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AdaminIslam
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

dam(Arabic:,translit.:dam,AlternateSpelling:
Adem)isbelievedtohavebeenthefirsthumanbeing
andthefirstprophetandmessengerinIslam.[1]Adam's
roleasthefatherofthehumanraceislookeduponby
Muslimswithreverence.Muslimsalsoveneratehiswife,
Eve,asthe"motherofmankind".[2]MuslimsseeAdam
asthefirstMuslim,astheQur'anpromulgatesthatallthe
prophetspreachedthesamefaithofsubmissiontoGod.[3]
HisstoryistoldintheQur'aninnumerousplaces,though
hisQur'anicnarrativediffersfromthatintheTorahin
someaspects.

Contents
1AnOverviewofCreation
2TheSignificanceandImportanceofAdam
3DescendantsofAdam
4AdamintheQur'an
5Title

Adam
alayhissalm
()

ThenameAdamwritteninIslamiccalligraphy
followedbyPeacebeuponhim.
Nativename

dam

Knownfor

Firsthumanbeing

Spouse(s)

Haww

Children

HblandQbl,

5.1Safiullah
6Seealso
7Notes
8References
9Externallinks

AnOverviewofCreation
TheQur'anandhadithgivesameaccountofthecreationofAdamandEve.SynthesizingtheQur'anwith
Sunnihadithcanproducethefollowingaccount.AccordingtotheQur'an,whenGodinformedtheangels
thathewasgoingtoputasuccessoronEarth,theyquestionedwhetherthehumanwouldcausebloodshed
anddamage,butHetoldthemthatHeknewwhattheydidnot.[4]HecreatedAdamfromclayandHe
breathedlifeintohim.HadithaddthathewasnamedAdamaftertheclayhewasmadeoutof,ortheskin
(adim)oftheearth.[5]

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ReturningtotheQur'an,whenGodaskedalltheangelstoprostratebeforeAdam,theyallobeyedexcept
Iblis.Forthis,GodbanishedIblistoearthwherehewouldbeatesterofhumans.[6]GodteachesAdamthe
namesofallthethings.[7]
SunnihadithsaythatwhileAdamwassleeping,GodtookaribfromhimandfromitHecreatedEve
however,whilethecreationofAdamandEveisreferredtointheQur'an,theexactmethodofcreationis
notspecified.[8]TheQur'anthensaysthatGodcommandedthatAdamandEvenoteatfromonetreein
heaven,butIbliswasabletoconvincethemtotasteit.Theythenbegantocoverthemselvesbecausethey
nowknewthattheywerenaked.[9]Forthis,GodbanishedAdamandEvetoearthnoncanonicalSunni
hadithsaythatfruitswereturnedtothornsandpregnancybecamedangerous.NoncanonicalSunnihadith
alsosaythatAdamandEvewerecastdownfarapart,sothattheyhadtosearchforeachother.[8]
InIslamictheology,itisnotbelievedthatAdam'ssiniscarriedbyallofhischildren.[6]Hadithsaythat
onceAdamwasonearth,Godtaughthimhowtoplantseedsandbakebread.Thiswastobecometheway
ofallofAdam'schildren.[5]Adamproceededtoliveforabout1000years,thoughthishasbeenatopicof
debate.[5]
Shi'ihadithgiveadifferentaccountoftheearlyexistenceofAdamandEvefromtheaboveadditionally,in
Shi'itheology,eatingfromthetreeisnotconsideredtobeasin,becausetheprophetsareseenassinless.
Thus,neitherAdamnorEveiscursedforthis.[10]

TheSignificanceandImportanceofAdam
AccordingtothestoryofAdam,humankindhaslearnedeverythingfromAdam.Hewasthefirsttolearnto
plant,harvest,andbakeaswellasthefirsttobetoldhowtorepentandhowtoproperlyburysomeone.[8]
GodalsorevealedthevariousfoodrestrictionsandthealphabettoAdam.[5]Hewasmadethefirstprophet
andhewastaught21scrollsandwasabletowritethemhimself.[5]Adamwasalsocreatedfromearth.Itis
wellknownthatearthproducescrops,supportsanimals,andprovidesshelter,amongmanyotherthings.
Earthisveryimportanttohumankind,sobeingcreatedfromitmakesthemverydistinct.[9]Accordingto
someHadith,thevariousracesofpeopleareevenduetothedifferentcolorsofsoilusedincreatingAdam.
Thesoilalsocontributedtotheideathattherearegoodpeopleandbadpeopleandeverythinginbetweenin
theworld.[11]AdamisanimportantfigureinmanyotherreligionsbesidesIslam.[12]Infact,theQur'aneven
mentionsturningtothe"peopleofthebook"(referringtoChristiansandJews)forhelponcertaintopics.
ThestoryofAdamvariesslightlyacrossreligions,butmanagestomaintainageneralthemeand
structure.[12]

DescendantsofAdam
Thoughitisupfordebate,ithasbeensaidthatEvewentthrough120pregnancieswithAdamandeachof
theseconsistedofasetoftwins:aboyandagirl.[5]Accordingtoseveralsources,GodtookallofAdam's
progenyfromhisbackwhiletheywerestillinheaven.Heaskedeachofthem"amInotyourlord?"asread
inQ7:172andtheyallrepliedyes.[5]Forthisreason,itisbelievedthatallhumansarebornwithaninnate
knowledgeofGod.ThemostfamousofAdam'schildrenareCainandAbel.Boththebrotherswereasked
toofferupindividualsacrificestoGod.GodacceptedAbel'ssacrificebecauseofAbel'srighteousnessand
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Cain,outofjealousy,slewAbel.Leadingtothefirstmurderinhumanhistory:themurderofAbelby
Cain.[5]AsAdamgrievedhisson,hewouldpreachtohischildrenaboutGodandfaithinHim.[11]When
Adam'sdeathgrewnear,heappointedhissonSethashissuccessor.[11]

AdamintheQur'an
ThestoryofAdamandcreationispiecedthroughouttheQur'an.Therearereferencesinsuras2,4,5,7,15,
20,21,38andothers.
AccordingtotheQur'an,GodCreatedhumankindoutofclay,[13]shapedittoaformandthencommanded
theangelstobow(submit)toAdam.Iblis(Devil)refusedoutofpride[14]andwasbanishedfromJannah
(Heaven).Ibliswasoneofthejinntobeginwith.[15][16]
AccordingtotheQur'an,GodhadalreadydecidedbeforethecreationofAdamthatmankind(Adamandhis
progeny)wouldbeplacedonearth.Islamdoesnotascribemankind'slifeonearthasapunishment,rather
aspartofGod'splan.
GodsaystotheangelsintheQur'an(2:3033):Verily,Iamgoingtoplacemankindgenerationsafter
generationsonearth.They(theangels)said:WillYouplacethereinthosewhowillmakemischieftherein
andshedblood,whilewe(theangels)glorifyYouwithpraisesandthanksandsanctifyYou.Godsaid:I
knowthatwhichyoudonotknow.
ItisevidentfromtheaboveversesintheQur'anthatGodhadalreadydecidedbeforethecreationofAdam,
thatmankindwouldbelivingouttheirlivesonearth.AndinspiteoftheangelsremarkthatAdamwouldbe
acreationthatwouldcarryoutalotofactionsagainstGod'slaws.GodsaysthatHeknowsAdambetter
thandotheangels.
GodthenteachesAdamthenamesofallthingsandassemblestheangelsinfrontofAdamsoastoshow
themthatthereismoretoAdamthantheyknow,particularlythehighintellectualcapacityofAdam:
"AndHetaughtAdamthenamesallofthem.ThenHeshowedthemtotheangelsandsaid,"InformMeof
thenamesofthese,ifyouaretruthful."Theysaid:"GlorytoThee(saidtheangels),ofknowledgeWehave
none,savewhatThouHasttaughtus:IntruthitisThouWhoartperfectinknowledgeandwisdom."He
said:"OAdam!Tellthemtheirnames."Whenhehadtoldthem,Godsaid(totheangels):"DidInottell
youthatIknowthesecretsofheavenandearth,andIknowwhatyerevealandwhatyeconceal?"
FromtheaboveversesitisclearthatGodissayingthatwhileitmaybetruethatmanmightbeabletodo
allthebadthingsthattheangelssaid,theangelsoverlookedmanshighintellectualcapacitythathecould
usetoactotherwise(bydoinggood).
Fromthere,theQur'anintroducesSatan(knownbythenameofIblis).AccordingtotheQur'an,Iblis,who
wasnotanangelbutajinni,wasamongsttheassemblyofangelsduetohishighrank.Accordingtothe
Qur'anangelsaremadefromlight,whilejinnaremadefromsmokelessfire.
Godcommandstheangels(Iblisbeingamongthem)tobowdowntoAdam.Andtheyalldo,exceptfor
Iblis,whofeelsthathebeingmadefromfire,shouldnotbebowingtoAdamwhowasmadefromearth.His
disobedienceofGod'scommandfollowedbyhisprideandarroganceforgettingridoftheBinnkind(the
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speciesonearththatcausedchaosandwreakedhavocbeforehumankind)causedhimtofalloutofGod's
favor:
"Andbehold,Wesaidtotheangels:"BowdowntoAdam"andtheyboweddown.NotsoIblis:herefused
andwashaughty:Hewasofthosewhorejectfaith(thosewhoaredisobedient)."(2:34)
GodlaterplacesAdamandEveinthegardenandtellsthemthattheyarefreetoenjoyofitsfruitsexcept
nottocomenearacertaintree:(2:35)"Wesaid:"OAdam!dwellthouandthywifeintheGardenandeat
ofthebountifulthingsthereinas(whereandwhen)yewillbutapproachnotthistree,oryerunintoharm
andtransgression."
SatanthendeceivesAdamandEveintoeatingofthefruitsofthetree:(2:36)
"ThendidSatanmakethemslipfromthe(garden),andgetthemoutofthestate(offelicity)inwhichthey
hadbeen.Wesaid:"Getyedown,all(yepeople),withsomeofyouhavingenmitytowardsothers.Onearth
willbeyourdwellingplaceandyourmeansoflivelihoodforatime."
AdamandEvefeelalotofremorsefortheiractions,butGodturnstoAdaminmercyandconsoleshim:
(2:37)
"ThenlearntAdamfromhisLordwordsofinspiration,andhisLordTurnedtowardshimforHeisOft
Returning,MostMerciful."
GodtheninformsAdamthatGodwillsendhisguidancetoAdamandhisprogeny:(2:38)
"Wesaid:"Getdownallofyoufromthisplace(thegarden),thenwhenevertherecomestoyouGuidance
fromMe,andwhoeverfollowsMyGuidance,thereshallbenofearonthem,norshalltheygrieve."
IntheGardenofEden,Iblis(laterknownasShaytan)luredAdamandEveintodisobeyingGodbytasting
thefruitfromtheforbiddentree.God,asapunishment,sendsAdamandEveoutintotherestofthe
earth.[17][18]
TheQur'analsodescribesthetwosonsofAdamandEve,CainandAbel.[19][20]

Title
Safiullah
AdamisgiventhetitleSafiullah(Arabic:,translit.:Safiull,Meaning:ThechosenofAllah)in
Islam.[21]

Seealso
BiblicalnarrativesandtheQur'an
LegendsandtheQur'an
MuhammadinIslam
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ProphetsofIslam
StoriesofTheProphets

Notes
1. ^Lalljee,compiledbyYousufN.(1981).KnowyourIslam(http://books.google.com/books?id=w
vyFztUEjAC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_atb&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false)(3rded.ed.).New
York:TaknikeTarsileQuran.p.71.ISBN9780940368026.
2. ^HistoricalDictionaryofProphetsinIslamandJudaism,Wheeler,AdamandEve
3. ^ConciseEncyclopediaofIslam,C.Glasse,Adam
4. ^Qur'an2:30.
5. ^abcdefghalTabari(1989).TheHistoryofalTabari.NewYork:StateUniversityofNewYorkPress.
p.259.ISBN0887065627.
6. ^abPhipps,William(1996).MuhammadandJesus.NewYork:TheContinuumPublishingCompany.pp.122
3.ISBN0826409148.
7. ^Lofstedt,Torsten(2005)."TheCreationandFallofAdam:AComparisonoftheQur'anicandBiblical
Accounts".SwedishMissiologicalThemes93(4):455.
8. ^abcWheeler,BrannonM.(2001).IntroductiontotheQuran:storiesoftheprophets.NewYork:Continuum.
ISBN0826449573.
9. ^abThorp,John(1982).AsianFolkloreStudies41(2):202203.
10. ^MuhammadBaqiralMajlisi,BiharalAnwar.
11. ^abcKathir,AlImamibn(2013).StoriesoftheProphets.FortressiPublications.ISBN1484840917.
12. ^abBiblicalfiguresoutsidetheBible.Harrisburg,Pa.:TrinityPressInternat.1998.ISBN1563382474.
|first1=missing |last1=inAuthorslist(help)

13. ^Quran3:59(http://www.usc.edu/org/cmje/religioustexts/quran/verses/003qmt.php#003.059)
14. ^Quran15:2632(http://www.usc.edu/org/cmje/religioustexts/quran/verses/015qmt.php#015.026)
15. ^Quran7:1113(http://www.usc.edu/org/cmje/religioustexts/quran/verses/007qmt.php#007.011)
16. ^Quran15:2834(http://www.usc.edu/org/cmje/religioustexts/quran/verses/015qmt.php#015.028)
17. ^Quran7:1924(http://www.usc.edu/org/cmje/religioustexts/quran/verses/007qmt.php#007.019)
18. ^Quran20:115123(http://www.usc.edu/org/cmje/religioustexts/quran/verses/020qmt.php#020.115)
19. ^Quran5:2631(http://www.usc.edu/org/cmje/religioustexts/quran/verses/005qmt.php#005.026)
20. ^Knappert,IslamicLegends,3940.
21. ^"Title"(http://www.baharemadinah.com/prophets/105prophetadamsafiullahthechosenofallah).Bahare
Madinah.Retrieved1February2013.

References
SaadAssel,Mary(2010).25IconsofPeaceintheQur'an:LessonsofHarmony
(http://books.google.com/books?
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id=uwE06I3ID_IC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_atb&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false).
iUniverse.p.244.ISBN9781440169014.
Mehar,IftikharAhmed(2003).AlIslam:InceptiontoConclusion(http://books.google.com/books?
id=O0gypGNaj3kC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_atb&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false).
ALISLAM.p.240.ISBN9781410732729.
StoriesOfTheProphetsByIbnKathir(http://books.google.com/books?
id=ls1fKaZFYtAC&printsec=frontcover&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false).IslamicBooks.
|first1=missing|last1=inAuthorslist(help)

Lalljee,compiledbyYousufN.(1993).KnowyourIslam(http://books.google.com/books?id=w
vyFztUEjAC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_atb&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false)(3rded.
ed.).NewYork:TaknikeTarsileQuran.p.255.ISBN9780940368026.

Externallinks
IslamicConceptofAdam'sCreation(http://www.omeriqbal.com/a/54)
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