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AP World History - Chapter


23: Economic Building

Study Guide


Understand the causes and the process by which the Latin American states gained independence.
Be able to compare the political challenges faced by Latin American and English-speaking North American nations in the
nineteenth century.
Be able to explain and give concrete examples of how abolitionism, the movement for womens rights, and immigration
changed the nations of the Western Hemisphere.
Understand the relationship between industrialization, new technologies, economic growth, and the environment in the
Western Hemisphere.

Section 1: Independence in Latin America

1. Latin American revolutions were initially triggered by
2. Why was the Junta Central political body established?
3. The overthrow of the Venezuelan, Mexican, and Bolivian colonial governments was initially led by
4. In his revolution, Simn Bolvar was aided by?
5. Simn Bolvar created Gran Colombia, which was to unify what territory?
6. Jose de San Martin led Chilean and Argentine forces against
7. Jose de San Martins most effective troops were
8. In 1810, Spains richest and most populous American colony was
9. With the king of Spain imprisoned by the French, the authority of Spanish colonial officials was in reality based on
10. The Mexican revolutionaries Jos Mara Morelos and Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla were
11. After Pedro I declared independence in 1822, Brazils new government was a
12. Emperor Pedro I of Brazil published an article in which he called slavery

Section 2: Problem of Order

13. Canadas desire for political autonomy led to the birthday of a new nationality when Britain
14. One area most Latin American governments had difficulty with was
15. In Latin America, who were caudillos?
16. List the similarities & differences shared between Venezuelan leader Jos Antonio Pez and American Andrew Jackson?
17. Low literacy levels and a weak constitutional tradition in Latin America resulted in
18. The unity of the United States was threatened by rivalries over issues such as
19.The failure of the Confederacy in the United States Civil War was due to?
20. In the nineteenth century, describe how and why Mexico lost territory?
21. To settle Texas in northeastern Mexico, the Mexican government made what decision?
22. A French army was driven out of Mexico by
23. How were Amerindians treated by the U.S. Govt?
24. Describe the organized alliance of Amerindians of the Ohio River Valley and Great Britain?
AP World History - Mr. Mulford - Liberty High School

25. What was the Indian Removal Act of 1830?

26. The Plains Indians successfully resisted U.S. expansion in part because they
27. Plains Indian women had lost prestige because
28. One advantage that Amerindians in Argentina and Chile had in checking settlers southern expansion was?
29. Describe the causes and outcomes of the Mayan rebellion in Mexico?

Section 3: The Challenge of Social and Economic Change

30. People who wanted slavery to be outlawed were called
31. Describe the fundamental reasons abolitionists wanted to end slavery?
32. How did the emancipation of slaves in the United States affect African-Americans?
33. How did the Paraguayan War help to end slavery in Brazil?
34. Why were Caribbean settlers not enthusiastic about independence from European imperial governments?
35. After the profitability of sugar plantations declined, the British
36. Slavery lasted longest on the Caribbean islands of
37. The largest numbers of new arrivals in the Americas during the colonial period were
38. During the nineteenth century, the majority of immigrants to the western hemisphere were from
39. Canada decided to reduce Asian immigration in the 1880s by
40. What ways & methods did the United States use to assimilate immigrants?
41. The modification of the language, customs, values, and behaviors of a group as a result of contact with people from another
culture is called
42. Describe the purpose and outcome of the Womens Rights Convention
43. Working-class women transformed gender relations by
44. The only Western Hemisphere countries that earned similar individual income levels as Western Europe by 1900 were
45. What affect did the demand for metals such as copper, zinc and tin have?
46. Describe how the technological improvements changed the Argentinian cattle industry at the end of the nineteenth century?
47. List examples of the economic success of the United States in the nineteenth century?
48. Much of Cubas dense forest was cut for what purpose?
49. Who was a naturalist who worked for environmental preservation?
50. When confronted with the choice of economic growth or environmental protection, how did nations respond?

AP World History - Mr. Mulford - Liberty High School