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Urbina vs. Maceren (A.C. No.

288-J; June 19, 1974)


Herein complainants, Attys. Urbina and Gesmundo, filed a criminal case against Maceren for knowingly rendering an unjust judgment after losing a case decided by the
latter. The criminal case was dismissed as the fiscal deemed the action to be inappropriate considering that the judgment issued by Judge Maceren at that time was
pending appeal. Allegedly however, prior to dismissal by the fiscal, Atty. Urbina received a phone call from another lawyer (Atty. Esguerra) who threatened him that if he
did not withdraw the criminal case he filed against the judge, he will be killed; that said threat was made by Judge Maceren through Atty. Esguerra.
Respondent denied as pointless the alleged threat through Atty. Esguerra against complainant Urbina's life to compel him to withdraw his charges in this administrative
complaint since there would remain another complainant in the person of Atty. Gesmundo.
However, respondent did admit that in a chance meeting in the courthouse with Atty. Esguerra, he requested the latter should meet his former client (Urbina) to inform him
that "respondent bears no ill will against him and if he feels aggrieved by the decision why not limit his action to an ordinary appeal to the higher courts as he has already
He further submitted the corroborative affidavit of Atty. Esguerra, stating that he merely telephoned Urbina to suggest that the pending appeal rather than the criminal
complaint for allegedly knowingly rendering an unjust judgment was his proper recourse against respondent's adverse decision, and unqualifiedly stating that he never
made any threats nor went to Urbina's house and that "The statements I allegedly made as stated in the affidavit of Gaudencio Urbina did not come from my lips."

Issue: WON complainant Atty. Urbinas suit should prosper.

Held: No

SC gave credence to Judge Macerens statement as opposed to Atty. Urbinas bare allegations which were not supported by evidence.
SC also condemned Atty. Urbinas use of disrespectful language. A lawyer owes fidelity to the courts as well as to his clients and that the filing on behalf of disgruntled
litigants of unfounded or frivolous charges against inferior court judges and the use of offensive and intemperate language as a means of harassing judges whose
decisions have not been to their liking (irrespective of the law and jurisprudence on the matter) will subject said lawyer to appropriate disciplinary action as an officer of the
Court. This only unduly burdens the courts.
On the matter of Judge Macerens judgment, SC stated that judges will not be held administratively liable for mere errors of judgment in their rulings or decisions absent a
showing of malice or gross ignorance on their part because to hold a judge administratively accountable for every erroneous ruling or decision he renders, assuming that
he has erred, would be nothing short of harassment and would make his position unbearable.