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The major forms of Literature are:

A novel is a long narrative, normally in prose, which describes fictional characters and
events, usually in the form of a sequential story.
Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance. The enactment of drama in
theatre, performed by actors on a stage before an audience, presupposes collaborative modes
of production and a collective form of reception.
Mythology can refer either to the collected myths of a group of peopletheir body of stories
which they tell to explain nature, history, and customsor to the study of such myths.
Graphic novel
A graphic novel is a book made up of comics content. Although the word "novel" normally
refers to long fictional works, the term "graphic novel" is applied broadly, and includes
fiction, non-fiction, and anthologized work. It is distinguished from the term "comic book",
which is used for comics periodicals.
The classic major genres of Literature are:
Satire: Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which
vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of
shaming individuals, corporations, government or society itself, into improvement. Although
satire is usually meant to be humorous, its greater purpose is often constructive social
criticism, using wit as a weapon and as a tool to draw attention to both particular and wider
issues in society.
Tragedy: Tragedy is a form of drama based on human suffering that invokes in its audience
an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in the viewing.
Comedy: Comedy in the contemporary meaning of the term, is any discourse or work
generally intended to be humorous or to amuse by inducing laughter, especially in theatre,
television, film and stand-up comedy.
Scientific Study of European Languages: Some scholars think that Indo-European
languages spread with farming techniques from Turkey across Europe and Asia 8,0009,500
years ago2. Others suggest that nomadic Kurgan horsemen brought the origins of Indo-

European language from central Asia about 6,000 years ago3. There is archaeological
evidence to support both theories, but genetic studies of Indo-Europeans have been
inconclusive, leading to an intractable debate among linguists, anthropologists and cultural
The majority view in historical linguistics is that the homeland of Indo-European is located in
the Pontic steppes (present day Ukraine) around 6,000 years ago. The evidence for this
comes from linguistic paleontology: in particular, certain words to do with the technology of
wheeled vehicles are arguably present across all the branches of the Indo-European family;
and archaeology tells us that wheeled vehicles arose no earlier than this date. The minority
view links the origins of Indo-European with the spread of farming from Anatolia 8,000 to
9,500 years ago.
Significant Contribution made by new literature
Literature refers to oral or written text that imitate reality and those stylistic compostion
makes them appeal to us in different ways that differ from ordinary written or oral work.
literaure is a vital part of learning, and helps in widening and deepening of skills in language.
litarature is true and its useful, it can aslo transmitt information , it is communicative, the role
of literature play in invoking self-discovery within the reader and the impartation of courage
to cope with various problems abd challenges. literature transmits information, it is
communicative and it influences.
Literature is the mirror of society, it reflects the way we live in othre way we can say it has
the role of shaping the society. the organisation of society is built up by literature. literature
mybe be analysed in terms of the historical conditions .its aim to understand ideologies, the
idea, values and feelings are available to us only in literature. it can also plays a ploitical role
as it can be used to help change or perserve a status. literature entertains.
Literature teaches us about life, moral values and moulds into good citizens. similarly texts of
literature usually promote moral values.by large literature involves the representation of
various aspects of real or imaginary situations. literature as art a pivotal social role in that
often it acts as a catharisis of dangerous emotions that people have and therefore it purges
people's emotions, they are form of perceptions particullar ways of seing the world and such
they have relation to that dominant way of seeing the world in a socil mentality of idoelogy
of an age.

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