pacita Commercial Complex is difficult to walk thru
corners, plus the hassle of heat, ventilation and crowd is one of the factors of
making an uncomfortable foot travel, so bigger walkways and sheds will help lower
time of foot travel and shades and greeneries will help the hassle free foot travel.

I.3.I.2 .2 Analyses on the Weaknesses of the facility:

Not enough walkways for users


The absence of pathways are very much likely dangerous especially people with
disabilities, contacts with vehicular traffic and jaywalking can be dangerous to users.

Dark and not enough ventilation and poor planning of pedestrian circulation

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The main commercial building suffers from poor ventilation, lack of cooling
equipment, not enough lighting, and small stalls are very uncomfortable for end
users and consumers.

Poor maintenance of ceilings, floors, walls


The whole main building suffers from chips, sagging ceiling, pot holes from the
floors and broken and missing tiles because of poor maintenance can be
problematic deficiencies.

Muddy tarmac and small waiting sheds on tricycle terminal


The tricycle terminal of the commercial complex is suffering from muddy
tarmac that can be very serious when in rainy season and flooding occurrence,
small waiting shed can be very uncomfortable for commuters that are waiting in
line and lack of waiting area.

Mixed circulation of both vehicular and pedestrian


Means that the vehicular and the pedestrian movement are sharing several points
in the complex which may have the risk of danger and unnecessary casualties.

Lack of shed for bus terminal and improper maneuvering area for buses

Lack of waiting sheds and maneuvering area for buses can be very frustrating for motorist
because bus occupies more space in the road, which in terms of going in and out of the terminal
time is used for just maneuvering inside and out.

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Wet and Dry Market suffers from lack of ventilation and absence natural
lighting

Lack of strategies in placement of windows and natural light can reflect to the stall owners
because of the bills in electricity which they are paying, lack of ventilation can be very frustrating
not only for stall owners but for consumers as well.

No particular space for UV Express and Pedicab

Lack of space for this modes of transportation can result to not organized complex in which
it can possibly interfere with the balance of the complex, lack of terminal for UV Express can
result to occupying public parking space for private vehicles, which can greatly affect the
opportunities of the site same as Pedicab drivers.

Poor Maintenance of the Commercial buildings and the Wet and Dry Market
Meaning the investment of the commercial spaces will not uplift the integrity and

the reputation of the structures and the complex. Which can result drawbacks such as ceiling
failure and the floor flooding and many more building damage without the proper maintenance.

I.3.I.2 .3 Analyses on the Opportunities of the Facility

Due to the increasing number of population, Pacita Commercial Complex will be


benefited in terms of the opportunities for stall owners

Pacita Commercial Complex can be a gateway to Pacita or possibly to San Pedro City
because of the growing number of commercial establishments investing in PCC.

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Existing commercial establishments like Shakeys, Jollibee, Greenwich, Max can uplift
the number of opportunities and lessen the uncomfortable level of going in and out of
the complex.

National Highway or the Maharlika Highway is the bridge between the two cities
(Muntinlupa City and Bian City) hence, transportation, shipping and tourism can grow.
Making PCC the asset of Pacita community.

The trademark of the complex for commercial needs and transportation can benefit
the small businesses and the further development will boost the image and comfort of
the users.

Once the PNR Pacita Station is fully operational, the opportunities of the stall owners
will boost, and being a link from various places making the site a landmark.

I.3.I.2 .4 Analyses on the Threats of the Facility

Due to increasing population, some parts of the complex will be crowded

The physical state of the structures may not fit the other existing establishments

The presence of public roads in which cannot be moved will be a hindrance.

Huge complex proposal or maintenance of such big establishment can cost a lot of money.

The risk of flooding in the area could cripple the commercial establishments income.

I.3.2 Need Analysis


In this part, different analysis on given figures are stated in which, portion where it is
stated what is needed in the study in order to satisfy the needed information.
The following are the needs of the complex:

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Well planned walkways

Landscaping for barriers and dictation of travel

Waiting sheds and sheds for walkways for rainy season and hot seasons

Well ventilated and adequate natural light for establishments

Proper spaces for modes of transportations each with sheds and waiting area

A common walkway for accessible to all the modes of transport in the complex

Well defined stalls for pedestrian walkway

Proper width of walkways and roads

Proper Bus stop location

Paved tarmacs

Iconic design of building for the landmark of the place

Based on the studied gathered data, Pacita Commercial Complex, with the determined characters
on the weaknesses, opportunities, threats and strength of the complex, such results and datas
may vary and other may not be as accurate and defined but following the systematical analyzation
of datas and information we determined what is needed in the complex its lacking factors for
development and advantages, and it is to develop in order to adapt the existing and future
demands of the society in San Pedro and its neighbors, the commuters, stall owners,
establishments staffs, drivers, maintenance and through this proposed solution, people will come
and trust Pacita Commercial Complex. Therefore, proponent will propose a Redevelopment of
Pacita Commercial Complex.

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Chapter 1.5 Conclusion and Recommendation


As part of an effective study of different problems of the commercial complex, the
proponents should include and identify the possible approaches to the problems of the vicinity,
in this chapter, proposals and interferences are created to the study of the proposals.
As we proposed, the Pacita Commercial Complex has certain problems inside which are in
the lack of natural lighting and ventilation, this means that electrical bills could rise up and stall
owners are the one taking the hits, so proper execution of this problems can help to ease the
factors. The modernization of the whole complex from the commercial building and the wet and
dry market and the several terminals can help to the comfort of both the target and end users,
certain approach like the Tiendesitas where the stalls are the common space so that passerby
and shoppers will be forced to go one common place so that ease of travel and comfort will be
the benefit of the commercial complex, The redirection of traffic means, both private and public
utility vehicle wont be conflicted and the proper flow of the vicinity will be achieved, and the
isolation of both the vehicular and the pedestrian means flawless interaction of each group
without conflicting interest, this could result to proper execution of the whole research study.
Reorienting of spaces for proper development and flaws of each and every establishments
could result to direct passage of different needs of the users, and limit time consuming in travel
time and push the efficiency to its exceeding limits, weakness and strengths are tackled in the
research study which adds information to the problems of the vicinity, thus the strengths in which
certain location has to be optimized to gain more benefiting results, due to the lack of passerby
and circulation inside the main commercial building, it must be the common space of the
pedestrian

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Circulation that could result to certain problems in transition of both the traffic. As the local says
the commercial complex is the center of transportation for the commuters, and the business and
commercial establishments so proper execution of different problems should be announced and
documented to seal different kinds of problem that arouses the commercial complex and the
terminals inside it. This problems should be solved accordingly to the governing codes and
standards and the laws to achieve legitimate results, and provide the Pacita Commercial Complex
into a hub of transportation, and the center of business and commercial needs of the users. The
lack of public toilets for the public user serves a hindrance in creating a diversified public friendly
place and complex for the consumers, commuters, end users. This is very critical needs to create
the perfect impression of a good complex and transportation hub, linking everything into one
huge complex that could cater any type of user. From the transportation department down to the
commercial diversity, the complex could create a diversified the whole complex. From the
commercial restaurants, fast food chains, and other commercial services. It can sustain the people
all around the complex. Giving importance to each and every user that makes up the whole
complex can be the success that the study is aiming for. Various methodology in creating a
diversified and complementary complex can be achieved based on the findings of the research.

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II.

Research Focus
In this chapter, the proponent will introduce the emphasis of the study, it is the core of

the whole research study that will be applied to the chosen title of the proponent, in which the
Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex. In this chapter, the importance of the study will
be stated its significance to the users and the recipients.
II. 1

Rationale
The proposed new development of Pacita Commercial Complex, thru which the adaptation

of certain principles and new ideology in designing the whole integration of commercialize area
and the transportation hub. Our study focuses on the modernize ideology of the execution in the
proposed new development of Pacita Commercial Complex, the study will also tackle the future
demands of the complex, in this way the effectiveness of the planning and designing of the whole
complex, the study will also tackle certain modernized procedures in the concern of transportation
sector, and the business advantages of the commercial sector of the complex, that could create
a harmony into both transportation and commercial sector. Pacita Commercial Complex continues
to be the gateway in and out of the city, creating a vantage point for almost all opportunities into
a diversified area, adding the modernization of different highly urbanized cities could also benefit
the level of expectation that a city of San Pedro could offer, creating an improvised development
of power saving, creating a free flowing complex, that will not conflict each users into its respected
places, providing the Pacita Commercial Complex the level of highly urbanized and environmental
safe procedures in terms of lighting and power saving, modernize planning of landscapes and site
planning are one of the focuses of the study in order for the beneficial factors of the site users.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
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II. 2 Principles and relevance to the project


II.2.1 Principles: Modernization and Dynamic Ideology Approach to Pacita
Commercial Complex
Both the modernization ideology and the execution that will benefit the class of the
commercial complex and help it to comply to state of San Pedro City as highly urbanized city,
such statement should not only have the commercial complex established but to adapt the certain
principles and ideology to other alike structures that are currently existed, certain future
approaches to other fields of architecture from planning, designing, building methodology,
landscape designing will be benefit the study in order to achieve certain characteristics of the
site, such ideas could not only be use to the site, but to apply different methods based on the
proponents view of the complex, ideas from passive ventilation and lighting to sewer design to
avoid flooding incidents will help to ease up commuters and stall owners during light rains in the
complex, modernization not only imply to the establishment, but the terminals as well that
ventilation and lights will not be a hindrance in achieving comfort levels of the passengers and
the drivers in peak hours where crowded people from terminals are withdrawn to the complex.
II.2.1.1 Multi use space planning
Efficient use if space for entertainment, shopping and related activities are beneficial into
the integration of this principles to the site, conceptual planning that is critical to the success of
the site will create its basis into the designation of proper traffic possibilities, the evolution of
commercial complex into multi use and multi themed establishment that will harmonize different
kinds of shops and other restaurants, to achieve design excellence and to come up with a
prototype design for a transportation hub, for the future and scenario where space will become

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a precious commodity and rapid transportation that will have to support small site further to save
space commercial activities will be incorporated with the different transportation terminals and
give the Pacita Commercial Complex the missing landmark building. Multi used could create a
certain opportunities not only on with the administrator of the site but the stall owners which will
create a flourishing commercial building, wet and dry market and different modes of terminals
into one specific complex that could allow the whole ecosystem to interact without conflicting.

II.2.1.2 Segregation of Different Modes of Transportation and Activities


The segregation of different types of activities from transportation sector to the pedestrian
activities could lessen the density of different kinds of activities and distribute it to the overall
vantage points in the site that could lead to free space and can limit the clogging of various
spaces depending on the time. The segregation of different modes in transportation will also help
to free up remaining uncertainties into the development of the complex, where this could bring
to comfort both the passengers and the drivers, this certain principles could develop the complex.
II.2.1.3 Proper Isolation of Vehicular and Pedestrian Movement
This proper isolation of vehicular for the minimization of conflict where it could clogged
up the particular point of interest in the whole complex, which could result to vehicular traffic
congestion, pedestrian movement where they tend to get conflicted to certain point that vehicular
access are flowing, proper dictation of travel that will give a certain track into all the users of the
site, and avoid certain lost in travel that will not be beneficial to the users of the commercial.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

II.2.1.4 Passive renewal of light and ventilation


Creating green sources for light and ventilation will be beneficial to the environment, the
absence of air-conditioned units that carry CFCs which harm the ozone layer will be eliminated
in the principles of the structures inside the site, and not only the environment will be benefited
but the stall owners and the administrators and the operators paying lights and ventilation
equipment. Every sources of light and ventilation can be planned by giving certain study for the
site orientation and different strategies to create the systematical arrangement of windows and
take advantage of the lighting of the sun to get on with the different areas of the establishments.

II.2.1.5 Use of Material to in the true expression


Creating certain use of materials into the commercial building complex and the transportation
areas, wet and dry market and the transition of different types of materials like steel and wood
and concrete could create an expression and certain principle that could be adapted. The
transition of the materials is the imagery of modernized designing and interior preferences that
could tackle the improvement and correlation of the interior designing and architectural designing
principles that could benefit the user and uplift the level of class in the structures inside the
complex creating a certain theme that will be iconic in terms of architecture.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

II.2.2 Relevance of Modernize Dynamic Ideology Approach to Pacita Commercial


Complex
The significance of Pacita Commercial Complex is to create a dynamic and flourishing
environment that will cater every user of the site without the conflicts and the segregation of
different activities to attain the free flowing environment that the proponent envisioned. This
certain factors will sustain and satisfy the needs and the wants of the users, that will help them
to bring the optimal comfort level of every individual using the site, Pacita Commercial Complex
has been the key area for transportation, commercial center for the towns of San Pedro City, thus
the proponent propose a modern approach to the redevelopment of the whole complex, each
and other proponent are not satisfied to the existing conditions of the site, Modernization of
dynamic flow of every other activities of the complex not only evolve the site but it thrives and
grow to the future endeavors that will be happening on the site, formulation of different strategies
in to dynamic approaches will be the beneficial factor of the site because of its characteristics of
live and free flowing full of activities and an active place in the city, the spaces that will be created
into the distinct theme of the commercial and the market structures and the terminals will also
help to sustain rigid and maintenance free structures that will help to save money and cost for
replacement and maintenances, the aesthetic of each and every establishment inside the city
correlated great benefits to the complex, creating a distinct character that will emerge in the
center of the city, bringing many tourist, commuters and daily shoppers into the complex,
admiring different strategies in evolving living of the people in the future, the Modernization
dynamic ideology is more likely focuses to the advantages of both the transportation sector and
the stall owners as well as the environment, and the visitors of the site and its future up brings.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

II. 3 Application to the project


II.3.1 Application: Modernized Dynamic Approach on Pacita Commercial Complex
II.3.1.1 Facade
Modernization of certain aesthetic values of the establishment inside the site forms a characteristic
of the well-designed approach. Both the interior and exterior are the similar relevance of the
materials and the design, which will not lose the overall characteristic integrity of the complex.
Dynamic and free flowing materials, from the steel and transition to glass and from the wood that
will look more alive, that could negate something to the site that will help it to create an
impression.

The intention of the faade to be dynamic and interesting


In the planning of the facades of each and every establishments inside the complex, designing it
with movement and dynamism will harmonize the alive spirit of the complex as such.

Overall design uniformity of the recent commercial building

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


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2010101820

The modernized architecture will play the vital role of the aesthetics of the whole faade and the
corresponding establishments in the complex, creating a single theme for every other
establishments that will bring the uniformity of the design and making an impression of different
kind of establishments into a one single complex structure, certain dynamic and neutral earth
colors will provide the establishments the ground willing to rise in the midst of a certain complex,
wood, steel and glass will play along together the transition of various elements and creating a
classy and harmonious feeling to every part of the complex, thus attention of different people will
be directed to the different establishments and will able to tell the different needs and uses of it
based on the dictation of the design. Newly constructed commercial complex and transportation
hubs are into the extensive used of steels and glasses that creates a progressive stance of the
site. Glass not only make it more interesting but helps to the application of passive lighting.

II.3.1.2 Modernized Passive Lighting and Ventilation


Passive shadings like the use of overhangs that control the solar heating season, the beginning
and the end of the period solar gain through the south face glazing, fixed overhangs should be
designed so there is a separation between the top and of the windows and the underside of the
projecting surface, lights will be used on the common spaces so because people move from one
point to the other restricting the solar to focus on a certain individual the introduction of solar
chimney to the ventilation of the wet and dry market not only creates a well-ventilated space but
to provide passive cooling for the stall owners. Lighting can be achieved in proper selection of
window type and windows orientation to the sun and the direct feed of the sun into the window
which will not exceed the tolerable level of each and every person inside the establishments.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Different methods and approach in passive ventilation


II.3.2 Application: Modernized and dynamic approach: Stall Owners focused
The application of different interior options for stall owners that would benefit them inside the
commercial building. Another principle inside the stalls will be the different kind of stores which
are inside the establishments, where the interactive and possible portability in the stall owners.

Interactive approach for the stall owners

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Designing a certain idea in respect of dynamic approach is that interactive stores which every
stores has its own theme depending on its own goods, but in this way uniformity is the most
important aspect that could be a driving force in the overall characteristics of the interiors. Certain
materials that will harmonize the different kind of the approach in the certain forms of interior.
III.3.3 Application: Modes of Transportation Terminal Focused

Ideology of different kinds of terminal


Different kinds of terminal which services different commuters and different appro4aches into
certain principles for each and every terminal behavior. Pedicab, Bus, Jeepney and other modes
of transportation, the transition between glass and steel will be the extensive use of this materials
will not only develop the existence of the characteristic of the terminal and its certain principles.
The relief of the passenger in the extent of waiting for the line for the turn in the transportation
sector, certain landscapes and the emulsifying design of the interior will entertain the waiting
users, comfort rooms are also dedicated for every sector or terminal, due to many people using
the different kinds of transportation, basic needs like food and the urinal needs must be sustained
to create a dynamic and diverse to the extent

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


Alvarez, Solon Jr., V.
2010101820

Design approach to transportation terminals

Approach for the road segregation


The approach in creating a flaw less and hassle free diversified integration of different modes of
transportation into marriage of commercial complex and transportation hub must determine the
exact various types of transportation, several methods should allow the distinct implementations
of such designs, like the 3 way barrier of not only isolating buses in the complex but the private
vehicles as well. Bus stops for rapid transportation needed waiting sheds that allow people to of
waiting posture to sit around and wait for the buses to come, the Pacita MG station needed to be
as modernized as well. So different methods in creating a distinct railway station to satisfy the
users must be as carefully designed. Emulsifying the designs that joining concrete, steel and glass
could create an impression, methods in planning for the direct access of people to the complex.

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1.3.4 Application: Commercial Building Planning


Upon the application of different technologies and modernization in the internal buildings
that would support different ideology in planning an designs, visitors and different users and their
own activities, spaces that are creating activities must be in positive impact such as the uplifting
of the users of the complex, the passer-by could create a circulation that common spaces existed.
This sets of activities could create certain attitude in planning the commercial building and the
wet and dry market, thru its course in the actions of people and the activities that every day.
Spaces creating activities:
Waiting Areas Seating, Watching Television
Stalls Transactions
Pathways Walking
Activities results to a better and configuration, positive outlook and somehow help the commercial
and the transportation sector of the building.

Bound between hardscapes and softscapes

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Greeneries such as having a landscape garden will be a relaxing point and a refreshing color to
the eye, greeneries promotes such sustainable design and environmental friendly executions,
greeneries are another factor of transition between environment and manmade materials, this
blends into the designing of the hardscapes and softscapes of the structure. Trees and ornamental
plants promote the environment, and very pleasing for the commuters and passerby, and give
interest to the visitors and other stall owners and staffs of the complex, living wall or other
contemporary designs that promotes the greeneries will not only help to clean air from the
pollution from the bus, jeeps and private vehicles, not only promotes the environment but the
people using it as well. Green space creates activities like open fields and other personal works.

III.3.4.1 Commercial Building Planning: Characterizing and giving identity to space


Color gives emphasis thru certain interior space or exterior space, giving a color to an environment
creates a characteristic and its identity, neutral colors creates general outlook to all the people,
and creates a neutral mood which help them to focus to such interiors. The use of certain
materials create strong impressions to the people around, from class to cheapness of the material,
but certain materials creates a strong impression but not will cost a lot for the aesthetic value,
same will apply to transportation sector and the market place neutral material that creates a clean
and purified approach that will be compatible to the users and the seller inside the market. The
use of materials through the floor and the ceiling, space framing from the ceiling of the market
and different establishments will help the air to circulate inside the space, and the minimization
of ceiling which gives the space a confine feeling and helps the space to flourish and to grow.

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Modern wet and dry market


III.3.4.2 Commercial Building: Crowd Control and Circulation Dictation
The crowd control and the submissive behavior of people to obstacles that could relate
them to the certain space for the walking leisure and other personal walking preferences, giving
them continual walkway without the interference of vehicular traffic will be the basis of the
circulation that could result to certain drafts that potentially direct the traffic to the stalls and
other dead spaces that arent use in the complex, and giving the people time for going everywhere
in the complex and preferences. Correlation from landscaping and certain pathways will exist.

Principles in vehicular circulation

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Part III. Site Identification and Analysis


In this chapter, the site of Pacita Commercial Complex will be analyzed and identified, the
characters and the site based on the progress and undesirable problems and characters are
being identified in terms of macro and micro setting. Specific laws and building codes
ordinances are stated according to the area.
III.1 Site Evaluation and Analysis
III.1.1 the Macro Settings

The Pacita commercial complex located at the strategic point of San Pedro City
III.1.1A: The City of San Pedro

The city of San Pedro is a 1st district first class city in the province of Laguna, officially City of San
Pedro. It is named after its patron saint Peter. San Pedro City is located in region 4A or
CALABARZON. San Pedro City is the boundary between Laguna and Metro Manila. Pacita
commercial complex is also the first complex that is closes to the Bian City boundary.

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2010101820

Lagunas Gateway to Metro Manila. San Pedro shares boundaries with Metro Manilas
southernmost city, Muntinlupa (northern portion) and Bian City (southern portion). Its position
makes San Pedro City a popular suburban residential community, where many residents commute
from daily work to Metro Manila. Support groups from the local government and non-government
organization are striving to incorporate San Pedro into Metro Manila by the year 2015. The
coordinates of San Pedro City is 142153N 1210320E.

Location of San Pedro City in Laguna and in the Philippines


San Pedro is politically subdivided into 20 barangays. The largest barangay is San Antonio, which
has a total of 780 hectares. There are 4,705 total business establishments, 40 commercial, savings
and rural banks, 117 restaurant, cafeteria, and other refreshment parlor, and two public and five
private markets and supermarkets. There are 40 banks, 62 pawnshops, 36 lending institutions
and 11 insurance companies operating in the city. A large percentage of industrial and
manufacturing establishments of San Pedro is located on the adjacent barangays of San Vicente
and San Antonio.

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III.1B: Demographic Profile

In the table shown above the computed population of the National Statistics Office in San Pedro
City in the year 1990 to 2010 with the total of 294,310 last May 2010 and with a percentage
increase of +1.59%.

The specific population of the barangays

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In this this table The City of San Pedro is the 37th most populous city in the Philippines. As of
2010, the population is 294,310, up from 281,808 in 2007, or an increase of 4.44%. Its area is
24.05 square kilometers (9.29 sq. mi) with a density of 12,237.42 per square kilometer
(31,694.8/sq. mi). The barangay San Vicente has the most number of population of 92,092 as of
May 2010 and the least is barangay of Nueva which has the total population of 2100. The table
also indicates the household population in every barangays in the city and the density or the
person per hectare which is also beneficial in order to have an idea of the population of the city.
III.1C: Climate

Rainfall, Typhoon and Temperature Vulnerability Map


In the figure given in the above the study was based on the Manila Observatory which
show the Typhoon, Rainfall and Temperature Vulnerability of the Philippines. Where the risk of
typhoon are mostly on June to November, and the rainfall vulnerability or JJA rainfall index stated
that the city of San Pedro is approximately 6.21 to 6.47 which means the area of San Pedro is in
the average rainfall index meter, the typhoon vulnerability map shows that the City of San

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2010101820

Pedro is in the 6.95 typhoon index shown in orange color, which means the area is susceptible
to typhoons or the average tracking of typhoons. The temperature vulnerability map shows the
temperature index of the City of San Pedro, according to the index the city of San Pedro is in the
3.22 index. Which means it is a good sign and very average temperature in the city.

Climate graph of Manila and Luzon where Laguna is located

The climate graph shows the precipitation, and other important datas depending on the months
of the year, the chart below states that the highest temperature of the year and the least is
January, and showing the season from December to February- Cool and Dry Season and March
to May Hot and Dry and June to November with Rainy Season

Graph of climate

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Graph of Season Climate


III.1D: Hazard and Disaster

The food map of Laguna according to Noah DOST

The figure above shows that the cities of Santa Rosa, Bian and San Pedro doesnt have
any flood prone areas, which is beneficial to the residences of this cities. But at very strong
typhoons the coastline of the San Pedro City overflow creating floods at the part of Landayan,
which is the barangay closes to the lake, which also floods the Pacita Commercial Complex
especially on heavy rains. Other establishments on the national highway is affected on the floods.
Making the national highway susceptible to floods and other temporary heavy rains.

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Tsunami Prone Areas Map and the Distribution of Volcanoes Map

The maps in the figure are showing various hazardous areas like Tsunamis and Volcanoes
Maps which can affect the study and the feasibility of the site, the shorelines that are indicated
in the blue lines are the Tsunami Prone Areas and the blue triangle shape icons are the location
of the volcanoes prior to the assessment and findings of Department of Environment and Natural
Resources. The city of San Pedro doesnt have any shorelines except to Laguna Lake which
doesnt create Tsunami like waves but only small storm surges, and the City of San Pedro doesnt
have existing volcanoes.

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The earthquake Prone Areas and Earthquake Induced Shallow Landslides

In the figure above the map also indicated the prone areas of the Philippines where the city of
San Pedro results which the map is indicated, San Pedro City is somewhere to 7.3-7.6 magnitude
earth quakes radius and San Pedro city is in 20-47 hts. , which is the San Pedro city is prone to
earthquake, but then the San Pedro is far from any fault lines and the rarity of certain earthquake
to hit the location of San Pedro city, there are no present risk of landslides because san Pedro
city is in a flat to medium terrain.

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III.1.2 the Micro Settings


III.1.2.1 the Pacita Commercial Complex Site

The Pacita Commercial Complex is located at San Pedro, Laguna facing Maharlika Road or
the National Highway. The 3 connecting roads towards the National highway are public roads,
the National highway serves many commercial and industrial establishments, from the RC cola
factory, and the shopping centers like Pavilion mall and shop wise grocery, this are the key
commercial establishments around the city, at the back of the commercial complex is the Centro
Pacita another commercial establishment, and between them is the PNR MG Station.

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The M aharlika Highw ay or the N ational Highw ay


The Pacita Commercial Complex is facing the major road for the Jeepney and buses as
well as the UV Express, it is the connection to all the parts of the country, and where the Pacita
Commercial Complex is called Labasan because it is the area before exiting the major road. The
road is approx. 18 meters. And has two lanes which is covered in asphalt tarmac. The national
highway is also equip with its own drainage system but does not sustain certain amount of rainfall
especially in continuous rainfall, some of the flooding are transferred to low lying grounds when
the drainage exceeded its maximum capability to distribute water evenly to the Laguna Lake. The
sidewalks of the highway is almost 1.5 meters in length that is capable of having many people in
the sidewalks, the government of San Pedro built an overpass to avoid jaywalking in the area,
but still many people still jaywalks especially when the stop light in the intersection is in red.
The National highway also called the Pan Philippine Highway or Maharlika Highway is the
life of the transportation industry where goods and merchandise is distributed from anywhere in
the country, the road or AH26 is a 3,517 kilometer stretch of network of roads and bridges and
ferry services, that connects Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. The end points of the highway is in
Laog, Ilocos Norte the northern point and the southern point the Zamboanga City.

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III.1.2.3 Impacts of the highway to Pacita Commercial Complex

The Highway has some existing commercial and industrial structures

The existence of the highway makes the Pacita Commercial Complex striving and full of
opportunities for visitors and travelers and commuters, this can link many more cities
and sharing ideas and cultures and to renown the place for its diverse activities.

Vehicular Traffic and Access to the Complex

The highway can accommodate large vehicles like buses and trucks that can make the
transportation sector with good services and accessible places.

The National highway serves like the collector road for every road in the city. Almost a
major road next to the South Luzon Expressway.

Certain deliveries of good in and out of the public market and the commercial
establishments creates a certain accessibility in terms of the marketing sector of the
whole complex.

The advantages of being passed by vehicular traffic creates more iconic and
opportunities for the complex to be discovered, such tourist can pass by the site to eat
and basic needs, the highway merges both the tourism industry of the complex.

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III.1.2.4 the Site Characteristics and Analysis


III.1.2.4A Sun and Wind Path

Sun and wind path Map


The figure showing the sun path and the monsoon winds, the sun will rise directly in front
of the commercial building and in the afternoon the sun will settle in the rear of the market area
the wind path shown in the figure above is the northeast monsoon and the southeast monsoon,
this monsoons directly penetrates each and every facility distribution of winds are very heavy.
At 12 noon the sun is pointing directly on the sites, making the commuters susceptible to heat
and solar discomfort, and at 3pm the warm breeze and the hot sun is pointed directly at market
place people inside perspire at this certain time of the day making both users not comfortable.

Proposed New Redevelopment of Pacita Commercial Complex


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2010101820

Trees and buffer zones

The figure above states the existing trees in the green highlight, the location of the trees are
scattered around the site, minimal tall trees are present on the site, the greeneries around the
site arent maintained and many branches from the trees close to the commercial building are
scattered almost, in front of the faade there are no trees present in the site, the trees closest to
the commercial building serves as shading for other security and maintenance personnel of the
building, the yellow lines are the noises that are present in the vicinity, almost every part of the
site have noises, at the front is the busy and noisy national road where not only the vehicles but
the barkers of the informal parking of Jeepney are located, at the west side lies the commercial
establishments where noises from speakers and shoppers are present, at the market area where
the seller of fishes and other merchandise yell to get attention to the buyers, then the train where
it begin to be noisy as well. Every establishment is seen right away looking from the national
road. But the market and the stalls located at the south arent visible right away due to location.

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III.1.2.4C Adjacency of each Establishments and its difference in activities

Adjacency of each establishment inside the complex


Legend:

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Adjacency of establishments surrounding the complex


The figures above shows the adjacencies of different establishments inside the complex and
outside the complex, which is critical in creating an idea in which people mostly go and others
usually avoided, this establishments has its own purpose and has its own time where it is usually
crowded or peak hours of each establishments are introduce to know the proper approach in
planning the site, the establishments inside the complex composes of existing establishments
which the Pacita commercial complex is investing on, this commercial establishments are paying
for the land of Pacita commercial complex, the original buildings from the Pacita commercial
complex are the commercial building 1 and 2 and the public market. The complex also
accommodate parking slots up to 50 cars maximum, and some parking spaces are for different
establishment parking only, the Pacita commercial complex is bounded by the railway station at

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the south side where the Pacita MG Station is located, and bounded by the National Highway at
the north and an open space at the west and the West Lake Medical Center at the east side of
the complex. The commercial complex also is equipped with a public toilet for one person each
time, and you have to pay for that. Certain terminals are scattered around the commercial
complex. The center building is the commercial complex building where stalls are located and at
the back is the wet and dry market and several stalls and commercial stores where they sell
goods, in front of the complex is where the UV Express are parked and Jeepney are located.
The complex has so many shops and services to offer like Salons, Grocery Stores like Reysal
Grocery Store, Pure gold Supermarket. Some computer shops are located inside the commercial
building, computer store like Milestone Computers, Pet shops like the Simons Pet shop located
inside the Commercial building 2, Wet and Dry Market, and several fast-food and restaurants like
Jollibee, Maxs Restaurant, Greenwich, Dunkin Donuts, Pan De Manila and several more. The
commercial building also composed of a Food court where several small scale food stalls are
located. The open space inside the complex is the tricycle terminal parking that covered a lot.

III.1.2.5 Site Computations


In this part of the study, the proponent will also determine the computed site, which also
stated that the area covered by the different spaces that are present in the vicinity will be
determined as by the PD 1096 or the National Building Code. The proponent mandatory compared
the areas and the required areas in order to execute the implementation of what is according the
Building Code. Whatever flaws and indifference conflicting the code will be revised accordingly
within the guidelines and laws that are implemented.

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Site zoning identification


The figure shown above is the sketch of Pacita Commercial Complex, this lines corresponds to
the spaces being identified in the site computation, this will determine the ingress and the egress
of the complex and the key entry points of the commercial building 1 and commercial building 2,
the Lot area of the Pacita Commercial Complex. The diagonal lines are the open spaces of the
complex, the horizontal lines are the building area. The diagonal lines composes of open parking
lot of both the administration of Pacita Plaza and the respective owners of the restaurants.
With a total Covered Space Area
Area = 39014.57 Building area: Commercial building 1 = 5335.875 Commercial
building 2 = 7383.740 Perimeter = 769.73
The site computation is based on the PD 1096; The National Building Code of the
Philippines and the Application of Development Control that is to determine the area of

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The site, this computation will be the determining factor of possibly the maximum and the
minimum area for the building. Areas and the open spaces that are classified into isolated parts
as the tarmac of the paved and unpaved part of the area.
The Development Control or DC determines whether the bulk of the building structure bulk in
which that the assuming size of the faade in the position of vertical and horizontal aspect of the
site.
Computation of AMBF or Allowable Maximum Building Footprint.
In this computation we determine the possible maximum area of the buildings erected or the
buildable area of the entire lot.
Total Lot Area vs. Buildable Area
AMBF = TLA Land Area required for yards/courts/parking garages/open spaces +
additional Buildable Area
*TLA Total Lot Area
The percentage of the site occupancy which is also called as Lot Occupancy. In determining the
lot with the percentage of occupancy it will depend on the type whether it is an open space,
buildable etc.
Formula:
Percentage of Site Occupancy = AMBF / TLA
*Resultant height of the building/ Structure (metres)

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The formula will determine the height desired limit and the said facility with the direct accordance
of what building type the consideration on the limit and the height of the building of the whole
complex.
BHL x Desired floor to floor Height (metre)

BHL for commercial buildings

Parking spaces for commercial buildings

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Parking slot for restaurants and supermarkets

BHL limit for commercial buildings group B, C, E, H, I

Building Bulk for commercial structures

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In this figures they present the BHL or the Building Height Limit that the NBC are provisioned,
which in terms of every building type has a different restriction and ordinance to follow.

NOTE:

(R ecom m ended

FLAR

Designations/ R ights)

and/ or

consult

ex isting/ applicable and duly-approved zoning ordinances.


i. GR OSS FLOOR AR EA (GFA) - the total floor space within the perimeter of the permanent
external building walls (inclusive of main and auxiliary buildings) such as office areas, residential
areas, corridors, lobbies and mezzanine level/s. The GFA shall also include building projections

Which may serve as floors or platforms that are directly connected to/integrated with areas within
the building/structure, e.g., balconies (Refer to Section 1004 of Rule X of this IRR) and the GFA
excludes the following:
(a) Covered areas used for parking and driveways, services and utilities;
(b) Vertical penetrations in parking floors where no residential or office units are present; and
(c) Uncovered areas for helipads, air-conditioning cooling towers or air-conditioning condensing
unit (ACCU) balconies, overhead water tanks, roof decks, laundry areas and cages, wading or
swimming pools, whirlpools or Jacuzzis, terraces, gardens, courts or plazas, balconies exceeding
10.00 sq. meters, fire escape structures and the like.

Legend:
TLA Total Lot Area

AMBF Allowable Building Footprint

MACA Maximum Allowable Construction Area

UOS (Unpaved Open Spaces)

BHL Building height Limit

TOSL Total Space within Lot

PSO (Paved Open Space)

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The summary of Pacita Commercial Complex Site Computations

The figure shows the computed areas, building height limit and the resultant height of the
building in which the preliminary building bulks of the commercial buildings of the Pacita
Commercial Complex. This computation and the whole formulation of getting the TLA, PSO, ISA,
USA, TOSL, AMBF, MACA, BHL and the resultant height we are able to identify this factors in the
site computation. In this study and computation we will able to study and be knowledgeable
whether the site had reach its full potential according to the National Building Code computations,
and if we can further expand the site horizontally and vertically oriented.

The computations are based on the TLA given to the site development plan, in this we
identified the different factors which we will consider further for the planning, after knowing this
formulas and computations that are provided and imprinted to National Building Code and the PD
1096. We computed and applied the formulas to the TLA of the complex, regardless of us
determining the area mentioned in the study which is dependent to the existent of the complex.