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Surface Logging Services

to reduce drilling time and costs


to improve rig safety
to characterize reservoirs

Copyright by Geolog International (Feb 2014)

Index
List of contents

Company Overview

03.

Client References

05.

HSE & Quality

06.

Products & Services

08.

Drilling and Rig Safety

10.

Reservoir Evaluation

26.

Geochemical

36.

Real Time Data Transmission

43.

Training Courses

46.

Geolog in the world

48.

Mission Statement
Our Mission

To help our clients make quantified, informed, substantial improvements


in their drilling efficiency, hydrocarbon detection and reservoir characterization.

To constantly build a leading edge service company

that attracts, develops and retains exceptional people.

To respect and improve the highest safety and environmental standards

whilst actively participating in the


development and know-how of the countries in which we operate.

Company Overview
The leading independent surface logging company
Geolog International B.V. (GEOLOG) is a leading global oil-

volume and temperature degasser and DualFidTM chromato-

field services company that provides surface logging services

graph technology.

to a substantial and diversified client base. Founded in 1982 in


Milan, Italy, the firm is headquartered in Amsterdam, The Ne-

GEOLOGs products and services are centered on 3 key indus-

therlands and maintains offices in most major oil producing

try requirements:

countries. GEOLOG operates at the forefront of technology

To reduce overall drilling time and costs


To improve rig safety
To characterize reservoirs

and its services are centered on the optimization of the overall drilling times and costs of each well and the acquisition of
quality data for formation characterization.
GEOLOG services national and international oil companies

GEOLOG is the largest independent international surface lo-

and integrated service providers, both onshore and offsho-

gging company in the world and presents itself as the only

re across more than 45 countries and is presently involved

solution to clients seeking an independent surface logging

in exploration, development, deep offshore, HP/HT wells

company versus one of the fully integrated service providers.

and unconventional (shale) reservoirs. GEOLOGs significant


growth since its inception over 30 years ago is to be attribu-

GEOLOGs surface logging services provide data which is cri-

ted, amongst others, to its technological leadership in surface

tical for the drilling, geology and reservoir groups of clients.

logging and its strong focus on proprietary research and de-

GEOLOG delivers services which include the monitoring of (i)

velopment. As such, GEOLOG invests heavily in R&D (up to 5%

geological data obtained by physical evaluation of cuttings;

of annual turnover) with a target to produce a new patent, on

(ii) hydrocarbons data obtained from analysis of gases in

average, every two years. In line with its strategy to be the lea-

and out and (iii) surface drilling data (including mechanical,

ding global supplier of choice for highly technological surface

hydraulic and engineering variables) obtained using seve-

logging services to the oil and gas industry, GEOLOG focuses

ral high-end sensors and quasi real time enhanced analysis.

on those markets where its leadership in highly complex dri-

GEOLOG provides key information to evaluate the well in ter-

lling projects is required, and recognized. These typically in-

ms of hydrocarbons ratios, pressure balances, and relative po-

clude deep-water, deep-onshore and horizontal drilling with

sitions of its lithological layers. GEOLOGs services also provide

extended reach as well as compartmental reservoir. In parti-

early warning on dangers to ensure well safety and to prevent

cular, GEOLOG is now a world leader in gas detection and gas

formation damages for optimum data acquisition and field

extraction from drilling mud thanks to its advanced constant

productivity.

Company History
Three decades of field experience
GEOLOG was founded in Italy in 1982 to provide mud logging
services to AGIP on geothermal, oil and gas wells. From its
early years, GEOLOGs strong technological and R&D culture
led to the development of a number of innovative solutions
and highly technological patents in the mud logging arena.
The Italian crisis of 1994, during which the Company moved
abroad, opening bases in Tunisia, Congo and Venezuela, servicing AGIPs international operations, acted as a catalyst for
the Companys international expansion. Current management
acquired the Company in 2001 and has been able to develop
its innovative solutions and technological patents into commercial products and services, thereby significantlyg growing
the customer base across not only International Oil Companies but also to National Oil Companies worldwide. Whilst
retaining its R&D and production facilities in Milan, Italy, in
2009 the Company reorganized its corporate structure under
GEOLOG International BV, based in Amsterdam.
Under current management, GEOLOG has consistently grown
at double digit rates purely organically, expanding its operations from its established footholds in North and West Africa
and Central America and by opening new bases in the Middle
and Far East, South America, the North Sea and Australasia.
Today, GEOLOG remains privately owned and has grown to
become the largest international independent mud logging
company in the world.
4

Client References
National Oil Companies:

Onshore

PERTAMINA

Exploration Wells
Development Wells
Geothermal Wells
Unconventional (Shale) Reservoirs
Extended Reach Drilling
Offshore

Exploration Wells
Development Wells
Extended Reach Drilling
Narrow Mud Weight Window
Wells Drilled Under Balanced

International Oil Companies

Deep & Ultra-Deep Water Wells


(Up to 2,600 Meters Water Depth)

Angola
Australia
Ghana
Italy
Malaysia
Mauritania
Mozambique
Namibia

Sri Lanka
Tanzania
Timor Leste
Togo
Turkey
Trinidad
Venezuela

HP / HT Wells

Argentina
Austria
Brazil
Ghana
Italy
Kuwait

Mexico
Mozambique
Netherlands
Romania
Sri Lanka

VICO Indonesia

Turkey
Integrated Service Providers

Extreme Weather

North Africa: + 55 C
Russia: -50 C

HSE & Quality


Health, safety and environment are fundamental to everything we do
HSE CAPABILITIES
Our vision at GEOLOG is to make measurable improvements in the health, safety and environmental (HSE) aspects of our services and operations and to do so continually. As such, GEOLOGs HSE requirements are:

No personal injuries

No accidents

No environmental damages

Since 2010 GEOLOG has been certified in ISO 14001:2004 for Environmental Management
System and OHSAS 18001:2007 for Occupational Health and Safety Management System
by Det Norske Veritas (DNV), both for office and rig site activities. This demonstrates that
GEOLOG operations are managed efficiently and responsibly, providing reliable services
to its clients, free of downtime associated with QHSE matters.
Some of the major benefits of having a unique integrated certified system worldwide are:

To provide more effective operational service to our clients


To provide more efficient support to our rig site operations
To have standardized planning and procedures worldwide, enabling GEOLOG to work at
the highest standards available on the market

To have an integrated system that encompasses both office and rig site personnel participation

To have an active system for continuous improvement

Top Management is fully committed to HSE issues through constant personal involvement i.e. Review meetings, Audits, provision/assignment of Training, amongst others. Furthermore, GEOLOG corporate HSE policy statement is issued
directly by the President of the Company, Mr. Antonio Calleri. Given the importance of HSE in GEOLOG operations its
structure has been growing with the increase of GEOLOG presence worldwide: from field staff to base personnel, with
direct reporting lines into the central HSE team.
To comply with ISO &OHSAS standards, GEOLOG constantly monitors and evaluates if the HSE requirements are being met. For
this the following items are monitored and reported to Top Management monthly: Man-hours worked, number of Lost Time Incidents[1] (LTI), LTI Frequency rate[2], LTI Gravity rate[3], and Environmental Spills. In 2012, GEOLOG had nearly 2 million man-hours
worked, 1 LTI, a LTI Frequency rate of 0.56, a LTI Gravity Rate of 0.006 and zero Environmental Spills.

QUALITY CAPABILITIES
GEOLOG Quality Management system is certified in ISO 9001:2008 by Det Norske Veritas
(DNV). This allows GEOLOG to integrate with its certificates in ISO 14001:2004 and OHSAS
18001:2007, all with DNV. This integration between the three standards helps GEOLOG to
have a fully operational QHSE Management system with the objective of achieving excellence in QHSE performance. To ensure the QHSE Management system is in place in the
certified bases, GEOLOG has trained several of its employees as internal auditors in the ISO
& OHSAS standards, in which GEOLOG is certified.
Apart from the ISO &OHSAS certificates, GEOLOG is also registered in both Achilles and
the 1st Point databases (FPAL), helping reduce the risks in its supply chain and serving as
further confirmation of GEOLOGs internal processes, QHSE and corporate responsibility.
[1]

A Lost Time Incident (LTI) is a work-related incident, injury or illness to an employee in which a physician or licensed health care professional recommends day(s) away from work
due to the incident.

[2]

The Lost Time Incident Frequency rate (LTIFR) is measured as the number of Lost time incidents per million hours worked in the period analyzed.

[3]

The Lost Time Incident Gravity Rate (LTIGR) is the number of cumulative lost work days (resulted from a LTI) multiplied by 1 thousand divided by the cumulative man hours worked.

Satisfy customers with superior quality, value and services


Maintaining outstanding QHSE Performance that follows the ISO & OHSAS standards is a core value of GEOLOG. Our successful
QHSE performance has been made possible through the leadership and teamwork of all employees and all Managers. GEOLOGs
QHSE Standards are based on the continual improvement of the QHSE Management system:

PLAN

Continual
Improvement

IMPLEMENT

REVIEW

PLAN
QHSE goals and objective
Field risk analysis
Client requirements

VERIFY
Audits
Records
Incident investigation
and analysis

IMPLEMENT
Training awareness and
competence
Document Control
Emergency planning
Operational control

REVIEW
Management review
Recommendations

V E RIFY

CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY
GEOLOG takes its corporate social responsibilities seriously and is committed to advancing its policies
and systems to ensure it addresses and monitors all aspects of social responsibility that are relevant
to its business. For these reasons GEOLOG is an active member of the United Nations Global Compact
(UNGC) - a strategic policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and
strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labor, environment and
anti-corruption, as detailed here:
1: Businesses should support and respect the protection of internationally proclaimed human rights; and
2: Make sure that they are not complicit in human rights abuses.
3: Businesses should uphold the freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining;
4: The elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour;
5: The effective abolition of child labour; and
6: The elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.
7: Businesses should support a precautionary approach to environmental challenges;
8: Undertake initiatives to promote greater environmental responsibility; and
9: Encourage the development and diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies.
10: Businesses should work against corruption in all its forms, including extortion and bribery.
GEOLOG publishes its annual COP (Communication on Progress) report in May of each year. The latest copy of which is
available on GEOLOGs as well as the UNGCs website.
7

Products & Services

Real Time DRILLING and RIG SAFETY Services


GeoEK Real Time Early Kick & Mud Loss Detection
GeoCVM Real Time Measurement of Borehole Cleaning & Stability
Gas Geosteering Piloting of Horizontal Wells using Gas Chromatographs & Ratios
SDC String Dynamic Control - Real Time Stick & Slip Detection
Hazardous Gas Detection and Alarms Real Time Detection on Site
Real Time Hydraulics Surge & Swab and Kick Control
FlowGuardianTM Near Balance and Narrow Margin Drilling
Wash Out Detection Twist Off Prevention
GeoGradientTM Pore Pressure Prediction & Analysis
Workbench Analyzing well drilling and operational parameters in Near-Real time

Real Time RESERVOIR EVALUATION Services


GeoGWD Reservoir Evaluation & Characterization using Gas Data
GeoRES Real Time Fractured Reservoir Evaluation
Real Time Gas Interpretation
Quantitative Gas Detection In deepwater with heated, advanced gas extraction system
DualFIDTM Star Field Evaluation of OWC and Formation Fluids Changes
GeoFLUID Mass Spectrometry - Formation Fluid Evaluation
GeoISOTOPES Detection and Analysis of Stable Isotopes of Carbon in Hydrocarbon Gases

Near Real Time GEOCHEMICAL Analysis at Rigsite


XRD & XRF X-ray Diffraction Analysis / X-ray Fluorescence Analysis
TOC / Pyrolysis Total Organic Carbon and Pyrolysis Analyzer
Unconventional Surface logging for shale gas

Real Time TRANSMISSION of Data


GeoWITSML Data Gathering & Sharing via Advanced WITSML Protocol
Wellcoms Well Data, Logs & Reports Available Anytime Anywhere

Customised TRAINING in Areas of Expertise


Mud Logging & Gas Interpretation
Reservoir Characterization
Rig Safety

DRILLING

GeoEK

Real Time Early Kick & Mud Loss Detection


Immediately detects Kicks at a very early stage, via an accurate Real Time measurement of the difference
between the mud flow Out and the mud flow In ( flow), in both water base and oil base mud systems
EQUIPMENT for EARLY KICK & LOSS DETECTION
GeoEK utilizes Electromagnetic Flowmeters to accurately measure the

flow in water base mud, and the Coriolis Mass Flow-

meters for water and oil base muds

10 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter


Up to 3,500 liters/minute
Resolution> 5 liters/minute
Water Base and Oil Base Mud

Electromagnetic Flowmeter
Resolution> 10 liters/minute
Water Base Mud

EARLY KICK & LOSS DETECTION EXAMPLES

35s TIME
INTERVAL

User Friendly screen:


The Driller, Company Man and Toolpusher do
NOT need to spend time looking at the various
GAINS IN
35s TIME
INTERVAL
Kick was detected very early: 0.16 m3 = 1 bbl

10

curves as the display gives automatically:

The amount of fluid gained or lost


The time from the start of the gain or loss

Early Kick detection prevents blowouts

TIME 1,114 seconds

95 s TIME INTERVAL

TIME INTERVAL
BEFORE CLOSING THE
WELL 8 minutes

TOTAL KICK 1.54 m3


Early Kick detection

LOSSES IN 95 s. 0.18 m3
Accurate detection of a Loss:
0.18 m3 in 95 seconds

High-Resolution Coriolis Flowmeter reveals swabbing and prevents kick (Flow Paddle unable to detect flow)

BONUS
Whenever the Electromagnetic Flowmeter or the Coriolis Mass Flowmeter is installed on the rig for Early Kick Detection the
system can also detect opened fractures and provide valuable Reservoir information to the Oil Company.
11

DRILLING

GeoCVM

Real Time Measurement of Borehole Cleaning & Stability


For the first time Mud Logging accurately measures the volume of the cuttings coming out of the hole
EQUIPMENT and PERSONNEL

One tray is positioned in front of each shale shaker to measure the weight of the cuttings and to calculate the hole volume
No modification to the rig
One Specialist is added to the crew

Onshore

APPLICATIONS

To optimize the drilling efficiency


To measure, in real time, the volume of cuttings coming out
of the hole

To detect, in real time, borehole stability problems (caving)


To detect, in real time, borehole cleaning problems
To see, in real time, whether the actions taken to correct borehole stability and hole cleaning problems are effective

To safely drill horizontal wells and extended reach wells by


controlling at all times the status of the hole cleaning

To modify drilling program and or procedures to improve


efficiency

To assess cement volume needed when no caliper log is run


before a cement job
OPTIONAL
Secure real time data transmission via Internet using
Wellcoms.

12

Offshore

ROTARY

SLIDING

The cutting volume analysis system is capable of identifying primary and secondary hole damage and therefore
the drilling team can understand whether reaming/backreaming is needed or it is instead potentially damaging
the formation further.
Reference: CUTTING WEIGHT SENSORS TO IMPROVE DRILLING EFFICIENCY: FIELD RESULTS ONSHORE SOUTH ITALY
by ENI and GEOLOG, presented at the 2004 IADC World
Drilling Conference

Drilling from 6,900 ft to 7,130 ft


During drilling in sliding mode the amount of cutting
recovered in surface is less than expected, however the
volume of cuttings retrieved during rotary mode makes
up in terms of total cutting recovery, ensuring a proper
cleaning of the borehole.

Technical Paper Reference:


Cutting Weight Sensors to Improve Drilling Efficiency: Field Results Onshore South Italy
(IADC World Drilling Conference, Dubrovnik July 2004)

13

DRILLING

Gas Geosteering

Piloting of Horizontal Wells using Gas Chromatographs & Ratios


GEOLOG offers advanced gas chain for complex or critical reservoirs
EQUIPMENT
GEOLOG offers more advanced gas chain for complex or critical reservoirs.
ADVANCED GAS CHAIN

Analysis of hydrocarbons from C1 to C5 in 45 seconds


Complete separation with return to baseline for both C1 and C2 thanks
to double chromatographic and FID detector system

Saturation limits: C1: 100% - C2: 100% - C3:15%


Resolution 1 ppm
Accuracy: +/- 1% of value
DUAL FIDTM Chromatograph

METHODOLOGY

Each reservoir is characterised by its hydrocarbon components and the ratio between
the various components

The first step is to record the hydrocarbon components of the reservoir(s) drilled in a
CVD (Constant Volume Degasser)

vertical section of the well - pilot hole

The horizontal section is drilled controlling that the gas ratio remains constant

SPE-163368-MS
Innovative In-house Geosteering Utilizes Gas-While Drilling Data for Deep Jurassic high
Angle Well Placement
Adnan Al Shamali, Dr. Naveen K. Verma, Bhawesh Chandra Jha, Javad Estarabadi and
Waleed Al-Khamees

14

FIELD EXAMPLE

CHALLENGES

The horizontal section had to be drilled in layers 3&4 with an


average thickness of 10 feet only

The layers 3&4 are not horizontal


Long section of 5312 feet
EQUIPMENT

CVD Constant Volume Degasser


DUALFIDTM Chromatograph
Real Time Gas Quality Control
Recording and displaying the Pixler gas ratio, Wetness / Balance and Character ratios

Wetness / Balance / Character over 300 feet of 10 feet thick drain


section - PERFECTLY CONSTANT

REMARK - PILOTING THE HORIZONTAL DRAIN IN ONE LAYER OF A MULTIPLE LAYERS RESERVOIR
GAS GEOSTEERING IN ONE LAYER OF MULTILAYERED RESERVOIR

LAYER 2

LAYER 3
LAYER 2
LAYER 4

LAYER 5

LAYER 3
LAYER 4
LAYER 5

In this horizontal well Wh and Bh ratios enable clear identification of


the layer in which the bit is placed.

Wetness (Wh) and Balance (Bh) ratios in Geosteering

15

DRILLING

SDC String Dynamic Control


Real Time Stick & Slip Detection

To detect stick & slip situations, to graphically display the information to the Driller to take corrective
actions and to see the results of the corrective actions
EQUIPMENT
STANDARD SENSORS

RPM
Torque
WOH (Weight on Hook)
SPP (Stand Pipe Pressure)

HIGH SPEED
DATA ACQUISITION

PROCESSING VISUALIZATION DISPLAY

50 Hertz

REMARK
GEOLOG detects and visualizes the Stick & Slip occurrences. The Driller can then decide which drilling parameters must be
changed to optimize the operations.
BENEFITS
Early detection of stick & slip prevents the following problems:

Poor ROP
Down hole back-off. Severe stick & slip can cause the pipes to unscrew downhole causing fishing jobs
Twist off of down hole assembly leading to fishing
Getting stuck
OPTIONAL
Secure real time data transmission via Internet using Wellcoms.
16

DRILLING

Hazardous Gas Detection and Alarms


Real Time Detection on Site

EQUIPMENT

H2S SENSOR
Range 0-50 ppm
Resolution 1 ppm

LEL SENSOR Explosivity


Range 0-100 %
Resolution 1 %

S02 SENSOR
Range 0-20 ppm
Resolution 1 ppm

C02 SENSOR
Range 0-30% volume
Resolution 0,05% volume

EXTERNAL ALARMS
Sirens (up to 3 tones)
Lights (up to 3)

GEOLOG SPECIFIC FEATURES

The standard Mud Logging Data Acquisition System can manage a large amount of safety sensors and external alarms.
The standard Mud Logging unit can provide the full H2S detection and monitoring service whenever a specific H2S service is
required. The H2S service contractor provides only the H2S safety equipment and training to the rig personnel.
OPTIONAL SERVICE: WEATHER STATION
GEOLOG can provide a full weather station when drilling in populated areas, and the Authorities require additional safety
measures.
The weather station data can also be transmitted in real time via the GEOLOG internet secured Wellcoms data transmission to
the Authorities or the to the Company Safety Officer
OPTIONAL SERVICE: RIG INCLINOMETER
GEOLOG can provide and install an inclinometer on the mast, to ensure any potential rig collapse or structural /foundation problem is monitored closely and recognized in its early stages.

17

DRILLING

Real Time Hydraulics


Surge & Swab and Kick Control

GEOLOGs hydraulic software is TRUSTED and RELIED UPON by drillers around the world.
GEOLOG offers Hydraulic analysis, Surge & Swab, Kick Control service in Real Time to assist the driller in
optimizing drilling efficiency and improve safety.
EQUIPMENT

Hydraulic analysis, Surge & Swab, Kick Control engineering Programs are part of the Standard Data Acquisition software
They are available at ALL times on the Company Man workstation, the Toolpusher workstation and to the Driller on the Eexd
Rig Floor Monitor

Real Time HYDRAULICS Pressure Losses Screen Display

Real Time computation of


Pressure losses in the BHA
ECD (Equivalent Circulating Density)

The Driller knows at any time


Pore gradient, fracture gradient and ECD
Safety margin (ECD versus pore /gradient pressures)

Report available to Driller at any time


The Driller or Company Man can do a simulation at any time: what if the nozzles or the mud weight or the mud properties are
changed

The software uses three rheological models (Bingham, Power Law and Herschel & Bulkley)
It gives the Driller the tool to optimize bit hydraulics
18

Real time SURGE & SWAB Screen display

Real time computation of


Pressure losses in the BHA
ECD Equivalent Circulating Density
Safe POH pipe velocity
Safe RIH pipe velocity

The Driller knows at any time


Pore gradient and fracture gradient
ECD

Safety margin (ECD versus pore / gradient


pressures)
Safe POH and RIH pipe velocity to avoid surge/swab

Report available to Driller at any time


The Driller can do a simulation, at any time he
wants

Real Time KICK CONTROL allows in case of a


kick the immediate computation of:

The formation pore pressure


The fluid influx height in the string
The nature of the fluid influx
The new mud density needed to kill the kick
The amount of barite needed
The circulating pressures and the time needed
to prevent any further fluid entry
to safely circulate the fuid influx out of the
annulus with real time monitoring
to replace the contaminated mud by a new
mud
Additional Real Time KICK CONTROL features

Performs an automatic data verticalization


Allows an automatic compilation of the pre-kick data sheet
Uses the Wait & Weight and/or the Drillers methods
Allows the monitoring of the kill procedure in real time

19

DRILLING

FlowGuardianTM

Near Balance and Narrow Margin Drilling

APPLICATIONS

Near Balance Drilling: To drill with a very low differential pressure between the pore pressure and the equivalent mud weight.
Ideal to maximize information gathered and/or prevent formation damage in depleted reservoirs.

Narrow margin wells: To drill wells where the margin between maximum pore pressure and minimum fracture pressure in the
same section is very narrow:
A slight increase in the mud weight and losses occur
A slight decrease in the mud weight and the well flows
EQUIPMENT & SYSTEMS

Option 1: To install an electromagnetic flowmeter or a Coriolis mass flowmeter for advanced detection (see GeoEK - Real Time
Early Kick and Loss Detection)

Option 2: A software package to model the mud pit volume increase or decrease at each pipe connection using GEOLOGs
FlowGuardianTM software
METHOD

To display versus time the change (delta) in surface mud volume when the pumps stop/start to obtain trends
Any deviation during a pipe connection from the displayed envelopes indicates a possible Kick or mud loss
This anomalous flow indication can come less than 30 seconds from the onset of a Kick
Influx detected with the
FlowGuardian after 40 seconds

TRENDS

Typical example of narrow margin drilling going quickly from a


small loss of 5 Bbls to a gain of 20 Bbls

20

DRILLING

Wash Out Detection


Twist Off Prevention

To detect wash outs in real time, prevent breaking of down hole assembly and prevent expensive fishing
jobs and lost times
EQUIPMENT for WASH OUT DETECTION

High resolution Flow Meter IN along with SPP Stand Pressure Sensor enables a prompt detection of wash out events avoiding
twist off occurrences

The main problem facing the Mud Logging Contractor is credibility. Too often the Company Man does NOT believe the
Data Engineer on the crew and we witness fishing jobs which should never have occurred
FIELD EXAMPLES

Client saving in the best scenario: 1 day of fishing


(order of magnitude - 100K $ )
In the worst case: 1-2 days of fishing - cut pipe - sidetrack well
(order of magnitude - milions $)

In case of Stand Pipe Pressure drop a DIRECT MEASUREMENT of the


PUMP FLOW IN enables immediate distinction of a washout from a
pump problem

C Connection

81/2 DC
7 crack

Wash Out detected BHA Pulled Out - No fishing job

Wash Out detected Offshore


BHA Pulled Out
No fishing job

Wash Out detected


No action taken
Twist-off
Fishing at 6,000 m

21

DRILLING

GeoGradientTM

Pore Pressure Prediction & Analysis

GEOLOG offers two types of overpressure detection:


Real time d Exponent
GeoGradientTM
REAL TIME d EXPONENT
GEOLOG is the only Mud Logging Contractor offering the real time d Exponent in its standard mud logging service package.
The Data Processing is done continuously, and the d Exponent display is available at any time to rig users and to the client in
town via real time data transmission (Wellcoms).

Screen Display
Real Time d Exponent analysis while drilling
Continuous & immediate calculation of the formation (pore) gradient
Continuous & immediate calculation of the fracture gradient
Immediate recognition of a change of formation and pore pressure gradient

GEOGRADIENTTM PACKAGE PRESSURE ANALYSIS and PREDICTION


The GeoGradient service consists of:

The GeoGradient software developed in house by GEOLOG


A dedicated Specialist

22

PRE-DRILL ANALYSIS (PREDICTION)


It is performed during the planning phase of the well, collecting Regional data and offset data from other wells.
Data collected for Pre-Drill analysis typically
includes:
Normal Hydrostatic Gradient: Regional.
Formation Densities: Regional or Synthetic
Geostatic (Overburden) Gradient: Regional
or Synthetic
Normalized ROP: Only from Mug Logging
Unit, d Exponent, SigmaLog
Normal Compaction Trend: on Normalized
ROP. Seismic velocity
Formation Pressure (Overpressure): from
Normalized ROP & Compaction Trend
Calculation of Fracture Gradient: from empirical Eaton formulae, using the Matrix
Stress Coefficient
Use of Porosity log (sonic, resistivity): to
control & validate the previous results

GeoGradientTM uses raw data like


d Exponent as an input

Geo-mechanical model
Formation pressure trend

Well design
Casing program
Mud program

NCT applied to raw d Exponent shows


overpressure

GeoGradient

TM

GeoGradientTM processes the raw data to


recognize trends

From trends the pressure log is produced

NCT TREND

PORE OVERPRESSURE
GRADIENT IN
EQUIVALENT KG/L

OVERPRESSURE

23

DRILLING

Workbench

Analyzing well drilling and operational parameters in Near-Real time

WorkBench utilizes high-resolution, high-quality data from the mudlogging database to generate data
analysis and CLEAR and synthetic reports vs Time and vs Depth or a combination of both
This information is 300 times more precise than the IADC report (the IADC time segment resolution is 30 minutes, the Workbench resolution is 5 seconds).
Geolog is able through its specialists to support its client in making the most of the well data in terms of:

Drilling Efficiency
Reduction of drilling time and costs (Key Performances Indicators analysis)
Statistical analysis of drilling parameters
Operational time distribution and optimization
Reservoir characterization
The Workbench specialist provides series of predefined reports which are completely customizable on Client request (daily, by
bit run, by phase, by well), utilizing a proprietary software platform with specific tools to work with various datasets

Drilling Parameters

Operational and performance comparison between different rig crews

Accurate and Automated


Operations time analysis
based on the mud logging database.

24

Identification of invisible NPT

Benchmarks

Benchmarking and monitoring of


operational performance (in this case
pipe connection procedures)

Drilling Parameters

Crossplots

Optimal ROP

Mud gas ratios

Fluid signatures

Optimal MSE

Drilling Parametrs optimization


identification of ideal WOB and RPM in
function of Rate Of Penetration (ROP)
and Mechanic Specific Energy (MSE)

All the diplays shown here have been developed


with our clients for their specific needs.

Mud Gas analysis on Well Targets.


Characterization of formation fluids.
Clear display of logs and crossplots.

25

RESERVOIR

GeoGWD

Reservoir Evaluation & Characterization using Gas Data

The GWDTM interpretation provides:


Formation tops
Formation fluid contents
Reservoir characterization
The GWDTM Gas While Drilling Interpretation has been developed by TOTAL and ENI, to provide an accurate and detailed reservoir evaluation using high quality gas data. GEOLOG utilizes it as its reference gas analysis technique.
EQUIPMENT REQUIRED

ADVANCED GAS CHAIN for GWDTM

Analysis of hydrocarbons from C1 to C5 in 45 seconds


Complete separation with return to baseline for both
C1 and C2 whatever the C1/C2 ratio

Gas IN-Gas OUT detection

Saturation limits: C1: 100% - C2: 100% - C3-C5: 15%


Resolution 1 ppm
Accuracy: +/- 1% of value
DUALFIDTM Chromatograph

CVD (Constant
Volume Degasser)

GWD SPECIALIST

Technical Paper Reference:


SPE-163368-MS Innovative In-house Geosteering Utilizes
Gas-While-Drilling Data for Deep Jurassic High Angle Well Placement
(IPCE, Kuwait October 2012)

26

FORMATION TOPS AND FLUID CONTACTS IDENTIFICATION

Geolog utilizes heavy gas data trends and ratios to support Formation Evaluation and to identify fluid contacts and as markers for formation tops

RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION

Field A Reservoir 2
Field A Reservoir 1

Field A Reservoir 3

Field A Reservoir 4

GeoGWD enables to differentiate the fluid characteristics of 4 different reservoirs in the same well

GeoGWD differentiates between the source rocks and the


reservoirs oil signatures

RESERVOIR CONTACTS

Gas / Oil contact using the


Wetness/ Balance / Character method

27

RESERVOIR

GeoRES

Real Time Fractured Reservoir Evaluation


GEOLOG has the equipment and expertise to provide, in Real Time at the Wellsite the evaluation of
fractured reservoirs
The GeoRES evaluation includes:

The real time detection and identification of open fractures


The real time determination of the fractures fluids contents: water, oil & gas
The near real time advanced interpretation of the reservoir fluids using the GWDTM

Gas While Drilling interpretation

EQUIPMENT for FRACTURE DETECTION


Electromagnetic Flowmeters to accurately measure the flow in water based muds, and Coriolis Mass Flowmeters for water
or oil based muds.

10 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter


Up to 6,000 liters/minute
Resolution > 5 liters/minutes
Water Base and oil Base Mud

Electromagnetic Flowmeter
Resolution> 10 liters/minute
Water Base Mud

OPENED FRACTURES DETECTION EXAMPLES

Fracture Permeability from Microlosses Analysis

28

MUD FLOWMETER FOR MICROLOSSES ANALYSIS


Example of the good correspondence between: Opened Fracture measured from mud losses and Fracture Imaging for a single conductive
fracture intercepted by the well

EQUIPMENT TO EVALUATE THE FRACTURES FLUID CONTENTS


GEOLOGs advanced gas chain is designed to provide real time fracture evaluation

ADVANCED GAS CHAIN for GWDTM

Analysis of hydrocarbons from C1 to C5 in 45 seconds


Complete separation with return to baseline for both
C1 and C2 whatever the C1/C2 ratio

Gas IN-Gas OUT detection

Saturation limits: C1: 100% - C2: 100% - C3-C5: 15%


Resolution 1 ppm
Accuracy: +/- 5% of value
DUALFIDTM Chromatograph

CVD (Constant
Volume Degasser)

FOR RESERVOIR EVALUATION


OPEN FRACTURES

GAS PEAKS FROM FRACTURES

For Reservoir Evaluation refer to the GeoGWDTM


Gas While Drilling section
OPTIONAL
Secure real time data transmission via internet using
Wellcoms.

In a 3000 meters horizontal section in Italy, the ONLY reservoir


information at the end of the well was the above

29

RESERVOIR

Real Time Gas Interpretation


GEOLOG is the only Mud Logging contractor offering the real time Gas Data Quality Control and Gas
Evaluation as a standard part of the mud logging service
The processing system continuously performs the gas computations and stores them in the Data Base.
The interpretation is accessible at any time on site (or in town when the Wellcoms real time transmission is installed on site)
The contents of the Data Base are delivered to the end-user with the final well report

1 Real time GAS QUALITY CONTROL


It is extremely important to control the quality of the gas
data before making any evaluation. To ensure gas quality
data a comparison is made between the Total Gas measured by the Total Gas Detector and the Total Gas obtained
by recombining the gas elements from the Gas Chromatograph. Good Quality data implies a ratio of the two Total
Gas data must be between 0.8 and 1.2 (the closer to 1.0
the better) as per ENI TOTAL GWDTM guide-lines.)
2 Real time gas evaluation using the Pixler Ratio Method
to get productive zones and fluid contents
3 Real time gas evaluation using the Character / Wetness
/ Balance method to get productive zones and fluid contents

30

RESERVOIR

Quantitative Gas Detection

In deepwater with heated, advanced gas extraction system

Improve hydrocarbon heavy components extraction, compulsory for deepwater & ultra-deep water
wells
In deep water conditions, with a standard gas trap:
Mud temperature is too low to extract gas
The mud level changes, causing erratic degasser readings
As a result reliable gas detection is not possible

MUD HEATER

CVD

Geologs CVD and Mud Heater system grants optimal gas extraction thanks to:

Constant mud extraction (controlled extractor pump rate)


Constant mud temperature (controlled heater temperature)
Constant gas sample pressure (controlled gas distribution system flows and pressures)
Elimination of Recycled Gas (with double Gas Extraction system IN and OUT) - Gas
Measurement and Calculation of extraction efficiency
GEOLOGs technology permits a quantitative hydrocarbon characterization - constant extraction condition on all well sections
enabling accurate quantity measurements.
HEATED SYSTEM ENABLES GAS ANALYSIS IN DEEPWATER
Fully advanced extraction system enables to obtain fluid composition matching PVT
CVD with Mud Heater Hydrocarbon extraction example
Heated Extraction System
TOP OIL

OWC

Raw data

1000

PVT data

Non Productive
4595 m

100
Gas

Depth Log
Constant Volume heated extraction enables picking fluid contacts

10

Quantitative gas data

DST m

Non Productive

ADDITIONAL ADVANTAGE

Oil

4595 com m

C1/C2

C1/C3

C1/C4

C1/C5

Using the same equipment also on the suction line, it is possible to accurately evaluate the recycled gas, given extraction will be
done at exactly the same conditions, thereby allowing for calculation of formation gas.

Technical Paper Reference:


Advanced Mud Gas Detection System improves Formation Fluid Characterization
while drilling in Challenging Indonesia deepwater: a case history
(IPA 36th Annual Convention & Exhibition, Jakarta May 2012)

31

RESERVOIR

DualFidTMStar

Field Evaluation of OWC and Formation Fluids Changes

DualFidTM Star integrates GEOLOGs advanced gas detection system measuring hydrocarbons from C6 to nC8
GEOLOGs DualFidTM Star service identify formation fluid contacts (GOC, OWC) while drilling, thereby maximizing reservoir information in exploration wells and creating interpretative models for hydrocarbon fluids composition (fluid signature) for intra-field correlations and reservoir prediction
EQUIPMENT
A rackmounted, dedicated heavy gases chromatograph (from Hexane to Toluene) integrating the DualFidTM traditional mudlogging C1-C5 analysis.
METHOD
DualFidTM Star is a new approach to the analysis of heavy gases beyond C5 at rig site. It exploits the reliability and accuracy of
FID technology to obtain full and clear separation of heavy components.

Gas IN-Gas OUT detection


DualFidTM Star:

Analysis of hydrocarbons from nC6 to nC8 in


120-150 seconds

Identification of all alkanes, naphtenes and


aromatics

Resolution 0.1 ppm


Accuracy: +/- 1% of value
Chromatography saved as file for detailed
analysis.

GeoFluid must be connected to an advanced gas extraction system which maintains constant pressure, temperature and volume of the sample.
The system can run off an Gas OUT-Gas IN system to deliver gas data free of recycled gas.
An extraction efficiency procedure enables to reach QUANTITATIVE gas analysis.
A dedicated software (WorkbenchTM) supports the data analysis and interpretation.
ADVANTAGES
The DualFidTM Star adds to GEOLOGs gas analysis package two powerful tools: aromatic gas behavior analysis and identification
of reservoir fluid signature. This is achieved with:

Zero extra deck space required


Accurate formation evaluation in near-real time
Minimal supervision required
Technical Paper Reference:
Improved Formation Evaluation While Drilling with a New Heavy Gas Detector
(SPWLA 53rd Annual Symposium, Cartagena June 2012)

32

RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION

Identified unprognosed oil interval with heavy gas detector. The layer marked out
in red gave way to heavy gases unlike any of the other nearby intervals. The layer
was tested based on the heavy gas data and produced oil

Ternary diagrams amongst the heavy components of the


hydrocarbon fluid enable the quick recognition of separate
zones within the reservoir

Identification of Gas-OilContact and resolution of thin, productive sand stringers possible with DualFidTM Star

33

RESERVOIR

GeoFLUID

Mass Spectometry - Formation Fluid Evaluation

Geolog provides advanced gas detection based on GCMS (Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry)
technology able to guarantee optimal Real Time reservoir characterization in all conditions even in the
presence of contaminants from the mud

DualFidTM Star must be connected to an advanced gas extraction system which maintains constant pressure, temperature and
volume of the sample.

The system can run off a Gas OUT-Gas IN system to deliver gas data free of recycled gas.
An extraction efficiency procedure enables to reach QUANTITATIVE gas analysis.
A dedicated service (WorkbenchTM) supports the data analysis and interpretation.
A dedicated procedure enables to account for and eliminate the effect of Alkenes generated by bit burn effect while drilling.
GeoFluid:

The GeoFLUID Package

Analysis of gases from C1 to nC8 in 90


seconds

Identification of all alkanes, alkenes,

Advanced gas extraction

naphtenes and aromatics -

Resolution 1 ppm
Accuracy: +/- 1% of value
Chromatography saved as file for
detailed analysis.

Rigorous data QC
Advanced formation
fluid interpretation

The ternary diagrams show consistency of the heavy


hydrocarbons readings, corresponding to a specific
oil signature.

34

RESERVOIR

GeoISOTOPES

Detection and Analysis of Stable Isotopes of Carbon in Hydrocarbon Gases

GeoISOTOPES provides real time measurement of carbon stable isotope ratio (13C) at rig site.
The Isotope dataset availability directly at rig site, along with Advanced Gas Interpretation, enables a complete formation fluid
characterization and definition of fluid origin (biogenic or thermogenic). The system can measure 13 on Methane, Ethane,
Propane and CO2.
CO2 atm

Dry thermogenic
gas
Wet thermogenic
gas

Marine
Carbonate

Dry bacterial methane

-110

-100

90

-80

-70

-60

-50

-40

-30

-20

-10

+10

oil
PDB Standard

plants
plankton

13C on Methane ratio enables the identification of biogenic, mixed


and thermogenic origin of methane:

13C on Ethane ratio shows effects of migration and further defines


the origin of the hydrocarbon.

13C on Propane and on CO2 provide further information on the


isotopic spectrum of the formation fluid.
13C1

Schoell diagram

-65
-60
-55

Ms

-50

-45
-40

GeoISOTOPES rack-mounted system

TTm

Schoell
diagram

Md

-35
-30

TTh

-25
-20
-15

-60

-50

-40

-30

-20

13C2

Crossplot 13C C1 vs 13C C2

35

GEOCHEMICAL

WELLSITE GEOCHEMISTRY SERVICES


XRD - XRF - TOC - PYROLYSIS

Near Real Time Geochemical Analysis on Cuttings for Conventional and Unconventional Reservoir evaluation
FIELD RESULTS
Mineralogy composition of drilled interval - XRD:
100,0

Cristobalite
Pyrite

90,0

Anydr.

80,0

CHrysotil

70,0

Nimitr

60,0

Kaolite

50,0

Clinocore
Illite

40,0

Muscovite

30,0

Plagioclase

20,0

K-feld

10,0

Quartz
Siderite
1100
1130
1160
1190
1220
1250
1280
1310
1340
1370
1400
1430
1460
1490
1520
1550
1580
1610
1640
1670
1700
1730
1760
1790
1820
1850
1880
1910
1940
1970
2000
2030
1060
2090
2120
2150
2180
2210
2240
2270
2300
2330
2360
2390
2420
2450
2480
2520
2550
2580
2610

0,0

Dol.
Calcite

Variation in shale mineral


percentage is QUANTIFIED.
Calcite spikes indicate
limestone stringers.
Calcite increases at
lithological change.
Total Organic Carbon curve - TOC:
14

TOC chart

excellent
12
very good

10
8

TOC

good

TOC core
4
fair
2

poor

2100

2000

1900

1800

1700

1600

1500

1400

1300

1100

1000

1200

very poor

The Total Organic Carbon content of a shale is measured in Real Time by Geolog crew.
Data from core chips and cuttings clearly identify the more productive section, which could be digitally transmitted via
e.g. WellComs.
36

Chemical composition of drilled interval - XRF


70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1500

1600

1700

1800

1900

2000

30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1500

1600

1700

1800

1900

2000

40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1500

1600

1700

1800

1900

2000

9,00
8,00
7,00
6,00
5,00
4,00
3,00
2,00
2,00
1,00
0,00
2,00
1,80
1,60
1,40
1,20
1,00
0,80
0,60
0,40
0,20
0,00
5000
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0

Si
LE
K
Al

Fe
Ca
Si
S

As*
Mo*
U*
V*

Relevant changes in chemical composition are identified.


Elements associated with presence of organic matter are quantified.

S1, S2, T max - Pyrolysis


10

Pyrolysis in Real Time on a Shale Gas project


identifies mature intervals for development.

S1 - S2 pyrolisis
1

S1
S2

0,1

480

2100

2000

1900

1800

1700

1600

1500

1400

1300

1200

1100

1000

0,01

Postmature

460
Mature

440

Tmax

420
400

Immature
2100

2000

1900

1800

1700

1600

1500

1400

1300

1200

1100

1000

380

GEOLOG WELLSITE GEOCHEMICAL LABORATORY PROVIDES CUSTOMIZED SOLUTIONS FOR


CONVENTIONAL AND UNCONVENTIONAL RESERVOIRS

37

GEOCHEMICAL

XRD & XRF

X-ray Diffraction Analysis / X-ray Fluorescence Analysis

Geochemical Analysis on drilled cuttings, in Real Time on site


OBJECTIVES
Obtaining geochemical rock analysis from a laboratory can take months. Data are often needed whilst drilling or in Near-Real
Time GEOLOG can provide Real Time geochemical sample analysis on cuttings at the wellsite.
Geochemical data on-site provides stratigraphic indications, enabling the evaluation of shales and source rocks, all whilst drilling.
EQUIPMENT
GEOLOG can deploy Field Portable X-ray Diffraction and X-ray Fluorescence instruments. These can operate as complements to
Surface Logging services or as stand-alone services, within a dedicated Geochemical services laboratory.

XRD system, optimized for field usage in a field laboratory

pinhole
collimator

XRF detector, hand-held, portable

Sample
holder

X-ray beam

mi
c
X-r ro-fo
c
ay
tub us
e
CCD

Schematic of the X-ray diffraction detection

38

Principle of the X-ray fluorescence

RESULTS
GEOLOG has been the first service company to run a dedicated Geochemical laboratory on a live well. A mineralogy and elemental log was produced in Real Time.

Above is the output of the mineralogical analysis of a well with the identification of different clay minerals

Elemental analysis can enable to identify relevant formation horizons thanks to the marker elements detected.
It is also utilized a s a reference to confirm and guide the mineralogical analysis
Technical Paper Reference:
In-Situ Geochemical Analysis of Rock Samples from Simultaneous Wells
Enables Field-Wide Formation Characterization in Real Time
(SPWLA 54th Annual Symposium, New Orleans June 2013)
Technical Paper Reference:
Innovative Geosteering Technology Utilized in Drilling Smart Multi-lateral Wells
(Offshore Technology Conference, Houston May 2013)

39

GEOCHEMICAL

TOC / Pyrolysis

Total Organic Carbon and Pyrolisis Analyzer

Geochemical Analysis While Drilling on rock cuttings and core chips


Geolog operates a field geochemical laboratory. This service, provided in Real Time while drilling wells, comprises organic carbon analysis, which can be carried out both on rock cuttings and on core chips.
TOC Total Organic Carbon Analyzer: Geolog operates the only direct TOC field analyzer available on the market. The sysetm
is operated with a proprietary procedure and quantifies accurately the % of organic carbon in the sample.
Pyrolysis: Geolog runs a purpose-built pyrolyzer, which analyzes the S1 and S2 peaks, quantifying the presence of hydrocarbons and Kerogens in the rock.
Ultimately the organic carbon analysis provides the following data:
TOC quantification.
S1 and S2 (free hydrocarbon and Kerogen) quantification
Tmax indicating rock maturity
HI Hydrogen Index
Kerogen typing
PI Production Index

GEOLOGs geochemical laboratory can be deployed on any onshore or offshore location, and it is manned 24/7 for the duration of the project.

TOC Total Organic Carbon analyzer and Pyrolyzer, measuring S1, S2, Tmax

These detectors have bee developed and built by Geolog following the main criteria of:
The GEOLOG answer to unconventional questions is
an innovative and fully equipped geochemical lab at rig site

40

RESULTS

14

TOC Chart

excellent

12
very good

10
8
6

TOC

good

TOC core

4
fair

poor
very poor

A Total Organic Carbon log is crucial to identify potentially productive shale gas intervals and source rocks. This type of output can be obtained
within hours of a wells TD

10
10

S1 -S2 pyrolisis
1

S1

S1

0,1

0,1

0,01

0,01
480

S2

S2

Postmature

460
440

Mature

420
400

Tmax
Immature

380
2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 3100 3200

Pyrolysis enables to directly evaluate a formation maturity. Now it can be done while drilling

41

GEOCHEMICAL

Unconventional

Surface logging for shale gas

TARGET

Sweet spots
Identification

Geosteering
Well trajectory

Frac job design


and optimization

Organic matter
facies, abundance
and maturity

Organic matter
distribution/facies
recognition

Reservoir
heterogeneities
mapping

Rock properties

SOLUTIONS

Gas potential
evaluation

ISSUES

Shale gas exploration and development require a different and innovative approach and GEOLOG has
made available a new complete analytical package based on surface logging to support Customers with
new tailored services.

Total Organic
Carbon

Thermal
extraction and
pyrolysis
GeoPyrolysisTM

Gas extraction
and analysis
GeoFluidTM
Dual FIDTM and
Dual FID STARTM

Chemical
analysis
XRF

Clay mineral
characterization
XRD

The GEOLOG answer to unconventional questions is


an innovative and fully equipped geochemical lab at rig site

ON-SITE GEOCHEMICAL LAB

42

TOC & PYROLISIS ANALYZERS


PROPRIETARY INSTRUMENTS

XRD & XRF ANALYZERS

REAL TIME
TRANSMISSION

GeoWITSML

Data Gathering & Sharing via Advanced WITSML Protocol

GEOLOG can capture and transmit to the final user (local or remote) set gather all surface logging, LWD and
MWD data via WITSML interface, as a single data set
EQUIPMENT
GEOLOGs versatile GeoWITSML system communicates seamlessly with all third parties. No extra applications are required.

LWD

MWD

GeoWITSML

GEOLOG server

Customer/Oil Company

WITSML (Wellsite Information Transfer Standard Markup Language) standardizes data formats and exploits the strength of XML
(eXtendible Markup Language). WITSML utilizes self-describing data in ASCII Format and enables message transport via web
services standard, thereby transmitting objects which are not simply numbers.
GEOLOGs GeoWITSML package is a step ahead in the simplification of data exchange at the well-site and adds further value to
the already present Mud Logging service at the rig site.

43

REAL TIME
TRANSMISSION

Wellcoms

Well Data, Logs & Reports Available Anytime Anywhere

Wellcoms transmits lithologies and all the messages, notes, headers, scales, comments which are put on
the logs by the mud loggers
Wellcoms is GEOLOGs web solution for real time data transmission from the rig site to the client office.
Wellcoms is the most advanced and secure system for delivering data collected on site to any location worldwide, giving
clients access to Rig site data from anywhere, with the possibility to:
Personalize page configurations
Access Real Time Data and Playback mode
Show lithologies and messages
Display data versus Depth and/or Time
Access to multiple wells concurrently
Scale customisation for each different curve
Wellcoms provides access to the rig data from anywhere using
Microsoft Internet Explorer. Specialists from headquarters and
different bases can support worldwide remote site operations
in real time, providing valuable input into crucial decision making. Expert teams can assist worldwide operations from one
or more central control rooms assisting Oil Company to quickly and efficiently reach its operational objectives.

Main advantages over different transmission systems:


Only mudloggers can support 24/7 the system on the rig for
the entire well duration
Only Geolog operators can provide realtime operational
comments to remote clients
Only Wellcoms provides lithology in real time to remote
clients
Only
Wellcoms provides all Mud Logging and all LWD data

in real time

Wellcoms fully supports WITS and WITSML 1.2 and 1.3 industry standards giving the possibility to transfer data from
different contractor/services (MWD, LWD, Rig contractor).
The service includes 24/7 assistance services to guarantee
continuous record and quality of real time data.

Data security
1024bit RSA encryption on data transmission
Mud Logging data is transmitted from the rig directly to the
hosting server, visible on the web
Only the receiver has the necessary software keys to decrypt the data

The data transmitter on the rig is not accessible


The transmission device is not visible through the web
Peer to peer communication is allowed with few well identified supervisors
Access to the transmission computer is protected with login and password

The hosting server is highly protected against intrusion

Unique user authentication process

Onboard firewall settings prevent unauthorised access


The hosting servers public address is known only by the
web server and the transmission device

Security for users:

User authentication dongle

44

User accounts do not allow multiple simultaneous connections


Access rights for users are limited to pre-defined databases
Intrusion alarm on passwords
Web browser is clean with no data stored on the local hard
disk (i.e. no ghost files)
User authentication dongles

REAL TIME
TRANSMISSION
Encrypted rig data with SSL technology
Powered by RSA adaptive authentication
No data stored locally

Wellcoms data stream is enriched by the Real Time interpretation of Geologs field engineers.

The well data can be played back vs time and depth, and values are easily reviewed on screen.

45

TRAINING

Customised TRAINING
in Areas of Expertise

GEOLOG provides industry courses in its areas of expertise: Mud logging, Gas Interpretation,
Reservoir Detection and Evaluation, and Safety
At GEOLOG, our aim is to provide simple solutions to our clients training needs. Serving National and International Oil Companies as well as Oil & Gas corporates, GEOLOG offers customised training. All GEOLOG trainers have over 10 years of field experience. GEOLOG designs and delivers pragmatic solutions that clients find easy to implement back in the field.
All courses can be held at a clients premises or at any of GEOLOGs training centers spread across its regions of operations:
Europe: Milan, Italy; Bucharest, Romania; Ijmuiden, Netherlands; Ankara, Turkey
North Africa: Tripoli, Libya; Hassi Messaoud, Algeria
Sub-Sahara Africa: Cape Town, South Africa; Luanda, Angola; Point Noire, Congo; Port Gentil, Gabon
Latin America: Maturin, Venezuela; Macae, Brazil; Lima, Per
Middle East: Mangaf, Kuwait

Far East: Balikpapan, Indonesia

As well as client-specific customised training courses, GEOLOG also offers the following courses:
CC01 - Optimizing Well Costs for Clients
CC02 - Optimizing Well AFE for Clients
BM01 - Basic Mud Logging for Geologists
BM02 - Basic Mud Logging for Drillers
AM01 - Advanced Gas Interpretation
AM02 - Advanced Mud Logging for Drillers
AM03 - Mud Logging for Reservoir Evaluation
SM01 - Mud Logging to Improve Safety
AM04 - Mud Logging Spec Analysis
GM01 - Data Engineering for Clients
COURSE DETAILS:
CC01 - Optimizing Well Costs for Clients
Targeted at Client Supervisors, Superintendants, Exploration and Drilling Managers (2 to 3 days)
Course aimed at teaching our clients utilizing GEOLOG systems which data are truly useful to: (a) optimize well costs during
drilling operations of exploration and development wells, and (b) perform quick short-term post-mortem review in order to
capture lesson-learnt and capitalize the know-how in the clients operating procedures.
CC02 - Optimizing Well AFE for Clients
Targeted at Client Exploration and Drilling Engineers and Managers (2 to 4 days)
Course aimed at teaching our clients utilizing GEOLOG systems which data are truly useful to: (a) optimize well AFE (Approval
For Expenditure) and well design before starting drilling operations of exploration and development wells, (b) perform medium-term post-mortem review in order to capture lesson-learnt and capitalize the know-how for ongoing field development
and for newly-improved well design programs, and (c) prepare risk analysis and contingency plans of sensitive and/or critical
wells.

46

TRAINING
BM01 - Basic Mud Logging for Geologists
Targeted at Junior Client Geologists (2 days)
Overview of the mud logging services: sensors, gas equipment, data acquisition and processing system, safety equipment and
reporting.
BM02 - Basic Mud Logging for Drillers
Targeted at Drillers, Junior Drilling Engineers (2 days)
Overview of the mud logging services with a special attention to the contribution to drilling: drilling sensors, safety sensors and
alarms, monitors and workstations for drilling, drilling screens and displays, reporting, wash out detection, down hole vibration
detection, kick detection, hydraulics, overall well safety, etc.
AM01 - Advanced Gas Interpretation
Targeted at Geologists with minimum 4 years experience and Reservoir Engineers (3 days)
Detailed review of the latest high technology gas detection and chromatograph systems. On site gas Real Time quality control.
On site Real Time gas interpretation using the conventional ratio methods. On site advanced gas ratio interpretation and capabilities.
AM02 - Advanced Mud Logging for Drillers
Targeted at Drillers, Drilling Supervisors, Drilling Engineers (3 days)
Detailed review of the mud logging services to improve drilling efficiency, such as Cutting Volume Monitoring, Real Time detection of down hole vibration, wash-out detection, early kick detection in water based mud and oil based mud, Real Time
hydraulic, Real Time surge and swab, real time kick control, integration with MWD Directional.
AM03 - Mud Logging for Reservoir Evaluation
Targeted at Senior Geologists and Reservoir Engineers (2 days)
Detailed review of the latest mud logging technologies to detect open fractures, to evaluate reservoir contents and hydrocarbon/water contacts to evaluate reservoir fluids using on site mass spectrometer.
SM01 - Mud Logging to Improve Safety
Targeted at Safety Officers, Drillers, Drilling Supervisors, Drilling Engineers (2 days)
Detailed review of how the mud logging services can contribute to improve the safety of the well with cuttings weighting and
actual hole size, early kick detection (in both water based and oil based mud), Real Time hydraulics, Real Time surge and swab,
real time kick control, detection of H2S, SO2, LEL explosive environment, multiple alarms systems, alarms to meet local authorities specifications, etc.
AM04 - Mud Logging Spec Analysis
Targeted at Client Operations Geologists and Exploration Managers (2 days)
Applied analysis of the geological and drilling challenges that a client faces in his own fields. The scope is to optimize the utilization of the surface logging data and to learn to recognize the needed services.
GM01 - Data Engineering for Clients
Targeted at Client Field Operators and Supervisors in charge of operating our systems (1to 3 weeks)
In-depth course aimed at teaching our clients utilizing GEOLOG systems all what is needed to install, run, maintain and troubleshoot the GEOLOG mud logging systems.

47

EASTERN
EUROPE & CIS

NORTH SEA &


MEDITERRANEAN

AMERICAS

SUB-SAHARA AFRICA

48

ARGENTINA (Salta)
geolog.argentina@geologinternational.com

ALGERIA (Algiers & Hassi Messaoud)


geolog.algeria@geologinternational.com

RUSSIA (Moscow)
geolog.russia@geologinternational.com

BOLIVIA (Santa Cruz de la Sierra)


geolog.bolivia@geologinternational.com

DENMARK (Esbjerg)
geolog.north-sea@geologinternational.com

ROMANIA (Bucharest)
geolog.romania@geologinternational.com

BRAZIL (Ro de Janeiro & Maca)


geolog.brazil@geologinternational.com

FRANCE (La Dfense)


geolog.france@geologinternational.com

KAZAKHSTAN (Almaty)
geolog.kazakhstan@geologinternational.com

COLOMBIA (Bogot)
geolog.colombia@geologinternational.com

ITALY (Milano)
geolog.italy@geologinternational.com

KURDISTAN (Erbil)
geolog.kurdistan@geologinternational.com

CHILE (Santiago)
geolog.chile@geologinternational.com

LIBYA (Tripoli)
geolog.libya@geologinternational.com

TURKEY (Ankara)
geolog.turkey@geologinternational.com

MEXICO (Villahermosa)
geolog.mexico@geologinternational.com

NETHERLANDS (Ijmuiden)
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49

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GEOLOG INTERNATIONAL
De Entree 242
1101 EE Amsterdam Zuid-Oost
The Netherlands
Tel: + 31 (0) 20 3420 620
Fax: + 31 (0) 20 3420 645
Via Monte Nero, 30
20098 San Giuliano Milanese
Milan - Italy
Tel: +39 02 9825 21
Fax: +39 02 9825 2328
50